Contents 1 Design features 1.1 Version changes 2 Internal structure 2.1 SubBytes 2.2 ShiftColumns 2.3 MixRows 2.4 AddRoundKey 3 Whirlpool hashes 4 Implementations 5 Adoption 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Design features[edit] The Whirlpool Galaxy (M51), which inspired the name of the algorithm.[2] Whirlpool is a hash designed after the Square block cipher, and is considered to be in that family of block cipher functions. Whirlpool is a Miyaguchi-Preneel construction based on a substantially modified Advanced Encryption Standard (AES). Whirlpool takes a message of any length less than 2256 bits and returns a 512-bit message digest.[3] The authors have declared that "WHIRLPOOL is not (and will never be) patented. It may be used free of charge for any purpose."[2] Version changes[edit] The original Whirlpool will be called Whirlpool-0, the first revision of Whirlpool will be called Whirlpool-T and the latest version will be called Whirlpool in the following test vectors. In the first revision in 2001, the S-box was changed from a randomly generated one with good cryptographic properties to one which has better cryptographic properties and is easier to implement in hardware. In the second revision (2003), a flaw in the diffusion matrix was found that lowered the estimated security of the algorithm below its potential.[4] Changing the 8x8 rotating matrix constants from (1, 1, 3, 1, 5, 8, 9, 5) to (1, 1, 4, 1, 8, 5, 2, 9) solved this issue.

Internal structure[edit] The Whirlpool hash function is a Merkle–Damgård construction based on an AES-like block cipher W in Miyaguchi–Preneel mode.[2] The block cipher W consists of an 8×8 state matrix S {\displaystyle S} of bytes, for a total of 512 bits. The encryption process consists of updating the state with four round functions over 10 rounds. The four round functions are SubBytes (SB), ShiftColumns (SC), MixRows (MR) and AddRoundKey (AK). During each round the new state is computed as S = A K ∘ M R ∘ S C ∘ S B ( S ) {\displaystyle S=AK\circ MR\circ SC\circ SB(S)} . SubBytes[edit] The SubBytes operation applies a non-linear permutation (the S-box) to each byte of the state independently. The 8-bit S-box is composed of 3 smaller 4-bit S-boxes. ShiftColumns[edit] The ShiftColumns operation cyclically shifts each byte in each column of the state. Column j has its bytes shifted downwards by j positions. MixRows[edit] The MixRows operation is a right-multiplication of each row by an 8×8 matrix over G F ( 2 8 ) {\displaystyle GF({2^{8}})} . The matrix is chosen such that the branch number (an important property when looking at resistance to differential cryptanalysis) is 9, which is maximal. AddRoundKey[edit] The AddRoundKey operation uses bitwise xor to add a key calculated by the key schedule to the current state. The key schedule is identical to the encryption itself, except the AddRoundKey function is replaced by an AddRoundConstant function that adds a predetermined constant in each round.

