Contents 1 Events leading to the agreement 2 Historical re-enactment 3 See also 4 References 5 External links


Events leading to the agreement[edit] On December 27, 1846, Fremont and the California Battalion, in their march south to Los Angeles, reached a deserted Santa Barbara and raised the American flag.[1] He occupied a hotel close to the adobe of Bernarda Ruiz de Rodriguez, a wealthy educated woman of influence and Santa Barbara town matriarch, who had four sons on the Mexican side. She asked for and was granted ten minutes of Fremont's time, which stretched to two hours; she advised him that a generous peace would be to his political advantage—one that included Pico's pardon, release of prisoners, equal rights for all Californians and respect of property rights. John C. Frémont Fremont later wrote, "I found that her object was to use her influence to put an end to the war, and to do so upon such just and friendly terms of compromise as would make the peace acceptable and enduring. ... She wished me to take into my mind this plan of settlement, to which she would influence her people; meantime, she urged me to hold my hand, so far as possible. ... I assured her I would bear her wishes in mind when the occasion came."[2][3] The next day, Bernarda accompanied Fremont as he continued the march south. Andrés Pico On January 8, 1847, Fremont arrived at San Fernando.[4] On January 10, the combined army of Commodore Robert Stockton and Brigadier General Stephen Kearny re-took Los Angeles with no resistance.[5] Fremont learned of the reoccupation the next day.[6] On January 12, Bernarda went alone to the camp of General Andres Pico and told him of the peace agreement she and Fremont had forged. Fremont and two of Pico's officers agreed to the terms for a surrender, and Articles of Capitulation were penned by Jose Antonio Carrillo in both English and Spanish .[7] The first seven articles in the treaty were nearly the verbatim suggestions offered by Bernarda Ruiz de Rodriguez. On January 13, at a rancho at the north end of Cahuenga Pass, with Bernarda Ruiz de Rodriguez present, John Fremont, Andres Pico and six others signed the Articles of Capitulation, which became known as the Treaty of Cahuenga. This treaty, between the ranking US army officer in the area and the Mexican military commander of the area, was made without the formal backing of either the American government in Washington or the Mexican government in Mexico City. Still, not only was it eventually honored by both national governments, it was immediately and permanently observed by the local American and Californio populations. Fighting ceased, thus ending the war in California.[8] On January 14, the California Battalion entered Los Angeles in a rainstorm, and Fremont delivered the treaty to Commodore Robert Stockton.[9] Kearny and Stockton decided to accept the liberal terms offered by Frémont to terminate hostilities, despite Andres Pico having broken his earlier pledge that he would not fight U.S. forces. The next day Stockton approved the Treaty of Cahuenga in a message that he sent to the Secretary of the Navy.[9]


Historical re-enactment[edit] In celebration, on or around the date of the original signing, a historical ceremony is conducted at Campo de Cahuenga State Historic Park and site.[10] From time to time, some of the descendants have appeared, along with actors to re-create this historical moment.


See also[edit] Cahuenga, California; Tongva settlement.


References[edit] ^ Walker, Dale L. (1999). Bear Flag Rising: The Conquest of California, 1846. New York: Macmillan. p. 235. ISBN 0312866852.  ^ "Campo de Cahuenga, the Birthplace of California". Retrieved 24 August 2014.  ^ "L.A. Then and Now: Woman Helped Bring a Peaceful End to Mexican-American War". Los Angeles Times. 5 May 2002.  ^ Walker p. 239 ^ Walker p. 242 ^ Walker p. 245 ^ Walker p. 246 ^ Meares, Hadley (11 July 2014). "In a State of Peace and Tranquility: Campo de Cahuenga and the Birth of American California". Retrieved 24 Aug 2014.  ^ a b Walker p. 249 ^ "Campo de Cahuenga – Events". Retrieved January 11, 2018. 


External links[edit] Mark J. Denger, "The Treaty of Campo de Cahuenga" Wikisource has original text related to this article: Treaty of Campo de Cahuenga Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Treaty_of_Cahuenga&oldid=820223312" Categories: Treaties of the Mexican–American War1847 treatiesConquest of CaliforniaMexican CaliforniaHistory of the San Fernando ValleyHistory of Los Angeles1847 in Alta California1847 in Mexico1847 in California19th century in Los AngelesTreaties of the Second Federal Republic of MexicoTreaties of the United States


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EnlargeMexican–American WarAlta CaliforniaCaliforniosJosé Antonio CarrilloJohn C. FrémontList Of Pre-statehood Governors Of CaliforniaAndrés PicoCampo De CahuengaUniversal City, CaliforniaRanchos Of CaliforniaTreaty Of Guadalupe HidalgoMexicoAlta CaliforniaUnited StatesTexasRio GrandeCalifornia State AssemblyCalifornia State SenateCalifornia State LegislatureCalifornia BattalionBernarda Ruiz De RodriguezEnlargeEnlargeRobert F. StocktonStephen W. KearnyCampo De CahuengaCahuenga, CaliforniaTongva PeopleInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0312866852WikisourceHelp:CategoryCategory:Treaties Of The Mexican–American WarCategory:1847 TreatiesCategory:Conquest Of CaliforniaCategory:Mexican CaliforniaCategory:History Of The San Fernando ValleyCategory:History Of Los AngelesCategory:1847 In Alta CaliforniaCategory:1847 In MexicoCategory:1847 In CaliforniaCategory:19th Century In Los AngelesCategory:Treaties Of The Second Federal Republic Of MexicoCategory:Treaties Of The United StatesDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer



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