Contents 1 History 1.1 1970s 1.2 1980s - 1990s 1.3 2000s - 2010s - Now 2 References 3 External links

History[edit] 1970s[edit] A 1972 proposal for the shopping center and a redevelopment district arose out of plans to "refurbish San Diego's historic town plaza", Horton Plaza. Due to numerous setbacks and resistance from preservation groups, construction did not begin until 1982.[4] The plaza is named for Alonzo Horton, who was largely responsible for the location of downtown San Diego. 1980s - 1990s[edit] View of Horton Plaza Aerial view from 1,000 feet (300 m), 2011 Horton Plaza was the $140 million centerpiece of a downtown redevelopment project run by The Hahn Company, and is the first example of architect Jon Jerde's so-called "experience architecture".[citation needed] When it opened in August 1985, it was a risky and radical departure from the standard paradigm of mall design. Its mismatched levels, long one-way ramps, sudden dropoffs, dramatic parapets, shadowy colonnades, cul-de-sacs, and brightly painted facades create an architectural experience in dramatic contrast to the conventional wisdom of mall management. Conventional malls are designed to reduce ambient sources of psychological arousal, so the customers' attention is directed towards merchandise. By making the mall an attraction in itself, Jerde stood this model on its head.[citation needed] Jerde's project was based on Ray Bradbury's essay "The Aesthetics of Lostness".[5] In it he extolled the virtues of getting "safely lost" as adults inspired by side streets of Paris, London, or New York.[6] Horton Plaza was an instant financial success and while some credited it for revitalizing downtown San Diego, others said the revitalization benefitted the mall.[3] When originally built, the center housed the historic Jessop's Clock, built in 1907, which formerly stood on a sidewalk in front of the Jessop and Sons jewelry store in Downtown San Diego.[7] Weeks after the malls opening in 1985 a man committed suicide by jumping from a third story walkway in the mall.[8] In what was the first of five suicides to occur over the malls history.[9] In 1993, Sam Goody and Planet Hollywood announced would be opening this store in the former J. W. Robinson's site in 1994. In 1995, United Artists Theatres announced would be building 7 new screens into 7 screens to make it 14 in 1996. In 1998 the owners of the mall sold it to the Westfield Group, now the Westfield Corporation.[10] 2000s - 2010s - Now[edit] Planet Hollywood announced would be closing this location in 2001 and it replaced with Express. In 2005, Mervyn's, and Express, Inc. announced would be closing this location in early 2005. Both were replaced by Steve & Barry's University Sportswear and closed again in 2009. The Musicland Group filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in January 2006, and in February announced the closing of 226 Sam Goody and 115 Suncoast Motion Picture Company stores, and all Media Play locations. On January 11, 2011, the San Diego City Council unanimously approved a plan to raze the former Robinsons-May building on the north side of the mall to make way for a 37,000 square feet (3,400 m2) urban park, effectively enlarging the adjacent, historic Horton Plaza and Broadway Fountain.[11] Westfield partnered with the city to renovate and restore the area into an urban park and public gathering place called Horton Plaza Park. Westfield agreed to operate the park and schedule events, which could include concerts, movie screenings, and celebrations. Horton Plaza Park will have a 53,000 square foot venue, a Cabrill hitheater, an interactive pop-jet fountain and 23 foot tall color-changing statues.[12] The new Horton Plaza Park had its grand opening on May 4, 2016.[13] In 2012, FYE announced would be closing this Sam Goody flagship store location. In 2012, Regal Entertainment Group announced would be downsizing this theatre from 14 to 8. In 2012 Westfield said it would not renew the lease on the Jessop's Clock and gave its owners (descendants of the clock's builder Joseph Jessop) six months to find a new location for it.[14] However, the heirs had trouble finding an appropriate location, and as of 2016 the clock is still at Westfield Horton Plaza. In 2013 armed police descended on the mall after receiving a tip that fugitive Christopher Dorner was spotted in the mall. One man was arrested by police, though it later was revealed to be a case of mistaken identity.