Contents 1 History 2 Administration and demography 3 Geography 3.1 Climate 3.2 Air pollution 4 Sister cities 5 Main sights 6 Economy 6.1 Agriculture 6.2 Mining and manufacturing 6.3 Services 6.4 Economic development Zones 6.5 Industrial zones 7 Transport 7.1 Rail 7.2 Highways 7.3 Bus 7.4 Subway 7.5 Air 8 Colleges and universities 8.1 Public 8.2 Military 8.3 Private 9 Notable people 10 Politics 11 See also 12 Notes 13 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of Zhengzhou The Shang dynasty established Aodu (隞都) or Bodu (亳都) in Zhengzhou.[7] This prehistorical city had become abandoned as ruins long before the First Emperor of China in BC 260. Since 1950, archaeological finds in a walled city in Eastern Zhengzhou have provided evidence of Neolithic Shang dynasty settlements in the area.[8][9] Outside this city, remains of large public buildings and a complex of small settlements have been discovered. The site is generally identified with the Shang capital of Ao and is preserved in the Shang dynasty Ruins monument in Guanchen District. The Shang, who continually moved their capital due to frequent natural disasters, left Ao at around 13th century BC. The site, nevertheless, remained occupied; Zhou (post-1050 BC) tombs have also been discovered.[10] Legend suggests that in the Western Zhou period (1111–771 BC) the site became the fief of a family named Guan. From this derives the name borne by the county (xian) since the late 6th century BC—Guancheng (City of the Guan). The city first became the seat of a prefectural administration in AD 587, when it was named Guanzhou. In 605 it was first called Zhengzhou—a name by which it has been known virtually ever since.[11] The name Zhengzhou came from the Sui dynasty (AD 581), even though it was located in Chenggao, another town. The government moved to the contemporary city during the Tang dynasty. It achieved its greatest importance under the Sui (AD 581–618), Tang (618–907), and early Song (960–1127) dynasties, when it was the terminus of the New Bian Canal, which joined the Yellow River to the northwest. There, at a place called Heyin, a vast granary complex was established to supply the capitals at Luoyang and Chang'an to the west and the frontier armies to the north. In the Song period, however, the transfer of the capital eastward to Kaifeng robbed Zhengzhou of much of its importance. It was a capital during the five dynasties of Xia, Shang, Guan, Zheng, and Han, and a prefecture during the eight dynasties of Sui, Tang, Five Dynasties, Song, Jin, Yuan, Ming, and Qing.[citation needed] In 1903 the Beijing–Hankou Railway arrived at Zhengzhou, and in 1909 the first stage of the Longhai Railway gave it an east–west link to Kaifeng and Luoyang; it later was extended eastward to the coast at Lianyungang, Jiangsu, and westward to Xi'an (Chang'an), Shaanxi, as well as to western Shaanxi. Zhengzhou thus became a major rail junction and a regional center for cotton, grain, peanuts, and other agricultural produce.[citation needed] Early in 1923 a workers' strike began in Zhengzhou and spread along the rail line before it was suppressed; a 14-story double tower in the center of the city commemorates the strike. On June 10, 1938, Chiang Kai-shek's National Revolutionary Army opened up the dikes retaining the Yellow River at Huayuankou between Zhengzhou and Kaifeng, in an effort to stem the tide of invading Japanese; however, the ensuing 1938 Yellow River flood also killed hundreds of thousands of Chinese.[12] Zhengzhou also has a locomotive and rolling-stock repair plant, a tractor-assembly plant, and a thermal generating station. The city's industrial growth has resulted in a large increase in the population, coming predominantly from industrial workers from the north. A water diversion project and pumping station, built in 1972, has provided irrigation for the surrounding countryside.[citation needed] The city has an agricultural university.

Administration and demography[edit] Zhengzhou is divided into 6 urban districts, 5 county-level cities and 1 county. These subdivisions are likely to undergo significant changes in the near future due to increasingly rapid urban expansion and urban planning. The municipality is home to 8,626,505 inhabitants (2010 census) and 6,35 million in its built up area made of 6 urban and suburban districts, Xingyang and Xinzheng cities and now Zhongmu county largely being urbanized, making the city one of the main built-up areas of the province.[5] Map Jinshui Erqi Huiji Guancheng Zhongyuan Shangjie Xingyang (city) Xinzheng (city) Dengfeng (city) Xinmi (city) Gongyi (city) Zhongmu County Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010) Area (km2) City proper Jinshui District 金水区 Jīnshuǐ Qū 1,588,611 242 Erqi District 二七区 Èrqī Qū 712,597 159 Huiji District 惠济区 Hùijì Qū 269,561 206 Guancheng Hui District 管城回族区 Guǎnchéng Huízú Qū 645,888 204 Zhongyuan District 中原区 zhōngyuán Qū 905,430 195 Suburban Shangjie District 上街区 Shàngjiē Qū 131,540 64.7 Satellite cities Xingyang 荥阳市 xíngyáng Shì 613,761 908 Xinzheng 新郑市 Xīnzhèng Shì 758,079 873 Dengfeng 登封市 Dēngfēng Shì 668,592 1220 Xinmi 新密市 Xīnmí Shì 797,200 1001 Gongyi 巩义市 Gǒngyì Shì 807,857 1041 Rural Zhongmu County 中牟县 Zhōngmù Xiàn 727,389 1393

