Contents 1 Defining the West 1.1 Subregions 1.2 Outlying areas 2 Demographics 3 Natural geography 3.1 Climate and agriculture 3.2 Geology 4 History 4.1 20th century 5 Culture 6 Major metropolitan areas 6.1 Other population centers 7 Politics 8 Health 9 See also 10 References 11 Further reading 12 External links


Defining the West[edit] This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (August 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) While the West is defined by many cultures, the American cowboy is often seen as iconic of the region, here portrayed by C. M. Russell. The West, as the most recent part of the United States, is often known for broad highways and freeways and open space. Pictured is a road in Utah to Monument Valley. The Western U.S. is the largest region of the country, covering more than half the land area of the United States. It is also the most geographically diverse, incorporating geographic regions such as the temperate rainforests of the Northwest, the highest mountain ranges (including the Rocky Mountains, and the Sierra Nevada), the Great Plains, and all of the desert areas located in the United States (the Mojave, Sonoran, Great Basin, and Chihuahua deserts). Given this expansive and diverse geography it is no wonder the region is difficult to specifically define. Sensing a possible shift in the popular understanding of the West as a region in the early 1990s, historian Walter Nugent conducted a survey of three groups of professionals with ties to the region: a large group of Western historians (187 respondents), and two smaller groups, 25 journalists and publishers and 39 Western authors.[3] A majority of the historian respondents placed the eastern boundary of the West east of the Census definition out on the eastern edge of the Great Plains or on the Mississippi River. The survey respondents as a whole showed just how little agreement there was on the boundaries of the West. Subregions[edit] Within a region as large and diverse as the Western United States, smaller areas with more closely shared demographics and geography have developed as subregions. The region is split into two smaller units, or divisions, by the U.S. Census Bureau:[1] Mountain States  Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, Idaho, Utah, Arizona, and Nevada Pacific States  Washington, Oregon, California, Alaska, and Hawaii Other classifications distinguish between Southwest and Northwest. Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, Colorado and Utah are typically considered to be part of the Southwest, though Texas and Oklahoma are frequently considered part of the Southwest as well. Meanwhile, the states of Idaho, Montana, Oregon and Washington can be considered part of the Northwest or Pacific Northwest. The term West Coast is commonly used to refer to just California, Oregon and Washington, whereas Alaska and Hawaii are more geographically isolated from the other states of the region and do not necessarily fit in any of these subregions. Outlying areas[edit] West Texas in the Chihuahuan Desert may be considered as part of the Western U.S., as from a climatological perspective the West might be said to begin just west of Austin where annual rainfall drops off significantly from what is typically experienced in the East, with a concurrent change in plant and animal species. Fort Worth has long laid claim to be "Where the West Begins."


Demographics[edit] The population distribution by race in the Western United States (2010):[4] 66.4% Non-Hispanic Whites 28.6% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 9.3% Asian 4.8% Black or African American 1.9% American Indian or Alaska Native 12.4% Some other race As defined by the United States Census Bureau, the Western region of the United States includes 13 states[1] with a total 2013 estimated population of 74,254,423.[5] The West is still one of the most sparsely settled areas in the United States with 49.5 inhabitants per square mile (19/km²). Only Texas with 78.0 inhabitants/sq mi. (30/km²), Washington with 86.0 inhabitants/sq mi. (33/km²), and California with 213.4 inhabitants/sq mi. (82/km²) exceed the national average of 77.98 inhabitants/sq mi. (30/km²). These maps from the 2000 US Census highlight differences from state to state of three minority groups. Note that most of the American Indian, Hispanic, and Asian population is in the West. The entire Western region has also been strongly influenced by European, Hispanic or Latino, Asian and Native Americans; it contains the largest number of minorities in the U.S. While most of the studies of racial dynamics in America such as riots in Los Angeles have been written about European and African Americans, in many cities in the West and California, Whites and Blacks together are less than half the population because of the preference for the region by Hispanics and Asians. African and European Americans, however, continue to wield a stronger political influence because of the lower rates of citizenship and voting among Asians and Hispanics. The West also contains much of the Native American population in the U.S., particularly in the large reservations in the Mountain and Desert States. The largest concentrations for African Americans in the West can be found in San Diego, Los Angeles, Oakland, Sacramento, San Francisco, Seattle, Tacoma, Phoenix, Las Vegas, Denver, and Colorado Springs. The Western United States has a higher sex ratio (more males than females) than any other region in the United States.[6] Because the tide of development had not yet reached most of the West when conservation became a national issue, agencies of the federal government own and manage vast areas of land. (The most important among these are the National Park Service and the Bureau of Land Management within the Interior Department, and the U.S. Forest Service within the Agriculture Department.) National parks are reserved for recreational activities such as fishing, camping, hiking, and boating, but other government lands also allow commercial activities like ranching, logging, and mining. In recent years, some local residents who earn their livelihoods on federal land have come into conflict with the land's managers, who are required to keep land use within environmentally acceptable limits. The largest city in the region is Los Angeles, located on the West Coast. Other West Coast cities include San Diego, San Bernardino, San Jose, San Francisco, Oakland, Bakersfield, Sacramento, Seattle, Tacoma, and Portland. Prominent cities in the Mountain States include Denver, Colorado Springs, Phoenix, Tucson, Albuquerque, Las Vegas, Salt Lake City, Boise, El Paso, and Billings.


