Contents 1 Encoding forms 2 History 3 Differences from Unicode 4 Citing the Universal Coded Character Set 5 Relationship with Unicode 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 External links


Encoding forms[edit] ISO 10646 defines several character encoding forms for the Universal Coded Character Set. The simplest, UCS-2,[Note 1] uses a single code value (defined as one or more numbers representing a code point) between 0 and 65,535 for each character, and allows exactly two bytes (one 16-bit word) to represent that value. UCS-2 thereby permits a binary representation of every code point in the BMP, as long as the code point represents a character. UCS-2 cannot represent code points outside the BMP. (Occasionally, articles about Unicode will mistakenly refer to UCS-2 as "UCS-16". UCS-16 does not exist; the authors who make this error usually intend to refer to UCS-2 or to UTF-16.) The first amendment to the original edition of the UCS defined UTF-16, an extension of UCS-2, to represent code points outside the BMP. A range of code points in the S (Special) Zone of the BMP remains unassigned to characters. UCS-2 disallows use of code values for these code points, but UTF-16 allows their use in pairs. Unicode also adopted UTF-16, but in Unicode terminology, the high-half zone elements become "high surrogates" and the low-half zone elements become "low surrogates". Another encoding, UCS-4, uses a single code value between 0 and (theoretically) hexadecimal 7FFFFFFF for each character (although the UCS stops at 10FFFF and ISO/IEC 10646 has stated[citation needed] that all future assignments of characters will also take place in that range). UCS-4 allows representation of each value as exactly four bytes (one 32-bit word). UCS-4 thereby permits a binary representation of every code point in the UCS, including those outside the BMP. As in UCS-2, every encoded character has a fixed length in bytes, which makes it simple to manipulate, but of course it requires twice as much storage as UCS-2. Currently, the dominant UCS encoding is UTF-8, which is a variable-width encoding designed for backward compatibility with ASCII, and for avoiding the complications of endianness and byte-order marks in UTF-16 and UTF-32. More than half of all Web pages are encoded in UTF-8. The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) requires all Internet protocols to identify the encoding used for character data, and the supported character encodings must include UTF-8. The Internet Mail Consortium (IMC) recommends that all e-mail programs be able to display and create mail using UTF-8. It is also increasingly being used as the default character encoding in operating systems, programming languages, APIs, and software applications. See also Comparison of Unicode encodings.


History[edit] The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) set out to compose the universal character set in 1989, and published the draft of ISO 10646 in 1990. Hugh McGregor Ross was one of its principal architects. That standard differed markedly from the current one. It defined: 128 groups of 256 planes of 256 rows of 256 cells, for an apparent total of 2,147,483,648 characters, but actually the standard could code only 679,477,248 characters, as the policy forbade byte values of C0 and C1 control codes (0x00 to 0x1F and 0x80 to 0x9F, in hexadecimal notation) in any one of the four bytes specifying a group, plane, row and cell. The Latin capital letter A, for example, had a location in group 0x20, plane 0x20, row 0x20, cell 0x41. One could code the characters of this primordial ISO 10646 standard in one of three ways: UCS-4, four bytes for every character, enabling the simple encoding of all characters; UCS-2, two bytes for every character, enabling the encoding of the first plane, 0x20, the Basic Multilingual Plane, containing the first 36,864 codepoints, straightforwardly, and other planes and groups by switching to them with ISO 2022 escape sequences; UTF-1, which encodes all the characters in sequences of bytes of varying length (1 to 5 bytes, each of which contain no control codes). In 1990, therefore, two initiatives for a universal character set existed: Unicode, with 16 bits for every character (65,536 possible characters), and ISO 10646. The software companies refused to accept the complexity and size requirement of the ISO standard and were able to convince a number of ISO National Bodies to vote against it.[citation needed] The ISO standardizers realized they could not continue to support the standard in its current state and negotiated the unification of their standard with Unicode. Two changes took place: the lifting of the limitation upon characters (prohibition of control code values), thus opening code points like 0x0000101F for allocation; and the synchronization of the repertoire of the Basic Multilingual Plane with that of Unicode. Meanwhile, in the passage of time, the situation changed in the Unicode standard itself: 65,536 characters came to appear insufficient, and the standard from version 2.0 and onwards supports encoding of 1,112,064 code points from 17 planes by means of the UTF-16 surrogate mechanism. For that reason, ISO 10646 was limited to contain as many characters as could be encoded by UTF-16 and no more, that is, a little over a million characters instead of over 679 million. The UCS-4 encoding of ISO 10646 was incorporated into the Unicode standard with the limitation to the UTF-16 range and under the name UTF-32, although it has almost no use outside programs' internal data. Rob Pike and Ken Thompson, the designers of the Plan 9 operating system, devised a new, fast and well-designed mixed-width encoding, which came to be called UTF-8,[1] currently the most popular UCS encoding.


Differences from Unicode[edit] ISO 10646 and Unicode have an identical repertoire and numbers—the same characters with the same numbers exist on both standards, although Unicode releases new versions and adds new characters more often. Unicode has rules and specifications outside the scope of ISO 10646. ISO 10646 is a simple character map, an extension of previous standards like ISO 8859. In contrast, Unicode adds rules for collation, normalization of forms, and the bidirectional algorithm for right-to-left scripts such as Arabic and Hebrew. For interoperability between platforms, especially if bidirectional scripts are used, it is not enough to support ISO 10646; Unicode must be implemented. To support these rules and algorithms, Unicode adds many properties to each character in the set such as properties determining a character’s default bidirectional class and properties to determine how the character combines with other characters. If the character represents a numeric value such as the European number ‘8’, or the vulgar fraction ‘¼’, that numeric value is also added as a property of the character. Unicode intends these properties to support interoperable text handling with a mixture of languages. Some applications support ISO 10646 characters but do not fully support Unicode. One such application, Xterm, can properly display all ISO 10646 characters that have a one-to-one character-to-glyph mapping[clarification needed] and a single directionality. It can handle some combining marks by simple overstriking methods, but cannot display Hebrew (bidirectional), Devanagari (one character to many glyphs) or Arabic (both features). Most GUI applications use standard OS text drawing routines which handle such scripts, although the applications themselves still do not always handle them correctly.


Citing the Universal Coded Character Set[edit] ISO 10646, a general, informal citation for the ISO/IEC 10646 family of standards, is acceptable in most prose. And even though it is a separate standard, the term Unicode is used just as often, informally, when discussing the UCS. However, any normative references to the UCS as a publication should cite the year of the edition in the form ISO/IEC 10646:{year}, for example: ISO/IEC 10646:2014.