[15] June 24, 2016 Nordstrom announces closing of Horton Plaza store on August 26, 2016, Leaving one anchor (Macy's) left in the mall.[2] On November 22, 2016 a local woman who had previously been reported as suicidal shot herself in the middle of the crowded mall after leading police on a chase. [16] In July 2017 a shooting occurred at the mall in which an active duty Navy man was killed and cousin wounded after getting into a confrontation with another man.[17][18] Just three days after this incident another man committed suicide by jumping from the plazas balcony in an unrelated incident.[19]

References[edit] ^ a b c "Westfield Horton Plaza". Westfield Group. Archived from the original on 2008-08-02. Retrieved 2011-02-09.  ^ a b McVicker, Laura & Bob, Consumer (June 24, 2016). "Horton Plaza Nordstrom Announces Store Closure: The store has been open in downtown San Diego since 1985". KNSD.  ^ a b Crawford, Richard (1995). "Horton Plaza Redevelopment Project". The Journal of San Diego History. San Diego Historical Society. 41 (3).  ^ Eddy, Lucinda (Summer 1995). "Visions of Paradise: The Selling of San Diego". The Journal of San Diego History. 40 (3). Retrieved 4 October 2012.  ^ Bradbury, Ray (2015-01-29). "The Pomegranate Architect". Paris Review. Retrieved 2016-03-26.  ^ Weller, Sam (2006). Ray Bradbury Chronicles. Harper Collins. p. 292. ISBN 9780060545840.  ^ Jessop, Joseph E. (Winter 1987). "The Jessop Street Clock: A San Diego landmark". Journal of San Diego History.  ^ "Man Jumps to Death from Horton Plaza". Los Angeles Times. 1985-11-02. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2017-10-20.  ^ Rowe, Peter. "Horton Plaza: from remarkable vision to troubled reality". Retrieved 2017-10-20.  ^ "TrizecHahn to Sell 20 Shopping Centers to REITs: Horton Plaza, Fox Hills Are Included in Deal". Los Angeles Times. April 7, 1998.  ^ "Horton Plaza Park Approved By City Council". January 11, 2011. Archived from the original on 2012-03-29.  ^ "The History & Future of Horton Plaza in Downtown San Diego". Buy Sell Rent San Diego. 2016-04-01. Retrieved 2016-05-04.  ^ "4 May Grand Opening for Horton Plaza Park". Fox 5 San Diego. May 4, 2016. Retrieved 4 May 2016.  ^ Bell, Diane (June 27, 2012). "Historic Jessop's clock must find a new home". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 20 February 2014.  ^ "Man Cuffed in Horton Plaza Dorner Sighting". NBC 7 San Diego. Retrieved 2017-10-20.  ^ "Woman Dies After Shooting Self at Horton Plaza Mall". NBC 7 San Diego. Retrieved 2017-10-20.  ^ "1 Dead, 1 Wounded in Horton Plaza Homicide: PD". NBC 7 San Diego. Retrieved 2017-10-20.  ^ Hessedal, Brandon Lewis, Kelly. "Man killed in weekend shooting at Horton Plaza identified". Retrieved 2017-10-20.  ^ Repard, Pauline. "Man leaps from Horton Plaza shopping mall". Retrieved 2017-10-20. 

External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Westfield Horton Plaza. Official website an evolution of the shopping mall urban form, with pictures of Horton Plaza Information on Horton Neighborhood Remarks of Senator John F. Kennedy, Horton Plaza, San Diego, CA Coordinates: 32°42′49″N 117°9′45″W / 32.71361°N 117.16250°W / 32.71361; -117.16250 v t e Westfield Shopping Centers in the United States California (Northern) Galleria at Roseville Oakridge San Francisco Centre Valley Fair California (Southern) Century City Culver City Fashion Square Horton Plaza Mission Valley North County Palm Desert Plaza Bonita Promenade Santa Anita Topanga UTC Valencia Town Center Connecticut Meriden Trumbull Florida Brandon Broward Citrus Park Countryside Sarasota Square Siesta Key Illinois Old Orchard Maryland Annapolis Montgomery Wheaton New Jersey Garden State Plaza New York South Shore Sunrise World Trade Center Fulton Center Washington Southcenter Westfield Corporation v t e Shopping malls in California Northern California Alameda Bay Street Emeryville Bayfair Center Eastmont Town Center Fremont Hub NewPark Mall Oakland City Center Pacific Commons Rockridge Market Hall Skywest Commons Southland Mall Stoneridge Shopping Center Union Landing Shopping Center Westgate Center Contra Costa Abella Center Broadway Plaza El Cerrito