Contents 1 History 1.1 Original run 1.2 Revival 1.3 Format 1.4 Changes at CBS 1.5 The end 2 Actors who portrayed Johnny Dollar 3 Related 4 References 5 Further reading 6 External links

History[edit] See also: List of Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar episodes Original run[edit] As originally conceived, Johnny Dollar was a smart, tough, wisecracking detective who tossed silver-dollar tips to waiters and bellhops. Dick Powell starred in the audition show,[2] recorded in 1948, but withdrew from the role in favor of other projects. The role went instead to Charles Russell.[4] The show, for which Powell auditioned, was originally titled "Yours Truly, Lloyd London," although the name of the show and its lead character were apparently changed before the audition tape of December 7, 1948, was actually recorded.[5] With the first three actors to play Johnny Dollar — radio actor Russell and movie tough-guy actors Edmond O'Brien and John Lund — there was little to distinguish Johnny Dollar from other detective series at the time (Richard Diamond, Philip Marlowe and Sam Spade). While always a friend of the police, Johnny wasn't necessarily a stickler for the strictest interpretation of the law. He was willing to let some things slide to satisfy his own sense of justice, as long as the interests of his employer were also protected. The series ended in September 1954. Revival[edit] CBS Radio revived Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar in October 1955 with a new leading man, a new director, and a new format. The program changed from a 30-minute, one-episode-per-week program to a 15-minute, five-nights-a-week serial[2] (Monday through Friday, 8-8:15pm EST) produced and directed by radio veteran Jack Johnstone. The new Johnny Dollar was Bob Bailey, who had just come off another network detective series, Let George Do It. With a new lead and 75 minutes of air time each week, it became possible to develop each storyline with more detail and with more characters. Almost all of the Johnny Dollar serials were presented by CBS Radio on a sustaining basis (unsponsored, with no commercials); only two of the 55 serials take time out for a sponsor's message. Bob Bailey was exceptionally good in this format, making Johnny more sensitive and thoughtful in addition to his other attributes. Vintage-radio enthusiasts often endorse Bailey as the best of the Johnny Dollars, and consider the 13-month run of five-part stories to be some of the greatest drama in radio history.[6] The serial scripts were usually written by Jack Johnstone, "John Dawson" (a pseudonym for E. Jack Neuman), Les Crutchfield, or Robert Ryf, Blake Edwards also contributed several scripts and the show was always produced and directed by Johnstone. The show featured an excellent stock company of supporting actors, including Virginia Gregg, Harry Bartell, Vic Perrin, Lawrence Dobkin, Stacy Harris, Parley Baer, Howard McNear, John Dehner, Barney Phillips, Lillian Buyeff, Tony Barrett, Don Diamond, Alan Reed, and Forrest Lewis. Movie character actors appeared occasionally, including Jay Novello, Hans Conried, Frank Nelson, Leon Belasco, William Conrad, Edgar Barrier, Gloria Blondell, and Billy Halop. In late 1956, CBS Radio retooled the show, which reverted to a weekly half-hour drama, airing on late Sunday afternoons. Bob Bailey continued in the leading role until 1960 (and wrote one episode, "The Carmen Kringle Matter"). Roy Rowan was the announcer. He also was an announcer on CBS's I Love Lucy. Format[edit] Each story of the Bailey years started with a phone call from an insurance executive, calling on Johnny to investigate an unusual claim. Each story required Johnny to travel to some distant locale, usually within the United States but sometimes abroad, where he was almost always threatened with personal danger in the course of his investigations. Johnny's file on each case was usually referenced as a "matter," as in "The Silver Blue Matter" or "The Forbes Matter". Later episodes were more fanciful, with titles like "The Wayward Trout Matter" and "The Price of Fame Matter" (the latter featuring a rare guest-star appearance by Vincent Price as himself). Johnny usually stuck to business, but would sometimes engage in romantic dalliances with women he encountered in his travels; later episodes gave Johnny a steady girlfriend, Betty Lewis. Johnny's precious recreational time was usually spent fishing, and it was not uncommon for Johnny's clients to exploit this favorite pastime in convincing him to take on a job near good fishing locations. His past was rarely mentioned, but Dollar in one episode described himself as a four-year US Navy veteran who then worked as a police officer for a decade before changing careers to insurance investigation.[7] Each story was recounted in flashback, as Johnny listed each line item from his expense account. The episodes generally finished with Johnny tallying up his account and traveling back to Hartford, Connecticut, where he was based. Most of the expense account related to transportation, lodging, and meals and served to transition between scenes, but no incidental expense was too small for Johnny to itemize, as in "Item nine, 10 cents. Aspirin. I needed them." The monetary amounts weren't always literal: the smallest line item Johnny ever recorded was "two cents: what I felt like" after a professional setback; the largest was "one million dollars" (the way he felt after finding a missing woman and her daughter in a snowbound cabin). Each episode would end with Johnny submitting his grand total of miscellaneous expenses. Sometimes Johnny would add a sardonic postscript under "Remarks," detailing the aftermath of the case. (One case that especially disgusted Johnny ended abruptly with "Remarks — nil!") In later seasons the program sometimes referred to itself, with other characters recognizing Dollar's voice from the radio. Changes at CBS[edit] In 1960, CBS Radio shut down production on the west coast and moved its radio drama unit to New York. Bob Bailey, unwilling to relocate, gave up the Johnny Dollar role. Bailey's last performance was in a script significantly[editorializing] titled "The Empty Threat Matter". This may have been[weasel words] writer Johnstone's editorial comment on CBS's intention to close the shop in California.[original research?] In New York, CBS staff producer Bruno Zirato, Jr. (who also directed TV game shows for CBS) took over Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar, although Jack Johnstone continued to write the scripts. Former child actor Bob Readick took over the leading role in a manner reminiscent of the original Dollar, Charles Russell. After six months he was replaced by Mandel Kramer, who gave the role his own low-key interpretation. Many fans[who?] rank Kramer second only to Bailey as the most effective Johnny Dollar. Both Readick and Kramer were members of CBS's stock company in New York, and both appeared in other CBS dramas. The end[edit] The final episodes of Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar and Suspense, airing on CBS, are often cited as the end of the golden age of radio.[8] The last episode of Johnny Dollar, "The Tip-Off Matter", ended at 6:35 p.m. Eastern Time on September 30, 1962, followed immediately by the final broadcast of Suspense. Although network radio drama returned to the airwaves — in ABC's Theater Five (1964–65), and CBS Radio Mystery Theater (1974–82) — these were more experimental "drama workshop" shows, and did not adhere to a continuing format or leading character, albeit the latter did spark a bit of a revival of drama on US commercial radio networks in the 1970s. The "Golden Age" of radio drama, as pioneered in the 1920s, died with Johnny Dollar in 1962. Two unsuccessful attempts were made to transfer the success of Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar to television. Bob Bailey starred in a 1958 pilot entitled The Adventures of Johnny Dollar and William Bryant starred in a 1962 pilot entitled Johnny Dollar. The latter was written, produced, and directed by Blake Edwards.[9]

