Contents 1 Plot 2 Cast 2.1 Additional voices 3 Characters 4 Production 4.1 Development 4.2 Casting 4.3 Writing 4.4 Filming 4.5 Animation and post-production 4.6 Music 5 Release 5.1 Home media 6 Reception 6.1 Critical response 6.2 Awards and honors 7 Legacy 7.1 Controversy 7.2 Legal issue 7.3 Proposed sequel 7.4 Roger Rabbit dance 8 Notes 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links

Plot[edit] In 1947 Los Angeles, "toons" act in theatrical cartoon shorts as with live-action films; they regularly interact with real people and animals and reside in Toontown. Private detective Eddie Valiant and his brother, Teddy, once worked closely with the toons on several famous cases, but after Teddy was killed by a toon, Eddie lapsed into alcoholism and vowed never to work for toons again. R.K. Maroon, head of Maroon Cartoon Studios, is concerned about the recent poor performances of one of his biggest stars, Roger Rabbit. Maroon hires Valiant to investigate rumors about Roger's voluptuous toon wife Jessica being romantically involved with businessman and gadget inventor, Marvin Acme, owner of both Acme Corporation and Toontown. After watching Jessica perform at the underground Ink and Paint Club, Valiant secretly photographs her and Acme playing patty-cake in her dressing room, which he shows to Roger. Maroon suggests to Roger that he should leave Jessica, but a drunken Roger refuses and flees. The next morning, Acme is discovered dead at his factory by the Los Angeles Police Department with a safe dropped on his head, and evidence points to Roger being responsible. While investigating, Valiant meets Judge Doom, Toontown's superior court judge, who has created a substance capable of killing a toon: a toxic "dip" made of turpentine, acetone, and benzene. Valiant runs into Roger's toon co-star, Baby Herman, who believes Roger is innocent and that Acme's missing will, which will give the toons ownership of Toontown, may be the key to his murder. Valiant finds Roger, who begs him to help exonerate him, hiding in his office. Valiant reluctantly hides Roger in a local bar, where his ex-girlfriend, Dolores, works. Jessica approaches Valiant and says that Maroon forced her to pose for the photographs so he could blackmail Acme. Doom and his toon weasel henchmen discover Roger, but he and Valiant escape with Benny, an anthropomorphic taxicab. They flee to a theater, where Valiant tells Roger that a toon killed Teddy when they were investigating a bank robbery by dropping a piano on his head. As they leave with Dolores, Valiant sees a newsreel detailing the sale of Maroon Cartoons to Cloverleaf, a mysterious corporation that bought the city's trolley network shortly before Acme's murder. Valiant goes to the studio to confront Maroon, leaving Roger to guard outside, but Jessica knocks Roger out and puts him in the trunk. Maroon tells Valiant that he blackmailed Acme into selling his company so he could sell the studio, but is killed before he can explain the consequences of the missing will. Valiant spots Jessica fleeing the scene, and assuming she is the culprit, follows her into Toontown. Jessica reveals that Doom killed Acme and Maroon and gave her his will for safekeeping, but she discovered that the will was blank. She and Valiant are captured by Doom and the weasels. At the Acme factory, Doom reveals his plot to destroy Toontown with a machine loaded with dip to build a freeway, the only way past Toontown since Cloverleaf (which Doom owns) has bought out Los Angeles' Pacific Electric Railway. Roger unsuccessfully attempts to save Jessica, and the couple is tied onto a hook in front of the machine's hose. Valiant performs a comedic vaudeville act, causing the weasels to die of laughter; Valiant kicks their leader into the machine's dip vat, killing him. Valiant fights Doom, who is flattened by a steamroller, but survives, revealing him as a toon. Doom reveals that he killed Teddy. Valiant uses a toon mallet with a spring-loaded boxing glove and fires it at a switch that causes the machine to empty its dip onto Doom, dissolving him. The empty machine crashes through the wall into Toontown, where it is destroyed by a train. Toons run in to regard Doom's remains, and Roger discovers that he inadvertently wrote his love letter for Jessica on Acme's will, which was written in invisible ink. Roger shocks Valiant with a joy buzzer, and Valiant gives him a kiss, having regained his sense of humor. Valiant happily enters Toontown with Dolores, and Roger with Jessica, followed by the other toons.

Cast[edit] Bob Hoskins played the role of Eddie Valiant Bob Hoskins as Eddie Valiant Christopher Lloyd as Judge Doom Charles Fleischer as Roger Rabbit Stubby Kaye as Marvin Acme Joanna Cassidy as Dolores Alan Tilvern as R.K. Maroon Lou Hirsch as Baby Herman Additional voices[edit] Mel Blanc voiced Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Tweety, and Sylvester (Roger Rabbit was one of the final productions in which Blanc voiced his Looney Tunes characters before his death the following year). Joe Alaskey voiced Yosemite Sam and Foghorn Leghorn (in place of the elderly Blanc), Wayne Allwine voiced Mickey Mouse, Tony Anselmo voiced Donald Duck (with an archival recording of Clarence Nash, the original voice of Donald, used at the beginning of the scene[7]), Tony Pope voiced Goofy (also partially voiced by Bill Farmer[8]) and the Big Bad Wolf, Mae Questel reprised her role of Betty Boop, Russi Taylor voiced Minnie Mouse and some birds, Pat Buttram, Jim Cummings, and Jim Gallant voiced Valiant's animated bullets, Les Perkins voiced Mr. Toad, Mary Radford voiced Hyacinth Hippo from Fantasia, Nancy Cartwright voiced the dipped shoe, Cherry Davis voiced Woody Woodpecker, Peter Westy voiced Pinocchio, and Frank Welker voiced Dumbo. Animation director Richard Williams voiced Droopy. April Winchell provides the voice of Mrs. Herman and the "baby noises". David Lander voices Smart Ass, the leader of the weasels, Fred Newman voices Stupid, and June Foray voices Wheezy and Lena Hyena, a toon who resembles Jessica Rabbit and provides a comical role which shows her falling for Eddie and pursuing him.

Characters[edit] Main articles: Roger Rabbit and Jessica Rabbit The main characters of the film are Roger Rabbit, a cartoon rabbit, his cartoon-human wife Jessica Rabbit, and human detective Eddie Valiant and Judge Doom. Other characters in the film include: Baby Herman is Roger's major co-star in the animated shorts in which they appear. He is Roger's best friend. Baby Herman's "mother", Mrs. Herman (voiced by April Winchell), makes an appearance at the beginning of Who Framed Roger Rabbit and its spin-off short films, but she is only shown from the waist down. Baby Herman and Roger Rabbit comprised an Abbott and Costello-like comedy team for the fictitious Maroon Cartoons studio in the 1940s. A typical Roger/Baby Herman cartoon consists of Roger being given responsibility for Baby Herman's well-being; Herman immediately begins crawling through a number of dangerous situations from which Roger must rescue him. In the process, Roger suffers extravagant injuries and humiliations reminiscent of those in classic Tex Avery cartoons, while Baby Herman remains unscathed. For both book adaptations, Baby Herman was murdered, leaving behind a doppelganger for Eddie Valiant to help solve the crime. In the film, Baby Herman's role was downplayed. In one scene, he tells Eddie that that Roger did not murder Marvin Acme and tips off that Acme had a will that promised to leave Toontown to the Toons, which is the reason why Acme was killed. Baby Herman later appears at the end of the film, expressing his annoyance that Acme did not leave his will where it could easily be found. Despite his name and appearance, "Baby" Herman is actually a middle-aged, cigar-smoking Toon who looks like an infant. While filming "in character", he speaks baby talk in a typical baby boy's voice provided by Winchell; off-camera, he has a loud, gravelly voice provided by Lou Hirsch. Animation director Richard Williams loved the character of "adult" Baby Herman so much that he personally animated all of the scenes of the character in the film. When he loses his cigar and finds himself unable to reach it, he starts crying like a baby (albeit with his voice still sounding like a middle-aged man). Benny the Cab is a taxicab that services the Los Angeles area in the film Who Framed Roger Rabbit. He is voiced in all appearances by Charles Fleischer. His license plate reads Looney. In the original story, Who Censored Roger Rabbit?, Benny was a thug and had a minor role as a trader in second-hand items. The character was expanded for the movie, as an anthropomorphized colorful yellow Volkswagen Beetle-style taxi cab that takes Roger where he needs to go. The Toon Patrol is a group of five anthropomorphic animated tailless weasels who serve as henchmen to Judge Doom in Who Framed Roger Rabbit. They serve as the secondary antagonists of the film. In the film, the Toon Patrol comprises the "police officers" of Toontown, but they behave less like law enforcers and more like gangsters and crooks. Judge Doom hires them to capture Roger Rabbit for the murder of Marvin Acme. The Toon Patrol drives around in a black Dodge Humpback paddy wagon labeled with the Los Angeles city seal like with cruisers of the Los Angeles Police Department. The weasels enjoy laughing at the misery of others, including each other. Like all the other Toons in the movie, they are invincible to physical body harm except for the dip. However, prolonged laughter is also shown to be lethal to them. Eddie Valiant jokes around in front of them during the climax of the movie, causing all but Smartass to "die" from laughing at him, after which their Toon souls rise to heaven in angel forms. According to Judge Doom, they once had hyena cousins that died in the same manner. While being designed, the weasels and their fondness of weapons were modeled after the weasels in the 1949 Disney cartoon The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad. The weasels make an appearance in the Roger Rabbit's Car Toon Spin attraction located at Disneyland and Tokyo Disneyland. Dolores (Joanna Cassidy) is Eddie Valiant's girlfriend who works as a waitress in a bar. She is involved in helping Eddie solve the case against Judge Doom. R.K. Maroon (Alan Tilvern) is the owner of Maroon Cartoons. He paid Eddie $100 to photograph Jessica and Marvin Acme, which eventually led to Acme's murder. Maroon later admitted that he was trying to blackmail Acme into selling Toontown to Cloverleaf Industries so that he could sell his studio as well, since Cloverleaf wanted to buy both properties at once. Before he could reveal who was behind the plot, he was shot and killed by Judge Doom. Marvin Acme (Stubby Kaye) is the owner of Acme Products and Toontown. He is known around Hollywood as "the gag king" for the prank items he makes his living selling. Among his top sellers are Disappearing/Reappearing Ink and a hand buzzer. In a blackmail scheme by R.K. Maroon, he has an "affair" with Toon Jessica Rabbit which Eddie Valiant (who briefly meets Acme) photographs. Acme is murdered later that night by Judge Doom, who drops a safe on his head and frames Jessica's husband, Roger. Lt. Santino (Richard LeParmentier) is a lieutenant with the LAPD, and friend of Eddie. He accompanies Eddie to the Acme factory, where Marvin Acme has been murdered and everyone suspects Roger. Here they are introduced to Judge Doom who explains the ingredients of the Dip. When Doom demonstrates the Dip on a defenceless Toon shoe, Santino turns away in distress, unable to watch the Toon die. Santino is present with several officers when Eddie discovers that it was Doom who killed Acme along with Maroon and Teddy. Theodore "Teddy" J. Valiant is the deceased brother of Eddie. Teddy was killed by a piano dropped onto him by a Toon later revealed to be Judge Doom while investigating a robbery in Toontown. Due to his brother's death, Eddie, with whom Teddy had cracked many a case and helped Toons who were in trouble, vowed never to work for a Toon again and wouldn't for many years. To honor his brother, Eddie left Teddy's desk the way it was the day he died and refuses to allow anyone to sit at it. Eddie avenged his brother's death when he destroyed Doom with his own Dip. Angelo (Richard Ridings) is a client of Dolores's bar. Eddie is not particularly fond of Angelo, as he makes fun of Eddie for his detective work. Eddie regards Angelo as the kind of guy who would sell someone out at the first opportunity, but Angelo helps Roger avoid Judge Doom's search after Roger makes him laugh. When asked by Doom if he has seen a rabbit, Angelo mocks him by gesturing to a patch of empty space and saying, "Say hello to the Judge, Harvey." - a reference to the 1944 play of that name by Mary Coyle Chase. Bongo (voiced by Morgan Deare, Roger Rabbit's Car Toon Spin voiced by Jeff Bergman) is a cartoon gorilla bouncer of The Ink and Paint Club. The password that Eddie uses to get in was "Walt sent me" and Bongo lets him in. He also tosses Eddie out of the club when he catches Eddie spying on Jessica Rabbit and Marvin P. Acme in Jessica's dressing room. Lena Hyena is a Toon Hag that resembles Jessica Rabbit. When Eddie was looking for Jessica Rabbit, he saw what appeared to be her in an apartment building. When Eddie entered the room, he encountered Lena Hyena who developed a crush on Eddie and chased him around parts of Toon Town. Eddie was able to get rid of her by tricking her into running into the wall of a building. The Toon Bullets are a group of six bullets with personalities similar to those of characters in Western movies. They were a present from Yosemite Sam, thanking Eddie for "springing him from the hoosegow." When Eddie Valiant decides to enter Toontown in pursuit of Judge Doom, he discards his pistol in favor of an oversized Toon revolver and loads the bullets into it. He fires at Doom, but the bullets become confused as to where he went and turn in the wrong direction. "Dum-dums," Eddie says sourly. (This is a wordplay insofar as dum-dums are a type of bullet, specifically ones which are hollow-nosed or soft-nosed.)

