Requesting an unblock Users who find themselves autoblocked accidentally, may request an unblock by one or more of the following methods: Posting the {{unblock-auto}} template on their talkpage to obtain the attention of an administrator (see {{autoblock}} for further instructions) Contacting the administrator who issued the initial block and requesting an unblock, by sending them an email with the "Email this user" option at that admin's userpage Going to the #wikipedia-en-unblock connect IRC channel on freenode Submitting a request to the Unblock Ticket Request System

Unblocking an autoblocked user If a user is autoblocked, an admin can clear the autoblock by: Reviewing the list at Special:BlockList, and searching for the user's account name. This is a case-sensitive search. Identifying the #xxxxx number that is associated. If searching on this number, be sure to include the "#" Unblocking the #xxxxx by clicking the "unblock" link Note that once the autoblock is cleared, the user's account name will no longer appear in the list. If the user has posted the blocked IP on-wiki as part of the request to be unblocked, consider whether there is a need to remove this information for privacy/security reasons, using revision deletion.

Messages Block message See also: MediaWiki:Autoblockedtext When a user is autoblocked, they see the following message: Current autoblock message. You are currently unable to edit pages on Wikipedia due to an autoblock affecting your IP address. This is because someone using this internet address or shared proxy server was blocked. The ability of all users on this IP address to edit pages has been automatically suspended to prevent abuse by the blocked party. Innocent users are sometimes caught in an autoblock. It may be the case that you have done nothing wrong. A user of this IP address was blocked by THE BLOCKING ADMIN for the following reason (see our blocking policy): REASON This block has been set to expire: THE EXPIRATION DATE. The block ID is: BLOCK ID. Note that you have not been blocked from editing directly. Most likely your computer is on a shared network with other people. If you believe that you should not be subjected to this autoblock, please follow the instructions at {{Autoblock}}.

What does this mean? As on many websites, Wikipedia administrators occasionally block accounts and IP ranges that are deemed responsible for or related to problematic activity. You may be an innocent victim of collateral damage, whereby a block of some other activity has accidentally caused your account to be unable to edit pages. If your editing access has been blocked by mistake, it will be reactivated very quickly, as soon as you let an administrator know of the problem. The box above gives the information you will need. What is a block? A block is a measure used to protect Wikipedia from possible improper use, or modification in breach of editorial policies. Once blocks are over, they become history unless problems recur. Blocks can apply to a user account, an IP, or a range of IPs. A number of automated features identify unblocked usage which apparently should be blocked; these are known as autoblocks and can be quickly rectified if incorrect. Most common cause of an autoblock Your IP matches that used by another blocked account, or the software believes your account or IP is connected to another blocked account. Ask for further information and/or request unblocking. Due to the nature of some Internet service providers, automatic blocks may inadvertently affect people other than the person whose account was blocked.

Rectifying an autoblock Unblock request If you are unjustly affected by this block, please copy-paste the following text to the bottom of your user talk page: {{unblock-auto|2=<nowiki>REASON</nowiki>|3=THE BLOCKING ADMIN|4=BLOCK ID}} An administrator will show up shortly to review the block once you have added the above template to the bottom of your talk page. If this problem affects you repeatedly, we encourage you to contact your service provider or IT department and ask them to contact Wikimedia's XFF project about enabling X-Forwarded-For HTTP headers on their proxy servers. This will reduce the chances of you being affected by future automatic blocks. Alternative option You will usually get a faster reply by posting the {{unblock-auto|2=<nowiki>REASON</nowiki>|3=THE BLOCKING ADMIN|4=BLOCK ID}} template on your talk page, as described above. If you need help, however, you can submit a request to the Unblock Ticket Request System at the link below for assistance. Make sure to include the block ID number shown above. Submit an unblock request Even though requests sent to the Unblock Ticket Request System are viewable only by administrators and trusted volunteers, under no circumstances should you send us your account's password or reveal it to anyone else even if asked to. This system exists for the purpose of reviewing blocks only—any request to make edits to articles on your behalf will be disregarded. Correspondence containing legal threats, personal attacks or rudeness are likely to be ignored and may result in the lengthening of pre-existing blocks. Log messages Sometimes the term Autoblock disabled will show up in a block message. This means that when the user was blocked, that only their username was blocked, but other users on the same IP are still free to edit. The default setting for a block is to have Autoblock enabled, but it generally does not say this explicitly in a block message. To disable the default autoblocking of an account, admins must manually uncheck the box that says "Autoblock any IP addresses used (includes cookie block)".