Actors who portrayed Johnny Dollar[edit] Dick Powell (Audition show in 1948) Charles Russell (February 1949 - January 1950) Edmond O'Brien (February 1950 - September 1952) John Lund (November 1952 - September 1954) Gerald Mohr (Audition show in 1955) Bob Bailey (October 1955 - November 1960) Bob Readick (December 1960 - June 1961) Mandel Kramer (June 1961 - September 1962)

Related[edit] Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar was so familiar to CBS Radio's listeners that the network's resident comedians, Bob and Ray, occasionally satirized it. Their version, "Ace Willoughby, International Detective," followed the Johnny Dollar format of exotic locales, continental officials, cool villains, and tense confrontations, with Ray Goulding doing a letter-perfect imitation of Bob Bailey's delivery. In the comedy version, however, the detective usually gave up on the case after being beaten up incessantly. Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar was a popular weekly radio mystery play in the 1960s and early 1970s on Radio Iran. The role of Johnny Dollar was played by Heidar Saremi, a popular radio performer. Contrary to the original, Johnny Dollar was more of a criminal investigator. At the end of each episode, the narrator asked the radio audience how Johnny found the perpetrators, making the show a mystery quiz as well as a drama; those who guessed correctly were entered into a raffle for a prize. In the 1970s and 1980s the comedy troupe The Firesign Theatre released a number of satirical record albums; several featured spoofs of old-time radio featuring the character Nick Danger, Third Eye, who was loosely based on Sam Spade and Johnny Dollar. The scripts included inside references to radio with lines such as, "It had been snowing in Santa Barbara ever since the top of the page," and riffs on radio sound effects. In 2003, Moonstone Books adapted the Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar radio program into a graphic novel illustrated by Éric Thériault and written by David Gallaher. As of August 2015, a documentary about the program,The Real Johnny Dollar Matter, is in production.[10]

References[edit] ^ Programs on the Air. New York Times. 18 February 1949. Listed as "Premiere". ^ a b c Sterling, Christopher H.; O'Dell, Cary (2010). The Concise Encyclopedia of American Radio. Routledge. p. 891. ISBN 9781135176846. Retrieved 31 August 2016.  ^ Cox, Jim (2009). American Radio Networks: A History. McFarland. p. 164. ISBN 9780786454242. Retrieved 31 August 2016.  ^ "More Mystery". The Kokomo Tribune. Indiana, Kokomo. February 15, 1949. p. 22. Retrieved August 30, 2016 – via  ^ Internet Archive repository of playable single episodes, including the audition episode ^ Dunning, John. On The Air: The Encyclopedia of Old-Time Radio. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.] ISBN 0-19-507678-8 ^ Episode 4 of "The Bennett Matter", broadcast February 23, 1956 ^ Radio historian Art Chimes, in an NPR Commentary on the 40th anniversary of those final broadcasts, includes a very brief excerpt from the final Johnny Dollar episode. ^ Terrace, Vincent (2013). Encyclopedia of Television Pilots, 1937-2012. McFarland. p. 149. ISBN 9780786474455. Retrieved 31 August 2016.  ^