Production[edit] Development[edit] Walt Disney Productions purchased the film rights to Gary K. Wolf's novel Who Censored Roger Rabbit? shortly after its publication in 1981. Ron W. Miller, then president of Disney, saw it as a perfect opportunity to produce a blockbuster.[9] Jeffrey Price and Peter S. Seaman were hired to write the script, penning two drafts. Robert Zemeckis offered his services as director in 1982,[10] but Disney declined as his two previous films (I Wanna Hold Your Hand and Used Cars) had been box-office bombs.[11] Between 1981 and 1983 Disney developed test footage with Darrell Van Citters as animation director, Paul Reubens voicing Roger Rabbit, Peter Renaday as Eddie Valiant, and Russi Taylor as Jessica Rabbit.[12] The project was revamped in 1985 by Michael Eisner, the then-new CEO of Disney. Amblin Entertainment, which consisted of Steven Spielberg, Frank Marshall and Kathleen Kennedy, were approached to produce Who Framed Roger Rabbit alongside Disney. The original budget was projected at $50 million, which Disney felt was too expensive.[13] Roger Rabbit was finally green-lit when the budget decreased to $30 million, which at the time still made it the most expensive animated film ever green-lit.[13] Walt Disney Studios chairman Jeffrey Katzenberg argued that the hybrid of live action and animation would "save" Disney's animation department. Spielberg's contract included an extensive amount of creative control and a large percentage of the box-office profits. Disney kept all merchandising rights.[13] Spielberg convinced Warner Bros., Fleischer Studios, King Features Syndicate, Felix the Cat Productions, Turner Entertainment, and Universal Pictures/Walter Lantz Productions to "lend" their characters to appear in the film with (in some cases) stipulations on how those characters were portrayed; for example, Disney's Donald Duck and Warner's Daffy Duck appear as equally talented dueling pianists, and Mickey Mouse and Bugs Bunny also share a scene. Apart from this agreement, Warner Bros. and the various other companies were not involved in the production of Roger Rabbit. Additionally, the producers were unable to acquire the rights to use Popeye, Tom and Jerry, Little Lulu, Casper the Friendly Ghost, or the Terrytoons for appearances from their respective owners (King Features, Turner, Western Publishing, Harvey Comics, and Viacom).[10][11] Terry Gilliam was offered the chance to direct, but he found the project too technically challenging. ("Pure laziness on my part," he later admitted, "I completely regret that decision.")[14] Robert Zemeckis was hired to direct in 1985, based on the success of Romancing the Stone and Back to the Future. Disney executives were continuing to suggest Darrell Van Citters to direct the animated sequences, but Spielberg and Zemeckis decided against it.[13] Richard Williams was eventually hired to direct the animation. Zemeckis wanted the film to imbue "Disney's high quality of animation, Warner Bros.' characterization, and Tex Avery humor".[15] Casting[edit] Harrison Ford was Spielberg's original choice to play Eddie Valiant, but Ford's price was too high.[16] Bill Murray was also considered for the part, but due to his idiosyncratic method of receiving offers for roles, Murray missed out on it.[17] Eddie Murphy reportedly turned down the role of Eddie, which he later came to regret.[18] Several other actors were also considered for the role of Eddie Valiant, including Chevy Chase, Robert Redford, Jack Nicholson, Sylvester Stallone, Wallace Shawn, Ed Harris, Charles Grodin, and Don Lane.[19] To facilitate Hoskins' performance, Charles Fleischer dressed in a Roger bunny suit and "stood in" behind camera for most scenes.[20] Animation director Williams explained Roger Rabbit was a combination of "Tex Avery's cashew nut-shaped head, the swatch of red Droopy's, Goofy's overalls, Porky Pig's bow tie, Mickey Mouse's gloves, and Bugs Bunny-like cheeks and ears."[10] Kathleen Turner provided the uncredited voice of Jessica Rabbit, Roger Rabbit's Toon wife.[21] Christopher Lloyd was cast because he previously worked with Zemeckis and Amblin Entertainment on Back to the Future. Lloyd compared his part as Doom to his previous role as the Klingon commander Kruge in Star Trek III: The Search for Spock, both being overly evil characters which he considered being "fun to play".[22] Lloyd avoided blinking his eyes while on camera to perfectly portray the character.[11]Tim Curry originally auditioned for the role of Judge Doom, but after his audition, the producers found him too terrifying for the role.[23] Christopher Lee was also considered for the role, but turned it down.[19] Several other actors were also considered for the role of Judge Doom, including John Cleese, Roddy McDowall, Eddie Deezen, and Sting.[19] Fleischer also voiced Benny the Cab and two members of Doom's weasel gang, Psycho and Greasy. Lou Hirsch, who supplied the voice for Baby Herman, was the original choice for Benny the Cab, but was replaced by Fleischer.[20] Writing[edit] Price and Seaman were brought aboard to continue writing the script once Spielberg and Zemeckis were hired. For inspiration, the two writers studied the work of Walt Disney and Warner Bros. Cartoons from the Golden Age of American animation, especially Tex Avery and Bob Clampett cartoons. The Cloverleaf streetcar subplot was inspired by Chinatown.[10] Price and Seaman said that "the Red Car plot, suburb expansion, urban and political corruption really did happen," Price stated. "In Los Angeles, during the 1940s, car and tire companies teamed up against the Pacific Electric Railway system and bought them out of business. Where the freeway runs in Los Angeles is where the Red Car used to be."[11] In Wolf's novel Who Censored Roger Rabbit?, the toons were comic-strip characters rather than movie stars.[10] During the writing process, Price and Seaman were unsure of whom to include as the villain in the plot. They wrote scripts that had either Jessica Rabbit or Baby Herman as the villain, but they made their final decision with newly created character Judge Doom. Doom was supposed to have an animated vulture sit on his shoulder, but this was deleted due to the technical challenges this posed.[11] Doom would also have a suitcase of 12 small animated kangaroos that act as a jury, by having their joeys pop out of their pouches, each with letters, when put together would spell YOU ARE GUILTY. This was also cut for budget and technical reasons.[24] Doom's five-man weasel gang (Stupid, Smart Ass, Greasy, Wheezy, and Psycho) satirizes the Seven Dwarfs (Doc, Grumpy, Happy, Sleepy, Bashful, Sneezy, and Dopey), who appeared in Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937). Originally, seven weasels were to mimic the dwarf's complement, but eventually, two of them, Slimey and Slezey, were written out of the script.[11] Further references included The "Ink and Paint Club" resembling the Harlem Cotton Club, while Zemeckis compared Judge Doom's invention of "the dip" to eliminate all the toons as Hitler's Final Solution.[10] Doom was originally the hunter who killed Bambi's mother. [24] Benny the Cab was first conceived to be a Volkswagen Beetle before being changed to a taxicab. Ideas originally conceived for the story also included a sequence set at Marvin Acme's funeral, whose attendees included Eddie, Foghorn Leghorn, Mickey Mouse, Minnie Mouse, Tom and Jerry, Heckle and Jeckle, Chip n' Dale, Mighty Mouse, Superman, Popeye, Olive Oyl, Bluto, Clarabelle Cow, and the Seven Dwarfs in cameo appearances. However, the scene was cut for pacing reasons and never made it past the storyboard stage.[24] Before finally agreeing on Who Framed Roger Rabbit as the film's title, working titles included Murder in Toontown, Toons, Dead Toons Don't Pay Bills, The Toontown Trial, Trouble in Toontown, and Eddie Goes to Toontown.[25] Filming[edit] Judge Doom (Christopher Lloyd) threatens Roger Rabbit before introducing him to the dip. Mime artists, puppeteers, mannequins, and robotic arms were commonly used during filming to help the actors interact with "open air and imaginative cartoon characters".[20] Animation director Richard Williams admitted he was "openly disdainful of the Disney bureaucracy"[26] and refused to work in Los Angeles. To accommodate him and his animators, production was moved to Elstree Studios in Hertfordshire, England. Disney and Spielberg also told Williams that in return for doing Roger Rabbit, they would help distribute his uncompleted film The Thief and the Cobbler.[26] Supervising animators included Dale Baer, James Baxter, David Bowers, Andreas Deja, Chris Jenkins, Phil Nibbelink, Nik Ranieri, and Simon Wells. The animation production, headed by associate producer Don Hahn, was split between Richard Williams' London studio and a specialized unit in Los Angeles, set up by Walt Disney Feature Animation and supervised by Dale Baer.[27] The production budget continued to escalate, while the shooting schedule lapsed longer than expected. When the budget reached $40 million, Disney president Michael Eisner seriously considered shutting down production, but Jeffrey Katzenberg talked him out of it.[26] Despite the budget escalating to over $50 million, Disney moved forward on production because they were enthusiastic to work with Spielberg.[13] VistaVision cameras installed with motion-control technology were used for the photography of the live-action scenes which would be composited with animation. Rubber mannequins of Roger Rabbit, Baby Herman, and the weasels would portray the animated characters during rehearsals to teach the actors where to look when acting with "open air and imaginative cartoon characters".[20] Many of the live-action props held by cartoon characters were shot on set with either robotic arms holding the props or the props were manipulated by strings, similar to a marionette.[11] The actor who played the voice of Roger, Charles Fleischer, insisted on wearing a Roger Rabbit costume while on the set, to get into character.[20] Filming began on December 2, 1986, and lasted for seven months at Elstree Studios, with an additional month in Los Angeles and at Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) for blue screen effects of Toontown. The entrance of Desilu Studios served as the fictional Maroon Cartoon Studio lot.[28] Animation and post-production[edit] Post-production lasted for 14 months.[11] Because the film was made before computer animation and digital compositing were widely used, all the animation was done using cels and optical compositing.[20] First, the animators and lay-out artists were given black-and-white printouts of the live-action scenes (known as "photo stats"), and they placed their animation paper on top of them. The artists then drew the animated characters in relationship to the live-action footage. Due to Zemeckis' dynamic camera moves, the animators had to confront the challenge of ensuring the characters were not "slipping and slipping all over the place."[20][11] After rough animation was complete, it was run through the normal process of traditional animation until the cels were shot on the rostrum camera with no background. The animated footage was then sent to ILM for compositing, where technicians animated three lighting layers (shadows, highlights, and tone mattes) separately, to make the cartoon characters look three-dimensional and give the illusion of the characters being affected by the lighting on set.[20] Finally, the lighting effects were optically composited on to the cartoon characters, who were, in turn, composited into the live-action footage. One of the most difficult effects in the film was Jessica's dress in the nightclub scene, because it had flashing sequins, an effect accomplished by filtering light through a plastic bag scratched with steel wool.[10] Music[edit] Who Framed Roger Rabbit (Soundtrack from the Motion Picture) Soundtrack album by Alan Silvestri and the London Symphony Orchestra Released June 22, 1988 Recorded April 3, 1988 Genre Soundtrack Length 45:57 Label Buena Vista Regular Zemeckis collaborator Alan Silvestri composed the film score, performed by the London Symphony Orchestra (LSO) under the direction of Silvestri. Zemeckis joked that "the British [musicians] could not keep up with Silvestri's jazz tempo". The performances of the music themes written for Jessica Rabbit were entirely improvised by the LSO. The work of American composer Carl Stalling heavily influenced Silvestri's work on Who Framed Roger Rabbit.[20][11] The film's soundtrack was originally released by Buena Vista Records on June 22, 1988, and reissued by Walt Disney Records on CD on April 16, 2002.[29] On January 23, 2018 Intrada Records released a 3-CD set with complete score, alternates, remastered version of original 1988 album plus music from 3 Roger Rabbit short films, composed & conducted by Bruce Broughton and James Horner[30]. No. Title Writer(s) Performer(s) Length 1. "Maroon Logo" Alan Silvestri Alan Silvestri 0:19 2. "Maroon Cartoon" Silvestri Silvestri 3:25 3. "Valiant & Valiant" Silvestri Silvestri 4:22 4. "The Weasels" Silvestri Silvestri 2:08 5. "Hungarian Rhapsody (Dueling Pianos)" arranged by Silvestri Tony Anselmo, Mel Blanc 1:53 6. "Judge Doom" Silvestri Silvestri 3:47 7. "Why Don't You Do Right?" Joseph "Kansas Joe" McCoy Amy Irving 3:07 8. "No Justice for Toons" Silvestri Silvestri 2:45 9. "The Merry-Go-Round Broke Down (Roger's Song)" Dave Franklin, Cliff Friend Charles Fleischer 0:47 10. "Jessica's Theme" Silvestri Silvestri 2:03 11. "Toontown" Silvestri Silvestri 1:57 12. "Eddie's Theme" Silvestri Silvestri 5:22 13. "The Gag Factory" Silvestri Silvestri 3:48 14. "The Will" Silvestri Silvestri 1:10 15. "Smile, Darn Ya, Smile!" Jack Meskill, Charles O'Flynn, Max Rich Toon Chorus 1:17 16. "End Title (Who Framed Roger Rabbit)" Silvestri Silvestri 4:56

