Contents 1 Early history 1.1 1789–1800 1.2 Architectural competition 1.3 Design influences 1.4 Construction 1.5 Architectural description 1.6 Naming conventions 2 Evolution of the White House 2.1 Early use, the 1814 fire, and rebuilding 2.2 Overcrowding and building the West Wing 2.3 Truman reconstruction 2.4 Jacqueline Kennedy restoration 3 The White House since the Kennedy restoration 3.1 Layout and amenities 3.2 Executive Residence 3.3 West Wing 3.4 East Wing 3.5 Grounds 4 Public access and security 4.1 Historical accessibility 4.2 Aviation incidents 4.3 Closure of Pennsylvania Avenue 4.4 Protection 5 See also 6 References 7 Bibliography 8 Further reading 9 External links

Early history 1789–1800 Following his April 1789 inauguration, President George Washington occupied two executive mansions in New York City: the Samuel Osgood House at 3 Cherry Street (April 1789 – February 1790), and the Alexander Macomb House at 39–41 Broadway (February–August 1790). In May 1790, New York began construction of Government House for his official residence, but he never occupied it. The national capital moved to Philadelphia in December 1790. The July 1790 Residence Act named Philadelphia, Pennsylvania the temporary national capital for a 10-year period while the Federal City was under construction. The City of Philadelphia rented Robert Morris's city house at 190 High Street (now 524–30 Market Street) for Washington's presidential residence. The first U.S. President occupied the Market Street mansion from November 1790 to March 1797 and altered it in ways that may have influenced the design of the White House. As part of a futile effort to have Philadelphia named the permanent national capital, Pennsylvania built a much grander presidential mansion several blocks away, but Washington declined to occupy it. President John Adams also occupied the Market Street mansion from March 1797 to May 1800. On Saturday,[5] November 1, 1800,[6] he became the first president to occupy the White House. The President's House in Philadelphia became a hotel and was demolished in 1832, while the unused presidential mansion became home to the University of Pennsylvania. First Presidential Mansion: Samuel Osgood House, Manhattan, New York. Occupied by Washington: April 1789 – February 1790.  Second Presidential Mansion: Alexander Macomb House, Manhattan, New York. Occupied by Washington: February–August 1790.  Third Presidential Mansion: President's House, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Occupied by Washington: November 1790 – March 1797. Occupied by Adams: March 1797 – May 1800.  Government House, Manhattan, New York (1790–1791). Built to be the permanent presidential mansion, Congress moved the national capital to Philadelphia before its completion.  House intended for the President, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (1790s). Built to be the permanent presidential mansion, neither Washington nor Adams would occupy it.  Architectural competition Hoban's Charleston County Courthouse, Charleston, South Carolina, 1790–92, was admired by Washington. A 1793 elevation by James Hoban. His 3-story, 9-bay original submission was altered into this 2-story, 11-bay design. Drawing of Andrea Palladio, Project for Francesco et Lodovico de Trissini, from the book I quattro libri dell'architettura, 1570 The North Portico of the White House compared to Leinster House The Château de Rastignac compared to the South Portico of the White House, ca. 1846 The President's House was a major feature of Pierre (Peter) Charles L'Enfant's' plan for the newly established federal city, Washington, D.C. (see: L'Enfant Plan).[7][8] The architect of the White House was chosen in a design competition which received nine proposals, including one submitted anonymously by Thomas Jefferson.[9] President Washington visited Charleston, South Carolina in May 1791 on his "Southern Tour", and saw the under-construction Charleston County Courthouse designed by Irish architect James Hoban. He is reputed to have met with Hoban then. The following year, he summoned the architect to Philadelphia and met with him in June 1792.[10] On July 16, 1792, the President met with the commissioners of the federal city to make his judgment in the architectural competition. His review is recorded as being brief, and he quickly selected Hoban's submission.[11] Washington was not entirely pleased with the original submission, however; he found it too small, lacking ornament, and not monumental enough to house the nation's president. On his recommendation, the house was changed from three stories to two and was widened from a nine-bay facade to an 11-bay facade. Hoban's competition drawings do not survive.[citation needed] Design influences The building has classical inspiration sources, that could be found directly or indirectly in the Roman architect Vitruvius or in Andrea Palladio styles; Palladio being an Italian architect of the Renaissance which had a considerable influence on the Western architecture (Palladian architecture). The building Hoban designed is verifiably influenced by the upper floors of Leinster House, in Dublin, which later became the seat of the Oireachtas (the Irish parliament).[12] Several other Georgian-era Irish country houses have been suggested as sources of inspiration for the overall floor plan, details like the bow-fronted south front, and interior details like the former niches in the present Blue Room. These influences, though undocumented, are cited in the official White House guide, and in White House Historical Association publications. The first official White House guide, published in 1962, suggested a link between Hoban's design for the South Portico and Château de Rastignac, a neoclassical country house located in La Bachellerie in the Dordogne region of France and designed by Mathurin Salat. Construction on the French house was initially started before 1789, interrupted by the French Revolution for twenty years and then finally built 1812–1817 (based on Salat's pre-1789 design).[13] The theoretical link between the two houses has been criticized because Hoban did not visit France. Supporters of a connection posit that Thomas Jefferson, during his tour of Bordeaux in 1789, viewed Salat's architectural drawings (which were on-file at the College) at the École Spéciale d'Architecture (Bordeaux Architectural College).[14] On his return to the U.S. he then shared the influence with Washington, Hoban, Monroe, and Benjamin Henry Latrobe.[13] Construction Construction of the White House began with the laying of the cornerstone on October 13, 1792, although there was no formal ceremony.[15] The main residence, as well as foundations of the house, were built largely by enslaved and free African-American laborers, as well as employed Europeans.[16] Much of the other work on the house was performed by immigrants, many not yet with citizenship. The sandstone walls were erected by Scottish immigrants, employed by Hoban,[17] as were the high-relief rose and garland decorations above the north entrance and the "fish scale" pattern beneath the pediments of the window hoods. There are conflicting claims as to where the sandstone used in the construction of the White House originated. Some reports suggest sandstone from the Croatian island of Brač (specifically the Pučišća querry whose stone was used to build the ancient Roman palace of Emperor Diocletian) was used in the original construction of the building, contrarily researchers believe limestone from the island was used in the 1902 renovations and not the original construction. Others suggest the original sandstone simply came from Aquia Creek in Stafford County, Virginia, as importing the stone would be too costly.[18][19][20] The initial construction took place over a period of eight years, at a reported cost of $232,371.83 (equal to $3,350,711 today). Although not yet completed, the White House was ready for occupancy circa November 1, 1800.[21] Shortages, including material and labor, forced alterations to the earlier plan developed by French engineer Pierre Charles L'Enfant for a "palace" that was five times larger than the house that was eventually built.[17] The finished structure contained only two main floors instead of the planned three, and a less costly brick served as a lining for the stone façades. When construction was finished, the porous sandstone walls were whitewashed with a mixture of lime, rice glue, casein, and lead, giving the house its familiar color and name.[17] As it is a famed structure in America, several replicas of the White House have been constructed. Architectural description The north front is the principal façade of the White House and consists of three floors and eleven bays. The ground floor is hidden by a raised carriage ramp and parapet, thus the façade appears to be of two floors. The central three bays are behind a prostyle portico (this was a later addition to the house, built circa 1830) serving, thanks to the carriage ramp, as a porte cochere. The windows of the four bays flanking the portico, at first-floor level, have alternating pointed and segmented pediments, while at second-floor level the pediments are flat. The principal entrance at the center of the portico is surmounted by a lunette fanlight. Above the entrance is a sculpted floral festoon. The roofline is hidden by a balustraded parapet. The mansion's southern façade is a combination of the Palladian and neoclassical styles of architecture. It is of three floors, all visible. The ground floor is rusticated in the Palladian fashion. At the center of the façade is a neoclassical projecting bow of three bays. The bow is flanked by five bays, the windows of which, as on the north façade, have alternating segmented and pointed pediments at first-floor level. The bow has a ground floor double staircase leading to an Ionic colonnaded loggia (with the Truman Balcony at second-floor level), known as the south portico. The more modern third floor is hidden by a balustraded parapet and plays no part in the composition of the façade. Naming conventions The building was originally variously referred to as the "President's Palace", "Presidential Mansion", or "President's House".[22] The earliest evidence of the public calling it the "White House" was recorded in 1811.[23] A myth emerged that during the rebuilding of the structure after the Burning of Washington, white paint was applied to mask the burn damage it had suffered,[24] giving the building its namesake hue.[25] The name "Executive Mansion" was used in official contexts until President Theodore Roosevelt established the formal name by having "White House–Washington" engraved on the stationery in 1901.[26][27] The current letterhead wording and arrangement "The White House" with the word "Washington" centered beneath goes back to the administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt.[27] Although the structure was not completed until some years after the presidency of George Washington, there is speculation that the name of the traditional residence of the President of the United States may have derived from Martha Washington's home, White House Plantation in Virginia, where the nation's first President had courted the First Lady in the mid-18th century.[28]