How it works Gmaxwell shortly after vandalizing the English Wikipedia under the username Bad article creation bot. His vandalism caused harej to accidentally autoblock the entire Wikiconference NYC 2009. English Wikipedia ArbCom member Kirill Lokshin looks on with disapproval. When an autoblock occurs, users may be autoblocked as the result of a block on another user, who was probably using the same ISP. So a different user may end up blocked, even though they have personally done nothing wrong. This is referred to as "collateral damage". Example: User:Susan, an administrator, blocks User:Bort for 24 hours. Unknown to Susan, Bort uses an ISP that uses dynamic IP addresses, and an autoblock was enabled at the time of the block User:Steven, who also uses the same ISP from home, and is currently assigned the IP address last used by Bort, signs on to Wikipedia Steven receives a "You have been blocked" message, doesn't understand what an autoblock is, and angrily demands to know why admin Susan has blocked him. It is important for users to understand that administrators do not set autoblocks; once they have blocked a user with autoblocking enabled, autoblocks are set by the MediaWiki software. Autoblocks do not appear in administrators' block logs, and the administrators are not notified of them. This is a necessary consequence of Wikipedia's privacy policy, to keep logged-in users' IP addresses private. So while the IP address responsible for each edit is recorded by the MediaWiki software, this cannot be accessed, even by administrators and even when the user is blocked. The only circumstances in which a user may be associated with an IP address, are certain policy violations detailed by the checkuser policy; even then, access to the Checkuser tool is granted only to a small group of trusted users, not administrators in general. Cookie block When a user is blocked with autoblocking enabled, a cookie will be set on the blocked user's browser for tracking purposes. This means that the user will still be blocked even after logging out and moving to a new IP address. When the cookie is set, and a user tries to edit a page, MediaWiki will load the original block specified in the cookie and prevent the user from making the edit. This does not, however, create a new autoblock for the new IP address. That only happens if the user logs into the original blocked account. This form of tracking is dependent on the user's browser retaining the cookie, and so will not work for all blocked users in all situations. The feature is intended to provide a small extra level of protection against blocks being circumvented.

Disabling autoblocking When a block is issued, autoblocking is usually turned on by default, except for common dynamic IP ranges, such as those used by many residential ISPs. A list of such automatically exempt IP ranges can be found at MediaWiki:Autoblock whitelist. Administrators can disable autoblocking at the time of blocking a user, by unchecking the checkbox. Once an "enabled" block is placed, it can also be fixed by modifying the user's block, but this should not be done unless absolutely necessary. Automatic reset There is an internal autoblock expiry time variable, which is set to 24 hours, meaning that autoblocks only last for 24 hours. However, in the case of dynamic IP pools (such as those used by many residential ISPs), this may affect hundreds of users before the block expires. So in the case of an indefinite block, autoblocks may continue to be set by the software, weeks or months after the initial block has been set. Older indefinite blocks, dating from before the autoblock exemption whitelist and the option to disable when blocking, may also trigger autoblocks. Since 2012 (Mediawiki v. 1.20.0), manually lifting the original account block automatically lifts every auto block that was created as a consequence of that block. (If the original block merely expires automatically, any dependent autoblocks are not immediately lifted.)

Ipblocklist When IP addresses are autoblocked, they appear in Special:Ipblocklist (but not in the admin's block log) with a special mask that prevents the IP from being seen. Autoblocks register on Special:Ipblocklist and in the banner available to the blocked user, with the name of the admin that set the original block. However, the admin is not notified that an autoblock has been placed.

Tips It is helpful for all involved to remain patient and remember that it is the software, not the administrator who is unfortunate enough to have his or her name appear on the block, that is responsible for the autoblock. Equally important is for admins to check Special:Ipblocklist regularly, and unblock all autoblocks from a particular user if more than two autoblocks are set in rapid succession. If more than two IPs are autoblocked within seconds/minutes of each other, it is a good indication that it is a dynamic IP pool and the blocks are collateral damage. Autoblocked users should use {{unblock-auto}} on their talk page or email the functionaries team, before posting angry messages to the mailing list, as 1) it isn't the admin's fault, and 2) it can quickly be taken care of without the need for hurt feelings.

See also Wikipedia:New admin school/Blocking v t e Wikipedia accounts and governance Unregistered (IP) users Why create an account? Create an account Request an account IPs are human too IP addresses are not people IP hopper Registered users New account Logging in Reset passwords Username policy Changing username Usernames for administrator attention Unified login or SUL Alternate account Account security Password strength requirements User account security Personal security practices Two-factor authentication Simple 2FA 2FA for AWB Committed identity On privacy, confidentiality and discretion Compromised accounts Blocks, global locks, bans, sanctions Blocking policy FAQ Admins guide Tools Autoblock Appealing a block Guide to appealing blocks UTRS Unblock Ticket Request System Blocking IP addresses Range blocks IPv6 Open proxies Global locks Banning policy ArbCom appeals Sanctions Personal sanctions General sanctions Discretionary sanctions and Log Essay Long-term abuse Standard offer Related to accounts Sock puppetry Single-purpose account Sleeper account Vandalism-only account Wikibreak Enforcer Retiring Courtesy vanishing Clean start Quiet return User groups and global user groups Requests for permissions Admin instructions Admin guide Account creator PERM Autopatrolled PERM AutoWikiBrowser PERM Confirmed PERM Extended confirmed PERM Edit filter helper File mover PERM Mass message sender PERM New page reviewer PERM Page mover PERM Pending changes reviewer PERM Rollback PERM Template editor PERM IP-block-exempt Requests Courses access Requests Bot accounts Requests Global rights policy OTRS Volunteer Response Team Advanced user groups Administrators RfA Bureaucrats RfB Edit filter manager Requests CheckUser and Oversight Requests Founder Committees and related Arbitration Committee Mediation Committee Bot approvals group Functionaries Clerks Governance Administration FAQ Formal organization Editorial oversight and control Quality control Wikimedia Foundation Board Founder's seat Meta-Wiki Leadership opportunities WikiProjects Elections Policies and guidelines Unbundling administrators' powers Petitions Noticeboards Consensus Dispute resolution Reforms Retrieved from "" Categories: Wikipedia blockingHidden categories: Wikipedia semi-protected project pages

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