Contents 1 Capital letters 2 Abbreviations 3 Punctuation 3.1 Apostrophes and quotation marks 3.2 Periods and commas 3.3 Dashes and hyphens 4 Dates and numbers 5 Markup 6 References 7 Usage 8 See also


Capital letters[edit] Shortcut SMOS:CAP Use sentence case for article titles and section headings – Tips and pointers, not Tips and Pointers. read more ... Capitalize names of scriptures like Bible and Qur'an, but not biblical. Always capitalize God when it refers to a primary or only deity, but not pronouns that refer to deities: he not He. read more ... Avoid capitalizing names of plants and animals. Among the exceptions are scientific names (Felis catus) and proper nouns occurring as part of a name. read more ... The seasons (summer, winter, spring, and fall/autumn) are not to be capitalized. read more ...


Abbreviations[edit] Shortcut SMOS:ABB To indicate approximately, the non-italicized abbreviation c. (followed by a space) is preferred over circa, ca., or approx. read more ... Write US or U.S., but not USA. read more ... Use "and" instead of the "&" sign, except in tables, infoboxes, and official names like AT&T. read more ...


Punctuation[edit] Apostrophes and quotation marks[edit] Shortcut SMOS:A&Q Use straight quote marks " and apostrophes ' as available from the keyboard, and not alternatives such as “ ” and ‘ ’. read more ... Italicize names of books, films, TV series, music albums, paintings, and ships—but not short works like songs or poems, which should be in quotation marks. read more ... Both James' house and James's house are correct. read more ... Periods and commas[edit] Shortcut SMOS:P&C Place a full stop (a period) or a comma before a closing quotation mark if it belongs as part of the quoted material; otherwise put it after: The word carefree means "happy". But She said, "I'm feeling carefree." (Please do so irrespective of any rules associated with the variety of English in use.) read more ... An ellipsis should be written as three separate dots (...): not spaced (. . .), and not using the single-character option (…). read more ... The serial comma (for example the comma before and in "ham, chips, and eggs") is optional; be sensitive to possible ambiguity from thoughtless use or thoughtless avoidance. read more ... Avoid comma splices. read more ... Picture captions should not end in a full stop (a period) unless they are complete sentences. read more ... Dashes and hyphens[edit] Shortcut SMOS:D&H Avoid using a hyphen after a standard -ly adverb (a newly available home). read more ... A hyphen is not a dash. Hyphens are used within words or to join words, but not in punctuating the parts of a sentence. Use an en dash (–) with   before and a space after; or use an em dash (—) without spaces. See Wikipedia:How to make dashes. Avoid using two hyphens (--) to make a dash; and avoid using a hyphen for a minus sign. read more ... Use an en dash, not a hyphen, between numbers: pp. 14–21; 1953–2008. An en dash is also to connect parallel terms: red–green colorblind; a New York–London flight. Use spaces around the en dash only if the connected terms are multi-unit dates: January 1999 – December 2000. read more ...


Dates and numbers[edit] Shortcut SMOS:D&N Write number 1 or No. 1, but not #1. Comic books are an exception. read more ... Write 12,000 for twelve thousand, not 12.000. read more ... Both 10 June 1921 and June 10, 1921, are correct, but should be consistent within an article. A comma is not used if only the month is given, such as June 1921. read more ... 400 AD and 400 BC are correct; but so are 400 CE and 400 BCE. As always, use one style consistently in an article. read more ... Use one, two, three, ..., eight, nine in normal article text, not 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 (although there are many exceptional circumstances; and some other numbers may be written as words also). read more ...


Markup[edit] Shortcut SMOS:MKP Instead of an ordinary space, use   (a hard space or non-breaking space) to prevent a line from ending in the middle of expressions like 17 kg, AD 565, 2:50 pm, £11 billion, 129 million, February 2018, 5° 24′ 21.12″ N, or Boeing 747; also after the number in 123 Fake Street, and before Roman numerals in World War II and Pope Benedict XVI. Use   in the same way inside a wikilink. (An alternative: enclose the whole expression using the template {{nowrap}}.) read more ... It does not matter how many spaces come after a period, because extra spaces will not show, although blank lines will create one extra line. read more ... Use wikilinks, but only for words and phrases that are most likely to be helpful if clicked. Make sure each link goes to an article on the intended subject, and not to a disambiguation page or incorrect destination. read more ...


References[edit] Shortcut SMOS:REF There are multiple citation styles. The most common uses <ref>...</ref> (ref tags) to create footnotes (sometimes called endnotes or notes), which will appear in the reference or endnote section. This citation should immediately follow the text to which it applies, including any punctuation (with some exceptions). read more ...