Release[edit] Michael Eisner, then CEO, and Roy E. Disney, Vice Chairman of the Walt Disney Company, felt Who Framed Roger Rabbit was too risqué with sexual references.[31] Eisner and Zemeckis disagreed over various elements of the film, but since Zemeckis had final cut privilege, he refused to make alterations.[20] Roy E. Disney, head of Feature Animation along with studio chief Jeffrey Katzenberg, felt it was appropriate to release the film under their Touchstone Pictures banner instead of the traditional Walt Disney Pictures banner.[31] Who Framed Roger Rabbit opened in the United States on June 22, 1988, grossing $11,226,239 in 1,045 theaters during its opening weekend, ranking first place in the domestic box office.[32] The film went on to gross $156,452,370 in North America and $173,351,588 internationally, coming to a worldwide total of $329,803,958. At the time of release, Roger Rabbit was the 20th-highest grossing film of all time.[33] The film was also the second-highest grossing film of 1988, behind only Rain Man.[34] Zemeckis has revealed a three-dimensional reissue could be possible.[35] Home media[edit] Who Framed Roger Rabbit was first released on VHS on October 12, 1989.[36] A Laserdisc edition was also released. A DVD version was first available on September 28, 1999. On March 25, 2003, Buena Vista Home Entertainment released it as a part of the "Vista Series" line in a two-disc collection with many extra features including a documentary, Behind the Ears: The True Story of Roger Rabbit; a deleted scene in which a pig's head is "tooned" onto Eddie's own; the three Roger Rabbit shorts, "Tummy Trouble", "Roller Coaster Rabbit", and "Trail Mix-Up"; as well as a booklet and interactive games. The only short on the 2003 VHS release was "Tummy Trouble". On March 12, 2013, Who Framed Roger Rabbit was released by Touchstone Home Entertainment on Blu-ray Disc and DVD combo pack special edition for the film's 25th anniversary.[37][38] The film was also digitally restored by Disney for its 25th Anniversary. Frame-by-frame digital restoration was done by Prasad Studios removing dirt, tears, scratches, and other defects.[39][40]

Reception[edit] Critical response[edit] Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes gave the film an approval rating of 97% based on 62 reviews and an average score of 8.4/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Who Framed Roger Rabbit is an innovative and entertaining film that features a groundbreaking mix of live action and animation, with a touching and original story to boot."[41] Aggregator Metacritic calculated a score of 83 out of 100 based on 15 reviews, indicating "universal acclaim".[42] Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film four stars out of four, predicting it would carry "the type of word of mouth that money can't buy. This movie is not only great entertainment, but [also] a breakthrough in craftsmanship."[43] Ebert and his colleague Gene Siskel of the Chicago Tribune spent a considerable amount of time in the Siskel & Ebert episode in which they reviewed the film analyzing the film's painstaking filmmaking. Siskel also praised the film, and ranked it number two on his top-ten films list for 1988, while Ebert ranked it as number eight on a similar list.[44] Janet Maslin of The New York Times commented, "although this isn't the first time that cartoon characters have shared the screen with live actors, it's the first time they've done it on their own terms and make it look real".[45] Desson Thomson of The Washington Post considered Roger Rabbit to be "a definitive collaboration of pure talent. Zemeckis had Walt Disney Pictures' enthusiastic backing, producer Steven Spielberg's pull, Warner Bros.'s blessing, Canadian animator Richard Williams' ink and paint, Mel Blanc's voice, Jeffrey Price and Peter S. Seaman's witty, frenetic screenplay, George Lucas' Industrial Light and Magic, and Bob Hoskins' comical performance as the burliest, shaggiest private eye."[46] Gene Shalit on the Today Show also praised the film, calling it "one of the most extraordinary movies ever made".[47] called it "a technically-marvelous film" and a "landmark" that resulted from "unprecedented cooperation" between Warner Bros. and Disney.[48] Conversely, Richard Corliss, writing for Time, gave a mixed review. "The opening cartoon works just fine but too fine. The opening scene upstages the movie that emerges from it," he said. Corliss was mainly annoyed by the homages to the Golden Age of American animation.[49] Animation legend Chuck Jones made a rather scathing attack on the film in his book Chuck Jones Conversations. Among his complaints, Jones accused Robert Zemeckis of robbing Richard Williams of any creative input and ruining the piano duel that both Williams and he storyboarded.[50] Awards and honors[edit] Who Framed Roger Rabbit won three competitive Academy Awards and a Special Achievement Award. It became the first live-action/animation hybrid film to win multiple Academy Awards since Mary Poppins in 1964. It won Academy Awards for Best Sound Effects Editing (Charles L. Campbell and Louis Edemann), Best Visual Effects and Best Film Editing. Other nominations included Best Art Direction (Art Direction: Elliot Scott; Set Decoration: Peter Howitt), Best Cinematography and Best Sound (Robert Knudson, John Boyd, Don Digirolamo and Tony Dawe).[51] Richard Williams received a Special Achievement Academy Award "for animation direction and creation of the cartoon characters".[52] Roger Rabbit won the Saturn Award for Best Fantasy Film, as well as Best Direction for Zemeckis and Special Visual Effects. Hoskins, Lloyd, and Cassidy were nominated for their performances, while Alan Silvestri and the screenwriters received nominations.[53] The film was nominated for four categories at the 42nd British Academy Film Awards and won for Best Visual Effects.[54] Roger Rabbit was nominated the Golden Globe for Best Motion Picture (Musical or Comedy), while Hoskins was also nominated for his performance.[55] The film also won the Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation[56] and the Kids' Choice Award for Favorite Movie.

Legacy[edit] See also: List of Who Framed Roger Rabbit media, Toontown Online, and Disney Renaissance Who Framed Roger Rabbit marks the first time that Disney's Mickey Mouse and Warner Bros.' Bugs Bunny have ever officially appeared on-screen together. The success of Who Framed Roger Rabbit rekindled an interest in the Golden Age of American animation, and sparked the modern animation scene.[57] In 1991, Walt Disney Imagineering began to develop Mickey's Toontown for Disneyland, based on the Toontown that appeared in the film. The attraction also features a ride called Roger Rabbit's Car Toon Spin.[31] Three theatrical animated shorts were also produced: Tummy Trouble, played in front of Honey, I Shrunk the Kids; Roller Coaster Rabbit was shown with Dick Tracy; and Trail Mix-Up was included with A Far Off Place.[58][59] The film also inspired a short-lived comic-book and video-game spin-offs, including two PC games, the Japanese version of The Bugs Bunny Crazy Castle (which features Roger instead of Bugs), a 1989 game released on the Nintendo Entertainment System, and a 1991 game released on the Game Boy.[59] In December 2016, the film was selected for preservation in the National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".[60] Controversy[edit] With the film's laserdisc release, Variety first reported in March 1994 that observers uncovered several scenes of antics from the animators that supposedly featured brief nudity of the Jessica Rabbit character. While undetectable when played at the usual rate of 24 film frames per second, the Laserdisc player allowed the viewer to advance frame-by-frame to uncover these visuals. Whether or not they were actually intended to depict the nudity of the character remains unknown.[61][62] Many retailers said that within minutes of the Laserdisc debut, their entire inventory was sold out. The run was fueled by media reports about the controversy, including stories on CNN and various newspapers.[63] Another frequently debated scene includes one in which Baby Herman extends his middle finger as he passes under a woman's dress and re-emerges with drool on his lip.[62][64] Also, controversy exists over the scene where Daffy Duck and Donald Duck are playing a piano duel, and during his trademark ranting gibberish, it is claimed that Donald calls Daffy a "goddamn stupid nigger"; however, this is a misinterpretation, with the line from the script being "doggone stubborn little—."[65][66][67] Legal issue[edit] Gary K. Wolf, author of the novel Who Censored Roger Rabbit?, filed a lawsuit in 2001 against the Walt Disney Company. Wolf claimed he was owed royalties based on the value of "gross receipts" and merchandising sales. In 2002, the trial court in the case ruled that these only referred to actual cash receipts Disney collected and denied Wolf's claim. In its January 2004 ruling, the California Court of Appeal disagreed, finding that expert testimony introduced by Wolf regarding the customary use of "gross receipts" in the entertainment business could support a broader reading of the term. The ruling vacated the trial court's order in favor of Disney and remanded the case for further proceedings.[68] In a March 2005 hearing, Wolf estimated he was owed $7 million. Disney's attorneys not only disputed the claim, but also said Wolf actually owed Disney $500,000–$1 million because of an accounting error discovered in preparing for the lawsuit.[69] Wolf won the decision in 2005, receiving between $180,000 and $400,000 in damages.[70] Proposed sequel[edit] With the film's critical and financial success, Disney and Spielberg felt it was obviously time to plan a second installment. J. J. Abrams says that he met Spielberg in 1989 to discuss working on a sequel, to the extent of preparing an outline and storyboards.[71] More substantial work was done by Nat Mauldin, who wrote a prequel titled Roger Rabbit: The Toon Platoon, set in 1941. Similar to the previous film, Toon Platoon featured many cameo appearances by characters from the Golden Age of American animation. It began with Roger Rabbit's early years, living on a farm in the Midwestern United States.[57] With human Ritchie Davenport, Roger travels west to seek his mother, in the process meeting Jessica Krupnick (his future wife), a struggling Hollywood actress. While Roger and Ritchie are enlisting in the Army, Jessica is kidnapped and forced to make pro-Nazi Germany broadcasts. Roger and Ritchie must save her by going into Nazi-occupied Europe accompanied by several other Toons in their Army platoon. After their triumph, Roger and Ritchie are given a Hollywood Boulevard parade, and Roger is finally reunited with his mother, and father: Bugs Bunny.[57][72] Mauldin later retitled his script Who Discovered Roger Rabbit. Spielberg left the project when deciding he could not satirize Nazis after directing Schindler's List.[73][74] Eisner commissioned a rewrite in 1997 with Sherri Stoner and Deanna Oliver. Although they kept Roger's search for his mother, Stoner and Oliver replaced the WWII subplot with Roger's inadvertent rise to stardom on Broadway and Hollywood. Disney was impressed and Alan Menken was hired to write five songs for the film and offered his services as executive producer.[74] One of the songs, "This Only Happens in the Movies", was recorded in 2008 on the debut album of Broadway actress Kerry Butler.[75] Eric Goldberg was set to be the new animation director, and began to redesign Roger's new character appearance.[74] Spielberg had no interest in the project because he was establishing DreamWorks, although Frank Marshall and Kathleen Kennedy decided to stay on as producers. Test footage for Who Discovered Roger Rabbit was shot sometime in 1998 at the Disney animation unit in Lake Buena Vista, Florida; the results were a mix of CGI, traditional animation, and live action that did not please Disney. A second test had the Toons completely converted to CGI; but this was dropped as the film's projected budget escalated well past $100 million. Eisner felt it was best to cancel the film.[74] In March 2003, producer Don Hahn was doubtful about a sequel being made, arguing that public tastes had changed since the 1990s with the rise of computer animation. "There was something very special about that time when animation was not as much in the forefront as it is now."[76] In December 2007, Marshall stated that he was still "open" to the idea,[77] and in April 2009, Zemeckis revealed he was still interested.[78] According to a 2009 MTV News story, Jeffrey Price and Peter S. Seaman were writing a new script for the project, and the animated characters would be in traditional two-dimensional, while the rest would be in motion capture.[79] However, in 2010, Zemeckis said that the sequel would remain hand-drawn animated and live-action sequences will be filmed, just like in the original film, but the lighting effects on the cartoon characters and some of the props that the Toons handle will be done digitally.[80] Also in 2010, Don Hahn, who was the film's original associate producer, confirmed the sequel's development in an interview with Empire. He stated, "Yeah, I couldn't possibly comment. I deny completely, but yeah... if you're a fan, pretty soon you're going to be very, very, very happy."[81] In 2010, Bob Hoskins stated he was interested in the project, reprising his role as Eddie Valiant.[82] However, he retired from acting in 2012 after being diagnosed with Parkinson's disease a year earlier, and died from complications in 2014.[83] Marshall has confirmed that the film is a prequel, similar to earlier drafts, and that the writing was almost complete.[84] During an interview at the premiere of Flight, Zemeckis stated that the sequel was still possible, despite Hoskins' absence, and the script for the sequel was sent to Disney for approval from studio executives.[85] In February 2013, Gary K. Wolf, writer of the original novel, said Erik Von Wodtke and he were working on a development proposal for an animated Disney buddy comedy starring Mickey Mouse and Roger Rabbit called The Stooge, based on the 1952 film of the same name. The proposed film is set to a prequel, taking place five years before Who Framed Roger Rabbit and part of the story is about how Roger met Jessica, his future wife. Wolf has stated the film is currently wending its way through Disney.[86] In November 2016, while promoting his latest film, Allied, in England, Zemeckis took some time to have an interview with Robbie Collin of The Daily Telegraph. As the conversation shifted focus to the Roger Rabbit sequel, Zemeckis stated that the sequel "moves the story of Roger and Jessica Rabbit into the next few years of period film, moving on from film noir to the world of the 1950s". He also stated that the sequel would feature a "digital Bob Hoskins", as Eddie Valiant would return in "ghost form". While the director went on to state that the script is "terrific" and the film would still use hand-drawn animation, Zemeckis thinks that the chances of Disney green-lighting the sequel are "slim". As he explained more in detail, "The current corporate Disney culture [the current studio management of The Walt Disney Company] has no interest in Roger, and they certainly don't like Jessica at all."[87] Roger Rabbit dance[edit] Roger Rabbit was the inspiration for a popular dance move in America in the early 1990s, called "the Roger Rabbit" due to the floppy movements of the character in the film.[88][89]

