Contents 1 Award categories 2 History 2.1 The medallion 3 Details of the Tony Awards 3.1 Rules for a new play or musical 3.2 Committees and voters 3.3 Eligibility date (Season) 3.4 Broadway theatre 4 Criticism 5 Award milestones 6 See also 7 References 8 External links


Award categories[edit] As of 2014[update], there are 26 categories of awards, plus several special awards. Starting with 11 awards in 1947, the names and number of categories have changed over the years. Some examples: the category Best Book of a Musical was originally called "Best Author (Musical)". The category of Best Costume Design was one of the original awards. For two years, in 1960 and 1961, this category was split into Best Costume Designer (Dramatic) and Best Costume Designer (Musical). It then went to a single category, but in 2005 it was divided again. For the category of Best Director of a Play, a single category was for directors of plays and musicals prior to 1960.[9] A newly established non-competitive award, The Isabelle Stevenson Award, was given for the first time at the awards ceremony in 2009. The award is for an individual who has made a "substantial contribution of volunteered time and effort on behalf of one or more humanitarian, social service or charitable organizations".[10] The category of Best Special Theatrical Event was retired as of the 2009–2010 season.[11] The categories of Best Sound Design of a Play and Best Sound Design of a Musical were retired as of the 2014-2015 season.[12] On April 24, 2017, the Tony Awards administration committee announced that the Sound Design Award would be reintroduced for the 2017-2018 season.[13] Performance categories Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Play Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Play Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Musical Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Play Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Play Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical Show and technical categories Best Musical Best Revival of a Musical Best Direction of a Musical Best Book of a Musical Best Original Score Best Orchestrations Best Choreography Best Scenic Design in a Musical Best Costume Design in a Musical Best Lighting Design in a Musical Best Sound Design of a Musical Best Play Best Revival of a Play Best Direction of a Play Best Scenic Design in a Play Best Costume Design in a Play Best Lighting Design in a Play Best Sound Design of a Play Special awards Regional Theatre Tony Award Special Tony Award (includes Lifetime Achievement Award) Tony Honors for Excellence in Theatre Isabelle Stevenson Award Retired awards Best Author Best Conductor and Musical Director Best Costume Design (split into two categories: Best Costume Design in a Musical and Best Costume Design in a Play) Best Lighting Design (split into two categories: Best Lighting Design in a Musical and Best Lighting Design in a Play) Best Newcomer Best Revival (split into two categories: Best Revival of a Musical and Best Revival of a Play) Best Scenic Design (split into two categories: Best Scenic Design in a Musical and Best Scenic Design in a Play) Best Stage Technician Best Special Theatrical Event Best Director (split into two categories: Best Direction of a Musical and Best Direction of a Play)


History[edit] Main article: List of Tony Awards ceremonies Former logo The award was founded in 1947 by a committee of the American Theatre Wing headed by Brock Pemberton. The award is named after Antoinette Perry, nicknamed Tony, an actress, director, producer and co-founder of the American Theatre Wing, who died in 1946.[14] As her official biography at the Tony Awards website states, "At [Warner Bros. story editor] Jacob Wilk's suggestion, [Pemberton] proposed an award in her honor for distinguished stage acting and technical achievement. At the initial event in 1947, as he handed out an award, he called it a Tony. The name stuck."[15] The first awards ceremony was held on April 6, 1947, at the Waldorf Astoria hotel in New York City.[16] The first prizes were "a scroll, cigarette lighter and articles of jewelry such as 14-carat gold compacts and bracelets for the women, and money clips for the men."[17] It was not until the third awards ceremony in 1949 that the first Tony medallion was given to award winners.[17] Awarded by a panel of approximately 868 voters (as of 2014)[18] from various areas of the entertainment industry and press. Since 1967, the award ceremony has been broadcast on U.S. national television and includes songs from the nominated musicals, and occasionally has included video clips of, or presentations about, nominated plays. The American Theatre Wing and The Broadway League jointly present and administer the awards. Audience size for the telecast is generally well below that of the Academy Awards shows, but the program reaches an affluent audience, which is prized by advertisers. According to a June 2003 article in The New York Times: "What the Tony broadcast does have, say CBS officials, is an all-important demographic: rich and smart. Jack Sussman, CBS's senior vice president in charge of specials, said the Tony show sold almost all its advertising slots shortly after CBS announced it would present the three hours. 'It draws upscale premium viewers who are attractive to upscale premium advertisers,' Mr. Sussman said..."[19][20] The viewership has declined from the early years of its broadcast history (for example, the number of viewers in 1974 was 20,026,000, in 1999 9,155,000) but has settled into between six and eight million viewers for most of the decade of the 2000s.[21] In contrast, the 2009 Oscar telecast had 36.3 million viewers.[22] The medallion[edit] The Tony Award medallion was designed by art director Herman Rosse and is a mix of mostly brass and a little bronze, with a nickel plating on the outside; a black acrylic glass base, and the nickel-plated pewter swivel.