Usage[edit] Shortcut SMOS:USG English Wikipedia prefers no major national variety of the language over any other. These varieties (e.g. U.S. English, British English) differ in vocabulary (soccer vs. football), spelling (center vs. centre), and occasionally grammar. read more ... Avoid words like I, we, and you, except in quotations and names of works. read more ... – read more ... Avoid phrases like note that and remember that (which assume "you" for the reader); and avoid such expressions as of course and obviously. read more ...


See also[edit] Book: Wikipedia Manual of Style MoS-related Help:Introduction to the Manual of Style – a quick introduction to the style guide for articles User:Tony1/Beginners' guide to the Manual of Style – a summary of the main Manual of Style page Wikipedia:Styletips – a list of advice for editors on writing style and formatting in a bullet-point format Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Reading schedule – a reading schedule designed to assist editors in becoming familiar with Manual of Style General formatting Wikipedia:Tips – overview page where you can digest how to use Wikipedia in bite-sized morsels Wikipedia:Contributing to Wikipedia – a page that provides information on the basics needed to edit Wikipedia Wikipedia:Writing better articles – guidance on how to improve articles Wikipedia:Dos and don'ts – summaries of Wikipedia's policies, guidelines, and formatting standards in a bullet-point format Help:Cheatsheet – a page that provides the most commonly used wiki markup v t e Manual of Style Overview Directory Tips Content Accessibility Biographies Disambiguation pages Infoboxes Linking Self-references Words to watch Formatting Abbreviations Capitalization Dates and numbers Pronunciation Proper names Spelling Text formatting Titles Images Captions Galleries Icons Images Layout Layout Lead section Tables Trivia sections Lists Embedded lists Lists Lists of works Road junctions Stand-alone lists Legal Legal Trademarks Arts Anime & Manga Comics Film Lyrics and Poetry Novels Television Video games Visual arts Writing about fiction Music Music Music samples Record charts Regional Canada China France Hawaii India Ireland Japan Korea Malaysia Philippines Poland Singapore Trinidad and Tobago Religion Islam Latter Day Saints Science Chemistry Computer commands Mathematics Medicine Taxonomy Sports Cue sports Snooker Related Article size Article titles Categories, lists, and navigation templates Categorization Citing sources Hatnotes Military history Signatures Subpages Talk page guidelines Template namespace Understandability User pages Wikimedia sister projects WikiProjects Search Book Category v t e  Basic information on Wikipedia Main Help directory menu FAQs Reference desk Help desk About Wikipedia Administration Purpose Who writes Wikipedia? Organization Censorship Introduction Why create an account? In brief General disclaimer What Wikipedia is not Readers' FAQ Parental advice Navigation Introduction Searching Viewing media Help Mobile access Other languages Researching with Wikipedia Citing Wikipedia Students help Readers' index Copyright Book creation Contributing to Wikipedia Main tutorial Tutorials and introductions The answer Dos and don'ts Learning the ropes Common mistakes Newcomer primer Plain and simple Your first article Wizard Young Wikipedians The Adventure Protocols and conventions Five pillars Introduction Simplified ruleset Simplified MoS Etiquette Expectations Oversight Principles Ignore all rules The rules are principles Core content policies Policies and guidelines Policies Guidelines Vandalism Appealing blocks Getting assistance Requests for help Request editor assistance Disputes resolution requests IRC live chat Tutorial Village pump Contact us Wikipedia community Community portal Dashboard Noticeboards Departments Maintenance Task Center Essays Meetups WikiProjects Sourcing and referencing Finding sources Combining sources Referencing Introduction Citations Citation Style 1 Citation templates Footnotes Page numbers Cite errors Information Editing Toolbar Conflict VisualEditor User guide Category Diffs Email confirmation Infoboxes Linking Link color Manual of Style Introduction Simplified Namespaces Page name URLs User contribution pages Using talk pages Introduction Archiving Image and media files Images Media files How-to Guide to page deletion Image deletion Logging in Merging pages Page renaming Requests Redirecting Reset passwords Reverting Uploading images Introduction Wiki markup Wiki markup Cheatsheet Barcharts Calculations Columns HTML Lists Magic words For beginners Music symbols Sections Sounds Special Characters Tables Introduction Templates Documentation Messages Tools Transclusion Visual file markup Tutorial Directories Abbreviations Contents Edit summaries Essays Glossary Index The Missing Manual Shortcuts Tips Tip of the day Wikis Teahouse (interactive help for new editors) Ask for help on your talk page (a volunteer will visit you there) Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wikipedia:Simplified_Manual_of_Style&oldid=825363523" Categories: Wikipedia supplemental pagesWikipedia essays and information pages about the Manual of StyleWikipedia basic information


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