Natural geography[edit] The geography of the Western United States is split into three major physiographic divisions: the Rocky Mountain System (areas 16-19 on map), the Intermontane Plateaus (20-22), and the Pacific Mountain System (23-25). Arid regions of the Western United States as mapped in 1893 Zion National Park in southern Utah is one of five national parks in the state. Big Sur, California The High Desert region of Oregon. The Mojave Desert covers much of the Southwestern United States, stretching from Nevada into California, Arizona, and Utah. Pryor Mountains in Montana, feral horses Great Sand Dunes National Park in Colorado Grand Canyon, Arizona Along the Pacific Ocean coast lie the Coast Ranges, which, while not approaching the scale of the Rocky Mountains, are formidable nevertheless. They collect a large part of the airborne moisture moving in from the ocean. East of the Coast Ranges lie several cultivated fertile valleys, notably the San Joaquin and Sacramento valleys of California and the Willamette Valley of Oregon. Beyond the valleys lie the Sierra Nevada in the south and the Cascade Range in the north. Mount Whitney, at 14,505 feet (4,421 m) the tallest peak in the contiguous 48 states, is in the Sierra Nevada. The Cascades are also volcanic. Mount Rainier, a volcano in Washington, is also over 14,000 feet (4,300 m). Mount St. Helens, a volcano in the Cascades erupted explosively in 1980. A major volcanic eruption at Mount Mazama around 4860 BC formed Crater Lake. These mountain ranges see heavy precipitation, capturing most of the moisture that remains after the Coast Ranges, and creating a rain shadow to the east forming vast stretches of arid land. These dry areas encompass much of Nevada, Utah, and Arizona. The Mojave Desert and Sonoran Desert along with other deserts are found here. Beyond the deserts lie the Rocky Mountains. In the north, they run almost immediately east of the Cascade Range, so that the desert region is only a few miles wide by the time one reaches the Canada–US border. The Rockies are hundreds of miles (kilometers) wide, and run uninterrupted from New Mexico to Alaska. The Rocky Mountain Region is the highest overall area of the United States, with an average elevation of above 4,000 feet (1,200 m). The tallest peaks of the Rockies, 54 of which are over 14,000 feet (4,300 m), are found in central and western Colorado. The West has several long rivers that empty into the Pacific Ocean, while the eastern rivers run into the Gulf of Mexico. The Mississippi River forms the easternmost possible boundary for the West today. The Missouri River, a tributary of the Mississippi, flows from its headwaters in the Rocky Mountains eastward across the Great Plains, a vast grassy plateau, before sloping gradually down to the forests and hence to the Mississippi. The Colorado River snakes through the Mountain states, at one point forming the Grand Canyon. The Colorado River is a major source of water in the Southwest and many dams, such as the Hoover Dam, form reservoirs along it. So much water is drawn for drinking water throughout the West and irrigation in California that in most years, water from the Colorado River no longer reaches the Gulf of California. The Columbia River, the largest river in volume flowing into the Pacific Ocean from North America, and its tributary, the Snake River, water the Pacific Northwest. The Platte runs through Nebraska and was known for being a mile (2 km) wide but only a half-inch (1 cm) deep. The Rio Grande forms the border between Texas and Mexico before turning due north and splitting New Mexico in half. According to the United States Coast Guard, "The Western Rivers System consists of the Mississippi, Ohio, Missouri, Illinois, Tennessee, Cumberland, Arkansas, and White Rivers and their tributaries, and certain other rivers that flow towards the Gulf of Mexico."[7] Climate and agriculture[edit] Most of the public land held by the U.S. National Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management is in the Western states. Public lands account for 25 to 75 percent of the total land area in these states.[8] As a generalization, the climate of the West can be described as semiarid; however, parts of the West get extremely high amounts of rain and/or snow, and still other parts are true desert and get less than 5 inches (130 mm) of rain per year. Also, the climate of the West is quite unstable, as areas that are normally wet can be very dry for years and vice versa. The seasonal temperatures vary greatly throughout the West. Low elevations on the West Coast have warm summers and mild winters with little to no snow. The desert southwest has very hot summers and mild winters. While the mountains in the southwest receive generally large amounts of snow. The Inland Northwest has a continental climate of warm to hot summers and cold to bitter cold winters. Annual rainfall is greater in the eastern portions, gradually tapering off until reaching the Pacific Coast where it increases again. In fact, the greatest annual rainfall in the United States falls in the coastal regions of the Pacific Northwest. Drought is much more common in the West than the rest of the United States. The driest place recorded in the U.S. is Death Valley, California.[9] Violent thunderstorms occur east of the Rockies. Tornadoes occur every spring on the southern plains, with the most common and most destructive centered on Tornado Alley, which covers eastern portions of the West, (Texas to North Dakota), and all states in between and to the east. Agriculture varies depending on rainfall, irrigation, soil, elevation, and temperature extremes. The arid regions generally support only livestock grazing, chiefly beef cattle. The wheat belt extends from Texas through the Dakotas, producing most of the wheat and soybeans in the U.S. and exporting more to the rest of the world. Irrigation in the Southwest allows the growing of great quantities of fruits, nuts, and vegetables as well as grain, hay, and flowers. Texas is a major cattle and sheep raising area, as well as the nation's largest producer of cotton. Washington is famous for its apples, and Idaho for its potatoes. California and Arizona are major producers of citrus crops, although growing metropolitan sprawl is absorbing much of this land. Local and state government officials started to understand, after several surveys made during the latter part of the 19th century, that only action by the federal government could provide water resources needed to support the development of the West[citation needed]. Starting in 1902, Congress passed a series of acts authorizing the establishment of the United States Bureau of Reclamation to oversee water development projects in seventeen western states. During the first half of the 20th century, dams and irrigation projects provided water for rapid agricultural growth throughout the West and brought prosperity for several states, where agriculture had previously only been subsistence level. Following World War II, the West's cities experienced an economic and population boom. The population growth, mostly in the Southwest states of New Mexico, Utah, Colorado, Arizona, and Nevada, has strained water and power resources, with water diverted from agricultural uses to major population centers, such as the Las Vegas Valley and Los Angeles. Geology[edit] Plains make up much of the eastern portion of the West, underlain with sedimentary rock from the Upper Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic eras. The Rocky Mountains expose igneous and metamorphic rock both from the Precambrian and from the Phanerozoic eon. The Inter-mountain States and Pacific Northwest have huge expanses of volcanic rock from the Cenozoic era. Salt flats and salt lakes reveal a time when the great inland seas covered much of what is now the West. The Pacific states are the most geologically active areas in the United States. Earthquakes cause damage every few to several years in California. While the Pacific states are the most volcanically active areas, extinct volcanoes and lava flows are found throughout most of the West.


History[edit] Main articles: American frontier and Timeline of the American Old West The Western United States has been populated by Native Americans since at least 11,000 years ago, when the first Paleo-Indians arrived. Pre-Columbian trade routes to kingdoms and empires such as the Mound Builders existed in places such as Yellowstone National Park since around 1000 AD. Major settlement of the western territories developed rapidly in the 1840s, largely through the Oregon Trail and the California Gold Rush of 1849. California experienced such a rapid growth in a few short months that it was admitted to statehood in 1850 without the normal transitory phase of becoming an official territory.[10] One of the largest migrations in American history occurred in the 1840s as the Latter Day Saints left the Midwest to build a theocracy in Utah. Both Omaha, Nebraska and St. Louis, Missouri laid claim to the title, "Gateway to the West" during this period. Omaha, home to the Union Pacific Railroad and the Mormon Trail, made its fortunes on outfitting settlers; St. Louis built itself upon the vast fur trade in the West before its settlement. The 1850s were marked by political battles over the expansion of slavery into the western territories, issues leading to the Civil War.[11] The history of the American West in the late 19th and early 20th centuries has acquired a cultural mythos in the literature and cinema of the United States. The image of the cowboy, the homesteader, and westward expansion took real events and transmuted them into a myth of the west which has shaped much of American popular culture since the late 19th century.[12] Writers as diverse as Bret Harte and Zane Grey celebrated or derided cowboy culture, while artists such as Frederic Remington created western art as a method of recording the expansion into the west. The American cinema, in particular, created the genre of the western movie, which, in many cases, use the West as a metaphor for the virtue of self-reliance and an American ethos. The contrast between the romanticism of culture about the West and the actuality of the history of the westward expansion has been a theme of late 20th and early 21st century scholarship about the West. Cowboy culture has become embedded in the American experience as a common cultural touchstone, and modern forms as diverse as country and western music have celebrated the sense of isolation and independence of spirit inspired by the frontiersmen on virgin land.[13] 20th century[edit] The advent of the automobile enabled the average American to tour the West. Western businessmen promoted U.S. Route 66 as a means to bring tourism and industry to the West. In the 1950s, representatives from all the western states built the Cowboy Hall of Fame and Western Heritage Center to showcase western culture and greet travelers from the East. During the latter half of the 20th century, several transcontinental interstate highways crossed the West bringing more trade and tourists from the East. Oil boom towns in Texas and Oklahoma rivaled the old mining camps for their rawness and wealth. The Dust Bowl forced children of the original homesteaders even further west.[14] The movies became America's chief entertainment source featuring western fiction, later the community of Hollywood in Los Angeles became the headquarters of the mass media such as radio and television production.[15] California has emerged as the most populous state and one of the top 10 economies in the world. Massive late 19th-20th century population and settlement booms created two megalopolis areas of the Greater Los Angeles/Southern California and the San Francisco Bay Area/Northern California regions, one of the nation's largest metropolitan areas and in the top 25 largest urban areas in the world. Four more metropolitan areas of San Bernardino-Riverside, San Diego, Denver, Phoenix, and Seattle have over a million residents, while the three fastest growing metro areas were the Salt Lake City metropolitan area, the Las Vegas metropolitan area; and the Portland metropolitan area.[16][17] Although there has been segregation, along with accusations of racial profiling and police brutality towards minorities due to issues such as illegal immigration and a racial shift (i.e. White flight and now black flight) in neighborhood demographics, sometimes leading to racially based riots (i.e. the 1992 Los Angeles Riots and 1965 Watts Riots), the West has a continuing reputation for being open-minded and for being one of the most racially progressive areas in the United States. Los Angeles has the largest Mexican population outside of Mexico, while San Francisco has the largest Chinese community in North America and also has a large LGBT community, and Oakland, California has a large percentage of residents being African-American, as well as Long Beach, California which also has a large Black community. The state of Utah has a Mormon majority (estimated at 62.4% in 2004),[18] while some cities like Albuquerque, New Mexico; Billings, Montana; Spokane, Washington; and Tucson, Arizona are located near Indian Reservations. In remote areas there are settlements of Alaskan Natives and Native Hawaiians.


