Contents 1 History 1.1 Nelson family ownership (1880–1926) 1.2 Employee ownership (1926–1977) 1.3 Corporate Ownership (1977 – present) 1.3.1 Capital Cities/Disney (1977–1997) 1.3.2 Knight Ridder/McClatchy (1997 – present) 2 Pulitzer Prizes 3 Notable past columnists 4 References 5 External links

History[edit] Nelson family ownership (1880–1926)[edit] William Rockhill Nelson The paper, originally called The Kansas City Evening Star, was founded September 18, 1880, by William Rockhill Nelson and Samuel E. Morss.[3] The two moved to Missouri after selling the newspaper that became the Fort Wayne News Sentinel (and earlier owned by Nelson's father) in Nelson's Indiana hometown, where Nelson was campaign manager in the unsuccessful Presidential run of Samuel Tilden. Morss quit the newspaper business within a year and a half because of ill health. At the time there were three daily competitors – the Evening Mail; The Kansas City Times; and the Kansas City Journal. Competitor Times editor Eugene Field wrote this about the new newspaper: Twinkle, twinkle, little Star Bright and gossipy you are; We can daily hear you speak For a paltry dime a week.[4] Nelson's business strategy called for cheap advance subscriptions and an intention to be "absolutely independent in politics, aiming to deal by all men and all parties with impartiality and fearlessness.".[5] He purchased the Kansas City Evening Mail (and its Associated Press evening franchise) in 1882. The paper name was changed to The Kansas City Star in 1885. Nelson started the Weekly Kansas City Star in 1890 and the Sunday Kansas City Star in 1894.[5] In 1901 Nelson also bought the morning paper The Kansas City Times (and its morning Associated Press franchise). Nelson announced the arrival of the "24 Hour Star." President Harry S. Truman worked two weeks in August 1902 in the mailroom, making $7.00 the first week and $5.40 the second. In 1950 Truman half joked in an unmailed letter to Star editor Roy Roberts, "If the Star is at all mentioned in history, it will be because the President of the U.S. worked there for a few weeks in 1901." The paper was first printed on the second story of a three-story building at 407–409 Delaware. In 1881 it moved 14 W. 5th Street. In 1882 it moved to 115 W. 6th. In 1889 it moved to 804–806 Wyandotte. In 1911 it moved into its Jarvis Hunt-designed building at 18th and Grand.[6] Nelson died in 1915. Nelson provided in his will that his newspaper was to support his wife and daughter and then be sold. Wikisource has original text related to this article: Hemingway's articles for the Kansas City Star Ernest Hemingway was a reporter for the Star from October 1917 to April 1918. Hemingway credited Star editor C.G. "Pete" Wellington with changing a wordy high-schooler's writing style into clear, provocative English. Throughout his lifetime he referred to this admonition from The Star Copy Style, the paper's style guide: "Use short sentences. Use short first paragraphs. Use vigorous English. Be positive, not negative." Nelson's wife died in 1921; his daughter Laura Kirkwood died in a Baltimore hotel room in 1926 at the age of 43. Employee ownership (1926–1977)[edit] Laura's husband Irwin Kirkwood, who was editor of the paper, led the employee purchase. Kirkwood in turn died of a heart attack in 1927 in Saratoga Springs, New York, where he had gone to sell thoroughbred horses. Stock in the company was then distributed among other employees. Virtually all proceeds from the sale and remains of Nelson's $6 million personal fortune were donated to create the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art on the site of Nelson's home, Oak Hall. Both papers were purchased by the employees in 1926 following the death of Nelson's daughter. The Star enjoyed a pivotal role in American politics beginning in the late 1920s when Iowa-native Herbert Hoover was nominated at the 1928 Republican convention in Kansas City, and continuing through 1960 at the conclusion of the presidency of Kansas favorite Dwight D. Eisenhower. Editor Roy A. Roberts (1887–1967) was to make the newspaper a major force in Kansas politics. Roberts joined the paper in 1909 and was picked by Nelson for the Washington bureau in 1915. Roberts became managing editor in 1928. He was instrumental in pushing Kansas Governor Alf Landon for the Republican nomination in 1936; Landon was defeated in the general election by Franklin D. Roosevelt.