[23] The face of the medallion portrays an adaptation of the comedy and tragedy masks. Originally, the reverse side had a relief profile of Antoinette Perry; this later was changed to contain the winner's name, award category, production and year. The medallion has been mounted on a black base since 1967.[24][25] A larger base was introduced in time for the 2010 award ceremony. The new base is slightly taller – 5 inches (13 cm), up from 3 1⁄4 inches (8.3 cm) – and heavier – 3 1⁄2 pounds (1.6 kg), up from 1 1⁄2 pounds (680 grams). This change was implemented to make the award "feel more substantial" and easier to handle at the moment the award is presented to the winners. According to Howard Sherman, the executive director of the American Theatre Wing: We know the physical scale of the Oscars, Emmys and Grammys he said. While we're not attempting to keep up with the Joneses, we felt this is a significant award, and it could feel and look a bit more significant... By adding height, now someone can grip the Tony, raise it over their head in triumph and not worry about keeping their grip he said. Believe me, you can tell the difference.[26] For the specific Tony Awards presented to a Broadway production, awards are given to the author and up to two of the producers free of charge. All other members of the above-the-title producing team are eligible to purchase the physical award. Sums collected are designed to help defray the cost of the Tony Awards ceremony itself. An award cost $400 as of at least 2000, $750 as of at least 2009, and, as of 2013, had been $2,500 "for several years", according to Tony Award Productions.[27]


Details of the Tony Awards[edit] Source: Tony Awards Official Site, Rules[18] Rules for a new play or musical[edit] For the purposes of the award, a new play or musical is one that has not previously been produced on Broadway and is not "determined to be 'classic' or in the historical or popular repertoire", as determined by the Administration Committee (per Section (2g) of the Rules and Regulations).[4] The rule about "classic" productions was instituted by the Tony Award Administration Committee in 2002, and stated (in summary) "A play or musical that is determined ... to be a 'classic' or in the historical or popular repertoire shall not be eligible for an Award in the Best Play or Best Musical Category but may be eligible in that appropriate Best Revival category."[28] Shows transferred from Off-Broadway or the West End are eligible as "new", as are productions based closely on films. This rule has been the subject of some controversy, as some shows have been ruled ineligible for the "new" category, meaning that their authors did not have a chance to win the important awards of Best Play or Best Musical (or Best Score or Best Book for musicals). On the other hand, some people[who?] feel that allowing plays and musicals that have been frequently produced to be eligible as "new" gives them an unfair advantage, because they will have benefited from additional development time as well as additional familiarity with the Tony voters. Committees and voters[edit] The Tony Awards Administration Committee has twenty-four members: ten designated by the American Theatre Wing, ten by The Broadway League, and one each by the Dramatists Guild, Actors' Equity Association, United Scenic Artists and the Society of Stage Directors and Choreographers. This committee, among other duties, determines eligibility for nominations in all awards categories.[29] The Tony Awards Nominating Committee makes the nominations for the various categories. This rotating group of theatre professionals is selected by the Tony Awards Administration Committee. Nominators serve three-year terms and are asked to see every new Broadway production.[30] The Nominating Committee for the 2012-13 Broadway season (named in June 2012) had 42 members;[31] the Nominating Committee for the 2014-2015 season has 50 members and was appointed in June 2014.[30] There are approximately 868 eligible Tony Award voters (as of 2014),[18] a number that changes slightly from year to year. The number was decreased in 2009 when the first-night critics were excluded as voters.[32][33] That decision was changed, and members of the New York Drama Critics' Circle were invited to be Tony voters beginning in the 2010-2011 season.[34] The eligible Tony voters include the board of directors and designated members of the advisory committee of the American Theatre Wing, members of the governing boards of Actors' Equity Association, the Dramatists Guild, the Society of Stage Directors and Choreographers, United Scenic Artists, and the Association of Theatrical Press Agents and Managers, members of the Theatrical Council of the Casting Society of America and voting members of The Broadway League (in 2000, what was then The League of American Theaters and Producers changed membership eligibility and Tony voting status from a life-time honor to all above-the-title producers, to ones who had been active in the previous 10 years. This action disenfranchised scores of Tony voters, including Gail Berman, Harve Brosten, Dick Button, Tony Lo Bianco, and Raymond Serra). Eligibility date (Season)[edit] To be eligible for Tony Award consideration, a production must have officially opened on Broadway by the eligibility date that the Management Committee establishes each year. For example, the cut-off date for eligibility the 2013–2014 season was April 24, 2014.[35] The season for Tony Award eligibility is defined in the Rules and Regulations. Broadway theatre[edit] A Broadway theatre is defined as having 500 or more seats, among other requirements. While the rules define a Broadway theatre in terms of its size, not its geographical location, the list of Broadway theatres is determined solely by the Tony Awards Administration Committee. As of the 2016–2017 season, the list consisted solely of the 41 theaters located in the vicinity of Times Square in New York City and Lincoln Center's Vivian Beaumont Theater.[36][37]


