Contents 1 History 1.1 The beginning 1.2 1940s 1.3 Development and closure 1.4 The rebirth 2 Direction 3 Awards 3.1 Official selection: In competition 3.2 Orizzonti section (Horizons) 3.3 Jaeger-LeCoultre partnership 4 Past awards 4.1 Mussolini Cup (Coppa Mussolini) 4.1.1 Mussolini Cup for Best Italian Film 4.2 Great Gold Medals of the National Fascist Association for Entertainment 4.3 Audience Referendum 4.4 Award for Best Director 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] The beginning[edit] The first edition of the Venice Film Festival was carried out from the 6 to the 21 of August in 1932. The festival began with an idea of the president of the Venice Biennale Count Giuseppe Volpi di Misurata and Luciano De Feo, who was the very first director-selector. With good reason, the festival was considered the first international event of its type, receiving strong support from authorities. This first edition was held on the terrace of the Hotel Excelsior on the Venice Lido, and at that stage it was not a competitive event. The very first film to be shown in the history of the Festival was Rouben Mamoulian's Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, that was screened at 9:15 p.m. on 6 August 1932. The second edition was held two years later, from 1 to 20 of August in 1934. For the first time it included a competition. At least 19 countries took part with over 300 accredited journalists. The "Mussolini Cup" was introduced for best foreign film and best Italian film; however there was no actual jury. Instead, the awards were assigned by the President of the Biennale, after listening to the opinions of both experts and audiences, and in accordance with the "National Institute for Educational Cinema". Other awards were the "Great Gold Medals of the National Fascist Association for Entertainment" to best actor and actress. The prize for best foreign film went to Robert J. Flaherty's Man of Aran and was a confirmation of the taste of the time for auteur documentaries.[4] Starting in 1935, the Festival became a yearly event under the direction of Ottavio Croze. The actors' award was renamed "Volpi Cup". In 1936 an international jury was nominated for the first time and in 1937 the new Cinema Palace, designed by the architect Luigi Quagliata, was inaugurated.[4] 1940s[edit] [citation needed] The Doge's Palace in Piazza San Marco hosted the 1947 edition. The 1940s represent one of the most difficult moments for the review. The conclusion of the Second World War divides the decade in two. Before 1938 political pressures distorted and ruined the festival. With the advent of the conflict the situation degenerated to such a point that the editions of 1940, 1941 and 1942, subsequently are considered as if they did not happen because they were carried out in places far away from Lido. In addition, few countries participated and there was an absolute monopoly of institutions and directors that were members of the Rome-Berlin Axis. The festival resumed full speed in 1946, after the war. For the first time, the 1946 edition was held in the month of September, in accordance to an agreement with the newly-born Cannes Film Festival, which had just held its first review in the spring of that year. With the return of normalcy, Venice once again became a great icon of the film world. In 1947 the festival was held at the Doge's Palace, a most magnificent backdrop for hosting a record 90 thousand participants.The 1947 festival is widely considered one of the most successful editions in the history of the festival. Development and closure[edit] For the next twenty years the festival continued its development and expansion in accordance with the artistic plan set in motion after the war. In 1963 the winds of change blow strongly during Luigi Chiarini’s directorship of the festival. During the years of his presidency, Chiarini aspired to renew the spirit and the structures of the festival, pushing for a total reorganization of the entire system. For six years the festival followed a consistent path, according to the rigid criteria put in place for the selection of works in competition, and took a firm stand against the political pressures and interference of more and more demanding movie studios, preferring the artistic quality of films to the growing commercialization of the film industry. The social and political unrest of 1968 had strong repercussions on the Venice Bienniale. From 1969 to 1979 no prizes were awarded and the festival returned to the non-competitiveness of the first edition. In 1973, 1977 and 1978, the festival was not even held. The Golden Lion didn't make its return until 1980. The rebirth[edit] Year Director 1979-1983 Carlo Lizzani 1983-1987 Gian Luigi Rondi 1987-1992 Guglielmo Biraghi 1992-1996 Gillo Pontecorvo 1996-1999 Felice Laudadio 1999-2002 Alberto Barbera 2002-2004 Moritz de Hadeln 2004-2011 Marco Müller 2011- Alberto Barbera The long-awaited rebirth came in 1979, thanks to the new director Carlo Lizzani, who decided to restore the image and value the festival had lost over the last decade. The 1979 edition laid the foundation for the restoration of international prestige. In an attempt to create a more modern image of the festival, the neo-director created a committee of experts to assist in selecting the works and to increase the diversity of submissions to the festival.