Relationship with Unicode[edit] Since 1991, the Unicode Consortium and the ISO have developed The Unicode Standard ("Unicode") and ISO/IEC 10646 in tandem. The repertoire, character names, and code points of Unicode Version 2.0 exactly match those of ISO/IEC 10646-1:1993 with its first seven published amendments. After Unicode 3.0 was published in February 2000, corresponding new and updated characters entered the UCS via ISO/IEC 10646-1:2000. In 2003, parts 1 and 2 of ISO/IEC 10646 were combined into a single part, which has since had a number of amendments adding characters to the standard in approximate synchrony with the Unicode standard. ISO/IEC 10646-1:1993 = Unicode 1.1 ISO/IEC 10646-1:1993 plus Amendments 5 to 7 = Unicode 2.0 ISO/IEC 10646-1:1993 plus Amendments 5 to 7 = Unicode 2.1 excluding Euro Sign and Object Replacement Character, which are included in Amendment 18 ISO/IEC 10646-1:2000 = Unicode 3.0 ISO/IEC 10646-1:2000 and ISO/IEC 10646-2:2001 = Unicode 3.1 ISO/IEC 10646-1:2000 plus Amendment 1 and ISO/IEC 10646-2:2001 = Unicode 3.2 ISO/IEC 10646:2003 = Unicode 4.0 ISO/IEC 10646:2003 plus Amendment 1 = Unicode 4.1 ISO/IEC 10646:2003 plus Amendments 1 to 2 = Unicode 5.0 excluding Devanagari Letters GGA, JJA, DDDA and BBA, which are included in Amendment 3 ISO/IEC 10646:2003 plus Amendments 1 to 4 = Unicode 5.1 ISO/IEC 10646:2003 plus Amendments 1 to 6 = Unicode 5.2 ISO/IEC 10646:2003 plus Amendments 1 to 8 = ISO/IEC 10646:2011 = Unicode 6.0 excluding Indian Rupee Sign ISO/IEC 10646:2012 = Unicode 6.1 ISO/IEC 10646:2012 = Unicode 6.2 excluding Turkish Lira Sign, which is included in Amendment 1 ISO/IEC 10646:2012 = Unicode 6.3 excluding Turkish Lira Sign, which is included in Amendment 1, and five bidirectional control characters (Arabic Letter Mark, Left-To-Right Isolate, Right-To-Left Isolate, First Strong Isolate, Pop Directional Isolate), which are included in Amendment 2 ISO/IEC 10646:2012 plus Amendments 1 and 2 = Unicode 7.0 excluding the Ruble sign ISO/IEC 10646:2014 plus Amendment 1 = Unicode 8.0 excluding the Lari sign, nine CJK unified ideographs, and 41 emoji characters ISO/IEC 10646:2014 plus Amendments 1 and 2 = Unicode 9.0 excluding Adlam, Newa, Japanese TV symbols, and 74 emoji and symbols ISO/IEC 10646:2017 = Unicode 10.0 excluding 285 Hentaigana characters, 3 Zanabazar Square characters, and 56 emoji symbols


See also[edit] Related ISO standards: ISO 646 (positions 0 to 127 are the same as in ISO/IEC 10646 and Unicode, and the numbers 646 and 10646 are similar) ISO 2022 Information technology—Character code structure and extension techniques ISO 6429 C0 and C1 control codes ISO 8859 (positions 0 through 255 of UCS and Unicode are the same as in ISO-8859-1, alias ISO Latin 1) ISO 14651 Information technology – International string ordering and comparison ISO 15924 Codes for the representation of names of scripts (each character is associated with one of those scripts) Comparison of Unicode encodings List of XML and HTML character entity references List of Unicode fonts Universal Character Set characters ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 2


Notes[edit] ^ See UTF-16 for a more detailed discussion of UCS-2.


References[edit] ^ Pike, Rob (2003-04-03). "UTF-8 history". Archived from the original on 2016-05-23. 


External links[edit] Publicly available standards (ISO) – includes a copy of ISO 10646:2014 (129 MB ZIP file, released 2014-09-01) and electronic inserts (1.7 MB ZIP file) ISO/IEC JTC1/SC2/WG2, the working group in charge of ISO 10646 UTF-8 and Unicode FAQ SIL's freeware fonts, editors and documentation Simple but pleasant UTF-8 example testing your web browser and font capabilities. v t e Unicode Unicode Unicode Consortium ISO/IEC 10646 (Universal Character Set) Versions Code points Blocks Universal Character Set Character charts Character property Planes Private Use Areas Characters Special purpose BOM Combining Grapheme Joiner Left-to-right mark / Right-to-left mark Soft hyphen Word joiner Zero-width joiner Zero-width non-joiner Zero-width space Lists Characters CJK Unified Ideographs Combining character Duplicate characters Numerals Scripts Spaces Symbols Halfwidth and fullwidth Processing Algorithms Bi-directional text Collation ISO 14651 Equivalence Variation sequences International Ideographs Core Comparison BOCU-1 CESU-8 Punycode SCSU UTF-1 UTF-7 UTF-8 UTF-9/UTF-18 UTF-16/UCS-2 UTF-32/UCS-4 UTF-EBCDIC On pairs of code points Combining character Compatibility characters Duplicate characters Equivalence Homoglyph Precomposed character list Z-variant Variation sequences Regional Indicator Symbol Fitzpatrick modifiers Usage Domain names (IDN) Email Fonts HTML entity references numeric references Input International Ideographs Core Related standards Common Locale Data Repository (CLDR) GB 18030 ISO/IEC 8859 ISO 15924 Related topics Anomalies ConScript Unicode Registry Ideographic Rapporteur Group International Components for Unicode People involved with Unicode Han unification Scripts and symbols in Unicode Common and inherited scripts Combining marks Diacritics Punctuation