Contents 1 Plot 2 Historical inaccuracies 3 Cast 4 Background and production 4.1 Soundtrack 5 Poster 6 Reception 7 Sequel 8 Preservation 9 Awards and honors 9.1 Others 10 First telecast 11 References 12 External links


Plot[edit] The action takes place in Ancient Rome, Judaea, Capri, and Galilee in a time period stretching from 32 to 38 AD.[5] Marcellus Gallio, son of an important Roman senator (Torin Thatcher) and himself a military tribune, begins the film in a prologue that introduces the viewer to the might and scope of the Roman empire. He is notoriously known as a ladies’ man, but is captivated by the reappearance of a childhood sweetheart, Diana, warden of the Emperor Tiberius. Diana is unofficially pledged in marriage to Tiberius's regent, Caligula. In a slave market, Marcellus bids against Caligula for a defiant Greek slave Demetrius (Victor Mature), and wins. Angrily, Caligula issues orders for Marcellus to receive a military transfer to Jerusalem, in Palestine. Marcellus has Demetrius released and orders him to go on his own to the Gallio home. Marcellus is surprised to find Demetrius waiting for him when he gets home. Unofficially, Marcellus had freed Demetrius, but Demetrius feels honor bound to compensate Marcellus by being his servant. Demetrius accompanies Marcellus to Palestine, but before the galley sails, Diana comes to see Marcellus, pledging her love for him and her intention to intercede on his behalf with Tiberius. Marcellus declares his love for Diana and asks her to make the emperor promise not to give her in marriage to Caligula. Marcellus rides into Jerusalem with the centurion Paulus (Jeff Morrow) on the same day as Jesus's triumphal entry on Palm Sunday. Demetrius locks gazes with Jesus and feels compelled to follow him. Jesus is arrested and condemned by Pontius Pilate (Richard Boone), the procurator. Marcellus reports to Pilate, who informs him that the emperor has sent for him. Before Marcellus departs, he is ordered to take charge of the detail of Roman soldiers assigned to crucify Jesus. Marcellus wins the robe worn by Jesus in a dice game and is told it will be a reminder of Marcellus's first crucifixion. Returning from the crucifixion with Demetrius, Marcellus uses the robe in an attempt to shield himself from a rain squall, but feels a sudden crushing guilt for crucifying Jesus and tears the robe off. Demetrius has had enough: he curses Marcellus and the Roman Empire and runs away, taking the robe with him. Marcellus now behaves like a madman haunted by nightmares of the crucifixion. He reports to Emperor Tiberius at Capri, who gives him an imperial commission to find and destroy the robe while gathering a list of names of Jesus' followers. At Diana's request, Tiberius leaves her free to marry Marcellus, though Tiberius believes Marcellus is mad. Marcellus travels to Palestine and seeks to ingratiate himself with Justus (Dean Jagger), a weaver in Cana, and the Christian community that he leads. He sees examples of Christian life in Justus's miraculously healed grandson and in the paralytic Miriam. Marcellus finds Demetrius alone in an inn and demands that he destroy the robe, believing it has cursed him into madness. Demetrius tells him the robe has no real power; it only reminds Marcellus of what he did, and it is guilt over killing an innocent man that has caused him to become so troubled. Demetrius gives the robe to Marcellus, who refuses to touch it. He is terrified, but as the robe touches him, he is relieved from the burden and becomes a Christian. Justus calls the villagers together and begins to introduce Peter, when he is killed by an arrow from a detachment of Roman soldiers. Marcellus intervenes, and Paulus informs him that his orders are no longer valid; Tiberius is dead, and Caligula is emperor. Marcellus informs Paulus that an imperial commission is valid until specifically countermanded by the new emperor. Paulus tells Marcellus to make him obey via a sword duel. After a prolonged struggle, Marcellus prevails. Rather than killing Paulus, Marcellus hurls his sword into a tree. Paulus, humiliated by his defeat, orders the soldiers to leave. Peter invites Marcellus to join Demetrius and him as missionaries. Marcellus hesitates, out of guilt, but when Peter tells him of his own denial of Jesus, Marcellus confesses his role in Jesus' death. Peter points out to him that Jesus forgave him from the cross, and Marcellus pledges his life to Jesus and agrees to go with them. Their missionary journey takes them, eventually, to Rome, where they must proceed "under cover" as Caligula has proscribed them. In Rome, Caligula summons Diana from her retreat at the Gallio home to tell her Marcellus has become a traitor to Rome by becoming a Christian. He takes her to the guard room where a captured Demetrius is being tortured. Diana runs out of the palace to Marcipor (David Leonard), the Gallio family slave, who is a secret Christian. Diana guesses that Marcipor is a Christian and has seen Marcellus, and she gets him to take her to Marcellus. Marcellus and Diana are reunited, and Marcellus tells her the story of the robe and his own conversion. Diana helps Marcellus rescue Demetrius. Peter comes to the Gallio home, where Demetrius has been taken, and heals him. Caligula issues orders to bring Marcellus to him alive to stand trial by the end of the day. After witnessing Peter's healing of Demetrius, the physician attending Demetrius goes to denounce them to the authorities. Marcellus' father disowns him as an enemy of Rome. Marcellus flees with Demetrius, but when Marcellus gives himself up so that Demetrius can escape, he is captured and put on trial. Caligula makes Diana sit next to him for Marcellus's trial. Marcellus admits to being a Christian; however, he denies the charge that Christians are plotting against the state. Marcellus tries to show Caligula his opportunity to accept Christ as he tries to hand the robe to Caligula, but Caligula refuses to touch it, as he considers it to be "bewitched". Caligula condemns Marcellus to death by the wish of the members of the audience, based on what they have heard. Diana then accepts Christ and seeks to join Marcellus, the man she considers to be her husband, in His Kingdom (Heaven). She also denounces Caligula as an insane, tyrannical monster. Caligula condemns Diana to die alongside Marcellus. As they depart the audience hall for their execution, Marcellus is acknowledged by his repentant father, and Diana gives the robe to Marcipor.