Direction[edit] The President of the Venice Biennale represents the Festival in front of its financial partner, the public authorities and the media, is chosen by the Italian Ministry of Cultural Heritage. Paolo Baratta has been the President of the Venice Biennale since 2008. The Director is responsible for the coordination of the events and is chosen by the President of the Venice Biennale and its delegates.

Awards[edit] The Film Festival's current awards are: Official selection: In competition[edit] Oshri Cohen winning the Golden Lion for the film Lebanon at the 66th Venice International Film Festival The 65th Venice International Film Festival Golden Lion (Leone d'Oro), awarded to the best film screened in competition at the festival See list of winners at Golden Lion Silver Lion (Leone d'Argento), awarded to the best director in the competitive section See list of winners at Silver Lion Grand Jury Prize See list of winners at Grand Jury Prize (Venice Film Festival) Volpi Cup (Coppa Volpi), awarded to the best actor/actress See – Best Actor See – Best Actress Special Jury Prize, awarded to one or two films See list of winners at Special Jury Prize (Venice Film Festival) Golden Osella, awarded to the Best Technical Contribution (to cinematographers, composers, etc.) and for the Best Screenplay. See list of winners at Golden Osella There are other awards that also recognize acting performances: Marcello Mastroianni Award, instituted in 1998 in honor of the great Italian actor Marcello Mastroianni who died in 1996. The award was created to acknowledge an emerging actor or actress[5] Special Lion, awarded for an overall work to a director or actor of a film presented in the main competition section. Orizzonti section (Horizons)[edit] This section is open to all "custom-format" works, with a wider view towards new trends in the expressive languages that converge in film. The awards of the Orizzonti section are: The Orizzonti Prize The Special Orizzonti Jury Prize (for feature-length films) The Orizzonti Short Film Prize The Orizzonti Medium-length Film Prize Jaeger-LeCoultre partnership[edit] Jaeger-LeCoultre Glory to the Filmmaker Award, organized in collaboration with Jaeger-LeCoultre since 2006. It is dedicated to personalities who have made a significant contribution to contemporary cinema.[6] This is the list of winners: Year Director Nationality 2006 Kitano Takeshi Japan 2007 Abbas Kiarostami Iran 2008 Agnès Varda France 2009 Sylvester Stallone United States 2010 Mani Ratnam India 2011 Al Pacino United States 2012 Spike Lee United States 2013 Ettore Scola Italy 2014 James Franco United States 2015 Brian De Palma United States 2016 Amir Naderi Iran 2017 Stephen Frears United Kingdom

Past awards[edit] Mussolini Cup (Coppa Mussolini)[edit] The Mussolini Cup was the top award from 1934 to 1942 for Best Italian and Best Foreign Film. Named after Italy's dictator Benito Mussolini, it was abandoned upon his ouster in 1943.[4] Mussolini Cup for Best Italian Film[edit] Year English title Original title Director(s) 1934 Loyalty of Love Teresa Confalonieri Guido Brignone 1935 Casta Diva Casta diva Carmine Gallone 1936 The White Squadron Lo squadrone bianco Augusto Genina 1937 Scipio Africanus: The Defeat of Hannibal Scipione l'africano Carmine Gallone 1938 Luciano Serra, Pilot Luciano Serra pilota Goffredo Alessandrini 1939 Cardinal Messias Abuna Messias Goffredo Alessandrini 1940 The Siege of the Alcazar L'assedio dell'Alcazar Augusto Genina 1941 The Iron Crown La corona di ferro Alessandro Blasetti 1942 Bengasi Bengasi Augusto Genina Great Gold Medals of the National Fascist Association for Entertainment[edit] "Le Grandi Medaglie d’Oro dell’Associazione Nazionale Fascista dello Spettacolo" in Italian. This was awarded to Best Actor and Best Actress. It was later replaced by the Volpi Cup for actors and actresses.[4] The first time this prize was awarded to Katharine Hepburn for her role in Little Women by George Cukor.[4] Audience Referendum[edit] In the first edition of the festival in 1932, due to the lack of a jury and the awarding of official prizes, a list of acknowledgements was decided by popular vote, a tally determined by the number of people flocking to the films, and announced by the Organizing Committee. From this, the Best Director was declared – Russian Nikolai Ekk for the film Road to Life, while the film by René Clair À Nous la Liberté was voted Best Film. Award for Best Director[edit] Year Director(s) Title Original title 1935 King Vidor The Wedding Night 1936 Jacques Feyder Carnival in Flanders La Kermesse Héroique 1937 Robert J. Flaherty and Zoltan Korda Elephant Boy 1938 Carl Froelich Magda Heimat