Plaza Hilltop Mall Macdonald 80 Shopping Center Pacific East Mall Somersville Towne Center Sunvalley Shopping Center Willows Shopping Center Fresno Fashion Fair Mall River Park Marin Mall at Northgate Town Center at Corte Madera Village at Corte Madera Monterey Del Monte Center Northridge Mall Sacramento Arden Fair Mall Downtown Commons Florin Mall Florin Towne Centre Sunrise Mall San Francisco Metreon Stonestown Galleria Union Square Union Street Stores Westfield San Francisco Centre San Mateo Hillsdale Shopping Center Serramonte Center Shops at Tanforan Westlake Shopping Center San Joaquin Sherwood Mall Weberstown Mall West Valley Mall Santa Clara Eastridge Great Mall of the Bay Area Mayfield Mall PruneYard Shopping Center San Antonio Shopping Center Santana Row Stanford Shopping Center Sunnyvale Town Center Vallco Shopping Mall Westfield Oakridge Westfield Valley Fair Westgate Mall Sonoma Coddingtown Mall Montgomery Village Santa Rosa Plaza Elsewhere Bayshore Mall Capitola Mall Chico Mall Solano Town Center Vintage Faire Mall Visalia Mall Westfield Galleria at Roseville Yuba Sutter Mall Southern California Los Angeles Los Angeles Proper Baldwin Hills Crenshaw Plaza Beverly Center Brentwood Country Mart El Mercado de Los Angeles Farmers Market FIGat7th Grove at Farmers Market Hollywood and Highland Center Promenade at Howard Hughes Center West Hollywood Gateway Project Westfield Century City Westside Pavilion San Fernando Valley Americana at Brand Burbank Town Center Crossroads of the World Commons at Calabasas Fallbrook Center Glendale Galleria Northridge Fashion Center Sherman Oaks Galleria Universal CityWalk Westfield Fashion Square Westfield Promenade Westfield Topanga Elsewhere Antelope Valley Mall Cerritos Towne Center Del Amo Fashion Center Eastland Center Edgemar Fisherman's Village Hawthorne Plaza Shopping Center Lakewood Center Long Beach Plaza Los Cerritos Center Malibu Country Mart Old Pasadena Paseo Colorado Plaza México Plaza West Covina Puente Hills Mall Quad at Whittier Santa Monica Place Shops at Montebello South Bay Galleria SouthBay Pavilion Stonewood Center Third Street Promenade Westfield Culver City Westfield Santa Anita Westfield Valencia Town Center Whittwood Town Center Orange Anaheim GardenWalk Anaheim Plaza Bella Terra Brea Mall Buena Park Downtown Downtown Disney Fashion Island Irvine Spectrum Laguna Hills Mall MainPlace Mall The Market Place Outlets at Orange Shops at Mission Viejo South Coast Plaza Village at Orange Westminster Mall Riverside Desert Fashion Plaza Galleria at Tyler Main Street Pedestrian Mall Moreno Valley Mall Promenade In Temecula Westfield Palm Desert San Bernardino Barstow Mall Carousel Mall Citrus Plaza Inland Center Mall of Victor Valley Montclair Plaza Ontario Mills Redlands Mall Victoria Gardens San Diego Chula Vista Center Fashion Valley Mall Grossmont Center Las Americas Premium Outlets Otay Ranch Town Center Parkway Plaza Seaport Village Westfield Carlsbad Westfield Horton Plaza Westfield Mission Valley Westfield North County Westfield Plaza Bonita Westfield UTC Ventura Collection at RiverPark The Oaks Pacific View Mall Simi Valley Town Center Elsewhere Imperial Valley Mall La Cumbre Plaza Valley Plaza Mall Retrieved from "" Categories: Buildings and structures in San DiegoWestfield GroupShopping malls established in 1985Economy of San DiegoShopping malls in San Diego County, CaliforniaTourist attractions in San DiegoGaslamp Quarter, San DiegoHidden categories: Official website different in Wikidata and WikipediaAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from February 2011Articles with unsourced statements from July 2015Coordinates on Wikidata

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San Diego, CaliforniaUnited StatesThe Hahn CompanyWestfield CorporationWestfield CorporationAnchor StoreGross Leasable AreaCivic Center (San Diego Trolley Station)Horton Plaza And Broadway FountainShopping MallDowntown San DiegoSan DiegoGaslamp QuarterMacy'sNordstromAldo GroupForever 21Johnston And MurphyClaire'sGymboreeVictoria's SecretHorton Plaza And Broadway FountainAlonzo HortonEnlargeEnlargeThe Hahn CompanyJon JerdeWikipedia:Citation NeededWikipedia:Citation NeededRay BradburyJessop's ClockDowntown San DiegoSam GoodyPlanet HollywoodJ. W. 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