Contents 1 Geography 2 Geology 3 Flora, fauna and climate 4 History 4.1 Glendale & Mount Verdugo Railway 5 Wildfire 6 Protected areas 7 Access and recreational use 8 See also 9 References 10 Further reading 11 Maps 12 External links

Geography[edit] The northwest-trending range is approximately 8 miles (13 km) long by 3.25 miles (5.23 km) wide, and roughly parallels the southern front of the San Gabriel Mountains at a distance of 1 mile (1.6 km) to 2 miles (3.2 km), with the Crescenta Valley lying between the two. The southern front of the range forms part of the northeastern boundary of the San Fernando Valley; at their southeastern end the Verdugo Mountains are separated from the San Rafael Hills by the Verdugo Wash. The highest summit is the informally named Verdugo Peak (3,126 feet), located near the center of the range and rising to approximately 2,200 feet (670 m) above its southern base. Other peaks include Tongva Peak (2,656 feet), recently named in honor of the Tongva (Gabrielino) people, the original inhabitants of much of the Los Angeles Basin, Santa Monica Mountains, and San Gabriel Valley areas. Other informally named peaks are Mount La Tuna on the north end and Mount Thom on the south end of the range. With the exception of Mount La Tuna, all these summits, as well as several others, are occupied by communications towers. The Verdugo Mountains lie within the corporate boundaries of the cities of Glendale, Burbank, and Los Angeles. The neighborhood of La Crescenta, most of which lies within Glendale, is adjacent to its northern end, as are the Los Angeles neighborhoods of Tujunga, Sunland, Shadow Hills, and Sun Valley (the last of which includes La Tuna Canyon).

Geology[edit] The Verdugo Mountains consist of an east-west-trending antiformal fault block, bounded on south by the Verdugo Fault, a north-dipping reverse fault, and on the north by the Sierra Madre thrust fault near the front of the San Gabriel Mountains,[2] thus including the sediment-covered Crescenta Valley within the Verdugo Mountains Block. The Verdugo Fault lies slightly south of the topographic range front and is completely covered by sediments.[2] The rocks within the Verdugo Mountains block are almost entirely igneous and metamorphic rocks similar to the crystalline basement rocks exposed to the north in that portion of the San Gabriel Mountains south of the San Gabriel Fault. These rocks consist of gneiss, and gneissic diorite and quartz diorite, intruded by irregular bodies of equigranular granitic rocks, predominantly quartz diorite and granodiorite, with accompanying pegmatite and aplite.[3] Exposed rocks in the Shadow Hills neighborhood at the extreme northwestern end of the Verdugos are typically marine sedimentary rocks of Miocene age, predominantly sandstone and shale. The Verdugo Mountains are part of the western Transverse Ranges, which have risen in the last 7 million years as the result of contractional deformation resulting from transpressional motion and rotation of crustal blocks in the "Big Bend" region of the San Andreas Fault.[4][5] The amount of crustal shortening since the beginning of the Pliocene has been estimated to be on the order of 7 kilometers (4.3 mi). The Verdugo fault and Sierra Madre thrust are part of a complex system of faults that accommodate some of this shortening and generally become younger to the south, with the Verdugo Fault possibly being the youngest member of this system and forming the current boundary between this portion of the western Transverse Ranges and the Los Angeles basin.[6] Uplift along the Verdugo fault may total approximately 2.5 km (1.6 mi), at a minimum rate of 1.1 km (0.68 mi) per million years since 2.3 million years ago,[7] moving the crystalline rocks of the Verdugo Mountains up and over younger Tertiary and Quaternary sediments to the south. The Verdugo Mountains are, therefore, young and rapidly rising, reflected in their steep topography and rapid rates of erosion.

Flora, fauna and climate[edit] See also: California chaparral and woodlands The Verdugo Mountains lie almost entirely within the chaparral plant community, as defined by Munz[8] and later authors, including Sawyer et al.[9] This dense, shrub-dominated community of the California chaparral and woodlands is more highly developed on the north-facing slopes than on the drier, hotter south-facing slopes. Among the shrub species that characterize this community, prominent in the Verdugos are laurel sumac (Malosma laurina), toyon (Heteromeles arbutifolia), poison oak (Toxicodendron diversilobum), chamise (Adenostoma fasciculatum) and two species of California-lilac (Ceanothus crassifolius and Ceanothus oliganthus). Native trees are restricted to protected canyons and sites along the largely seasonal watercourses. Coast live oak (Quercus agrifolia), California bay laurel (Umbellularia californica), California sycamore (Platanus racemosa), California walnut (Juglans californica), and several species of willow (Salix spp.) are the most common. Non-native trees, particularly pines (Pinus spp.), cypress (Cupressus spp.), locust (Robinia pseudoacacia), and Australian eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp.) have been planted locally along the fire roads and, most notably, in the Fire Warden's Grove, established in the wake of a wildfire in 1927. Except for a tenuous link to the large wild area in the San Gabriel Mountains through Big Tujunga Wash at their northwestern end, the Verdugo Mountains are an urban wildlife island completely surrounded by development. Among the large mammals, coyote (Canis latrans) and mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) are the most common; mountain lions (Puma concolor) and black bears (Ursus americanus) have occasionally been reported.[10] [11] The many rodent species support a population of western rattlesnakes (Crotalus viridis). Of the numerous bird species present, the most characteristic of the chaparral here, and throughout California, is the small, seldom seen but often heard wrentit (Chamaea fasciata).[12] With its call of three or four chirps followed by an accelerating trill, often likened to the sound of a dropped ping-pong ball, the wrentit provides the most characteristic sound of the chaparral. The Verdugo Mountains have warm, dry summers and cool wet winters. Snow infrequently falls along the crest during the coldest winter storms, but melts rapidly. Annual precipitation varies from about 18 inches at the base to about 25 inches at the crest. Most of the rain falls between November and March during periodic frontal passages.

History[edit] The mountains were part of the indigenous Tongva people's homelands for over 7,000 years, with villages at some springs in the canyons.[13] The Verdugo Mountains were named for Jose Maria Verdugo, holder of the Rancho San Rafael land grant, which covered the mountains during California's Spanish and Mexican periods. On October 20, 1784 Pedro Fages, the military governor of Alta California, granted Jose Maria Verdugo permission to use the rancho, known officially by the name San Rafael but informally called "La Zanja" by Verdugo.[14] The rancho's boundaries were primarily defined by the Verdugo Mountains, the Arroyo Seco and the Los Angeles River, with the boundary following north along the east bank of the river and wrapping westerly around Griffith Park to a point near the Travel Town Museum in the park.[14] Glendale & Mount Verdugo Railway[edit] One of the earliest attempts to access and develop the interior of the Verdugo Mountains was the 1912 proposal by Colonel Lewis Ginger to build a cable incline railroad to the summit of Mount Verdugo, now known as Mount Thom. The proposed Glendale & Verdugo Mountain Railway was to run in a straight line from the Pacific Electric’s Casa Verdugo station at the top of Brand Boulevard to the summit of Mount Verdugo, employing cars with stepped seating similar to those of Angels Flight on Bunker Hill in Los Angeles.[15] Initially, Colonel Ginger had proposed that his cable railway would lift a Pacific Electric car directly to the summit, but Henry E. Huntington did not approve of this scheme. The railway was to have four or five stations along the incline and a large visitor’s center at the summit. Several months after the initial proposal, the route was altered to run up the west side of Verdugo Canyon from a hoped-for extension of the Pacific Electric up Verdugo Canyon to Montrose. Interest in the cable railway continued for about a year, but the project was abandoned before a company could be formed, largely as the result of the Pacific Electric’s decision not to build the Montrose extension.