Culture[edit] Facing both the Pacific Ocean and the Mexican border, the West has been shaped by a variety of ethnic groups. Hawaii is the only state in the union in which Asian Americans outnumber white American residents. Asians from many countries have settled in California and other coastal states in several waves of immigration since the 19th century, contributing to the Gold Rush, the building of the transcontinental railroad, agriculture, and more recently, high technology. The border states—California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas—and other southwestern states such as Colorado, Utah, and Nevada all have large Hispanic populations, and the many Spanish place names attest to their history as former Spanish and Mexican territories. Mexican-Americans have also had a growing population in Northwestern states of Oregon and Washington, as well as the southern states of Texas and Oklahoma. Hollywood is a well-known area of Los Angeles and the symbolic center of the American film industry. Alaska—the northernmost state in the Union—is a vast land of few people, many of them native, and of great stretches of wilderness, protected in national parks and wildlife refuges. Hawaii's location makes it a major gateway between the U.S. and Asia, as well as a center for tourism. In the Pacific Coast states, the wide areas filled with small towns, farms, and forests are supplemented by a few big port cities which have evolved into world centers for the media and technology industries. Now the second largest city in the nation, Los Angeles is best known as the home of the Hollywood film industry; the area around Los Angeles also was a major center for the aerospace industry by World War II, though Boeing, located in Washington State would lead the aerospace industry. Fueled by the growth of Los Angeles, as well as the San Francisco Bay area, including Silicon Valley, the center of America's high tech industry, California has become the most populous of all the 50 states. Oregon and Washington have also seen rapid growth with the rise of Boeing and Microsoft along with agriculture and resource based industries. The desert and mountain states have relatively low population densities, and developed as ranching and mining areas which are only recently becoming urbanized. Most of them have highly individualistic cultures, and have worked to balance the interests of urban development, recreation, and the environment. Newspaper Rock State Historic Monument, Utah, contains petroglyphs left by the first inhabitants of the American Southwest. Culturally distinctive points include the large Mormon population in the Mormon Corridor, including southeastern Idaho, Utah, Northern Arizona, and Nevada; the extravagant casino resort towns of Las Vegas and Reno, Nevada; and the numerous American Indian tribal reservations.


Major metropolitan areas[edit] These are the largest Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA) with a population above 500,000 in the 13 Western states with population estimates as of July 1, 2015 as defined by the United States Census Bureau:[19] Rank (West) Rank (USA)[20] MSA Population State(s)     1 2 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim MSA 13,340,068 California 2 11 San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward MSA 4,656,132 California 3 12 Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale MSA 4,574,531 Arizona 4 13 San Bernardino-Riverside-Ontario MSA 4,489,159 California 5 15 Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue MSA 3,733,580 Washington 6 17 San Diego-Carlsbad MSA 3,299,521 California 7 19 Denver-Aurora-Lakewood MSA 2,814,330 Colorado 8 23 Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro MSA 2,389,228 Oregon Washington 9 27 Sacramento-Roseville-Arden-Arcade MSA 2,274,194 California 10 29 Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise MSA 2,114,801 Nevada 11 35 San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara MSA 1,976,836 California 12 48 Salt Lake City MSA 1,170,266 Utah 13 53 Tucson MSA 1,010,025 Arizona 14 54 Honolulu MSA 998,714 Hawaii 15 56 Fresno MSA 974,861 California 16 60 Albuquerque MSA 907,301 New Mexico 17 61 Bakersfield-Delano MSA 882,176 California 18 66 Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura MSA 850,536 California 19 77 Stockton-Lodi MSA 726,106 California 20 80 Colorado Springs MSA 697,856 Colorado 21 81 Boise City MSA 676,909 Idaho 22 86 Ogden-Clearfield MSA 642,850 Utah 23 93 Provo-Orem MSA 585,799 Utah 24 100 Spokane-Spokane Valley MSA 547,824 Washington 25 102 Modesto MSA 538,388 California 26 106 Santa Rosa MSA 502,146 California Other population centers[edit] The MSA of El Paso, Texas, although belonging to a state considered part of the Southern United States, is sometimes also considered part of the Western United States. Its estimated population is 838,972.[19] The Mexican border cities of Tijuana (part of the San Diego MSA) and Mexicali (part of the Yuma, AZ-El Centro, CA MSA) in the Mexican state of Baja California. The Canadian border cities of Vancouver, British Columbia and Victoria, British Columbia (the nearest US cities are Bellingham and Port Angeles, both in Washington). The largest MSA in Alaska is Anchorage; it has an estimated population of 399,790, as of July 2015.[19]


Politics[edit] States where state-level laws allowed legalized medicinal marijuana before 2005. States with legalized physician-assisted suicide States that have no income tax at the state level Further information: Coastal California § Politics, and Left Coast The region's distance from historical centers of power in the East, and the celebrated "frontier spirit" of its settlers offer two clichés for explaining the region's independent, heterogeneous politics. Historically, the West was the first region to see widespread women's suffrage, with women casting votes in Utah and Wyoming as early as 1870, five decades before the 19th Amendment was ratified by the nation. California birthed both the property rights and conservation movements, and spawned such phenomena as the Taxpayer Revolt and the Berkeley Free Speech Movement. It has also produced three presidents: Herbert Hoover, Richard Nixon, and Ronald Reagan. The prevalence of libertarian political attitudes is widespread. For example, the majority of Western states have legalized medicinal marijuana (all but Utah and Wyoming) and some forms of gambling (except Utah); Oregon, Washington, and Montana have legalized physician-assisted suicide; most rural counties in Nevada allow licensed brothels, and voters in Alaska, Colorado, Nevada, California, Oregon, and Washington have legalized recreational use of marijuana.