Historical inaccuracies[edit] Despite the careful attention to Roman history and culture displayed in the film, some inaccuracies are included: in reality, the Emperor Tiberius' wife Julia, who had been banished from Rome by her father Augustus years before Tiberius acceded to the imperial throne, was already dead. Throughout the film, the region encompassing Jerusalem is said to be "Palestine". In reality, it was still being called "Judea"; the name would not be changed to Syria Palestina until the year 135 AD, 102 years after these events.[citation needed]


Cast[edit] Credited Richard Burton as Marcellus Gallio Jean Simmons as Diana Victor Mature as Demetrius Michael Rennie as Peter Jay Robinson as Caligula Dean Jagger as Justus Torin Thatcher as Senator Gallio Richard Boone as Pontius Pilate Betta St. John as Miriam Jeff Morrow as Paulus Ernest Thesiger as Tiberius Dawn Addams as Junia Leon Askin as Abidor Uncredited Michael Ansara as Judas Helen Beverley as Rebecca Sally Corner as Cornelia Gallio Rosalind Ivan as Empress Julia the Elder Donald C. Klune as Jesus of Nazareth David Leonard as Marcipor Cameron Mitchell as the voice of Jesus Jay Novello as Tiro Frank Pulaski as Quintus Pamela Robinson as Lucia Gallio


Background and production[edit] The Robe was originally announced for filming by RKO in the 1940s and was set to be directed by Mervyn LeRoy,[6] but the rights were eventually sold to Twentieth Century Fox for $100,000.[7] Jeff Chandler was originally announced for the role of Demetrius.[8] Victor Mature signed in December 1952[9] to make both The Robe and a sequel about Demetrius.[10] John Buckmaster tested for the role of Caligula.[11] Filming finished on 30 April 1953, two weeks ahead of schedule.[12] The film was advertised as "the modern miracle you see without glasses", a dig at the 3D movies of the day. Since many theaters of the day were not equipped to show a CinemaScope film, two versions of The Robe were made: one in the standard screen ratio of the day, the other in the widescreen process. Setups and some dialogue differ between the versions.[citation needed] The film was usually shown on television using the standard 1.33:1 aspect ratio version that fills a standard television screen rather than the CinemaScope version. American Movie Classics may have been the first to offer telecasts of the widescreen version. Recent DVDs and Blu-ray Discs of the film, however, present the film in the original widescreen format, as well as the multitrack stereophonic soundtrack. Soundtrack[edit] When the original soundtrack album was issued on LP by Decca Records, it used a remix for only monaural sound rather than the stereo sound that was originally recorded.[citation needed] MCA, which acquired the rights to the American Decca recordings, issued an electronic stereo version of the mono tape.[citation needed] RCA Victor included a suite from the film, recorded in Dolby surround sound, in its album Captain from Castile, which honored longtime Fox musical director Alfred Newman (composer ofThe Robe's musical score. Charles Gerhardt conducted London's National Philharmonic Chorus.[citation needed] In 2003, Varèse Sarabande released a two-CD set of the original stereophonic recording on their club label.[citation needed]