Wildfire[edit] Fire is a natural component of the chaparral ecosystem, and the plants that comprise it are largely adapted to survive fire or to reproduce after it.[16] More specifically, the members of this plant community are adapted to a particular fire regime, which is characterized by intensity and seasonality, but most importantly, by the frequency of fires.[17] In the southern California chaparral, natural frequencies of 30 to 40 years are typical, with some areas going as long as 100 years without fires and others burning more frequently.[18] It has been estimated the chaparral plant community can persist over the long term only with a fire frequency at a given site of no shorter than several decades, or perhaps longer, although there is variability in the tolerance of different species. Repeated shorter intervals between fires promote so-called "type conversion," in which the shrubby species are replaced by grasses, particularly non-native grasses, and other weedy species. The Verdugo Mountains have been subject to repeated wildfires in historical times. Major occurrences in the twentieth century include the December, 1927 Burbank Canyon Fire, which started in Haines Canyon in the San Gabriel Mountains and burned south into the range, consuming approximately 100 homes in Burbank's Sunset Canyon.[19] The La Tuna Canyon Fire of November, 1955 burned over almost the entire western portion of the range, ultimately destroying approximately 4,500 acres (1,800 ha).[20] The Whiting Woods Fire of March, 1964, started by a power line downed by high winds, burned from the northern edge of the range southward over to crest to consume homes in Glendale. A fire in November, 1980, also called the La Tuna Canyon Fire, burned 10,000 acres (4,000 ha) in the northern and western portions of the range.[21] Since 2000, three major fires have occurred in the Verdugo Mountains. In September, 2002, the Mountain Fire burned over two days approximately 750 acres (300 ha) above Glendale, largely on the southern side of the range.[22] The Harvard Fire started on September 29, 2005, and consumed 1,024 acres (414 ha) both north and south sides of the range north of Burbank during a six-day period.[23] In September, 2017, the La Tuna fire started north of the Verdugos, jumping Interstate 210 forcing the closure of it, burning both the north and south face of the ranges. The fire ultimately destroyed four homes and 7,003 acres (2,834 ha) of land.[24] Beginning in 1921, the Los Angeles County Fire Department began a county-wide program of building fire breaks (or more properly, fuel breaks) to slow the spread of fire, and by 1923 the initial breaks had been constructed in the Verdugos. In 1934, the City of Glendale built a 60-foot lookout tower on Verdugo Peak, which was staffed with an observer until it closed in the mid-1950s. In order to conduct the work necessary to build fire breaks and roads, temporary construction camps were located throughout the fire-prone areas of the county. In the Verdugo Mountains, Construction Camp #2 was located in the lower reaches of Deer Canyon, at the end of present-day Beaudry Blvd, for a period during the late 1930s and early 1940s.[21] It is difficult to determine from published sources the dates of construction for the fire roads so important to present-day recreational use of the mountains. The report of the 1955 La Tuna Canyon fire,[20] however, indicates that at least some of these roads were in place by that date.

Protected areas[edit] Verdugo Mountains State Park, California Department of Parks and Recreation Verdugo Mountains Open Space Preserve, jointly operated by the Santa Monica Mountains Conservancy and the City of Glendale Brand Park, Glendale Stough Canyon Nature Center, Burbank Wildwood Canyon Park, Burbank La Tuna Canyon Park, Los Angeles Tujunga Ponds, Los Angeles The Verdugo Mountains are being considered as part of the proposed Rim of the Valley Corridor National Park.[25][26]

Access and recreational use[edit] Other than the Foothill Freeway (I-210) and the nearly parallel La Tuna Canyon Road, both of which traverse only the northwestern tip of the range, the Verdugo Mountains are crossed by no paved roads. By contrast, the range contains more than 25 miles (40 km) of graded and well maintained fire roads that are used extensively by hikers and mountain bike riders. Several abandoned and overgrown fire roads and ridge-top fire breaks are used recreationally as well. Trails, in the sense of engineered and maintained foot paths, are few, the most notable being the 2.2 mile (3.5 km)-long La Tuna Canyon Trail, which was constructed in 1989 by the Los Angeles Conservation Corps with funds provided by the Santa Monica Mountains Conservancy.[27]

See also[edit] La Tuna Fire

References[edit] ^ "Verdugo Mountains". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-05-04.  ^ a b Arkle, Jeanette, C, and Armstrong, Phillip A. (2007). "Quaternary exhumation of the Verdugo Mountains, Los Angeles Basin, constrained by low-temperature thermochronometry." Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, vol. 39, no. 6, p. 83. ^ Weber, F. Harold, Jr., and others (1980). Earthquake Hazards Associated with the Verdugo-Eagle Rock and Benedict Canyon Fault Zones, Los Angeles County California. Calif. Div. Mines and Geology Open File Report 80-10 ^ Luyendyk, B. P. (1991). "A model for Neogene crustal rotations, transtension, and transpression in southern California". Geological Society of America Bulletin, vol. 103, pp.1528-1536. ^ Schneider; C. L., Hummon, C.; Yeats, R. S.; and Huftile, G.J. (1996). "Structural evolution of the northern Los Angeles basin, California, based on growth strata." Tectonics, vol. 15, pp. 341-355. ^ Arkle, Jeanette C.; and Armstrong, Phillip A. (2009). "Exhumation of the Verdugo Mountains, Southern California; constraints from low-temperature thermochronology and geomorphic analysis." Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, vol. 41, no. 67 p. 300. ^ Meigs, Andrew; Yule, Doug; Blythe, Ann; and Burbank, Doug (2003). "Implications of disturbed crustal deformation for exhumation in a portion of a transpressional plate boundary, Western Transverse Ranges, Southern California." Quaternary International, vol. 101-102, pp.169-177. ^ Munz,Phillip A., in collaboration with David D. Keck (1968). A California Flora and Supplement. Berkeley: University of California Press. ^ Sawyer, J., and Keeler-Wolf, T. (1995). A Manual of California Vegetation. Sacramento: California Native Plant Society. ^ Groves, Martha (May 29, 2015). "Meet the Verdugo Mountains' very own mountain lion: P-41". Los Angeles Times.  ^ Tchekmedyian, Alene (July 8, 2016). "Bear spotted at Burbank golf course". Burbank Leader.  ^ Quinn, Ronald D., and Keeley, Sterling C. (2006) Introduction to California Chaparral. Berkeley: University of California Press. ^ Gumprecht, Blake. The Los Angeles River: Its Life, Death, and Possible Rebirth, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999, ISBN 0-8018-6642-1, page 31 ^ a b Kielbasa, John R. (1998). Historic Adobes of Los Angeles County. Pittsburg: Dorrance Publishing Co. ISBN 0-8059-4172-X. . ^ Duke, Donald (1998). Incline Railways of Los Angeles and Southern California. San Marino CA: Golden West Books. ^ Barbour, Michael, Keeler-Wolf, Todd, and Schoenherr, Allan A. (2007). Terrestrial Vegetation of California, 3rd ed. Berkeley: University of California Press. ^ Quinn, Ronald D., and Keeley, Sterling G. (2006). Introduction to California Chaparral. Berkeley: University of California Press. ^ Carle, David (2008). Introduction to Fire in California. Berkeley: University of California Press. ^ "The 1927 Burbank Canyon Fire". Burank Fire Department website (former posting). Retrieved 12 February 2011.  ^ a b "The 1955 La Tuna Canyon Fire". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved 12 February 2011.  ^ a b Boucher, David, 1991. Ride the Devil Wind: a History of the Los Angeles County Forester & Fire Warden Department and Fire Protection Districts. Bellflower, CA: Fire Publications, Inc. ^ "Mountain Fire Damage Assessment and Rehabilitation" (PDF). Glendale Fire and Rescue News. October 2002. Retrieved 12 February 2011.  ^ "Southern California Wildfires 2005". the Home of the Wildland Firefighter. Retrieved 12 February 2011.  ^ Alpert Reyes,, Emily; Curwen ,, Thomas; Tchekmedyian Reyes,, Alene (September 3, 2017). "210 Freeway reopened, all evacuation orders lifted as firefighters gain upper hand on Verdugo Mountains fire". KTLA. Retrieved September 3, 2017.  ^ "Rim of the Valley Corridor Special Resource Study". National Park Service. Retrieved 2014-12-30.  ^ Kamal, Sameea (March 4, 2015). "Three lawmakers urge Park Service action on Rim of the Valley study". Los Angeles Times.  ^ McKinney, John (1994). Walking Los Angeles New York: HarperCollinsWest.

Further reading[edit] Tectonics of the San Gabriel Basin and surroundings, southern California. Robert S. Yeats. Corvallis, Oregon: Oregon State University, Department of Geosciences, 2004. Los Angeles River: Its Life, Death, and Possible Rebirth. Blake Gumprecht. Baltimore & London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999. ISBN 0-8018-6642-1. Afoot & Afield in Los Angeles County, 2nd edition, Area B-5. Jerry Schad. Berkeley, California: Wilderness Press, 2000. ISBN 0-89997-267-5. Tectonics of the San Gabriel Basin and surroundings, southern California. Robert S. Yeats. Corvallis, Oregon: Oregon State University, Department of Geosciences, 2004. Paleoseismology, active tectonics, and seismic hazards of the Verdugo fault zone, Los Angeles County, California. James F. Dolan. The University, 1997. Segmentation, slip rates and earthquake dimensions in the active fold-thrust belt of northern Los Angeles Basin, California. Robert S. Yeats. Dept. of Geosciences, Oregon State University, 1996. Geology of Earthquakes. Robert S. Yeats, Kerry E. Sieh, and Clarence R. Allen. Oxford University Press, 1997. ISBN 0-19-507827-6. Living with Earthquakes in California: A Survivor's Guide. Robert S. Yeats. Oregon State University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-87071-493-7. The geology of a portion of the western Verdugo mountains. Robert L. Johnston, 1938. Geology Underfoot in Southern California. Allen Glazner. Mountain Press, 1993. ISBN 0-87842-289-7. Assembling California. John McPhee. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1993. ISBN 0-374-10645-2. Cycles of Rock and Water: At the Pacific Edge. Kenneth A. Brown. HarperCollins, 1993. ISBN 0-06-016056-X. Birds of Los Angeles: Including Santa Barbara, Ventura and Orange Counties. Chris C. Fisher and Herbert Clarke. Lone Pine Publications, 1997. ISBN 1-55105-104-4. A Flora of Southern California. Philip A. Munz. University of California Press, 1974. Native Trees of Southern California. Victor P. Peterson. University of California Press, 1970. Illustrated Guide to the Oaks of the Southern Californian Floristic Province: The Oaks of Coastal Southern California and Northwestern Baja California. Fred M. Roberts, Jr. F. M. Roberts Publishing, 1995. ISBN 0-9643847-0-1. Plant Life in the World's Mediterranean Climates: California, Chile, South Africa, Australia and the Mediterranean Basin. Peter R. Dallman. University of California, 1998. ISBN 0-520-20808-0. Island Called California: An Ecological Introduction to Its Natural Communities. Elna Bakker. Second Edition. University of California Press, 1984. ISBN 0-520-04947-0. Natural History of Vacant Lots (California Natural History Guides). Matthew F. Vessel and Herbert H. Wong. University of California Press, 1987. ISBN 0-520-05250-1. Growing California Native Plants. Marjorie D. Schmidt. University of California Press, 1981. ISBN 0-520-03762-6. Introduction to California Beetles. Arthur V. Evans and James N. Hogue. University of California Press, 2004. ISBN 0-520-24035-9. Geography and evolution in the pocket gophers of California. Joseph Grinnell. USGPO, 1927. Evolutionary Dynamics of the Pocket Gopher Thomomys Bottae, With Emphasis on California Populations. James L. Patton and Margaret F. Smith. University of California Press, 1990. ISBN 0-520-09761-0. The Verdugos of Hispanic California. Marie E. Northrop. 1978.