Criticism[edit] While the theatre-going public may consider the Tony Awards to be the Oscars of live theatre, critics have suggested that the Tony Awards are primarily a promotional vehicle for a small number of large production companies and theatre owners in New York City.[38][39] In a 2014 Playbill article, Robert Simonson wrote that "Who gets to perform on the Tony Awards broadcast, what they get to perform, and for how long, have long been politically charged questions in the Broadway theatre community..." The producers "accept the situation ... because just as much as actually winning a Tony, a performance that lands well with the viewing public can translate into big box-office sales." Producer Robyn Goodman noted that, if the presentation at the ceremony shows well and the show wins a Tony, "you’re going to spike at the box office". [40] The awards met further criticism when they eliminated the sound design awards in 2014.[41] In 2014, a petition calling for the return of the Sound Design categories received more than 30,000 signatures.[42] Addressing their previous concerns over Tony voters[43] in the category, it was announced that upon the awards' return for the 2017-2018 season, they would be decided by a subset of voters based on their expertise.[13][44][45]


Award milestones[edit] Some notable records and facts about the Tony Awards include the following:[46] Productions Nominations: The most Tony nominations ever received by a single production was the musical Hamilton (2016) with 16 nominations in 13 categories, narrowly passing the previous holders of this record, The Producers (2001; 15 nominations in 12 categories) and Billy Elliot (2009; 15 nominations in 13 categories). Wins: The most Tony Awards ever received by a single production was the musical The Producers (2001) with 12 awards, including Best Musical. Non-musical wins: The most Tonys ever received by a non-musical play was The Coast of Utopia (2007) with 7 Awards, including Best Play. Most nominated with fewest wins: The musical The Scottsboro Boys (2011) was nominated for 12 Tony Awards but did not win any.[47] It also holds the record for most nominations for a closed show (having closed nearly six months before the Tony Awards). Three productions, all musicals, have won all "big six" awards for their category: South Pacific (1950 awards), Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street (1979 Awards) and Hairspray (2003 awards);[48] each won the Best Musical, Best Score, Best Book, Best Performance by a Leading Actor, Best Performance by a Leading Actress and Best Direction awards. Acting Awards: Only one production, South Pacific (1950 awards), has won all four of the acting Awards in a single year. Words and Music: Only five musicals have won the Tony Award for Best Musical when a person had (co-)written the Book (non-sung dialogue and storyline) and the Score (music and lyrics): 1958 winner The Music Man (Meredith Willson – award for Book and Score did not exist that year), 1986 winner The Mystery of Edwin Drood (Rupert Holmes – who also won for Book and Score), 1996 winner Rent (Jonathan Larson – who also won for Book and Score), 2011 winner The Book of Mormon (Trey Parker, Robert Lopez, and Matt Stone also won for Book and Score), and 2016 winner Hamilton (Lin-Manuel Miranda also won for Book and Score). Design Awards: Eight shows have swept the Design Awards (original 3 of Best Scenic Design, Best Costume Design, Best Lighting Design – joined by Best Sound Design starting in 2008): Follies (1972), The Phantom of the Opera (1986), The Lion King (1998), The Producers (2001), The Light in the Piazza (2005), The Coast of Utopia (2007), the 2008 revival of South Pacific (first to sweep the expanded four awards for Creative Arts) and Peter and the Starcatcher (first straight play to sweep the expanded four awards for Creative Arts) (2012). Revivals: Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller in 2012 became the first show (play or musical) to win as Best Production in four different years, Best Play at the 1949 awards, Best Revival at the 1984 awards (before the Best Revival award was split into two categories for Play and Musical in 1994), and Best Revival of a Play at the 1999 and 2012 awards. La Cage aux Folles made history as the first musical to win as Best Production in three different years, Best Musical at the 1984 awards and Best Revival of a Musical at both the 2005 awards and the 2010 awards. Individuals Wins: Harold Prince has won 21 Tony Awards, more than anyone else, including eight for Best Direction of a Musical, eight for Best Musical, two for Best Producer of a Musical, and three special Tony Awards. Tommy Tune has won ten Tony Awards including three for direction, four for choreography, two for performing, and one special Tony Award. Stephen Sondheim has won more Tony Awards than any other composer, with eight. Bob Fosse has won the most Tonys for choreography, also eight. Oliver Smith has won a record eight scenic design Tony Awards. Jules Fisher has won the most lighting design awards, also eight. Audra McDonald has the most performance Tony Awards with six. Terrence McNally and Tom Stoppard are the most awarded writers with four Tonys each; McNally has won Best Play twice and Best Book of a Musical twice, while Stoppard has won Best Play four times. Most nominations: Julie Harris and Chita Rivera have been nominated more often than any other performer, a total of ten times. Performers in two categories: Five performers have been nominated in two acting categories in the same year: Amanda Plummer, Dana Ivey, Kate Burton, Jan Maxwell, and Mark Rylance. Plummer in 1982 was nominated for Best Actress in a Play for A Taste of Honey and Best Featured Actress in a Play for Agnes of God, for which she won. Ivey in 1984 was nominated as Best Featured Actress in Musical for Sunday in the Park with George and Best Featured Actress in a Play for Heartbreak House. In 2002, Burton was nominated for Best Actress in Play for Hedda Gabler and Best Featured Actress in a Play for The Elephant Man. Maxwell was