Space Numbers Modern scripts Adlam Arabic diacritics Armenian Balinese Bamum Batak Bengali Bopomofo Braille Buhid Burmese Canadian Aboriginal Chakma Cham Cherokee CJK Unified Ideographs (Han) Cyrillic Deseret Devanagari Ge'ez Georgian Greek Gujarati Gurmukhī Hangul Hanja Hanunó'o Hebrew diacritics Hiragana Javanese Kanji Kannada Katakana Kayah Li Khmer Khudawadi Lao Latin Lepcha Limbu Lisu (Fraser) Lontara Malayalam Mandaic Masaram Gondi Meetei Mayek Mende Kikakui Miao (Pollard) Mongolian Mro N'Ko New Tai Lue Newa Nushu Ol Chiki Oriya Osage Osmanya Pahawh Hmong Pau Cin Hau Rejang Samaritan Śāradā Saurashtra Shavian Sinhala Sorang Sompeng Sundanese Sylheti Nagari Syriac Tagalog (Baybayin) Tagbanwa Tai Le Tai Tham Tai Viet Takri Tamil Telugu Thaana Thai Tibetan Tifinagh Tirhuta Vai Warang Citi Yi Ancient and historic scripts Ahom Anatolian hieroglyphs Ancient North Arabian Avestan Bassa Vah Bhaiksuki Brāhmī Carian Caucasian Albanian Coptic Cuneiform Cypriot Egyptian hieroglyphs Elbasan Glagolitic Gothic Grantha Hatran Imperial Aramaic Inscriptional Pahlavi Inscriptional Parthian Kaithi Kharosthi Khojki Linear A Linear B Lycian Lydian Mahajani Manichaean Marchen Meroitic Modi Multani Nabataean Ogham Old Hungarian Old Italic Old Permic Old Persian cuneiform Old Turkic Palmyrene 'Phags-pa Phoenician Psalter Pahlavi Runic Siddham South Arabian Soyombo Tangut Ugaritic Zanabazar Square Notational scripts Duployan SignWriting Symbols Cultural, political, and religious symbols Currency Mathematical operators and symbols Phonetic symbols (including IPA) Emoji v t e Character encodings Early telecommunications ASCII ISO/IEC 646 ISO/IEC 6937 T.61 BCDIC Baudot code Morse code Telegraph code Wabun code Special telegraphy codes Non-Latin Chinese Cyrillic Needle telegraph codes ISO/IEC 8859 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -9 -10 -11 -12 -13 -14 -15 -16 Bibliographic use ANSEL ISO 5426 / 5426-2 / 5427 / 5428 / 6438 / 6861 / 6862 / 10585 / 10586 / 10754 / 11822 MARC-8 National standards ArmSCII BraSCII CNS 11643 ELOT 927 GOST 10859 GB 18030 HKSCS ISCII JIS X 0201 JIS X 0208 JIS X 0212 JIS X 0213 KOI-7 KPS 9566 KS X 1001 PASCII SI 960 TIS-620 TSCII VISCII YUSCII EUC CN JP KR TW ISO/IEC 2022 CN JP KR CCCII MacOS code pages ("scripts") Arabic Celtic CentEuro ChineseSimp / EUC-CN ChineseTrad / Big5 Croatian Cyrillic Devanagari Dingbats Esperanto Farsi (Persian) Gaelic Greek Gujarati Gurmukhi Hebrew Iceland Japanese / ShiftJIS Korean / EUC-KR Latin-1 Roman Romanian Sámi Symbol Thai / TIS-620 Turkish Ukrainian DOS code pages 100 111 112 113 151 152 161 162 163 164 165 166 210 220 301 437 449 489 620 667 668 707 708 709 710 711 714 715 720 721 737 768 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 790 850 851 852 853 854 855/872 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864/17248 865 866/808 867 868 869 874/1161/1162 876 877 878 881 882 883 884 885 891 895 896 897 898 899 900 903 904 906 907 909 910 911 926 927 928 929 932 934 936 938 941 942 943 944 946 947 948 949 950/1370 951 966 991 1034 1039 1040 1041 1042 1043 1044 1046 1086 1088 1092 1093 1098 1108 1109 1114 1115 1116 1117 1118 1119 1125/848 1126 1127 1131/849 1139 1167 1168 1300 1351 1361 1362 1363 1372 1373 1374 1375 1380 1381 1385 1386 1391 1392 1393 1394 Kamenický Mazovia CWI-2 KOI8 MIK Iran System IBM AIX code pages 367 371 806 813 819 895 896 912 913 914 915 916 919 920 921/901 922/902 923 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 963 964 965 970 971 1004 1006 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1029 1036 1089 1111 1124 1129/1163 1133 1350 1382 1383 IBM Apple MacIntosh emulations 1275 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 IBM Adobe emulations 1038 1276 1277 IBM DEC emulations 1020 1021 1023 1090 1100 1101 1102 1103 1104 1105 1106 1107 1287 1288 IBM HP emulations 1050 1051 1052 1053 1054 1055 1056 1057 1058 Windows code pages CER-GS 874/1162 (TIS-620) 932/943 (Shift JIS) 936/1386 (GBK) 950/1370 (Big5) 949/1363 (EUC-KR) 1169 1174 Extended Latin-8 1200 (UTF-16LE) 1201 (UTF-16BE) 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1261 1270 54936 (GB18030) EBCDIC code pages 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37/1140 38 39 40 251 252 254 256 257 258 259 260 264 273/1141 274 275 276 277/1142 278/1143 279 280/1144 281 282 283 284/1145 285/1146 286 287 288 289 290 293 297/1147 298 300 310 320 321 322 330 351 352 353 355 357 358 359 360 361 363 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 410 420/16804 421 423 424/8616/12712 425 435 500/1148 803 829 833 834 835 836 837 838/838 839 870/1110/1153 871/1149 875/4971/9067 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 892 893 905 918 924 930/1390 931 933/1364 935/1388 937/1371 939/1399 1001 1002 1003 1005 1007 1024 1025/1154 1026/1155 1027 1028 1030 1031 1032 1033 1037 1047 1068 1069 1070 1071 1073 1074 1075 1076 1077 1078 1079 1080 1081 1082 1083 1084 1085 1087 1091 1097 1112/1156 1113 1122/1157 1123/1158 1130/1164 1132 1136 1137 1150 1151 1152 1159 1165 1166 1278 1279 1303 1364 1376 1377 JEF KEIS Platform specific Acorn Adobe Standard Apple II