Maps[edit] Angeles Front Country Trail Map. San Rafael, California: Tom Harrison Maps, 2001. ISBN 1-877689-65-3. Verdugo Mountains trail map. Matt Maxon, 2005[permanent dead link] Burbank, California, 7.5 minute topographic quadrangle map. United States Geological Survey. Pasadena, California, 7.5 minute topographic quadrangle map. United States Geological Survey. Mount La Tuna - 34°13′24″N 118°20′15″W / 34.22327°N 118.33763°W / 34.22327; -118.33763 Verdugo Peak - 34°12′55″N 118°16′48″W / 34.21518°N 118.28001°W / 34.21518; -118.28001 Tongva Peak - 34°11′50″N 118°15′30″W / 34.19722°N 118.25833°W / 34.19722; -118.25833 Mount Thom - 34°11′14″N 118°15′21″W / 34.18717°N 118.25596°W / 34.18717; -118.25596

External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Verdugo Mountains. Outdoor LA Hiking Trails - Hiking trails in the area with maps and directions to the trailheads. Verdugo Mountains Park Property - California State Parks page for the Verdugo Mountains Park Property Rim of the Valley Corridor Special Resource Study - National Park Service page about the Rim of the Valley Corridor LA Trails - Verdugo Mountains - a listing of most of the hiking trails in the Verdugo Mountains. Verdugo Hills Community Hike - an annual community hike and trail run in the Verdugos involving the Glendale, Burkbank, and Crescenta Valley communities Parks in the Verdugo & San Rafael Mountains Region - Santa Monica Mountains Conservancy page, with an interagency list of parks and other protected areas in the Verdugo Mountains/San Rafael Hills area Places adjacent to Verdugo Mountains Sun Valley in the San Fernando Valley Crescenta Valley - I-210 Crescenta Valley - I-210 Burbank in the San Fernando Valley - I-5 Verdugo Mountains San Gabriel Valley -Arroyo Seco - Pasadena San Fernando Valley - Griffith Park Glendale - Ventura Freeway Eagle Rock v t e Greater Los Angeles Area Central city Los Angeles Counties Los Angeles Orange Riverside San Bernardino Ventura Satellite cities Long Beach Riverside San Bernardino Cities >200k Anaheim Fontana Glendale Huntington Beach Irvine Long Beach Moreno Valley Oxnard Riverside San Bernardino Santa Ana Cities and towns 100k−200k Burbank Corona Costa Mesa Downey East Los Angeles El Monte Fullerton Garden Grove Inglewood Lancaster Murrieta Norwalk Ontario Orange Palmdale Pasadena Pomona Rancho Cucamonga Rialto Santa Clarita Simi Valley Temecula Thousand Oaks Torrance Ventura Victorville West Covina Area regions Los Angeles metropolitan area Antelope Valley Central Los Angeles Coachella Valley Colorado Desert Conejo Valley Downtown Los Angeles East Los Angeles Gateway Cities Greater Hollywood Harbor Area Inland Empire Mojave Desert Northwest Los Angeles Palos Verdes Peninsula Pomona Valley San Bernardino Valley San Fernando Valley San Gabriel Valley Santa Ana Valley Santa Clarita Valley Simi Valley South Bay South Los Angeles Victor Valley Westside Los Angeles Landforms Los Angeles Basin Baldwin Hills (range) Catalina Island Channel Islands Chino Hills Hollywood Hills Oxnard Plain Palos Verdes Hills Puente Hills San Fernando Valley San Gabriel Mountains San Gabriel Valley San Jacinto Mountains Santa Ana Mountains Santa Monica Mountains Santa Susana Mountains Sierra Pelona Mountains Simi Hills Verdugo Mountains Bodies of water Los Angeles River Aliso Creek Arroyo Calabasas Arroyo Seco Ballona Creek Bell Creek Big Bear Lake Coyote Creek Lake Arrowhead Lake Gregory Lake Perris Lake Piru Los Angeles Aqueduct Malibu Creek Mojave River Pacific Ocean Pyramid Lake Rio Hondo San Gabriel River San Juan Creek San Pedro Bay Santa Ana River Santa Clara River Santa Margarita River Santa Monica Bay Tujunga Wash v t e Protected areas of California National Park System National Parks Channel Islands Death Valley Joshua Tree Kings Canyon Lassen Volcanic Pinnacles Redwood Sequoia Yosemite National Preserves Mojave National Monuments Cabrillo Castle Mountains Cesar E. 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Landing Eden Landing Elkhorn Slough Estelle Mountain Fall River Mills Fish Slough Fremont Valley Goleta Slough Indian Joe Spring Kaweah Kerman King Clone Laguna Laurel Loch Lomond Vernal Pool Lokern Magnesia Spring Marin Islands Mattole River McGinty Mountain Morro Dunes Morro Rock Napa River North Table Mountain Oasis Spring Panoche Hills Peytonia Slough Pine Hill Piute Creek Pleasant Valley Rancho Jamul Redwood Shores River Springs Lakes Saline Valley San Dieguito Lagoon San Elijo Lagoon San Felipe Creek San Joaquin River Santa Rosa Plateau Springville Stone Corral Sycamore Canyon Sycuan Peak Thomes Creek Tomales Bay Upper Newport Bay Watsonville Slough West Mojave Desert Woodbridge Yaudanchi Marine Protected Areas Abalone Cove Albany Mudflats Anacapa Anacapa Año Nuevo Asilomar Atascadero Beach Bair Island Batiquitos Lagoon Big Creek Big Creek Big Sycamore Canyon Bodega Bolsa Chica Cambria Cardiff and San Elijo Carmel Bay Carmel Pinnacles Carrington Point Catalina Marine Science Center Corte Madera Marsh Crystal Cove Dana Point Del Mar Landing Doheny Doheny Duxbury Reef Edward F. Ricketts Elkhorn Slough Elkhorn Slough Encinitas Estero de Limantour Fagan Marsh Farallon Islands Farnsworth Bank Fort Ross Gerstle Cove Goleta Slough Greyhound Rock Gull Island Harris Point Heisler Park Hopkins Irvine Coast James V. Fitzgerald Judith Rock Julia Pfeiffer Burns La Jolla Laguna Beach Lovers Cove (Catalina Island) Lovers Point MacKerricher Manchester and Arena Rock Marin Islands Mia J. Tegner Moro Cojo Slough Morro Bay Morro Bay Morro Beach Natural Bridges Niguel Pacific Grove Marine Gardens Painted Cave Peytonia Slough Piedras Blancas Piedras Blancas Pismo Pismo-Oceano Beach Point Buchon Point Buchon Point Cabrillo Point Fermin Point Lobos Point Reyes Headlands Point Sur Point Sur Portuguese Ledge Punta Gorda Redwood Shores Refugio Richardson Rock Robert E. Badham Robert W. Crown Russian Gulch Russian River Salt Point San Diego-Scripps San Dieguito Lagoon San Elijo Lagoon Santa Barbara Island Scorpion Skunk Point Sonoma Coast Soquel Canyon South Laguna Beach South Point Swami’s Tomales Bay Upper Newport Bay Van Damme Vandenberg White Rock (Cambria) Bureau of Land Management National Landscape Conservation System National Monuments Berryessa Snow Mountain California Coastal Carrizo Plain Cascade-Siskiyou Fort Ord Mojave Trails Sand to