Evolution of the White House Early use, the 1814 fire, and rebuilding On Saturday, November 1, 1800, John Adams became the first president to take residence in the building.[17] During Adams' second day in the house, he wrote a letter to his wife Abigail, containing a prayer for the house. Adams wrote: I pray Heaven to bestow the best of blessings on this House, and all that shall hereafter inhabit it. May none but honest and wise men ever rule under this roof.[29] Franklin D. Roosevelt had Adams's blessing carved into the mantel in the State Dining Room.[29] Adams lived in the house only briefly before Thomas Jefferson moved into the "pleasant country residence"[30] in 1801. Despite his complaints that the house was too big ("big enough for two emperors, one pope, and the grand lama in the bargain"[31]), Jefferson considered how the White House might be added to. With Benjamin Henry Latrobe, he helped lay out the design for the East and West Colonnades, small wings that help conceal the domestic operations of laundry, a stable and storage.[17] Today, Jefferson's colonnades link the residence with the East and West Wings.[17] In 1814, during the War of 1812, the White House was set ablaze by British troops[32] during the Burning of Washington, in retaliation for burning Upper Canada's Parliament Buildings in the Battle of York; much of Washington was affected by these fires as well. Only the exterior walls remained, and they had to be torn down and mostly reconstructed because of weakening from the fire and subsequent exposure to the elements, except for portions of the south wall. Of the numerous objects taken from the White House when it was ransacked by British troops, only two have been recovered. Employees and slaves rescued a painting of George Washington,[32] and in 1939, a Canadian man returned a jewelry box to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, claiming that his grandfather had taken it from Washington. Some observers allege that most of these spoils were lost when a convoy of British ships led by HMS Fantome sank en route to Halifax off Prospect during a storm on the night of November 24, 1814,[33][34] even though Fantome had no involvement in that action.[35] After the fire, President James Madison resided in The Octagon House from 1814 to 1815, and then the Seven Buildings from 1815 to the end of his term.[36] Meanwhile, both architect Benjamin Henry Latrobe and Hoban contributed to the design and oversight of the reconstruction, which lasted from 1815 until 1817. The south portico was constructed in 1824 during the James Monroe administration; the north portico was built six years later.[17] Though Latrobe proposed similar porticos before the fire in 1814, both porticos were built as designed by Hoban.[37] An elliptical portico at Château de Rastignac in La Bachellerie, France with nearly identical curved stairs is speculated as the source of inspiration due to its similarity with the South Portico,[38] although this matter is one of great debate.[39] Italian artisans, brought to Washington to help in constructing the U.S. Capitol, carved the decorative stonework on both porticos. Contrary to speculation, the North Portico was not modeled on a similar portico on another Dublin building, the Viceregal Lodge (now Áras an Uachtaráin, residence of the President of Ireland), for its portico postdates the White House porticos' design.[38] For the North Portico, a variation on the Ionic Order was devised incorporating a swag of roses between the volutes. This was done to link the new portico with the earlier carved roses above the entrance. The White House as it looked following the conflagration of August 24, 1814 Jefferson and Latrobe's West Wing Colonnade, in this nineteenth-century engraved view, is now the James S. Brady Press Briefing Room. Principal story plan for the white house by Benjamin Henry Latrobe, 1807. Earliest known photograph of the White House, taken c. 1846 by John Plumbe during the administration of James K. Polk. Overcrowding and building the West Wing Entrance Hall in 1882, showing the new Tiffany glass screen By the time of the American Civil War, the White House had become overcrowded. The location of the White House was questioned, just north of a canal and swampy lands, which provided conditions ripe for malaria and other unhealthy conditions.[40] Brigadier General Nathaniel Michler was tasked to propose solutions to address these concerns. He proposed abandoning the use of the White House as a residence and designed a new estate for the first family at Meridian Hill in Washington, D.C., but Congress rejected the plan.[40] Proposed additions to the White House, drawn by architect Frederick D. Owen (1901). The White House North Lawn in the 1860s, during the Abraham Lincoln administration When Chester Arthur took office in 1881, he ordered renovations to the White House to take place as soon as the recently widowed Lucretia Garfield moved out. Arthur inspected the work almost nightly and made several suggestions. Louis Comfort Tiffany was asked to send selected designers to assist. Over twenty wagonloads of furniture and household items were removed from the building and sold at a public auction.[41] All that was saved were bust portraits of John Adams and Martin Van Buren.[42] A proposal was made to build a new residence south of the White House, but it failed to gain support. In the fall of 1882 work was done on the main corridor, including tinting the walls pale olive and adding squares of gold leaf, and decorating the ceiling in gold and silver, and colorful traceries woven to spell "USA". The Red Room was painted a dull Pomeranian red, and its ceiling was decorated with gold, silver, and copper stars and stripes of red, white, and blue. A fifty-foot jeweled Tiffany glass screen, supported by imitation marble columns, replaced the glass doors that separated the main corridor from the north vestibule.[43][44] In 1891, First Lady Caroline Harrison proposed major extensions to the White House, including a National Wing on the east for a historical art gallery, and a wing on the west for official functions.[40] A plan was devised by Colonel Theodore A. Bingham, which reflected the Harrison proposal.[40] These plans were ultimately rejected. However, in 1902 Theodore Roosevelt hired McKim, Mead & White to carry out expansions and renovations in a neoclassical style suited to the building's architecture, removing the Tiffany screen and all Victorian additions.[45][46] Charles McKim himself designed and managed the project, which gave more living space to the President's large family by removing a staircase in the West Hall and moving executive office staff from the second floor of the residence into the new West Wing.[17] President William Howard Taft enlisted the help of architect Nathan C. Wyeth to add additional space to the West Wing, which included the addition of the Oval Office.[40] In 1925, Congress enacted legislation allowing the White House to accept gifts of furniture and art for the first time.[47] The West Wing was damaged by fire in 1929, but rebuilt during the remaining years of the Herbert Hoover presidency. In the 1930s, a second story was added, as well as a larger basement for White House staff, and President Franklin Roosevelt had the Oval Office moved to its present location: adjacent to the Rose Garden.[17] Truman reconstruction Main article: White House Reconstruction Truman reconstruction, 1949–1952, a steel structure is built within the exterior shell Decades of poor maintenance, the construction of a fourth story attic during the Coolidge administration, and the addition of a second-floor balcony over the south portico for Harry S. Truman[48] took a great toll on the brick and sandstone structure built around a timber frame.[17] By 1948, the house was declared to be in imminent danger of collapse, forcing President Truman to commission a reconstruction and to live across the street at Blair House from 1949 to 1951.[49] The work, done by the firm of Philadelphia contractor John McShain, required the complete dismantling of the interior spaces, construction of a new load-bearing internal steel frame and the reconstruction of the original rooms within the new structure.[48] The total cost of the renovations was about $5.7 million (US$54 million in 2018).[50] Some modifications to the floor plan were made, the largest being the repositioning of the grand staircase to open into the Entrance Hall, rather than the Cross Hall.[48] Central air conditioning was added, as well as two additional sub-basements providing space for workrooms, storage, and a bomb shelter.[17] The Trumans moved back into the White House on March 27, 1952.[17] While the house's structure was kept intact by the Truman reconstruction, much of the new interior finishes were generic, and of little historic value. Much of the original plasterwork, some dating back to the 1814–1816 rebuilding, was too damaged to reinstall, as was the original robust Beaux Arts paneling in the East Room. President Truman had the original timber frame sawed into paneling; the walls of the Vermeil Room, Library, China Room, and Map Room on the ground floor of the main residence were paneled in wood from the timbers.[51] Jacqueline Kennedy restoration The Red Room as designed by Stéphane Boudin during the presidency of John F. Kennedy President Kennedy and Vice President Johnson strolling along the Ellipse, outside the South Portico Jacqueline Kennedy, wife of President John F. Kennedy (1961–63), directed a very extensive and historic redecoration of the house. She enlisted the help of Henry Francis du Pont of the Winterthur Museum to assist in collecting artifacts for the mansion, many of which had once been housed there.[52] Other antiques, fine paintings, and improvements of the Kennedy period were donated to the White House by wealthy philanthropists, including the Crowninshield family, Jane Engelhard, Jayne Wrightsman, and the Oppenheimer family. Stéphane Boudin of the House of Jansen, a Paris interior-design firm that had been recognized worldwide, was employed by Jacqueline Kennedy to assist with the decoration.[52] Different periods of the early republic and world history were selected as a theme for each room: the Federal style for the Green Room, French Empire for the Blue Room, American Empire for the Red Room, Louis XVI for the Yellow Oval Room, and Victorian for the President's study, renamed the Treaty Room. Antique furniture was acquired, and decorative fabric and trim based on period documents was produced and installed. The Kennedy restoration resulted in a more authentic White House of grander stature, which recalled the French taste of Madison and Monroe.[52] In the Diplomatic Reception Room, Mrs. Kennedy installed an antique "Vue de l'Amérique Nord" wallpaper which Zuber & Cie had designed in 1834. The wallpaper had hung previously on the walls of another mansion until 1961 when that house was demolished for a grocery store. Just before the demolition, the wallpaper was salvaged and sold to the White House. The first White House guidebook was produced under the direction of curator Lorraine Waxman Pearce with direct supervision from Mrs. Kennedy.[53] Sale of the guidebook helped finance the restoration. Kennedy showed her restoration of the White House to the public in a televised tour of the house on Valentine's Day in 1962.[54]

The White House since the Kennedy restoration White House complex, setting viewed from north with Potomac River, Jefferson Memorial and Washington Monument to south Congress enacted legislation in September 1961 declaring the White House a museum. Furniture, fixtures, and decorative arts could now be declared either historic or of artistic interest by the President. This prevented them from being sold (as many objects in the executive mansion had been in the past 150 years). When not in use or display at the White House, these items were to be turned over to the Smithsonian Institution for preservation, study, storage, or exhibition. The White House retains the right to have these items returned.[55] Out of respect for the historic character of the White House, no substantive architectural changes have been made to the house since the Truman renovation.[56] Since the Kennedy restoration, every presidential family has made some changes to the private quarters of the White House, but the Committee for the Preservation of the White House must approve any modifications to the State Rooms. Charged with maintaining the historical integrity of the White House, the congressionally authorized committee works with each First Family—usually represented by the First Lady, the White House Curator, and the Chief Usher—to implement the family's proposals for altering the house.[57] During the Nixon Administration (1969–1974), First Lady Pat Nixon refurbished the Green Room, Blue Room, and Red Room, working with Clement Conger, the curator appointed by President Richard Nixon.[58] Mrs. Nixon's efforts brought more than 600 artifacts to the house, the largest acquisition by any administration.[59] Her husband created the modern press briefing room over Franklin Roosevelt's old swimming pool.[60] Nixon also added a single-lane bowling alley to the White House basement.[61] Computers and the first laser printer were added during the Carter administration, and the use of computer technology was expanded during the Reagan administration.[62] A Carter-era innovation, a set of solar water heating panels that were mounted on the roof of the White House, was removed during Reagan's presidency.[63][64] Redecorations were made to the private family quarters and maintenance was made to public areas during the Reagan years.[65] The house was accredited as a museum in 1988.