ATASCII Atari ST BICS Casio calculators CDC CPC DEC Radix-50 DEC MCS/NRCS DG International ELWRO-Junior FIELDATA GEM GEOS GSM 03.38 HP Roman Extension HP Roman-8 HP Roman-9 HP FOCAL HP RPL LICS LMBCS MSX NEC APC NeXT PCW PETSCII Sharp calculators TI calculators TRS-80 Ventura International Ventura Symbol WISCII XCCS ZX80 ZX81 ZX Spectrum Unicode / ISO/IEC 10646 UTF-1 UTF-7 UTF-8 UTF-16 (UTF-16LE/UTF-16BE) / UCS-2 UTF-32 (UTF-32LE/UTF-32BE) / UCS-4 UTF-EBCDIC GB 18030 BOCU-1 CESU-8 SCSU Miscellaneous code pages ABICOMP APL ARIB STD-B24 Cork HZ INIS INIS-8 Johab LY1 OML OMS OT1 SEASCII TACE16 TRON UTF-5 UTF-6 WTF-8 Related topics Code page Control character (C0 C1) CCSID Character encodings in HTML Charset detection Han unification Hardware ISO 6429/IEC 6429/ANSI X3.64 Mojibake Character sets v t e ISO standards by standard number List of ISO standards / ISO romanizations / IEC standards 1–9999 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 16 31 -0 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -9 -10 -11 -12 -13 128 216 217 226 228 233 259 269 302 306 428 518 519 639 -1 -2 -3 -5 -6 646 690 732 764 843 898 965 1000 1004 1007 1073-1 1413 1538 1745 1989 2014 2015 2022 2047 2108 2145 2146 2240 2281 2709 2711 2788 2848 2852 3029 3103 3166 -1 -2 -3 3297 3307 3602 3864 3901 3977 4031 4157 4217 4909 5218 5428 5775 5776 5800 5964 6166 6344 6346 6385 6425 6429 6438 6523 6709 7001 7002 7098 7185 7200 7498 7736 7810 7811 7812 7813 7816 8000 8178 8217 8571 8583 8601 8632 8652 8691 8807 8820-5 8859 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -8-I -9 -10 -11 -12 -13 -14 -15 -16 8879 9000/9001 9075 9126 9293 9241 9362 9407 9506 9529 9564 9594 9660 9897 9899 9945 9984 9985 9995 10000–19999 10005 10006 10007 10116 10118-3 10160 10161 10165 10179 10206 10218 10303 -11 -21 -22 -28 -238 10383 10487 10585 10589 10646 10664 10746 10861 10957 10962 10967 11073 11170 11179 11404 11544 11783 11784 11785 11801 11898 11940 (-2) 11941 11941 (TR) 11992 12006 12182 12207 12234-2 13211 -1 -2 13216 13250 13399 13406-2 13450 13485 13490 13567 13568 13584 13616 14000 14031 14224 14289 14396 14443 14496 -2 -3 -6 -10 -11 -12 -14 -17 -20 14644 14649 14651 14698 14750 14764 14882 14971 15022 15189 15288 15291 15292 15398 15408 15444 -3 15445 15438 15504 15511 15686 15693 15706 -2 15707 15897 15919 15924 15926 15926 WIP 15930 16023 16262 16612-2 16750 16949 (TS) 17024 17025 17100 17203 17369 17442 17799 18000 18004 18014 18245 18629 18916 19005 19011 19092 (-1 -2) 19114 19115 19125 19136 19439 19500 19501 19502 19503 19505 19506 19507 19508 19509 19510 19600:2014 19752 19757 19770 19775-1 19794-5 19831 20000+ 20000 20022 20121 20400 21000 21047 21500 21827:2002 22000 23270 23271 23360 24517 24613 24617 24707 25178 25964 26000 26300 26324 27000 series 27000 27001 27002 27006 27729 28000 29110 29148 29199-2 29500 30170 31000 32000 38500 40500 42010 55000 80000 -1 -2 -3 Category v t e List of International Electrotechnical Commission standards IEC standards IEC 60027 IEC 60034 IEC 60038 IEC 60062 IEC 60063 IEC 60068 IEC 60112 IEC 60228 IEC 60269 IEC 60297 IEC 60309 IEC 60320 IEC 60364 IEC 60446 IEC 60559 IEC 60601 IEC 60870 IEC 60870-5 IEC 60870-6 IEC 60906-1 IEC 60908 IEC 60929 IEC 60958 AES3 S/PDIF IEC 61030 IEC 61131 IEC 61131-3 IEC 61158 IEC 61162 IEC 61334 IEC 61346 IEC 61355 IEC 61400 IEC 61499 IEC 61508 IEC 61511 IEC 61850 IEC 61851 IEC 61883 IEC 61960 IEC 61968 IEC 61970 IEC 62014-4 IEC 62056 IEC 62061 IEC 62196 IEC 62262 IEC 62264 IEC 62304 IEC 62325 IEC 62351 IEC 62365 IEC 62366 IEC 62379 IEC 62386 IEC 62455 IEC 62680 IEC 62682 IEC 62700 ISO/IEC standards ISO/IEC 646 ISO/IEC 2022 ISO/IEC 4909 ISO/IEC 5218 ISO/IEC 6429 ISO/IEC 6523 ISO/IEC 7810 ISO/IEC 7811 ISO/IEC 7812 ISO/IEC 7813 ISO/IEC 7816 ISO/IEC 7942 ISO/IEC 8613 ISO/IEC 8632 ISO/IEC 8652 ISO/IEC 8859 ISO/IEC 9126 ISO/IEC 9293 ISO/IEC 9592 ISO/IEC 9593 ISO/IEC 9899 ISO/IEC 9945 ISO/IEC 9995 ISO/IEC 10021 ISO/IEC 10116 ISO/IEC 10165 ISO/IEC 10179 ISO/IEC 10646 ISO/IEC 10967 ISO/IEC 11172 ISO/IEC 11179 ISO/IEC 11404 ISO/IEC 11544 ISO/IEC 11801 ISO/IEC 12207 ISO/IEC 13250 ISO/IEC 13346 ISO/IEC 13522-5 ISO/IEC 13568 ISO/IEC 13818 ISO/IEC 14443 ISO/IEC 14496 ISO/IEC 14882 ISO/IEC 15288 ISO/IEC 15291 ISO/IEC 15408 ISO/IEC 15444 ISO/IEC 15445 ISO/IEC 15504 ISO/IEC 15511 ISO/IEC 15693 ISO/IEC 15897 ISO/IEC 15938 ISO/IEC 16262 ISO/IEC 17024 ISO/IEC 17025 ISO/IEC 18000 ISO/IEC 18004 ISO/IEC 18014 ISO/IEC 19752 ISO/IEC 19757 ISO/IEC 19770 ISO/IEC 19788 ISO/IEC 20000 ISO/IEC 21000 ISO/IEC 21827 ISO/IEC 23000 ISO/IEC 23003 ISO/IEC 23008 ISO/IEC 23270 ISO/IEC 23360 ISO/IEC 24707 ISO/IEC 24727 ISO/IEC 24744 ISO/IEC 24752 ISO/IEC 26300 ISO/IEC 27000 ISO/IEC 27000-series ISO/IEC 27002 ISO/IEC 27040 ISO/IEC 29119 ISO/IEC 33001 ISO/IEC 38500 ISO/IEC 42010 ISO/IEC 80000 Related International Electrotechnical Commission Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Universal_Coded_Character_Set&oldid=803901536" Categories: UnicodeCharacter setsHidden categories: Use British English Oxford spelling from April 2012Articles needing additional references from November 2010All articles needing additional referencesAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from March 2010Articles with unsourced statements from January 2012Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2012


Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version Languages ČeštinaDeutschEspañolفارسیFrançais한국어ItalianoעבריתКыргызчаMagyar日本語NorskNorsk nynorskPolskiPortuguêsСрпски / srpskiSvenskaYorùbá中文 Edit links This page was last edited on 5 October 2017, at 11:45. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.332","walltime":"0.432","ppvisitednodes":{"value":1326,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":194324,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":1921,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":12,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":5,"limit":500},"entityaccesscount":{"value":0,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 205.750 1 -total"," 24.61% 50.629 7 Template:Navbox"," 19.27% 39.658 2 Template:Reflist"," 14.87% 30.598 2 Template:Citation_needed"," 14.50% 29.829 1 Template:Use_British_(Oxford)_English"," 14.30% 29.429 1 Template:Cite_web"," 14.18% 29.181 1 Template:Refimprove"," 13.37% 27.511 2 Template:Fix"," 12.37% 25.457 1 Template:Ambox"," 10.00% 20.572 1 Template:Unicode_navigation"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.082","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":3757952,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1252","timestamp":"20180110110014","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":528,"wgHostname":"mw1252"});});


Universal_Coded_Character_Set - Photos and All Basic Informations

Universal_Coded_Character_Set More Links

Wikipedia:VerifiabilityHelp:Introduction To Referencing With Wiki Markup/1Help:Maintenance Template RemovalCharacter (computing)International Organization For StandardizationInternational Organization For StandardizationInternational Electrotechnical CommissionCharacter EncodingIntegerCode PointUnicodeLanguagesWriting SystemBasic Multilingual PlanePeople's Republic Of ChinaGB 18030UCS-2ByteBitUTF-16UCS-4Wikipedia:Citation NeededUTF-8ASCIIUTF-32Comparison Of Unicode EncodingsInternational Organization For StandardizationHugh McGregor RossC0 And C1 Control CodesHexadecimalISO 2022UTF-1UnicodeWikipedia:Citation NeededUnicode PlaneUTF-16UTF-32Rob PikeKen Thompson (computer Programmer)Plan 9 From Bell LabsUTF-8Character RepertoireISO 8859CollationText NormalizationBidirectional AlgorithmRight-to-leftUnicode Character PropertyXtermWikipedia:Please ClarifyDevanagariGraphical User InterfaceUnicode ConsortiumISOUnicodeUnicode 1.1Unicode 2.0Unicode 2.1Euro SignSpecials (Unicode Block)Unicode 3.0Unicode 3.1Unicode 3.2Unicode 4.0Unicode 4.1Unicode 5.0Unicode 5.1Unicode 5.2Unicode 6.0Indian Rupee SignUnicode 6.1Unicode 6.2Turkish Lira SignUnicode 6.3Turkish Lira SignUnicode 7.0Russian RubleUnicode 8.0Georgian LariUnicode 9.0Unicode 10.0HentaiganaList Of ISO StandardsISO 646ISO 2022ISO 6429ISO 8859ISO 14651ISO 15924Comparison Of Unicode EncodingsList Of XML And HTML Character Entity ReferencesList Of TypefacesUniversal Character Set CharactersISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 2UTF-16UCS-2Rob PikeWorking GroupTemplate:Unicode NavigationTemplate Talk:Unicode NavigationUnicodeUnicode ConsortiumUnicodeCode PointUnicode BlockUniversal Character Set CharactersCategory:Unicode ChartsUnicode Character PropertyPlane (Unicode)Private Use AreasUniversal Character Set CharactersByte Order MarkCombining Grapheme JoinerLeft-to-right MarkRight-to-left MarkSoft HyphenWord JoinerZero-width JoinerZero-width Non-joinerZero-width SpaceList Of Unicode CharactersCJK Unified IdeographsCombining CharacterDuplicate Characters In UnicodeNumerals In UnicodeScript (Unicode)Space (punctuation)Unicode SymbolsHalfwidth And Fullwidth FormsBi-directional TextUnicode Collation AlgorithmISO 14651Unicode EquivalenceVariant Form (Unicode)International Ideographs CoreComparison Of Unicode EncodingsBinary Ordered Compression For UnicodeCESU-8PunycodeStandard Compression Scheme For UnicodeUTF-1UTF-7UTF-8UTF-9 And UTF-18UTF-16UTF-32UTF-EBCDICCombining CharacterUnicode Compatibility CharactersDuplicate Characters In UnicodeUnicode EquivalenceHomoglyphPrecomposed CharacterList Of Precomposed Latin Characters In UnicodeZ-variantVariant Form (Unicode)Regional Indicator SymbolFitzpatrick ScaleInternationalized Domain NameUnicode And EmailUnicode FontUnicode And HTMLList Of XML And HTML Character Entity ReferencesNumeric Character ReferenceUnicode InputInternational Ideographs CoreCommon Locale Data RepositoryGB 18030ISO/IEC 8859ISO 15924Unicode AnomalyConScript Unicode RegistryIdeographic Rapporteur GroupInternational Components For UnicodeCategory:People Involved With UnicodeHan UnificationScript (Unicode)Script (Unicode)Combining CharacterDiacriticPunctuationSpace (punctuation)Numerals In UnicodeAdlam AlphabetArabic ScriptArabic DiacriticsArmenian AlphabetBalinese AlphabetBamum ScriptBatak AlphabetBengali AlphabetBopomofoBrailleBuhid AlphabetBurmese AlphabetCanadian Aboriginal SyllabicsChakma AlphabetCham AlphabetCherokee