nominated in 2010 for Best Actress in a Play for The Royal Family and Best Featured Actress in a Play for Lend Me a Tenor. Rylance was nominated in 2014 for Best Actor in a Play for Richard III and Best Featured Actor in a Play for Twelfth Night, for which he won. Performers in all categories: Five performers have been nominated for all four performance awards for which a performer is eligible. Boyd Gaines was the first performer to be nominated for each of Best Featured Actor in a Play in The Heidi Chronicles (1989), Best Actor in a Musical for She Loves Me (1994), Best Featured Actor in a Musical for Contact (2000) and Gypsy (2008) and Best Actor in a Play for Journey's End (2007). Gaines won in three of the categories (and four of the five nominations), missing only for the performance in Journey's End. Raúl Esparza was the second performer to be nominated in all four categories (no wins), achieving this over a mere six seasons: Best Featured Actor in a Musical for Taboo (2004), Best Actor in a Musical for Company (2007), Best Featured Actor in a Play for The Homecoming (2008), and Best Actor in a Play for Speed-the-Plow (2009). Angela Lansbury was the third performer to be nominated for all four performance awards. She won Best Actress in a Musical for Mame (1966), Dear World (1969), Gypsy (1975), and Sweeney Todd (1979). She was nominated for Best Actress in a Play for Deuce (2007). She won Best Featured Actress in a Play for Blithe Spirit (2009). She was nominated for Featured Actress in a Musical for A Little Night Music (2010). Jan Maxwell became the fourth performer to achieve this distinction by being nominated for Best Featured Actress in a Musical for Chitty Chitty Bang Bang (2005), Best Featured Actress in a Play for Coram Boy (2007) and Lend Me a Tenor (2010), Best Actress in a Play for The Royal Family (2010), and Best Actress in a Musical for Follies (2012). Audra McDonald became the fifth performer to accomplish the feat and the first to win in all four categories, winning Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical for Carousel (1994) and Ragtime (1998), Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Play for Master Class (1996) and A Raisin in the Sun (2004), Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical for Porgy and Bess (2012), and Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Play for Lady Day at Emerson's Bar and Grill (2014). She was nominated for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical for Marie Christine (2000) and 110 in the Shade (2007). Performers Playing Opposite Sex: While several performers have won Tonys for roles that have involved cross dressing, only four have won for playing a character of the opposite sex: Mary Martin in the title role of Peter Pan (1955), Harvey Fierstein as Edna Turnblad in Hairspray (2003), Mark Rylance as Olivia in Twelfth Night (2014), and Lena Hall as Yitzhak in Hedwig and the Angry Inch (2014). In 2000, Australian actor Barry Humphries won the Special Tony Award for a live theatrical event at the 55th Annual Tony Awards for Dame Edna: The Royal Tour. Shared Performances: All three of the young actors who shared the duties of performing the lead character in Billy Elliot the Musical (2009 awards) – David Alvarez, Trent Kowalik and Kiril Kulish – also shared a single nomination, then shared the win, for Best Actor in a Musical. Previously, the only prior joint winners were John Kani and Winston Ntshona, who shared the Best Actor in a Play award in 1975 for Sizwe Banzi is Dead and The Island, two plays they co-wrote and co-starred in. Both sexes in one role: Ben Vereen and Patina Miller both won, respectively, Best Actor in a Musical in 1972 and Best Actress in a Musical in 2013 for the role of the Leading Player in Pippin, marking the first time the same role has been won by both a male and a female in a Broadway production. Writing and performing: Two people have won Tonys as an author and as a performer. Harvey Fierstein won Best Play and Best Lead Actor in a Play for Torch Song Trilogy (1983), Best Book of a Musical for La Cage aux Folles, and Best Lead Actor in a Musical for Hairspray. Tracy Letts, the author of 2008 Best Play August: Osage County, won Best Lead Actor in a Play for Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (2013). Firsts First female author to win Best Play: Frances Goodrich with her partner (and husband) Albert Hackett for The Diary of Anne Frank in 1956. First African-American to win Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical: Diahann Carroll for No Strings in 1962. First African-American to win Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Play: James Earl Jones for The Great White Hope in 1969. First African-American to win Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Musical: Cleavon Little for Purlie in 1970. First African-American author to win Best Play: Joseph A. Walker for The River Niger in 1974. First Asian-American author to win Best Play: David Henry Hwang for M Butterfly in 1988. First Asian-American to win Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Play: B. D. Wong for M Butterfly in 1988. First female author to solely win Best Play: Wendy Wasserstein for The Heidi Chronicles in 1989. First Asian to win Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical: Lea Salonga for Miss Saigon in 1991. First female to win Best Direction of a Musical: Julie Taymor for The Lion King in 1998. First female to win Best Direction of a Play: Garry Hynes for The Beauty Queen of Leenane in 1998. First African-American to win Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Play: Phylicia Rashad for A Raisin in the Sun in 2004. First female to solely win Tony Award for Best Score: Cyndi Lauper for Kinky Boots in 2013. First Asian-American to win Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical: Ruthie Ann Miles for The King and I in 2015. First female team to win Tony Award for Best Score and Tony Award for Best Book: Jeanine Tesori & Lisa Kron for Fun Home in 2015.