See also[edit] Film portal Venice Biennale Rome Film Festival

References[edit] ^ Anderson, Ariston. "Venice: David Gordon Green's 'Manglehorn,' Abel Ferrara's 'Pasolini' in Competition Lineup". The Hollywood Reporter.  ^ "Addio, Lido: Last Postcards from the Venice Film Festival". TIME.  ^ Venice Biennale site. ^ a b c d e "La Biennale di Venezia – The 30s". Retrieved September 29, 2014.  ^ "Carnival of Venice, Marcello Mastroianni Award". Carnival of Venice. Retrieved September 29, 2014.  ^ "Carnival of Venice, Portale di Venezia® – The 1930s". Carnival of Venice. Retrieved September 29, 2014. 

External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Venice Film Festival. La Biennale di Venezia – Official website (in English) (in Italian) Venice International Film Festival history at La Biennale di Venezia website Venice Film Festival on IMDb v t e Venice Film Festival Awards Golden Lion Silver Lion (for Best Direction) Grand Jury Prize Special Jury Prize Volpi Cup for Best Actor Volpi Cup for Best Actress Golden Osella Premio Marcello Mastroianni Queer Lion Young Cinema Award By year 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 v t e FIAPF-accredited film festivals Feature (Competitive) Berlin Cairo Cannes Goa Karlovy Vary Locarno Mar del Plata Moscow Montreal San Sebastián Shanghai Tallinn (PÖFF) Tokyo Venice Warsaw Feature (Competitive Specialised) Antalya Brussels Busan Cartagena Cluj Napoca (TIFF) Courmayeur Gijón Istanbul Jeonju Kolkata Kyiv Namur Sarajevo Sitges Stockholm Sydney Trivandrum Turin Valencia (Jove) Feature (Non-competitive) Toronto Vienna Documentary and Short Bilbao Krakow Oberhausen St. Petersburg Tampere v t e Biennales / Biennials Africa AiM International Bamako Dakar America Hawaii Artists Chicago Architecture Iowa Havana Quilt National São Paulo Whitney Visual Collaborative Asia Bat-Yam International Gwangju Herzliya Incheon Istanbul International Roaming Biennial Kochi Nanjing Shanghai Singapore Europe ART Ii Biennale Berlin Brighton Photo Biennial Bucharest Coruche Courtray Estuaire Florence Light Art Biennale Liverpool Manifesta Moscow Munich Mykonos Netmage Paris Prague Venice Architecture Contemporary Art Film Festival Vienna Vladivostok Zagreb Oceania Melbourne Sydney Online BiennaleOnline Web Biennial Coordinates: 45°24′22″N 12°22′02″E / 45.405975°N 12.367290°E / 45.405975; 12.367290 Retrieved from "" Categories: Venice Film FestivalFilm festivals in ItalyVenice BiennaleFilm festivals established in 1932Recurring events established in 19321932 establishments in Italy20th-century establishments in VeniceHidden categories: Use dmy dates from August 2011Articles containing Italian-language textAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from August 2016Articles with Italian-language external linksCoordinates on Wikidata

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