[65] In the 1990s, Bill and Hillary Clinton refurbished some rooms with the assistance of Arkansas decorator Kaki Hockersmith, including the Oval Office, the East Room, Blue Room, State Dining Room, Lincoln Bedroom, and Lincoln Sitting Room.[66] During the administration of George W. Bush, First Lady Laura Bush refurbished the Lincoln Bedroom in a style contemporary with the Lincoln era; the Green Room, Cabinet Room, and theater were also refurbished.[66] The White House became one of the first wheelchair-accessible government buildings in Washington when modifications were made during the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt, who used a wheelchair because of his paralytic illness. In the 1990s, Hillary Clinton, at the suggestion of Visitors Office Director Melinda N. Bates, approved the addition of a ramp in the East Wing corridor. It allowed easy wheelchair access for the public tours and special events that enter through the secure entrance building on the east side. In 2003, the Bush administration reinstalled solar thermal heaters.[64] These units are used to heat water for landscape maintenance personnel and for the presidential pool and spa. 167 solar photovoltaic grid-tied panels were installed at the same time on the roof of the maintenance facility. The changes were not publicized as a White House spokeswoman said the changes were an internal matter. The story was picked up by industry trade journals.[67] In 2013, President Barack Obama had a set of solar panels installed on the roof of the White House, making it the first time solar power would be used for the president's living quarters.[68][69] The president usually travels to and from the White House grounds via official motorcade or helicopter. The journey by helicopter was inaugurated in the 1950s when President Dwight D. Eisenhower began traveling on Marine One to and from his official residence.[70] Layout and amenities Today the group of buildings housing the presidency is known as the White House Complex. It includes the central Executive Residence flanked by the East Wing and West Wing. The Chief Usher coordinates day to day household operations. The White House includes: six stories and 55,000 ft2 (5,100 m2) of floor space, 132 rooms and 35 bathrooms, 412 doors, 147 windows, twenty-eight fireplaces, eight staircases, three elevators, five full-time chefs, a tennis court, a (single-lane) bowling alley, a movie theater (officially called the White House Family Theater[71]), a jogging track, a swimming pool, and a putting green.[27] It receives up to 30,000 visitors each week.[72] Layout of entire site White House Complex West Wing Ground floor State floor Second floor (residence) Executive Residence Main article: Executive Residence The original residence is in the center. Two colonnades—one on the east and one on the west—designed by Jefferson, now serve to connect the East and West Wings added later. The Executive Residence houses the president's dwelling, as well as rooms for ceremonies and official entertaining. The State Floor of the residence building includes the East Room, Green Room, Blue Room, Red Room, State Dining Room, Family Dining Room, Cross Hall, Entrance Hall, and Grand Staircase.[73] The Ground Floor is made up of the Diplomatic Reception Room, Map Room, China Room, Vermeil Room, Library, the main kitchen, and other offices.[74] The second floor family residence includes the Yellow Oval Room, East and West Sitting Halls, the White House Master Bedroom, President's Dining Room, the Treaty Room, Lincoln Bedroom and Queens' Bedroom, as well as two additional bedrooms, a smaller kitchen, and a private dressing room.[75] The third floor consists of the White House Solarium, Game Room, Linen Room, a Diet Kitchen, and another sitting room (previously used as President George W. Bush's workout room).[76] West Wing Main article: West Wing The West Wing houses the President's office (the Oval Office) and offices of his senior staff, with room for about 50 employees. It also includes the Cabinet Room, where the president conducts business meetings and where the Cabinet meets,[77] as well as the White House Situation Room, James S. Brady Press Briefing Room, and Roosevelt Room.[78] In 2007, work was completed on renovations of the press briefing room, adding fiber optic cables and LCD screens for the display of charts and graphs.[79] The makeover took 11 months and cost of $8 million, out of which news outlets paid $2 million.[79] In September 2010, a two-year project began on the West Wing, creating a multistory underground structure;[80] this will be followed with additional renovation of the wing.[81] The Oval Office, Roosevelt Room, and other portions of the West Wing were partially replicated on a sound stage and used as the setting for the popular television show The West Wing.[82] East Wing Main article: East Wing The East Wing, which contains additional office space, was added to the White House in 1942. Among its uses, the East Wing has intermittently housed the offices and staff of the First Lady, and the White House Social Office. Rosalynn Carter, in 1977, was the first to place her personal office in the East Wing and to formally call it the "Office of the First Lady". The East Wing was built during World War II in order to hide the construction of an underground bunker to be used in emergencies. The bunker has come to be known as the Presidential Emergency Operations Center. Grounds The White House and grounds cover just over 18 acres (about 7.3 hectares). Before the construction of the North Portico, most public events were entered from the South Lawn, which was graded and planted by Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson also drafted a planting plan for the North Lawn that included large trees that would have mostly obscured the house from Pennsylvania Avenue. During the mid-to-late 19th century a series of ever larger greenhouses were built on the west side of the house, where the current West Wing is located. During this period, the North Lawn was planted with ornate carpet-style flowerbeds. The general layout of the White House grounds today is based on the 1935 design by Frederick Law Olmsted Jr. of the Olmsted Brothers firm, commissioned by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. During the Kennedy administration, the White House Rose Garden was redesigned by Rachel Lambert Mellon. The Rose Garden borders the West Colonnade. Bordering the East Colonnade is the Jacqueline Kennedy Garden, which was begun by Jacqueline Kennedy but completed after her husband's assassination. On the weekend of June 23, 2006, a century-old American Elm (Ulmus americana L.) tree on the north side of the building, came down during one of the many storms amid intense flooding. Among the oldest trees on the grounds are several magnolias (Magnolia grandiflora) planted by Andrew Jackson, including the Jackson Magnolia, reportedly grown from a sprout taken from the favorite tree of Jackson's recently deceased wife, the sprout planted after Jackson moved into the White House. The tree stood for over 200 years; but in 2017, having become too weak to stand on its own, it was decided it should be removed and replaced with one of its offspring.[83][84] Michelle Obama planted the White House's first organic garden and installed beehives on the South Lawn of the White House, which will supply organic produce and honey to the First Family and for state dinners and other official gatherings.[85] The Cross Hall, connecting the State Dining Room and the East Room on the State Floor Marine One prepares for landing on the South Lawn where State Arrival Ceremonies for visiting heads of state take place. The White House and surrounding grounds The White House with fountain and grounds White House from the north

Public access and security See also: White House Visitors Office and List of White House security breaches Historical accessibility Like the English and Irish country houses it was modeled on, the White House was, from the start, open to the public until the early part of the 20th century. President Thomas Jefferson held an open house for his second inaugural in 1805, and many of the people at his swearing-in ceremony at the Capitol followed him home, where he greeted them in the Blue Room. Those open houses sometimes became rowdy: in 1829, President Andrew Jackson had to leave for a hotel when roughly 20,000 citizens celebrated his inauguration inside the White House. His aides ultimately had to lure the mob outside with washtubs filled with a potent cocktail of orange juice and whiskey. Even so, the practice continued until 1885, when newly elected Grover Cleveland arranged for a presidential review of the troops from a grandstand in front of the White House instead of the traditional open house. Jefferson also permitted public tours of his house, which have continued ever since, except during wartime, and began the tradition of annual receptions on New Year's Day and on the Fourth of July. Those receptions ended in the early 1930s, although President Bill Clinton briefly revived the New Year's Day open house in his first term. The White House remained accessible in other ways; President Abraham Lincoln complained that he was constantly beleaguered by job seekers waiting to ask him for political appointments or other favors, or eccentric dispensers of advice like "General" Daniel Pratt, as he began the business day. Lincoln put up with the annoyance rather than risk alienating some associate or friend of a powerful politician or opinion maker.[citation needed] Aviation incidents This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (April 2015) In February 1974, a stolen army helicopter landed without authorization on the White House's grounds.[86] Twenty years later, in 1994, a light plane flown by Frank Eugene Corder crashed on the White House grounds, and he died instantly.[87] As a result of increased security regarding air traffic in the capital, the White House was evacuated in May 2005 before an unauthorized aircraft could approach the grounds.[88] Closure of Pennsylvania Avenue On May 20, 1995, primarily as a response to the Oklahoma City bombing of April 19, 1995, the United States Secret Service closed off Pennsylvania Avenue to vehicular traffic in front of the White House from the eastern edge of Lafayette Park to 17th Street. Later, the closure was extended an additional block to the east to 15th Street, and East Executive Avenue, a small street between the White House and the Treasury Building. After September 11, 2001, this was made permanent in addition to closing E Street between the South Portico of the White House and the Ellipse.[89] In response to the Boston Marathon bombing the road was closed to the public in its entirety for a period of two days. The Pennsylvania Avenue closing has been opposed by organized civic groups in Washington, D.C. They argue that the closing impedes traffic flow unnecessarily and is inconsistent with the well-conceived historic plan for the city. As for security considerations, they note that the White House is set much farther back from the street than numerous other sensitive federal buildings are.[90] Prior to its inclusion within the fenced compound that now includes the Old Executive Office Building to the west and the Treasury Building to the east, this sidewalk served as a queuing area for the daily public tours of the White House. These tours were suspended in the wake of the September 11 attacks. In September 2003, they resumed on a limited basis for groups making prior arrangements through their Congressional representatives or embassies in Washington for foreign nationals and submitting to background checks, but the White House remained closed to the public.[91] White House tours were suspended for most of 2013 due to budget constraints after sequestration.[92] The White House reopened to the public in November 2013.[93] Protection The White House Complex is protected by the United States Secret Service and the United States Park Police. NASAMS (Norwegian Advanced Surface to Air Missile System) were used to guard air space over Washington, D.C. during the 2005 presidential inauguration. The same NASAMS units have since been used to protect the president and all airspace around the White House, which is strictly prohibited to aircraft.[94][95] For security reasons, the section of Pennsylvania Avenue on the north side of the White House is closed to all vehicular traffic, except government officials. White House at night North front of the White House on the reverse (back) of the U.S. $20 bill.

