Contents 1 Roads and expressways 2 Airports 2.1 Suburban airports and airfields 2.2 Proposed airports 3 Transit systems 3.1 Chicago Transit Authority 3.2 Bus services 3.2.1 Suburban 3.2.2 Inter-city 3.3 Rail services 3.3.1 Commuter 3.3.2 Inter-city 3.4 Tourist trolleys 3.5 Chicago Public Transportation Statistics 4 Taxis 5 By water 5.1 Commercial shipping 5.2 Passenger ferry service 5.3 Recreational boating 6 Cycling 6.1 Bicycles on transit 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Roads and expressways[edit] Main article: Roads and expressways in Chicago

Airports[edit] O'Hare International Airport, which is the second busiest airport in the world by one measure[citation needed], is a major airport serving numerous domestic and international destinations. It is a hub for United Airlines and American Airlines. Construction is underway for a major expansion. This airport is statistically one of the busiest in the United States[citation needed]. Midway Airport serves primarily domestic destinations. It is a major focus city for Southwest Airlines. There are several other smaller commercial airports in the Chicago area, these include: Gary/Chicago International Airport in Gary, Indiana, located about 25 miles SE from the Chicago loop. It is operating as the de facto "third airport" for the Chicago area. While the airport's current operations do not include scheduled commercial passenger service, the administration is marketing to airlines and in talks with the U.S. Customs and Border Protection. Recently completed field improvements included extending the main runway to 8,859 feet, longer than any at Midway by some 2,000 feet. Corporations including Boeing and White Lodging Services base their corporate fleets here, and there are two Fixed Base Operators (FBO). The National Guard has constructed facilities to base their Chicago metropolitan area air operations here as well. Chicago Rockford International Airport in Rockford, which supports scheduled airline service to Denver, Cancun, Punta Cana, West Palm Beach, Punta Gorda, Las Vegas, Orlando-Sanford, Phoenix/Mesa, and St. Petersburg/Clearwater. Rockford officials are positioning the airport to attract customers from Chicago's western suburbs. A public heliport called Chicago Vertiport opened in 2015 near the Illinois Medical District.[1][2] General Mitchell International Airport in Milwaukee is also used by residents of Chicago's northern suburbs looking to avoid the congestion of the two main Chicago airports.[3] South Bend International Airport in South Bend, Indiana is connected to downtown Chicago via a South Shore Line station. Suburban airports and airfields[edit] Name IATA Airport Code ICAO Airport Code Location Aurora Municipal Airport AUZ KARR Sugar Grove, Illinois Clow International Airport 1C5 K1C5 Bolingbrook, Illinois Chicago Executive Airport (formerly Palwaukee) PWK KPWK Wheeling, Illinois DuPage Airport DPA KDPA West Chicago, Illinois Lewis University Airport LOT KLOT Romeoville, Illinois Schaumburg Regional Airport 06C (none) Schaumburg, Illinois Waukegan Regional Airport UGN KUGN Waukegan, Illinois Proposed airports[edit] A Proposed Chicago south suburban airport has been proposed as a regional airport in far-south-suburban Peotone, Illinois.