Snow Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains National Conservation Areas California Desert King Range Wilderness Areas Argus Range Big Maria Mountains Bigelow Cholla Garden Bighorn Mountain Black Mountain Bright Star Bristol Mountains Cadiz Dunes Carrizo Gorge Chemehuevi Mountains Chimney Peak Chuckwalla Mountains Chumash Cleghorn Lakes Clipper Mountain Coso Range Coyote Mountains Darwin Falls Dead Mountains Dick Smith El Paso Mountains Fish Creek Mountains Funeral Mountains Golden Valley Grass Valley Headwaters Forest Reserve Hollow Hills Ibex Indian Pass Inyo Mountains Jacumba Kelso Dunes Kiavah Kingston Range Little Chuckwalla Mountains Little Picacho Machesna Mountain Matilija Malpais Mesa Manly Peak Mecca Hills Mesquite Newberry Mountains Nopah Range North Algodones Dunes North Mesquite Mountains Old Woman Mountains Orocopia Mountains Otay Mountain Owens Peak Pahrump Valley Palen/McCoy Palo Verde Mountains Picacho Peak Piper Mountain Piute Mountains Red Buttes Resting Spring Range Rice Valley Riverside Mountains Rodman Mountains Sacatar Trail Saddle Peak Hills San Gorgonio Santa Lucia Santa Rosa Sawtooth Mountains Sespe Sheephole Valley South Nopah Range Stateline Stepladder Mountains Surprise Canyon Sylvania Mountains Trilobite Turtle Mountains Whipple Mountains National Marine Sanctuaries Channel Islands Cordell Bank Greater Farallones Monterey Bay National Estuarine Research Reserves Elkhorn Slough San Francisco Bay Tijuana River Estuary University of California Natural Reserve System Angelo Coast Range Reserve Año Nuevo Island Blue Oak Ranch Reserve Bodega Marine Box Springs Boyd Deep Canyon Desert Research Center Burns Piñon Ridge Carpinteria Salt Marsh Chickering American River Coal Oil Point Dawson Los Monos Canyon Eagle Lake Field Station Elliott Chaparral Emerson Oaks Fort Ord Hastings James San Jacinto Mountains Jenny Pygmy Forest Jepson Prairie Kendall-Frost Mission Bay Marsh Kenneth S. Norris Rancho Marino Landels-Hill Big Creek McLaughlin Motte Rimrock Quail Ridge Sagehen Creek Field Station San Joaquin Freshwater Marsh Santa Cruz Island Scripps Coastal Sedgwick Stebbins Cold Canyon Steele Burnand Anza-Borrego Stunt Ranch Santa Monica Mountains Sweeney Granite Mountains Desert Research Center Valentine Eastern Sierra Younger Lagoon Heritage registers National Natural Landmarks Retrieved from "" Categories: Verdugo MountainsTransverse RangesMountain ranges of Los Angeles County, CaliforniaGeography of Los AngelesGeography of the San Fernando ValleyBurbank, CaliforniaGlendale, CaliforniaSun Valley, Los AngelesMountain ranges of Southern CaliforniaHidden categories: Coordinates on WikidataAll articles with dead external linksArticles with dead external links from July 2016Articles with permanently dead external links

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Verdugo_Mountains - Photos and All Basic Informations

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SummitVerdugo Mountains Is Located In CaliforniaCaliforniaLos Angeles County, CaliforniaGeographic Coordinate SystemGeographic Coordinate SystemMountain RangeTransverse RangesTopographic MapUSGSMountain RangeTransverse RangesSan Gabriel MountainsLos Angeles County, CaliforniaCaliforniaSanta Susana MountainsSan Gabriel MountainsCrescenta ValleySan Fernando ValleySan Rafael HillsVerdugo WashFoot (length)Foot (length)Tongva PeopleLos Angeles BasinSanta Monica MountainsSan Gabriel ValleyGlendale, CaliforniaBurbank, CaliforniaLos AngelesLa Crescenta-Montrose, CaliforniaSunland-Tujunga, Los AngelesShadow Hills, Los AngelesSun Valley, Los AngelesFault BlockReverse FaultThrust FaultGneissDioriteQuartz DioriteGranodioritePegmatiteApliteShadow Hills, Los Angeles, CaliforniaSedimentaryMioceneSandstoneShaleTransverse RangesSan Andreas FaultPlioceneTertiaryQuaternaryCalifornia Chaparral And WoodlandsChaparralCalifornia Chaparral And WoodlandsMalosma LaurinaHeteromeles ArbutifoliaToxicodendron DiversilobumAdenostoma FasciculatumCeanothus CrassifoliusCeanothus OliganthusQuercus AgrifoliaPlatanus RacemosaJuglans CalifornicaSalixPinusCupressusRobinia PseudoacaciaEucalyptusWildfireSan Gabriel MountainsCanis LatransOdocoileus HemionusPuma ConcolorUrsus AmericanusCrotalus ViridisChamaea FasciataTongva PeopleSpring (hydrosphere)Rancho San RafaelLand GrantHistory Of California To 1899Pedro FagesAlta CaliforniaJose Maria VerdugoArroyo Seco (Los Angeles County)Los Angeles RiverGriffith ParkTravel Town MuseumPacific Electric RailwayAngels FlightBunker Hill, Los Angeles, CaliforniaHenry E. HuntingtonFire RegimeLa Tuna FireInterstate 210 And State Route 210 (California)Los Angeles County Fire DepartmentFuel BreaksCalifornia Department Of Parks And RecreationSanta Monica Mountains ConservancyU.S. National ParkFoothill FreewayMountain BikeLa Tuna FireGeographic Names Information SystemUnited States Geological SurveyLos Angeles TimesBurbank LeaderInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-8018-6642-1Pittsburgh, PennsylvaniaDorrance Publishing Co.International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-8059-4172-XMichael BarbourTodd Keeler-WolfTerrestrial Vegetation Of CaliforniaKTLACorvallis, OregonOregon State UniversityBaltimore, MarylandLondonJohns Hopkins UniversityInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-8018-6642-1Berkeley, CaliforniaInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-89997-267-5Corvallis, OregonOregon State UniversityKerry SiehClarence Allen (geologist)International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-19-507827-6International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-87071-493-7International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-87842-289-7International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-374-10645-2International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-06-016056-XInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1-55105-104-4International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-9643847-0-1International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-520-20808-0International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-520-04947-0International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-520-05250-1International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-520-03762-6International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-520-24035-9International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-520-09761-0San