See also Camp David Germantown White House Graphics and Calligraphy Office List of largest houses in the United States List of National Historic Landmarks in Washington, D.C. List of residences of Presidents of the United States List of residences of Presidents of the United States#Western White House Number One Observatory Circle, residence of the Vice President Reported White House ghosts Category:Rooms in the White House White House Acquisition Trust White House Chief Calligrapher White House Chief Floral Designer White House Christmas tree White House Communications Agency White House Endowment Trust White House Executive Chef White House Fellows White House History White House Social Secretary Government of the United States portal Washington, D.C. portal

References ^ "John Adams moves into White House".  ^ "Inside the White House: History". Retrieved January 21, 2017.  ^ Michael W. Fazio and Patrick A. Snadon (2006). The Domestic Architecture of Benjamin Henry Latrobe. The Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 364–366.  ^ to the Empire State Building ^ Brandus, Paul (2015). "Nov. 1, 1800: The White House Welcomes Its First President—John Adams". Under This Roof: A History of the White House and Presidency. Lyon Press. Archived from the original on November 23, 2016. Retrieved March 4, 2017 – via West Wing Reports.  ^ "John Adams".  ^ "Timelines-Architecture" (PDF). White House Historical Association. p. 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 30, 2006. Retrieved November 13, 2007.  ^ L'Enfant identified himself as "Peter Charles L'Enfant" during most of his life while residing in the United States. He wrote this name on his "Plan of the city intended for the permanent seat of the government of t(he) United States ...." (Washington, D.C.) and on other legal documents. However, during the early 1900s, a French ambassador to the U.S., Jean Jules Jusserand, popularized the use of L'Enfant's birth name, "Pierre Charles L'Enfant". (Reference: Bowling, Kenneth R (2002). Peter Charles L'Enfant: vision, honor, and male friendship in the early American Republic. George Washington University, Washington, D.C. ISBN 978-0-9727611-0-9). The United States Code states in 40 U.S.C. § 3309: "(a) In General.—The purposes of this chapter shall be carried out in the District of Columbia as nearly as may be practicable in harmony with the plan of Peter Charles L'Enfant." The National Park Service identifies L'Enfant as "Major Peter Charles L'Enfant" and as "Major Pierre (Peter) Charles L'Enfant" on its website. ^ Frary, Ihna Thayer (1969). They Built the Capitol. Ayer Publishing. p. 27. ISBN 978-0-8369-5089-2.  ^ William Seale, "James Hoban: Builder of the White House" in White House History no. 22 (Spring 2008), pp. 8–12. ^ "Primary Document Activities". White House Historical Association. Archived from the original on November 9, 2007. Retrieved November 13, 2007.  ^ "The White House". National Park Service. Retrieved November 13, 2007.  ^ a b Johnson, Michael (May 10, 2006). "Our White House in France?". TheColumnists.Com. Archived from the original on July 4, 2011. Retrieved February 24, 2017.  ^ Johnson, Michael (September 15, 2006). "A chateau fit for a president". New York Times. Retrieved June 1, 2011.  ^ Ecker, Grace Dunlop (1933). A Portrait of Old Georgetown. Garrett & Massie, Inc. p. 36.  ^ "African Americans in the White House Timeline". White House Historical Association. Retrieved March 21, 2016.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "White House Tour Essays: The Overview". White House Historical Association. Archived from the original on October 28, 2007. Retrieved November 7, 2007.  ^ Zentz, Wendy (1986-11-09). "Yugoslavs Claim Bit Of White House". SunSentinel. Retrieved 2018-02-13.  ^ Podolak, Janet (2010-10-17). "Stone from island off Croatia made White House and ancient Roman palace". The News-Herald. Retrieved 2018-02-13.  ^ "Croatia's Stone industry is expanding". Retrieved 2018-02-13.  ^ "Overview of the White House". White House Museum. Retrieved November 9, 2007.  ^ Seale, William (1986). The President's House, A History. Volume I. White House Historical Association. pp. 1, 23. ISBN 978-0-912308-28-9.  ^ Seale, William (1992). The White House, The History of an American Idea. The American Institute of Architects Press. pp. 35. 1. ISBN 978-1-55835-049-6.  ^ Unger, Harlow (2009). The Last Founding Father:James Monroe and a Nation's Call to Greatness. New York: Da Capo Press. p. 277. ISBN 978-0-306-81808-0.  ^ New York Life Insurance Company (1908), entry ^ Seale, William (1986). The President's House, A History. Volume II. White House Historical Association. p. 689.1. ISBN 978-0-912308-28-9.  ^ a b c "White House Facts". The White House. Archived from the original on October 10, 2007. Retrieved February 24, 2017.  ^ K.W. Poore and Associates, Inc.; Earth Design Associates, Inc. (June 2, 2002). "New Kent County Comprehensive Plan" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 31, 2007. Retrieved November 7, 2007.  ^ a b "The State Dining Room". White House Historical Association. Archived from the original on October 2, 2006. Retrieved November 2, 2007.  ^ "Jefferson Describes the White House". Original Manuscripts and Primary Sources. Shapell Manuscript Foundation.  ^ John Whitcomb, Real Life at the White House: 200 Years of Daily Life at America's Most Famous Residence. Routledge, 2000. ISBN 978-0-415-92320-0. p. 15. ^ a b "The East Room". White House Historical Association. Archived from the original on October 7, 2007. Retrieved November 2, 2007.  ^ "Treasure hunt or modern-day pirates?". 2006. Archived from the original on December 3, 2007. Retrieved January 28, 2011.  ^ Usborne, David (November 27, 2005). "British warship sunk during war with US may hold lost treasures of White House". The Independent. London. Retrieved January 28, 2011.  ^ Young, G.F.W. "HMS Fantome and the British Raid on Washington August 1814". Royal Nova Scotia Historical Society Journal. 10: 132–145.  ^ Haas, Irvin. Historic Homes of the American Presidents. New York: Dover Publishing, 1991, p. 30. ^ Michael W. Fazio and Patrick A. Snadon (2006). The Domestic Architecture of Benjamin Henry Latrobe. The Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 368–370.  ^ a b "Architectural Improvements: 1825–1872". The White House Museum. Retrieved November 2, 2007.  ^ Johnson, Michael (September 15, 2006). "A chateau fit for a president". International Herald Tribune. Archived from the original on March 14, 2007. Retrieved November 2, 2007.  ^ a b c d e Epstein, Ellen Robinson (1971–1972). "The East and West Wings of the White House". Records of the Columbia Historical Society.  ^ Reeves, Thomas C. (1975). Gentleman Boss. NY, NY: Alfred A. Knopf. p. 268. ISBN 978-0-394-46095-6.  ^ Reeves, Thomas C. (1975). Gentleman Boss. NY, NY: Alfred A. Knopf. pp. n473. ISBN 978-0-394-46095-6.  ^ Reeves, Thomas C. (1975). Gentleman Boss. NY, NY: Alfred A. Knopf. p. 269. ISBN 978-0-394-46095-6.  ^ "The Grand Illumination: Sunset of the Gaslight Age, 1891". The White House Historical Association. Archived from the original on May 7, 2011. Retrieved December 12, 2013.  ^ "The Entrance Hall". The White House Museum. Retrieved December 12, 2013.  ^ "Theodore Roosevelt Renovation, 1902". The White House Museum. Retrieved December 12, 2013.  ^ Abbott & Rice 1998, p. 17. ^ a b c "Truman Reconstruction: 1948–1952". White House Museum. Retrieved November 7, 2007.  ^ Slesin, Suzanne (June 16, 1988). "Fit for Dignitaries, Blair House Reopens Its Stately Doors". The New York Times. Retrieved November 9, 2007.  ^ "Mrs. Truman Shows Off White House To News Writers". Palm Beach Post. UP. March 24, 1952. p. 7. Archived from the original on January 25, 2013. Retrieved March 29, 2012.  ^ "Library Art and Furnishings". The White House. Archived from the original on January 24, 2001. Retrieved November 7, 2007.  ^ a b c "Kennedy Renovation: 1961–1963". White House Museum. Retrieved November 7, 2007.  ^ "Jacqueline Kennedy in the White House". John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum. p. 3. Archived from the original on March 3, 2009. Retrieved November 9, 2007.  ^ "Jackie Kennedy's devotion to White House revealed". CBS News. February 14, 2012. Retrieved April 7, 2015.  ^ Abbott & Rice 1998, p. 29. ^ "Architecture: 1970s". White House Historical Association. Archived from the original on January 1, 2011. Retrieved December 7, 2008.  ^ "Executive Order 11145—Providing for a Curator of the White House and establishing a Committee for the Preservation of the White House". The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved November 8, 2007.  ^ Caroli, Betty Boyd (January 3, 2008). "Pat Nixon: American first lady". Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved January 21, 2017.  ^ "First Lady Biography: Pat Nixon". The National First Ladies Library. 2005. Retrieved November 8, 2007. For the White House itself, and thus for the American people, Pat Nixon also decided to accelerate the collection process of fine antiques as well as historically associative pieces, adding some 600 paintings and antiques to the White House Collection. It was the single greatest collecting during any Administration.  ^ "A Press Pool".  ^ "Ask the White House". The White House. May 9, 2005. Retrieved December 7, 2008.  ^ "Technology: 1980s". White House Historical Association. Archived from the original on December 2, 2008. Retrieved December 7, 2008.  ^ "Maine college to auction off former White House solar panels". October 28, 2004. Archived from the original on December 6, 2004. Retrieved January 31, 2010.  ^ a b Burdick, Dave (January 27, 2009). "White House Solar Panels: What Ever Happened To Carter's Solar Thermal Water Heater? (VIDEO)". Huffington Post. Retrieved January 31, 2010.  ^ a b "Decorative Arts: 1980s". White House Historical Association. Archived from the original on January 17, 2011. Retrieved December 7, 2008.  ^ a b Koncius, Jura (November 12, 2008). "White House makeover". The Californian. Archived from the original on December 6, 2008. Retrieved December 7, 2008.  ^ "SOLAR ENERGY IS BACK AT THE WHITE HOUSE".  ^ "Solar panels installed on White House roof". Fox News. August 15, 2013.  ^ News, ABC. "White House Finally Gets Solar Panels".  ^ "Technology: 1950s". White House Historical Association. Archived from the original on October 19, 2010. Retrieved December 7, 2008.  ^ Ted Johnson (July 23, 2011). "Now playing at the White House: East Wing holds movie theater for First Family and friends". Variety. Retrieved November 19, 2012.  ^ Bumiller, Elizabeth (January 2009). "Inside the Presidency". National Geographic. Retrieved June 24, 2012.  ^ "White House Residence First Floor". White House Museum. Retrieved November 9, 2007.  ^ "White House Residence Ground Floor". White House Museum. Retrieved November 9, 2007.  ^ "White House Residence Second Floor". White House Museum. Retrieved November 9, 2007.  ^ "White House Residence Third Floor". White House Museum. Retrieved November 9, 2007.  ^ "Debates and Decisions: Life in the Cabinet Room". The White House. Retrieved November 9, 2007.  ^ "White House History and Tours". The White House. Archived from the original on November 22, 2002. Retrieved November 9, 2007.  ^ a b Mike Allen (July 7, 2007). "White House Press Room to reopen". The Politico.  ^ "White House Big Dig wraps up, but the project remains shrouded in mystery". New York Daily News. Associated Press. September 13, 2012. Retrieved February 9, 2013.  ^ Graham Smith (January 31, 2012). "It's official! Obama will definitely be out of the Oval Office next year... when it closes for renovation". Daily Mail. London. Retrieved February 9, 2013.  ^ "The West Wing of The West Wing". The White House Museum.  ^ "White House Magnolia Tree Planted by Andrew Jackson Will Be Cut Down". Smithsonian Magazine. December 28, 2017. Retrieved December 28, 2017.  ^ "The story of the White House's famous magnolia tree". Washington Post. December 27, 2017. Retrieved December 28, 2017.  ^ "Michelle Obama Goes Organic and Brings in the Bees". Washington Whispers. March 28, 2009. Retrieved August 15, 2010.  ^ Freeze, Christopher. "The Time a Stolen Helicopter Landed on the White House Lawn - Robert Preston's wild ride". Air & Space. Smithsonian. Retrieved March 22, 2017.  ^ "White House security scares". BBC News. February 7, 2001.  ^ Joe Johns; Kelli Arena; Kathleen Koch (May 12, 2005). "Intruding pilots released without charges". CNN. Retrieved November 8, 2007.  ^ "Public Report of the White House Security Review". Order of the Secretary of the Treasury. Retrieved November 8, 2007.  ^ "Statement of Committee of 100 on the Federal City and The National Coalition to Save Our Mall". National Coalition to Save Our Mall, Inc. 2004. Archived from the original on April 25, 2003. Retrieved November 8, 2007.  ^ "Visiting the White House". The White House. Archived from the original on September 13, 2001. Retrieved November 8, 2007.  ^ Hennessey, Kathleen (March 5, 2013). "White House tours canceled due to federal budget cuts". LA Times. Retrieved March 6, 2013.  ^ "White House Tours To Resume In November (With A Catch)". International Business Times. Retrieved April 19, 2014.  ^ "Norske våpen vokter presidenten : Gründer Økonomisk Rapport". Grunder. January 31, 2006. Archived from the original on August 1, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2010.  ^ "Norge sikret innsettelsen av Bush – Nyheter". Dagbladet. March 13, 2006. Retrieved August 15, 2010. 

Bibliography Abbott, James A.; Rice, Elaine M. (1998). Designing Camelot: The Kennedy White House Restoration. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. ISBN 0442025327. 

Further reading Abbott, James A. A Frenchman in Camelot: The Decoration of the Kennedy White House by Stéphane Boudin. Boscobel Restoration Inc.: 1995. ISBN 978-0-9646659-0-3. Abbott, James A. Jansen. Acanthus Press: 2006. ISBN 978-0-926494-33-6. Clinton, Hillary Rodham. An Invitation to the White House: At Home with History. Simon & Schuster: 2000. ISBN 978-0-684-85799-2. Garrett, Wendell. Our Changing White House. Northeastern University Press: 1995. ISBN 978-1-55553-222-2. Guidas, John. The White House: Resources for Research at the Library of Congress. Library of Congress, 1992. Huchet de Quénetain, Christophe.De quelques bronzes dorés français conservés à la Maison-Blanche à Washington La Revue, Pierre Bergé & associés, n°6, mars 2005 pp.54–5. OCLC 62701407. Kenny, Peter M., Frances F. Bretter and Ulrich Leben. Honoré Lannuier Cabinetmaker from Paris: The Life and Work of French Ébiniste in Federal New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York and Harry Abrams: 1998. ISBN 978-0-87099-836-2. Klara, Robert. The Hidden White House: Harry Truman and the Reconstruction of America's Most Famous Residence. Thomas Dunne Books: 2013. ISBN 978-1-2500-0027-9. Kloss, William. Art in the White House: A Nation's Pride. White House Historical Association in cooperation with the National Geographic Society, 1992. ISBN 978-0-8109-3965-3. Leish, Kenneth. The White House. Newsweek Book Division: 1972. ISBN 978-0-88225-020-5. McKellar, Kenneth, Douglas W. Orr, Edward Martin, et al. Report of the Commission on the Renovation of the Executive Mansion. Commission on the Renovation of the Executive Mansion, Government Printing Office: 1952. Monkman, Betty C. The White House: The Historic Furnishing & First Families. Abbeville Press: 2000. ISBN 978-0-7892-0624-4. New York Life Insurance Company. The Presidents from 1789 to 1908 and the History of the White House. New York Life Insurance Company: 1908. Penaud, Guy Dictionnaire des châteaux du Périgord. Editions Sud-Ouest: 1996. ISBN 978-2-87901-221-6. Phillips-Schrock, Patrick. The White House: An Illustrated Architectural History (Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2013) 196 pp. Seale, William. The President's House. White House Historical Association and the National Geographic Society: 1986. ISBN 978-0-912308-28-9. Seale, William, The White House: The History of an American Idea. White House Historical Association: 1992, 2001. ISBN 978-0-912308-85-2. West, J.B. with Mary Lynn Kotz. Upstairs at the White House: My Life with the First Ladies. Coward, McCann & Geoghegan: 1973. ISBN 978-0-698-10546-1. Wolff, Perry. A Tour of the White House with Mrs. John F. Kennedy. Doubleday & Company: 1962. Exhibition Catalogue, Sale 6834: The Estate of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis April 23–26, 1996. Sothebys, Inc.: 1996. The White House: An Historic Guide. White House Historical Association and the National Geographic Society: 2001. ISBN 978-0-912308-79-1. The White House. The First Two Hundred Years, ed. by Frank Freidel/William Pencak, Boston 1994.

