Contents 1 Early life 2 Film career 3 Personal 4 References 5 External links

Early life[edit] Fox was born in Tolcsva, Hungary[4] and originally named Fried Vilmos (Wilhelm).[5] His parents, Michael Fried and Hannah Fuchs, were both Hungarian Jews.[3][6][7] The family immigrated to the United States when William was nine months old and settled in New York City, where they had twelve more children, of whom only six survived. Wilhelm worked as a newsboy and in the fur and garment industry as a youth, then later changed his name after his mother's maiden name ("Fuchs" in German meaning "fox") to William Fox.

Film career[edit] In 1900, he started his own company, which he sold in 1904 to purchase his first nickelodeon. Always more of an entrepreneur than a showman, he concentrated on acquiring and building theaters. Beginning in 1914, New Jersey-based Fox bought films outright from the Balboa Amusement Producing Company in Long Beach, California, for distribution to his own theaters and then for rental to other theaters across the country. He formed the Fox Film Corporation on February 1, 1915, with insurance and banking money provided by the McCarter, Kuser and Usar families of Newark, New Jersey, and the small New Jersey investment house of Eisele and King. The company's first film studio was leased in Fort Lee, New Jersey, where many other early film studios were based at the beginning of the 20th century.[6] He now had the capital to acquire facilities and expand his production capacity. In 1925–26, Fox purchased the rights to the work of Freeman Harrison Owens, the U.S. rights to the Tri-Ergon system invented by three German inventors (Josef Engl (1893–1942), Hans Vogt (1890–1979), and Joseph Massolle (1889–1957)), and the work of Theodore Case to create the Fox Movietone sound-on-film system, introduced in 1927 with the release of F. W. Murnau's Sunrise. Sound-on-film systems such as Movietone and RCA Photophone soon became the standard, and competing sound-on-disc technologies, such as Warner Bros.' Vitaphone, fell into disuse. From 1928 to 1963, Fox Movietone News was one of the major newsreel series in the U.S., along with The March of Time (1935–1951) and Universal Newsreel (1929–1967). In 1927, Marcus Loew, head of rival studio Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, died, and control of MGM passed to his longtime associate, Nicholas Schenck. Fox saw an opportunity to expand his empire, and in 1929, with Schenck's assent, bought the Loew family's holdings in MGM. However, MGM studio bosses Louis B. Mayer and Irving Thalberg were outraged, since, despite their high posts in MGM, they were not shareholders. Mayer used his political connections to persuade the Justice Department to sue Fox for violating federal antitrust law. During this time, in the middle of 1929, Fox was badly hurt in an automobile accident. By the time he recovered, the stock market crash in the fall of 1929 had virtually wiped out his fortune, ending any chance of the Loews-Fox merger going through even if the Justice Department had given its blessing. Fox lost control of the Fox Film Corporation in 1930 during a hostile takeover. A combination of the stock market crash, Fox's car accident injury, and government antitrust action forced him into a protracted seven-year struggle to fight off bankruptcy. At his bankruptcy hearing in 1936, he attempted to bribe judge John Warren Davis and committed perjury, for which he was sentenced to six months in prison. After serving his time, Fox retired from the film business. For many years Fox resented the way that Wall Street had forced him from control of his company. In 1933 he collaborated with the writer Upton Sinclair on a book Upton Sinclair Presents William Fox in which Fox recounted his life his views on what he considered to be a conspiracy against him by Wall Street. He died more or less unnoticed in 1952 at the age of 73 in New York City. No Hollywood producers came to his funeral. He is interred at Salem Fields Cemetery, Brooklyn. In 1935, Fox Film Corporation, under new president Sidney Kent, merged with the upstart Twentieth Century Pictures to form 20th Century-Fox. (Darryl Zanuck, the driving force behind the creation of 20th Century-Fox, was married to actress Virginia Fox. This has led to some erroneous claims on Internet movie sites that Zanuck was William Fox's son-in-law. In fact, Virginia Fox and William Fox were not related.) 20th Century Fox was itself merged into Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation in 1985 (and in 2013, 20th Century Fox with most of News Corporation's entertainment assets were spun out into 21st Century Fox which also use William Fox's name). News Corporation (and subsequently 21st Century Fox), 20th Century Fox's corporate parent, continues to make movies and started the Fox Network, one of the four principal commercial broadcast television networks in the United States. Fox personally oversaw the construction of many Fox Theatres in American cities including Atlanta, Detroit, Oakland, San Francisco and San Diego.

Personal[edit] Fox was married to Eva Leo and had two daughters. Fox was sentenced to prison for bribing a judge from 1941 to 1943.[8] He died on May 8, 1952, at the age of 73 and was buried at Salem Fields Cemetery, Brooklyn, New York.

