Contents 1 Usage 2 History 3 In popular culture 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Usage[edit] Entertainment industry labor unions use the studio zone to determine rates, work rules, and work compensation for workers. For example, within this area, workers generally are responsible to pay for their own transportation, meals, and other compensation; outside the zone, the studios are expected to pay for these things.[1] During almost all of the 20th century, the Hollywood entertainment industry preferred to film movies and television shows within the studio zone to hold labor costs down. Thus, the zone also largely determined the location and success of the original movie ranches in or near Hollywood. By establishing movie ranches around the periphery of the zone, studios could take advantage of Los Angeles's varied landscape.[1] And with clever editing, it was easy to use a handful of aerial and location shots (usually shot by a second unit), along with carefully dressed sets, to give viewers the impression that a movie or show was set somewhere else. The studio zone itself, as well as the lack of motion picture production companies and experienced personnel outside the zone, made it very expensive to film on location, since movie studios had to bring everything needed from Los Angeles. In turn, anyone who wanted to start a career in the entertainment industry had to move to Los Angeles to break into the studio zone.

History[edit] The studio zone's boundaries have expanded over the years, primarily to keep labor costs down and help keep Los Angeles as an attractive site to shoot productions. The studio zone was formally first established in 1934, originally defined as a 6-mile (9.7 km) radius from Rossmore Avenue and 5th Street. By 1970, the center of the zone became Beverly and La Cienega Boulevards, the then-headquarters of the Association of Motion Picture and Television Producers (AMPTP), and expanded to a 30-mile radius.[1] In addition to the traditional 30-mile radius from Beverly and La Cienega Boulevards, the studio zone includes some locations that technically lie outside the area. The Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Conejo Ranch property near Thousand Oaks in Ventura County, and Castaic Lake in northwest Los Angeles County were included.[2] In 2010, additional locations were added: Agua Dulce, the entire community of Castaic (in addition to Castaic Lake), Leo Carrillo State Park, Moorpark, Ontario International Airport, Piru, and Pomona (including the Fairplex of which a small portion is jurisdictionally in La Verne).[3][4] With respect to the locations added in 2010, producers are required to grant reasonable requests to actors for hotel accommodations if the locations listed above lie over four miles outside of the original thirty mile zone.[5] Other locations rejected in negotiations included adding Lancaster and Port Hueneme to the zone.[6] Furthermore, the addition of Pomona to the studio zone has led to an increase in filming in that city.[7] In the 1990s many countries and even other U.S. states began offering generous tax credits or deductions to offset the much higher cost of filming on location. The result was what Hollywood people call runaway production. Places such as New Orleans and Vancouver became popular—and cheaper—alternatives to filming in Los Angeles or New York City.[8]

In popular culture[edit] The initials of the Time Warner tabloid news website stand for "Thirty Mile Zone", an alternative name for the studio zone.[9]

See also[edit] Filming location Movie ranch

References[edit] ^ a b c Roland, Zelda (March 10, 2016). "Studio Labor and the Origins of Hollywood's Thirty-Mile Zone, or TMZ". KCET. Retrieved March 16, 2018.  ^ "Los Angeles Studio Zone Map". Entertainment Partners. Retrieved September 20, 2012.  This site also states that the Long Beach Dome is "considered to be in the studio zone", but the designation is redundant for this specific location, as it lies within the 30-mile radius. ^ IATSE/AMPTP Deal: 2% Wage Increases and First-Time Ever Health Premiums - The Hollywood Reporter ^ ^ ^ Business Representative | IA.T.S.E. Local 80 ^ Land of Lincoln comes to Pomona via Hollywood ^ Tuesday, Feb. 22: Filming Locations in Vancouver, Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, NYC, & more including ‘Ides of March’, ‘Supernatural’, ‘Blue Bloods’, & more ^ "Slanguage".

External links[edit] IATSE (Official site) Interactive 30 mile map of the Studio Zone Coordinates: 34°04′33″N 118°22′36″W / 34.07583°N 118.37667°W / 34.07583; -118.37667 Retrieved from "" Categories: Geography of Los AngelesCulture of Los AngelesEntertainment in the United StatesFilm productionHidden categories: Coordinates on Wikidata

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The Intersection At The Center Of The Studio Zone: West Beverly Blvd And North La Cienega Blvd In Los AngelesStudio Zone Is Located In The Los Angeles Metropolitan AreaEntertainment IndustryBeverly BoulevardLa Cienega BoulevardLos AngelesCaliforniaLos Angeles County, CaliforniaVentura County, CaliforniaOrange County, CaliforniaTrade UnionMovie RanchHollywoodSecond UnitAssociation Of Motion Picture And Television ProducersMetro-Goldwyn-MayerThousand Oaks, CaliforniaCastaic LakeAgua Dulce, CaliforniaCastaic, CaliforniaLeo Carrillo State ParkMoorpark, CaliforniaOntario International AirportPiru, CaliforniaPomona, CaliforniaFairplexLa Verne, CaliforniaLancaster, CaliforniaPort Hueneme, CaliforniaPomona, CaliforniaRunaway ProductionNew OrleansVancouverNew York CityTime WarnerWebsiteTMZ.comFilming LocationMovie RanchRMS Queen MaryGeographic Coordinate SystemHelp:CategoryCategory:Geography Of Los AngelesCategory:Culture Of Los AngelesCategory:Entertainment In The United StatesCategory:Film ProductionCategory:Coordinates On WikidataDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

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