External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to White House. Official website The White House Historical Association, with historical photos, online tours and exhibits, timelines, and facts President's Park (White House) part of the National Park Service The White House Museum, a detailed online tour Detailed 3D computer model of White House and grounds Video tours: "White House Holiday Tour with Laura Bush". C-SPAN. December 3, 2008.  "White House Tour". C-SPAN. July 7, 1998.  "Popular video tours". C-SPAN. Retrieved August 1, 2015.  Geographic data related to White House at OpenStreetMap v t e White House Complex White House Executive Residence Basement Basement Chief Floral Designer Ground floor China Room collection Office of the Curator Diplomatic Reception Room Library Map Room Vermeil Room State floor Blue Room Cross Hall East Room Entrance Hall Family Dining Room Grand Staircase Green Room Red Room South Portico State Dining Room Chief Usher Second floor Center Hall Dressing Room East Bedroom East Sitting Hall Family Kitchen Lincoln Bedroom Lincoln Sitting Room President's Bedroom President's Dining Room Private Sitting Room Queens' Bedroom Queens' Sitting Room Treaty Room Truman Balcony West Bedroom West Sitting Hall Yellow Oval Room Third floor Center Hall Diet Kitchen Linen Room Music Room Sun Room Work-out Room West Wing Cabinet Room Executive Office Oval Office Oval Office Study Press Briefing Room Roosevelt Room Situation Room East Wing Office of the First Lady Graphics and Calligraphy Office Presidential Emergency Operations Center White House Family Theater Social Secretary Visitors Office White House Military Office Grounds The Ellipse Jacqueline Kennedy Garden Lafayette Square North Lawn President's Park Rose Garden South Lawn White House to Treasury Building tunnel Annex Eisenhower Executive Office Building New Executive Office Building White House Conference Center Blair House Trowbridge House Presidential Townhouse Nearby streets 15th Street 17th Street Constitution Avenue E Street East Executive Avenue H Street NW Hamilton Place Jackson Place Madison Place Pennsylvania Avenue State Place West Executive Avenue v t e Landmarks of Washington, D.C. Memorials Adams African American Civil War American Veterans Disabled for Life Belmont-Paul Women's Equality National Monument Mary McLeod Bethune Boy Scout James Buchanan D.C. War Albert Einstein Emancipation John Ericsson First Division James A. Garfield Samuel Gompers Ulysses S. Grant Holocaust Museum Holodomor Genocide Japanese American Patriotism During World War II Jefferson Memorial Lyndon Baines Johnson Grove John Paul Jones Marquis de Lafayette Law Enforcement Officers Lincoln Memorial Martin Luther King, Jr. Korean War Veterans George Mason George Meade National Statuary Hall Collection Navy – Merchant Marine Nuns of the Battlefield Peace Monument Pentagon Second Division Signers of the Declaration of Independence The Extra Mile The Three Soldiers Jean de Rochambeau Franklin Delano Roosevelt Theodore Roosevelt Island Taras Shevchenko Statues of the Liberators Oscar Straus Robert A. Taft Titanic United States Air Force United States Navy Victims of Communism Vietnam Veterans Vietnam Women's Washington Monument Daniel Webster World War II Rainbow Pool Other Capitol Reflecting Pool Immaculate Conception Basilica Ford's Theatre Petersen House Healy Hall Islamic Center Jefferson Pier John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts Library of Congress National Arboretum National Building Museum National Gallery of Art Lincoln's Cottage at Soldiers' Home Lincoln Memorial Reflecting Pool National Archives Newseum National Cathedral National Mall Old Post Office Pavilion Old Stone House Smithsonian Institution The Arts of War and The Arts of Peace Tidal Basin Treasury Building Tudor Place Union Station United States Capitol United States Supreme Court Building White House Willard Hotel Parks and plazas Constitution Gardens Dupont Circle East Potomac Park Freedom Plaza Lafayette Square L'Enfant Plaza Meridian Hill Park National Arboretum Pershing Park Rock Creek Park The Ellipse United States Botanic Garden West Potomac Park Boundaries Anacostia River Arlington Memorial Bridge Boundary Markers of the Original District of Columbia Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Constitution Avenue Francis Scott Key Bridge Pennsylvania Avenue Potomac River Zero Milestone Planned Adams Memorial Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial General Francis Marion Memorial Gold Star Mothers Monument National Desert Storm and Desert Shield War Memorial National Liberty Memorial Peace Corps Monument World War I Related National Capital Memorial Advisory Commission National Mall and Memorial Parks List of National Historic Landmarks in Washington, D.C. National Register of Historic Places in Washington, D.C. Public art in Washington, D.C. (Outdoor sculpture, American Revolution Statuary, Civil War Monuments, commemorating African-Americans) v t e Former US Presidential Emergency Facilities Cannonball site 2 Cartwheel Corkscrew Cowpuncher Crown Crystal Government of the United States portal v t e U.S. National Register of Historic Places Topics Architectural style categories Contributing property Historic district History of the National Register of Historic Places Keeper of the Register National Park Service Property types Lists by states Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Lists by insular areas American Samoa Guam Minor Outlying Islands Northern Mariana Islands Puerto Rico Virgin Islands Lists by associated states Federated States of Micronesia Marshall Islands Palau Other areas District of Columbia Morocco Portal v t e Official government residences in North America  Antigua and Barbuda: Government House (GG)  Bahamas: Government House (GG)  Barbados: Government House (GG) Ilaro Court (PM)  Canada: Rideau Hall (Mon & GG) Citadelle of Quebec (GG) 24 Sussex Drive (PM) Harrington Lake (PM) Rideau Cottage (PM - temporary)  Cuba: Presidential Palace (former)  Dominica: Government House  Dominican Republic: National Palace  Grenada: Government House (GG)  Haiti: National Palace  Jamaica: King's House (GG) Vale Royal (PM)  Mexico: National Palace Los Pinos  Puerto Rico: La Fortaleza  Saint Kitts and Nevis: Government House (GG)  Saint Lucia: Government House (GG)  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: Government House (GG)  Trinidad and Tobago: President's House St. Anns Diplomatic Residence (PM)  United States: White House 42nd Floor Apartment Camp David One Observatory Circle Presidential Emergency Facility President's Guest House Presidential Townhouse Tingey House Trowbridge House Notes Monarch (Mon) Governor-general (GG) Lieutenant-governor (LG) Prime minister (PM) Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 155235437 GND: 4331244-5 SELIBR: 352156 Retrieved from "" Categories: White HouseHouses completed in 1800Buildings of the United States government in Washington, D.C.Houses on the National Register of Historic Places in Washington, D.C.National Historic Landmarks in Washington, D.C.Presidential residences in the United StatesPresidential residencesPalaces in the United StatesRebuilt buildings and structures in the United StatesReportedly haunted locations in Washington, D.C.Federal architecture in Washington, D.C.Neoclassical architecture in Washington, D.C.Presidential museums in Washington, D.C.Historic house museums in Washington, D.C.Neoclassical palacesBuildings and structures in the United States destroyed by arson1800 establishments in Washington, D.C.James Hoban buildingsBurned houses in the United StatesHidden categories: Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pagesWikipedia indefinitely move-protected pagesUse mdy dates from October 2017Coordinates on WikidataAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from September 2014Articles with unsourced statements from November 2012Wikipedia articles in need of updating from April 2015All Wikipedia articles in need of updatingWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers

Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadView sourceView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version In other projects Wikimedia Commons Languages AfrikaansአማርኛالعربيةAsturianuAymar aruAzərbaycancaتۆرکجهবাংলাBân-lâm-gúБеларускаяБеларуская (тарашкевіца)‎भोजपुरीБългарскиBoarischBosanskiBrezhonegCatalàЧӑвашлаČeštinaCymraegDanskDeutschދިވެހިބަސްEestiΕλληνικάEspañolEsperantoEuskaraفارسیFøroysktFrançaisFryskGaeilgeGalego客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî한국어Հայերենहिन्दीHrvatskiIdoBahasa IndonesiaИронÍslenskaItalianoעבריתBasa Jawaಕನ್ನಡქართულიҚазақшаKinyarwandaKurdîLatinaLatviešuLietuviųLumbaartMagyarमैथिलीМакедонскиമലയാളംमराठीمصرىمازِرونیBahasa MelayuMìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄မြန်မာဘာသာNederlandsनेपाली日本語NorskNorsk nynorskNouormandOccitanOʻzbekcha/ўзбекчаਪੰਜਾਬੀپنجابیPiemontèisPolskiPortuguêsRomânăРусскийScotsShqipSicilianuසිංහලSimple EnglishSlovenčinaSlovenščinaکوردیСрпски / srpskiSrpskohrvatski / српскохрватскиSuomiSvenskaTagalogதமிழ்Татарча/tatarçaతెలుగుไทยTsetsêhestâheseTürkçeУкраїнськаاردوVepsän kel’Tiếng Việt文言Winaray吴语ייִדישYorùbá粵語Zeêuws中文 Edit links This page was last edited on 10 March 2018, at 00:30. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"1.200","walltime":"1.459","ppvisitednodes":{"value":12673,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":311247,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":19751,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":21,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":10,"limit":500},"unstrip-depth":{"value":0,"limit":20},"unstrip-size":{"value":111544,"limit":5000000},"entityaccesscount":{"value":1,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 1206.703 1 -total"," 38.59% 465.716 1 Template:Reflist"," 19.24% 232.114 57 Template:Cite_web"," 15.03% 181.309 1 Template:Infobox_Historic_building"," 13.01% 157.038 1 Template:Infobox"," 8.16% 98.485 16 Template:ISBN"," 7.36% 88.766 6 Template:Navbox"," 7.17% 86.562 1 Template:Location_map"," 5.72% 69.032 1 Template:Coord"," 5.26% 63.472 18 Template:Cite_news"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.547","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":9747031,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1327","timestamp":"20180322090339","ttl":86400,"transientcontent":true}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":96,"wgHostname":"mw1267"});});

The_White_House - Photos and All Basic Informations

The_White_House More Links

