Biography[edit] White was born in Devonport and became an apprentice at the naval dockyard there in 1859. In 1863 he obtained a scholarship to enter the newly formed Royal School of Naval Architecture in South Kensington, in London. After his apprenticeship he worked for the Admiralty on specifications and calculations for new ships, and became secretary to the then Chief Constructor of the Admiralty, Edward Reed, until the latter's resignation on 9 July 1870. He was then appointed instructor on naval design at the Royal School of Naval Architecture, and in 1872 became secretary of the Council of Construction which oversaw all Royal Navy ship construction. From 1872–1873 he worked at Pembroke and Portsmouth Dockyards. In March 1875 he was promoted to Assistant Constructor and married later in that year. He also published his A Manual of Naval Architecture. For the use of Officers of the Royal Navy, Shipbuilders. He resigned from the Admiralty in April 1883 and joined Sir William Armstrong's company as designer and manager of their warship construction. He returned to the Admiralty as Director of Naval Construction and Assistant Controller of the Navy on 1 August 1885. He was immediately involved in a reorganisation of the dockyards and technical departments, and later worked on the design of the revolutionary Royal Sovereign-class battleships. He was knighted in 1895. He suffered a nervous breakdown in 1901 following criticism in Parliament for the near-capsizing of the Royal Yacht, the Victoria and Albert III, which had happened when she was floated out of the graving dock where she was being fitted out on 3 July 1900. The cause was around 700 tons of excessive weight above the centre of gravity of the ship, in particular a large amount of cement sound-proofing around the Royal apartments. Consequently, the metacentric height was reduced from a stable 2 feet to a very unsafe 3 inches. Although it exonerated him from direct responsibility, the Admiralty blamed him for "not sufficiently impressing upon your subordinates the novelty and importance of the task entrusted to them". He submitted his last design for a battleship, the King Edward VII class, in April 1901, but he was ill and constantly worried about trivial matters, unable to delegate even the most minor decision. He requested early retirement and left the Admiralty on 31 January 1902. In the 16 years that he was head of naval construction, he bore ultimate responsibility for the design of 43 battleships, 26 armoured cruisers, 102 protected cruisers and 74 unarmoured warships, a total of 245 ships[1] worth (in 1900) £80 million. Following his retirement, he was a consulting architect in the design of the Cunard liner RMS Mauretania and president of the Institution of Civil Engineers, the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, and the Institution of Marine Engineers. He was also Chairman of the Council, Royal Society of Arts from 1909–1910 and governor of Imperial College from 1907 until his death from a stroke in 1913. White was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in June 1888[2] He was conferred with Honorary Membership of the Institution of Engineers and Shipbuilders in Scotland in 1894.[1] He was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1900. Portrait of William Henry White, executed by William Mainwaring Palin in 1902

References[edit] ^ Buxton, Johnston, Ian, Ian (2013). The Battleship Builders Constructing And Arming British Capital Ships (First ed.). Barnsley, Yorkshire: Seaforth Publishing. p. 103. ISBN 978-1-84832-093-2.  ^ "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 30 October 2010. [permanent dead link]