See also[edit] New York City portal Theatre portal List of Tony Awards ceremonies Drama Desk Award Laurence Olivier Award Helpmann Awards Obie Award New York Drama Critics' Circle Theatre World Award Broadway theatre The Society of London Theatre List of people who have won Academy, Emmy, Grammy, and Tony Awards List of African-American Tony nominees and winners


References[edit] ^ American Theatre Wing. "2014 Rules for use of Tony Awards trademarks" tonyawards.com, Apr 8, 2017 ^ Gans, Andrew (December 18, 2007). "League of American Theatres and Producers Announces Name Change" Archived December 21, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.. Playbill. Retrieved September 13, 2013. The League of American Theatres and Producers was renamed "The Broadway League". ^ Staff (undated). "Who's Who". tonyawards.com. Retrieved September 13, 2013. ^ a b "Tony Awards Rules and Regulations for 2013–14 season" tonyawards.com, accessed June 12, 2014 ^ Lefkowitz, David and Simonson, Robert. " 'Fosse', 'Annie', 'Salesman' & 'Side Man' Win Top Tonys" Archived November 3, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. playbill.com, June 7, 1999 ^ Gans, Andrew (April 18, 2011). "No Tickets Will Be Available to General Public for 2011 Tony Awards" Archived May 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. Playbill. Retrieved September 13, 2013. ^ Purcell, Carey (June 9, 2013). Kinky Boots, Vanya and Sonia, Pippin and Virginia Woolf? Are Big Winners at 67th Annual Tony Awards" Archived June 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. Playbill. Retrieved September 13, 2013. ^ McPhee, Ryan (April 18, 2017). "Kevin Spacey Will Host the 2017 Tony Awards". Playbill.  ^ Pesner, Ben. "The Tony Awards - Category by Category" tonyawards.com (webcache.googleusercontent.com), accessed June 12, 2014 ^ Gans, Andrew (October 8, 2008). "Tony Awards to Present Isabelle Stevenson Award in May 2009" Archived December 11, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. Playbill. Retrieved September 2013. ^ Gans, Andrew (June 18, 2009)."Tony Awards Retire Special Theatrical Event Category" Archived June 29, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.. Playbill. Retrieved September 13, 2013. ^ Bowgen, Philippe. "Tony Award Administration Committee Eliminates Sound Design Categories" Archived June 13, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. playbill.com, June 11, 2014 ^ a b American Theatre Editors (April 24, 2017). "Tony Awards to Reinstate Sound Design Categories".American Theatre Retrieved April 27, 2017. ^ Nassour, Ellis (June 10, 2011). "From The 2011 Tony Playbill: Who Was the Original 'Tony'?". Playbill. Archived from the original on May 6, 2013. Retrieved July 4, 2013.  ^ Nassour, Ellis. "Who Is 'Tony'?". tonyawards.com. Retrieved September 13, 2013.  ^ Bloom, Ken (2004). "Tony Award" Broadway – Its History, People and Places. Taylor & Francis. p. 531. ISBN 978-0-415-93704-7. ^ a b Nassour, Ellis (June 12, 2011). "From the 2011 Tony Playbill: Tony Awards at 65 – Then and Now". Playbill. Archived from the original on May 6, 2013. Retrieved September 13, 2013.  ^ a b c Staff (undated). "Rules & Voting". tonyawards.com. Retrieved September 13, 2013. ^ Jesse McKinley (June 1, 2003). "The Tony Awards; Is There a Tony Doctor in the House". The New York Times. Retrieved September 13, 2013. ^ [not in citation given] Tony Homepage tonyawards.com ^ Gorman, Bill (June 10, 2011)."Guess This Year's 'Tony Awards' Viewership (Poll) + Ratings History". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved September 13, 2013. ^ Bierly, Mandi (February 24, 2009). "Ratings: Oscars Up, 'Dollhouse' Down" Archived February 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.. Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved September 13, 2013. ^ Pincus-Roth, Zachary. (May 22, 2008). "Ask Playbill.com: Tony Statuettes". Playbill. Archived from the original on December 8, 2008. Retrieved September 13, 2013.  ^ Staff. "Tony Awards FAQ". tonyawards.com. Retrieved September 13, 2013.  ^ Staff. "A History of the Tony Awards". American Theatre Wing. Archived from the original on July 16, 2013. Retrieved September 13, 2013.  ^ Piepenburg, Erik. "Tony Gets a Mini-Makeover" The New York Times, June 10, 2010 ^ Healy, Patrick (July 4, 2013). "Broadway Success Has a Price: $2,500". The New York Times. 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"First-Nighters Lose Tony-Voting Privilege" Archived July 14, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. playbill.com, July 14, 2009 ^ Gans, Andrew. "Tony Awards Extend Votes to Members of New York Drama Critics' Circle" Archived July 14, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. playbill.com, March 25, 2010 ^ Gans, Andrew. "68th Annual Tony Awards Will Be Broadcast Live from Radio City Music Hall" Archived February 22, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. Playbill, October 9, 2013 ^ Pincus-Roth, Zachary (February 7, 2008). "Ask Playbill.com: Broadway or Off-Broadway – Part I". Playbill. Retrieved September 13, 2013. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/02/theater/hudson-theater-broadway.html ^ Okrent, Daniel (May 9, 2004). "The Public Editor; There's No Business Like Tony Awards Business". The New York Times. Retrieved September 13, 2013.  ^ Teachout, Terry (March 29, 2012). "Why Straight Plays Can't Make It on Broadway". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved February 5, 2016. (Subscription required (help)).  ^ Simonson, Robert. "Previews of Coming Attractions: Tony Awards Favor Future Musicals Over Present Ones" playbill.com, June 12, 2014 ^ "Breaking News: Tony Awards Committee Meets - Changes Rules for Revival Authors, Erases 2 Creative Categories for 2014-15!". Broadway World. Retrieved 9 June 2015.  ^ Cox, Gordon (April 24, 2017). "Tony Awards to Restore Sound Design Categories Next Season" Variety Retrieved April 27, 2017. ^ Editors, American Theatre (April 24, 2017). "Tony Awards to Reinstate Sound Design Categories".  ^ McPhee, Ryan (April 24, 2017). "The Tony Awards Will Reinstate the Best Sound Design Categories" Playbill.com Retrieved April 27, 2017. ^ Cox, Gordon (April 24, 2017). "Tony Awards to Restore Sound Design Categories Next Season".  ^ "Facts & Trivia - History from the Tony Awards" Archived July 8, 2017, at the Wayback Machine. tonyawards.com, Retrieved August 26, 2017. ^ Jones, Kenneth; Gans, Andrew (May 3, 2011). "2011 Tony Nominations Announced; 'Book of Mormon' Earns 14 Nominations" Archived October 22, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. Playbill (playbill.com), Retrieved August 26, 2017. ^ Jones, Kenneth (June 9, 2003). " 'Take Me Out', 'Hairspray' Are Top Winners in 2003 Tony Awards; 'Long Day's Journey', 'Nine' Also Hot" Archived August 25, 2017, at the Wayback Machine. Playbill (playbill.com). Retrieved August 26, 2017.


External links[edit] Official website www.cbs.com/shows/tony_awards/, the Tony Award's official broadcast website americantheatrewing.org, the American Theatre Wing's official website broadwayleague.com, The Broadway League's official website v t e Tony Awards American Theatre Wing The Broadway League List of people who have won Academy, Emmy, Grammy, and Tony Awards Play Best Play Best Direction of a Play Best Leading Actor in a Play Best Leading Actress in a Play Best Featured Actor in a Play Best Featured Actress in a Play Best Costume Design in a Play Best Lighting Design in a Play Best Revival of a Play Best Scenic Design in a Play Musical Best Musical Best Direction of a Musical Best Leading Actor in a Musical Best Leading Actress in a Musical Best Featured Actor in a Musical Best Featured Actress in a Musical Best Book of a Musical Best Choreography Best Costume Design in a Musical Best Lighting Design in a Musical Best Orchestrations Best Original Score Best Revival of a Musical Best Scenic Design in a Musical Special (non-competitive) Regional Theatre Tony Award Special Tony Award Tony Honors for Excellence in Theatre Isabelle Stevenson Award Retired Best Author Best Conductor and Musical Director Best Costume Design Best Director Best Lighting Design Best Newcomer Best Revival Best Scenic Design Best Sound Design Best Special Theatrical Event Best Stage Technician Ceremonies 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tony_Award&oldid=822377015" Categories: Tony Awards1947 establishments in New York (state)American theater awardsAnnual events in the United StatesAmerican annual television specialsAwards established in 1947Broadway theatreCBS television specialsCompetitions in New York CityEvents in New York CityRadio City Music HallHidden categories: Webarchive template wayback linksAll articles with failed verificationArticles with failed verification from September 2013Pages with login required references or sourcesPages containing links to subscription-only contentUse mdy dates from November 2012Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014All articles containing potentially dated statementsAll articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrasesArticles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from April 2011


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Tony_Award - Photos and All Basic Informations

