Contents 1 History and development 1.1 Logos 2 Accuracy 3 Critical reception 4 Wiktionary data in natural language processing 5 See also 6 Notes 7 References 8 External links

History and development Wiktionary was brought online on December 12, 2002,[a] following a proposal by Daniel Alston and an idea by Larry Sanger, co-founder of Wikipedia.[b] On March 28, 2004, the first non-English Wiktionaries were initiated in French and Polish. Wiktionaries in numerous other languages have since been started. Wiktionary was hosted on a temporary domain name ( until May 1, 2004, when it switched to the current domain name.[c] As of November 2016[ref], Wiktionary features over 25.9 million entries across its editions.[2] The largest of the language editions is the English Wiktionary, with over 5.5 million entries, followed by the Malagasy Wiktionary with over 4 million bot-generated entries and the French Wiktionary with over 3.2 million. Forty-one Wiktionary language editions now contain over 100,000 entries each.[d] The use of bots to generate large numbers of articles is visible as "growth spurts" in this graph of article counts at the largest eight Wiktionary editions. (Data as of December 2009[update]) Most of the entries and many of the definitions at the project's largest language editions were created by bots that found creative ways to generate entries or (rarely) automatically imported thousands of entries from previously published dictionaries. Seven of the 18 bots registered at the English Wiktionary[e] created 163,000 of the entries there.[3] Another of these bots, "ThirdPersBot," was responsible for the addition of a number of third-person conjugations that would not have received their own entries in standard dictionaries; for instance, it defined "smoulders" as the "third-person singular simple present form of smoulder." Of the 648,970 definitions the English Wiktionary provides for 501,171 English words, 217,850 are "form of" definitions of this kind.[4] This means its coverage of English is slightly smaller than that of major monolingual print dictionaries. The Oxford English Dictionary, for instance, has 615,000 headwords, while Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged has 475,000 entries (with many additional embedded headwords). Detailed statistics exist to show how many entries of various kinds exist. The English Wiktionary does not rely on bots to the extent that some other editions do. The French and Vietnamese Wiktionaries, for example, imported large sections of the Free Vietnamese Dictionary Project (FVDP), which provides free content bilingual dictionaries to and from Vietnamese.[f] These imported entries make up virtually all of the Vietnamese edition's contents. Almost all non-Malagasy-language entries of the Malagasy Wiktionary were copied by bot from other Wiktionaries. Like the English edition, the French Wiktionary has imported the approximately 20,000 entries from the Unihan database of Chinese, Japanese, and Korean characters. The French Wiktionary grew rapidly in 2006 thanks in large part to bots copying many entries from old, freely licensed dictionaries, such as the eighth edition of the Dictionnaire de l'Académie française (1935, around 35,000 words), and using bots to add words from other Wiktionary editions with French translations. The Russian edition grew by nearly 80,000 entries as "LXbot" added boilerplate entries (with headings, but without definitions) for words in English and German.[5] In 2017 English part of en.wiktionary had over 500,000 gloss definitions and over 900,000 definitions (including different forms).[6] Logos Wiktionary has historically lacked a uniform logo across its numerous language editions. Some editions use logos that depict a dictionary entry about the term "Wiktionary", based on the previous English Wiktionary logo, which was designed by Brion Vibber, a MediaWiki developer.[g] Because a purely textual logo must vary considerably from language to language, a four-phase contest to adopt a uniform logo was held at the Wikimedia Meta-Wiki from September to October 2006.[h] Some communities adopted the winning entry by "Smurrayinchester", a 3×3 grid of wooden tiles, each bearing a character from a different writing system. However, the poll did not see as much participation from the Wiktionary community as some community members had hoped, and a number of the larger wikis ultimately kept their textual logos.[h] In April 2009, the issue was resurrected with a new contest. This time, a depiction by "AAEngelman" of an open hardbound dictionary won a head-to-head vote against the 2006 logo, but the process to refine and adopt the new logo then stalled.[i] In the following years, some wikis replaced their textual logos with one of the two newer logos. In 2012, 55 wikis that had been using the English Wiktionary logo received localized versions of the 2006 design by "Smurrayinchester".[j] In July 2016, the English Wiktionary adopted a variant of this logo.[7] As of 4 July 2016[update], 135 wikis, representing 61% of Wiktionary's entries, use a logo based on the 2006 design by "Smurrayinchester", 33 wikis (36%) use a textual logo, and three wikis (3%) use the 2009 design by "AAEngelman".[k]

