Contents 1 Early years 2 Developing career 3 The California Style 4 See also 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links


Early years[edit] Wallace Neff was born to Edwin Neff and Nettie McNally, daughter of Chicago printing tycoon Andrew McNally (Rand-McNally Corporation). Since Grandfather McNally had moved to Altadena, California in 1887 and founded Rancho La Mirada, La Mirada, California was Neff's birthplace. However, he spent a great deal of time at the Altadena residence, a grand Queen Anne Victorian mansion which looked from the hillside community down to the Pacific Ocean. It would become little wonder that the young Neff would take up an interest in architecture given his surroundings on Millionaire's Row (Mariposa Avenue). At age nine Wallace had moved to Europe with his family only to return to the U.S. at the outbreak of World War I.


Developing career[edit] His interest in architecture saw him studying under the revered Ralph Adams Cram in Massachusetts. He eventually returned to California and took up residence in Altadena while serving as a shipyard draftsman in Wilmington. Eventually he found himself ready for the architectural realm creating designs of the Spanish Medieval period including his own home Parish of St. Elizabeth of Hungary Roman Catholic Church, established 1918 in Altadena. His gift to the parish as well as the community was the design of the church building finished and dedicated in 1926. The church is of Spanish Medieval design including a bell tower which is patterned after a Spanish watchtower. The view from its broad portals at 100 feet gave an enormous panorama not only of the Southern California countryside, now blocked by the since-built steeple of Westminster Presbyterian Church to its south, but an expansive view of the San Gabriel Mountains to its north, which boast peaks up to 7,000 feet in altitude. The building is reminiscent of the Serra Missions with its arched south porch and terra cotta tiles. It has high stucco-on-concrete walls with small, high stained glass windows. Below each window is a taller stained glass window with biblical depictions leaded into each one. It boasts a Spanish tile roof and a massive plank wood arched front double door. The interior is vaulted to heights in excess of 50 feet. Across its ceiling are three broad rough hewn trusses acting to support the gabled ceiling. In actuality, the building's superstructure is built of iron girders. Other details on the exterior are broad wing sweeping walls and exaggerated window sills with wooded bars. These features become an important part of his developing style. The Saint Elizabeth church building is the only house of worship ever designed by Neff, and has the distinction of being the oldest building in use for Catholic worship in the Southland.[clarification needed] To the parish plant Neff added the priests' rectory, the convent for the Holy Name Sisters who taught at the school, and a pet project, a shrine to Saint Theresa of Avila (1929) which features the true style of his architecture. This makes Saint Elizabeth Parish a rare collection of Wallace Neff works.


The California Style[edit] As Neff's style became more popular and demanded by the elite, the rich, and the famous, he moved to the exclusive Pasadena suburb of San Marino. To his client list he added the Singer Mansion, Gillette Mansion, the Gates Residence, Libby Ranch, and the Pickfair Estate. Other fine mansions line the streets of Chapman Woods, Hancock Park, San Marino, Glendora, Beverly Hills, San Pascual Avenue, California Street and others in lower East Pasadena. In 1946 Neff designed the airform or "bubble" house, a distinctive form of inexpensive housing, a dome-shaped construction made of reinforced concrete that was cast in position over an inflatable balloon (airform). Though the design did not gain support in the United States, it was used for large housing projects in Egypt, Brazil, and West Africa during the 1940s and 1950s.[2] In 2001, Brad Pitt and Jennifer Aniston supposedly paid $13.5 million for a Neff house owned at different times by actor Fredric March[3] and the philanthropist and USC trustee Wallis Annenberg. In 1998, actress Diane Keaton, an avid fan of Neff's work, purchased a low-slung Neff house in Beverly Hills – featured in Architectural Digest, July 1999 – with the front lawn covered in lavender, for $7.5 million. This home was later purchased by Madonna and Guy Ritchie, and was still in their possession as of 2007. In 1990, Bob Newhart purchased a Neff house in Bel Air for $4.2 million, subsequently selling it to Robert Quigg (developer) in 2016 for $14.5 million.[4]Everett Phipps Babcock and Georgious Y. Cannon worked in Neff's office.[5]


See also[edit] Bubble Houses (Litchfield Park, Arizona) Bubble Houses (Hobe Sound, Florida) Monolithic dome Villa del Sol d’Oro in Sierra Madre, California