Further reading[edit] Ohmart, Ben. It's That Time Again (2002) (Albany: BearManor Media) ISBN 0-9714570-2-6

External links[edit] "Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar Website" Jim Widner: "Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar: An Introduction" Debut Episode of Yours Truly Johnny Dollar Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar in The Internet Archive's Old-Time Radio Collection Thrilling Detective website: Johnny Dollar Listen to Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar on Outlaws Old Time Radio Corner Retrieved from ",_Johnny_Dollar&oldid=811643091" Categories: 1949 radio dramas1949 radio programme debuts1962 radio programme endingsAmerican radio dramasFictional private investigators1940s American radio programs1950s American radio programs1960s American radio programsCBS Radio programsDetective radio programsHidden categories: Articles needing additional references from December 2010All articles needing additional referencesArticles that may contain original research from December 2010All articles that may contain original researchArticles lacking in-text citations from December 2010All articles lacking in-text citationsArticles with multiple maintenance issuesAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from August 2016All articles with minor POV problemsArticles with minor POV problems from March 2016All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrasesArticles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from March 2016Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from December 2010

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Johnny Dollar (musician)Talk:Yours Truly, Johnny DollarHelp:Maintenance Template RemovalWikipedia:VerifiabilityHelp:Introduction To Referencing With Wiki Markup/1Help:Maintenance Template RemovalWikipedia:No Original ResearchWikipedia:VerifiabilityWikipedia:Citing SourcesHelp:Maintenance Template RemovalWikipedia:Citing SourcesWikipedia:Citing SourcesWikipedia:WikiProject Fact And Reference CheckWikipedia:When To CiteHelp:Maintenance Template RemovalHelp:Maintenance Template RemovalRadio DramaCBS RadioPrivate InvestigatorBob Bailey (actor)Insurance InvestigationsWikipedia:Citation NeededList Of Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar EpisodesDick PowellCharles Russell (actor)Edmond O'BrienJohn Lund (actor)Richard Diamond, Private DetectivePhilip MarloweThe Adventures Of Sam SpadeBob Bailey (actor)Let George Do It (radio)Blake EdwardsVirginia GreggHarry BartellVic PerrinLawrence DobkinStacy HarrisParley BaerHoward McNearJohn DehnerBarney PhillipsAlan ReedJay NovelloHans ConriedFrank Nelson (actor)William ConradGloria BlondellBilly HalopI Love LucyVincent PriceHartford, ConnecticutWikipedia:Manual Of Style (words To Watch)Wikipedia:Avoid Weasel WordsWikipedia:No Original ResearchWikipedia:Manual Of Style/Words To WatchSuspense (radio Program)CBSGolden Age Of RadioNorth American Eastern Time ZoneCBS Radio Mystery TheaterDick PowellCharles Russell (actor)Edmond O'BrienJohn Lund (actor)Gerald MohrBob Bailey (actor)Bob And RayRay GouldingNational Iranian Radio & TelevisionThe Firesign TheatreMoonstone BooksÉric ThériaultDavid GallaherInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9781135176846International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780786454242Newspapers.comOpen Access Publication – Free To ReadInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-19-507678-8International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780786474455International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-9714570-2-6Internet ArchiveOld-time RadioHelp:CategoryCategory:1949 Radio DramasCategory:1949 Radio Programme DebutsCategory:1962 Radio Programme EndingsCategory:American Radio DramasCategory:Fictional Private InvestigatorsCategory:1940s American Radio ProgramsCategory:1950s American Radio ProgramsCategory:1960s American Radio ProgramsCategory:CBS Radio ProgramsCategory:Detective Radio ProgramsCategory:Articles Needing Additional References From December 2010Category:All Articles Needing Additional ReferencesCategory:Articles That May Contain Original Research From December 2010Category:All Articles That May Contain Original ResearchCategory:Articles Lacking In-text Citations From December 2010Category:All Articles Lacking In-text CitationsCategory:Articles With Multiple Maintenance IssuesCategory:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From August 2016Category:All Articles With Minor POV ProblemsCategory:Articles With Minor POV Problems From March 2016Category:All Articles With Specifically Marked Weasel-worded PhrasesCategory:Articles With Specifically Marked Weasel-worded Phrases From March 2016Category:Articles With Specifically Marked Weasel-worded Phrases From December 2010Discussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

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