Contents 1 Structure 2 History 2.1 Active years (1961–84) 2.2 Management changes 2.2.1 Ocean Way Recording 2.2.2 Cello Studios 2.2.3 EastWest Studios 2.2.4 United Recording Studios 2.2.5 Timeline 3 Legacy 4 References 5 External links


Structure[edit] The complex's two buildings, United Recording and Western Studio, operated more or less independently despite being located only one block apart. United consisted of two large rooms; the larger United 'A' was approximately 45 × 65 × 22 feet, with United 'B' being slightly smaller. Western copied the layout of United, with the very large Western 1 and the somewhat smaller Western 2. Both buildings also had a third, smaller recording room, as well as several dubbing and mastering suites. The small rooms provided a sumptuous sound, with Western Studio 3, measuring just 34' × 14', being Brian Wilson's preference.[3][4]


History[edit] Further information: Universal Audio Active years (1961–84)[edit] Prior to his move to California, Bill Putnam had founded the prestigious Universal Recording studio in Chicago. A pioneer of modern recording technique, Putnam became well known for his UREI recording equipment and custom-made Universal Audio mixing consoles, which were bought by major recording studios. After relocating to Hollywood in 1957, and with the backing of Bing Crosby and Frank Sinatra, Putnam first established the United Recording Corp.[5] studio complex at 6050 Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood.[6] In 1961, he purchased the neighboring Western Studio at 6000 Sunset, remodeling and incorporating the building into the complex.[7] The buildings were then renamed United Western Recorders,[8][9] and catered to some of the biggest artists of the era,[10] including Frank Sinatra,[11] The Beach Boys, and Elvis Presley.[12] Putnam assembled a talented staff, some of whom went on to become major names in their own right, notably Bones Howe, John Haeny, Lee Hershberg, Chuck Britz, and Wally Heider, one of the pioneers of mobile recording and later of Wally Heider Studios. United was initially favored by 'older' artists such as Crosby, Sinatra, Nat King Cole and Ray Charles, as well as the young Fleetwoods, while Western soon became a favored recording venue for the new generation of pop-rock musicians and producers, such as Sam Cooke, the Beach Boys, Phil Spector and The Mamas & the Papas. In the early sixties, Putnam scored a significant coup when major US record labels began to release stereophonic recordings in large numbers. According to Allen Sides, when stereo first appeared in the late 1950s, the cost-conscious major labels were initially uninterested, feeling that the market for the new format was limited, and that stereo mixdowns were a waste of time and money. Putnam however foresaw the coming importance of stereo and, at his own expense, he began making simultaneous mono and stereo mixdowns, storing away the stereo versions of these recordings, which at the time were released only in mono. When stereo took off in the early sixties, Putnam had amassed a very valuable stockpile of more than two-and-a-half years' worth of stereo recordings by scores of major acts. The value of this stockpile can be estimated from Sides' statement that United Western was at this time bringing in around US$200,000 per month in studio billings—equivalent to perhaps US$1 million per month today. The major labels approached Putnam hoping to buy the stereo tape stockpile, but he struck a far more lucrative deal, in which the labels repaid him for the (far more expensive) studio time he had used in making the stereo mixes.[13] In 1970, Jack Herschorn purchased the Universal Audio mixing console and a number of other pieces of equipment from that studio including UA LA-76A and LA-76B limiting amplifiers, UA vacuum tube power amplifiers (which were actually Dynakit Stereo 70 and 50-watt mono amplifier kits assembled into rack-mount chassis), Fairchild Conax sibilance controllers, Langevin graphic equalizers and Cinema Engineering filters, all originally installed in United Studio A in 1957. This equipment was shipped to Vancouver, Canada, and installed in Aragon Studios which he owned at the time, later renamed Mushroom Studios. Installation of the equipment in Vancouver was supervised by Charlie Richmond. Management changes[edit] Ocean Way Recording[edit] Main article: Ocean Way Recording In 1984, Bill Putnam sold the studio complex to Allen Sides, who renamed the buildings Ocean Way Recording, as they would both be known until 1999.[14] Cello Studios[edit] In 1999, Sides sold the Western half of the complex to computer magnate Rick Adams, who renamed it Cello Studios. Cello Studios operated at the 6000 Sunset complex from 1999-2005.[15] During that period, the studios hosted high-profile rock artists such as Blink-182, Rage Against the Machine, Tool, System of a Down, Weezer, Muse, Red Hot Chili Peppers, Audioslave, and The Mars Volta. Cello Studios closed in 2005.[15] When Allen Sides sold Western to Rick Adams, the equipment inventory was also purchased from Ocean Way Recording, including a collection of rare vintage microphones, as well as vintage outboard gear including valuable studio effects units such as the legendary Fairchild 670 limiters, no longer made, which were a crucial element of the sound of many classic pop recordings of the Fifties and Sixties. While the building was modified to accommodate the new facility's needs, the studios themselves have not been altered since Bill Putnam's original design. During this period, the studio played host to artists such as Alanis Morissette, Natalie Merchant, Elton John, R.E.M., Bette Midler, Barenaked Ladies, Stone Temple Pilots, Matthew Sweet, Mötley Crüe, Green Day and Blink-182. EastWest Studios[edit] Main article: EastWest Studios At the beginning of 2006, Cello Studios (originally Western) was purchased by EastWest producer Doug Rogers and renamed EastWest Studios. Rogers extensively remodeled the non-technical areas of the studio complex with designer Philippe Starck, but the studios themselves, with their famous acoustics, remain as originally built by Putnam in the 1960s and continue to operate to this day. Since 2012 EastWest Studios has racked up 73 Grammy nominations, more than any other recording studios in the world.[16] United Recording Studios[edit] In 2015, Ocean Way Recording was sold and renamed back to United Recording Studios.[citation needed] Timeline[edit]