Geography[edit] Located just north of the province's centre and south of the Yellow River, Zhengzhou borders Luoyang to the west, Jiaozuo to the northwest, Xinxiang to the northeast, Kaifeng to the east, Xuchang to the southeast, and Pingdingshan to the southwest. With the land within its administrative borders generally sloping down from west to east, Zhengzhou is situated at the transitional zone between the North China Plain to the east and the Song Mountains and Xionger Mountains to the west, which are part of the greater Qinling range. The city centre is situated to the south of the middle reach of the Yellow River, where its valley broadens into the great plain. Zhengzhou is at the crossing point of the north–south route skirting the Taihang Mountains and the mountains of western Henan. The prefecture spans 34° 16' ~ 34° 58 N latitude and 112° 42' ~ 114° 14' E longitude, covering a total area of 7,446.2 square kilometres (2,875.0 sq mi), including the metropolitan area, which covers 1,013.3 km2 (391.2 sq mi), and the city centre, which occupies 147.7 square kilometres (57.0 sq mi). The section of the Yellow River flowing through the prefecture extends 150.4 km (93.5 mi). Mountains loom over the western counties of Gongyi and Dengfeng while the easternmost county of Zhongmou is a vast, fertile floodplain, with the counties in between being hilly transitions. Climate[edit] Zhengzhou experiences a monsoon-influenced, four-season humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa), with cool, dry winters and hot, humid summers. Spring and autumn are dry and somewhat abbreviated transition periods. The city has an annual mean temperature of 14.35 °C (57.8 °F), with the monthly 24-hour average temperature ranging from 0.1 °C (32.2 °F) in January to 27.0 °C (80.6 °F) in July. The frost-free period lasts on average 220 days. Extremes since 1951 have ranged from −17.9 °C (0 °F) on 2 January 1955, 27 December 1971 and 1 February 1990 to 43.0 °C (109 °F) on 19 July 1966.[13][14] Rainfall is primarily produced by the monsoonal low during summer; in winter, when the vast Siberian High dominates due to radiative cooling from further north, the area receives little precipitation. During the summer season, the city is also often affected by tropical depressions, which bring additional amounts of rain. The annual precipitation is about 630 millimetres (25 in). With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 45 percent in February and March to 54 percent in May, the city receives 2,182 hours of sunshine per year, which is just under half the possible total. Climate data for Zhengzhou (1971−2000) Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °C (°F) 21.0 (69.8) 25.2 (77.4) 29.2 (84.6) 37.2 (99) 38.5 (101.3) 42.3 (108.1) 43.0 (109.4) 40.1 (104.2) 37.9 (100.2) 34.6 (94.3) 27.0 (80.6) 23.8 (74.8) 43 (109.4) Average high °C (°F) 5.7 (42.3) 8.6 (47.5) 14.0 (57.2) 21.7 (71.1) 27.2 (81) 31.6 (88.9) 31.8 (89.2) 30.5 (86.9) 26.7 (80.1) 21.5 (70.7) 14.1 (57.4) 8.0 (46.4) 20.1 (68.2) Daily mean °C (°F) 0.1 (32.2) 2.7 (36.9) 8.0 (46.4) 15.5 (59.9) 21.0 (69.8) 25.7 (78.3) 27.0 (80.6) 25.6 (78.1) 21.0 (69.8) 15.1 (59.2) 8.0 (46.4) 2.2 (36) 14.3 (57.7) Average low °C (°F) −4.3 (24.3) −1.9 (28.6) 2.9 (37.2) 9.5 (49.1) 14.7 (58.5) 19.8 (67.6) 22.8 (73) 21.7 (71.1) 16.2 (61.2) 9.9 (49.8) 3.1 (37.6) −2.4 (27.7) 9.3 (48.8) Record low °C (°F) −17.9 (−0.2) −17.9 (−0.2) −7.5 (18.5) −1.4 (29.5) 3.1 (37.6) 10.3 (50.5) 15.1 (59.2) 13.2 (55.8) 5.0 (41) −1.5 (29.3) −13.1 (8.4) −17.9 (−0.2) −17.9 (−0.2) Average precipitation mm (inches) 8.8 (0.346) 12.0 (0.472) 28.5 (1.122) 39.6 (1.559) 58.0 (2.283) 62.8 (2.472) 155.5 (6.122) 112.5 (4.429) 77.4 (3.047) 45.1 (1.776) 22.3 (0.878) 9.8 (0.386) 632.3 (24.892) Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 3.3 4.3 6.2 6.6 6.8 7.7 11.6 9.9 8.2 6.8 5.0 3.5 79.9 Average relative humidity (%) 61 61 63 61 62 62 78 81 75 70 66 61 66.8 Mean monthly sunshine hours 144.3 139.0 164.8 202.8 234.0 229.5 199.9 199.6 179.2 182.4 158.3 148.1 2,181.9 Percent possible sunshine 46 45 45 52 54 53 45 48 48 52 51 49 49 Source #1: China Meteorological Administration[15] Source #2: Weather China[16] Air pollution[edit] Several northern cities are among some of the most polluted cities and Zhengzhou has some of the worst air quality in China. Reporting on China's Airpocalypse has been accompanied by what seems like a monochromatic slideshow of the country's several cities smothered in thick smog. According to a survey made by "Global voices China" in February 2013, Zhengzhou is among China's 10 most polluted cities. Other cities on the blacklist includes major Chinese cities like Beijing, Jinan, Shijiazhuang, and 6 other prefectural cities all in Hebei Province.[17] According to a report by Greenpeace in 2015, Henan (the province where Zhengzhou is located) has the most severe air pollution among all the provinces in China, with an average PM2.5 concentration of 103.3μg/m3. Ranking second and third respectively are provinces of Hubei and Hebei, with PM2.5 concentrations of 99.2μg/m3 and 98.4μg/m3.[18] Zhengzhou is the fourth most polluted city air-wise in China, with PM2.5 concentration of 134.7μg/m3 (over 13 times the safe limit established by the WHO) during the first quarter of 2015. Other cities in Henan that ranked within the top 30 most polluted cities in China during the first quarter of 2015 include Xinxiang, Jiaozuo, Anyang, Pingdingshan, Zhoukou, Xuchang, Puyang, and Luoyang; all with PM2.5 concentrations above 100μg/m3.[18] This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (March 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Sister cities[edit] Saitama, Japan Cluj-Napoca, Romania Richmond, United States Jinju, South Korea Mariental, Namibia Irbid, Jordan Samara, Russia Joinville, Brazil Shumen, Bulgaria Mogilev, Belarus