References[edit] ^ "Wallace Neff, Architect, 87; Pioneer of the California Style" (June 11, 1982). The New York Times, p. D18 ^ Daunt, Tina (May 19, 2004). "It's 'dome sweet dome' for pair in mod house: Architect Wallace Neff designed unit as a model for affordable housing", Los Angeles Times, p. K-1, reprinted by the San Francisco Chronicle ^ Ryon, Ruth (Oct 2, 2005). "A Neff, but enough is enough". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2009-01-09.  ^ "Funnyman Bob Newhart exits Bel-Air with $14.5-million deal, and other top sales". LA Times. May 2016.  ^ Wallace Neff, 1895–1982: the romance of regional architecture Edition illustrated Huntington Library, 1989 Original from the University of Michigan. Digitized November 12, 2007 143 pages


Further reading[edit] Neff, Wallace (January 1, 1964). Architecture of Southern California: A Selection of Photographs, Plans, and Scale Details from the Work of Wallace Neff (First ed.). Rand McNally. ASIN B0007E02AC.  Belloli, Andrea P.A. (August 1989). Wallace Neff, 1895–1982: The Romance of Regional Architecture. Huntington Library Press. ISBN 978-0873281287.  Clark, Alson (October 1, 2000). Wallace Neff: Architect of California's Golden Age (California Architecture & Architects). Hennessey & Ingalls. ISBN 978-0940512245.  Kanner, Diane (November 17, 2005). Wallace Neff and the Grand Houses of the Golden State (First ed.). The Monacelli Press. ISBN 978-1580931632. 


External links[edit] 1926 Wallace Neff Renovation Photos, James V. Coane & Associates Architects Obituary in The New York Times, June 11, 1982 The Movieland Directory: Wallace Neff Movieland Tour Wallace Neff at Find a Grave Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 35594681 LCCN: n86071054 ISNI: 0000 0000 6686 9383 SUDOC: 110326253 ULAN: 500075208 SNAC: w6gt6534 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wallace_Neff&oldid=801149367" Categories: Wallace Neff buildingsBubble houses1895 births1982 deathsAltadena, CaliforniaArchitects from CaliforniaArchitects from Los AngelesArchitects from Pasadena, CaliforniaGothic Revival architectsMediterranean Revival architectsSpanish Colonial Revival architectsHidden categories: Articles with hCardsWikipedia articles needing clarification from February 2013Find a Grave template with ID same as WikidataWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with ULAN identifiersWikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers


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PickfairMediterranean Revival ArchitectureSpanish Colonial Revival ArchitectureAndrew McNallyArchitectSouthern CaliforniaRalph Adams CramSpainMediterranean SeaPickfairMary PickfordDouglas FairbanksChicagoAndrew McNallyRand McNallyAltadena, CaliforniaLa Mirada, CaliforniaAndrew McNally HouseWorld War IMassachusettsWilmington, Los Angeles, CaliforniaSan Gabriel MountainsWikipedia:Please ClarifySaint Theresa Of AvilaConcreteEgyptBrazilWest AfricaBrad PittJennifer AnistonFredric MarchUniversity Of Southern CaliforniaWallis AnnenbergDiane KeatonBeverly HillsArchitectural DigestMadonna (entertainer)Guy RitchieBob NewhartRobert Quigg (developer)Everett Phipps BabcockGeorgious Y. CannonBubble Houses (Litchfield Park, Arizona)Bubble Houses (Hobe Sound, Florida)Monolithic DomeVilla Del Sol D’OroThe New York TimesLos Angeles TimesSan Francisco ChronicleLos Angeles TimesAmazon Standard Identification NumberInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0873281287International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0940512245International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1580931632Find A GraveHelp:Authority ControlVirtual International Authority FileLibrary Of Congress Control NumberInternational Standard Name IdentifierSystème Universitaire De DocumentationUnion List Of Artist NamesSNACHelp:CategoryCategory:Wallace Neff BuildingsCategory:Bubble HousesCategory:1895 BirthsCategory:1982 DeathsCategory:Altadena, CaliforniaCategory:Architects From CaliforniaCategory:Architects From Los AngelesCategory:Architects From Pasadena, CaliforniaCategory:Gothic Revival ArchitectsCategory:Mediterranean Revival ArchitectsCategory:Spanish Colonial Revival ArchitectsCategory:Articles With HCardsCategory:Wikipedia Articles Needing Clarification From February 2013Category:Find A Grave Template With ID Same As WikidataCategory:Wikipedia Articles With VIAF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With LCCN IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With ISNI IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With ULAN IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With SNAC-ID IdentifiersDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer



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