Notes[edit] ^ The budget has been commonly reported as $70 million, including by The New York Times in 1991, who subsequently issued an erratum to state that both Amblin and Touchstone insist the budget was "about $50 million".[2] Publications of the film's accounts since then indicate that the exact production cost of the film was $58,166,000,[3] including the production overhead which came to a total of $7,587,000, putting the net cost at $50,587,000.[4]

References[edit] ^ "WHO FRAMED ROGER RABBIT (PG)". British Board of Film Classification. July 18, 1988. Retrieved September 3, 2014.  ^ Greenburg, James (26 May 1991). "FILM; Why the 'Hudson Hawk' Budget Soared So High". The New York Times. p. 3. Retrieved 4 January 2010.  ^ Block, Alex Ben; Wilson, Lucy Autrey, eds. (2010). George Lucas's Blockbusting: A Decade-By-Decade Survey of Timeless Movies Including Untold Secrets of Their Financial and Cultural Success. HarperCollins. p. 615. ISBN 978-0-06-177889-6. Production cost (with overhead): $58,166 (Unadjusted $s in Thousands of Dollars)  ^ Vogel, Harold L. (2010). Entertainment Industry Economics: A Guide for Financial Analysis. Cambridge University Press. p. 208. ISBN 978-1-107-00309-5. Production cost: 50,579; Production overhead: 7,587 (Data in $000s)  ^ Who Framed Roger Rabbit at Box Office Mojo ^ King, Susan (March 21, 2013). "Classic Hollywood: On the case of 'Roger Rabbit'". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 16, 2013.  ^ "What You Never Knew About Who Framed Roger Rabbit?" (Video). YouTube. Retrieved April 30, 2014.  ^ "2011 Disneyana Fan Club Convention Highlight: Voice Panel" (Video). YouTube. Retrieved April 16, 2013.  ^ Stewart, p.72 ^ a b c d e f g Norman Kagan (May 2003). "Who Framed Roger Rabbit". The Cinema of Robert Zemeckis. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 93–117. ISBN 0-87833-293-6.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j Robert Zemeckis, Jeffrey Price and Peter S. Seaman, Ken Ralston, Frank Marshall, Steve Starkey, DVD audio commentary, 2003, Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment ^ TheThiefArchive (September 5, 2014). "Early unmade version of "Who Framed Roger Rabbit" [Paul Reubens, Darrell Van Citters, Disney 1983]". YouTube. Retrieved September 5, 2014.  ^ a b c d e Cite error: The named reference Williams was invoked but never defined (see the help page). ^ Ian Nathan (May 1996). "Dreams: Terry Gilliam's Unresolved Projects". Empire. pp. 37–40.  ^ Don Hahn, Peter Schneider, Waking Sleeping Beauty DVD commentary, 2010, Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment ^ "'Who Framed Roger Rabbit?' And Six Other Big Roles Harrison Ford Missed Out On". July 13, 2015. Retrieved May 26, 2017.  ^ Farr, John (September 19, 2014). "Bill Murray and the Roles That Got Away". Retrieved May 26, 2017.  ^ Cite error: The named reference Evans was invoked but never defined (see the help page). ^ a b c "15 Things You Might Not Know About Who Framed Roger Rabbit". April 10, 2015. Retrieved May 26, 2017.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j Robert Zemeckis, Richard Williams, Bob Hoskins, Charles Fleischer, Frank Marshall, Alan Silvestri, Ken Ralston, Behind the Ears: The True Story of Roger Rabbit, 2003, Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment ^ Rabin, Nathan (May 4, 2012). "Kathleen Turner talks The Perfect Family, Body Heat, and her return to cinema". The A.V. Club. The Onion. Retrieved November 24, 2012.  ^ Harris, Will (October 12, 2012). "Christopher Lloyd on playing a vampire, a taxi driver, a toon, and more". The A.V. Club. Retrieved October 17, 2012.  ^ Staff, Brian Galindo BuzzFeed. "20 Things You Didn't Know About "Who Framed Roger Rabbit"". BuzzFeed. Retrieved May 26, 2017.  ^ a b c Who Shot Roger Rabbit, 1986 script by Jeffrey Price and Peter S. Seaman ^ DVD production notes ^ a b c Stewart, p.87 ^ Wolf, Scott (2008). "DON HAHN talks about 'Who Framed Roger Rabbit?'". Retrieved December 31, 2009. ^ Robert Zemeckis, Frank Marshall, Jeffrey Price, Peter Seaman, Steve Starkey, and Ken Ralston. Who Framed Roger Rabbit - Blu-ray audio commentary, 2013, Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment ^ "Who Framed Roger Rabbit (Alan Silvestri)". Filmtracks. April 16, 2002. Retrieved November 12, 2011.  ^ "Who Framed Roger Rabbit? (3CD)". Intrada's official press-release. January 23, 2018. Retrieved January 25, 2018.  ^ a b c Stewart, p.88 ^ "Weekend Box Office Results for June 24-26, 1988". Box Office Mojo. Internet Movie Database. June 27, 1988. Retrieved September 4, 2014.  ^ "Who Framed Roger Rabbit". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved November 1, 2008.  ^ "1988 Domestic Totals". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved November 1, 2008.  ^ Dave Trumbore. "Robert Zemeckis Talks WHO FRAMED ROGER RABBIT Sequel, a Possible 3D Re-Release, 3D Post-Conversions and Possible Remakes of His Other Films" Retrieved March 7, 2013 ^ "More Toons For Grownup `Roger` Fans". Retrieved May 26, 2017.  ^ Lewis, Dave (December 18, 2012). "'Who Framed Roger Rabbit' and more modern Disney classics head to Blu-ray". HitFix. Retrieved January 28, 2013.  ^ Rawden, Jessica (December 18, 2012). "Who Framed Roger Rabbit And Three More Disney Titles To Hit Blu-ray In March". Cinemablend. Retrieved January 28, 2013.  ^, Digital Film Restoration Archived October 13, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Who Framed Roger Rabbit Gets Digital Restoration For 25th Anniversary Screening". March 4, 2013. Retrieved May 26, 2017.  ^ "Who Framed Roger Rabbit". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved January 5, 2018.  ^ "Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988): Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on March 11, 2004. Retrieved November 1, 2008.  ^ Roger Ebert (June 22, 1988). "Who Framed Roger Rabbit". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved November 1, 2008.  ^ Ebert, Roger (December 31, 1988). "The Best 10 Movies of 1988". Roger Ebert's Journal. Retrieved August 3, 2016.  ^ Janet Maslin (June 22, 1988). "Who Framed Roger Rabbit". The New York Times. Retrieved June 7, 2012.  ^ Desson Thomson (June 24, 1988). "Who Framed Roger Rabbit". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 1, 2008.  ^ [1] Roger Rabbit TV spot ^ AMC Filmsite: Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988) Retrieved 15 December 2014 ^ Richard Corliss (June 27, 1988). "Creatures of A Subhuman Species" (Registration required to read article). Time. Retrieved November 1, 2008.  ^ Furniss, Maureen (2005). Chuck Jones: Conversations. Conversations with Comic Artists. Jackson, Miss.: University Press of Mississippi. pp. 152–153. ISBN 1-578067-2-86.  ^ "The 61st Academy Awards (1989) Nominees and Winners". Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved October 16, 2011.  ^ "Who Framed Roger Rabbit". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved November 1, 2008. [permanent dead link] ^ "Past Saturn Awards". Saturn Awards Organization. Archived from the original on December 19, 2008. Retrieved November 1, 2008.  ^ "Who Framed Roger Rabbit". British Academy of Film and Television Arts. Retrieved November 1, 2008.  ^ "Who Framed Roger Rabbit". Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Archived from the original on September 29, 2006. Retrieved November 1, 2008.  ^ "The Hugo Awards: 1989". The Hugo Awards. Retrieved November 1, 2008.  ^ a b c Chris Gore (July 1999). "Roger Rabbit Two: The Toon Platoon". The 50 Greatest Movies Never Made. New York City: St. Martin's Press. pp. 165–168. ISBN 0-312-20082-X.  ^ Aljean Harmetz (July 19, 1989). "Marketing Magic, With Rabbit, for Disney Films". The New York Times.  ^ a b Maria Eftimiades (April 29, 1990). "It's Heigh Ho, as Disney Calls the Toons to Work". The New York Times.  ^ "With "20,000 Leagues," the National Film Registry Reaches 700". Retrieved May 26, 2017.  ^ "No Underwear Under There". Chicago Tribune. March 22, 1994. Retrieved August 18, 2013.  ^ a b Michael Fleming (March 14, 1994). "Jessica Rabbit revealed". Variety. Retrieved November 4, 2008.  ^ Adam Sandler (March 16, 1994). "Rabbit frames feed flap". Variety. Retrieved November 4, 2008.  ^ "Naked Jessica Rabbit". Retrieved July 13, 2009.  ^ Schweizer, Peter; Schweizer, Rochelle (1998). Disney: The Mouse Betrayed. Regnery. pp. 143 & 144. ISBN 0-89526-387-4.  ^ "Quacking Wise".  ^ Smith, Dave. Disney A to Z: The Official Encyclopedia.  ^ Paul Sweeting (February 5, 2004). "Disney, Roger Rabbit author in spat". Video Business. Retrieved November 4, 2008.  ^ Jesse Hiestand (March 22, 2005). "Roger Rabbit Animated In Court". Archived from the original on January 8, 2009. Retrieved November 4, 2008.  ^ "Disney To Pay Wolf 'Rabbit' Royalties". Billboard. July 5, 2005. Retrieved August 24, 2014.  ^ J. J. Abrams; Dan Trachtenberg (March 11, 2016). Episode 791: Nerdist Podcast - J.J. Abrams and Dan Trachtenberg. The Nerdist Podcast. Event occurs at 01:24:55. Retrieved June 13, 2016.  ^ "Script Review: Roger Rabbit II: Toon Platoon". Retrieved September 7, 2012.  ^ Steve Daly (April 16, 2008). "Steven Spielberg and George Lucas: The Titans Talk!". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 17, 2008.  ^ a b c d Martin "Dr. Toon" Goodman (April 3, 2003). "Who Screwed Roger Rabbit?". Animation World Magazine. Archived from the original on February 18, 2009. Retrieved November 3, 2008.  ^ "Kerry Butler's 'Faith, Trust and Pixie Dust' Set For May Release". Broadway World. February 28, 2008. Retrieved November 4, 2008.  ^ Staff (March 26, 2003). "Don't expect a Rabbit sequel". USA Today. Retrieved September 5, 2014.  ^ Shawn Adler (September 11, 2007). "Roger Rabbit Sequel Still In The Offing? Stay Tooned, Says Producer". MTV Movies Blog. Archived from the original on October 17, 2012. Retrieved November 4, 2008.  ^ Eric Ditzian (April 29, 2009). "Robert Zemeckis 'Buzzing' About Second 'Roger Rabbit' Movie". MTV Movies Blog. Archived from the original on June 27, 2012. Retrieved April 29, 2009.  ^ "EXCLUSIVE: Robert Zemeckis Indicates He'll Use Performance-Capture And 3-D In 'Roger Rabbit' Sequel". Archived from the original on November 3, 2010. Retrieved November 12, 2011.  ^ "Toontown Antics - Roger Rabbit's adventures in real and animated life: Roger Rabbit 2 – In 3D?". July 20, 2010. Retrieved November 12, 2011.  ^ "Exclusive: The Lion King To Go 3D! | Movie News | Empire". Retrieved November 12, 2011.  ^ HeyUGuys.Twitter.September 2010 ^ "Bob Hoskins retires from acting". August 8, 2012. Retrieved August 24, 2014.  ^ "Frank Marshall Talks WHO FRAMED ROGER RABBIT 2 Sequel, THE BOURNE LEGACY, THE GOONIES 2, More". Collider. Retrieved October 18, 2012.  ^ Fischer, Russ. "Despite Bob Hoskins' Retirement, the 'Roger Rabbit' Sequel is Still Possible". /Film. Retrieved October 16, 2012.  ^ "• View topic - Mickey Mouse & Roger Rabbit in The Stooge". Retrieved August 24, 2014.  ^ Brew, Simon. "Who Framed Roger Rabbit 2 would include "digital Bob Hoskins"". Den of Geek. Retrieved November 29, 2016.  ^ For example, fitness expert Monica Brant verifies her efforts to learn the dance in the 1990s in Monica Brant, Monica Brant's Secrets to Staying Fit and Loving Life (Sports Publishing LLC, 2005), 4. ^ The dance is even used in the dedication of W. Michael Kelley, The Complete Idiot's Guide to Calculus (Alpha Books, 2002), ii.