Legacy[edit] Frank Sinatra made all his famous Reprise recordings—including hits like "It Was a Very Good Year", "That's Life"—in United A, and "Strangers In The Night"—in Western 1, and his Reprise records offices were located upstairs. Ray Charles cut his epoch-making country-soul crossover hit "I Can't Stop Loving You" and the LP Modern Sounds in Country and Western Music at United B. As well as the classic Pet Sounds, Western 3 was the venue for the recording of many other chart-topping pop hits, including The Mamas & the Papas' "California Dreamin'" and "Monday, Monday", The Grass Roots "Let's Live for Today" and "Midnight Confessions"[17] and "Hair" by The Cowsills. As well as those noted above, other famous artists who have recorded there include Blondie, Elvis Presley, Bobby Vee, The 5th Dimension, The Righteous Brothers, Barbra Streisand, Petula Clark, Ella Fitzgerald, Whitney Houston, Dean Martin, Sammy Davis, Jr., The Rolling Stones, Elton John, Tom Petty, R.E.M., k.d. lang, Madonna, Rod Stewart, Glen Campbell, Eric Clapton and Bonnie Raitt. Many film and television theme songs have been recorded in the studios at 6000 Sunset. The theme songs for Hawaii Five-O,[18] The Partridge Family,[19] The Beverly Hillbillies, and Green Acres were all recorded at Western Recorders.[20] Film soundtracks recorded at the studios include “That Thing You Do”,[21] “The Way We Were”,[22] “Roots”,[23] and “Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil”.[24] "My Love" by Petula Clark was the first Billboard number one song recorded at Western Studios.


References[edit] ^ Cogan, Jim (2003). Temples of Sound. San Francisco: Chronicle Books LLC. pp. 30–41. ISBN 0-8118-3394-1.  ^ Fact (July 15, 2015). "Animal Collective finish recording new album in iconic Pet Sounds studio". Factmag.  ^ https://www.pastemagazine.com/articles/2004/06/western-studios-hollywood-1966.html ^ Temples of Sound - Inside the Great Recording Studios By Jim Cogan and William Clark ^ "Phill Sawyer - recollections". precambrianmusic.com. Retrieved 17 February 2017.  ^ Galvin Preservation Associates. "LA City Planning - Historic Resource Report, Emerson College" (PDF). LA City Planning Website.  ^ "Studio Espresso".  ^ liquid-blue.com. "Western Recorders". archive.org. Retrieved 17 February 2017.  ^ Jim Cogan. "Bill Putnam". Mix Magazine.  ^ Hartman, Kent (2012). The Wrecking Crew: the inside story of rock and roll's best kept secret. Thomas Dunne Books. pp. throughout. ISBN 978-0-312-61974-9.  ^ "Wrecking Crew Contracts" (PDF).  ^ Elvis Presley's '68 Comeback Special ^ http://mixonline.com/recording/business/audio_bill_putnam_2/ ^ "Discogs United Western".  ^ a b "Discogs Cello".  ^ "EastWest Sounds - About Us". soundsonline.com. Retrieved 17 February 2017.  ^ "The Grass Roots at Western Recorders Photo".  ^ "Wrecking Crew Contracts Hawaii Five-O" (PDF).  ^ "Wrecking Crew Contracts Partridge Family" (PDF).  ^ "Joe Sidore Interview".  ^ "That Thing You Do soundtrack discography".  ^ "The Way We Were soundtrack discography".  ^ "Roots discography".  ^ "Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil soundtrack discography".  Los Angeles portal