[21] The West Coast and Hawaii lean toward the Democratic Party. San Francisco's two main political parties are the Green Party and the Democratic Party. Seattle has historically been a center of radical left-wing politics. One of the Democratic leaders of the Congress is from the region: House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi of California. Alaska and the Mountain States are more Republican, with Alaska, Arizona, Idaho, Montana, Utah, and Wyoming being Republican strongholds, and Colorado and Nevada being swing states. The state of Nevada is considered a political bellwether, having correctly voted for every president except twice (in 1976 and 2016) since 1912. New Mexico too is considered a bellwether, having voted for the popular vote winner in every presidential election since statehood, except in 1976 and 2000. The state of Arizona has been won by the Republican presidential candidate in every election except one since 1948, while the states of Idaho, Utah, and Wyoming have been won by the Republican presidential candidate in every election since 1964. Wyoming, Idaho, and Utah have been some of the country's most Republican states. As the fastest-growing demographic group, after Asians, Latinos are hotly contested by both parties. Immigration is an important political issue for this group. Backlash against illegal aliens led to the passage of California Proposition 187 in 1994, a ballot initiative which would have denied many public services to illegal aliens. Association of this proposal with California Republicans, especially incumbent governor Pete Wilson, drove many Hispanic voters to the Democrats.[22]


Health[edit] The Western United States consistently ranks well in health measures. The rate of potentially preventable hospitalizations in the Western United States was consistently lower than other regions from 2005 to 2011.[23] While the proportion of maternal or neonatal hospital stays was higher in the Western United States relative to other regions, the proportion of medical stays in hospitals was lower than in other regions in 2012.[24]


See also[edit] Art of the West (magazine) Autry Museum of the American West California cuisine Folklore of the United States High Country News History of the west coast of North America History of the Jews in the American West Intermountain West Sunset magazine Professional sports in the Western United States Territories of the United States on stamps Western Canada Western White House


References[edit] ^ a b c "Census Regions and Divisions of the United States" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2014.  ^ Jody Halsted (31 July 2014). "On the road along the Mississippi River". Foxnews. Retrieved 8 November 2015.  ^ Nugent, Walter (Summer 1992). "Where Is the American West? Report on a Survey". Montana The Magazine of Western History. 42 (3): 2–23. JSTOR 4519496.  ^ "Race and Hispanic or Latino Origin: 2010". American Fact Finder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2014.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". American Fact Finder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2014.  ^ http://www.nationalatlas.gov/articles/people/a_gender.html ^ "Inland Aids to Navigation" (PDF). Coast Guard Auxiliary: National ATON-CU study guide (Section XIV). United States Coast Guard. pp. 14–2. Retrieved 2009-03-21.  ^ "Western States Data Public Land Acreage". www.wildlandfire.com.  ^ "Death Valley: Hottest, Driest, Lowest (SpotHopping.com)". spothopping.com.  ^ H. W. Brands, The Age of Gold: The California Gold Rush and the New American Dream (2002) ^ Michael Morrison, Slavery and the American West: The Eclipse of Manifest Destiny and the Coming of the Civil War (1997) ^ Gary J. Hausladen, Western Places, American Myths: How We Think About The West (U. of Nevada Press, 2006) ^ Henry Nash Smith, Virgin Land: The American West as Symbol and Myth (Harvard University Press, 1950) ^ Donald Worster, Dust bowl: the southern plains in the 1930s (Oxford University Press, 1982) ^ Allen John Scott, On Hollywood: The place, the industry (Princeton University Press, 2005) ^ Lawrence Larsen, The urban West at the end of the frontier (1978). ^ Earl Pomeroy, American Far West in the Twentieth Century (Yale University Press, 2008) ^ Canham, Matt (July 24, 2005). "Mormon Portion of Utah Population Steadily Shrinking". The Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved February 23, 2012.  ^ a b c "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". United States Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2016. Retrieved 28 June 2016.  ^ "Estimates of Resident Population Change and Rankings: July 1, 2014 to July 1, 2015". United States Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2016. Retrieved 28 June 2016.  ^ "Slate". 5 November 2014.  ^ Stephen D. Cummings and Patrick B. Reddy, California after Arnold (2009) pp 165-70 ^ Torio CM, Andrews RM (September 2014). "Geographic Variation in Potentially Preventable Hospitalizations for Acute and Chronic Conditions, 2005-2011". HCUP Statistical Brief #178. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.  ^ Wiess, AJ and Elixhauser A (October 2014). "Overview of Hospital Utilization, 2012". HCUP Statistical Brief #180. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. 


Further reading[edit] Beck, Warren A., Haase, Ynez D.; Historical Atlas of the American West. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1989. Everett, Derek R. Creating the American West: Boundaries and Borderlands. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 2014. Lamar, Howard. The New Encyclopedia of the American West. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1998. Milner II, Clyde A; O'Connor, Carol A.; Sandweiss, Martha A. The Oxford History of the American West. Oxford University Press, 1994. Phillips, Charles; Axlerod, Alan; editor. The Encyclopedia of the American West. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1996. Pomeroy, Earl. The American Far West in the Twentieth Century. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2009. Turner, Frederick Jackson. Rereading Frederick Jackson Turner: 'The Significance of the Frontier in American History' and Other Essays. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1998. White, Richard. "It's Your Misfortune and None of My Own": A New History of the American West. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1991.