Further reading[edit] Moseley, Brian (February 2011). "Sir William White". The Encyclopaedia of Plymouth History. Plymouth Data. Archived from the original on 14 April 2012. Retrieved 15 February 2015.  – a potted biography Brown, D. K. (1983). A Century of Naval Construction. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-282-X.  Professional and academic associations Preceded by Samuel W. Johnson President of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers 1899–1900 Succeeded by William Henry Maw Preceded by John Clarke Hawkshaw President of the Institution of Civil Engineers November 1903 – November 1904 Succeeded by Guilford Lindsey Molesworth Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 42618743 LCCN: nb2006011744 ISNI: 0000 0000 8121 7797 GND: 117574759 SUDOC: 153036397 SNAC: w6jn235k v t e John Fritz Medal 1902–1924 1902 : John Fritz 1903 : No award 1904 : No award 1905 : Lord Kelvin 1906 : George Westinghouse 1907 : Alexander Graham Bell 1908 : Thomas Alva Edison 1909 : Charles Talbot Porter 1910 : Alfred Noble 1911 : Sir William Henry White 1912 : Robert Woolston Hunt 1913 : No award 1914 : John Edson Sweet 1915 : James Douglas 1916 : Elihu Thomson 1917 : Henry Marion Howe 1918 : J. Waldo Smith 1919 : Gen. George W. Goethals 1920 : Orville Wright 1921 : Sir Robert Hadfield 1922 : Charles P. E. Schneider 1923 : Guglielmo Marconi 1924 : Ambrose Swasey 1925–1949 1925 : John Frank Stevens 1926 : Edward Dean Adams 1927 : Elmer Ambrose Sperry 1928 : John Joseph Carty 1929 : Herbert Clark Hoover 1930 : Ralph Modjeski 1931 : David Watson Taylor 1932 : Mihajlo Idvorski Pupin 1933 : Daniel Cowan Jackling 1934 : John Ripley Freeman (posthumous ) 1935 : Frank Julian Sprague (posthumous) 1936 : William Frederick Durand 1937 : Arthur Newell Talbot 1938 : Paul Dyer Merica 1939 : Frank Baldwin Jewett 1940 : Clarence Floyd Hirshfeld (posthumous) 1941 : Ralph Budd 1942 : Everette Lee DeGolyer 1943 : Willis Rodney Whitney 1944 : Charles F. Kettering 1945 : John Lucian Savage 1946 : Zay Jeffries 1947 : Lewis Warrington Chubb 1948 : Theodore von Karman 1949 : Charles Metcalf Allen 1950–1974 1950 : Walter H. Aldridge 1951 : Vannevar Bush 1952 : Ervin George Bailey 1953 : Benjamin F. Fairless 1954 : William Embry Wrather 1955 : Harry Alonzo Winne 1956 : Philip Sporn 1957 : Ben Moreell 1958 : John R. Suman 1959 : Mervin J. Kelly 1960 : Gwilyn A. Price 1961 : Stephen D. Bechtel 1962 : Crawford H. Greenewalt 1963 : Hugh L. Dryden 1964 : Lucius D. Clay 1965 : Frederick Kappel 1966 : Warren K. Lewis 1967 : Walker L. Cisler 1968 : Igor Ivan Sikorsky 1969 : Michael Lawrence Haider 1970 : Glenn B. Warren 1971 : Patrick E. Haggerty 1972 : William Webster 1973 : Lyman Wilber 1974 : H. I. Romnes 1975–1999 1975 : Manson Benedict 1976 : Thomas O. Paine 1977 : George R. Brown 1978 : Robert G. Heitz 1979 : Nathan M. Newmark 1980 : T. Louis Austin, Jr. 1981 : Ian MacGregor 1982 : David Packard 1983 : Claude Elwood Shannon 1984 : Kenneth A. Roe 1985 : Daniel C. Drucker 1986 : Simon Ramo 1987 : Ralph Landau 1988 : Ralph B. Peck 1989 : Robert N. Noyce 1990 : Gordon A. Cain 1991 : Hunter Rouse 1992 : Serge Gratch 1993 : Gordon E. Moore 1994 : Hoyt C. Hottel 1995 : Lynn S. Beedle 1996 : George N. Hatsopoulos 1997 : Arthur E. Humphrey 1998 : Ivan A. Getting 1999 : George H. Heilmeier 2000– 2000 : John W. Fisher 2001 : Paul C. W. Chu 2002 : Daniel S. Goldin 2003 : Robert S. Langer 2004 : John A. Swanson 2005 : George Tamaro 2006 : No award 2007 : Gavriel Salvendy 2008 : Kristina M. Johnson 2009 : Yvonne Claeys Brill 2010 : Gerald J. Posakony 2011 : Andrew J. Viterbi 2012 : Leslie E. Robertson 2013 : Gregory Stephanopoulos 2014 : Julia Weertman 2015 : Jon D. Magnusson 2017 : Frank Kreith Retrieved from "" Categories: 1845 births1913 deathsEnglish engineersRoyal NavyNaval architectsPeople associated with Imperial College LondonPresidents of the Institution of Civil EngineersPresidents of the Smeatonian Society of Civil EngineersMembers of the Royal Swedish Academy of SciencesFellows of the Royal SocietyPeople from Devonport, DevonFellows of the Royal Society of EdinburghKnights Commander of the Order of the BathJohn Fritz Medal recipientsHidden categories: All articles with dead external linksArticles with dead external links from February 2018Articles with permanently dead external linksArticles with hCardsUse dmy dates from July 2011Wikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers

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William Henry White (politician)William H. WhitePlymouthDevonEnglandRoyal School Of Naval ArchitectureCivil EngineeringNaval ArchitectureInstitution Of Civil EngineersInstitution Of Mechanical EngineersInstitute Of Marine Engineering, Science And TechnologyRoyal Sovereign-class BattleshipBattleshipKing Edward VII-class BattleshipYachtHMY Victoria And Albert IIIRMS Mauretania (1906)Knight Commander Of The Order Of The BathFellow Of The Royal SocietyFellow Of The Royal Society Of EdinburghGreat BritainWarshipAdmiraltyDevonport, DevonHMNB DevonportRoyal School Of Naval ArchitectureSouth KensingtonLondonEdward James ReedWilliam George Armstrong, 1st Baron ArmstrongDirector Of Naval ConstructionRoyal Sovereign-class BattleshipParliament Of The United KingdomHMY Victoria And Albert IIIGraving DockCentre Of GravityCementMetacentric HeightKing Edward VII-class BattleshipBattleshipArmoured CruiserProtected CruiserCunard LineRMS Mauretania (1906)Imperial College LondonFellow Of The Royal SocietyInstitution Of Engineers And Shipbuilders In ScotlandRoyal Swedish Academy Of SciencesEnlargeInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1-84832-093-2Wikipedia:Link RotInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-85177-282-XSamuel W. JohnsonPresidentInstitution Of Mechanical EngineersWilliam MawJohn Clarke HawkshawList Of Presidents Of The Institution Of Civil EngineersInstitution Of Civil EngineersGuilford Lindsey MolesworthHelp:Authority ControlVirtual International Authority FileLibrary Of Congress Control NumberInternational Standard Name IdentifierIntegrated Authority FileSystème Universitaire De DocumentationSNACTemplate:John Fritz MedalJohn Fritz MedalJohn FritzLord KelvinGeorge WestinghouseAlexander Graham BellThomas Alva EdisonCharles Talbot PorterAlfred Noble (engineer)Robert Woolston HuntJohn Edson SweetJames Douglas (businessman)Elihu ThomsonHenry Marion HoweJ. Waldo SmithGeorge W. GoethalsOrville WrightRobert HadfieldEugène Schneider IIGuglielmo MarconiAmbrose SwaseyJohn Frank StevensEdward Dean AdamsElmer Ambrose SperryJohn Joseph CartyHerbert Clark HooverRalph ModjeskiDavid Watson TaylorMihajlo Idvorski PupinDaniel Cowan JacklingJohn Ripley FreemanFrank Julian SpragueWilliam Frederick DurandArthur Newell TalbotPaul Dyer MericaFrank Baldwin JewettClarence Floyd HirshfeldRalph BuddEverette Lee DeGolyerWillis Rodney WhitneyCharles F. KetteringJohn L. SavageZay JeffriesLewis Warrington ChubbTheodore Von KarmanVannevar BushErvin George BaileyBenjamin F. FairlessWilliam Embry WratherPhilip SpornBen MoreellMervin KellyStephen D. BechtelCrawford H. GreenewaltHugh L. DrydenLucius D. ClayFrederick KappelWarren K. LewisWalker L. CislerIgor Ivan SikorskyMichael Lawrence HaiderGlenn B. WarrenPatrick E. HaggertyManson BenedictThomas O. PaineGeorge R. BrownNathan M. NewmarkIan MacGregorDavid PackardClaude Elwood ShannonDaniel C. DruckerSimon RamoRalph LandauRalph B. PeckRobert N. NoyceHunter RouseGordon E. MooreHoyt C. HottelLynn S. BeedleGeorge N. HatsopoulosArthur E. HumphreyIvan A. GettingGeorge H. HeilmeierPaul C. W. ChuDaniel S. GoldinRobert S. LangerJohn A. SwansonGavriel SalvendyKristina M. JohnsonYvonne Claeys BrillAndrew J. ViterbiLeslie E. RobertsonFrank KreithHelp:CategoryCategory:1845 BirthsCategory:1913 DeathsCategory:English EngineersCategory:Royal NavyCategory:Naval ArchitectsCategory:People Associated With Imperial College LondonCategory:Presidents Of The Institution Of Civil EngineersCategory:Presidents Of The Smeatonian Society Of Civil EngineersCategory:Members Of The Royal Swedish Academy Of SciencesCategory:Fellows Of The Royal SocietyCategory:People From Devonport, DevonCategory:Fellows Of The Royal Society Of EdinburghCategory:Knights Commander Of The Order Of The BathCategory:John Fritz Medal RecipientsCategory:All Articles With Dead External LinksCategory:Articles With Dead External Links From February 2018Category:Articles With Permanently Dead External LinksCategory:Articles With HCardsCategory:Use Dmy Dates From July 2011Category:Wikipedia Articles With VIAF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With LCCN IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With ISNI IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With GND IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With SNAC-ID IdentifiersDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

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