Accuracy To ensure accuracy, the English Wiktionary has a policy requiring that terms be attested.[8] Terms in major languages such as English and Chinese must be verified by: clearly widespread use, or use in permanently recorded media, conveying meaning, in at least three independent instances spanning at least a year. For smaller languages such as Creek and extinct languages such as Latin, one use in a permanently recorded medium or one mention in a reference work is sufficient verification.

Critical reception This section's factual accuracy may be compromised due to out-of-date information. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (May 2013) Critical reception of Wiktionary has been mixed. In 2006 Jill Lepore wrote in the article "Noah's Ark" for The New Yorker,[l] There's no show of hands at Wiktionary. There's not even an editorial staff. "Be your own lexicographer!", might be Wiktionary's motto. Who needs experts? Why pay good money for a dictionary written by lexicographers when we could cobble one together ourselves? Wiktionary isn't so much republican or democratic as Maoist. And it's only as good as the copyright-expired books from which it pilfers. Keir Graff's review for Booklist was less critical: Is there a place for Wiktionary? Undoubtedly. The industry and enthusiasm of its many creators are proof that there's a market. And it's wonderful to have another strong source to use when searching the odd terms that pop up in today's fast-changing world and the online environment. But as with so many Web sources (including this column), it's best used by sophisticated users in conjunction with more reputable sources.[citation needed] References in other publications are fleeting and part of larger discussions of Wikipedia, not progressing beyond a definition, although David Brooks in The Nashua Telegraph described it as "wild and woolly".[m] One of the impediments to independent coverage of Wiktionary is the continuing confusion that it is merely an extension of Wikipedia.[n] In 2005, PC Magazine rated Wiktionary as one of the Internet's "Top 101 Web Sites",[10] although little information was given about the site. The measure of correctness of the inflections for a subset of the Polish words in the English Wiktionary showed that this grammatical data is very stable. Only 131 out of 4748 Polish words have had their inflection data corrected.[11]

Wiktionary data in natural language processing Wiktionary has semi-structured data.[12] Wiktionary lexicographic data can be converted to machine-readable format in order to be used in natural language processing tasks.[13][14][15] Wiktionary data mining is a complex task. There are the following difficulties:[16] (1) the constant and frequent changes to data and schemata, (2) the heterogeneity in Wiktionary language edition schemata [o] and (3) the human-centric nature of a wiki. There are several parsers for different Wiktionary language editions:[17] DBpedia Wiktionary:[18] a subproject of DBpedia, the data are extracted from English, French, German and Russian wiktionaries; the data includes language, part of speech, definitions, semantic relations and translations. The declarative description of the page schema,[19] regular expressions[20] and finite state transducer[21] are used in order to extract information. JWKTL (Java Wiktionary Library):[22] provides access to English Wiktionary and German Wiktionary dumps via a Java Wiktionary API.[23] The data includes language, part of speech, definitions, quotations, semantic relations, etymologies and translations. JWKTL is available for non-commercial use. wikokit:[24] the parser of English Wiktionary and Russian Wiktionary.[25] The parsed data includes language, part of speech, definitions, quotations,[26][p] semantic relations[27] and translations. This is a multi-licensed open-source software. Etymological entries have been parsed in the Etymological WordNet project.[28] The various natural language processing tasks were solved with the help of Wiktionary data: Rule-based machine translation between Dutch language and Afrikaans; data of English Wiktionary, Dutch Wiktionary and Wikipedia were used with the Apertium machine translation platform.[29] Construction of machine-readable dictionary by the parser NULEX, which integrates open linguistic resources: English Wiktionary, WordNet, and VerbNet.[30] The parser NULEX scrapes English Wiktionary for tense information (verbs), plural form and part of speech (nouns). Speech recognition and synthesis, where Wiktionary was used to automatically create pronunciation dictionaries.[31] Word-pronunciation pairs were retrieved from 6 Wiktionary language editions (Czech, English, French, Spanish, Polish, and German). Pronunciations are in terms of the International Phonetic Alphabet.[q] The ASR system based on English Wiktionary has the highest word error rate, where each third phoneme has to be changed.[33] Ontology engineering[34] and semantic network constructing.[r] Ontology matching.[35] Text simplification. Medero & Ostendorf[36] assessed vocabulary difficulty (reading level detection) with the help of Wiktionary data. Properties of words extracted from Wiktionary entries (definition length and POS, sense, and translation counts) were investigated. Medero & Ostendorf expected that (1) very common words will be more likely to have multiple parts of speech, (2) common words to be more likely to have multiple senses, (3) common words will be more likely to have been translated into multiple languages. These features extracted from Wiktionary entries were useful in distinguishing word types that appear in Simple English Wikipedia articles from words that only appear in the Standard English comparable articles. Part-of-speech tagging. Li et al. (2012)[37] built multilingual POS-taggers for eight resource-poor languages on the basis of English Wiktionary and Hidden Markov Models.[s] Sentiment analysis.[38]