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Corridor Nanzhong Lingnan Liangguang Jiangnan Jianghuai Guanzhong Huizhou Wu Jiaozhou Zhongyuan Shaannan Ordos Loop Loess Plateau Shaanbei Hamgyong Mountains Central Mountain Range Japanese Alps Suzuka Mountains Leizhou Peninsula Gulf of Tonkin Yangtze River Delta Pearl River Delta Yenisei Basin Altai Mountains Wakhan Corridor Wakhjir Pass West Greater Middle East MENA MENASA Middle East Red Sea Caspian Sea Mediterranean Sea Zagros Mountains Persian Gulf Pirate Coast Strait of Hormuz Greater and Lesser Tunbs Al-Faw Peninsula Gulf of Oman Gulf of Aqaba Gulf of Aden Balochistan Arabian Peninsula Najd Hejaz Tihamah Eastern Arabia South Arabia Hadhramaut Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Tigris–Euphrates Mesopotamia Upper Mesopotamia Lower Mesopotamia Sawad Nineveh plains Akkad (region) Babylonia Canaan Aram Eber-Nari Suhum Eastern Mediterranean Mashriq Kurdistan Levant Southern Levant Transjordan Jordan Rift Valley Levantine Sea Golan Heights Hula Valley Gaza Strip West Bank Galilee Gilead Judea Samaria Arabah Anti-Lebanon Mountains Sinai Peninsula Arabian Desert Syrian Desert Fertile Crescent Azerbaijan Syria Palestine Iranian Plateau Armenian Highlands Caucasus Caucasus Mountains Greater Caucasus Lesser Caucasus North Caucasus South Caucasus Kur-Araz Lowland Lankaran Lowland Alborz Absheron Peninsula Anatolia Cilicia Cappadocia Alpide belt South Greater India Indian subcontinent Himalayas Hindu Kush Western Ghats Eastern Ghats Ganges Basin Ganges Delta Pashtunistan Punjab Balochistan Kashmir Kashmir Valley Pir Panjal Range Thar Desert Indus Valley Indus River Delta Indus Valley Desert Indo-Gangetic Plain Eastern coastal plains Western Coastal Plains Meghalaya subtropical forests MENASA Lower Gangetic plains moist deciduous forests Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Doab Bagar tract Great Rann of Kutch Little Rann of Kutch Deccan Plateau Coromandel Coast Konkan False Divi Point Hindi Belt Ladakh Aksai Chin Gilgit-Baltistan Baltistan Shigar Valley Karakoram Saltoro Mountains Siachen Glacier Bay of Bengal Gulf of Khambhat Gulf of Kutch Gulf of Mannar Trans-Karakoram Tract Wakhan Corridor Wakhjir Pass Lakshadweep Andaman and Nicobar Islands Andaman Islands Nicobar Islands Maldive Islands Alpide belt Southeast Mainland Indochina Malay Peninsula Maritime Peninsular Malaysia Sunda Islands Greater Sunda Islands Lesser Sunda Islands Indonesian Archipelago Timor New Guinea Bonis Peninsula Papuan Peninsula Huon Peninsula Huon Gulf Bird's Head Peninsula Gazelle Peninsula Philippine Archipelago Luzon Visayas Mindanao Leyte Gulf Gulf of Thailand East Indies Nanyang Alpide belt Asia-Pacific Tropical Asia Ring of Fire v t e Regions of Europe North Nordic Northwestern Scandinavia Scandinavian Peninsula Fennoscandia Baltoscandia Sápmi West Nordic Baltic Baltic Sea Gulf of Bothnia Gulf of Finland Iceland Faroe Islands East Danubian countries Prussia Galicia Volhynia Donbass Sloboda Ukraine Sambia Peninsula Amber Coast Curonian Spit Izyum Trail Lithuania Minor Nemunas Delta Baltic Baltic Sea Vyborg Bay Karelia East Karelia Karelian Isthmus Lokhaniemi Southeastern Balkans Aegean Islands Gulf of Chania North Caucasus Greater Caucasus Kabardia European Russia Southern Russia Central Baltic Baltic Sea Alpine states Alpide belt Mitteleuropa Visegrád Group West Benelux Low Countries Northwest British Isles English Channel Channel Islands Cotentin Peninsula Normandy Brittany Gulf of Lion Iberia Al-Andalus Baetic System Pyrenees Alpide belt South Italian Peninsula Insular Italy Tuscan Archipelago Aegadian Islands Iberia Al-Andalus Baetic System Gibraltar Arc Southeastern Mediterranean Crimea Alpide belt Germanic Celtic Slavic countries Uralic European Plain Eurasian Steppe Pontic–Caspian steppe Wild Fields Pannonian Basin Great Hungarian Plain Little Hungarian Plain Eastern Slovak Lowland v t e Regions of North America Canada Eastern Canada Western Canada Canadian Prairies Central Canada Northern Canada Atlantic Canada The Maritimes French Canada English Canada Acadia Acadian Peninsula Quebec City–Windsor Corridor Peace River Country Cypress Hills Palliser's Triangle Canadian Shield Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Newfoundland (island) Vancouver Island Gulf Islands Strait of Georgia Canadian Arctic Archipelago Labrador Peninsula Gaspé Peninsula Avalon Peninsula Bay de Verde Peninsula Brodeur Peninsula Melville Peninsula Bruce Peninsula Banks Peninsula (Nunavut) Cook Peninsula Gulf of Boothia Georgian Bay Hudson Bay James Bay Greenland United States Pacific Northwest Inland Northwest Northeast New England Mid-Atlantic Commonwealth West Midwest Upper Midwest Mountain States Intermountain West Basin and Range Province Oregon Trail Mormon Corridor Calumet Region Southwest Old Southwest Llano Estacado Central United States Tallgrass prairie South South Central Deep South Upland South Four Corners East Coast West Coast Gulf Coast Third Coast Coastal states Eastern United States Appalachia Trans-Mississippi Great North Woods Great Plains Interior Plains Great Lakes Great Basin Great Basin Desert Acadia Ozarks Ark-La-Tex Waxhaws Siouxland Twin Tiers Driftless Area Palouse Piedmont Atlantic coastal plain Outer Lands Black Dirt Region Blackstone Valley Piney Woods Rocky Mountains Mojave Desert The Dakotas The Carolinas Shawnee Hills San Fernando Valley Tornado Alley North Coast Lost Coast Emerald Triangle San Francisco Bay Area San Francisco Bay North Bay (San Francisco Bay Area) East Bay (San Francisco Bay Area) Silicon Valley Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Gulf of Mexico Lower Colorado River Valley Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta Colville Delta Arkansas Delta Mobile–Tensaw River Delta Mississippi Delta Mississippi River Delta Columbia River Estuary Great Basin High Desert Monterey Peninsula Upper Peninsula of Michigan Lower Peninsula of Michigan Virginia Peninsula Keweenaw Peninsula Middle Peninsula Delmarva Peninsula Alaska Peninsula Kenai Peninsula Niagara Peninsula Beringia Belt regions Bible Belt Black Belt Corn Belt Cotton Belt Frost Belt Rice Belt Rust Belt Sun Belt Snow Belt Mexico Northern Mexico Baja California Peninsula Gulf of California Colorado River Delta Gulf of Mexico Soconusco Tierra Caliente La Mixteca La Huasteca Bajío Valley of Mexico Mezquital Valley Sierra Madre de Oaxaca Yucatán Peninsula Basin and Range Province Central Western Caribbean Zone Isthmus of Panama Gulf of Panama Pearl Islands Azuero Peninsula Mosquito Coast Caribbean West Indies Antilles Greater Antilles Lesser Antilles Leeward Leeward Antilles Windward Lucayan Archipelago Southern Caribbean Aridoamerica Mesoamerica Oasisamerica Northern Middle Anglo Latin French Hispanic American Cordillera Ring of Fire LAC v t e Regions of Oceania Australasia Gulf of Carpentaria