Whirlpool hashes[edit] The Whirlpool algorithm has undergone two revisions since its original 2000 specification. People incorporating Whirlpool will most likely use the most recent revision of Whirlpool; while there are no known security weaknesses in earlier versions of Whirlpool, the most recent revision has better hardware implementation efficiency characteristics, and is also likely to be more secure. As mentioned earlier, it is also the version adopted in the ISO/IEC 10118-3 international standard. The 512-bit (64-byte) Whirlpool hashes (also termed message digests) are typically represented as 128-digit hexadecimal numbers. The following demonstrates a 43-byte ASCII input (not including quotes) and the corresponding Whirlpool hashes: Version Input String Computed Hash Whirlpool-0 "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog" 4F8F5CB531E3D49A61CF417CD133792CCFA501FD8DA53EE368FED20E5FE0248C 3A0B64F98A6533CEE1DA614C3A8DDEC791FF05FEE6D971D57C1348320F4EB42D Whirlpool-T "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog" 3CCF8252D8BBB258460D9AA999C06EE38E67CB546CFFCF48E91F700F6FC7C183 AC8CC3D3096DD30A35B01F4620A1E3A20D79CD5168544D9E1B7CDF49970E87F1 Whirlpool "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog" B97DE512E91E3828B40D2B0FDCE9CEB3C4A71F9BEA8D88E75C4FA854DF36725F D2B52EB6544EDCACD6F8BEDDFEA403CB55AE31F03AD62A5EF54E42EE82C3FB35 Even a small change in the message will (with an extremely high probability of 1 − 10 − 154 {\displaystyle 1-10^{-154}} ) result in a different hash, which will usually look completely different just like two unrelated random numbers do. The following demonstrates the result of changing the previous input by a single letter (a single bit, even, in ASCII-compatible encodings), replacing d with e: Version Input String Computed Hash Whirlpool-0 "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy eog" 228FBF76B2A93469D4B25929836A12B7D7F2A0803E43DABA0C7FC38BC11C8F2A 9416BBCF8AB8392EB2AB7BCB565A64AC50C26179164B26084A253CAF2E012676 Whirlpool-T "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy eog" C8C15D2A0E0DE6E6885E8A7D9B8A9139746DA299AD50158F5FA9EECDDEF744F9 1B8B83C617080D77CB4247B1E964C2959C507AB2DB0F1F3BF3E3B299CA00CAE3 Whirlpool "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy eog" C27BA124205F72E6847F3E19834F925CC666D0974167AF915BB462420ED40CC5 0900D85A1F923219D832357750492D5C143011A76988344C2635E69D06F2D38C The hash of a zero-length string is: Version Input String Computed Hash Whirlpool-0 "" B3E1AB6EAF640A34F784593F2074416ACCD3B8E62C620175FCA0997B1BA23473 39AA0D79E754C308209EA36811DFA40C1C32F1A2B9004725D987D3635165D3C8 Whirlpool-T "" 470F0409ABAA446E49667D4EBE12A14387CEDBD10DD17B8243CAD550A089DC0F EEA7AA40F6C2AAAB71C6EBD076E43C7CFCA0AD32567897DCB5969861049A0F5A Whirlpool "" 19FA61D75522A4669B44E39C1D2E1726C530232130D407F89AFEE0964997F7A7 3E83BE698B288FEBCF88E3E03C4F0757EA8964E59B63D93708B138CC42A66EB3

Implementations[edit] The authors provide reference implementations of the Whirlpool algorithm, including a version written in C and a version written in Java.[2] These reference implementations have been released into the public domain.[2]

Adoption[edit] Two of the first widely used mainstream cryptographic programs that started using Whirlpool were FreeOTFE, followed by TrueCrypt in 2005.[citation needed] VeraCrypt (a fork of TrueCrypt) included Whirlpool (the final version) as one of its supported hash algorithms.[5]

See also[edit] Digital timestamping

References[edit] ^ Florian Mendel1, Christian Rechberger, Martin Schläffer, Søren S. Thomsen (2009-02-24). The Rebound Attack: Cryptanalysis of Reduced Whirlpool and Grøstl (PDF). Fast Software Encryption: 16th International Workshop. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ a b c d e Paulo S. L. M. Barreto (2008-11-25). "The WHIRLPOOL Hash Function". Retrieved 2017-03-03. [dead link] ^ Barreto, Paulo S. L. M. & Rijmen, Vincent (2003-05-24). "The WHIRLPOOL Hashing Function" (ZIP). Retrieved 2017-03-03. [dead link] ^ Kyoji, Shibutani & Shirai, Taizo (2003-03-11). "On the diffusion matrix employed in the Whirlpool hashing function" (PDF). Retrieved 2017-03-03.  ^ "Whirlpool". VeraCrypt Documentation. IDRIX. Retrieved 2018-02-03. 