Main sights[edit] Henan Museum. Pagoda Forest at Shaolin Temple. Kang Baiwan's Mansions. Mount Song. Mausoleums of the Song dynasty. Zhengzhou was the national capital of China during the Shang dynasty. Parts of the Shang-era capital city wall that were built 3,600 years ago still remain in Downtown Zhengzhou (Shangcheng Road 商城路).[11] Zhengzhou maintains abundant its cultural heritage that reflects its glorious history as well as the culture of Henan Province. Zhengzhou Confucius Temple, initially built during the Eastern Han dynasty 1900 years ago, is one of the oldest Confucian Temples in China; other important architectural heritage sites in the city include Town God Temple and Erqi Memorial Tower. The internationally known tourist attraction is the Shaolin Temple, which is more than 50 miles (80 kilometres) southwest of downtown Zhengzhou (1.5 hours by coach). The Shaolin Temple is not only known as one of China's important Buddhist shrines, but also as the ancient center of Chinese Kung-fu. Shaolin Monastery and its famed Pagoda Forest were inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2010.[19] The Henan Museum is one of China's most important museums which includes exhibits from prehistoric times, including dinosaur fossils, prehistoric human remains, up through the Modern Eras. Zhengzhou Zoo (郑州动物园) is located on Huayuan Road (花园路). The newly built Zhengzhou Botanic Garden is at the western edge of Zhengzhou city. Other attractions of Zhengzhou include the Song Mountain (Song Shan, now is a World Geopark where Shaolin Temple is located, also recognised by UNESCO) the Yellow River the birthplace of Yellow Emperor, recognized as the ancestor of Chinese people. Shaolin Monastery, a Buddhist Monastery Yu opera Zhongyuan Tower Henan Provincial Museum Peach Valley Resort Yellow River Scenic Area Mount Song Temple Mural Painting from Han Dynasty

Economy[edit] See also: Central Plains Economic Zone and Zhengdong New Area Zhengzhou, along with Xi'an, Chengdu, Chongqing and Wuhan, is one of the most important cities in inland China. It is the second largest city in central China, after Wuhan. It is the economic center of the province and the surrounding areas such as southeastern Shanxi and southwestern Shandong. Due to its strategic location in one of the most populous areas in the world (nearly 100 million people in Henan alone) and in China's railway, road and aviation transport networks, Zhengzhou is increasingly attracting domestic and international investment as well as migrants from other areas, transforming the city into one of the largest economic centers in China. In 2015, total GDP of Zhengzhou was ¥ 745 billion,[20] ranked as 18th city in China; while the GDP per capita of Zhengzhou was ¥ 78003.73 (about US$12,500),[21] ranked as 47th city in China. Agriculture[edit] By the end of 2006, Zhengzhou had a total population of over 7 million, of which 2.88 million lived in rural areas.[22] Its main products include apples, paulownia, tobacco, maize, cotton, and wheat. In addition, Zhengzhou also produces Yellow River carp, Zhengzhou watermelons, Xinzheng jujube, [Xingyang] dried persimmons, Guangwu Pomegranate and Zhongmu garlic, all of which are specialties that are rarely found outside the region. Mining and manufacturing[edit] Zhengzhou and the surrounding area have large reserves of coal and other minerals. Coal mining and electricity generation are traditionally important in the local economy. Zhengzhou has been one of the major industrial cities in The People's Republic of China since 1949. The city's staple industry is textiles. Others manufactured items include tractors, locomotives, cigarettes, fertilizer, processed meats, agricultural machinery, and electrical equipment. Some high-tech companies in new material, electronics and biotechnology are also growing rapidly during the recently years, especially in the high-tech industrial park in the northwest of the city.[citation needed] Yutong, China's largest bus producer. Shaolin Bus, a well-known small-to-medium-sized bus producer.[23] Zhengzhou Nissan, a subsidiary of Dongfeng Nissan, specializing in the manufacture of SUVs and pickup trucks. In 2010, Nissan opened its second plant in the city.[24] Zhengzhou Unique Industrial Equipment Co., Ltd., a large tractor and agricultural equipment manufacturer. Foxconn Zhengzhou, located in Zhengzhou Airport Economy Zone, is the largest smartphone production site in the world and is also known as "iPhone City".[25] Sanquan Food, a frozen food company. With over 20000 employees,Sanquan produced the first frozen dumplings and rice balls in China. Synear Food Holdings Limited, along with Sanquan Food, is one of the largest producers of frozen food in China. The market share is over 20% in China [26] Services[edit] The service industries of Zhengzhou include retail, wholesale, hospitality, finance, exhibition, transport and delivery, tourism, and education. With a number of domestic and international institutions having regional offices in the city, Zhengzhou is becoming the financial center in central China. Zhengzhou Commodity Exchange (ZCE) is one of the only three future exchanges (inc. Shanghai Futures Exchange and Dalian Commodity Exchange) in China and is becoming an important global player specialised in agricultural future exchange. Equipped with newly built facilities such as Zhengzhou International Conference and Exhibition Center. Third party logistics (3PL) in Zhengzhou has also been experiencing industrial boom during the past few years. As a transit and tourist center of Henan Province and central China, Zhengzhou is the center of Henan cuisine. Dennis, a regional retail chain. Henan Construction, a large real estate developer, which owns one of the China Super League's soccer clubs. Economic development Zones[edit] The Zhengdong New Area, also known as Zhengzhou Eastern New District(郑东新区), similar to Hangzhou Bay New Area in Ningbo and Hengqin New Area in Zhuhai, is just one of dozens of major economic zones that are currently developing in various regions of China.[27] The provincial and municipal governments established and developed Zhengdong New Area, Mr. Kisho Kurokawa, a Japanese world-renowned planner and architect, was appointed to design the overall planning scheme for Zhengdong New Area.[28] He brought in advanced ideas including ecological city, co-existing city, metabolic city and ring city ideas. The scheme won the "Prominent Award for City Planning Design" at the first session of Annual Meeting of the World Architects Alliance in 2002.