See also List of Wiktionaries

Notes ^ Wikipedia mailing list archive discussion announcing the opening of the Wiktionary project – Retrieved May 3, 2011 ^ Wikipedia mailing list archive discussion from Larry Sanger giving the idea on Wiktionary – Retrieved May 3, 2011 ^ Wiktionary's current URL is ^ Wiktionary total article counts are here. Detailed statistics by word type are available here [1]. ^ The user list at the English Wiktionary identifies accounts that have been given "bot status". ^ Hồ Ngọc Đức, Free Vietnamese Dictionary Project. Details at the Vietnamese Wiktionary. ^ "Wiktionary talk:Wiktionary Logo", English Wiktionary, Wikimedia Foundation. ^ a b "Wiktionary/logo", Meta-Wiki, Wikimedia Foundation. ^ "Wiktionary/logo/refresh/voting", Meta-Wiki, Wikimedia Foundation. ^ [Translators-l] 56 Wiktionaries got a localised logo ^ m:Wiktionary/logo#Logo use statistics. ^ The full article is not available on-line.[9] ^ David Brooks, "Online, interactive encyclopedia not just for geeks anymore, because everyone seems to need it now, more than ever!" The Nashua Telegraph (August 4, 2004) ^ In this citation, the author refers to Wiktionary as part of the Wikipedia site: Adapted from an article by Naomi DeTullio (2006). "Wikis for Librarians" (PDF). NETLS News #142. Northeast Texas Library System. p. 15. Archived from the original (PDF newsletter) on 2007-06-05. Retrieved April 21, 2007.  ^ E.g. compare the entry structure and formatting rules in English Wiktionary and Russian Wiktionary. ^ Quotations are extracted only from Russian Wiktionary.[26] ^ If there are several IPA notations on a Wiktionary page – either for different languages or for pronunciation variants, then the first pronunciation was extracted.[32] ^ ^ The source code and the results of POS-tagging are available at