Rafael, CaliforniaInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1-877689-65-3Wikipedia:Link RotUnited States Geological SurveyUnited States Geological SurveySun Valley, Los AngelesSan Fernando ValleyCrescenta ValleyInterstate 210 And State Route 210 (California)Crescenta ValleyInterstate 210 And State Route 210 (California)Burbank, CaliforniaSan Fernando ValleyInterstate 5San Gabriel ValleyArroyo Seco (Los Angeles County)Pasadena, CaliforniaSan Fernando ValleyGriffith ParkGlendale, CaliforniaVentura FreewayEagle Rock, Los AngelesTemplate:Greater Los Angeles AreaTemplate Talk:Greater Los Angeles AreaGreater Los Angeles AreaLos AngelesLos Angeles County, CaliforniaOrange County, CaliforniaRiverside County, CaliforniaSan Bernardino County, CaliforniaVentura County, CaliforniaSatellite TownLong Beach, CaliforniaRiverside, CaliforniaSan Bernardino, CaliforniaAnaheim, CaliforniaFontana, CaliforniaGlendale, CaliforniaHuntington Beach, CaliforniaIrvine, CaliforniaLong Beach, CaliforniaMoreno Valley, CaliforniaOxnard, CaliforniaRiverside, CaliforniaSan Bernardino, CaliforniaSanta Ana, CaliforniaBurbank, CaliforniaCorona, CaliforniaCosta Mesa, CaliforniaDowney, CaliforniaEast Los Angeles, CaliforniaEl Monte, CaliforniaFullerton, CaliforniaGarden Grove, CaliforniaInglewood, CaliforniaLancaster, CaliforniaMurrieta, CaliforniaNorwalk, CaliforniaOntario, CaliforniaOrange, CaliforniaPalmdale, CaliforniaPasadena, CaliforniaPomona, CaliforniaRancho Cucamonga, CaliforniaRialto, CaliforniaSanta Clarita, CaliforniaSimi Valley, CaliforniaTemecula, CaliforniaThousand Oaks, CaliforniaTorrance, CaliforniaVentura, CaliforniaVictorville, CaliforniaWest Covina, CaliforniaLos Angeles Metropolitan AreaAntelope ValleyCentral Los AngelesCoachella ValleyColorado DesertConejo ValleyDowntown Los AngelesEast Los Angeles (region)Gateway CitiesGreater Hollywood, Los AngelesHarbor AreaInland EmpireMojave DesertNorthwest Los AngelesPalos Verdes PeninsulaPomona ValleySan Bernardino ValleySan Fernando ValleySan Gabriel ValleySanta Ana ValleySanta Clarita ValleySimi Valley, CaliforniaSouth Bay, Los AngelesSouth Los AngelesVictor ValleyWestside (Los Angeles County)Los Angeles BasinBaldwin Hills (mountain Range)Santa Catalina Island (California)Channel Islands Of CaliforniaChino HillsHollywood HillsOxnard PlainPalos Verdes HillsPuente HillsSan Fernando ValleySan Gabriel MountainsSan Gabriel ValleySan Jacinto MountainsSanta Ana MountainsSanta Monica MountainsSanta Susana MountainsSierra Pelona MountainsSimi HillsLos Angeles RiverAliso Creek (Orange County)Arroyo CalabasasArroyo Seco (Los Angeles County)Ballona CreekBell Creek (Southern California)Big Bear LakeCoyote Creek (San Gabriel River)Lake Arrowhead ReservoirLake Gregory (California)Lake PerrisLake PiruLos Angeles AqueductMalibu CreekMojave RiverPacific OceanPyramid Lake (Los Angeles County, California)Rio Hondo (California)San Gabriel River (California)San Juan CreekSan Pedro Bay (California)Santa Ana RiverSanta Clara River (California)Santa Margarita RiverSanta Monica BayTujunga WashTemplate:Protected Areas Of CaliforniaTemplate Talk:Protected Areas Of CaliforniaProtected Areas Of The United StatesCaliforniaNational Park ServiceChannel Islands National ParkDeath Valley National ParkJoshua Tree National ParkKings Canyon National ParkLassen Volcanic National ParkPinnacles National ParkRedwood National And State ParksSequoia National ParkYosemite National ParkMojave National PreserveCabrillo National MonumentCastle Mountains National MonumentCesar E. Chavez National MonumentDevils Postpile National MonumentLava Beds National MonumentMuir Woods National MonumentWorld War II Valor In The Pacific National MonumentPoint Reyes National SeashoreRosie The Riveter/World War II Home Front National Historical ParkSan Francisco Maritime National Historical ParkEugene O'Neill National Historic SiteFort Point, San FranciscoJohn Muir National Historic SiteManzanarPort Chicago Naval Magazine National MemorialGolden Gate National Recreation AreaSanta Monica Mountains National Recreation AreaWhiskeytown–Shasta–Trinity National Recreation AreaList Of California State ParksAhjumawi Lava Springs State ParkAndrew Molera State ParkAngel Island (California)Annadel State ParkAño Nuevo State ParkAnza-Borrego Desert State ParkArthur B. Ripley Desert Woodland State ParkBidwell–Sacramento River State ParkBig Basin Redwoods State ParkBorder Field State ParkBothe-Napa Valley State ParkBurton Creek State ParkButano State ParkCalaveras Big Trees State ParkCastle CragsCastle Rock State Park (California)Caswell Memorial State ParkChina Camp State ParkChino Hills State ParkClear Lake State Park (California)Crystal Cove State ParkCuyamaca Rancho State ParkD. L. Bliss State ParkDel Norte Coast Redwoods State ParkDonner Memorial State ParkEd Z'berg Sugar Pine Point State ParkEmerald Bay State ParkThe Forest Of Nisene Marks State ParkFort Ord Dunes State ParkFremont Peak State ParkGarrapata State ParkGaviota State ParkGreat Valley Grasslands State ParkGrizzly Creek Redwoods State ParkGrover Hot Springs State ParkHearst San Simeon State ParkHendy Woods State ParkHenry Cowell Redwoods State ParkHenry W. Coe State ParkHumboldt Lagoons State ParkHumboldt Redwoods State ParkJedediah Smith Redwoods State ParkJulia Pfeiffer Burns State ParkLeo Carrillo State ParkLimekiln State ParkMacKerricher State ParkMalibu Creek State ParkManchester State Park (California)McArthur–Burney Falls Memorial State ParkMcLaughlin Eastshore State ParkMendocino Headlands State ParkMendocino Woodlands State ParkMontaña De Oro State ParkMorro Bay State ParkMount DiabloMount San Jacinto State ParkMount Tamalpais State ParkNavarro River Redwoods State ParkPacheco State ParkPalomar MountainPatrick's Point State ParkPfeiffer Big Sur State ParkPlacerita Canyon State ParkPlumas-Eureka State ParkPoint Mugu State ParkPortola Redwoods State ParkPrairie Creek Redwoods State ParkRed Rock Canyon State Park (California)Richardson Grove State ParkRio De Los Angeles State ParkRobert Louis Stevenson State ParkRussian Gulch State ParkSaddleback Butte State ParkSalt Point State ParkSamuel P. Taylor State ParkSan Bruno Mountain State ParkSinkyone Wilderness State ParkSouth Yuba