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Tony (disambiguation)71st Tony AwardsHerman RosseAmerican Theatre WingThe Broadway LeagueBroadway TheatreAmerican Theatre WingThe Broadway LeagueNew York CitySpecial Tony AwardTony Honors For Excellence In TheatreIsabelle Stevenson AwardAntoinette PerryAcademy AwardsEmmy AwardGrammy AwardList Of People Who Have Won Academy, Emmy, Grammy, And Tony AwardsLaurence Olivier AwardUnited KingdomMolière AwardFranceRadio City Music HallLive TelevisionCBSGershwin Theatre65th Tony Awards66th Tony AwardsBeacon Theatre (New York City)67th Tony Awards68th Tony Awards69th Tony Awards70th Tony AwardsBeacon Theatre (New York City)71st Tony AwardsKevin SpaceyIsabelle Stevenson AwardTony Award For Best Special Theatrical EventTony Award For Best Actor In A PlayTony Award For Best Featured Actor In A PlayTony Award For Best Actor In A MusicalTony Award For Best Featured Actor In A MusicalTony Award For Best Actress In A PlayTony Award For Best Featured Actress In A PlayTony Award For Best Actress In A MusicalTony Award For Best Featured Actress In A MusicalTony Award For Best MusicalTony Award For Best Revival Of A MusicalTony Award For Best Direction Of A MusicalTony Award For Best Book Of A MusicalTony Award For Best Original ScoreTony Award For Best OrchestrationsTony Award For Best ChoreographyTony Award For Best Scenic Design In A MusicalTony Award For Best Costume Design In A MusicalTony Award For Best Lighting Design In A MusicalTony Award For Best Sound DesignTony Award For Best PlayTony Award For Best Revival Of A PlayTony Award For Best Direction Of A PlayTony Award For Best Scenic Design In A PlayTony Award For Best Costume Design In A PlayTony Award For Best Lighting Design In A PlayTony Award For Best Sound DesignRegional Theatre Tony AwardSpecial Tony AwardTony Honors For Excellence In TheatreIsabelle Stevenson AwardTony Award For Best AuthorTony Award For Best Conductor And Musical DirectorTony Award For Best Costume DesignTony Award For Best Costume Design In A MusicalTony Award For Best Costume Design In A PlayTony Award For Best Lighting DesignTony Award For Best Lighting Design In A MusicalTony Award For Best Lighting Design In A PlayTony Award For Best NewcomerTony Award For Best RevivalTony Award For Best Revival Of A MusicalTony Award For Best Revival Of A PlayTony Award For Best Scenic DesignTony Award For Best Scenic Design In A MusicalTony Award For Best Scenic Design In A PlayTony Award For Best Stage TechnicianTony Award For Best Special Theatrical EventTony Award For Best DirectorTony Award For Best Direction Of A MusicalTony Award For Best Direction Of A PlayList Of Tony Awards CeremoniesEnlargeAmerican Theatre WingBrock PembertonAntoinette PerryWarner Bros.Waldorf-Astoria HotelEntertainment IndustryThe Broadway LeagueThe New York TimesArt DirectorHerman RosseBrassBronzeElectroless Nickel PlatingOscarsEmmysGrammysKeep Up With The JonesesOff-BroadwayWest End TheatreWikipedia:Manual Of Style/Words To WatchNew York Drama Critics' CircleGail BermanHarve BrostenDick ButtonTony Lo BiancoRaymond SerraTimes SquareLincoln CenterVivian Beaumont TheaterNew York CityPlaybillBox-officeTony Award For Best Sound DesignHamilton (musical)The Producers (musical)Billy Elliot The MusicalThe Producers (musical)The Coast Of UtopiaThe Scottsboro Boys (musical)South Pacific (musical)Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber Of Fleet Street (musical)Hairspray (musical)Tony Award For Best MusicalTony Award For Best Original ScoreTony Award For Best Book Of A MusicalTony Award For Best Performance By A Leading Actor In A MusicalTony Award For Best Performance By A Leading Actress In A MusicalTony Award For Best Direction Of A MusicalSouth Pacific (musical)Tony Award For Best MusicalThe Music ManMeredith WillsonDroodRupert HolmesRent (musical)Jonathan LarsonThe Book Of Mormon (musical)Trey ParkerRobert LopezMatt StoneHamilton (musical)Lin-Manuel MirandaPeter And The StarcatcherDeath Of A SalesmanArthur MillerHarold PrinceTommy TuneStephen SondheimBob FosseOliver Smith (designer)Jules FisherAudra McDonaldTerrence McNallyTom StoppardJulie Harris (American Actress)Chita RiveraAmanda PlummerDana IveyKate Burton (actress)Jan MaxwellMark RylanceA Taste Of HoneyAgnes Of GodSunday In The Park With GeorgeHeartbreak HouseHedda GablerThe Elephant Man (play)The Royal Family (play)Lend Me A TenorRichard IIITwelfth NightBoyd GainesThe Heidi ChroniclesShe Loves MeContact (musical)Gypsy (musical)Journey's EndRaúl EsparzaTaboo (musical)Company (musical)The HomecomingSpeed-the-PlowAngela LansburyMame (musical)Dear WorldGypsy: A Musical FableSweeney Todd (musical)Deuce (play)Blithe Spirit (play)A Little Night MusicJan MaxwellChitty Chitty Bang Bang (musical)Coram Boy (play)Lend Me A TenorThe Royal Family (play)FolliesAudra McDonaldCarousel (musical)Ragtime (musical)Master ClassA Raisin In The SunPorgy And BessLady Day At Emerson's Bar And GrillMarie Christine110 In The ShadeMary MartinHarvey FiersteinMark RylanceTwelfth NightLena HallBarry HumphriesBilly Elliot The MusicalDavid Alvarez (actor)Trent KowalikKiril KulishTony Award For Best Actor In A MusicalJohn