Contents 1 Timeline of audio format developments 2 References 3 See also 4 External links

Timeline of audio format developments[edit] Year Physical media formats Recording formats 1860 Phonautogram Mechanical analog; sound waveform transcribed to paper or glass 1877 Phonograph cylinder (Edison) Mechanical analog; hill-and-dale grooves, vertical stylus motion 1878–1916 Ediphone, Dictaphone Mechanical analog, the Ediphone and subsequent wax cylinders used in Edison's other product lines continued to be sold up until 1929 when the Edison Manufacturing Company folded. 1883 Music roll Mechanical digital (automated musical instruments) 1887 Phonograph disk (Emile Berliner) Mechanical analog; lateral grooves, horizontal stylus motion 1898 Wire recording Analog; magnetization; DC bias 1925 Electrical cut record Mechanical analog; electrically cut from amplified microphone signal, lateral grooves, horizontal stylus motion, discs at 7", 10", 12", most at 78 rpm 1930s Reel-to-reel, magnetic tape Analog; magnetization; AC "bias" dramatically increases linearity/fidelity, tape speed at 30 ips, later 15 ips and other refined speeds: 7½ ips, 3¾ ips, 1⅞ ips Electrical transcriptions Mechanical analog; electrically cut from amplified microphone signal, high fidelity sound, lateral or vertical grooves, horizontal or vertical stylus motion, most discs 16" at 33⅓ rpm 1936 Tefifon Electromechanical, vinyl belt housed in a cassette, used an embossing technique using a stylus to imprint the information, was the first audio cassette 1945 SoundScriber Analog, 4–6 inch discs, it recorded sound by pressing grooves into soft vinyl discs 1947 Dictabelt (Memobelt) Analog, medium consisting of a thin, plastic belt 3.5" wide that was placed on a cylinder and rotated like a tank tread, developed by the Dictaphone company in 1947 1948 Vinyl LP record (Columbia) Analog, with preemphasis and other equalization techniques (LP, RIAA); lateral grooves, horizontal stylus motion; discs 7", 10" and 12" at 33⅓ rpm, 1st LP Columbia ML 4001 Milstein, Mendelssohn Violin Concerto 1949 Vinyl 45 record (RCA) Analog 45 rpm vinyl 7" disk, first 45 pressed "PeeWee the Piccolo" RCA 47-0147 Indianapolis 1951 Minifon P55 Analog, magnetic wire on reel, 30 cm/s or about 11.8 ips was quickly adopted by many governments as being the ultimate "spy" recorder of its day 1957 Stereophonic vinyl record Analog, with preemphasis and other equalization techniques. Combination lateral/vertical stylus motion with each channel encoded 45 degrees to the vertical 1957 Dictet Analog, ¼ tape, 2.48 in/s, (3" reels housed 5.875 x 3 x .4375 inch cassette), developed by the Dictaphone Corp, was the very first dictation machine to use magnetic tape cassettes 1958 RCA tape cartridge (Sound Tape) (Magazine Loading Cartridge) Analog, ¼ inch wide tape (stereo & mono), 3¾ in/s & 1.875 in/s, one of the first attempts to offer reel-to-reel tape recording quality in a convenient format for the consumer market 1959 NAB Cart Tape (Fidelipac) Analog, ¼ inch wide tape in cartridge, 7½ in/s & 15 in/s, Introduced in 1959 by Collins Radio, the cart tape format was designed for use by radio broadcasters to play commercials, bumpers and announcements 1962 4-Track (Muntz Stereo-Pak) Analog, 1⁄4-inch-wide (6.4 mm) tape, 3¾ in/s, endless-loop cartridge 1963 Compact cassette Analog, with bias. 0.15 