Contents 1 Early life 2 Early political career 3 Terms in U.S. Congress 4 California political involvement 5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links


Early life[edit] Born Perle Yvonne Watson on October 5, 1932, in Los Angeles to James A. Watson and the former Lola Moore.[6][7] She married William A. Burke in Los Angeles on June 14, 1972. Their daughter Autumn Burke was born on November 23, 1973.[6][7][8] Burke attended the University of California, Berkeley from c. 1949 to 1951 before receiving a bachelor's degree in political science from the University of California, Los Angeles in 1953.[9] She subsequently earned a J.D. from the University of Southern California Law School in 1956.[10]


Early political career[edit] Prior to representing the 2nd District, Burke served as Vice-Chairperson of the 1972 Democratic National Convention[11] (she was the first African-American to hold that position), represented the 4th District (1979–80), was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives initially representing portions of Los Angeles (1973–79), and was a member of the California State Assembly representing Los Angeles' 63rd District (1966–1972). Many of her early legislative efforts centered around juvenile issues and limiting garnishment of wages. A lot of what she achieved influenced her to convince others to run after their dream, so she went to children's hospitals and encouraged some of the children to never give up. She said: "No matter what is in your way never give up and chase after your dream, with no interference of discouragement."


Terms in U.S. Congress[edit] Yvonne Brathwaite Burke During her tenure in Congress, she served on the House Select Committee on Assassinations and the House Committee on Appropriations; during her tenure on the Appropriations Committee, she fought for increased funding to aid local jurisdictions to comply with desegregation mandates [11] In 1973, with the birth of her daughter Autumn, Burke became the first member of Congress to give birth while in office and the first to be granted maternity leave by the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives.[1][11] She did not seek re-election to Congress in 1978 but instead ran for Attorney General of California. She won the Democratic nomination over Los Angeles City Attorney Burt Pines but was defeated in the general election by Republican State Senator George Deukmejian.


California political involvement[edit] In 1979, shortly after leaving Congress, Governor Jerry Brown appointed her to the Board of Regents of the University of California; but she resigned later that year when Governor Brown appointed her to fill a vacancy on the L.A. County Board of Supervisors. Burke was the first female and first African-American supervisor. Her district, however, was largely made up of affluent, conservative white areas on the coast. In 1980, Burke was defeated in her bid for a full term in the seat by Republican Deane Dana. In 1982, Brown again appointed her to the Regents. In 1992, Burke ran for the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors. After a hard-fought campaign that often turned negative, Burke defeated State Senator Diane Watson. In 2007, she announced that she would retire when her term expired in 2008. On July 27, 2007, the Los Angeles Times published a front-page story revealing Burke was not living in the mostly low-income district she represented, but rather in the wealthy Brentwood neighborhood, an apparent violation of state law.[12] Burke responded that she was living at her Brentwood mansion because the townhouse she listed in official political filings was being remodeled.[13]


See also[edit] Women in the United States House of Representatives List of African-American United States Representatives


References[edit] ^ a b "BURKE, Yvonne Brathwaite | US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives". history.house.gov. Retrieved 2016-05-04.  ^ "Yvonne Brathwaite Burke | Bedrosian Center | USC". bedrosian.usc.edu. Retrieved 2016-05-04.  ^ "Dr. William A. Burke". www.aqmd.gov. Retrieved 2016-05-04.  ^ "President Obama Announces More Key Administration Posts". White House Office of the Press Secretary. 29 March 2012.  ^ Merl, Jean (29 March 2012). "Obama Nominates Yvonne Burke to Amtrak Post". Los Angeles Times.  ^ a b Phelps, Shirelle (editor) (1998). Who's Who Among African Americans (11th Edition). Detroit, Michigan, London: Gale Research. p. 178. ISBN 0-7876-2469-1. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ a b "California Birth Index 1905-1995 [database on-line]". United States: The Generations Network. 2005. Retrieved 2009-08-04.  ^ "California Marriage Index 1960-1985 [database on-line]". United States: The Generations Network. 2005. Retrieved 2009-08-04.  ^ https://alumni.ucla.edu/awards/yvonne-brathwaite-burke-53/ ^ "BURKE, Yvonne Brathwaite - Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov. Retrieved 2016-05-04.  ^ a b c "Women in Government: A Slim Past, But a Strong Future". Ebony: 89–92, 96–98. August 1977.  ^ Leonard, Jack, and Lait, Matt. Burke has residence far removed from her constituency. Los Angeles Times, July 27, 2007. ^ Prince, Richard. L.A. Times Stakes Out Politician's Digs. Richard Prince's Journal-isms, July 27, 2007.


Further reading[edit] Yvonne Brathwaite Burke, Africana: The Encyclopedia. Ebony, (September, 1967). "Women Who Make State Laws": p27-34. Gray, Pamela Lee. "Yvonne Brathwaite Burke: The Congressional Career of California's First Black Congresswoman, 1972–1978." Ph.D. diss., University of Southern California, 1987.