Further reading[edit] Mike Bonifer (June 1989). The Art of Who Framed Roger Rabbit. First Glance Books. ISBN 0-9622588-0-6.  Martin Noble (December 1988). Who Framed Roger Rabbit. Novelization of the film. Virgin Books. ISBN 0-352-32389-2.  Gary K. Wolf (July 1991). Who P-P-P-Plugged Roger Rabbit?. Spin-off from the film and Wolf's Who Censored Roger Rabbit?. Villard. ISBN 978-0-679-40094-3.  Bob Foster (1989). Roger Rabbit: The Resurrection of Doom. Comic book sequel between Who Framed Roger Rabbit and the theatrical short Tummy Trouble. Marvel Comics. ISBN 0-87135-593-0. 

External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Who Framed Roger Rabbit. Look up Appendix:Roger Rabbit in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Wikiquote has quotations related to: Who Framed Roger Rabbit Who Framed Roger Rabbit on IMDb Who Framed Roger Rabbit at the TCM Movie Database Who Framed Roger Rabbit at The Big Cartoon DataBase Who Framed Roger Rabbit at Box Office Mojo Who Framed Roger Rabbit at Rotten Tomatoes Who Framed Roger Rabbit at Metacritic Ken P (April 1, 2003). "An Interview with Don Hahn". IGN.  Ken P (March 31, 2003). "An Interview with Andreas Deja". IGN.  Wade Sampson (December 17, 2008). "The Roger Rabbit That Never Was". Mouse Planet.  Andrew, Farago; Bill Desowitz (November 30, 2008). "Roger Rabbit Turns 20". Animation World Network. Archived from the original on December 17, 2008.  Links to related articles v t e Roger Rabbit Characters Roger Rabbit Eddie Valiant Jessica Rabbit Judge Doom Environment Toontown Acme Corporation Media Who Censored Roger Rabbit? Gary K. Wolf Who Framed Roger Rabbit Short films Roger Rabbit's Car Toon Spin Mickey's Toontown Video games Roger Rabbit Who Framed Roger Rabbit (PC, 1988) Who Framed Roger Rabbit (NES, 1989) Hare Raising Havoc Who Framed Roger Rabbit (Game Boy, 1991) v t e Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation The Incredible Shrinking Man (1958) no award (1959) The Twilight Zone (1960) The Twilight Zone (1961) The Twilight Zone (1962) Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb (1965) "The Menagerie" (Star Trek) (1967) "The City on the Edge of Forever" (Star Trek) (1968) 2001: A Space Odyssey (1969) News coverage of Apollo 11 (1970) A Clockwork Orange (1972) Slaughterhouse-Five (1973) Sleeper (1974) Young Frankenstein (1975) A Boy and His Dog (1976) Star Wars (1978) Superman (1979) Alien (1980) The Empire Strikes Back (1981) Raiders of the Lost Ark (1982) Blade Runner (1983) Return of the Jedi (1984) 2010 (1985) Back to the Future (1986) Aliens (1987) The Princess Bride (1988) Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1989) Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1990) Edward Scissorhands (1991) Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1992) "The Inner Light" (Star Trek: The Next Generation) (1993) Jurassic Park (1994) "All Good Things..." (Star Trek: The Next Generation) (1995) "The Coming of Shadows" (Babylon 5) (1996) "Severed Dreams" (Babylon 5) (1997) Contact (1998) The Truman Show (1999) Galaxy Quest (2000) Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (2001) The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2002) v t e Saturn Award for Best Fantasy Film The Golden Voyage of Sinbad (1973) Doc Savage: The Man of Bronze (1974/75) The Holes (1976) Oh, God! (1977) Heaven Can Wait (1978) The Muppet Movie (1979) Somewhere in Time (1980) Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981) The Dark Crystal (1982) Something Wicked This Way Comes (1983) Ghostbusters (1984) Ladyhawke (1985) The Boy Who Could Fly (1986) The Princess Bride (1987) Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988) Ghost (1989/90) Edward Scissorhands (1991) Aladdin (1992) The Nightmare Before Christmas (1993) Forrest Gump (1994) Babe (1995) Dragonheart (1996) Austin Powers (1997) The Truman Show (1998) Being John Malkovich (1999) Frequency (2000) The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001) The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (2002) The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003) Spider-Man 2 (2004) Batman Begins (2005) Superman Returns (2006) Enchanted (2007) The Curious Case of Benjamin Button (2008) Watchmen (2009) Alice in Wonderland (2010) Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2 (2011) Life of Pi (2012) Her (2013) The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies (2014) Cinderella (2015) The Jungle Book (2016) v t e Films directed by Robert Zemeckis I Wanna Hold Your Hand (1978) Used Cars (1980) Romancing the Stone (1984) Back to the Future (1985) Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988) Back to the Future Part II (1989) Back to the Future Part III (1990) Two-Fisted Tales (1992) Death Becomes Her (1992) Forrest Gump (1994) Contact (1997) What Lies Beneath (2000) Cast Away (2000) The Polar Express (2004) Beowulf (2007) A Christmas Carol (2009) Flight (2012) The Walk (2015) Doc Brown Saves the World (2015) Allied (2016) The Women of Marwen (2018) v t e Walt Disney Animation Studios List of feature films Released Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937) Pinocchio (1940) Fantasia (1940) Dumbo (1941) Bambi (1942) Saludos Amigos (1942) The Three Caballeros (1944) Make Mine Music (1946) Fun and Fancy Free (1947) Melody Time (1948) The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad (1949) Cinderella (1950) Alice in Wonderland (1951) Peter Pan (1953) Lady and the Tramp (1955) Sleeping Beauty (1959) One Hundred and One Dalmatians (1961) The Sword in the Stone (1963) The Jungle Book (1967) The Aristocats (1970) Robin Hood (1973) The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh (1977) The Rescuers (1977) The Fox and the Hound (1981) The Black Cauldron (1985) The Great Mouse Detective (1986) Oliver & Company (1988) The Little Mermaid (1989) The Rescuers Down Under (1990) Beauty and the Beast (1991) Aladdin (1992) The Lion King (1994) Pocahontas (1995) The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1996) Hercules (1997) Mulan (1998) Tarzan (1999) Fantasia 2000 (1999) Dinosaur (2000) The Emperor's New Groove (2000) Atlantis: The Lost Empire (2001) Lilo & Stitch (2002) Treasure Planet (2002) Brother Bear (2003) Home on the Range (2004) Chicken Little (2005) Meet the Robinsons (2007) Bolt (2008) The Princess and the Frog (2009) Tangled (2010) Winnie the Pooh (2011) Wreck-It Ralph (2012) Frozen (2013) Big Hero 6 (2014) Zootopia (2016) Moana (2016) Upcoming films Ralph Breaks the Internet: Wreck-It Ralph 2 (2018) Frozen 2 (2019) Associated productions The Reluctant Dragon (1941) Victory Through Air Power (1943) Song of the South (1946) So Dear to My Heart (1949) Mary Poppins (1964) Bedknobs and Broomsticks (1971) Pete's Dragon (1977) Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988) Enchanted (2007) People Executives Edwin Catmull Roy Conli Roy E. Disney Walt Disney Don Hahn Jeffrey Katzenberg John Lasseter Peter Schneider Thomas Schumacher David Stainton Disney's Nine Old Men Les Clark Marc Davis Ollie Johnston Milt Kahl Ward Kimball Eric Larson John Lounsbery Wolfgang Reitherman Frank Thomas Related topics History Disney animators' strike Disney Renaissance Methods and technologies 12 basic principles of animation Computer Animation Production System Disney Animation: The Illusion of Life Multiplane camera Documentaries Frank and Ollie (1995) The Sweatbox (2001) Dream On Silly Dreamer (2005) Waking Sleeping Beauty (2009) Other Disney animation units Disney Television Animation DisneyToon Studios (WDAS unit) Lucasfilm Animation Marvel Animation Pixar Animation Studios Circle 7 (defunct) Miscellaneous Alice Comedies Laugh-O-Gram Studio List of Disney animated shorts List of Disney theatrical animated features unproduced Oswald the Lucky Rabbit Mickey Mouse (film series) Silly Symphonies Once Upon a Time v t e Disney theatrical animated features Walt Disney Animation Studios films Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937) Pinocchio (1940) Fantasia (1940) Dumbo (1941) Bambi (1942) Saludos Amigos (1942) The Three Caballeros (1944) Make Mine Music (1946) Fun and Fancy Free (1947) Melody Time (1948) The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad (1949) Cinderella (1950) Alice in Wonderland (1951) Peter Pan (1953) Lady and the Tramp (1955) Sleeping Beauty (1959) One Hundred and One Dalmatians (1961) The Sword in the Stone (1963) The Jungle Book (1967) The Aristocats (1970) Robin Hood (1973) The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh (1977) The Rescuers (1977) The Fox and the Hound (1981) The Black Cauldron (1985) The Great Mouse Detective (1986) Oliver & Company (1988) The Little Mermaid (1989) The Rescuers Down Under (1990) Beauty and the Beast (1991) Aladdin (1992) The Lion King (1994) Pocahontas (1995) The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1996) Hercules (1997) Mulan (1998) Tarzan (1999) Fantasia 2000 (1999) Dinosaur (2000) The Emperor's New Groove (2000) Atlantis: The Lost Empire (2001) Lilo & Stitch (2002) Treasure Planet (2002) Brother Bear (2003) Home on the Range (2004) Chicken Little (2005) Meet the Robinsons (2007) Bolt (2008) The Princess and the Frog (2009) Tangled (2010) Winnie the Pooh (2011) Wreck-It Ralph (2012) Frozen (2013) Big Hero 6 (2014) Zootopia (2016) Moana (2016) Ralph Breaks the Internet: Wreck-It Ralph 2 (2018) Frozen 2 (2019) Live-action films with animation The Reluctant Dragon (1941) Victory Through Air Power (1943) Song of the South (1946) So Dear to My Heart (1948) Mary Poppins (1964) Bedknobs and Broomsticks (1971) Pete's Dragon (1977) Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988) Enchanted (2007) DisneyToon Studios films DuckTales the Movie: Treasure of the Lost Lamp (1990) A Goofy Movie (1995) The Tigger Movie (2000) Return to Never Land (2002) The Jungle Book 2 (2003) Piglet's Big Movie (2003) Pooh's Heffalump Movie (2005) Bambi II (2006) Planes (2013) Planes: Fire & Rescue (2014) Other Disney units films The Nightmare Before Christmas (1993) James and the Giant Peach (1996) Doug's 1st Movie (1999) Recess: School's Out (2001) Teacher's Pet (2004) A Christmas Carol (2009) Gnomeo & Juliet (2011) Mars Needs Moms (2011) Frankenweenie (2012) Strange Magic (2015) Related lists Unproduced films Book v t e Looney Tunes films Theatrical Space Jam Looney Tunes: Back in Action Featurettes Adventures of the Road Runner Direct-to-video Tweety's High-Flying Adventure Bah, Humduck! A Looney Tunes Christmas Looney Tunes: Rabbits Run Documentaries Bugs Bunny: Superstar Chuck Amuck: The Movie Compilations Bugs Bunny The Bugs Bunny/Road Runner Movie The Looney Looney Looney Bugs Bunny Movie Bugs Bunny's 3rd Movie: 1001 Rabbit Tales The Looney Tunes Hall of Fame Daffy Duck Daffy Duck's Fantastic Island Daffy Duck's Quackbusters Cameos Haunted Gold Alice in Wonderland When's Your Birthday? The Big Broadcast of 1938 She Married a Cop Love Thy Neighbor The Lady Eve Hi Diddle Diddle Two Guys from Texas My Dream Is Yours Who Framed Roger Rabbit Gremlins 2: The New Batch Scooby-Doo 2: Monsters Unleashed v t e Woody Woodpecker by Walter Lantz Cartoons & TV series Woody Woodpecker filmography The Woody Woodpecker Show (1957–1958) The New Woody Woodpecker Show (1999–2002) Characters Oswald the Lucky Rabbit Pooch the Pup Andy Panda Woody Woodpecker Buzz Buzzard Chilly Willy Dapper Denver Dooley Sugarfoot Wally Walrus Gabby Gator Inspector Willoughby Mrs. Meany Maggie and Sam The Beary Family Video games Férias Frustradas do Pica-Pau (1996) Woody Woodpecker Racing (2000) Woody Woodpecker: Escape from Buzz Buzzard Park (2001) Universal Studios Theme Parks Adventure (2001) Woody Woodpecker in Crazy Castle 5 (2003) Other film/TV appearances Destination Moon (1950) Psycho III (1986) Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988) From the Earth to the Moon (1998) Son of the Mask (2005) "Homer Simpson, This Is Your Wife" (2006) Related personnel Walter Lantz Productions Universal Cartoon Studios Kent Rogers Ben Hardaway Mel Blanc Grace Stafford Alex Lovy Shamus Culhane Dick Lundy Don Patterson Paul Smith List of Woody Woodpecker merchandise Woody Woodpecker (2017) Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 227043783 GND: 1024741664 SUDOC: 177516690 BNF: cb142949680 (data) Retrieved from "" Categories: 1988 filmsEnglish-language films1988 animated films1980s American animated films1980s comedy films1980s fantasy films1980s mystery filmsAmerican filmsAmerican animated fantasy filmsAmerican detective filmsAmerican fantasy-comedy filmsWho Framed Roger RabbitAnimated films about animalsComedy mystery filmsCrossover animationCrossover filmsFilms about animationFilms about filmsFilms about rabbits and haresFilms adapted into comicsFilms adapted into video gamesFilms based on American novelsFilms featuring anthropomorphic charactersFilms set in 1947Films set in the 1940sFilms set in Los AngelesFilms set in CaliforniaFilms set in studio lotsFilms shot in HertfordshireFilms shot in Los AngelesFilms with live action and animationLooney Tunes filmsPacific Electric RailwayParallel universes in fictionRotoscoped filmsAmblin Entertainment filmsAmblin Entertainment animated filmsDisney animated filmsWalt Disney Animation Studios filmsFilms shot at Elstree StudiosTouchstone Pictures filmsTouchstone Pictures animated filmsWalt Disney Records soundtracksFilms that won the Best Sound Editing Academy AwardFilms that won the Best Visual Effects Academy AwardFilms whose editor won the Best Film Editing Academy AwardHugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation winning worksFilms scored by Alan SilvestriFilms directed by Robert ZemeckisFilms produced by Frank MarshallFilms produced by Steven SpielbergUnited States National Film Registry filmsHidden categories: Pages with reference errorsPages with broken reference namesWebarchive template wayback linksAll articles with dead external linksArticles with dead external links from December 2017Articles with permanently dead external linksUse mdy dates from October 2014Pages using div col without cols and colwidth parametersArticles with hAudio microformatsAlbum infoboxes lacking a coverMusic infoboxes with deprecated parametersTrack listings with deprecated parametersGood articlesWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiers

Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version In other projects Wikimedia CommonsWikiquote Languages العربيةБългарскиCatalàČeštinaCymraegDanskDeutschΕλληνικάEspañolEsperantoEuskaraفارسیFiji HindiFrançaisGalego한국어ՀայերենBahasa IndonesiaÍslenskaItalianoעבריתქართულიLatinaMagyarBahasa MelayuNederlands日本語NorskPolskiPortuguêsRomânăРусскийSimple EnglishSrpskohrvatski / српскохрватскиSuomiSvenskaไทยTürkçeУкраїнськаTiếng Việt中文 Edit links This page was last edited on 21 March 2018, at 13:27. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"1.184","walltime":"1.403","ppvisitednodes":{"value":7453,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":409463,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":97852,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":21,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":3,"limit":500},"unstrip-depth":{"value":1,"limit":20},"unstrip-size":{"value":89568,"limit":5000000},"entityaccesscount":{"value":1,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 1154.182 1 -total"," 45.69% 527.332 2 Template:Reflist"," 18.35% 211.758 40 Template:Cite_web"," 11.83% 136.524 25 Template:Cite_news"," 10.57% 121.961 1 Template:Navboxes"," 9.97% 115.074 2 Template:Infobox"," 8.48% 97.865 1 Template:Infobox_album"," 7.77% 89.626 1 Template:Infobox_film"," 5.48% 63.303 11 Template:Cite_book"," 4.50% 51.957 11 Template:Navbox"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.540","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":7196037,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1309","timestamp":"20180321165530","ttl":3600,"transientcontent":true}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":92,"wgHostname":"mw1331"});});