SyllabaryCJK Unified IdeographsCyrillic ScriptDeseret AlphabetDevanagariGe'ez ScriptGeorgian ScriptsGreek AlphabetGujarati AlphabetGurmukhī AlphabetHangulHanjaHanunó'o AlphabetHebrew AlphabetHebrew DiacriticsHiraganaJavanese ScriptKanjiKannada AlphabetKatakanaKayah Li AlphabetKhmer AlphabetKhudabadi ScriptLao AlphabetLatin Script In UnicodeLepcha AlphabetLimbu AlphabetFraser AlphabetLontara AlphabetMalayalam ScriptMandaic AlphabetGondi WritingMeithei ScriptMende Kikakui ScriptPollard ScriptMongolian ScriptMro PeopleN'Ko AlphabetNew Tai Lue AlphabetPrachalit Nepal AlphabetNüshu ScriptOl Chiki AlphabetOriya AlphabetOsage AlphabetOsmanya AlphabetPahawh HmongPau Cin HauRejang AlphabetSamaritan AlphabetŚāradā ScriptSaurashtra AlphabetShavian AlphabetSinhala AlphabetSorang Sompeng AlphabetSundanese AlphabetSylheti NagariSyriac AlphabetBaybayinTagbanwa AlphabetTai Le AlphabetTai Tham AlphabetTai Dam LanguageTakri AlphabetTamil ScriptTelugu ScriptThaanaThai AlphabetTibetan AlphabetTifinaghTirhutaVai SyllabaryWarang CitiYi ScriptAhom AlphabetAnatolian HieroglyphsAncient North ArabianAvestan AlphabetBassa AlphabetBhaiksuki AlphabetBrahmi ScriptCarian AlphabetsCaucasian Albanian AlphabetCoptic AlphabetCuneiformCypriot SyllabaryEgyptian HieroglyphsElbasanGlagolitic AlphabetGothic AlphabetGrantha AlphabetHatran AlphabetAramaic AlphabetPahlavi ScriptsParthian LanguageKaithiKharosthiKhojkiLinear ALinear BLycian AlphabetLydian AlphabetMahajaniManichaean AlphabetZhang-Zhung LanguageMeroitic AlphabetModi AlphabetMultani AlphabetNabataean AlphabetOghamOld Hungarian AlphabetOld Italic ScriptOld Permic AlphabetOld Persian CuneiformOld Turkic AlphabetPalmyrene Alphabet'Phags-pa ScriptPhoenician AlphabetPahlavi ScriptsRunesSiddhaṃ ScriptSouth Arabian AlphabetSoyombo AlphabetTangut ScriptUgaritic AlphabetZanabazar Square AlphabetDuployan ShorthandSignWritingReligious And Political Symbols In UnicodeCurrency SymbolMathematical Operators And Symbols In UnicodePhonetic Symbols In UnicodeEmojiTemplate:Character EncodingsTemplate Talk:Character EncodingsCharacter EncodingASCIIISO/IEC 646ISO/IEC 6937ITU T.61BCD (character Encoding)Baudot CodeMorse CodeTelegraph CodeWabun CodeMorse Code For Non-Latin AlphabetsChinese Telegraph CodeRussian Morse CodeCooke And Wheatstone TelegraphISO/IEC 8859ISO/IEC 8859-1ISO/IEC 8859-2ISO/IEC 8859-3ISO/IEC 8859-4ISO/IEC 8859-5ISO/IEC 8859-6ISO/IEC 8859-7ISO/IEC 8859-8ISO/IEC 8859-9ISO/IEC 8859-10ISO/IEC 8859-11ISO/IEC 8859-12ISO/IEC 8859-13ISO/IEC 8859-14ISO/IEC 8859-15ISO/IEC 8859-16ANSELISO 5426ISO 5428ISO 6438ISO 6862ArmSCIIMARC-8ArmSCIIBraSCIICNS 11643ELOT 927GOST 10859GB 18030Hong Kong Supplementary Character SetIndian Script Code For Information InterchangeJIS X 0201JIS X 0208JIS X 0212JIS X 0213KOI-7KPS 9566KS X 1001Perso-Arabic Script Code For Information InterchangeSI 960Thai Industrial Standard 620-2533Tamil Script Code For Information InterchangeVietnamese Standard Code For Information InterchangeYUSCIIExtended Unix CodeExtended Unix CodeExtended Unix CodeExtended Unix CodeExtended Unix CodeISO/IEC 2022ISO/IEC 2022ISO/IEC 2022ISO/IEC 2022Chinese Character Code For Information InterchangeCategory:Mac OS Character EncodingsMacArabic EncodingMac OS CelticMacintosh Central European EncodingEUC-CNBig5MacCroatian EncodingMacintosh Cyrillic EncodingMac Devanagari EncodingMacEsperanto EncodingMacFarsi EncodingMac OS GaelicMacGreek EncodingMac Icelandic EncodingShift JISEUC-KRMacintosh Latin EncodingMac OS RomanMacRomanian EncodingMac OS SámiThai Industrial Standard 620-2533MacTurkish EncodingMacintosh Ukrainian EncodingCategory:DOS Code PagesCode Page 301Code Page 437Code Page 449Code Page 667Code Page 668Code Page 708Code Page 720Code Page 737Code Page 770Code Page 771Code Page 772Code Page 773Code Page 774Code Page 775Code Page 790Code Page 850Code Page 851Code Page 852Code Page 853Code Page 855Code Page 855Code Page 856Code Page 857Code Page 858Code Page 859Code Page 860Code Page 861Code Page 862Code Page 863Code Page 864Code Page 17248Code Page 865Code Page 866Code Page 866Code Page 867Code Page 868Code Page 869Code Page 874Code Page 1161Code Page 1162Code Page 878Kamenicky EncodingMazovia EncodingCode Page 897Code Page 866Code Page 907Code Page 932 (IBM)Code Page 936 (IBM)Code Page 941Code Page 942Code Page 943Code Page 949 (IBM)Code Page 950Code Page 951Code Page 991Code Page 1041Code Page 1117Code Page 1118Code Page 1119Code Page 1167Code Page 1168Code Page 1363Code Page 1386Code Page 1392Kamenický EncodingMazovia EncodingCWI-2KOI Character EncodingsMIK Code PageIran System EncodingIBM AIXCode Page 367Code Page 806Code Page 813Code Page 819Code Page 895Code Page 896Code Page 912Code Page 913Code Page 914Code Page 915Code Page 916Code Page 919Code Page 920Code Page 923Code Page 954Code Page 1009Code Page 1010Code Page 1011Code Page 1012Code Page 1013Code Page 1014Code Page 1015Code Page 1016Code Page 1017Code Page 1018Code Page 1019Code Page 1036Code Page 1089Code Page 1111Code Page 1124Code Page 1133Category:Mac OS Character EncodingsMac OS RomanMacGreek EncodingMacTurkish EncodingMacintosh Central European EncodingMacintosh