References Specific ^ " Site Info". Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2017-12-04.  ^ ^ TheDaveBot Archived 2007-10-11 at the Wayback Machine., TheCheatBot Archived 2007-10-11 at the Wayback Machine., Websterbot Archived 2007-10-11 at the Wayback Machine., PastBot Archived 2007-10-11 at the Wayback Machine., NanshuBot Archived 2007-10-11 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Detailed statistics as of 1 July 2013 ^ LXbot Archived May 24, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Wikitionary statistics ^ phab:T139255 ^ "Wiktionary:Criteria for inclusion". Wiktionary. Retrieved 13 March 2015.  ^ Lepore 2006. ^ PC Mag 2005. ^ Kurmas 2010. ^ Meyer & Gurevych 2012, p. 140. ^ Zesch, Müller & Gurevych 2008, p. 4, Figure 1. ^ Meyer & Gurevych 2010, p. 40. ^ Krizhanovsky, Transformation 2010, p. 1. ^ Hellmann & Auer 2013, p. 302, p. 16 in PDF. ^ Hellmann, Brekle & Auer 2012, p. 3, Table 1. ^ DBpedia Wiktionary Archived 2013-05-04 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Hellmann, Brekle & Auer 2012, pp. 8–9. ^ Hellmann, Brekle & Auer 2012, p. 10. ^ Hellmann, Brekle & Auer 2012, p. 11. ^ JWKTL ^ Zesch, Müller & Gurevych 2008. ^ wikokit ^ Krizhanovsky, Transformation 2010. ^ a b Smirnov 2012. ^ Krizhanovsky, Comparison 2010. ^ Etymological WordNet ^ Otte & Tyers 2011. ^ McFate & Forbus 2011. ^ Schlippe, Ochs & Schultz 2012. ^ Schlippe, Ochs & Schultz 2012, p. 4802. ^ Schlippe, Ochs & Schultz 2012, p. 4804. ^ Meyer & Gurevych 2012. ^ Lin & Krizhanovsky 2011. ^ Medero & Ostendorf 2009. ^ Li, Graça & Taskar 2012. ^ Chesley et al. 2006. General Chesley, Paula; Vincent, Bruce; Xu, Li; Srihari, Rohini K. (2006). "Using verbs and adjectives to automatically classify blog sentiment" (PDF). Training. 580: 233–235. Retrieved May 9, 2013.  Hellmann, Sebastian; Brekle, Jonas; Auer, Sören (2012). "Leveraging the Crowdsourcing of Lexical Resources for Bootstrapping a Linguistic Data Cloud" (PDF). Proc. Joint Int. Semantic Technology Conference (JIST). Nara, Japan.  Hellmann, S.; Auer, S. (2013). "Towards Web-Scale Collaborative Knowledge Extraction" (PDF). In Gurevych, Iryna; Kim, Jungi. The People's Web Meets NLP. Theory and Applications of Natural Language Processing. Springer-Verlag. pp. 287–313. ISBN 978-3-642-35084-9.  Krizhanovsky, Andrew (2010). "Transformation of Wiktionary entry structure into tables and relations in a relational database schema". arXiv:1011.1368  [cs].  Krizhanovsky, Andrew (2010). "The comparison of Wiktionary thesauri transformed into the machine-readable format". arXiv:1006.5040  [cs].  Kurmas, Zachary (July 2010). Zawilinski: a library for studying grammar in Wiktionary. Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Wikis and Open Collaboration. Gdansk, Poland. Retrieved 2011-07-29.  Li, Shen; Graça, Joao V.; Taskar, Ben (2012). "Wiki-ly supervised part-of-speech tagging" (PDF). Proceedings of the 2012 Joint Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing and Computational Natural Language Learning. Jeju Island, Korea: Association for Computational Linguistics. pp. 1389–1398.  Lepore, Jill (November 6, 2006). "Noah's Ark" (Abstract). The New Yorker. Retrieved April 21, 2007.  Lin, Feiyu; Krizhanovsky, Andrew (2011). "Multilingual ontology matching based on Wiktionary data accessible via SPARQL endpoint". Proc. of the 13th Russian Conference on Digital Libraries RCDL'2011. Voronezh, Russia. pp. 19–26. arXiv:1109.0732 .  McFate, Clifton J.; Forbus, Kenneth D. (2011). "NULEX: an open-license broad coverage lexicon" (PDF). The 49th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies, Proceedings of the Conference. Portland, Oregon, USA: The Association for Computer Linguistics. pp. 363–367. ISBN 978-1-932432-88-6.  Medero, Julie; Ostendorf, Mari (2009). "Analysis of vocabulary difficulty using wiktionary" (PDF). Proc. SLaTE Workshop.  Meyer, C. M.; Gurevych, I. (2010). "Worth its Weight in Gold or Yet Another Resource - A Comparative Study of Wiktionary, OpenThesaurus and GermaNet" (PDF). Proc. 11th International Conference on Intelligent Text Processing and Computational Linguistics, Iasi, Romania. pp. 38–49.  Otte, Pim; Tyers, F. M. (2011). "Rapid rule-based machine translation between Dutch and Afrikaans" (PDF). In Forcada, Mikel L.; Depraetere, Heidi; Vandeghinste, Vincent. 16th Annual Conference of the European Association of Machine Translation, EAMT11. Leuven, Belgium. pp. 153–160.  Schlippe, Tim; Ochs, Sebastian; Schultz, Tanja (2012). "Grapheme-to-phoneme model generation for Indo-European languages" (PDF). Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP). Kyoto, Japan. pp. 4801–4804.  Smirnov A., Levashova T., Karpov A., Kipyatkova I., Ronzhin A., Krizhanovsky A., Krizhanovsky N.. Analysis of the quotation corpus of the Russian Wiktionary. Research in Computing Science. 2012 [Retrieved 2017-11-23];56:101–112. Zesch, Torsten; Müller, Christof; Gurevych, Iryna (2008). "Extracting Lexical Semantic Knowledge from Wikipedia and Wiktionary" (PDF). Proceedings of the Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC). Marrakech, Morocco.  "Wiktionary". Top 101 Web Sites. PC Magazine. April 6, 2005. Retrieved December 16, 2005. 