River State ParkSugarloaf Ridge State ParkSutter Buttes State ParkTolowa Dunes State ParkTomales Bay State ParkTopanga State ParkVan Damme State ParkWilder Ranch State ParkAntelope Valley California Poppy ReserveArmstrong Redwoods State Natural ReserveAzalea State Natural ReserveJohn Little State Natural ReserveJug Handle State Natural ReserveLos Osos Oaks State Natural ReserveMono Lake Tufa State Natural ReserveMontgomery Woods State Natural ReservePoint LobosTorrey Pines State Natural ReserveAlbany State Marine ReserveBig Creek State Marine Reserve And Marine Conservation AreaCarmel Pinnacles State Marine ReserveDel Mar Landing State Marine ReserveEmeryville Crescent State Marine ReserveEstero De Limantour State Marine Reserve & Drakes Estero State Marine Conservation AreaFitzgerald Marine ReserveLaguna Beach State Marine ReserveLovers Point State Marine ReserveMontara State Marine Reserve & Pillar Point State Marine Conservation AreaMoro Cojo Slough State Marine ReserveNatural Bridges State Marine ReservePoint LobosPoint Sur State Marine Reserve And Marine Conservation AreaRussian River State Marine Reserve And Russian River State Marine Conservation AreaStewarts Point State Marine Reserve & Stewarts Point State Marine Conservation AreaAnderson Marsh State Historic ParkAntelope Valley Indian Museum State Historic ParkBale Grist Mill State Historic ParkBenicia Capitol State Historic ParkBidwell Mansion State Historic ParkBodie, CaliforniaCalifornia Citrus State Historic ParkCalifornia State Indian MuseumChumash Painted Cave State Historic ParkColonel Allensworth State Historic ParkColumbia State Historic ParkPresidio Of Santa BarbaraEmpire Mine State Historic ParkFolsom Powerhouse State Historic ParkFort Humboldt State Historic ParkFort Ross State Historic ParkFort TejonGovernor's Mansion State Historic ParkHearst CastleIndian Grinding Rock State Historic ParkJack London State Historic ParkLa Purísima Mission State Historic ParkLeland Stanford Mansion State Historic ParkLos Angeles State Historic ParkLos Encinos State Historic ParkMalakoff Diggins State Historic ParkMarconi Conference Center State Historic ParkMarshall Gold Discovery State Historic ParkMonterey State Historic ParkOld Sacramento State Historic ParkOld Town San Diego State Historic ParkOlompali State Historic ParkRancho Petaluma AdobePigeon Point LighthousePio Pico State Historic ParkPoint Sur State Historic ParkRailtown 1897 State Historic ParkSan Juan Bautista State Historic ParkSan Pasqual Battlefield State Historic ParkSanta Cruz Mission State Historic ParkSanta Susana Pass State Historic ParkShasta, CaliforniaSonoma State Historic ParkSutter's Fort State Historic ParkWassama Round House State Historic ParkWatts Towers Of Simon Rodia State Historic ParkWeaverville Joss House State Historic ParkWill Rogers State Historic ParkWilliam B. Ide Adobe State Historic ParkWoodland Opera HouseAsilomar State BeachBean Hollow State BeachBolsa Chica State BeachCardiff State BeachCarlsbad State BeachCarmel River State BeachCarpinteria State BeachCaspar Headlands State BeachCayucos State BeachCorona Del Mar State BeachDockweiler State BeachDoheny State BeachEl Capitán State BeachEmma Wood State BeachGray Whale Cove State BeachGreenwood State BeachHalf Moon Bay State BeachHuntington State BeachLeucadia State BeachLighthouse Field State BeachLittle River State BeachMalibu Lagoon State BeachMandalay State BeachManresa State BeachMarina State BeachMcGrath State BeachMontara State BeachMonterey State BeachMoonlight State BeachMorro Strand State BeachMoss Landing State BeachNatural Bridges State BeachNew Brighton State BeachPacifica State BeachPelican State BeachPescadero State BeachPismo State BeachPoint Dume State BeachPoint Sal State BeachPomponio State BeachRefugio State BeachRobert H. Meyer Memorial State BeachRobert W. Crown Memorial State BeachSalinas River State BeachSan Buenaventura State BeachSan Clemente State BeachSan Elijo State BeachSan Gregorio State BeachSan Onofre State BeachSanta Monica State BeachSchooner Gulch State BeachSeacliff State BeachSilver Strand State BeachSonoma Coast State BeachSouth Carlsbad State BeachSunset State BeachThornton State BeachTorrey Pines State BeachTrinidad State BeachTwin Lakes State BeachWestport-Union Landing State BeachWill Rogers State BeachWilliam Randolph Hearst Memorial State BeachZmudowski State BeachAdmiral William Standley State Recreation AreaAuburn State Recreation AreaAustin Creek State Recreation AreaBenbow Lake State Recreation AreaBenicia State Recreation AreaBethany Reservoir State Recreation AreaBrannan Island State Recreation AreaCandlestick Point State Recreation AreaCastaic Lake State Recreation AreaFolsom Lake State Recreation AreaFranks Tract State Recreation AreaGeorge J. Hatfield State Recreation AreaKenneth Hahn State Recreation AreaLake Oroville State Recreation AreaLake Perris State Recreation AreaMcConnell State Recreation AreaPicacho State Recreation AreaProvidence Mountains State Recreation AreaSalton Sea State Recreation AreaSan Luis Reservoir State Recreation AreaSilverwood Lake State Recreation AreaTurlock Lake State Recreation AreaWoodson Bridge State Recreation AreaCarnegie State Vehicular Recreation AreaOceano Dunes State Vehicular Recreation AreaOcotillo Wells State Vehicular Recreation AreaBurleigh H. Murray RanchCalifornia State Mining And Mineral MuseumCalifornia State Capitol MuseumCalifornia State Railroad MuseumCastro AdobeDelta Meadows River ParkEstero Bay (California)Hatton CanyonIndio Hills PalmsPoint Cabrillo Light StationPoint Lobos RanchPoint Montara Light StationSan Timoteo CanyonStone Lake (California)Ward Creek (Lake Tahoe)Wildwood CanyonUnited States National ForestAngeles National ForestButte Valley National GrasslandCleveland National ForestEldorado National ForestHumboldt-Toiyabe National ForestInyo National ForestKlamath National ForestLake Tahoe Basin Management UnitLassen National ForestLos Padres National ForestMendocino National ForestModoc National ForestPlumas National ForestRogue River – Siskiyou National ForestSan Bernardino National ForestSequoia National ForestShasta–Trinity National ForestSierra National ForestSix Rivers National ForestStanislaus National ForestTahoe National ForestAgua Tibia WildernessAnsel Adams WildernessBucks Lake WildernessCaribou WildernessCarson-Iceberg