Cyrillic EncodingMacCroatian EncodingMacRomanian EncodingMac Icelandic EncodingCode Page 1038Code Page 1276Digital Equipment CorporationCode Page 1020Code Page 1021Code Page 1023Code Page 1090Multinational Character SetCode Page 1101Code Page 1102Code Page 1103Code Page 1104Code Page 1105Code Page 1106Code Page 1107Code Page 1287Code Page 1288Hewlett-PackardCode Page 1050Code Page 1051Code Page 1057Windows Code PageCER-GSCode Page 1162Code Page 1162Thai Industrial Standard 620-2533Code Page 932 (Microsoft Windows)Code Page 943Shift JISCode Page 1386Code Page 1386GBK (character Encoding)Code Page 950Code Page 950Big5Unified Hangul CodeCode Page 1363EUC-KRExtended Latin-8Windows-1200UTF-16LEWindows-1201UTF-16BEWindows-1250Windows-1251Windows-1252Windows-1253Windows-1254Windows-1255Windows-1256Windows-1257Windows-1258Windows-1270Windows-54936EBCDICEBCDIC Code PagesEBCDIC 037EBCDIC 1140EBCDIC 038EBCDIC 252EBCDIC 273EBCDIC 1141EBCDIC 277EBCDIC 1142EBCDIC 278EBCDIC 1143EBCDIC 280EBCDIC 1144EBCDIC 284EBCDIC 1145EBCDIC 285EBCDIC 1146EBCDIC 293EBCDIC 297EBCDIC 1147Code Page 353Code Page 355Code Page 357Code Page 358Code Page 359Code Page 360EBCDIC 410EBCDIC 423EBCDIC 424EBCDIC 8616EBCDIC 12712EBCDIC 500EBCDIC 1148EBCDIC 870EBCDIC 1110EBCDIC 1153EBCDIC 871EBCDIC 1149EBCDIC 875EBCDIC 4971EBCDIC 9067EBCDIC 880EBCDIC 905EBCDIC 924Code Page 930Code Page 1390EBCDIC 1025EBCDIC 1154EBCDIC 1026EBCDIC 1155EBCDIC 1047JEF CodepageKEISRISC OS Character SetPostScript Standard EncodingApple II Character SetATASCIIAtari ST Character SetBitstream International Character SetCasio Calculator Character SetsCDC Display CodeDEC Radix-50Multinational Character SetNational Replacement Character SetDG InternationalELWRO-JuniorFIELDATAGEM Character SetGSM 03.38HP Roman ExtensionHP Roman-8HP Roman-9FOCAL Character SetRPL Character SetLotus International Character SetLotus Multi-Byte Character SetMSX Character SetNEC APC Character SetNeXT Character SetPCW Character SetPETSCIISharp Calculator Character SetsTI Calculator Character SetsTRS-80 Character SetVentura InternationalVentura SymbolWang International Standard Code For Information InterchangeXerox Character Code StandardZX80 Character SetZX81 Character SetZX Spectrum Character SetUnicodeUTF-1UTF-7UTF-8UTF-16UTF-16LEUTF-16BEUCS-2UTF-32UTF-32LEUTF-32BEUCS-4UTF-EBCDICGB 18030BOCU-1CESU-8Standard Compression Scheme For UnicodeABICOMP Character SetAPL (codepage)ARIB STD B24 Character SetCork EncodingHZ (character Encoding)INIS Character SetINIS-8LY1 EncodingOML EncodingOMS EncodingOT1 EncodingStanford Extended ASCIITACE16TRON (encoding)UTF-5UTF-6UTF-8Code PageControl CharacterC0 And C1 Control CodesCCSIDCharacter Encodings In HTMLCharset DetectionHan UnificationHardware Code PageANSI Escape CodeMojibakeCategory:Character SetsTemplate:ISO StandardsTemplate Talk:ISO StandardsInternational Organization For StandardizationList Of International Organization For Standardization StandardsList Of ISO RomanizationsList Of IEC StandardsISO 1ISO 2Preferred NumberISO 4ISO 5ISO 6ISO 7ISO 9A440 (pitch Standard)ISO 31ISO 31-0ISO 31-1ISO 31-2ISO 31-3ISO 31-4ISO 31-5ISO 31-6ISO 31-7ISO 31-8ISO 31-9ISO 31-10ISO 31-11ISO 31-12ISO 31-13ISO 128ISO 216ISO 217ISO 226British Standard Pipe ThreadISO 233ISO 259EnvelopeKappa NumberVicat Softening PointISO 428ISO 518ISO 519ISO 639ISO 639-1ISO 639-2ISO 639-3ISO 639-5ISO 639-6ISO/IEC 646ISO 690ISO 732Antimagnetic WatchISO 843ISO 898ISO 965ISO 1000Magnetic Ink Character Recognition135 FilmOCR-A FontISO 1413ALGOL 60ISO 1745ISO 1989ISO 2014ISO 2015ISO/IEC 2022ISO 2047International Standard Book NumberISO 2145ISO 2146ISO 2240Water Resistant MarkISO 2709ISO 2711ISO 2788ISO 2848ISO 2852126 FilmISO 3103ISO 3166ISO 3166-1ISO 3166-2ISO 3166-3International Standard Serial NumberISO 3307Kunrei-shiki RomanizationISO 3864International Standard Recording CodeISO 3977ISO 4031ISO 4157ISO 4217ISO/IEC 4909ISO/IEC 5218ISO 5428ISO 5775ISO 5776ISO 5800ISO 5964ISO 6166ISO 6344ISO 6346ISO 6385Water Resistant MarkANSI Escape CodeISO 6438ISO 6523ISO 6709ISO 7001ISO 7002PinyinPascal (programming Language)ISO 7200OSI ModelISO 7736ISO/IEC 7810ISO/IEC 7811ISO/IEC 7812ISO/IEC 7813ISO/IEC 7816ISO 8000ISO 8178Fuel OilFTAMISO 8583ISO 8601Computer Graphics MetafileISO/IEC 8652ISO 8691Language Of Temporal Ordering SpecificationISO/IEC 8820-5ISO/IEC 8859ISO/IEC 8859-1ISO/IEC 8859-2ISO/IEC 8859-3ISO/IEC 8859-4ISO/IEC 8859-5ISO/IEC 8859-6ISO/IEC 8859-7ISO/IEC 8859-8ISO-8859-8-IISO/IEC 8859-9ISO/IEC 8859-10ISO/IEC 8859-11ISO/IEC 8859-12ISO/IEC 8859-13ISO/IEC 8859-14ISO/IEC 8859-15ISO/IEC 8859-16Standard Generalized Markup LanguageISO 9000SQLISO/IEC 9126File Allocation TableISO 9241ISO 9362Shoe SizeManufacturing Message SpecificationISO 9529ISO 9564X.500ISO 9660ISO 9897C (programming Language)POSIXISO 9984ISO 9985ISO/IEC 9995ISO 10005ISO 10006ISO 10007ISO/IEC 10116Whirlpool (cryptography)ISO 10160ISO 10161Guidelines For The Definition Of Managed ObjectsDocument Style Semantics And Specification LanguageISO 10206ISO 10218ISO 10303EXPRESS (data Modeling Language)ISO 10303-21ISO 10303-22ISO 10303-28STEP-NCISO 10383ISO 10487ArmSCIIIS-ISTorxRM-ODPMultibusInternational