External links Look up Wiktionary in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. List of all Wiktionary editions Wiktionary front page English Wiktionary Wiktionary Android package at the F-Droid repository Wiktionary on Google Play Wiktionary's multilingual statistics Wikimedia's page on Wiktionary (including list of all existing Wiktionaries) Pages about Wiktionary in Meta. Meta:Main Page – OmegaWiki v t e Wikimedia Foundation People Current Aaron Halfaker James Heilman Dariusz Jemielniak Katherine Maher Jimmy Wales Past Hampton Catlin Danese Cooper Bishakha Datta Florence Devouard Oscar van Dillen Sue Gardner Arnnon Geshuri Mike Godwin Guy Kawasaki Erik Möller Lila Tretikov Luis Villa Patricio Lorente Content projects Wikipedia List of Wikipedias Wiktionary List of Wiktionaries Wikimedia Commons Wikidata Wikiquote Wikibooks Wikisource Wikispecies Wikinews Wikiversity Wikivoyage Other Wikimedia movement List of Wikimedia chapters Wikimania MediaWiki Litigation Wikimedia v. NSA Knowledge Engine Related The Signpost v t e Dictionaries of English Old and Middle English An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary Dictionary of Old English Middle English Dictionary Historic Catholicon Anglicum (1483) The English Schoole-Master (1596) The New World of English Words (1658) A New English Dictionary (1702) An Universal Etymological English Dictionary (1721) A Dictionary of the English Language (1755) Webster's Dictionary (1828) Worcester's Dictionary Richardson's New Dictionary Imperial Dictionary (1847–50) Century Dictionary (1889–91) American English American Heritage Dictionary of American English Dictionary of American Regional English Encarta New Oxford American Oxford American Random House Webster's Webster's New World Webster's Third New International Dictionary World Book Dictionary British English Chambers Collins Oxford English Concise Oxford English Compact Oxford English Shorter Oxford English Historical Thesaurus Oxford Dictionary of English Penguin Canadian English Canadian Oxford Dictionary of Canadianisms Gage Canadian (Full list) Australian English Australian National Australian Oxford Macquarie Online Wiktionary Collaborative International Dictionary of English Urban Dictionary Wordnik Learners / ESL Cambridge Advanced Learner's Collins COBUILD Advanced Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners Merriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's Oxford Advanced Learner's Retrieved from "" Categories: Advertising-free websitesEducational websitesEtymological dictionariesEtymologyFree and open-source Android softwareInternet properties established in 2002MediaWiki websitesMultilingual websitesOnline dictionariesWikimedia projectsHidden categories: Webarchive template wayback linksWikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pagesPages using deprecated image syntaxArticles containing potentially dated statements from January 2018All articles containing potentially dated statementsPages using infobox website with unknown parametersArticles containing potentially dated statements from November 2016Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2009Articles containing potentially dated statements from July 2016Articles with obsolete information from May 2013All Wikipedia articles in need of updatingAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from November 2010

Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadView sourceView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version In other projects Wikimedia CommonsMeta-WikiWikibooks Languages AfrikaansAlemannischالعربيةAragonésঅসমীয়াAsturianuAvañe'ẽAzərbaycancaবাংলাBahasa BanjarBân-lâm-gúБеларускаяБеларуская (тарашкевіца)‎БългарскиBoarischBrezhonegCatalàЧӑвашлаČeštinaCymraegDanskDeutschEestiΕλληνικάEspañolEsperantoEuskaraفارسیFrançaisGaeilgeGalegoGĩkũyũગુજરાતી客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî한국어Հայերենहिन्दीHrvatskiIgboBahasa IndonesiaInterlinguaÍslenskaItalianoעבריתBasa JawaქართულიKaszëbscziKiswahiliKurdîLadinoLatinaLatviešuLietuviųLimburgsMagyarМакедонскиMalagasyമലയാളംMaltiमराठीمصرىBahasa MelayuMìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄မြန်မာဘာသာNederlands日本語NorskNorsk nynorskOccitanଓଡ଼ିଆOʻzbekcha/ўзбекчаਪੰਜਾਬੀپنجابیភាសាខ្មែរTok PisinPolskiPortuguêsRomânăРусскийSängöScotsShqipSicilianuSimple EnglishسنڌيSlovenčinaSlovenščinaСрпски / srpskiSrpskohrvatski / српскохрватскиBasa SundaSuomiSvenskaTagalogதமிழ்Татарча/tatarçaతెలుగుไทยТоҷикӣTürkçeУкраїнськаاردوVahcuenghVènetoTiếng Việt文言WinarayWolofייִדיש粵語中文 Edit links This page was last edited on 6 March 2018, at 09:26. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.452","walltime":"0.575","ppvisitednodes":{"value":4689,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":104438,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":11375,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":23,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":9,"limit":500},"unstrip-depth":{"value":1,"limit":20},"unstrip-size":{"value":27092,"limit":5000000},"entityaccesscount":{"value":0,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 486.168 1 -total"," 18.65% 90.653 1 Template:Infobox_Website"," 15.95% 77.561 1 Template:Infobox"," 12.07% 58.702 2 Template:Reflist"," 11.57% 56.231 20 Template:Efn"," 8.94% 43.467 27 Template:Sfn"," 8.32% 40.443 9 Template:Cite_conference"," 7.46% 36.272 2 Template:Cite_news"," 6.28% 30.540 1 Template:Pp-semi-indef"," 5.98% 29.096 1 Template:Update"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.212","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":7446577,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1239","timestamp":"20180314003113","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":95,"wgHostname":"mw1319"});});