WildernessCastle Crags WildernessCucamonga WildernessDesolation WildernessDick Smith WildernessDinkey Lakes WildernessEmigrant WildernessGolden Trout WildernessHoover WildernessInyo Mountains WildernessIshi WildernessJennie Lakes WildernessJohn Muir WildernessKaiser WildernessMarble Mountain WildernessMokelumne WildernessMount Shasta WildernessSan Gabriel WildernessSan Rafael WildernessSespe WildernessSiskiyou WildernessSnow Mountain WildernessSouth Fork Eel River WildernessSouth Sierra WildernessSouth Warner WildernessThousand Lakes WildernessTrinity Alps WildernessVentana WildernessYolla Bolly–Middle Eel WildernessGiant Sequoia National MonumentSan Gabriel Mountains National MonumentSanta Rosa And San Jacinto Mountains National MonumentSmith River National Recreation AreaWhiskeytown–Shasta–Trinity National Recreation AreaSand To Snow National MonumentList Of California State ForestsBoggs Mountain Demonstration State ForestJackson Demonstration State ForestLaTour Demonstration State ForestMount Zion State ForestSoquel Demonstration State ForestNational Wildlife RefugeAntioch Dunes National Wildlife RefugeBitter Creek National Wildlife RefugeBlue Ridge National Wildlife RefugeButte Sink National Wildlife RefugeCastle Rock National Wildlife RefugeClear Lake National Wildlife RefugeCoachella Valley National Wildlife RefugeColusa National Wildlife RefugeDelevan National Wildlife RefugeDon Edwards San Francisco Bay National Wildlife RefugeEllicott Slough National Wildlife RefugeFarallon IslandsGuadalupe-Nipomo Dunes National Wildlife RefugeHopper Mountain National Wildlife RefugeHumboldt Bay National Wildlife RefugeKern National Wildlife RefugeLower Klamath National Wildlife RefugeMarin Islands National Wildlife RefugeMerced National Wildlife RefugeModoc National Wildlife RefugePixley National Wildlife RefugeSacramento National Wildlife Refuge ComplexSacramento River National Wildlife RefugeSalinas River National Wildlife RefugeSan Diego Bay National Wildlife RefugeSan Diego National Wildlife RefugeSan Joaquin River National Wildlife RefugeSan Luis National Wildlife RefugeSan Pablo Bay National Wildlife RefugeSeal Beach National Wildlife RefugeSonny Bono Salton Sea National Wildlife RefugeStone Lakes National Wildlife RefugeSutter National Wildlife RefugeTijuana Slough National Wildlife RefugeTule Lake National Wildlife RefugeCalifornia Department Of Fish And WildlifeFremont Weir Wildlife AreaHollenbeck Canyon Wildlife AreaMendota Wildlife AreaMoss Landing Wildlife AreaSpenceville Wildlife AreaWillow Creek-Lurline Wildlife Management AreaYolo Bypass Wildlife AreaBair IslandBatiquitos Lagoon Ecological ReserveBoggs Lake Ecological ReserveBolsa Chica Ecological ReserveBonny Doon Ecological ReserveBuena Vista Lagoon Ecological ReserveCanebrake Ecological ReserveEden Landing Ecological ReserveElkhorn Slough Ecological ReserveLoch Lomond Vernal Pool Ecological ReserveNorth Table Mountain Ecological ReservePine Hill Ecological ReserveSan Elijo Lagoon Ecological ReserveSan Felipe Creek Ecological ReserveSanta Rosa Plateau Ecological ReserveUpper Newport Bay Ecological ReserveAño Nuevo State Marine Conservation AreaAsilomar State Marine ReserveBair IslandBatiquitos Lagoon State Marine Conservation AreaBolsa Chica Basin State Marine Conservation AreaCambria State Marine Conservation AreaCarmel Bay State Marine Conservation AreaCarmel Pinnacles State Marine ReserveCrystal Cove State Marine Conservation AreaDana Point State Marine Conservation AreaDuxbury Reef State Marine Conservation AreaEdward F. Ricketts State Marine Conservation AreaElkhorn Slough State Marine Conservation AreaElkhorn Slough State Marine ReserveGerstle Cove State Marine ReserveGreyhound Rock State Marine Conservation AreaLaguna Beach State Marine ReserveLovers Point State Marine ReserveMoro Cojo Slough State Marine ReserveNatural Bridges State Marine ReservePacific Grove Marine Gardens State Marine Conservation AreaPoint Lobos State Marine ReservePortuguese Ledge State Marine Conservation AreaRussian River State Marine Reserve And Russian River State Marine Conservation AreaSalt Point State Marine Conservation AreaSan Elijo Lagoon State Marine Conservation AreaSonoma Coast State Marine Conservation AreaSoquel Canyon State Marine Conservation AreaSwami’s State Marine Conservation AreaUpper Newport Bay State Marine Conservation AreaVandenberg State Marine ReserveWhite Rock (Cambria) State Marine Conservation AreaBureau Of Land ManagementNational Landscape Conservation SystemBerryessa Snow Mountain National MonumentCalifornia Coastal National MonumentCarrizo Plain National MonumentCascade-Siskiyou National MonumentFort OrdMojave Trails National MonumentSand To Snow National MonumentSanta Rosa And San Jacinto Mountains National MonumentKing Range (California)Big Maria Mountains WildernessBigelow Cholla Garden WildernessBright Star WildernessChemehuevi Mountains WildernessChimney Peak WildernessChuckwalla Mountains WildernessChumash WildernessCleghorn Lakes WildernessClipper Mountain WildernessDarwin Falls WildernessDick Smith WildernessEl Paso Mountains WildernessFish Creek Mountains WildernessHeadwaters Forest ReserveIndian Pass WildernessInyo Mountains WildernessKiavah WildernessLittle Picacho WildernessAlgodones DunesOld Woman Mountains WildernessOtay Mountain WildernessOwens Peak WildernessPahrump Valley WildernessPalo Verde Mountains WildernessPiper Mountain WildernessRed Buttes WildernessRice Valley WildernessRiverside Mountains WildernessSacatar Trail WildernessSan Gorgonio WildernessSanta Rosa WildernessSawtooth Mountains WildernessSespe WildernessSheephole Valley WildernessStateline WildernessStepladder Mountains WildernessSylvania Mountains WildernessTurtle Mountains WildernessWhipple Mountains WildernessUnited States National Marine SanctuaryChannel Islands National Marine SanctuaryCordell Bank National Marine SanctuaryGreater Farallones National Marine SanctuaryMonterey Bay National Marine SanctuaryNational Estuarine Research ReserveElkhorn Slough National Estuarine Research ReserveSan Francisco Bay National Estuarine Research ReserveTijuana River National Estuarine Research ReserveUniversity Of California Natural Reserve SystemAngelo Coast Range ReserveAño Nuevo Island ReserveBlue Oak Ranch ReserveBodega Marine ReservePhilip L. 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