inches (3.81 mm) tape, 1⅞ ips. 1970: introduced Dolby noise reduction 1964 Sanyo Micro Pack 35 Channel Master 6546 Westinghouse H29R1 ¼ inch wide tape housed in a transparent cartridge measuring 2.6 x 2.9 x 1.9 inches, tape was stored on two reels residing atop one another, keeping the cartridge compact 1964 Sabamobil A cartridge format for embedding and easy handling usual 3-inch-tape-reels with ¼ inch tape, compatible to reel-to-reel audio recording in 3¾ ips. 1965 8-Track (Stereo-8) Analog, ¼ inch wide tape, 3¾ in/s, endless-loop cartridge DC-International system Analog cassette format introduced by Grundig, Telefunken and Blaupunkt: 120 x 77 x 12 mm cassette with ¼ inch wide tape run at 5.08cm per second. 1966 PlayTape Analog, ⅛ inch wide tape, endless-loop cartridge, introduced by Frank Stanton 1969 Microcassette Analog, ⅛ inch wide tape, used generally for note taking, mostly mono, some stereo (developed in the early '80s). 2.4 cm/s or 1.2 cm/s Minicassette Analog, ⅛ inch wide tape, used generally for note taking, 1.2 cm/s 1970 Quadraphonic 8-Track (Quad-8) (Q8) Analog, ¼ inch wide tape, 3¾ in/s, 4-channel stereo, endless-loop cartridge 1971 Quadraphonic Vinyl Record (CD-4) (SQ Matrix) Analog 1971 HiPac Analog, a successor of the 1966 PlayTape, using tape width of the 1963 Compact Cassette, Japan only 1976 Dolby Stereo cinema surround sound Analog Elcaset Analog 1978 LaserDisc Digital/Analog 1982 Compact Disc (CD-DA) Digital. Linear PCM (LPCM) 1983 Betamax Digital Audio Digital 1985 Digital. Sound Designer (by Digidesign) (SD and DIG formats) 1986 High Definition Compatible Digital (HDCD) Digital. Redbook compatible physical CD containing 20–24 bit information (uses linear pulse-code modulation (LPCM) 1987 Digital Audio Tape (DAT) Digital. 1988 Digital. Audio Interchange File Format (AIFF) 1992 Digital Compact Cassette (DCC) Digital, ⅛ inch wide tape, 1⅞ in/s, introduced by Philips and Matsushita in late 1992, marketed as the successor to the standard analog compact cassette Digital. WAVEform (WAV) Digital. Dolby Digital surround cinema sound (also known as Dolby Stereo Digital until 1994) MiniDisc (MD)[1] Digital. Adaptive Transform Acoustic Coding (ATRAC) 1993 Digital. Digital Theatre System (DTS), Sony Dynamic Digital Sound (SDDS), MPEG-1 Audio Layer III (MP3) 1994 Digital. TwinVQ 1995 RealAudio[1] 1997 DVD Digital. Dolby Digital, Digital Theatre System (DTS) DTS-CD Digital. DTS Audio 1999 DVD-Audio Digital. Including Meridian Lossless Packing (MLP), Linear PCM (LPCM), Dolby Digital (AC-3) and Digital Theatre System (DTS) Super Audio CD (SACD) Digital. Direct Stream Digital Digital. Windows Media Audio (WMA) Digital. The True Audio Lossless Codec (TTA) 2000 Digital. Free Lossless Audio Codec (FLAC) Digital. Monkey's Audio (APE) 2001 Digital. Advanced audio coding (AAC) 2002 Digital. Ogg Vorbis codec 2003 DualDisc Digital. Multiple formats encoded onto the same disc 2004 Digital. Apple Lossless (ALE or ALAC) 2005 HD DVD Digital. Dolby TrueHD, DTS-HD Master Audio Digital. OggPCM 2006 Blu-ray Disc Digital. Dolby TrueHD, DTS-HD Master Audio 2008 slotMusic Digital. Usually at 320 kbit/s MP3 on microSD or microSDHC Blu-spec CD Digital. PCM 2009 SILK Digital. Codec developed by Skype, extended into the Opus codec. 2010 DCP (Digital Cinema Package) Digital. Auro-3D codec 2011 Opus Digital. Opus codec