Wiktionary - Photos and All Basic Informations

Wiktionary More Links

This Article Is Semi-protected.Wikipedia:Wikimedia Sister ProjectsWiktionary LogoWiktionary LogoDetail Of The Wiktionary Main Page. All Major Wiktionaries Are Listed By Number Of Articles.DictionaryWikimedia FoundationJimmy WalesWikimedia FoundationAlexa InternetMultilingualismWorld Wide WebFree ContentDictionaryCollaborative EditingWikiPortmanteauWikiDictionaryBasic EnglishWikipediaWikimedia FoundationVolunteeringWiki SoftwareMediaWikiLanguageThesaurusLexiconLarry SangerEnglish LanguageFrench LanguagePolish LanguageDomain NameInternet BotEnlargeInternet BotGrammatical PersonGrammatical ConjugationOxford English DictionaryWebster's DictionaryFrench LanguageVietnamese LanguageHan UnificationCJK CharactersDictionnaire De L'Académie FrançaiseRussian LanguageGerman LanguageMediaWikiMuscogee LanguageLatinWikipedia:Accuracy DisputePublic DomainKeir GraffWikipedia:Citation NeededThe Telegraph (Nashua)PC MagazineSemi-structured DataMachine-readable DataNatural Language ProcessingWikiParsingDBpediaRegular ExpressionFinite State TransducerUbiquitous Knowledge Processing LabMulti-licensingWordNetNatural Language ProcessingRule-based Machine TranslationDutch LanguageAfrikaansApertiumMachine-readable DictionaryWordNetVerbNetWeb ScrapingSpeech RecognitionSpeech SynthesisInternational Phonetic AlphabetSpeech RecognitionOntology EngineeringSemantic NetworkOntology AlignmentText SimplificationReadabilityPart Of SpeechSimple English WikipediaPart-of-speech TaggingPart-of-speech TaggingSentiment AnalysisList Of WiktionariesWikimedia FoundationAlexa InternetWayback MachineWayback MachineWayback MachineWayback MachineWayback MachineWayback MachineWayback MachineSpringer-VerlagInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-3-642-35084-9ArXivArXivJill LeporeArXivInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1-932432-88-6F-DroidGoogle PlayTemplate:Wikimedia FoundationTemplate Talk:Wikimedia FoundationWikimedia FoundationAaron HalfakerJames HeilmanDariusz JemielniakKatherine MaherJimmy WalesHampton CatlinDanese CooperBishakha DattaFlorence DevouardOscar Van DillenSue GardnerArnnon GeshuriMike GodwinGuy KawasakiErik MöllerLila TretikovLuis VillaPatricio LorenteWikimedia ProjectWikipediaList Of WikipediasList Of WiktionariesWikimedia CommonsWikidataWikiquoteWikibooksWikisourceWikispeciesWikinewsWikiversityWikivoyageWikimedia MovementList Of Wikimedia ChaptersWikimaniaMediaWikiLitigation Involving The Wikimedia FoundationWikimedia Foundation V. NSAKnowledge Engine (Wikimedia Foundation)The SignpostTemplate:Dictionaries Of EnglishTemplate Talk:Dictionaries Of EnglishCategory:English DictionariesOld EnglishMiddle EnglishAn Anglo-Saxon DictionaryDictionary Of Old EnglishMiddle English DictionaryCatholicon AnglicumThe English Schoole-MasterThe New World Of English WordsA New English DictionaryAn Universal Etymological English DictionaryA Dictionary Of The English LanguageWebster's DictionaryJoseph Emerson WorcesterCharles Richardson (lexicographer)The Imperial Dictionary Of The English LanguageCentury DictionaryAmerican EnglishThe American Heritage Dictionary Of The English LanguageDictionary Of American EnglishDictionary Of American Regional EnglishEncarta Webster's DictionaryNew Oxford American DictionaryOxford American DictionaryRandom House Webster's Unabridged DictionaryWebster's New World DictionaryWebster's Third New International DictionaryWorld Book DictionaryBritish EnglishChambers DictionaryCollins English DictionaryOxford English DictionaryConcise Oxford English DictionaryCompact Oxford English Dictionary Of Current EnglishShorter Oxford English DictionaryHistorical Thesaurus Of The Oxford English DictionaryOxford Dictionary Of EnglishPenguin English DictionaryCanadian EnglishCanadian Oxford DictionaryDictionary Of Canadianisms On Historical PrinciplesGage Canadian DictionaryList Of Canadian English DictionariesAustralian EnglishThe Australian National DictionaryAustralian Oxford DictionaryMacquarie DictionaryList Of Online DictionariesCollaborative International Dictionary Of EnglishUrban DictionaryWordnikMonolingual Learner's DictionaryEnglish As A Foreign Or Second LanguageCambridge Advanced Learner's DictionaryCollins COBUILD Advanced DictionaryLongman Dictionary Of Contemporary EnglishMacmillan English Dictionary For Advanced LearnersMerriam-Webster's Advanced Learner's English DictionaryOxford Advanced Learner's DictionaryHelp:CategoryCategory:Advertising-free WebsitesCategory:Educational WebsitesCategory:Etymological DictionariesCategory:EtymologyCategory:Free And Open-source Android SoftwareCategory:Internet Properties Established In 2002Category:MediaWiki WebsitesCategory:Multilingual WebsitesCategory:Online DictionariesCategory:Wikimedia ProjectsCategory:Webarchive Template Wayback LinksCategory:Wikipedia Indefinitely Semi-protected PagesCategory:Pages Using Deprecated Image SyntaxCategory:Articles Containing Potentially Dated Statements From January 2018Category:All Articles Containing Potentially Dated StatementsCategory:Pages Using Infobox Website With Unknown ParametersCategory:Articles Containing Potentially Dated Statements From November 2016Category:Articles Containing Potentially Dated Statements From December 2009Category:Articles Containing Potentially Dated Statements From July 2016Category:Articles With Obsolete Information From May 2013Category:All Wikipedia Articles In Need Of UpdatingCategory:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From November 2010Discussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]This Page Is Protected. You Can View Its Source [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

view link view link view link view link view link