Who_Framed_Roger_Rabbit - Photos and All Basic Informations

Who_Framed_Roger_Rabbit More Links

This Is A Good Article. Follow The Link For More Information.Who Framed Roger Rabbit (disambiguation)Theatrical Release Poster Depicting Filmstrips Shaped Like Roger Rabbit. The Title "Who Framed Roger Rabbit" And A Text "It's The Story Of A Man, A Woman, And A Rabbit In A Triangle Of Trouble." Are Shown At The Left Top Of The Image.Steven ChorneyRobert ZemeckisFrank Marshall (film Producer)Robert WattsJeffrey Price And Peter S. SeamanWho Censored Roger Rabbit?Gary K. WolfBob HoskinsChristopher LloydCharles FleischerStubby KayeJoanna CassidyAlan SilvestriDean CundeyArthur Schmidt (film Editor)Touchstone PicturesAmblin EntertainmentWalt Disney Studios Motion PicturesLive-action Animated FilmFantasy FilmRobert ZemeckisFrank Marshall (producer)Robert WattsJeffrey Price And Peter S. SeamanGary K. WolfWho Censored Roger Rabbit?Bob HoskinsChristopher LloydCharles FleischerStubby KayeJoanna CassidyLive-action Animated FilmHollywoodAnimated CharacterWalt Disney PicturesSteven SpielbergAmblin EntertainmentRichard Williams (animator)Los AngelesElstree StudiosTouchstone PicturesBlockbuster (entertainment)Golden Age Of American AnimationModern Animation In The United StatesDisney RenaissanceNational Film RegistryLibrary Of CongressLos AngelesAnimated CartoonToontownRoger RabbitJessica RabbitAcme CorporationPatty-cakeLos Angeles Police DepartmentJudge DoomTurpentineAcetoneBenzeneList Of Who Framed Roger Rabbit CharactersAnthropomorphicPacific Electric RailwayVaudevilleDeath From LaughterInvisible InkJoy BuzzerEnlargeBob HoskinsBob HoskinsEddie ValiantChristopher LloydJudge DoomCharles FleischerRoger RabbitStubby KayeJoanna CassidyAlan TilvernLou HirschMel BlancBugs BunnyDaffy DuckPorky PigTweetySylvester (Looney Tunes)Looney TunesJoe AlaskeyYosemite SamFoghorn LeghornWayne AllwineTony AnselmoDonald DuckClarence NashTony PopeGoofyBill FarmerBig Bad WolfMae QuestelBetty BoopRussi TaylorMinnie MousePat ButtramJim CummingsMr. ToadFantasia (1940 Film)Nancy CartwrightCherry DavisWoody WoodpeckerPinocchioFrank WelkerDumboRichard Williams (animator)DroopyApril WinchellDavid LanderFred Newman (actor)June ForayRoger RabbitJessica RabbitRoger RabbitJessica RabbitEddie ValiantJudge DoomApril WinchellAbbott And CostelloMaroon CartoonsTex AveryBaby TalkLou HirschRichard Williams (animator)TaxicabCharles FleischerWho Censored Roger Rabbit?CriminalVolkswagen BeetleAnthropomorphicWeaselHenchmenPolice OfficerMurderDodgePaddy WagonLos Angeles Police DepartmentSchadenfreudeDeath From LaughterHyenaDisneyThe Adventures Of Ichabod And Mr. ToadRoger Rabbit's Car Toon SpinDisneylandTokyo DisneylandJoanna CassidyEddie ValiantWaiting StaffAlan TilvernMaroon CartoonsStubby KayeRichard LeParmentierLos Angeles Police DepartmentRichard RidingsHarvey (play)Mary Coyle ChaseRoger Rabbit's Car Toon SpinJeff BergmanGorillaBouncer (doorman)Walt DisneyHagYosemite SamWalt Disney PicturesFilm RightsGary K. WolfRon W. MillerBlockbuster (entertainment)Jeffrey Price And Peter S. SeamanRobert ZemeckisI Wanna Hold Your Hand (film)Used CarsBox-office BombDarrell Van CittersPaul ReubensPeter RenadayRussi TaylorMichael EisnerAmblin EntertainmentSteven SpielbergFrank Marshall (film Producer)Kathleen Kennedy (producer)Green-lightThe Walt Disney Studios (division)Jeffrey KatzenbergWalt Disney Animation StudiosBox-officeWarner Bros.Fleischer StudiosKing Features SyndicateFelix The CatTurner EntertainmentUniversal StudiosWalter Lantz ProductionsPopeyeTom And JerryLittle LuluCasper The Friendly GhostTerrytoonsWestern PublishingHarvey ComicsViacom (original)Terry GilliamRomancing The StoneTex AveryEddie MurphyChevy ChaseRobert RedfordJack NicholsonSylvester StalloneWallace ShawnEd HarrisCharles GrodinDon LaneCharles FleischerTex AveryDroopyGoofyPorky PigMickey MouseBugs BunnyKathleen TurnerJessica RabbitAmblin EntertainmentBack To The FutureStar Trek III: The Search For SpockTim CurryChristopher LeeJohn CleeseRoddy McDowallEddie DeezenSting (musician)Walt DisneyWarner Bros. CartoonsBob ClampettChinatown (1974 Film)Red CarSuburbUrban CulturePolitical CorruptionGreat American Streetcar ScandalPacific Electric RailwayFreewayComic-stripKangaroo CourtJoey (marsupial)Snow White And The Seven Dwarfs (1937 Film)Cotton Club (New York City)Adolf HitlerFinal SolutionBambiVolkswagen BeetleTaxicabHeckle And JeckleChip N' DaleMighty MouseSupermanOlive OylBlutoClarabelle CowCameo AppearanceWorking TitleEnlargeChristopher LloydMime ArtistPuppeteerMannequinRobotic ArmBureaucracyElstree StudiosHertfordshireThe Thief And The CobblerDale BaerJames Baxter (animator)David Bowers (director)Andreas DejaChris Jenkins (film Producer)Phil NibbelinkNik RanieriSimon WellsDon HahnWalt Disney Feature AnimationMichael EisnerJeffrey KatzenbergVistaVisionMotion-controlMarionettePrincipal PhotographyIndustrial Light & MagicChroma KeyToontownRen-Mar StudiosPost-productionComputer AnimationDigital CompositingCelOptical PrinterRostrum CameraSequinPlastic BagSteel WoolSoundtrack AlbumAlan SilvestriLondon Symphony OrchestraMusic GenreRecord LabelWalt Disney RecordsAlan SilvestriFilm ScoreLondon Symphony OrchestraJazzTheme (music)ImprovisationCarl StallingBuena Vista RecordsWalt Disney RecordsIntrada RecordsRoger Rabbit Short FilmsBruce BroughtonJames HornerAlan SilvestriTony AnselmoMel BlancWhy Don't You Do Right?Kansas Joe McCoyAmy IrvingThe Merry-Go-Round Broke DownDave FranklinCliff FriendCharles FleischerSmile, Darn Ya, Smile!Charles O'FlynnMichael EisnerCEORoy E. DisneyFinal Cut PrivilegeJeffrey KatzenbergTouchstone PicturesWalt Disney PicturesRain ManVHSLaserdiscDVDWalt Disney Studios Home EntertainmentDeleted SceneTummy TroubleRoller Coaster RabbitTrail Mix-UpWalt Disney Studios Home EntertainmentBlu-ray DiscFilm PreservationPrasad StudiosRotten TomatoesMetacriticRoger EbertChicago Sun-TimesWord Of MouthGene SiskelChicago TribuneAt The Movies (U.S. TV Series)Janet MaslinThe New York TimesDesson ThomsonThe Washington PostGeorge LucasGene ShalitToday (U.S. TV Program)Filmsite.orgRichard CorlissTime (magazine)Homage (arts)Golden Age Of American AnimationChuck JonesAcademy AwardMary Poppins (film)Academy Award For Best Sound EditingCharles L. CampbellLouis EdemannAcademy Award For Best Visual EffectsAcademy Award For Film EditingAcademy Award For Best Art DirectionElliot ScottPeter Howitt (set Decorator)Academy Award For Best CinematographyAcademy Award For Best SoundRobert KnudsonJohn Boyd (sound Engineer)Don DigirolamoTony DaweSpecial Achievement Academy AwardSaturn Award For Best Fantasy FilmSaturn Award For Best DirectionSaturn Award For Best Special Effects42nd British Academy Film AwardsBAFTA Award For Best Special Visual EffectsGolden Globe Award For Best Motion Picture - Musical Or ComedyHugo Award For Best Dramatic PresentationKids' Choice Award For Favorite MovieList Of Who Framed Roger Rabbit MediaToontown OnlineDisney RenaissanceEnlargeDisneyMickey MouseWarner Bros.Bugs BunnyWalt Disney ImagineeringMickey's ToontownDisneyland Park (Anaheim)Roger Rabbit's Car Toon SpinRoger Rabbit Short FilmsTummy TroubleHoney, I Shrunk The KidsRoller Coaster RabbitDick Tracy (1990 Film)Trail Mix-UpA Far Off PlaceSpin-off (media)Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988 Video Game)Hare Raising HavocThe Bugs Bunny Crazy CastleWho Framed Roger Rabbit (NES Game)Nintendo Entertainment SystemWho Framed Roger Rabbit (1991 Video Game)Game BoyNational Film RegistryLibrary Of CongressLaserdiscVariety (magazine)Film FrameCNNThe FingerNiggerJ. J. AbramsNat MauldinMidwestern United StatesNazi GermanyNazi-occupied EuropeHollywood BoulevardBugs BunnySchindler's ListSherri StonerDeanna OliverBroadway (Manhattan)Alan MenkenKerry ButlerEric Goldberg (film Director)DreamWorksLake Buena Vista, FloridaComputer-generated ImageryDon HahnMTV NewsMotion CaptureEmpire (magazine)Bob HoskinsParkinson's DiseaseFlight (2012 Film)The StoogeAllied (film)The Daily TelegraphThe Walt Disney CompanyThe Roger Rabbit (dance)ErratumBritish Board Of Film ClassificationThe New York TimesHarperCollinsInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-06-177889-6Cambridge University PressInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1-107-00309-5Box Office MojoRowman & LittlefieldInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-87833-293-6Frank Marshall (film Producer)Help:Cite Errors/Cite Error References No TextEmpire (magazine)Don HahnPeter Schneider (film Executive)Walt Disney Studios Home EntertainmentHelp:Cite Errors/Cite Error References No TextBob HoskinsCharles FleischerFrank Marshall (film Producer)Alan SilvestriWalt Disney Studios Home EntertainmentThe A.V. ClubThe OnionThe A.V. ClubRobert ZemeckisFrank Marshall (film Producer)Jeffrey Price And Peter S. SeamanJeffrey Price And Peter S. SeamanSteve StarkeyKen RalstonWalt Disney Studios Home EntertainmentBox Office MojoInternet Movie DatabaseBox Office MojoBox Office MojoHitFixWayback MachineRotten TomatoesFlixsterMetacriticCBS InteractiveRoger EbertChicago Sun-TimesJanet MaslinThe New York TimesDesson ThomsonThe Washington PostRichard CorlissTime (magazine)Maureen FurnissUniversity Press Of MississippiInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1-578067-2-86Academy Of Motion Picture Arts And SciencesWikipedia:Link RotSaturn AwardBritish Academy Of Film And Television ArtsHollywood Foreign Press AssociationHugo AwardChris GoreSt. Martin's PressInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-312-20082-XThe New York TimesThe New York TimesVariety (magazine)Variety (magazine)Snopes.comInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-89526-387-4Disney A To Z: The Official EncyclopediaAllBusiness.comJ. J. AbramsDan TrachtenbergThe Nerdist PodcastEntertainment WeeklyUSA TodayMTVMTVSlashFilmMonica BrantInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-9622588-0-6NovelizationVirgin BooksInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-352-32389-2Gary K. WolfSpin-off (media)Villard (imprint)International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-679-40094-3Tummy TroubleMarvel ComicsInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-87135-593-0IMDbTurner Classic MoviesThe Big Cartoon DataBaseBox Office MojoRotten TomatoesMetacriticIGNIGNAnimation World NetworkTemplate:Roger RabbitTemplate Talk:Roger RabbitRoger RabbitEddie ValiantJessica RabbitJudge DoomToontownAcme CorporationList Of Who Framed Roger Rabbit MediaWho Censored Roger Rabbit?Gary K. WolfRoger Rabbit Short FilmsRoger Rabbit's Car Toon SpinMickey's ToontownThe Bugs Bunny Crazy CastleWho Framed Roger Rabbit (1988 Video Game)Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1989 Video Game)Hare Raising HavocWho Framed Roger Rabbit (1991 Video Game)Template:Hugo Award For Best Dramatic PresentationTemplate Talk:Hugo Award For Best Dramatic PresentationHugo Award For Best Dramatic PresentationThe Incredible Shrinking ManThe Twilight Zone (1959 TV Series)The Twilight Zone (1959 TV Series)The Twilight Zone (1959 TV Series)Dr. StrangeloveThe Menagerie (Star Trek: The Original Series)Star Trek: The Original SeriesThe City On The Edge Of ForeverStar Trek: The Original Series2001: A Space Odyssey (film)Apollo 11A Clockwork Orange (film)Slaughterhouse-Five (film)Sleeper (1973 Film)Young FrankensteinA Boy And His Dog (1975 Film)Star Wars (film)Superman (1978 Film)Alien (film)The Empire