New Guinea Bonis Peninsula Papuan Peninsula Huon Peninsula Huon Gulf Bird's Head Peninsula Gazelle Peninsula New Zealand South Island North Island Coromandel Peninsula Zealandia New Caledonia Solomon Islands (archipelago) Vanuatu Kula Gulf Australia Capital Country Eastern Australia Lake Eyre basin Murray–Darling basin Northern Australia Nullarbor Plain Outback Southern Australia Maralinga Sunraysia Great Victoria Desert Gulf of Carpentaria Gulf St Vincent Lefevre Peninsula Fleurieu Peninsula Yorke Peninsula Eyre Peninsula Mornington Peninsula Bellarine Peninsula Mount Henry Peninsula Melanesia Islands Region Bismarck Archipelago Solomon Islands Archipelago Fiji New Caledonia Papua New Guinea Vanuatu Micronesia Caroline Islands Federated States of Micronesia Palau Guam Kiribati Marshall Islands Nauru Northern Mariana Islands Wake Island Polynesia Easter Island Hawaiian Islands Cook Islands French Polynesia Austral Islands Gambier Islands Marquesas Islands Society Islands Tuamotu Kermadec Islands Mangareva Islands Samoa Tokelau Tonga Tuvalu Ring of Fire v t e Regions of South America East Amazon basin Atlantic Forest Caatinga Cerrado North Caribbean South America West Indies Los Llanos The Guianas Amazon basin Amazon rainforest Gulf of Paria Paria Peninsula Paraguaná Peninsula Orinoco Delta South Tierra del Fuego Patagonia Pampas Pantanal Gran Chaco Chiquitano dry forests Valdes Peninsula West Andes Tropical Andes Wet Andes Dry Andes Pariacaca mountain range Altiplano Atacama Desert Latin Hispanic American Cordillera Ring of Fire LAC v t e Polar regions Antarctic Antarctic Peninsula East Antarctica West Antarctica Eklund Islands Ecozone Extreme points Islands Arctic Arctic Alaska British Arctic Territories Canadian Arctic Archipelago Finnmark Greenland Northern Canada Northwest Territories Nunavik Nunavut Russian Arctic Sakha Sápmi Yukon North American Arctic v t e Earth's oceans and seas Arctic Ocean Amundsen Gulf Barents Sea Beaufort Sea Chukchi Sea East Siberian Sea Greenland Sea Gulf of Boothia Kara Sea Laptev Sea Lincoln Sea Prince Gustav Adolf Sea Pechora Sea Queen Victoria Sea Wandel Sea White Sea Atlantic Ocean Adriatic Sea Aegean Sea Alboran Sea Archipelago Sea Argentine Sea Baffin Bay Balearic Sea Baltic Sea Bay of Biscay Bay of Bothnia Bay of Campeche Bay of Fundy Black Sea Bothnian Sea Caribbean Sea Celtic Sea English Channel Foxe Basin Greenland Sea Gulf of Bothnia Gulf of Finland Gulf of Lion Gulf of Guinea Gulf of Maine Gulf of Mexico Gulf of Saint Lawrence Gulf of Sidra Gulf of Venezuela Hudson Bay Ionian Sea Irish Sea Irminger Sea James Bay Labrador Sea Levantine Sea Libyan Sea Ligurian Sea Marmara Sea Mediterranean Sea Myrtoan Sea North Sea Norwegian Sea Sargasso Sea Sea of Åland Sea of Azov Sea of Crete Sea of the Hebrides Thracian Sea Tyrrhenian Sea Wadden Sea Indian Ocean Andaman Sea Arabian Sea Bali Sea Bay of Bengal Flores Sea Great Australian Bight Gulf of Aden Gulf of Aqaba Gulf of Khambhat Gulf of Kutch Gulf of Oman Gulf of Suez Java Sea Laccadive Sea Mozambique Channel Persian Gulf Red Sea Timor Sea Pacific Ocean Arafura Sea Banda Sea Bering Sea Bismarck Sea Bohai Sea Bohol Sea Camotes Sea Celebes Sea Ceram Sea Chilean Sea Coral Sea East China Sea Gulf of Alaska Gulf of Anadyr Gulf of California Gulf of Carpentaria Gulf of Fonseca Gulf of Panama Gulf of Thailand Gulf of Tonkin Halmahera Sea Koro Sea Mar de Grau Molucca Sea Moro Gulf Philippine Sea Salish Sea Savu Sea Sea of Japan Sea of Okhotsk Seto Inland Sea Shantar Sea Sibuyan Sea Solomon Sea South China Sea Sulu Sea Tasman Sea Visayan Sea Yellow Sea Southern Ocean Amundsen Sea Bellingshausen Sea Cooperation Sea Cosmonauts Sea Davis Sea D'Urville Sea King Haakon VII Sea Lazarev Sea Mawson Sea Riiser-Larsen Sea Ross Sea Scotia Sea Somov Sea Weddell Sea Landlocked seas Aral Sea Caspian Sea Dead Sea Salton Sea   Book   Category v t e Regions of the United States Administrative (political) Units U.S. state District of Columbia Insular area Minor Outlying Island Maritime territory Time zones Hawaii–Aleutian Alaska Pacific Mountain Central Eastern Census West Pacific Mountain Midwest E N Central W N Central Northeast New England Middle Atlantic South S Atlantic E S Central W S Central Courts of appeals 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th Physical Physiographic Pacific Mountain Intermontane Plateaus Rocky Mountain Superior Upland Interior Plains Interior Highlands Appalachian Atlantic Plain Coastal Arctic West Great Lakes Gulf East Historical Acquisitions Thirteen Colonies Northwest Territory Southwest Territory Louisiana Purchase Gadsden Purchase Texas annexation Oregon Treaty Mexican Cession Alaska Purchase Newlands Resolution Civil War Union Border states Confederacy Old South Dixie Slave and free states Theaters Pacific Western Trans-Mississippi Lower Seaboard Eastern Divided Pacific Northwest Atlantic Northeast Prairie Pothole Columbia Oregon Other Appalachia Border states Red states and blue states Central Eastern Four Corners Great Plains High Plains Intermountain Interior Northern Northwest South Central Southern Deep New Upland Southeast Southwest List Category v t e United States articles History By event Timeline of U.S. history Pre-Columbian era Colonial era Thirteen Colonies military history Continental Congress American Revolution War American frontier America's Critical Period Drafting and ratification of Constitution Federalist Era War of 1812 Territorial acquisitions Territorial evolution Mexican–American War Civil War Reconstruction Era Indian Wars Gilded Age Progressive Era African-American civil rights movement 1865–1896 / 1896–1954 / 1954–1968 Spanish–American War Imperialism World War I Roaring Twenties Great Depression World War II home front Nazism in the United States American Century Cold War Korean War Space Race Feminist Movement Vietnam War Post-Cold War (1991–2008) War on Terror War in Afghanistan Iraq War Recent events (2008–present) By topic Outline of U.S. history Demographic Discoveries Economic debt ceiling Inventions before 1890 1890–1945 1946–91 after 1991 Military Postal Technological and industrial Geography Territory counties federal district 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United States Reports Intelligence Central Intelligence Agency Defense Intelligence Agency Federal Bureau of Investigation National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency National Reconnaissance Office National Security Agency Office of the Director of National Intelligence Uniformed Armed Forces Army Marine Corps Navy Air Force Coast Guard National Guard NOAA Corps Public Health Service Corps 51st state political status of Puerto Rico District of Columbia statehood movement Elections Electoral College Foreign relations Foreign policy Hawaiian sovereignty movement Ideologies anti-Americanism exceptionalism nationalism