[citation needed] The highest architecture in Zhengzhou is the 388-meter height Zhongyuan Tower. The highest building in Zhengzhou was the Quanxi Tower (known as the "Big Corn" for local people)in the middle of Zhengdong CBD, with the height of 280m. Currently the tallest buildings are the Greedland Group Central (Two Towers) in front of Zhengzhou East Railway station with the height of 300m. Industrial zones[edit] Zhengzhou New & Hi-Tech Industries Development Zone Zhengzhou High & New Technology Industries Development Zone was established in 1988, and approved by the state Council of PRC to be a state development zone on Mar.6,1991. It was appraised to be advanced high tech zone of China respectively in 1993, 1998 and 2002. The Zone currently covers a total area of 18.6 square kilometres (7.2 square miles). An extension plan was approved by Zhengzhou Municipal Government, the various construction work started in 2004. Under the development strategy of “multiple parks in one zone”, the Zone has been making great efforts to promote the development of software,information technologies, new materials, bio-pharmaceutical and photo-machinery-electronic industries.[29] Zhengzhou Economic and Technological Development Zone Zhengzhou Economic and Technological Development Zone was approved as state-level development zone on February 13, 2000. The zone has a developed area of 7 square kilometres (3 square miles) Industries encouraged include Electronics Assembly & Manufacturing, Telecommunications Equipment, Trading and Distribution, Biotechnology/Pharmaceuticals, Instruments & Industrial Equipment Production, Medical Equipment and Supplies, Shipping/Warehousing/Logistics and Heavy Industry.[30] Zhengzhou Export Processing Area Zhengzhou (Henan) Export Processing Zone was established on June 21, 2002 with approval by the state council. Its planned area is 2.7 square kilometres (1.0 square mile). Zone A is located in Zhengzhou National Economic & technological Development Area and began to operate on June 1, 2004. The area of land developed is 0.893 square kilometres (0.345 square miles) at present. Zone B is located in Zhengzhou Airport Area and is adjacent to Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport on the north and it covers a planned area of 5 square km with bonded logistics zone, bonded processing zone and supporting industry zone, etc.[31]

Transport[edit] Rail[edit] Zhengzhou, where the Longhai Railway (Lianyungang, Jiangsu–Lanzhou, Gansu) meets the Beijing–Guangzhou Railway, is a major national railway hub.[32] It is located on the Shijiazhuang–Wuhan High-Speed Railway and Xuzhou–Lanzhou High-Speed Railway and is easy to reach by high-speed train from Beijing (2.5 hours) Hong Kong (7 hours) and Xi'an (2 hours) and Shanghai (4 hours). The high-speed railway network provides fast train service from the city to Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing, Xi'an and Wuhan at a speed of 350 km/h (220 mph). The new high-speed Zhengzhou East Railway Station is one of the largest in Asia. Proposed high-speed railway connections between Zhengzhou and Chongqing, Jinan, Hefei, and Taiyuan are under discussion.[needs update] Zhengzhou North Railway Station (郑州北站), over 6,000 m long and over 800 m wide, has been described as Asia's largest marshalling yard[33] Highways[edit] The surrounding area of Zhengzhou, along with the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta and the Bohai Economic Rim, has the highest highway density nationwide. Zhengzhou is the center of Henan highway network that provides roughly one hour road trip to the surrounding cities of Kaifeng, Xinxiang, Xuchang, Jiaozuo and Luoyang. Other major cities within the province can be reached in 3 hours. National highway network also links Zhengzhou to all major cities in the country. China National Highway 220 Bus[edit] The first project of Zhengzhou BRT System was opened in 2009 and has 70.3 km of busway. It consists of a circle line (B1) along the Second Ring Road, another corridor on the north and west sections of the Third Ring Road (B3), and a third corridor under the Longhai Elevated (B5). Zhengzhou is the home to Yutong one of the largest bus and coach producers in Asia, because of this all the buses include the BRT system are manufactured by Yutong. The App "郑州公交查询" "郑州公交实时查询"on Apple store and the Andriod App "郑州行"[34] could be used for schedule search. Subway[edit] The Zhengzhou Metro currently has 3 lines creating a 93.7 km (58 mi) long network. The first 2 lines were approved by the National Development and Reform Commission in Feb. 2009.[35] The two projects started in 2009 and finished in 2013 and 2015 respectively.[36] As referenced in the long term plan, there are another 4 lines pending approval,[37] Line 3 and Line 4 is under construction since 2015 and will be in operation by 2020 and the construction of Line 5 and Line 6 will begin in 2020.[38] These lines will allow the rapid transit network to serve both the urban and suburban districts of Zhengzhou. Air[edit] Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport (IATA: CGO, ICAO: ZHCC) is 37 km (23 mi) southeast of the city centre. The airport was the headquarters for Henan Airlines and also a focus city of China Southern Airlines and Shenzhen Airlines. The throughput of Xinzheng International Airport in 2016 is over 20 million people.[39] It is also one of the eight air hubs nominated by the Civil Aviation Administration of China. Air Asia and Everbright Group will be using the airport as their China LCC hub along with a brand new LCC terminal, an aviation training hub and MRO facilities to complement the expected growth .