Poster[edit] The elaborate poster for the film has one glaring flaw. The woman's face is not Jean Simmons. Originally, Jean Peters had been cast as Diana, but became pregnant. Simmons was hired to replace her. But the poster was not changed, and shows the wrong Jean.[13]


Reception[edit] The film earned an estimated $17.5 million in North America during its initial theatrical release.[14] Its worldwide rentals were estimated at $32 million.[15]


Sequel[edit] The film had one sequel, Demetrius and the Gladiators (1954), which featured Victor Mature in the title role.


Preservation[edit] The Academy Film Archive preserved The Robe in 2008.[16]


Awards and honors[edit] 26th Academy Awards: Wins[17] Best Art Direction (Color): Art Direction: Lyle Wheeler, George Davis; Set Decoration: Walter M. Scott, Paul S. Fox Best Costume Design (Color): Charles LeMaire, Emile Santiago Nominations Best Motion Picture: Frank Ross, Producer Best Actor: Richard Burton Best Cinematography (Color): Leon Shamroy 11th Golden Globe Awards: Wins Best Motion Picture - Drama Others[edit] The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists: 2005: AFI's 100 Years of Film Scores – Nominated[18] 2006: AFI's 100 Years...100 Cheers – Nominated[19] 2008: AFI's 10 Top 10: Nominated Epic Film[20]


First telecast[edit] The film was first telecast by America's ABC-TV on Easter weekend in 1967, at the relatively early hour of 7:00 P.M., E.S.T, to allow for family viewing. In a highly unusual move, the film was shown with only one commercial break – a luxury not even granted to the then-annual telecasts of The Wizard of Oz.[21]


References[edit] ^ Aubrey Solomon, Twentieth Century Fox: A Corporate and Financial History, Scarecrow Press, 1989 p248 ^ FILM GROUP TO AID STATE DEPARTMENT: Industry Council Pledges Its Cooperation to De Mille for Overseas Information Work By THOMAS M. PRYOR Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 01 May 1953: 17 ^ The Robe. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 20, 2010. ^ Chrissochoidis, Ilias (ed.). CinemaScope: Selected Documents from the Spyros P. Skouras Archive. Stanford, 2013. ^ The beginning date is given as the 18th year of Tiberius (Ernest Thesiger), and the ending date is a year after the historical year of the accession of Caligula (Jay Robinson) as Roman emperor. Diana (Jean Simmons) tells Caligula that she had not heard from Marcellus Gallio (Richard Burton) for almost a year when Marcellus was in Cana of Galilee. At that time, Marcellus was told by Paulus that Caligula was then the emperor. ^ "Religion: Celluloid Revival". TIME. April 24, 1944. Retrieved May 25, 2010.  ^ "STAGE AND SCREEN". The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1931 - 1954). Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia. 1 August 1953. p. 7. Retrieved 12 July 2012.  ^ Schallert, Edwin (1 August 1952). "Jeff Chandler Likely for Demetrius; 'Highest Mountain' New Purchase". Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File). Los Angeles, CA. p. B7.  ^ Mature About to Sign as Demetrius in 'Robe" Hopper, Hedda. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 19 Dec 1952: B8. ^ Victor Mature to Do 'Story of Demetrius' Hopper, Hedda. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 10 Jan 1953: 14. ^ Art of Dali Will Spur Three-D; Buckmaster Flying In for Caligula Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 05 Feb 1953: A9. ^ FOX COMPLETES 'ROBE': $4,600,000 Film in CinemaScope Was 10 Years in Making Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 01 May 1953: 16. ^ The Robe poster at the Wide Screen Musum ^ "All Time Domestic Champs". Variety. 6 January 1960. p. 34.  ^ "20th's Global C'Scope Jackpot". Daily Variety. 9 November 1955. p. 1.  ^ "Preserved Projects". Academy Film Archive.  ^ "Oscars.org -- The Robe". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved January 10, 2014. ^ "AFI's 100 Years of Film Scores Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-14.  ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Cheers Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-14.  ^ "AFI's 10 Top 10 Nominees" (PDF). Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2016-08-19. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ "Television: Mar. 24, 1967". Time. March 24, 1967. Retrieved May 25, 2010. 