Local government Parties Democratic Republican Third parties Red states and blue states Purple America Scandals State government governor state legislature state court Uncle Sam Economy By sector Agriculture Banking Communications Energy Insurance Manufacturing Mining Tourism Trade Transportation Companies by state Currency Exports Federal budget Federal Reserve System Financial position Labor unions Public debt Social welfare programs Taxation Unemployment Wall Street Society Culture Americana Architecture Cinema Cuisine Dance Demography Education Family structure Fashion Flag Folklore Languages American English Indigenous languages ASL Black American Sign Language HSL Plains Sign Talk Arabic Chinese French German Italian Russian Spanish Literature Media Journalism Internet Newspapers Radio Television Music Names People Philosophy Public holidays Religion Sexuality Sports Theater Visual art Social class Affluence American Dream Educational attainment Homelessness Home-ownership Household income Income inequality Middle class Personal income Poverty Professional and working class conflict Standard of living Wealth Issues Ages of consent Capital punishment Crime incarceration Criticism of government Discrimination affirmative action antisemitism intersex rights islamophobia LGBT rights racism same-sex marriage Drug policy Energy policy Environmental movement Gun politics Health care abortion health insurance hunger obesity smoking Human rights Immigration illegal International rankings National security Mass surveillance Terrorism Separation of church and state Outline Index Book Category Portal Authority control GND: 4135535-0 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Western_United_States&oldid=825904256" Categories: Lists of cities in the United StatesWestern United StatesCensus regions of the United StatesRegions of the United StatesHidden categories: Articles needing additional references from August 2015All articles needing additional referencesAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from February 2007Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers


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Wikipedia:Templates For Discussion/Log/2018 February 18America West AirlinesThe American WestWikipedia:Templates For Discussion/Log/2018 February 18Recovered TerritoriesWest (disambiguation)RegionRegional Definitions Vary From Source To Source. This Map Reflects The Western United States As Defined By The Census Bureau. In Turn, This Region Is Sub-divided Into Mountain And Pacific Areas.[1]United States Census BureauUnited StatesAlaskaArizonaCaliforniaColoradoHawaiiIdahoMontanaNevadaNew MexicoOregonUtahWashington (state)WyomingU.S. StateUnited StatesManifest DestinyAppalachian MountainsAmerican FrontierMississippi RiverRocky MountainsGreat BasinWest Coast Of The United StatesBiomeAridSemi-aridPlateauPlainAmerican SouthwestForestMountainSierra Nevada (U.S.)Rocky MountainsBeachShorelineWest Coast Of The United StatesRainforestPacific NorthwestWikipedia:VerifiabilityHelp:Introduction To Referencing With Wiki Markup/1Help:Maintenance Template RemovalEnlargeCowboyCharles Marion RussellEnlargeHighwayFreewayUtahMonument ValleyRainforestPacific NorthwestRocky MountainsSierra Nevada (U.S.)Great PlainsMojave DesertSonoran DesertGreat BasinChihuahuan DesertSubregionMountain StatesMontanaWyomingColoradoNew MexicoIdahoUtahArizonaNevadaPacific StatesWashington (state)OregonCaliforniaAlaskaHawaiiSouthwestern United StatesNorthwestern United StatesTexasOklahomaPacific NorthwestWest Coast Of The United StatesWest TexasChihuahuan DesertClimatologyAustin, TXFort WorthNon-Hispanic WhitesHispanic And Latino AmericansAsian AmericanAfrican AmericanNative Americans In The United StatesAlaska NativesEthnic Groups In The United StatesUnited States Census BureauRegionUnited StatesEnlargeEuropean AmericanHispanic And Latino AmericansAsian AmericansNative Americans In The United StatesUnited StatesLos AngelesEuropean AmericanAfrican AmericansCaliforniaWhite AmericanAfrican AmericansHispanic And Latino AmericansAsian AmericansNative Americans In The United StatesIndian ReservationMountain StatesGreat Basin DesertAfrican AmericansSan DiegoLos AngelesOaklandSacramentoSan FranciscoSeattleTacoma, WashingtonPhoenix, ArizonaLas VegasDenverColorado Springs, ColoradoHuman Sex RatioMaleFemaleUnited StatesConservation (ethic)Federal Government Of The United StatesNational Park ServiceBureau Of Land ManagementUnited States Department Of The InteriorUnited States Forest ServiceUnited States Department Of AgricultureNational ParkFishingCampingHikingBoatingRanchLoggingMiningLos AngelesWest Coast Of The United StatesWest Coast Of The United StatesSan DiegoSan Bernardino, CaliforniaSan Jose, CaliforniaSan FranciscoOakland, CaliforniaBakersfield, CaliforniaSacramento, CaliforniaSeattleTacoma, WashingtonPortland, OregonMountain StatesDenverColorado Springs, ColoradoPhoenix, ArizonaTucson, ArizonaAlbuquerque, New MexicoLas Vegas, NevadaSalt Lake CityBoise, IdahoEl Paso, TexasBillings, MontanaEnlargeUnited States Physiographic RegionGeography Of The United States Rocky Mountain SystemIntermontane PlateausWestern Cordillera (North America)EnlargeEnlargeZion National ParkEnlargeBig SurEnlargeHigh Desert (Oregon)EnlargeMojave DesertEnlargePryor MountainsEnlargeGreat Sand Dunes National ParkEnlargePacific OceanPacific Coast RangesRocky MountainsValleySan Joaquin ValleySacramento ValleyWillamette ValleySierra Nevada (U.S.)Cascade RangeMount WhitneyMount RainierMount St. Helens1980 Eruption Of Mount St. HelensMount MazamaCrater LakeRain ShadowNew MexicoColoradoPacific OceanGulf Of MexicoMississippi RiverMissouri RiverGreat PlainsPastureColorado RiverGrand CanyonHoover DamGulf Of CaliforniaColumbia RiverSnake RiverPlatte RiverRio GrandeUnited States Coast GuardMississippi RiverOhio RiverMissouri RiverIllinois RiverTennessee RiverCumberland RiverArkansas RiverWhite River (Arkansas)Gulf Of MexicoU.S. National Forest ServiceGeneralizationSemiaridWest Coast Of The United StatesDesert SouthwestInland NorthwestContinental ClimateDeath ValleyRocky MountainsTornadoTornado AlleyTexasNorth DakotaGrain BeltThe DakotasSouthwestern United StatesCitrusWikipedia:Citation NeededUnited States Bureau Of ReclamationWorld War IISouthwestern United StatesLas Vegas ValleyPaleozoicMesozoicCenozoicPrecambrianPhanerozoicSalt Pan (geology)EarthquakeVolcanoAmerican FrontierTimeline Of The American Old WestOregon TrailCalifornia Gold RushLatter Day SaintMidwestern United StatesOmaha, NebraskaSt. LouisUnion Pacific RailroadMormon TrailFur TradeOrigins Of The American Civil War (2/4)CowboyHomestead ActManifest DestinyBret HarteZane GreyFrederic RemingtonWestern ArtCinema Of The United StatesWestern MovieCountry And Western MusicU.S. Route 66Cowboy Hall Of FameWestern Heritage CenterDust BowlHollywood, Los