External links[edit] Whirlpool homepage Includes detailed algorithm information, C and Java implementations, the paper, etc. Jacksum on, a Java implementation of all three revisions of Whirlpool whirlpool on GitHub – An open source Go implementation of the latest revision of Whirlpool A Matlab Implementation of the Whirlpool Hashing Function RHash on, an open source command-line tool, which can calculate and verify Whirlpool hash. Perl Whirlpool module at CPAN Digest module implementing the Whirlpool hashing algorithm in Ruby Ironclad a Common Lisp cryptography package containing a Whirlpool implementation The ISO/IEC 10118-3:2004 standard Test vectors for the Whirlpool hash from the NESSIE project Managed C# implementation v t e Cryptographic hash functions & message authentication codes List Comparison Known attacks Common functions MD5 SHA-1 SHA-2 SHA-3 BLAKE2 SHA-3 finalists BLAKE Grøstl JH Skein Keccak (winner) Other functions CubeHash ECOH FSB GOST HAS-160 HAVAL Kupyna LM hash MD2 MD4 MD6 MDC-2 N-Hash RIPEMD RadioGatún SWIFFT Snefru Streebog Tiger VSH Whirlpool Key derivation functions Argon2 bcrypt crypt Lyra2 PBKDF2 scrypt MAC functions DAA CBC-MAC HMAC OMAC/CMAC PMAC VMAC UMAC Poly1305 SipHash Authenticated encryption modes CCM CWC EAX GCM IAPM OCB Attacks Collision attack Preimage attack Birthday attack Brute-force attack Rainbow table Side-channel attack Length extension attack Design Avalanche effect Hash collision Merkle–Damgård construction Sponge function HAIFA construction Unique Block Iteration Standardization CRYPTREC NESSIE NIST hash function competition Utilization Hash-based cryptography Key stretching Merkle tree Message authentication Proof of work Salt Pepper v t e Cryptography History of cryptography Cryptanalysis Outline of cryptography Symmetric-key algorithm Block cipher Stream cipher Public-key cryptography Cryptographic hash function Message authentication code Random numbers Steganography Crypto-shredding Category Portal WikiProject v t e ISO standards by standard number List of ISO standards / ISO romanizations / IEC standards 1–9999 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 16 31 -0 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -9 -10 -11 -12 -13 128 216 217 226 228 233 259 269 302 306 428 518 519 639 -1 -2 -3 -5 -6 646 690 732 764 843 898 965 1000 1004 1007 1073-1 1413 1538 1745 1989 2014 2015 2022 2047 2108 2145 2146 2240 2281 2709 2711 2788 2848 2852 3029 3103 3166 -1 -2 -3 3297 3307 3602 3864 3901 3977 4031 4157 4217 4909 5218 5428 5775 5776 5800 5964 6166 6344 6346 6385 6425 6429 6438 6523 6709 7001 7002 7098 7185 7200 7498 7736 7810 7811 7812 7813 7816 8000 8178 8217 8571 8583 8601 8632 8652 8691 8807 8820-5 8859 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -8-I -9 -10 -11 -12 -13 -14 -15 -16 8879 9000/9001 9075 9126 9293 9241 9362 9407 9506 9529 9564 9594 9660 9897 9899 9945 9984 9985 9995 10000–19999 10005 10006 10007 10116 10118-3 10160 10161 10165 10179 10206 10218 10303 -11 -21 -22 -28 -238 10383 10487 10585 10589 10646 10664 10746 10861 10957 10962 10967 11073 11170 11179 11404 11544 11783 11784 11785 11801 11898 11940 (-2) 11941 11941 (TR) 11992 12006 12182 12207 12234-2 13211 -1 -2 13216 13250 13399 13406-2 13450 13485 13490 13567 13568 13584 13616 14000 14031 14224 14289 14396 14443 14496 -2 -3 -6 -10 -11 -12 -14 -17 -20 14644 14649 14651 14698 14750 14764 14882 14971 15022 15189 15288 15291 15292 15398 15408 15444 -3 15445 15438 15504 15511 15686 15693 15706 -2 15707 15897 15919 15924 15926 15926 WIP 15930 16023 16262 16612-2 16750 16949 (TS) 17024 17025 17100 17203 17369 17442 17799 18000 18004 18014 18245 18629 18916 19005 19011 19092 (-1 -2) 19114 19115 19125 19136 19439 19500 19501 19502 19503 19505 19506 19507 19508 19509 19510 19600:2014 19752 19757 19770 19775-1 19794-5 19831 20000+ 20000 20022 20121 20400 21000 21047 21500 21827:2002 22000 23270 23271 23360 24517 24613 24617 24707 25178 25964 26000 26300 26324 27000 series 27000 27001 27002 27006 27729 28000 29110 29148 29199-2 29500 30170 31000 32000 38500 40500 42010 55000 80000 -1 -2 -3 Category Retrieved from "" Categories: Cryptographic hash functionsHidden categories: CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors listAll articles with dead external linksArticles with dead external links from February 2018All articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from February 2018

Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version Languages DeutschEspañolFrançaisNederlands日本語PolskiPortuguêsРусскийSvenskaYorùbá Edit links This page was last edited on 25 February 2018, at 22:32. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.276","walltime":"0.400","ppvisitednodes":{"value":1232,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":123554,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":2949,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":12,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":3,"limit":500},"unstrip-depth":{"value":0,"limit":20},"unstrip-size":{"value":6664,"limit":5000000},"entityaccesscount":{"value":0,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 266.990 1 -total"," 31.54% 84.214 1 Template:Reflist"," 28.86% 77.046 5 Template:Navbox"," 18.25% 48.732 3 Template:Fix"," 17.13% 45.726 1 Template:Citation_needed"," 13.22% 35.292 1 Template:Cryptography_navbox"," 12.66% 33.804 1 Template:Cite_conference"," 12.56% 33.536 1 Template:Redirect"," 12.27% 32.761 6 Template:Category_handler"," 11.64% 31.074 1 Template:Infobox_encryption_method"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.107","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":4769764,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1331","timestamp":"20180312122921","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":84,"wgHostname":"mw1321"});});

Whirlpool_(cryptography) - Photos and All Basic Informations

Whirlpool_(cryptography) More Links

Whirlpool (disambiguation)Vincent RijmenPaulo S. L. M. BarretoSquare (cipher)Advanced Encryption StandardNESSIECryptographic Hash FunctionMiyaguchi-PreneelCryptanalysisRebound AttackComputer ScienceCryptographyCryptographic Hash FunctionVincent RijmenAdvanced Encryption StandardPaulo S. L. M. BarretoNESSIEInternational Organization For StandardizationInternational Electrotechnical CommissionInternational StandardEnlargeWhirlpool GalaxySquare (cipher)Block CipherOne-way Compression FunctionAdvanced Encryption StandardMessage DigestS-boxMDS MatrixMerkle–Damgård ConstructionAdvanced Encryption StandardBlock CipherOne-way Compression FunctionBlock CipherDifferential CryptanalysisExclusive OrInternational StandardHexadecimalASCIIThe Quick Brown Fox Jumps Over The Lazy DogClustering IllusionReference ImplementationC (programming Language)Java (programming Language)FreeOTFETrueCryptWikipedia:Citation NeededVeraCryptTrueCryptDigital TimestampingCategory:CS1 Maint: Multiple Names: Authors ListWikipedia:Link RotWikipedia:Link RotSourceForgeGitHubGo (programming Language)SourceForgeOpen SourceCPANRuby (programming Language)Common LispNESSIETemplate:Cryptography HashTemplate Talk:Cryptography HashCryptographic Hash FunctionMessage Authentication CodeList Of Hash FunctionsComparison Of Cryptographic Hash FunctionsHash Function Security SummaryMD5SHA-1SHA-2SHA-3BLAKE (hash Function)NIST Hash Function CompetitionBLAKE (hash Function)GrøstlJH (hash Function)Skein (hash Function)SHA-3CubeHashElliptic Curve Only HashFast Syndrome-based HashGOST (hash Function)HAS-160HAVALKupynaLAN ManagerMD2 (cryptography)MD4MD6MDC-2N-HashRIPEMDRadioGatúnSWIFFTSnefruStreebogTiger (cryptography)Very Smooth HashKey Derivation FunctionArgon2BcryptCrypt (C)Lyra2PBKDF2ScryptMessage Authentication CodeData Authentication AlgorithmCBC-MACHMACOne-key MACOne-key MACPMAC (cryptography)VMACUMACPoly1305SipHashAuthenticated EncryptionCCM ModeCWC ModeEAX ModeGalois/Counter ModeIAPM (mode)OCB ModeCollision AttackPreimage AttackBirthday AttackBrute-force AttackRainbow TableSide-channel AttackLength Extension AttackAvalanche EffectCollision (computer Science)Merkle–Damgård ConstructionSponge FunctionHAIFA ConstructionCRYPTRECNESSIENIST Hash Function CompetitionPost-quantum CryptographyKey StretchingMerkle TreeMessage AuthenticationProof-of-work SystemSalt (cryptography)Pepper (cryptography)Template:Cryptography NavboxTemplate Talk:Cryptography NavboxCryptographyHistory Of CryptographyCryptanalysisOutline Of CryptographySymmetric-key AlgorithmBlock CipherStream CipherPublic-key CryptographyCryptographic Hash FunctionMessage Authentication CodeCryptographically Secure Pseudorandom Number GeneratorSteganographyCrypto-shreddingCategory:CryptographyPortal:CryptographyWikipedia:WikiProject CryptographyTemplate:ISO StandardsTemplate Talk:ISO StandardsInternational Organization For StandardizationList Of International Organization For Standardization StandardsList Of ISO RomanizationsList Of IEC StandardsISO 1ISO 2Preferred NumberISO 4ISO 5ISO 6ISO 7ISO 9A440 (pitch Standard)ISO 31ISO 31-0ISO 31-1ISO 31-2ISO 31-3ISO 31-4ISO 31-5ISO 31-6ISO 31-7ISO 31-8ISO 31-9ISO 31-10ISO 31-11ISO 31-12ISO 31-13ISO 128ISO 216ISO 217ISO 226British Standard Pipe ThreadISO 233ISO 259EnvelopeKappa NumberVicat Softening PointISO 428ISO 518ISO 519ISO 639ISO 639-1ISO 639-2ISO 639-3ISO 639-5ISO 639-6ISO/IEC 646ISO 690ISO 732Antimagnetic WatchISO 843ISO 898ISO 965ISO 1000Magnetic Ink Character Recognition135 FilmOCR-A FontISO 1413ALGOL 60ISO 1745ISO 1989ISO 2014ISO 2015ISO/IEC 2022ISO 2047International Standard Book NumberISO 2145ISO 2146ISO 2240Water Resistant MarkISO 2709ISO 2711ISO 2788ISO 2848ISO 2852126 FilmISO 3103ISO 3166ISO 3166-1ISO 3166-2ISO 3166-3International Standard Serial NumberISO 3307Kunrei-shiki RomanizationISO 3864International Standard Recording CodeISO 3977ISO 4031ISO 4157ISO 4217ISO/IEC 4909ISO/IEC 5218ISO 5428ISO 5775ISO 5776ISO 5800ISO 5964ISO 6166ISO 6344ISO 6346ISO 6385Water Resistant MarkANSI Escape CodeISO 6438ISO 6523ISO 6709ISO 7001ISO 7002PinyinPascal (programming Language)ISO 7200OSI ModelISO 7736ISO/IEC 7810ISO/IEC 7811ISO/IEC 7812ISO/IEC 7813ISO/IEC 7816ISO 8000ISO 8178Fuel OilFTAMISO 8583ISO 8601Computer Graphics MetafileISO/IEC 8652ISO 8691Language Of Temporal Ordering SpecificationISO/IEC 8820-5ISO/IEC 8859ISO/IEC 8859-1ISO/IEC 8859-2ISO/IEC 8859-3ISO/IEC 8859-4ISO/IEC 8859-5ISO/IEC 8859-6ISO/IEC 8859-7ISO/IEC 8859-8ISO-8859-8-IISO/IEC 8859-9ISO/IEC 8859-10ISO/IEC 8859-11ISO/IEC 8859-12ISO/IEC 8859-13ISO/IEC 8859-14ISO/IEC 8859-15ISO/IEC 8859-16Standard Generalized Markup LanguageISO 9000SQLISO/IEC 9126File Allocation TableISO 9241ISO 9362Shoe SizeManufacturing Message SpecificationISO 9529ISO 9564X.500ISO 9660ISO 9897C (programming Language)POSIXISO 9984ISO 9985ISO/IEC 9995ISO 10005ISO 10006ISO 10007ISO/IEC 10116ISO 10160ISO 