Transit systems[edit] Chicago Transit Authority[edit] The Chicago Transit Authority, or CTA, one of three service boards within the Regional Transportation Authority, operates the second largest public transportation system in the United States (to New York's Metropolitan Transportation Authority) and covers the City of Chicago and 40 surrounding suburbs. The CTA operates 24 hours a day and, on an average weekday, 1.6 million rides are taken on the CTA. City of Chicago bus stop, served by CTA buses, with 3D ad CTA has approximately 2,000 buses that operate over 152 routes and 2,273 route miles (3,658 km). Buses provide about 1 million passenger trips a day and serve more than 12,000 posted bus stops. CTA's 1,190 rapid transit cars operate eight routes and 222 miles (357 km) of track. CTA trains provide about 745,000 customer trips each day and serve 144 stations in Chicago, Evanston, Skokie, Wilmette, Rosemont, Forest Park, Oak Park, and Cicero. The rapid transit system is known as the "Chicago 'L'" or variations of 'L', "El", or "el" to Chicagoans. Chicago is one of the few cities in the United States that provides rapid transit service to two major airports. From the downtown area, the Blue Line provides transportation to O'Hare International Airport in about 40 minutes, while the Orange Line takes customers to Midway Airport in about 30 minutes from the Loop. Bus services[edit] Suburban[edit] Pace, another service board within the Regional Transportation Authority, operates a primarily-suburban bus service that also offers some routes into Chicago. Inter-city[edit] Several intercity bus companies offer service to other cities in Illinois and across the United States. Most operate to and from the Greyhound Lines terminal, located at 630 West Harrison Street (corner of Des Plaines Street). Greyhound Lines operates the majority of the inter-city bus service to and from Chicago, with routes connecting Chicago with Indianapolis, Cincinnati, Louisville, Nashville, Atlanta, Cleveland, Pittsburgh, Washington, New York, Detroit, Toronto, Milwaukee, Green Bay, Madison, Minneapolis, St. Louis, Memphis, intermediate points, and connecting with other points beyond. Both Barons Bus Lines and Miller Transportation connect Chicago with Fort Wayne and Columbus. Indian Trails connects Chicago with Kalamazoo, Lansing, Flint, and Bay City. Burlington Trailways connects Chicago with Rockford, Dubuque, Davenport, Burlington, Des Moines, Omaha, and Denver. Other inter-city bus companies use their own separate inter-city bus terminals. Megabus, a subsidiary of Coach USA, departs from a curbside bus stop near Union Station, on Canal Street south of Jackson Boulevard, and connects Chicago with Indianapolis, Cincinnati, Louisville, Nashville, Cleveland, Columbus, Cleveland, Detroit, Milwaukee, Madison, Minneapolis, Des Moines, Omaha, St. Louis, Memphis, Kansas City, intermediate points, and connecting with other points beyond. Van Galder Bus Company, another subsidiary of Coach USA, departs from a curbside bus stop at Union Station, on Canal Street north of Jackson Boulevard, and connects Chicago with Rockford and Madison. Several bus companies catering to Hispanic passengers connect Chicago with points in Texas, and with connections throughout Mexico. These companies include El Expreso Bus Company, Omnibus Express, Los Paisanos Autobuses, Tornado Bus Company, and Turimex Internacional. Rail services[edit] See also: Railroad terminals of Chicago Commuter[edit] Metra train at Ogilvie Transportation Center Metra is Chicago's commuter railroad, with eleven lines that serve 200+ stations across Cook County and the five collar counties. Unlike the 'L' lines, fare pricing is based on zones instead of a flat boarding fee. In addition, being mainly commuter rail service, frequent service is generally only provided during rush hours, although Metra is known for its speed and reliability. There are eleven lines, three of which also have service along additional branch lines: in addition to the main lines, the Metra Electric District has two branches, and the Rock Island District and Union Pacific Northwest have one branch each. Each line connects into one of four different downtown stations: Union Pacific North, West, and Northwest arrive in the Richard B. Ogilvie Transportation Center (known more casually as the "North Western Station"); Milwaukee District North and West, North Central Service, SouthWest Service, BNSF Railway, and Heritage Corridor converge in Union Station (which is also the nexus of Amtrak); the Rock Island District arrives in the LaSalle Street Station; and the Metra Electric District arrives in Millennium Station (formerly Randolph Street Terminal). The Metra Electric District is Chicago's oldest continuing commuter train (1856), and shares the railway with the South Shore Line, operated by the Northwest Indiana Commuter Transit District ("NICTD"), which is a separate but analogous quasi-governmental entity, partially funded by the RTA. The South Shore Line is an interurban railroad that operates between Chicago and South Bend, Indiana. Like the Metra Electric District, it arrives and departs from Millennium Station. Inter-city[edit] Amtrak's Empire Builder departs Union Station. Amtrak owns and operates Union Station which is a major intercity passenger rail hub with connections to Metra and the 'L.' Before Amtrak's takeover of passenger service in 1971, trains ran out of Central Station, Dearborn Station, LaSalle Street Station, Chicago and North Western Terminal as well as Union Station. Tourist trolleys[edit] The City of Chicago offered free tourist trolleys that served the downtown area.[4] The "trolleys" were actually buses painted to look like historical streetcars. They ran every 20 to 30 minutes and served areas popular with tourists that didn't have 'L' stations, such as the Museum Campus, Navy Pier, and the Magnificent Mile. The Free Trolley service was permanently discontinued in 2009. The free trolleys shouldn't be confused with the private-sector Chicago Trolley Company, which offers guided tours and charge fares. They serve different routes but largely the same downtown area. Their vehicles are also buses rather than real trolleys. Chicago Public Transportation Statistics[edit] The average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit in Chicago, for example to and from work, on a weekday is 86 min. 28.% of public transit riders, ride for more than 2 hours every day. The average amount of time people wait at a stop or station for public transit is 15 min, while 21% of riders wait for over 20 minutes on average every day. The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 10.1 km, while 28.% travel for over 12 km in a single direction. [5]

Taxis[edit] Chicago taxicabs are privately operated under a medallion license from the city. Chicago taxi regulations were revamped in a 2012 reform package backed by Mayor Rahm Emanuel; the package raised the "flag pull" initial hire charge by $1, mandated credit card readers and GPS, and placed new limits on fleet age.[6] City and private initiatives have increased the proportion of hybrid and alternative fuel vehicles from less than one percent to over 74 percent of the city's cab fleet since 2008.[7]