AngelesMass MediaMegalopolis (city Type)Greater Los Angeles AreaSouthern CaliforniaSan Francisco Bay AreaNorthern CaliforniaSan Bernardino, CaliforniaRiverside, CaliforniaSan DiegoDenverPhoenix, ArizonaSeattleSalt Lake City Metropolitan AreaLas Vegas Metropolitan AreaPortland Metropolitan AreaRacial SegregationRacial ProfilingPolice BrutalityIllegal ImmigrationWhite FlightBlack Flight1992 Los Angeles Riots1965 Watts RiotsMexican-AmericanChinese-AmericanNorth AmericaLGBTOakland, CaliforniaAfrican-AmericanLong Beach, CaliforniaUtahMormonAlbuquerque, New MexicoBillings, MontanaSpokane, WashingtonTucson, ArizonaIndian ReservationAlaskan NativesNative HawaiiansMexicoHawaiiAsian AmericanCaliforniaGold RushHispanicSpanish LanguageEnlargeHollywoodAmerican Film IndustryNational ParkWildlife RefugeHollywoodFilmAerospaceWorld War IISan Francisco Bay AreaSilicon ValleyBoeingMicrosoftEnlargeNewspaper Rock State Historic MonumentUtahMormonMormon CorridorIdahoUtahArizonaNevadaCasinoLas Vegas ValleyReno, NevadaNative Americans In The United StatesUnited States Census BureauLos AngelesLong Beach, CaliforniaAnaheim, CaliforniaLos Angeles Metropolitan AreaCaliforniaLos Angeles SkylineSan FranciscoOakland, CaliforniaHayward, CaliforniaSan Francisco Bay AreaCaliforniaSan Francisco CityscapePhoenix, ArizonaMesa, ArizonaScottsdale, ArizonaPhoenix Metropolitan AreaArizonaPhoenix CityscapeSan Bernardino, CaliforniaRiverside, CaliforniaOntario, CaliforniaInland Empire (California)CaliforniaSan Bernardino SkylineSeattleTacoma, WashingtonBellevue, WashingtonSeattle Metropolitan AreaWashington (state)Seattle SkylineSan DiegoCarlsbad, CaliforniaSan Diego Metropolitan AreaCaliforniaDowntown San DiegoDenverAurora, ColoradoLakewood, ColoradoDenver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical AreaColoradoDowntown DenverPortland, OregonVancouver, WashingtonHillsboro, OregonPortland Metropolitan AreaOregonWashington (state)Portland, Oregon, From The EastSacramento, CaliforniaRoseville, CaliforniaArden-Arcade, CaliforniaSacramento Metropolitan AreaCaliforniaThe Sacramento RiverfrontLas Vegas, NevadaHenderson, NevadaParadise, NevadaLas Vegas–Paradise, NV MSANevadaThe Las Vegas StripSan Jose, CaliforniaSunnyvale, CaliforniaSanta Clara, CaliforniaSan Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA Metropolitan Statistical AreaCaliforniaDowntown San JoseSalt Lake City, UtahWasatch FrontUtahSalt Lake CityTucson, ArizonaArizonaTucson, ArizonaHonoluluHawaiiDowntown HonoluluFresno, CaliforniaMetropolitan FresnoCaliforniaDowntown FresnoAlbuquerque, New MexicoAlbuquerque Metropolitan AreaNew MexicoDowntown AlbuquerqueBakersfield, CaliforniaDelano, CaliforniaCaliforniaDowntown BakersfieldOxnard, CaliforniaThousand Oaks, CaliforniaVentura, CaliforniaVentura County, CaliforniaCaliforniaAerial View Of VenturaStockton, CaliforniaLodi, CaliforniaCaliforniaThe University Of The Pacific In StocktonColorado Springs, ColoradoColorado Springs Metropolitan Statistical AreaColoradoDowntown Colorado SpringsBoise, IdahoBoise Metropolitan AreaIdahoIdaho State Capitol Building In BoiseOgden, UtahClearfield, UtahOgden-Clearfield Metropolitan AreaUtahDowntown OgdenProvo, UtahOrem, UtahProvo-Orem Metropolitan AreaUtahPanoramic View Of Provo And Utah Valley After Sunset From The Y Mountain TrailheadSpokane, WashingtonSpokane Valley, WashingtonWashington (state)Downtown SpokaneModesto, CaliforniaStanislaus County, CaliforniaCaliforniaThe Modesto ArchSanta Rosa, CaliforniaSonoma County, CaliforniaCaliforniaOld Courthouse Square In Downtown Santa RosaEl Paso, TexasSouthern United StatesTijuanaSan Diego-TijuanaMexicaliYuma, ArizonaEl Centro, CaliforniaMexicoBaja CaliforniaVancouver, British ColumbiaVictoria, British ColumbiaBellingham, WashingtonPort Angeles, WashingtonAlaskaAnchorage, AlaskaEnlargeGonzales V. RaichEnlargeAssisted SuicideEnlargeIncome TaxState Income TaxCoastal CaliforniaLeft CoastFrontierWomen's Suffrage In The United StatesNineteenth Amendment To The United States ConstitutionProperty RightsConservation MovementCalifornia Proposition 13 (1978)Free Speech MovementHerbert HooverRichard NixonRonald ReaganLibertarianismMedicinal MarijuanaAssisted SuicideWest Coast Of The United StatesDemocratic Party (United States)Nancy PelosiRepublican Party (United States)LatinoCalifornia Proposition 187 (1994)Pete WilsonArt Of The West (magazine)Autry Museum Of The American WestCalifornia CuisineFolklore Of The United StatesHigh Country NewsHistory Of The West Coast Of North AmericaHistory Of The Jews In The American WestIntermountain WestSunset (magazine)Professional Sports In The Western United StatesTerritories Of The United States On StampsWestern CanadaWestern White HouseJSTORUnited States Coast GuardUnited States Census BureauUnited States Census BureauFrederick Jackson TurnerRichard White (historian)It's Your Misfortune And None Of My OwnTemplate:Western United StatesTemplate Talk:Western United StatesRocky MountainsGreat BasinWest Coast Of The United StatesPacific NorthwestMountain StatesU.S. StateAlaskaArizonaCaliforniaColoradoHawaiiIdahoMontanaNevadaNew MexicoOregonUtahWashington (state)WyomingMetropolitan AreaLos Angeles Metropolitan AreaPhoenix Metropolitan AreaSan Francisco Bay AreaInland Empire (California)Seattle Metropolitan AreaSan Diego Metropolitan AreaDenver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO Metropolitan Statistical AreaPortland Metropolitan AreaLas Vegas Metropolitan AreaSacramento Metropolitan AreaList Of United States Cities By PopulationAnchorage, AlaskaAlbuquerqueDenverHonoluluLas VegasLos AngelesLong Beach, CaliforniaOakland, CaliforniaPhoenix, ArizonaPortland, OregonReno, NevadaRiverside, CaliforniaSacramento, CaliforniaSan Bernardino, CaliforniaSan DiegoSan FranciscoSan Jose, CaliforniaSalt Lake CitySeattleSpokane, WashingtonTucson, ArizonaCapital CityBoise, IdahoCarson City, NevadaCheyenne, WyomingDenverHelena, MontanaHonoluluJuneau, AlaskaOlympia, WashingtonPhoenix, ArizonaSacramento, CaliforniaSalem, OregonSalt Lake CitySanta Fe, New MexicoTemplate:Regions Of The WorldTemplate Talk:Regions Of The WorldUnited Nations GeoschemeEarthTemplate:Regions Of AfricaTemplate Talk:Regions Of AfricaAfricaCentral AfricaGuinea (region)Gulf Of GuineaCape LopezMayombeIgbolandMbaiseMaputalandPool MaleboCongo BasinChad BasinCongolese RainforestsOuaddaï HighlandsEnnedi PlateauEast AfricaAfrican Great LakesAlbertine RiftEast African RiftGreat Rift ValleyGregory RiftRift Valley LakesSwahili CoastVirunga MountainsZanjHorn Of AfricaAfar TriangleAl-HabashBarbara (region)Danakil AlpsDanakil DesertEthiopian HighlandsGulf Of AdenGulf Of TadjouraIndian Ocean IslandsComoros IslandsNorth AfricaMaghrebBarbary CoastBashmurAncient LibyaAtlas MountainsNile ValleyCataracts Of The NileDarfurGulf Of AqabaLower EgyptLower NubiaMiddle EgyptNile DeltaNuba 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