Colleges and universities[edit] Public[edit] Zhengzhou University Henan Agricultural University Henan University of Technology (formerly Zhengzhou Institute of Technology) Henan University of Finance and Economics Zhongyuan Institute of Technology Zhengzhou University of Light Industry Zhengzhou Institute of Aeronautical Industry Management North China Institute of Water Conservancy and Hydroelectric Power Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine Henan Textile University (河南纺织专科学校) Henan Normal University Military[edit] PLA Information Engineering University (中国人民解放军信息工程大学) Air Defense Force Command Academy Private[edit] Zhengzhou College of Economics Huanghe S&T University Sias International University Shengda Economics, Trade and Management College of Zhengzhou

Notable people[edit] Bai Juyi 白居易 (772–846), Tang dynasty poet widely known for his poems featuring realism. Deng Yaping 邓亚萍 (1973– ), a four-time table tennis Olympic champion who later became a businesswoman. Du Fu 杜甫 (712–770), Tang dynasty poet, born in Gongyi, now a county under the administration of Zhengzhou. Wei Wei 魏巍 (1920–2008), modern era writer, widely known in China for his works on the Chinese Volunteer army's participation of the Korean War. Hai Xia 海霞 (born 1972), Chinese news anchor for China Central Television, the main state announcer of China. Han Fei 韩非(ca. 280 BCE - 233 BCE), also known as Han Feizi, an influential political philosopher of the Warring States Period.[40] Sun Tiantian 孙甜甜 (born 1981– ), Former professional tennis player on WTA Tour and 2004 Olympic Tennis champion (women’s doubles with Li Ting) also first Chinese player to win a mixed doubles Grand Slam title at the 2008 Australian Open with Nenad Zimonjic.

Politics[edit] The current mayor is Wu Tianjun from February 2006. List of the CPC Party Chiefs of Zhengzhou: Gu Jingsheng (谷景生): October 1948-December 1948 Wu Defeng (吴德蜂): December 1948-June 1949 Zhao Wucheng (赵武成): June 1949 - April 1953 Song Zhihe (宋致和): April 1953-August 1956 Wang Lizhi (王黎之): August 1956-January 1968 Wang Hui (王辉): March 1971-January 1974 Zhang Junqing (张俊卿): January 1974-December 1977 Yu Yichuan (于一川): December 1977-December 1979 Li Baoguang (李保光): December 1979-May 1983 Jiang Jinfei (蒋靳非): May 1983-September 1984 Yao Minxue (姚敏学): September 1984-August 1987 Cao Lei (曹磊): August 1987-July 1990 Song Guochen (宋国臣): July 1990-May 1992 Zhang Deguang (张德广): May 1992-December 1995 Wang Youjie (王有杰): December 1995-June 2001 Li Ke (李克): June 2001-

See also[edit] Zhengzhou Ostrich Park Zhengzhou Shang City History of Zhengzhou List of historical capitals of China Zhengzhou Ferris Wheel Zhengzhou Foreign Language School

Notes[edit] ^ "郑州常住人口937.8万人居全省第二位". Retrieved 2016-03-13.  ^ "Illuminating China's Provinces, Municipalities and Autonomous Regions". PRC Central Government Official Website. Retrieved 2014-05-17.  ^ 郑州市情 (in Chinese). 商都网. 2009-05-25.  ^ "郑州市统计局". Retrieved 2016-02-13.  ^ a b 素芳, 焦 (18 May 2011). 郑州常住人口860多万 这是个啥概念 (in Chinese). 大河网. 河南商报. Retrieved 17 July 2015.  ^ Supersized cities: China’s 13 megalopolises ^ Liu Yue (劉岳) (2007). "Investigating the Reasons for Tang of Shang's Fortifications at Zhengzhou (商湯在鄭州筑城建都的原因追蹤)《尋根》". Xun Gen (尋根) (in Chinese). Zhengzhou Publishing. 5. ISSN 1005-5258.  ^ A H Dani (1992), Critical Assessment of Recent Evidence on Mohenjo-daro, Second International Symposium on Mohenjo-daro, 24–27 February. ^ "Henan's 3,600 Year-old Metropolis (豫现3600年前世界大都市)" (in Chinese). Henan Weiwenpo (文汇报). December 24, 2010. Retrieved February 7, 2012. [permanent dead link] ^ Zhengzhou Region Historical Records Committee Compilation (郑州市地方史志编纂委员会) (in Chinese). Zhongzhou Antiquarina Book Publishing (中州古籍出版社). 1999. ISBN 7-5348-1869-9.  ^ a b 隞都郑州与郑州小双桥遗址 (in Chinese).  ^ Epstein, Israel (2005). History Should Not Be Forgotten. China Intercontinental Press. p. 70. ISBN 978-7-5085-0694-4.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 18, 2013. Retrieved February 18, 2013.  ^ 经书威、郑州市地方史志办公室 (2002). 《郑州大辞典》. 中州古籍出版社. ISBN 978-7-5348-1822-6.  ^ 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1971-2000年) (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original on 2013-10-16.  ^ "郑州城市介绍以及气候背景分析". 中国天气网 (in Chinese). 中国气象局公共气象服务中心. Retrieved 27 July 2015.  ^ Bildner, Eli (February 27, 2013). "Interactive Maps of China's Most–and Least–Polluted Places". Global Voices China. Archived from the original on 3 September 2014. Retrieved 1 September 2014.  ^ a b "Greenpeace ranks 360 Chinese cities by PM2.5 Air Pollution". Greenpeace. 2015-03-24.  ^ China's Shaolin Temple, Danxia Landform Added To World Heritage Sites ^ "2015中国城市GDP排名出炉! 第一无悬念-新华网". Retrieved 2017-01-11.  ^ "2015年中国城市人均GDP排名TOP200座城市_中国排行网". Retrieved 2017-01-11.  ^ (in Chinese) General information of Zhengzhou Archived May 25, 2008, at the Wayback Machine., Zhengzhou Government official website. ^ Henan Shaolin Auto Co., Ltd. Archived June 22, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ ^ Barboza, David (2016-12-29). "How China Built 'iPhone City' With Billions in Perks for Apple's Partner". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-01-11.  ^ "思念食品". Retrieved 2017-01-11.  ^ "Zhengzhou New Area". Retrieved 1 Nov 2009.  ^ (in Chinese) "郑州的往世今生:50年考古确认中国第一古都" 新浪网 Sep. 22, 2005 ^ | Zhengzhou Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone ^ | Zhengzhou Economic and Technological Development Zone ^ | Zhengzhou Export Processing Area ^ "Zhengzhou, City Information of Zhengzhou, Zhengzhou Capital City of Henan Province". Retrieved 2015-05-22.  ^ 郑州北站---亚洲最大的列车编组站 Archived May 31, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. (Zhengzhou North Railway Station -- Asia's largest marshalling yard), 2016-04-08 ^ "欢迎下载手机客户端". Retrieved 2017-01-15.  ^ (in Chinese) "郑州地铁获国务院批准 每公里成本近6亿今年开工" 河南日报大河网 Feb. 13, 2009 ^ (in Chinese) "地铁未来将出现在郑州市" 中广网 Feb. 13, 2009 ^ (in Chinese) "国务院批准郑州地铁建设 6条地铁轨道线走向" 大河网 Feb. 13, 2009 ^ (in Chinese) "郑州地铁规划获国务院批准" 大河网 Feb. 13, 2009 ^ "郑州机场年旅客吞吐量首次飞越了2000万人次大关-新华网河南". Retrieved 2017-01-14.  ^ "韩非 - 郑州市人民政府". Retrieved 2015-11-10. 