This Article Is Semi-protected.White House (disambiguation)1600 Pennsylvania Avenue (disambiguation)Executive Office Of The President Of The United StatesWhite House OfficeList Of Residences Of Presidents Of The United StatesPresident's ParkLafayette Square, Washington, D.C.The EllipseWhite House Is Located In Central Washington, D.C.White House Is Located In The USNeoclassical ArchitecturePalladian ArchitecturePennsylvania AvenueNorthwest, Washington, D.C.Geographic Coordinate SystemGeographic Coordinate SystemDonald TrumpFamily Of Donald TrumpJames HobanEnlargePennsylvania AvenueExecutive ResidenceEast WingWest WingOval OfficeOfficial ResidencePresident Of The United StatesPennsylvania AvenueNorthwest, Washington, D.C.Washington, D.C.John AdamsMetonymExecutive Office Of The President Of The United StatesJames HobanNeoclassical ArchitectureAquia Creek SandstoneThomas JeffersonBenjamin Henry LatrobeColonnadeWar Of 1812British ArmyBurning Of WashingtonJames MonroeExecutive ResidenceTheodore RooseveltWest WingWilliam Howard TaftOval OfficeAtticHip RoofEast WingHarry S. TrumanSteel FrameEisenhower Executive Office BuildingBlair HouseWhite House BasementNational Heritage Site (United States)National Park ServicePresident's ParkAmerican Institute Of ArchitectsAmerica's Favorite ArchitectureGeorge WashingtonSamuel Osgood House (New York City)Alexander Macomb HouseGovernment House (New York)Residence ActPhiladelphiaPennsylvaniaWashington, D.C.Robert Morris (financier)President's House (Philadelphia)John AdamsPresident's House (Philadelphia)University Of PennsylvaniaFirst Presidential Mansion: Samuel Osgood House, Manhattan, New York. Occupied By Washington: April 1789 – February 1790.Samuel Osgood House (New York City)Second Presidential Mansion: Alexander Macomb House, Manhattan, New York. Occupied By Washington: February–August 1790.Alexander Macomb HouseThird Presidential Mansion: President's House, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Occupied By Washington: November 1790 – March 1797. Occupied By Adams: March 1797 – May 1800.President's House (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)Government House, Manhattan, New York (1790–1791). Built To Be The Permanent Presidential Mansion, Congress Moved The National Capital To Philadelphia Before Its Completion.Government House (New York)House Intended For The President, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (1790s). Built To Be The Permanent Presidential Mansion, Neither Washington Nor Adams Would Occupy It.EnlargeCharleston County CourthouseCharleston, South CarolinaEnlargeMultiview Orthographic ProjectionJames HobanEnlargeAndrea PalladioI Quattro Libri Dell'architetturaEnlargeLeinster HouseEnlargeChâteau De RastignacPierre Charles L'EnfantL'Enfant PlanArchitectural Design CompetitionThomas JeffersonCharleston, South CarolinaCharleston County CourthouseJames HobanWikipedia:Citation NeededVitruviusAndrea PalladioRenaissancePalladian ArchitectureLeinster HouseDublinOireachtasBlue Room (White House)White House Historical AssociationChâteau De RastignacLa BachellerieDordogneFrench RevolutionThomas JeffersonBordeauxÉcole Spéciale D'ArchitectureBenjamin Henry LatrobeSlavery In The United StatesAfrican-AmericanScotlandCroatiaBračPučišćaRoman EmpireDiocletian's PalaceDiocletianAquia CreekStafford County, VirginiaVirginiaPierre Charles L'EnfantWhitewashReplicas Of The White HouseParapetProstylePorte CocherePedimentLunetteFanlightFestoonParapetPalladianRustication (architecture)Double StaircaseIonic OrderColonnadeLoggiaTruman BalconyBurning Of WashingtonTheodore RooseveltFranklin D. RooseveltMartha WashingtonWhite House (plantation)John AdamsThomas JeffersonBenjamin Henry LatrobeWar Of 1812Burning Of WashingtonUpper CanadaParliament Buildings Of Upper CanadaBattle Of YorkFranklin D. RooseveltHMS Fantome (1810)Halifax, Nova ScotiaProspect, Nova ScotiaJames MadisonThe Octagon House (Washington, D.C.)Seven BuildingsPorticoJames MonroeChâteau De RastignacUnited States CapitolÁras An UachtaráinPresident Of IrelandIonic OrderThomas JeffersonBenjamin Henry LatrobeJames S. Brady Press Briefing RoomBenjamin Henry LatrobeJohn PlumbeJames K. PolkEnlargeAmerican Civil WarMalariaMeridian Hill ParkEnlargeEnlargeNorth Lawn (White House)Abraham LincolnChester ArthurLucretia GarfieldLouis Comfort TiffanyPublic AuctionJohn AdamsMartin Van BurenGold LeafTraceryTiffany GlassCaroline HarrisonTheodore RooseveltMcKim, Mead & WhiteCharles Follen McKimWilliam Howard TaftNathan C. WyethOval OfficeHerbert HooverWhite House Rose GardenWhite House ReconstructionEnlargeHarry S. TrumanHarry S. TrumanBlair HousePhiladelphiaJohn McShainVermeil RoomLibrary (White House)China RoomMap Room (White House)EnlargeRed Room (White House)Stéphane BoudinEnlargeJacqueline KennedyJohn F. KennedyHenry Francis Du PontWinterthur MuseumCrowninshield FamilyJane EngelhardJayne WrightsmanStéphane BoudinMaison JansenGreen Room (White House)Blue Room (White House)Red Room (White House)Yellow Oval RoomTreaty RoomDiplomatic Reception Room (White House)Zuber & CieA Tour Of The White House With Mrs. John F. KennedyValentine's DayEnlargePotomac RiverJefferson MemorialWashington MonumentSmithsonian InstitutionCommittee For The Preservation Of The White HouseWhite House Office Of The CuratorWhite House Chief UsherPat NixonRichard NixonFranklin RooseveltSolar HeatingBill ClintonHillary ClintonArkansasState Dining Room Of The White HouseGeorge W. BushLaura BushCabinet Room (White House)Franklin D. RooseveltFranklin D. Roosevelt's Paralytic IllnessHillary ClintonWheelchairBarack ObamaSolar PanelMotorcadeDwight D. EisenhowerMarine OneExecutive ResidenceEast WingWest WingWhite House Chief UsherWhite House Family TheaterWest WingExecutive ResidenceColonnadeExecutive ResidenceEast RoomGreen Room (White House)Blue Room (White House)Red Room (White House)State Dining RoomFamily Dining RoomCross HallEntrance HallGrand Staircase (White House)Diplomatic Reception RoomMap Room (White House)China RoomVermeil RoomWhite House LibraryYellow Oval RoomEast Sitting HallWest Sitting HallPresident's Dining RoomTreaty RoomLincoln BedroomQueens' BedroomWest WingOval OfficeCabinet Room (White House)Cabinet Of The United StatesWhite House Situation RoomJames S. Brady Press Briefing RoomRoosevelt RoomOptical FiberLCDWhite House Big DigSound StageSetting (narrative)The West Wing (TV Series)East WingFirst Lady Of The United StatesRosalynn CarterWorld War IIPresidential Emergency Operations CenterSouth Lawn (White House)North Lawn (White House)GreenhouseFrederick Law Olmsted Jr.Olmsted BrothersWhite House Rose GardenRachel Lambert MellonJacqueline Kennedy GardenJacqueline KennedyAmerican ElmMid-Atlantic United States Flood Of 2006Magnolia GrandifloraCross HallState Dining RoomEast RoomMarine OneState Arrival CeremonyWhite House Visitors OfficeList Of White House Security BreachesThomas JeffersonUnited States CapitolBlue Room (White House)Andrew JacksonGrover ClevelandBill ClintonAbraham LincolnDaniel Pratt (eccentric)Wikipedia:Citation NeededFrank Eugene CorderOklahoma City BombingUnited States Secret ServiceTreasury Building (Washington, D.C.)September 11 AttacksThe EllipseBoston Marathon BombingOld Executive Office BuildingSeptember 11 AttacksBudget Sequestration In 2013United States Secret ServiceUnited States Park PoliceNASAMSUnited States Twenty-dollar BillCamp DavidGermantown White HouseGraphics And Calligraphy OfficeList Of Largest Houses In The United StatesList Of National Historic Landmarks In Washington, D.C.List Of Residences Of Presidents Of The United StatesList Of Residences Of Presidents Of The United StatesNumber One Observatory CircleReportedly Haunted Locations In The District Of ColumbiaCategory:Rooms In The White HouseWhite House Acquisition TrustWhite House Chief CalligrapherWhite House Chief Floral DesignerWhite House Christmas TreeWhite House Communications AgencyWhite House Endowment TrustWhite House Executive ChefWhite House FellowsWhite House HistoryWhite House Social SecretaryPortal:Government Of The United StatesPortal:Washington, D.C.WhiteHouse.govEmpire State BuildingWhiteHouse.govJean Jules JusserandInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-9727611-0-9United States CodeTitle 40 Of The United States CodeNational Park ServiceInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-8369-5089-2International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-912308-28-9International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1-55835-049-6International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-306-81808-0International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-912308-28-9International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-415-92320-0International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-394-46095-6International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-394-46095-6International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-394-46095-6The PoliticoInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0442025327International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-9646659-0-3International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-926494-33-6International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-684-85799-2Northeastern University PressInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1-55553-222-2OCLCThe Metropolitan Museum Of ArtInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-87099-836-2International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1-2500-0027-9International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-8109-3965-3International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-88225-020-5International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-7892-0624-4International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-2-87901-221-6International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-912308-28-9International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-912308-85-2International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-698-10546-1International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-912308-79-1National Park ServiceOpenStreetMapTemplate:White HouseTemplate Talk:White HouseExecutive ResidenceWhite House BasementWhite House BasementWhite House Chief Floral DesignerExecutive ResidenceChina RoomWhite House ChinaWhite House Office Of The CuratorDiplomatic Reception Room (White House)Library (White House)Map Room (White House)Vermeil RoomExecutive ResidenceBlue Room (White House)Cross HallEast RoomEntrance HallFamily Dining RoomGrand Staircase (White House)Green Room (White House)Red Room (White House)State Dining Room Of The White HouseWhite House Chief UsherExecutive ResidenceSecond Floor Center Hall (White House)East Sitting HallLincoln BedroomLincoln Sitting RoomPresident's BedroomPresident's Dining RoomQueens' BedroomQueens' Sitting RoomTreaty RoomTruman BalconyWest Sitting HallYellow Oval RoomExecutive ResidenceWest WingCabinet Room (White House)Executive Office Of The PresidentOval OfficeOval Office StudyJames S. Brady Press Briefing RoomRoosevelt RoomWhite House Situation RoomEast WingOffice Of The First Lady Of The United StatesGraphics And Calligraphy OfficePresidential Emergency Operations CenterWhite House Family TheaterWhite House Social SecretaryWhite House Visitors OfficeWhite House Military OfficeWhite HouseThe EllipseJacqueline Kennedy GardenLafayette Square, Washington, D.C.North Lawn (White House)President's ParkWhite House Rose GardenSouth Lawn (White House)White House To Treasury Building TunnelEisenhower Executive Office BuildingNew Executive Office BuildingWhite House Conference CenterPresident's