External links[edit] Wikiquote has quotations related to: The Robe (film) Wikimedia Commons has media related to The Robe (film). The Robe at the American Film Institute Catalog The Robe on IMDb The Robe at Rotten Tomatoes The Robe at AllMovie The Robe at the TCM Movie Database v t e Films directed by Henry Koster Thea Roland (1932) Das häßliche Mädchen (1933) Peter (1934) Little Mother (1935) The Affairs of Maupassant (1936) Catherine the Last (1936) Three Smart Girls (1936) One Hundred Men and a Girl (1937) The Rage of Paris (1938) Three Smart Girls Grow Up (1939) First Love (1939) Spring Parade (1940) It Started with Eve (1941) Between Us Girls (1942) Music for Millions (1944) Two Sisters from Boston (1946) The Unfinished Dance (1947) The Bishop's Wife (1947) The Luck of the Irish (1948) Come to the Stable (1949) The Inspector General (1949) Wabash Avenue (1950) My Blue Heaven (1950) Harvey (1950) No Highway in the Sky (1951) Mr. Belvedere Rings the Bell (1951) Elopement (1951) Stars and Stripes Forever (1952) My Cousin Rachel (1952) The Robe (1953) Désirée (1954) A Man Called Peter (1955) The Virgin Queen (1955) Good Morning, Miss Dove (1955) D-Day the Sixth of June (1956) The Power and the Prize (1956) My Man Godfrey (1957) Fräulein (1958) The Naked Maja (1958) The Story of Ruth (1960) Flower Drum Song (1961) Mr. Hobbs Takes a Vacation (1962) Take Her, She's Mine (1963) Dear Brigitte (1965) The Singing Nun (1966) Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Robe_(film)&oldid=827002117" Categories: 1953 filmsEnglish-language films20th Century Fox filmsAmerican epic filmsAmerican filmsBest Drama Picture Golden Globe winnersCinemaScope filmsDepictions of Caligula on filmCultural depictions of TiberiusCultural depictions of Judas IscariotCultural depictions of Pontius PilateFilm portrayals of Jesus' death and resurrectionFilms based on American novelsFilms directed by Henry KosterFilms scored by Alfred NewmanFilms set in ancient RomeFilms set in RomeFilms set in the Roman EmpireFilms set in the 1st centuryFilms shot in multiple formatsFilms that won the Best Costume Design Academy AwardFilms whose art director won the Best Art Direction Academy AwardPortrayals of Jesus in filmReligious epic filmsScreenplays by Philip DunneHidden categories: CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknownAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from February 2017