External links[edit] The United Affiliates Newsletters v t e The Wrecking Crew Guitars James Burton Glen Campbell Al Casey Jerry Cole Mike Deasy René Hall Barney Kessel Bill Pitman Howard Roberts Louis Shelton P. F. Sloan Billy Strange Tommy Tedesco Electric bass Max Bennett Carol Kaye Larry Knechtel Joe Osborn Bill Pitman Ray Pohlman Upright bass Chuck Berghofer Jimmy Bond Lyle Ritz Red Callender Percussion Frank Capp Victor Feldman Milt Holland Joe Porcaro Julius Wechter Drums Hal Blaine Jim Gordon Jim Keltner Earl Palmer Keyboards Al De Lory Larry Knechtel Mike Melvoin Don Randi Dr. John Mike (Michel) Rubini Leon Russell Saxophone Gene Cipriano Steve Douglas Jim Horn Plas Johnson Jay Migliori Nino Tempo Trombone Richard "Slyde" Hyde Dick Nash Trumpet Bud Brisbois Roy Caton Chuck Findley Ollie Mitchell Tony Terran Related articles Gold Star Studios Jack Nitzsche Phil Spector Sunset Sound Recorders United Western Recorders Brian Wilson The Wrecking Crew (documentary) Category Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=United_Western_Recorders&oldid=815076395" Categories: Recording studios in CaliforniaAlbums recorded at United Western RecordersBuildings and structures in HollywoodSunset Boulevard (Los Angeles)Music of Los AngelesCompanies based in Los AngelesEntertainment companies based in CaliforniaEntertainment companies established in 1961Media companies established in 1961Media companies disestablished in 19841961 establishments in California1984 disestablishments in CaliforniaHidden categories: Coordinates not on WikidataAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from October 2015


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Geographic Coordinate SystemRecording StudioUnited Recording Corp.Ocean Way RecordingLos AngelesBill PutnamHollywoodUnited Recording Corp.Sunset BoulevardOcean Way RecordingUnited Recording StudiosEastWest StudiosBrian WilsonThe Beach BoysPet SoundsSmile (The Beach Boys Album)Brian WilsonUniversal AudioUniversal RecordingBing CrosbyFrank SinatraSunset BoulevardHollywoodFrank SinatraThe Beach BoysElvis PresleyBones HoweChuck BritzWally HeiderWally Heider StudiosNat King ColeRay CharlesSam CookePhil SpectorThe Mamas & The PapasStereophonicUniversal AudioMushroom StudiosCharlie Richmond (inventor)Ocean Way RecordingOcean Way RecordingRick Adams (Internet Pioneer)Cello StudiosBlink-182Rage Against The MachineTool (band)System Of A DownWeezerMuse (band)Red Hot Chili PeppersAudioslaveThe Mars VoltaOutboard GearAlanis MorissetteNatalie MerchantElton JohnR.E.M.Bette MidlerBarenaked LadiesStone Temple PilotsMatthew SweetMötley CrüeGreen DayBlink-182EastWest StudiosEastWest StudiosWikipedia:Citation NeededFrank SinatraReprise RecordsIt Was A Very Good YearRay CharlesPet SoundsThe Mamas & The PapasCalifornia Dreamin'Monday, MondayThe Grass RootsLet's Live For Today (song)Midnight ConfessionsBlondie (band)Elvis PresleyBobby VeeThe 5th DimensionThe Righteous BrothersBarbra StreisandPetula ClarkElla FitzgeraldWhitney HoustonDean MartinSammy Davis, Jr.The Rolling StonesElton JohnTom PettyR.E.M.K.d. LangMadonna (entertainer)Rod StewartGlen CampbellEric ClaptonBonnie RaittInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-8118-3394-1FactmagInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-312-61974-9Elvis Presley's '68 Comeback SpecialPortal:Los AngelesTemplate:The Wrecking CrewTemplate Talk:The Wrecking CrewThe Wrecking Crew (music)GuitarJames BurtonGlen CampbellAl Casey (rock Guitarist)Jerry ColeMike DeasyRené HallBarney KesselBill PitmanHoward RobertsLouis SheltonP. F. SloanBilly StrangeTommy TedescoElectric BassMax Bennett (musician)Carol KayeLarry KnechtelJoe OsbornBill PitmanRay PohlmanUpright BassChuck BerghoferJimmy Bond (musician)Lyle RitzRed CallenderPercussionFrank CappVictor FeldmanMilt HollandJoe PorcaroJulius WechterDrumsHal BlaineJim Gordon (musician)Jim KeltnerEarl PalmerKeyboardsAl De LoryLarry KnechtelMike MelvoinDon RandiDr. JohnMichel RubiniLeon RussellSaxophoneSteve Douglas (saxophonist)Jim HornPlas JohnsonJay MiglioriNino TempoTromboneDick Hyde (musician)Dick NashTrumpetBud BrisboisRoy CatonChuck FindleyOllie MitchellTony TerranGold Star StudiosJack NitzschePhil SpectorSunset Sound RecordersBrian WilsonThe Wrecking Crew (2008 Film)Category:The Wrecking Crew (music) MembersHelp:CategoryCategory:Recording Studios In CaliforniaCategory:Albums Recorded At United Western RecordersCategory:Buildings And Structures In HollywoodCategory:Sunset Boulevard (Los Angeles)Category:Music Of Los AngelesCategory:Companies Based In Los AngelesCategory:Entertainment Companies Based In CaliforniaCategory:Entertainment Companies Established In 1961Category:Media Companies Established In 1961Category:Media Companies Disestablished In 1984Category:1961 Establishments In CaliforniaCategory:1984 Disestablishments In CaliforniaCategory:Coordinates Not On WikidataCategory:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From October 2015Discussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer



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