By water[edit] Chicago waterways are used extensively for commercial shipping, passenger ferry service, and recreational boating. Navigable waterways within Chicago include Lake Michigan, the Chicago River, the Calumet River, and the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal. In part, these waterways comprise the Chicago Area Waterway System, which forms the only inland link between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River. This potential link was a major factor in the establishment of Chicago itself. Commercial shipping[edit] The Port of Chicago, once centered on the Chicago River but since moved to the Lake Calumet area, is responsible for Chicago's commercial shipping traffic.[8] Passenger ferry service[edit] Water taxi in Chicago Passenger ferry service in Chicago is handled by commercial water taxis operating on defined routes on published schedules. Shoreline Sightseeing offers water taxi service along the Chicago River with stops at Navy Pier, Michigan Avenue, and Adams Street. They offer a separate route from Navy Pier to the Museum Campus. Wendella Boats operates the Chicago Water Taxi which offers scheduled service along the Chicago River with stops at Michigan Avenue, Clark Street, Madison Street (Ogilvie and Union train stations), Chicago Avenue, North Avenue, and Ping Tom Park in Chinatown. Recreational boating[edit] Recreational boat traffic in Chicago includes tour boats, sailboats, powerboats, electric boats, canoes, and kayaks. This traffic originates from numerous private and commercial marinas and slips, and the Chicago Park District operates a municipal harbor system for the seasonal storage of recreational watercraft in Lake Michigan. With accommodations for 6000 boats, it is the largest system of its kind in the nation. Boat rentals are available on both the Chicago River and within harbors on Lake Michigan.

Cycling[edit] Cyclists commuting on the Kinzie cycle track in Chicago Main article: Cycling in Chicago Chicago maintains a 290-mile network of bikeways - including shared use paths, cycle tracks, and bike lanes - for private, public, and commercial bicycle use. Bicycles are allowed to operate on all Chicago roadways, except limited access highways. A bicycle sharing system known as Divvy operates thousands of public bikes at 580 stations in Chicago, Evanston, and Oak Park.[9] Pedicabs are available for hire at various locations and events around Chicago with high pedestrian traffic. Bicycles are available for rent at rental shops concentrated along the lakefront in the Loop and Near North Side community areas. Several delivery companies operate bicycle courier services mainly in the Loop area. Bicycles on transit[edit] Bicycles are permitted on CTA buses via front-mounted bicycle racks and onboard CTA trains weekdays excluding the rush-hours from 7-9 a.m. and 4-6 p.m. On weekends and holidays, bicycles are allowed on trains all day except for special events.[10] Bicycles are allowed onboard Metra commuter rail service during off-peak and non-event times and in reverse peak directions during rush hours.[11] Bicycles are only allowed on designated South Shore Line commuter rail service trains as part of a pilot program active during non-winter months.[12] Bicycles are allowed on water taxis during off-peak and weekend hours.[13]

See also[edit] Chicago portal Aviation portal Chicago City Railway Taxicabs of Chicago

References[edit] ^ Huber, Mark. "Construction Under Way at Two New Chicago Heliports" AINonline, 14 October 2014. Accessed: 19 October 2014. ^ Mark, Robert P. (2 May 2015). "Chicago Vertiport Opens for Business". Aviation International News. Retrieved 6 May 2015.  ^ "Mitchell Offers Delay-Weary Chicago Travelers Timely Alternative". Mitchell Memo. Mitchell International Airport. September 2004.  ^ "Chicago free trolleys". [dead link] ^ "Chicago Public Transportation Statistics". Global Public Transit Index by Moovit. Retrieved June 19, 2017.  Material was copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. ^ "City Council Approves Mayor's Taxi Reforms". Retrieved 21 July 2016.  ^ "Chicago says taxi medallion auction to raise $18M". Retrieved 21 July 2016.  ^ "Illinois International Port District - Overview/History". Illinois International Port District. Retrieved 22 June 2016.  ^ "ABOUT DIVVY". Divvy. Retrieved 22 June 2016.  ^ "Bike & Ride". Chicago Transit Authority. Archived from the original on 6 February 2018. Retrieved 6 February 2018.  ^ "Bikes on Trains". Metra. Archived from the original on 6 February 2018. Retrieved 6 February 2018.  ^ "Bikes on Trains". South Shore Line. Archived from the original on 6 February 2018. Retrieved 6 February 2018.  ^ "Frequently Asked Questions". Chicago Water Taxi. Archived from the original on 6 February 2018. Retrieved 6 February 2018. 

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