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Film PosterHenry KosterFrank Ross (producer)Gina KausAlbert MaltzPhilip Dunne (writer)The RobeLloyd C. DouglasRichard BurtonJean SimmonsVictor MatureMichael RennieAlfred Newman (composer)Leon ShamroyBarbara McLean20th Century FoxBibleEpic FilmRoman EmpireMilitary TribuneCrucifixion Of Jesus20th Century FoxWidescreenCinemaScopeHenri ChrétienAnamorphicHenry KosterFrank Ross (producer)Gina KausAlbert MaltzPhilip Dunne (writer)Lloyd C. DouglasThe RobeAlfred Newman (composer)Leon ShamroyRichard BurtonJean SimmonsVictor MatureMichael RennieDean JaggerJay RobinsonRichard BooneJeff MorrowDemetrius And The GladiatorsAncient RomeIudaea ProvinceCapriGalileeTorin ThatcherMilitary TribuneVictor MatureJerusalemPalestine (region)GalleyCenturionJeff MorrowPalm SundayPontius PilateRichard BooneProcurator (Roman)CapriDean JaggerSimon PeterHeavenJulia The ElderAugustusWikipedia:Citation NeededRichard BurtonJean SimmonsVictor MatureMichael RennieSaint PeterJay RobinsonCaligulaDean JaggerTorin ThatcherRichard BoonePontius PilateBetta St. JohnJeff MorrowErnest ThesigerTiberiusDawn AddamsJuniaLeon AskinMichael AnsaraJudas IscariotHelen BeverleyRosalind IvanJulia The ElderJesusCameron Mitchell (actor)Jay NovelloRKOMervyn LeRoy3D MovieCinemaScopeWikipedia:Citation NeededAspect RatioAmerican Movie ClassicsDecca RecordsWikipedia:Citation NeededMCA RecordsWikipedia:Citation NeededRCA VictorAlfred Newman (composer)Charles Gerhardt (conductor)Wikipedia:Citation NeededVarèse SarabandeWikipedia:Citation NeededJean SimmonsJean PetersDemetrius And The Gladiators1954 In FilmVictor MatureAcademy Film Archive26th Academy AwardsAcademy Award For Best Art DirectionLyle WheelerGeorge Davis (art Director)Walter M. ScottPaul S. FoxAcademy Award For Costume DesignCharles LeMaireEmile SantiagoAcademy Award For Best PictureFrank Ross (producer)Academy Award For Best ActorAcademy Award For Best CinematographyLeon Shamroy11th Golden Globe AwardsGolden Globe Award For Best Motion Picture – DramaAmerican Film InstituteAFI's 100 Years Of Film ScoresAFI's 100 Years...100 CheersAFI's 10 Top 10American Broadcasting CompanyEasterThe Wizard Of Oz (1939 Film)TiberiusErnest ThesigerCaligulaJay RobinsonJean SimmonsRichard BurtonThe Advertiser (Adelaide)Academy Of Motion Picture Arts And SciencesCategory:CS1 Maint: BOT: Original-url Status UnknownAFI Catalog Of Feature FilmsIMDbRotten TomatoesAllMovieTurner Classic MoviesTemplate:Henry KosterTemplate Talk:Henry KosterHenry KosterThea RolandDas Häßliche MädchenPeter (film)Little Mother (1935 Film)The Affairs Of MaupassantCatherine The LastThree Smart GirlsOne Hundred Men And A GirlThe Rage Of ParisThree Smart Girls Grow UpFirst Love (1939 Film)Spring ParadeIt Started With EveBetween Us GirlsMusic For MillionsTwo Sisters From BostonThe Unfinished DanceThe Bishop's WifeThe Luck Of The Irish (1948 Film)Come To The StableThe Inspector General (film)Wabash Avenue (film)My Blue Heaven (1950 Film)Harvey (film)No Highway In The SkyMr. Belvedere Rings The BellElopement (film)Stars And Stripes Forever (film)My Cousin Rachel (1952 Film)Désirée (film)A Man Called PeterThe Virgin Queen (1955 Film)Good Morning, Miss DoveD-Day The Sixth Of JuneThe Power And The PrizeMy Man Godfrey (1957 Film)Fräulein (1958 Film)The Naked MajaThe Story Of RuthFlower Drum Song (film)Mr. Hobbs Takes A VacationTake Her, She's MineDear BrigitteThe Singing Nun (film)Help:CategoryCategory:1953 FilmsCategory:English-language FilmsCategory:20th Century Fox FilmsCategory:American Epic FilmsCategory:American FilmsCategory:Best Drama Picture Golden Globe WinnersCategory:CinemaScope FilmsCategory:Depictions Of Caligula On FilmCategory:Cultural Depictions Of TiberiusCategory:Cultural Depictions Of Judas IscariotCategory:Cultural Depictions Of Pontius PilateCategory:Film Portrayals Of Jesus' Death And ResurrectionCategory:Films Based On American NovelsCategory:Films Directed By Henry KosterCategory:Films Scored By Alfred NewmanCategory:Films Set In Ancient RomeCategory:Films Set In RomeCategory:Films Set In The Roman EmpireCategory:Films Set In The 1st CenturyCategory:Films Shot In Multiple FormatsCategory:Films That Won The Best Costume Design Academy AwardCategory:Films Whose Art Director Won The Best Art Direction Academy AwardCategory:Portrayals Of Jesus In FilmCategory:Religious Epic FilmsCategory:Screenplays By Philip DunneCategory:CS1 Maint: BOT: Original-url Status UnknownCategory:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From February 2017Discussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer



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