References[edit] ^ "William Fox". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 10 August 2011.  ^ Hames, Peter (2004). "Preface". The Cinema of Central Europe. Wallflower Press. ISBN 978-1-904764-20-5.  ^ a b "William Fox". Calendar of Szabó Ervin Library, Budapest (in Hungarian). Retrieved 20 November 2009.  ^ "A 20th Century Fox is magyar alapította". Népszabadság (in Hungarian). 2008-12-10. Retrieved 2009-04-19.  ^ "Fried Fuchs" is give by Britannica, cited in William Wellman, Jr. (7 April 2015). Wild Bill Wellman: Hollywood Rebel. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. p. 184. ISBN 978-1-101-87028-0. , and by Adrian Room in Adrian Room (1 July 2010). Dictionary of Pseudonyms: 13,000 Assumed Names and Their Origins, 5th ed. McFarland. p. 183. ISBN 978-0-7864-5763-2.  ^ a b Solomon, Aubrey (April 1, 2011). The Fox Film Corporation, 1915-1935: A History and Filmography. McFarland & Company. ISBN 0786462868.  ^ "Twentieth Century Fox". Retrieved 26 March 2010.  ^ Gabler, Neal (1988). An Empire of Their Own: How the Jews Invented Hollywood. Crown. ISBN 0-385-26557-3. 

External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to William Fox (producer). William Fox on IMDb Historical Article on William Fox William Fox at Find a Grave Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 27967666 LCCN: n85201963 ISNI: 0000 0000 8107 4191 GND: 12300229X SUDOC: 158728092 BNF: cb14649294g (data) ULAN: 500065922 SNAC: w6835hbx Retrieved from "" Categories: 1879 births1952 deaths21st Century FoxAmerican film production company foundersAmerican JewsAmerican people convicted of briberyAustro-Hungarian emigrants to the United StatesBurials at Salem Fields Cemetery, BrooklynHungarian JewsPeople from Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén CountyHidden categories: CS1 Hungarian-language sources (hu)Articles with hCardsFind a Grave template with ID same as WikidataWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiersWikipedia articles with ULAN identifiersWikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers

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TolcsvaKingdom Of HungaryManhattanNew York (state)United StatesSalem Fields Cemetery, BrooklynEntrepreneurshipHungarian-AmericanMotion PictureFox FilmFox TheatresRupert MurdochFox Broadcasting CompanyFox News ChannelFoxtel20th Century Fox21st Century FoxTolcsvaHungarian JewsNickelodeon (movie Theater)Fox FilmFreeman Harrison OwensTri-ErgonTheodore CaseMovietone Sound SystemSound-on-filmF. W. MurnauSunrise (film)RCA PhotophoneSound-on-discWarner Bros.VitaphoneFox Movietone NewsNewsreelThe March Of TimeUniversal NewsreelMarcus LoewMetro-Goldwyn-MayerNicholas SchenckLouis B. MayerIrving ThalbergUnited States Department Of JusticeAntitrustWall Street Crash Of 1929Hostile TakeoverBankruptcyBribeJohn Warren DavisPerjuryUpton SinclairUpton Sinclair Presents William FoxNew York CitySalem Fields Cemetery, BrooklynTwentieth Century Pictures20th Century FoxNews CorporationCorporate Spin-off21st Century FoxFox Broadcasting CompanyFox TheatresAtlantaDetroitOakland, CaliforniaSan FranciscoSan DiegoSalem Fields Cemetery, BrooklynEncyclopædia BritannicaInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1-904764-20-5NépszabadságWilliam Wellman, Jr.International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1-101-87028-0Adrian RoomInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-7864-5763-2International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0786462868Neal GablerAn Empire Of Their Own: How The Jews Invented HollywoodInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-385-26557-3IMDbFind A GraveHelp:Authority ControlVirtual International Authority FileLibrary Of Congress Control NumberInternational Standard Name IdentifierIntegrated Authority FileSystème Universitaire De DocumentationBibliothèque Nationale De FranceUnion List Of Artist NamesSNACHelp:CategoryCategory:1879 BirthsCategory:1952 DeathsCategory:21st Century FoxCategory:American Film Production Company FoundersCategory:American JewsCategory:American People Convicted Of BriberyCategory:Austro-Hungarian Emigrants To The United StatesCategory:Burials At Salem Fields Cemetery, BrooklynCategory:Hungarian JewsCategory:People From Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén CountyCategory:CS1 Hungarian-language Sources (hu)Category:Articles With HCardsCategory:Find A Grave Template With ID Same As WikidataCategory:Wikipedia Articles With VIAF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With LCCN IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With ISNI IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With GND IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With BNF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With ULAN IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With SNAC-ID IdentifiersDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

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