Standard Music NumberISO 10962ISO/IEC 10967ISO/IEEE 11073ISO 11170ISO/IEC 11179ISO/IEC 11404JBIGISO 11783ISO 11784 & 11785ISO 11784 & 11785ISO/IEC 11801ISO 11898ISO 11940ISO 11940-2ISO/TR 11941ISO/TR 11941ISO 11992ISO 12006ISO/IEC TR 12182ISO/IEC 12207Tag Image File Format / Electronic PhotographyPrologPrologPrologIsofixTopic MapsISO 13399ISO 13406-2110 FilmISO 13485ISO 13490ISO 13567Z NotationISO 13584International Bank Account NumberISO 14000ISO 14031ISO 14224PDF/UAHorsepowerISO/IEC 14443MPEG-4MPEG-4 Part 2MPEG-4 Part 3Delivery Multimedia Integration FrameworkH.264/MPEG-4 AVCMPEG-4 Part 11MPEG-4 Part 12MPEG-4 Part 14MPEG-4 Part 14MPEG-4 Part 14ISO 14644STEP-NCISO 14651ISO 14698ISO 14750Software MaintenanceC++ISO 14971ISO 15022ISO 15189ISO/IEC 15288Ada Semantic Interface SpecificationISO 15292ISO 15398Common CriteriaJPEG 2000Motion JPEG 2000HTMLPDF417ISO/IEC 15504International Standard Identifier For Libraries And Related OrganizationsISO 15686ISO/IEC 15693International Standard Audiovisual NumberISO 15706-2International Standard Musical Work CodeISO 15897ISO 15919ISO 15924ISO 15926ISO 15926 WIPPDF/XMaxiCodeECMAScriptPDF/VTISO 16750ISO/TS 16949ISO/IEC 17024ISO/IEC 17025ISO 17100:2015Open Virtualization FormatSDMXLegal Entity IdentifierISO/IEC 27002ISO/IEC 18000QR CodeISO/IEC 18014ISO 18245Process Specification LanguagePhotographic Activity TestPDF/AISO 19011ISO 19092-1ISO 19092-2ISO 19114ISO 19115Simple Feature AccessISO 19136ISO 19439Common Object Request Broker ArchitectureUnified Modeling LanguageMeta-Object FacilityXML Metadata InterchangeUnified Modeling LanguageKnowledge Discovery MetamodelObject Constraint LanguageMeta-Object FacilityXML Metadata InterchangeBusiness Process Model And NotationISO 19600:2014ISO/IEC 19752RELAX NGISO/IEC 19770X3DISO/IEC 19794-5Cloud Infrastructure Management InterfaceISO/IEC 20000ISO 20022ISO 20121ISO 20400MPEG-21International Standard Text CodeISO 21500ISO/IEC 21827ISO 22000C Sharp (programming Language)Common Language InfrastructureLinux Standard BasePDF/ELexical Markup FrameworkISO-TimeMLCommon LogicISO 25178ISO 25964ISO 26000OpenDocumentDigital Object IdentifierISO/IEC 27000-seriesISO/IEC 27000ISO/IEC 27001ISO/IEC 27002ISO/IEC 27006International Standard Name IdentifierISO 28000ISO 29110Requirements EngineeringJPEG XROffice Open XMLRuby (programming Language)ISO 31000Portable Document FormatISO/IEC 38500Web Content Accessibility GuidelinesISO/IEC 42010ISO 55000ISO/IEC 80000ISO 80000-1ISO 80000-2ISO 80000-3Category:ISO StandardsTemplate:List Of International Electrotechnical Commission StandardsTemplate Talk:List Of International Electrotechnical Commission StandardsList Of International Electrotechnical Commission StandardsIEC 60027IEC 60034IEC 60038Letter And Digit CodeE-series Of Preferred NumbersIEC 60068Comparative Tracking IndexIEC 60228IEC 6026919-inch RackIEC 60309IEC 60320IEC 60364IEC 60446IEEE 754IEC 60601IEC 60870IEC 60870-5IEC 60870-6IEC 60906-1Compact Disc Digital AudioIEC 60929IEC 60958AES3S/PDIFIEC 61030IEC 61131IEC 61131-3FieldbusIEC 61162IEC 61334IEC 61346IEC 61355IEC 61400IEC 61499IEC 61508IEC 61511IEC 61850IEC 61851IEC 61883IEC 61960IEC 61968IEC 61970IP-XACTIEC 62056IEC 62061IEC 62196EN 62262IEC 62264IEC 62304IEC 62325IEC 62351AES47IEC 62366IEC 62379Digital Addressable Lighting InterfaceIEC 62455USBIEC 62682IEC 62700ISO/IEC 646ISO/IEC 2022ISO/IEC 4909ISO/IEC 5218ANSI Escape CodeISO/IEC 6523ISO/IEC 7810ISO/IEC 7811ISO/IEC 7812ISO/IEC 7813ISO/IEC 7816Graphical Kernel SystemOpen Document ArchitectureComputer Graphics MetafileISO/IEC 8652ISO/IEC 8859ISO/IEC 9126File Allocation TablePHIGSPHIGSANSI CPOSIXISO/IEC 9995ISO/IEC 10021ISO/IEC 10116Guidelines For The Definition Of Managed ObjectsDocument Style Semantics And Specification LanguageISO/IEC 10967MPEG-1ISO/IEC 11179ISO/IEC 11404JBIGISO/IEC 11801ISO/IEC 12207Topic MapsUniversal Disk FormatMHEG-5Z NotationMPEG-2ISO/IEC 14443MPEG-4C++ISO/IEC 15288Ada Semantic Interface SpecificationCommon CriteriaJPEG 2000HTMLISO/IEC 15504International Standard Identifier For Libraries And Related OrganizationsISO/IEC 15693ISO/IEC 15897MPEG-7ECMAScriptISO/IEC 17024ISO/IEC 17025ISO/IEC 18000QR CodeISO/IEC 18014ISO/IEC 19752RELAX NGISO/IEC 19770ISO/IEC 19788ISO/IEC 20000MPEG-21ISO/IEC 21827MPEG-AMPEG-DMPEG-HC Sharp (programming Language)Linux Standard BaseCommon LogicISO/IEC 24727ISO/IEC 24744Universal Remote ConsoleOpenDocumentISO/IEC 27000ISO/IEC 27000-seriesISO/IEC 27002ISO/IEC 27040ISO/IEC 29119ISO/IEC 33001ISO/IEC 38500ISO/IEC 42010ISO/IEC 80000International Electrotechnical CommissionHelp:CategoryCategory:UnicodeCategory:Character SetsCategory:Use British English Oxford Spelling From April 2012Category:Articles Needing Additional References From November 2010Category:All Articles Needing Additional ReferencesCategory:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From March 2010Category:Articles With Unsourced Statements From January 2012Category:Wikipedia Articles Needing Clarification From January 2012Discussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer



view link view link view link view link view link