References[edit] ^ a b Cornell University Library (2003). "Digital Preservation and Technology Timeline". Digital Preservation Management. USA. Retrieved February 28, 2017. 

See also[edit] Audio data compression Format war

External links[edit] Museum Of Obsolete Media – Audio Formats v t e Physical audio recording formats Analog Phonautogram (1857) Phonograph cylinder (1877) Phonograph record (1894) Wire recording (1898) Sound-on-film (1919) Tefifon (1936) Reel-to-reel tape (1940s) SoundScriber (1945) Gray Audograph (1945) Dictabelt (1947) LP record (1948) On-the-ribs recordings (late 1940s) RCA tape cartridge (1958) Fidelipac (1959) Stereo-Pak (1962) Compact Cassette (1963) 8-track (1964) PlayTape (1966) Mini-Cassette (1967) Microcassette (1969) Steno-Cassette (1971) Elcaset (1976) Picocassette (1985) Digital Soundstream (1976) X80/ProDigi (1980) Compact disc (1982) DASH (1982) Digital Audio Tape (1987) ADAT (1991) MiniDisc (1992) NT (1992) Digital Compact Cassette (1992) DA-88 (1993) High Definition Compatible Digital (1995) 5.1 Music Disc (1997) Super Audio CD (1999) DVD-Audio (2000) USB flash drive (as audio format) (2004) Hi-MD (2004) slotMusic (2008) BD-Audio (2008) HFPA (2013) v t e Music technology Music technology Mechanical Electrical Electronic and digital Sound recording Audio channel Audio console (mixing board) Binaural recording Digital audio workstation (DAW) Effects unit Equalizer Headphones Microphone Microphone preamplifier Monitor speaker Multitrack recording Music production Music sequencer Outboard gear Recording media Phonograph record Magnetic tape Compact cassette Compact disc DAT Hard disk MiniDisc MP3 Opus Analog recording 8-track cartridge Amplifier Cassette deck Comparison of analog and digital recording Experimental musical instrument Phonograph Player piano Reel-to-reel audio tape recording Tape recorder Playback transducers Loudspeaker Headphones Monitor speaker PA system Sound reinforcement system Speaker enclosure Subwoofer Digital audio Digital recording Digital signal processing Live music Audio console Bass amplifier Effects unit Foldback Guitar amplifier Keyboard amplifier PA system Radio Reverberation Sound reinforcement system Electronic music Chiptune Circuit bending Drum machine Electronic drums Electronic musical instrument MIDI MIDI controller Music workstation Sampler Sequencer Sound module Synthesizer Theremin Software Digital audio editor Digital audio workstation GarageBand ProTools Scorewriter Software effect processor Software sampler Software synthesizer Professions Audio engineer DJ Guitar technician Mixing engineer Monitor engineer Piano tuner Record producer Re-recording mixer Sound designer Sound follower Sound operator Sound recording engineer Tape op People and organizations Audio Engineering Society Goji Electronics Institute of Broadcast Sound Lejaren Hiller IRCAM Max Mathews Musical Electronics Library Professional Lighting and Sound Association Robert Moog SMPTE STEIM Related topics Audiophile High fidelity Home audio Home cinema Music store Professional audio store New Interfaces for Musical Expression (NIME) Vehicle audio Retrieved from "" Categories: Audio storageAudio format convertersTechnology timelinesComputing timelines

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Timeline_of_audio_formats - Photos and All Basic Informations