Strikes BackRaiders Of The Lost ArkBlade RunnerReturn Of The Jedi2010 (film)Back To The FutureAliens (film)The Princess Bride (film)Indiana Jones And The Last CrusadeEdward ScissorhandsTerminator 2: Judgment DayThe Inner Light (Star Trek: The Next Generation)Star Trek: The Next GenerationJurassic Park (film)All Good Things... (Star Trek: The Next Generation)Star Trek: The Next GenerationThe Coming Of ShadowsBabylon 5Severed DreamsBabylon 5Contact (1997 American Film)The Truman ShowGalaxy QuestCrouching Tiger, Hidden DragonThe Lord Of The Rings: The Fellowship Of The RingTemplate:Saturn Award For Best Fantasy FilmTemplate Talk:Saturn Award For Best Fantasy FilmSaturn Award For Best Fantasy FilmThe Golden Voyage Of SinbadDoc Savage: The Man Of BronzeOh, God!Heaven Can Wait (1978 Film)The Muppet MovieSomewhere In Time (film)Raiders Of The Lost ArkThe Dark CrystalSomething Wicked This Way Comes (film)GhostbustersLadyhawke (film)The Boy Who Could FlyThe Princess Bride (film)Ghost (1990 Film)Edward ScissorhandsAladdin (1992 Disney Film)The Nightmare Before ChristmasForrest GumpBabe (film)DragonheartAustin Powers: International Man Of MysteryThe Truman ShowBeing John MalkovichFrequency (film)The Lord Of The Rings: The Fellowship Of The RingThe Lord Of The Rings: The Two TowersThe Lord Of The Rings: The Return Of The KingSpider-Man 2Batman BeginsSuperman ReturnsEnchanted (film)The Curious Case Of Benjamin Button (film)Watchmen (film)Alice In Wonderland (2010 Film)Harry Potter And The Deathly Hallows – Part 2Life Of Pi (film)Her (film)The Hobbit: The Battle Of The Five ArmiesCinderella (2015 Disney Film)The Jungle Book (2016 Film)Template:Robert ZemeckisTemplate Talk:Robert ZemeckisRobert ZemeckisI Wanna Hold Your Hand (film)Used CarsRomancing The StoneBack To The FutureBack To The Future Part IIBack To The Future Part IIITwo-Fisted Tales (film)Death Becomes HerForrest GumpContact (1997 American Film)What Lies BeneathCast AwayThe Polar Express (film)Beowulf (2007 Film)A Christmas Carol (2009 Film)Flight (2012 Film)The Walk (2015 Film)Back To The Future (franchise)Allied (film)The Women Of MarwenTemplate:Walt Disney Animation StudiosTemplate Talk:Walt Disney Animation StudiosWalt Disney Animation StudiosList Of Walt Disney Animation Studios FilmsSnow White And The Seven Dwarfs (1937 Film)Pinocchio (1940 Film)Fantasia (1940 Film)DumboBambiSaludos AmigosThe Three CaballerosMake Mine MusicFun And Fancy FreeMelody TimeThe Adventures Of Ichabod And Mr. ToadCinderella (1950 Film)Alice In Wonderland (1951 Film)Peter Pan (1953 Film)Lady And The TrampSleeping Beauty (1959 Film)One Hundred And One DalmatiansThe Sword In The Stone (film)The Jungle Book (1967 Film)The AristocatsRobin Hood (1973 Film)The Many Adventures Of Winnie The PoohThe RescuersThe Fox And The HoundThe Black Cauldron (film)The Great Mouse DetectiveOliver & CompanyThe Little Mermaid (1989 Film)The Rescuers Down UnderBeauty And The Beast (1991 Film)Aladdin (1992 Disney Film)The Lion KingPocahontas (1995 Film)The Hunchback Of Notre Dame (1996 Film)Hercules (1997 Film)Mulan (1998 Film)Tarzan (1999 Film)Fantasia 2000Dinosaur (film)The Emperor's New GrooveAtlantis: The Lost EmpireLilo & StitchTreasure PlanetBrother BearHome On The Range (2004 Film)Chicken Little (2005 Film)Meet The RobinsonsBolt (2008 Film)The Princess And The FrogTangledWinnie The Pooh (2011 Film)Wreck-It RalphFrozen (2013 Film)Big Hero 6 (film)ZootopiaMoana (2016 Film)Ralph Breaks The Internet: Wreck-It Ralph 2Frozen 2The Reluctant Dragon (1941 Film)Victory Through Air Power (film)Song Of The SouthSo Dear To My HeartMary Poppins (film)Bedknobs And BroomsticksPete's Dragon (1977 Film)Enchanted (film)Edwin CatmullRoy ConliRoy E. DisneyWalt DisneyDon HahnJeffrey KatzenbergJohn LasseterPeter Schneider (film Executive)Thomas SchumacherDavid StaintonDisney's Nine Old MenLes ClarkMarc Davis (animator)Ollie JohnstonMilt KahlWard KimballEric LarsonJohn LounsberyWolfgang ReithermanFrank Thomas (animator)Disney Animators' StrikeDisney Renaissance12 Basic Principles Of AnimationComputer Animation Production SystemDisney Animation: The Illusion Of LifeMultiplane CameraFrank And OllieThe SweatboxDream On Silly DreamerWaking Sleeping BeautyList Of Animation Studios Owned By The Walt Disney CompanyDisney Television AnimationDisneyToon StudiosLucasfilm AnimationMarvel AnimationPixar Animation StudiosCircle 7 AnimationAlice ComediesLaugh-O-Gram StudioList Of Disney Animated ShortsList Of Disney Theatrical Animated FeaturesList Of Unproduced Disney Animated Shorts And Feature FilmsOswald The Lucky RabbitMickey Mouse (film Series)Silly SymphoniesOnce Upon A Time (TV Series)Template:Disney Theatrical Animated FeaturesTemplate Talk:Disney Theatrical Animated FeaturesList Of Disney Theatrical Animated FeaturesWalt Disney Animation StudiosList Of Walt Disney Animation Studios FilmsSnow White And The Seven Dwarfs (1937 Film)Pinocchio (1940 Film)Fantasia (1940 Film)DumboBambiSaludos AmigosThe Three CaballerosMake Mine MusicFun And Fancy FreeMelody TimeThe Adventures Of Ichabod And Mr. ToadCinderella (1950 Film)Alice In Wonderland (1951 Film)Peter Pan (1953 Film)Lady And The TrampSleeping Beauty (1959 Film)One Hundred And One DalmatiansThe Sword In The Stone (film)The Jungle Book (1967 Film)The AristocatsRobin Hood (1973 Film)The Many Adventures Of Winnie The PoohThe RescuersThe Fox And The HoundThe Black Cauldron (film)The Great Mouse DetectiveOliver & CompanyThe Little Mermaid (1989 Film)The Rescuers Down UnderBeauty And The Beast (1991 Film)Aladdin (1992 Disney Film)The Lion KingPocahontas (1995 Film)The Hunchback Of Notre Dame (1996 Film)Hercules (1997 Film)Mulan (1998 Film)Tarzan (1999 Film)Fantasia 2000Dinosaur (film)The Emperor's New GrooveAtlantis: The Lost EmpireLilo & StitchTreasure PlanetBrother BearHome On The Range (2004 Film)Chicken Little (2005 Film)Meet The RobinsonsBolt (2008 Film)The Princess And The FrogTangledWinnie The Pooh (2011 Film)Wreck-It RalphFrozen (2013 Film)Big Hero 6 (film)ZootopiaMoana (2016 Film)Ralph Breaks The Internet: Wreck-It Ralph 2Frozen 2The Reluctant Dragon (1941 Film)Victory Through Air Power (film)Song Of The SouthSo Dear To My HeartMary Poppins (film)Bedknobs And BroomsticksPete's Dragon (1977 Film)Enchanted (film)DisneyToon StudiosDuckTales The Movie: Treasure Of The Lost LampA Goofy MovieThe Tigger MovieReturn To Never LandThe Jungle Book 2Piglet's Big MoviePooh's Heffalump MovieBambi IIPlanes (film)Planes: Fire & RescueAnimation Studios Owned By The Walt Disney CompanyThe Nightmare Before ChristmasJames And The Giant Peach (film)Doug's 1st MovieRecess: School's OutTeacher's Pet (2004 Film)A Christmas Carol (2009 Film)Gnomeo & JulietMars Needs MomsFrankenweenie (2012 Film)Strange Magic (film)List Of Unproduced Disney Animated Shorts And Feature FilmsBook:Disney Theatrical Animated FeaturesTemplate:Looney Tunes MoviesTemplate Talk:Looney Tunes MoviesList Of Looney Tunes Feature FilmsSpace JamLooney Tunes: Back In ActionAdventures Of The Road RunnerTweety's High-Flying AdventureBah, Humduck! A Looney Tunes ChristmasLooney Tunes: Rabbits RunBugs Bunny: SuperstarChuck Amuck: The MovieThe Bugs Bunny/Road Runner MovieThe Looney Looney Looney Bugs Bunny MovieBugs Bunny's 3rd Movie: 1001 Rabbit TalesThe Looney Tunes Hall Of FameDaffy Duck's Fantastic IslandDaffy Duck's QuackbustersHaunted GoldAlice In Wonderland (1933 Film)When's Your Birthday?The Big Broadcast Of 1938She Married A CopLove Thy Neighbor (1940 Film)The Lady EveHi Diddle DiddleTwo Guys From TexasMy Dream Is YoursGremlins 2: The New BatchScooby-Doo 2: Monsters UnleashedTemplate:Woody WoodpeckerTemplate Talk:Woody WoodpeckerWoody WoodpeckerWalter LantzWoody Woodpecker FilmographyThe Woody Woodpecker ShowThe New Woody Woodpecker ShowOswald The Lucky RabbitPooch The PupAndy PandaWoody WoodpeckerBuzz BuzzardChilly WillyDapper Denver DooleySugarfoot (character)Wally WalrusGabby GatorInspector WilloughbyMrs. MeanyMaggie And SamThe Beary FamilyFérias Frustradas Do Pica-PauWoody Woodpecker RacingWoody Woodpecker: Escape From Buzz Buzzard ParkUniversal Studios Theme Parks AdventureCrazy Castle SeriesDestination Moon (film)Psycho IIIFrom The Earth To The Moon (miniseries)Son Of The MaskHomer Simpson, This Is Your WifeWalter Lantz ProductionsUniversal Cartoon StudiosKent RogersBen HardawayMel BlancGrace StaffordAlex LovyShamus CulhaneDick Lundy (animator)Don Patterson (animator)Paul Smith (animator)List Of Woody Woodpecker MerchandiseWoody Woodpecker (2017 Film)Help:Authority ControlVirtual International Authority FileIntegrated Authority FileSystème Universitaire De DocumentationBibliothèque Nationale De FranceHelp:CategoryCategory:1988 FilmsCategory:English-language FilmsCategory:1988 Animated FilmsCategory:1980s American Animated FilmsCategory:1980s Comedy FilmsCategory:1980s Fantasy FilmsCategory:1980s Mystery FilmsCategory:American FilmsCategory:American Animated Fantasy FilmsCategory:American Detective FilmsCategory:American Fantasy-comedy FilmsCategory:Who Framed Roger RabbitCategory:Animated Films About AnimalsCategory:Comedy Mystery FilmsCategory:Crossover AnimationCategory:Crossover FilmsCategory:Films About AnimationCategory:Films About FilmsCategory:Films About Rabbits And HaresCategory:Films Adapted Into ComicsCategory:Films Adapted Into Video GamesCategory:Films Based On American NovelsCategory:Films Featuring Anthropomorphic CharactersCategory:Films Set In 1947Category:Films Set In The 1940sCategory:Films Set In Los AngelesCategory:Films Set In CaliforniaCategory:Films Set In Studio LotsCategory:Films Shot In HertfordshireCategory:Films Shot In Los AngelesCategory:Films With Live Action And AnimationCategory:Looney Tunes FilmsCategory:Pacific Electric RailwayCategory:Parallel Universes In FictionCategory:Rotoscoped FilmsCategory:Amblin Entertainment FilmsCategory:Amblin Entertainment Animated FilmsCategory:Disney Animated FilmsCategory:Walt Disney Animation Studios FilmsCategory:Films Shot At Elstree StudiosCategory:Touchstone Pictures FilmsCategory:Touchstone Pictures Animated FilmsCategory:Walt Disney Records SoundtracksCategory:Films That Won The Best Sound Editing Academy AwardCategory:Films That Won The Best Visual Effects Academy AwardCategory:Films Whose Editor Won The Best Film Editing Academy AwardCategory:Hugo Award For Best Dramatic Presentation Winning WorksCategory:Films Scored By Alan SilvestriCategory:Films Directed By Robert ZemeckisCategory:Films Produced By Frank MarshallCategory:Films Produced By Steven SpielbergCategory:United States National Film Registry FilmsCategory:Pages With Reference ErrorsCategory:Pages With Broken Reference NamesCategory:Webarchive Template Wayback LinksCategory:All Articles With Dead External LinksCategory:Articles With Dead External Links From December 2017Category:Articles With Permanently Dead External LinksCategory:Use Mdy Dates From October 2014Category:Pages Using Div Col Without Cols And Colwidth ParametersCategory:Articles With HAudio MicroformatsCategory:Album Infoboxes Lacking A CoverCategory:Music Infoboxes With Deprecated ParametersCategory:Track Listings With Deprecated ParametersCategory:Good ArticlesCategory:Wikipedia Articles With VIAF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With GND IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With BNF IdentifiersDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

view link view link view link view link view link