KaniWinston NtshonaTony Award For Best Actor In A PlaySizwe Banzi Is DeadThe Island (play)Ben VereenPatina MillerTony Award For Best Actor In A MusicalTony Award For Best Actress In A MusicalPippin (musical)Harvey FiersteinLa Cage Aux Folles (musical)Hairspray (musical)Tracy LettsTony Award For Best PlayFrances GoodrichThe Diary Of Anne Frank (play)Tony Award For Best Performance By A Leading Actress In A MusicalDiahann CarrollNo StringsTony Award For Best Performance By A Leading Actor In A PlayJames Earl JonesThe Great White HopeTony Award For Best Performance By A Leading Actor In A MusicalCleavon LittlePurlieTony Award For Best PlayJoseph A. Walker (playwright)The River NigerTony Award For Best PlayDavid Henry HwangM ButterflyTony Award For Best Performance By A Featured Actor In A PlayB. D. WongM ButterflyTony Award For Best PlayWendy WassersteinThe Heidi ChroniclesTony Award For Best Performance By A Leading Actress In A MusicalLea SalongaMiss SaigonTony Award For Best Direction Of A MusicalJulie TaymorThe Lion King (musical)Tony Award For Best Direction Of A PlayGarry HynesThe Beauty Queen Of LeenaneTony Award For Best Performance By A Leading Actress In A PlayPhylicia RashadA Raisin In The SunTony Award For Best ScoreCyndi LauperKinky Boots (musical)Tony Award For Best Performance By A Featured Actress In A MusicalRuthie Ann MilesThe King And ITony Award For Best ScoreTony Award For Best BookJeanine TesoriLisa KronFun Home (musical)Portal:New York CityPortal:TheatreList Of Tony Awards CeremoniesDrama Desk AwardLaurence Olivier AwardHelpmann AwardsObie AwardNew York Drama Critics' CircleTheatre World AwardBroadway TheatreThe Society Of London TheatreList Of People Who Have Won Academy, Emmy, Grammy, And Tony AwardsAfrican-American Tony Nominees And WinnersWayback MachinePlaybillWayback MachineWayback MachinePlaybillWayback MachinePlaybillWayback MachinePlaybillWayback MachinePlaybillWayback MachineAmerican TheatrePlaybillKen BloomTaylor & FrancisInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-415-93704-7PlaybillThe New York TimesWikipedia:VerifiabilityTV By The NumbersWayback MachineEntertainment WeeklyPlaybillAmerican Theatre WingThe New York TimesWayback MachinePlaybillWayback MachineWayback MachinePlaybillWikipedia:VerifiabilityThe New York TimesWayback MachineWayback MachineWayback MachinePlaybillDaniel OkrentThe New York TimesThe Wall Street JournalVariety (magazine)Playbill.comWayback MachineWayback MachinePlaybillWayback MachinePlaybillAmerican Theatre WingThe Broadway LeagueTemplate:Tony AwardsTemplate Talk:Tony AwardsAmerican Theatre WingThe Broadway LeagueList Of People Who Have Won Academy, Emmy, Grammy, And Tony AwardsTony Award For Best PlayTony Award For Best Direction Of A PlayTony Award For Best Actor In A PlayTony Award For Best Actress In A PlayTony Award For Best Featured Actor In A PlayTony Award For Best Featured Actress In A PlayTony Award For Best Costume Design In A PlayTony Award For Best Lighting Design In A PlayTony Award For Best Revival Of A PlayTony Award For Best Scenic Design In A PlayTony Award For Best MusicalTony Award For Best Direction Of A MusicalTony Award For Best Actor In A MusicalTony Award For Best Actress In A MusicalTony Award For Best Featured Actor In A MusicalTony Award For Best Featured Actress In A MusicalTony Award For Best Book Of A MusicalTony Award For Best ChoreographyTony Award For Best Costume Design In A MusicalTony Award For Best Lighting Design In A MusicalTony Award For Best OrchestrationsTony Award For Best Original ScoreTony Award For Best Revival Of A MusicalTony Award For Best Scenic Design In A MusicalRegional Theatre Tony AwardSpecial Tony AwardTony Honors For Excellence In TheatreIsabelle Stevenson AwardTony Award For Best AuthorTony Award For Best Conductor And Musical DirectorTony Award For Best Costume DesignTony Award For Best DirectorTony Award For Best Lighting DesignTony Award For Best NewcomerTony Award For Best RevivalTony Award For Best Scenic DesignTony Award For Best Sound DesignTony Award For Best Special Theatrical EventTony Award For Best Stage TechnicianList Of Tony Awards Ceremonies1st Tony Awards2nd Tony Awards3rd Tony Awards4th Tony Awards5th Tony Awards6th Tony Awards7th Tony Awards8th Tony Awards9th Tony Awards10th Tony Awards11th Tony Awards12th Tony Awards13th Tony Awards14th Tony Awards15th Tony Awards16th Tony Awards17th Tony Awards18th Tony Awards19th Tony Awards20th Tony Awards21st Tony Awards22nd Tony Awards23rd Tony Awards24th Tony Awards25th Tony Awards26th Tony Awards27th Tony Awards28th Tony Awards29th Tony Awards30th Tony Awards31st Tony Awards32nd Tony Awards33rd Tony Awards34th Tony Awards35th Tony Awards36th Tony Awards37th Tony Awards38th Tony Awards39th Tony Awards40th Tony Awards41st 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