Guest HouseTrowbridge HousePresidential TownhouseConstitution AvenueInterstate 66East Executive AvenueH Street (Washington, D.C.)Jackson PlaceMadison PlacePennsylvania AvenueWest Executive AvenueTemplate:Washington DC LandmarksTemplate Talk:Washington DC LandmarksWashington, D.C.Adams Memorial (Saint-Gaudens)African American Civil War MemorialAmerican Veterans Disabled For Life MemorialBelmont-Paul Women's Equality National MonumentMary McLeod Bethune MemorialBoy Scout MemorialJames Buchanan MemorialDistrict Of Columbia War MemorialAlbert Einstein MemorialEmancipation MemorialJohn Ericsson National MemorialFirst Division MonumentJames A. Garfield MonumentSamuel Gompers MemorialUlysses S. Grant MemorialUnited States Holocaust Memorial MuseumHolodomor Genocide Memorial, Washington, DCJapanese American Memorial To Patriotism During World War IIJefferson MemorialLyndon Baines Johnson Memorial Grove On The PotomacJohn Paul Jones MemorialMajor General Marquis Gilbert De LafayetteNational Law Enforcement Officers MemorialLincoln MemorialMartin Luther King Jr. MemorialKorean War Veterans MemorialGeorge Mason MemorialGeorge Gordon Meade MemorialNational Statuary Hall CollectionNavy – Merchant Marine MemorialNuns Of The BattlefieldPeace MonumentPentagon MemorialSecond Division MemorialMemorial To The 56 Signers Of The Declaration Of IndependenceThe Extra MileThe Three SoldiersMajor General Comte Jean De RochambeauFranklin Delano Roosevelt MemorialTheodore Roosevelt IslandTaras Shevchenko MemorialStatues Of The LiberatorsOscar Straus MemorialRobert A. Taft MemorialTitanic Memorial (Washington, D.C.)United States Air Force MemorialUnited States Navy MemorialVictims Of Communism MemorialVietnam Veterans MemorialVietnam Women's MemorialWashington MonumentDaniel Webster MemorialNational World War II MemorialRainbow PoolCapitol Reflecting PoolBasilica Of The National Shrine Of The Immaculate ConceptionFord's TheatrePetersen HouseHealy HallIslamic Center Of WashingtonJefferson PierJohn F. Kennedy Center For The Performing ArtsLibrary Of CongressUnited States National ArboretumNational Building MuseumNational Gallery Of ArtPresident Lincoln's Cottage At The Soldiers' HomeLincoln Memorial Reflecting PoolNational Archives BuildingNewseumWashington National CathedralNational MallOld Post Office PavilionOld Stone House (Washington, D.C.)Smithsonian InstitutionThe Arts Of War And The Arts Of PeaceTidal BasinTreasury Building (Washington, D.C.)Tudor PlaceWashington Union StationUnited States CapitolUnited States Supreme Court BuildingWillard InterContinental WashingtonConstitution GardensDupont CircleEast Potomac ParkFreedom PlazaLafayette Square, Washington, D.C.L'Enfant PlazaMeridian Hill ParkUnited States National ArboretumNational World War I Memorial (Washington, D.C.)Rock Creek ParkThe EllipseUnited States Botanic GardenWest Potomac ParkAnacostia RiverArlington Memorial BridgeBoundary Markers Of The Original District Of ColumbiaChesapeake And Ohio CanalConstitution AvenueKey Bridge (Washington, D.C.)Pennsylvania AvenuePotomac RiverZero MilestoneAdams MemorialDwight D. Eisenhower MemorialFrancis MarionGold Star Mothers National MonumentNational Desert Storm And Desert Shield War Memorial ActNational Liberty MemorialPeace Corps MonumentNational World War I Memorial (Washington, D.C.)National Capital Memorial Advisory CommissionNational Mall And Memorial ParksList Of National Historic Landmarks In Washington, D.C.National Register Of Historic Places Listings In Washington, D.C.List Of Public Art In Washington, D.C.Outdoor Sculpture In Washington, D.C.American Revolution StatuaryCivil War Monuments In Washington, D.C.List Of Artworks Commemorating African Americans In Washington, D.C.Template:US POTUS Emergency PostsTemplate Talk:US POTUS Emergency PostsPresidential Emergency FacilityCross Mountain (Pennsylvania)Fort Reno ParkHigh Point Special FacilityPortal:Government Of The United StatesTemplate:National Register Of Historic PlacesTemplate Talk:National Register Of Historic PlacesNational Register Of Historic PlacesNational Register Of Historic Places Architectural Style CategoriesContributing PropertyHistoric Districts In The United StatesHistory Of The National Register Of Historic PlacesKeeper Of The RegisterNational Park ServiceNational Register Of Historic Places Property TypesNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In AlabamaNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In AlaskaNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In ArizonaNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In ArkansasNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In CaliforniaNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In ColoradoNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In ConnecticutNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In DelawareNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In FloridaNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In GeorgiaNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In HawaiiNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In IdahoNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In IllinoisNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In IndianaNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In IowaNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In KansasNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In KentuckyNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In LouisianaNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In MaineNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In MarylandNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In MassachusettsNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In MichiganNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In MinnesotaNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In MississippiNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In MissouriNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In MontanaNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In NebraskaNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In NevadaNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In New HampshireNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In New JerseyNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In New MexicoNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In New YorkNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In North CarolinaNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In North DakotaNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In OhioNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In OklahomaNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In OregonNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In PennsylvaniaNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In Rhode IslandNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In South CarolinaNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In South DakotaNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In TennesseeNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In TexasNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In UtahNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In VermontNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In VirginiaNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In Washington StateNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In West VirginiaNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In WisconsinNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In WyomingNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In American SamoaNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In GuamNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In The United States Minor Outlying IslandsNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In The Northern Mariana IslandsNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In Puerto RicoNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In The United States Virgin IslandsNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In The Federated States Of MicronesiaNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In The Marshall IslandsNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In PalauNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In Washington, D.C.American Legation, TangierPortal:National Register Of Historic PlacesTemplate:Official Government Residences In North America And The CaribbeanTemplate Talk:Official Government Residences In North America And The CaribbeanOfficial ResidenceGovernment House, Antigua And BarbudaGovernment House, The BahamasGovernment House, BarbadosIlaro CourtRideau HallCitadelle Of Quebec24 Sussex DriveHarrington LakeRideau CottageMuseum Of The Revolution (Cuba)Government House, DominicaNational Palace (Dominican Republic)National Palace (Haiti)King's House, JamaicaNational Palace (Mexico)Los PinosLa FortalezaGovernment House (Saint Kitts And Nevis)Saint LuciaGovernment House, Saint LuciaPresident's House, Trinidad And TobagoResidence Of The United States Ambassador To The United NationsCamp DavidOne Observatory CirclePresidential Emergency FacilityPresident's Guest HousePresidential TownhouseTingey HouseTrowbridge HouseMonarchGovernor-generalLieutenant-governorPrime MinisterHelp:Authority ControlVirtual International Authority FileIntegrated Authority FileLIBRISHelp:CategoryCategory:White HouseCategory:Houses Completed In 1800Category:Buildings Of The United States Government In Washington, D.C.Category:Houses On The National Register Of Historic Places In Washington, D.C.Category:National Historic Landmarks In Washington, D.C.Category:Presidential Residences In The United StatesCategory:Presidential ResidencesCategory:Palaces In The United StatesCategory:Rebuilt Buildings And Structures In The United StatesCategory:Reportedly Haunted Locations In Washington, D.C.Category:Federal Architecture In Washington, D.C.Category:Neoclassical Architecture In Washington, D.C.Category:Presidential Museums In Washington, D.C.Category:Historic House Museums In Washington, D.C.Category:Neoclassical PalacesCategory:Buildings And Structures In The United States Destroyed By ArsonCategory:1800 Establishments In Washington, D.C.Category:James Hoban BuildingsCategory:Burned Houses In The United StatesCategory:Wikipedia Indefinitely Semi-protected PagesCategory:Wikipedia Indefinitely Move-protected PagesCategory:Use Mdy Dates From October 2017Category:Coordinates On WikidataCategory:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From September 2014Category:Articles With Unsourced Statements From November 2012Category:Wikipedia Articles In Need Of Updating From April 2015Category:All Wikipedia Articles In Need Of UpdatingCategory:Wikipedia Articles With VIAF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With GND IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With SELIBR IdentifiersDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]This Page Is Protected. You Can View Its Source [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

view link view link view link view link view link