Timeline_of_audio_formats More Links

Sound Recording And ReproductionRecording MediaRecording FormatAudio FrequencyComputer ScienceAudio File FormatPhonautographPhonograph CylinderMagnetic CartridgeEdiphoneDictaphoneEdison Manufacturing CompanyPiano RollGramophone RecordWire RecordingTape BiasGramophone RecordReel-to-reelMagnetic TapeInch Per SecondElectrical TranscriptionHigh FidelityTefifonSoundScriberDictabeltDictaphoneLP Record45 RecordInch Per SecondStereophonicDictaphoneRCA Tape CartridgeFidelipacCollins RadioStereo-PakCompact CassetteInch Per SecondDolby Noise ReductionSanyo Micro Pack 35SabamobilStereo 8PlayTapeFrank Stanton (entrepreneur)MicrocassetteMinicassetteQuadraphonicStereo 8QuadraphonicVinyl RecordHiPacDolby StereoElcasetLaserDiscCompact DiscLinear PCMBetamax Digital AudioDigidesignHigh Definition Compatible DigitalLinear Pulse-code ModulationDigital Audio TapeAIFFDigital Compact CassettePhilipsMatsushitaWAVDolby DigitalMiniDiscAdaptive Transform Acoustic CodingDigital Theatre SystemSony Dynamic Digital SoundMPEG-1 Audio Layer IIITwinVQRealAudioDVDDolby DigitalDigital Theatre SystemDTS-CDDTS Coherent AcousticsDVD-AudioMeridian Lossless PackingLinear PCMDolby DigitalDigital Theatre SystemSuper Audio CDDirect Stream DigitalWindows Media AudioTTA (codec)FLACMonkey's AudioAdvanced Audio CodingOgg VorbisDualDiscApple LosslessHD DVDDolby TrueHDDTS-HD Master AudioOggPCMBlu-ray DiscDolby TrueHDDTS-HD Master AudioSlotMusicMicroSDBlu-spec CDPulse-code ModulationSILKDigital Cinema PackageAuro-3DOpus (audio Format)Opus (audio Format)Cornell University LibraryAudio Data CompressionFormat WarTemplate:Audio FormatsTemplate Talk:Audio FormatsData StorageAudio Recording FormatAnalog RecordingPhonautographPhonograph CylinderPhonograph RecordWire RecordingSound-on-filmTefifonReel-to-reel Audio Tape RecordingSoundScriberGray AudographDictabeltLP RecordRibs (recordings)RCA Tape CartridgeFidelipacStereo-PakCompact Cassette8-track TapePlayTapeMini-CassetteMicrocassetteSteno-CassetteElcasetPicocassetteDigital RecordingSoundstreamProDigiCompact DiscDigital Audio Stationary HeadDigital Audio TapeADATMiniDiscNT (cassette)Digital Compact CassetteDA-88High Definition Compatible Digital5.1 Music DiscSuper Audio CDDVD-AudioUSB Flash DriveHi-MDSlotMusicBD-AudioHigh Fidelity Pure AudioTemplate:Music TechnologyTemplate Talk:Music TechnologyMusic TechnologyMusic TechnologyMusic Technology (mechanical)Music Technology (electric)Music Technology (electronic And Digital)Sound Recording And ReproductionAudio ChannelAudio ConsoleBinaural RecordingDigital Audio WorkstationEffects UnitEqualization (audio)HeadphonesMicrophoneMicrophone PreamplifierFoldback (sound Engineering)Multitrack RecordingRecord ProducerMusic SequencerOutboard GearPhonograph RecordMagnetic TapeCompact CassetteCompact DiscDigital Audio TapeHard Disk RecorderMiniDiscMP3Opus (audio Format)Analog Recording8-track TapeAmplifierCassette DeckComparison Of Analog And Digital RecordingExperimental Musical InstrumentPhonographPlayer PianoReel-to-reel Audio Tape RecordingTape RecorderLoudspeakerHeadphonesFoldback (sound Engineering)PA SystemSound Reinforcement SystemSpeaker EnclosureSubwooferDigital AudioDigital RecordingDigital Signal ProcessingConcertAudio ConsoleBass AmplifierEffects UnitFoldback (sound Engineering)Guitar AmplifierKeyboard AmplifierPublic Address SystemRadioReverberationSound Reinforcement SystemElectronic MusicChiptuneCircuit BendingDrum MachineElectronic DrumsElectronic Musical InstrumentMIDIMIDI ControllerMusic WorkstationSampler (musical Instrument)Music SequencerSound ModuleSynthesizerThereminSoftwareDigital Audio EditorDigital Audio WorkstationGarageBandProToolsScorewriterSoftware Effect ProcessorSoftware SamplerSoftware SynthesizerAudio EngineerDJGuitar TechnicianMixing EngineerMonitor EngineerPiano TunerRecord ProducerRe-recording MixerSound DesignerSound FollowerSound OperatorSound RecordingTape OpAudio Engineering SocietyGoji ElectronicsInstitute Of Broadcast SoundLejaren HillerIRCAMMax MathewsMusical Electronics LibraryProfessional Lighting And Sound AssociationRobert MoogSociety Of Motion Picture And Television EngineersSTEIMAudiophileHigh FidelityHome AudioHome CinemaMusic StoreProfessional Audio StoreNew Interfaces For Musical ExpressionVehicle AudioHelp:CategoryCategory:Audio StorageCategory:Audio Format ConvertersCategory:Technology TimelinesCategory:Computing TimelinesDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages 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