External links[edit] United States Congress. "Yvonne Brathwaite Burke (id: B001102)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.  Yvonne Burke's oral history video excerpts at The National Visionary Leadership Project Appearances on C-SPAN California Assembly Preceded by Don Allen Member of the California Assembly from the 63rd district 1967–1973 Succeeded by Julian Dixon U.S. House of Representatives Preceded by Lionel Van Deerlin Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California's 37th congressional district 1973–1975 Succeeded by Jerry Pettis Preceded by Alphonzo Bell Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California's 28th congressional district 1975–1979 Succeeded by Julian Dixon Preceded by Martha Griffiths Chair of the House Beauty Shop Committee 1975–1979 Position abolished Preceded by Charles Rangel Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus 1976–1977 Succeeded by Parren Mitchell Political offices Preceded by James Hayes Member of the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors from the 2nd district 1979–1980 Succeeded by Deane Dana Preceded by Kenneth Hahn Member of the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors from the 2nd district 1992–2008 Succeeded by Mark Ridley-Thomas v t e Chairs of the Congressional Black Caucus Diggs Stokes Rangel Burke Mitchell Collins Fauntroy Dixon Leland Dymally Dellums Towns Mfume Payne Waters Clyburn Johnson Cummings Watt Kilpatrick Lee Cleaver Fudge Butterfield Richmond Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 23828879 LCCN: n94054989 US Congress: B001102 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Yvonne_Brathwaite_Burke&oldid=827145621" Categories: 1932 birthsAfrican-American members of the United States House of RepresentativesAfrican-American state legislators in CaliforniaAfrican-American women in politicsCalifornia DemocratsDemocratic Party members of the United States House of RepresentativesFemale members of the United States House of RepresentativesLiving peopleLos Angeles County Board of SupervisorsMembers of the California State AssemblyMembers of the United States House of Representatives from CaliforniaPeople from Brentwood, Los AngelesPeople from South Los AngelesUniversity of California, Los Angeles alumniUniversity of Southern California Law School alumniWomen state legislators in CaliforniaHidden categories: CS1 maint: Extra text: authors listWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiers


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AmtrakIncumbentBarack ObamaLos Angeles County Board Of SupervisorsKenneth HahnMark Ridley-ThomasLos Angeles County Board Of SupervisorsJames A. HayesDeane DanaUnited States House Of RepresentativesCaliforniaCalifornia's 28th Congressional DistrictAlphonzo E. Bell, Jr.Julian C. DixonUnited States House Of RepresentativesCaliforniaCalifornia's 37th Congressional DistrictLionel Van DeerlinJerry PettisCalifornia State AssemblyCalifornia's 63rd State Assembly DistrictDon A. AllenJulian C. DixonLos AngelesCaliforniaDemocratic Party (United States)Autumn BurkeUniversity Of California, BerkeleyUniversity Of California, Los AngelesBachelor Of ArtsUniversity Of Southern CaliforniaJuris DoctorLos Angeles, CaliforniaWest Coast Of The United StatesLos Angeles County Board Of SupervisorsLos Angeles MarathonMark Ridley-ThomasBarack ObamaAmtrakLos Angeles, CaliforniaAutumn BurkeUniversity Of California, BerkeleyUniversity Of California, Los AngelesJuris DoctorUniversity Of Southern California Law School1972 Democratic National ConventionUnited States House Of RepresentativesCalifornia State AssemblyEnlargeHouse Select Committee On AssassinationsHouse Committee On AppropriationsSpeaker Of The United States House Of RepresentativesAttorney General Of CaliforniaLos Angeles City AttorneyBurt PinesGeorge DeukmejianJerry BrownRegents Of The University Of CaliforniaDiane WatsonLos Angeles TimesBrentwood, Los Angeles, CaliforniaWomen In The United States House Of RepresentativesList Of African-American United States RepresentativesDetroit, MichiganLondonInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-7876-2469-1Category:CS1 Maint: Extra Text: Authors ListLos Angeles TimesBiographical Directory Of The United States CongressC-SPANCalifornia State AssemblyDon A. AllenCalifornia State AssemblyCalifornia's 63rd State Assembly DistrictJulian C. DixonUnited States House Of RepresentativesLionel Van DeerlinList Of United States Representatives From CaliforniaCalifornia's 37th Congressional DistrictJerry PettisAlphonzo E. Bell, Jr.List Of United States Representatives From CaliforniaCalifornia's 28th Congressional DistrictJulian C. DixonMartha GriffithsCharles RangelCongressional Black CaucusParren MitchellJames A. HayesLos Angeles County Board Of SupervisorsDeane DanaKenneth HahnLos Angeles County Board Of SupervisorsMark Ridley-ThomasTemplate:CBC ChairsTemplate Talk:CBC ChairsCongressional Black CaucusCharles DiggsLouis StokesCharles RangelParren MitchellCardiss CollinsWalter E. FauntroyJulian DixonMickey LelandMervyn DymallyRon DellumsEdolphus TownsKweisi MfumeDonald M. PayneMaxine WatersJim ClyburnEddie Bernice JohnsonElijah CummingsMel WattCarolyn Cheeks KilpatrickBarbara LeeEmanuel CleaverMarcia FudgeG. K. ButterfieldCedric RichmondHelp:Authority ControlVirtual International Authority FileLibrary Of Congress Control NumberBiographical Directory Of The United States CongressHelp:CategoryCategory:1932 BirthsCategory:African-American Members Of The United States House Of RepresentativesCategory:African-American State Legislators In CaliforniaCategory:African-American Women In PoliticsCategory:California DemocratsCategory:Democratic Party Members Of The United States House Of RepresentativesCategory:Female Members Of The United States House Of RepresentativesCategory:Living PeopleCategory:Los Angeles County Board Of SupervisorsCategory:Members Of The California State AssemblyCategory:Members Of The United States House Of Representatives From CaliforniaCategory:People From Brentwood, Los AngelesCategory:People From South Los AngelesCategory:University Of California, Los Angeles AlumniCategory:University Of Southern California Law School AlumniCategory:Women State Legislators In CaliforniaCategory:CS1 Maint: Extra Text: Authors ListCategory:Wikipedia Articles With VIAF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With LCCN IdentifiersDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer



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