External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Zhengzhou. Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Zhengzhou. 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Kunming Lanzhou Nanchang Shijiazhuang Taiyuan Xining Zhengzhou Taibei5 Autonomous regional capitals Hohhot Lhasa Nanning Ürümqi Yinchuan Comparatively large cities Anshan Baotou Benxi Datong Fushun Handan Huainan Jilin Luoyang Suzhou Tangshan Qiqihar Wuxi Xuzhou Zibo Prefecture-level cities by Province Hebei Shijiazhuang* Tangshan* Qinhuangdao2 Handan* Xingtai Baoding Zhangjiakou Chengde Cangzhou Langfang Hengshui Shanxi Taiyuan* Datong* Yangquan Changzhi Jincheng Shuozhou Jinzhong Yuncheng Xinzhou Linfen Lüliang Inner Mongolia Hohhot* Baotou* Wuhai Chifeng Tongliao Ordos Hulunbuir Bayannur Ulanqab Liaoning Shenyang* Dalian* Anshan* Fushun* Benxi* Dandong Jinzhou Yingkou Fuxin Liaoyang Panjin Tieling Chaoyang Huludao Jilin Changchun* Jilin Siping Liaoyuan Tonghua Baishan Songyuan Baicheng Heilongjiang Harbin* Qiqihar* Jixi Hegang Shuangyashan Daqing Yīchun Jiamusi Qitaihe Mudanjiang Heihe Suihua Jiangsu Nanjing* Wuxi* Xuzhou* Changzhou Suzhou* Nantong Lianyungang2 Huai'an Yancheng Yangzhou Zhenjiang Tàizhou Suqian Zhejiang Hangzhou* Ningbo* Wenzhou2 Jiaxing Huzhou Shaoxing Jinhua Quzhou Zhoushan Tāizhou Lìshui Anhui Hefei* Wuhu Bengbu Huainan* Ma'anshan Huaibei Tongling Anqing Huangshan Chuzhou Fùyang Sùzhou Lu'an Bozhou Chizhou Xuancheng Fujian Fúzhou* Xiamen* Putian Sanming Quanzhou Zhangzhou Nanping Longyan Ningde Jiangxi Nanchang* Jingdezhen Píngxiang Jiujiang Xinyu Yingtan Ganzhou Jí'ān Yíchun Fǔzhou Shangrao Shandong Jinan* Qingdao* Zibo* Zaozhuang Dongying Yantai2 Weifang Jĭning Tai'an Weihai Rizhao Laiwu Linyi Dezhou Liaocheng Binzhou Heze Henan Zhengzhou* Kaifeng Luoyang* Pingdingshan Anyang Hebi Xinxiang Jiaozuo Puyang Xuchang Luohe Sanmenxia Nanyang Shangqiu Xinyang Zhoukou Zhumadian Hubei Wuhan* Huangshi Shiyan Yichang Xiangyang Ezhou Jingmen Xiaogan Jinzhou Huanggang Xianning Suizhou Hunan Changsha* Zhuzhou Xiangtan Hengyang Shaoyang Yueyang Changde Zhangjiajie Yiyang Chenzhou Yongzhou Huaihua Loudi Guangdong Guangzhou* Shaoguan Shenzhen* Zhuhai1 Shantou1 Foshan Jiangmen Zhanjiang2 Maoming Zhaoqing Huizhou Meizhou Shanwei Heyuan Yangjiang Qingyuan Dongguan Zhongshan Chaozhou Jieyang Yunfu Guangxi Nanning* Liuzhou Guilin Wuzhou Beihai2 Fangchenggang Qinzhou Guigang Yùlin Baise Hezhou Hechi Laibin Chongzuo Hainan1 Haikou* Sanya Sansha4 Danzhou Sichuan Chengdu* Zigong Panzhihua Luzhou Deyang Mianyang Guangyuan Suining Neijiang Leshan Nanchong Meishan Yibin Guang'an Dazhou Ya'an Bazhong Ziyang Guizhou Guiyang* Liupanshui Zunyi Anshun Bijie Tongren Yunnan Kunming* Qujing Yuxi Baoshan Zhaotong Lìjiang Pu'er Lincang Tibet Lhasa* Shigatse Chamdo Nyingchi Shannan Shaanxi Xi'an* Tongchuan Baoji Xianyang Weinan Yan'an Hanzhong Yúlin Ankang Shangluo Gansu Lanzhou* Jiayuguan Jinchang Baiyin Tianshui Wuwei Zhangye Pingliang Jiuquan Qingyang Dingxi Longnan Qinghai Xining* Haidong Ningxia Yinchuan* Shizuishan Wuzhong Guyuan Zhongwei Xinjiang Ürümqi* Karamay Turpan Hami Taiwan5 (none) Other cities (partly shown below) Prefecture-level capitals (County-level) (Inner Mongolia: Ulanhot Xilinhot) Jiagedaqi3, Heilongjiang Enshi, Hubei Jishou, Hunan (Sichuan:Xichang Kangding Barkam) (Guizhou: Xingyi Kaili Duyun) (Yunnan: Chuxiong Mengzi Wenshan Jinghong Dali Mangshi Shangri-La Lushui) (Gansu: Linxia Hezuo) (Qinghai: Yushu Delingha) (Xinjiang: Changji Bole Korla Yining Artux Aksu Kashgar1 Hotan Tacheng Altay) Province-governed cities (Sub-prefecture-level) Jiyuan, Henan (Hubei: Xiantao Qiánjiang Tianmen Shennongjia) (Hainan1: Wuzhishan Qionghai Wenchang Wanning Dongfang) (Xinjiang - XPCC(Bingtuan) cities: Shihezi Aral Tumxuk Wujiaqu Beitun Tiemenguan Shuanghe Kokdala Kunyu) Former Prefecture-level cities Chaohu, Anhui Yumen,Gansu Dongchuan, Yunnan Shashi, Hubei (Sichuan: Fuling Wanxian) (Jilin: Meihekou Gongzhuling) Sub-prefecture-level cities (Prefecture-governed) Qian'an, Hebei Manzhouli, Inner Mongolia Erenhot, Inner Mongolia Golmud, Qinghai County-level cities by Province Hebei Xinji Jinzhou Xinle Zunhua Qian'an* Wu'an Nangong Shahe Zhuozhou Dingzhou Anguo Gaobeidian Botou Renqiu Huanghua Hejian Bazhou Sanhe Shenzhou Shanxi Gujiao Lucheng Gaoping Jiexiu Yongji Hejin Yuanping Houma Huozhou Xiaoyi Fenyang Inner Mongolia Holingol Manzhouli* Yakeshi Zhalantun Ergun Genhe Fengzhen Ulanhot* Arxan Erenhot* Xilinhot* Liaoning Xinmin Wafangdian Zhuanghe Haicheng Donggang Fengcheng Linghai Beizhen Gaizhou Dashiqiao Dengta Diaobingshan Kaiyuan Beipiao Lingyuan Xingcheng Jilin Yushu Dehui Jiaohe Huadian Shulan Panshi Gongzhuling Shuangliao Meihekou Ji'an Linjiang Fuyu Taonan Da'an Yanji Tumen Dunhua Hunchun Longjing Helong Heilongjiang Shangzhi Wuchang Nehe Hulin Mishan Tieli Tongjiang Fujin Fuyuan Suifenhe Hailin Ning'an Muling Dongning Bei'an Wudalianchi Anda Zhaodong Hailun Jiangsu Jiangyin Yixing Xinyi Pizhou Liyang Changshu Zhangjiagang Kunshan Taicang Qidong Rugao Haimen Dongtai Yizheng Gaoyou Danyang Yangzhong Jurong Jingjiang Taixing Xinghua Zhejiang Jiande Lin'an Yuyao Cixi Fenghua Rui'an Yueqing Haining Pinghu Tongxiang Zhuji Shengzhou Lanxi Yiwu Dongyang Yongkang Jiangshan Wenling Linhai Longquan Anhui Chaohu Jieshou Tongcheng Tianchang Mingguang Ningguo Fujian Fuqing Changle Yong'an Shishi Jinjiang Nan'an Longhai Shaowu Wuyishan Jian'ou Zhangping Fu'an Fuding Jiangxi Leping Ruichang Gongqingcheng Lushan Guixi Ruijin Jinggangshan Fengcheng Zhangshu Gao'an Dexing Shandong Zhangqiu Jiaozhou Jimo Pingdu Laixi Tengzhou Longkou Laiyang Laizhou Penglai Zhaoyuan Qixia Haiyang Qingzhou Zhucheng Shouguang Anqiu Gaomi Changyi Qufu Zoucheng Xintai Feicheng