10161Guidelines For The Definition Of Managed ObjectsDocument Style Semantics And Specification LanguageISO 10206ISO 10218ISO 10303EXPRESS (data Modeling Language)ISO 10303-21ISO 10303-22ISO 10303-28STEP-NCISO 10383ISO 10487ArmSCIIIS-ISUniversal Coded Character SetTorxRM-ODPMultibusInternational Standard Music NumberISO 10962ISO/IEC 10967ISO/IEEE 11073ISO 11170ISO/IEC 11179ISO/IEC 11404JBIGISO 11783ISO 11784 & 11785ISO 11784 & 11785ISO/IEC 11801ISO 11898ISO 11940ISO 11940-2ISO/TR 11941ISO/TR 11941ISO 11992ISO 12006ISO/IEC TR 12182ISO/IEC 12207Tag Image File Format / Electronic PhotographyPrologPrologPrologIsofixTopic MapsISO 13399ISO 13406-2110 FilmISO 13485ISO 13490ISO 13567Z NotationISO 13584International Bank Account NumberISO 14000ISO 14031ISO 14224PDF/UAHorsepowerISO/IEC 14443MPEG-4MPEG-4 Part 2MPEG-4 Part 3Delivery Multimedia Integration FrameworkH.264/MPEG-4 AVCMPEG-4 Part 11MPEG-4 Part 12MPEG-4 Part 14MPEG-4 Part 14MPEG-4 Part 14ISO 14644STEP-NCISO 14651ISO 14698ISO 14750Software MaintenanceC++ISO 14971ISO 15022ISO 15189ISO/IEC 15288Ada Semantic Interface SpecificationISO 15292ISO 15398Common CriteriaJPEG 2000Motion JPEG 2000HTMLPDF417ISO/IEC 15504International Standard Identifier For Libraries And Related OrganizationsISO 15686ISO/IEC 15693International Standard Audiovisual NumberISO 15706-2International Standard Musical Work CodeISO 15897ISO 15919ISO 15924ISO 15926ISO 15926 WIPPDF/XMaxiCodeECMAScriptPDF/VTISO 16750ISO/TS 16949ISO/IEC 17024ISO/IEC 17025ISO 17100:2015Open Virtualization FormatSDMXLegal Entity IdentifierISO/IEC 27002ISO/IEC 18000QR CodeISO/IEC 18014ISO 18245Process Specification LanguagePhotographic Activity TestPDF/AISO 19011ISO 19092-1ISO 19092-2ISO 19114ISO 19115Simple Feature AccessISO 19136ISO 19439Common Object Request Broker ArchitectureUnified Modeling LanguageMeta-Object FacilityXML Metadata InterchangeUnified Modeling LanguageKnowledge Discovery MetamodelObject Constraint LanguageMeta-Object FacilityXML Metadata InterchangeBusiness Process Model And NotationISO 19600:2014ISO/IEC 19752RELAX NGISO/IEC 19770X3DISO/IEC 19794-5Cloud Infrastructure Management InterfaceISO/IEC 20000ISO 20022ISO 20121ISO 20400MPEG-21International Standard Text CodeISO 21500ISO/IEC 21827ISO 22000C Sharp (programming Language)Common Language InfrastructureLinux Standard BasePDF/ELexical Markup FrameworkISO-TimeMLCommon LogicISO 25178ISO 25964ISO 26000OpenDocumentDigital Object IdentifierISO/IEC 27000-seriesISO/IEC 27000ISO/IEC 27001ISO/IEC 27002ISO/IEC 27006International Standard Name IdentifierISO 28000ISO 29110Requirements EngineeringJPEG XROffice Open XMLRuby (programming Language)ISO 31000Portable Document FormatISO/IEC 38500Web Content Accessibility GuidelinesISO/IEC 42010ISO 55000ISO/IEC 80000ISO 80000-1ISO 80000-2ISO 80000-3Category:ISO StandardsHelp:CategoryCategory:Cryptographic Hash FunctionsCategory:CS1 Maint: Multiple Names: Authors ListCategory:All Articles With Dead External LinksCategory:Articles With Dead External Links From February 2018Category:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From February 2018Discussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

view link view link view link view link view link