Rongcheng Rushan Laoling Yucheng Linqing Henan Gongyi Xingyang Xinmi Xinzheng Dengfeng Yanshi Wugang Ruzhou Linzhou Weihui Huixian Qinyang Mengzhou Yuzhou Changge Yima Lingbao Dengzhou Yongcheng Xiangcheng Jiyuan* Hubei Daye Danjiangkou Yidu Dangyang Zhijiang Laohekou Zaoyang Yicheng Zhongxiang Yingcheng Anlu Hanchuan Shishou Honghu Songzi Macheng Wuxue Chibi Guangshui Enshi* Lichuan Xiantao* Qianjiang* Tianmen* Hunan Liuyang Liling Xiangxiang Shaoshan Leiyang Changning Wugang Miluo Linxiang Jinshi Yuanjiang Zixing Hongjiang Lengshuijiang Lianyuan Jishou* Guangdong Lechang Nanxiong Taishan Kaiping Heshan Enping Lianjiang Leizhou Wuchuan Gaozhou Huazhou Xinyi Sihui Xingning Lufeng Yangchun Yingde Lianzhou Puning Luoding Guangxi Cenxi Dongxing Guiping Beiliu Jingxi Yizhou Heshan Pingxiang Hainan Wuzhishan* Qionghai* Wenchang* Wanning* Dongfang* Sichuan Dujiangyan Pengzhou Qionglai Chongzhou Jianyang Guanghan Shifang Mianzhu Jiangyou Emeishan Langzhong Huaying Wanyuan Barkam* Kangding* Xichang* Guizhou Qingzhen Chishui Renhuai Xingyi* Kaili* Duyun* Fuquan Yunnan Anning Xuanwei Tengchong Chuxiong* Mengzi* Gejiu Kaiyuan Mile Wenshan* Jinghong* Dali* Ruili Mangshi* Lushui* Shangri-La* Tibet (none) Shaanxi Xingping Hancheng Huayin Gansu Yumen Dunhuang Linxia* Hezuo* Qinghai Yushu* Golmud* Delingha* Ningxia Lingwu Qingtongxia Xinjiang Changji* Fukang Bole* Alashankou Korla* Aksu* Artux* Kashgar* Hotan* Yining* Kuytun Korgas Tacheng* Wusu Altay* Shihezi* Aral* Tumxuk* Wujiaqu* Beitun* Tiemenguan* Shuanghe* Kokdala* Kunyu* Taiwan5 (none) Notes * Indicates this city has already occurred above. aDirect-controlled Municipalities. bSub-provincial cities as provincial capitals. cSeparate state-planning cities. 1Special Economic Zone Cities. 2Coastal development cities. 3Prefecture capital status established by Heilongjiang Province and not recognized by Ministry of Civil Affairs. Disputed by Oroqen Autonomous Banner, Hulunbuir, Inner Mongolia as part of it. 4Only administers islands and waters in South China Sea and have no urban core comparable to typical cities in China. 5The claimed province of Taiwan no longer have any internal division announced by Ministry of Civil Affairs of PRC, due to lack of actual jurisdiction. See Template:Administrative divisions of the Republic of China instead. All provincial capitals are listed first in prefecture-level cities by province.   v t e Largest cities or towns in China Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China (2010) Rank Name Province Pop. Rank Name Province Pop. Shanghai Beijing 1 Shanghai Shanghai 20,217,700 11 Foshan Guangdong 6,771,900 Chongqing Guangzhou 2 Beijing Beijing 16,858,700 12 Nanjing Jiangsu 6,238,200 3 Chongqing Chongqing 12,389,500 13 Shenyang Liaoning 5,890,700 4 Guangzhou Guangdong 10,641,400 14 Hangzhou Zhejiang 5,849,500 5 Shenzhen Guangdong 10,358,400 15 Xi'an Shaanxi 5,399,300 6 Tianjin Tianjin 10,007,700 16 Harbin Heilongjiang 5,178,000 7 Wuhan Hubei 7,541,500 17 Dalian Liaoning 4,222,400 8 Dongguan Guangdong 7,271,300 18 Suzhou Jiangsu 4,083,900 9 Chengdu Sichuan 7,112,000 19 Qingdao Shandong 3,990,900 10 Hong Kong Hong Kong 7,055,071 20 Zhengzhou Henan 3,677,000 v t e Provincial capitals of China Changchun (Jilin) Changsha (Hunan) Chengdu (Sichuan) Fuzhou (Fujian) Guangzhou (Guangdong) Guiyang (Guizhou) Haikou (Hainan) Hangzhou (Zhejiang) Harbin (Heilongjiang) Hefei (Anhui) Hohhot (Inner Mongolia) Jinan (Shandong) Kunming (Yunnan) Lanzhou (Gansu) Lhasa (Tibet) Nanchang (Jiangxi) Nanjing (Jiangsu) Nanning (Guangxi) Shenyang (Liaoning) Shijiazhuang (Hebei) Taibei¹ (Taiwan¹) Taiyuan (Shanxi) Ürümqi (Xinjiang) Wuhan (Hubei) Xi'an (Shaanxi) Xining (Qinghai) Yinchuan (Ningxia) Zhengzhou (Henan) Note: Taiwan is claimed by the People's Republic of China but administered by the Republic of China (see Political status of Taiwan). v t e Major cities along the Yellow River Province-level subdivisions Cities (from upper reaches to lower reaches) Gansu Lanzhou Baiyin Ningxia Zhongwei Wuzhong Yinchuan Shizuishan Inner Mongolia Wuhai Ordos Bayan Nur Baotou Hohhot (boundaries of upper and middle reaches) Shanxi Xinzhou Lüliang Linfen Yuncheng Shaanxi Yulin Yan'an Weinan Henan Sanmenxia Luoyang Jiyuan Jiaozuo Zhengzhou(boundaries of middle and lower reaches) Xinxiang Kaifeng Puyang Shandong Liaocheng Tai'an Jinan Dezhou Binzhou Zibo Dongying Major cities along the Pearl River · Major cities along the Yangtze River Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 237812115 GND: 4264129-9 NDL: 00642001 Retrieved from "" Categories: ZhengzhouProvincial capitals in ChinaHidden categories: CS1 uses Chinese-language script (zh)CS1 Chinese-language sources (zh)All articles with dead external linksArticles with dead external links from December 2017Articles with permanently dead external linksArticles with Chinese-language external linksWebarchive template wayback linksArticles containing Chinese-language textCoordinates on WikidataAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from February 2012Articles with unsourced statements from January 2012Articles with unsourced statements from August 2012Articles needing additional references from March 2015All articles needing additional referencesPages using div col without cols and colwidth parametersArticles with unsourced statements from September 2011Articles with unsourced statements from July 2012Wikipedia articles in need of updating from May 2017All Wikipedia articles in need of updatingWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiers

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Zheng PrefecturePrefecture-level CityClockwise From Top Left: Erqi Memorial Tower, Emperors Yan And Huang, Dengfeng Observatory, Shaolin Monastery, Zhengzhou Exhibition Center; And Center: The Pagoda Forest At The Shaolin TempleErqi Memorial TowerEmperors Yan And HuangDengfeng ObservatoryShaolin MonasteryPagoda Forest At Shaolin TempleLocation Of Zhengzhou City; Jurisdiction In HenanZhengzhou Is Located In ChinaGeographic Coordinate SystemChinaProvinces Of The People's Republic Of ChinaHenanZhongyuan DistrictDistrict (PRC)Erqi DistrictGuancheng Hui DistrictHuiji DistrictJinshui DistrictShangjie DistrictZhongyuan DistrictCounty-level CitiesDengfengGongyiXingyangXinmiXinzhengCounty (People's Republic Of China)Zhongmu CountyPrefecture-level CityPrefecture-level CityUrban AreaRenminbiTime ZoneChina Standard TimeUTC+8Postal Code Of ChinaTelephone Numbering PlanTelephone Numbers In ChinaLicense Plate (China)Simplified Chinese CharactersTraditional Chinese CharactersZheng (state)Standard 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DistrictShangjie DistrictXingyangXinzhengDengfengXinmiGongyiZhongmu CountyJinshui DistrictErqi DistrictHuiji DistrictGuancheng Hui DistrictZhongyuan DistrictShangjie DistrictXingyangXinzhengDengfengXinmiGongyiZhongmu CountyYellow RiverLuoyangJiaozuoXinxiangKaifengXuchangPingdingshanNorth China PlainSong MountainsQin MountainsTaihang MountainsGongyiDengfengZhongmouHumid Subtropical ClimateKöppen Climate ClassificationEast Asian MonsoonSiberian HighPrecipitationRelative HumiditySunshine DurationSunshine DurationAirpocalypseBeijingJinanShijiazhuangHebeiGreenpeaceHenanHubeiHebeiWikipedia:VerifiabilityHelp:Introduction To Referencing With Wiki Markup/1Help:Maintenance Template RemovalJapanSaitama, SaitamaRomaniaCluj-NapocaUnited StatesRichmond, VirginiaSouth KoreaJinjuNamibiaMariental, NamibiaJordanIrbidRussiaSamara, RussiaBrazilJoinvilleBulgariaShumenBelarusMogilevEnlargeHenan MuseumEnlargePagoda Forest At Shaolin TempleEnlargeEnlargeMount SongEnlargeArchitecture Of The Song DynastyErqi 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EconomicsHuanghe S&T UniversitySias International UniversityShengda Economics, Trade And Management College Of ZhengzhouBai JuyiTang DynastyDeng YapingTable TennisDu FuGongyiWei Wei (male Writer)The Korean WarHai XiaHan FeiWarring States PeriodSun TiantianWTA TourLi Ting (tennis, Born 1980)2008 Australian OpenNenad ZimonjicWu TianjunCPC Party ChiefYu YichuanZhengzhou Ostrich ParkZhengzhou Shang CityHistory Of ZhengzhouHistorical Capitals Of ChinaZhengzhou Ferris WheelZhengzhou Foreign Language SchoolInternational Standard Serial NumberWikipedia:Link RotInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/7-5348-1869-9International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-7-5085-0694-4International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-7-5348-1822-6China Meteorological AdministrationWayback MachineWayback MachineInternational Standard Serial NumberWayback MachineTemplate:Henan TopicsTemplate Talk:Henan TopicsHenanList Of Current And Former Capitals Of Subnational Entities Of 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DistrictQi County, KaifengTongxu CountyWeishi CountyLankao CountyLuoyangXigong DistrictLaocheng DistrictChanhe Hui DistrictJianxi DistrictJili DistrictLuolong DistrictYanshiMengjin CountyXin'an CountyLuanchuan CountySong CountyRuyang CountyYiyang County, HenanLuoning CountyYichuan County, HenanPingdingshanXinhua District, PingdingshanWeidong DistrictZhanhe DistrictShilong DistrictWugang, HenanRuzhouBaofeng CountyYe CountyLushan County, HenanJia County, HenanAnyangBeiguan DistrictWenfeng DistrictYindu DistrictLong'an DistrictLinzhou, HenanAnyang CountyTangyin CountyHua CountyNeihuang CountyHebiQibin DistrictShancheng DistrictHeshan District, HebiXun CountyQi County, HebiXinxiangWeibin District, XinxiangHongqi DistrictFengquan DistrictMuye DistrictWeihuiHuixianXinxiang CountyHuojia CountyYuanyang County, HenanYanjin County, HenanFengqiu CountyChangyuan CountyJiaozuoJiefang DistrictShanyang DistrictZhongzhan DistrictMacun DistrictMengzhouQinyangXiuwu CountyBo'ai CountyWuzhi CountyWen County, HenanPuyangHualong DistrictQingfeng CountyNanle CountyFan CountyTaiqian CountyPuyang CountyXuchangWeidu DistrictJian'an DistrictYuzhou, HenanChanggeYanling County, HenanXiangcheng County, HenanLuoheYuanhui DistrictYancheng District, LuoheShaoling DistrictWuyang CountyLinying CountySanmenxiaHubin DistrictShanzhou DistrictYima, HenanLingbao CityMianchi CountyLushi CountyNanyang, HenanWolong DistrictWancheng DistrictDengzhouNanzhao CountyFangcheng CountyXixia CountyZhenping County, HenanNeixiang CountyXichuan CountySheqi CountyTanghe CountyXinye CountyTongbai CountyShangqiuLiangyuan DistrictSuiyang DistrictYongchengYucheng CountyMinquan CountyNingling CountySui County, HenanXiayi CountyZhecheng CountyXinyangShihe DistrictPingqiao DistrictXi County, HenanHuaibin CountyHuangchuan CountyGuangshan CountyGushi CountyShangcheng CountyLuoshan CountyXin CountyZhoukouChuanhui DistrictXiangcheng CityFugou CountyXihua CountyShangshui CountyTaikang CountyLuyi CountyDancheng CountyHuaiyang CountyShenqiu CountyZhumadianYicheng District, ZhumadianQueshan CountyBiyang CountySuiping CountyXiping CountyShangcai CountyRunan CountyPingyu CountyXincai CountyZhengyang CountySub-prefecture-level CityJiyuanTemplate:Metropolitan Cities Of ChinaTemplate Talk:Metropolitan Cities Of ChinaList Of Cities In China By PopulationMetropolitan Regions Of ChinaJingjinjiPearl River DeltaYangtze River DeltaNational Central CityBeijingChongqingGuangzhouShanghaiTianjinSpecial Administrative RegionHong KongMacauNational Central CityChengduNanjingShenyangShenzhenWuhanXi'anSub-provincial City In The People's Republic Of ChinaChangchunChengduDalianGuangzhouHangzhouHarbinJinanNanjingNingboQingdaoShenyangShenzhenWuhanXi'anXiamenPrefecture-level CitiesChangshaFuzhouGuiyangHaikouHefeiKunmingLanzhouNanchangShijiazhuangTaiyuanXiningTaipeiHohhotLhasa (prefecture-level City)NanningÜrümqiYinchuanAnshan, ChinaBaotouBenxiDatongFushunHandanHuainanJilin 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