[7] In 1942 the Journal, the last daily competitor, ceased publication. The Journal had offered unwavering support of Tom Pendergast's political machine; once Pendergast had fallen from power, the paper suffered.[8] In 1945 the paper bought the Flambeau Paper Mill in Park Falls, Wisconsin to provide newsprint. The mill was to be cited for pollution problems and have labor problems, and the Star was to eventually divest itself of the mill in 1971.[9] Roberts was elevated to president of the Star in 1947. The Star was not particularly kind to hometown Democrat Harry Truman, who had been backed by famed big city Democratic Machine boss Tom Pendergast. In 1953, the Truman administration in its closing days filed antitrust charges against the Star over its ownership of WDAF-TV. The Star launched radio station WDAF May 16, 1922, and television outlet WDAF-TV on October 19, 1949. The Star lost its case and had to sign a consent decree in 1957 that led to the sale of the broadcast stations. With the influence of the Star in Truman's hometown, the newspaper and Roberts were the subject of an April 12, 1948, cover issue of Time Magazine. In 1954, Topeka correspondent Alvin McCoy won a Pulitzer Prize for a series of articles questioning the business dealings of the Republican national chairman. Roberts reported the Pulitzer Prize in a four paragraph item. Roberts semi-retired in 1963, officially retired in 1965 and died in 1967.[10] Corporate Ownership (1977 – present)[edit] First Morning Edition of the Kansas City Star that came in a special package including the last edition of the Kansas City Times and the last afternoon edition of the Star. The new printing plant which opened in June 2006. The headquarters is the red brick building on the lower right Capital Cities/Disney (1977–1997)[edit] Local ownership of the Times and Star ended in 1977 with their purchase by Capital Cities.[11] In 1990 the Star became a morning newspaper taking the place of what was then the larger Kansas City Times which ceased publication. The Walt Disney Company acquired Capital Cities/ABC in January 1996. Disney sold the paper to Knight Ridder in May 1997 as Disney moved to concentrate on broadcast rather than newspaper investments. Under Capital Cities ownership the newspaper won three Pulitzer Prizes. Knight Ridder/McClatchy (1997 – present)[edit] Knight Ridder's legacy is a massive $199 million, two-block long, glass-enclosed printing and distribution plant on the northeast side of the Star's landmark red brick headquarters at 1729 Grand Avenue. The plant began printing in June 2006. It took nearly four years to build, and is considered a major part of the effort to revitalize downtown Kansas City. The plant contains four 60 foot high presses. On June 4, 2006, the first edition of the Star came out from the new presses with a major redesign in the sections and the logo. The new paper design involved shrinking its broadsheet width from 15 to 12 inches and shrinking the length from 22 ​3⁄4 to 21 ​1⁄2 inches. Other broadsheet newspapers across the country, including the Wall Street Journal, are moving to the smaller standard size. The McClatchy Company bought Knight Ridder in June 2006. The paper became one of three finalists in 2018, for the 2017 annual award in the Scripps Howard Foundation's First Amendment category, for its feature, “Why So Secret, Kansas?," on the topic of official state agency resistance to release of public records. Columnist Melinda Henneberger was also chosen as a finalist in the Opinion category.[12]

Pulitzer Prizes[edit] Star headquarters in the 1911 Jarvis Hunt designed building that is on the National Register of Historic Places The newspaper has won eight Pulitzer Prizes: 1931 Pulitzer Prize – A.B. MacDonald for articles about a murder in Amarillo, Texas 1933 Pulitzer Prize – Editorial Writing 1944 Pulitzer Prize – Henry Haskell for Editorial Writing 1952 Pulitzer Prize – Coverage of the Great Flood of 1951 1954 Pulitzer Prize – Alvin Scott McCoy's local reporting coverage that led to the resignation of C. Wesley Roberts as Republican National Chairman 1982 Pulitzer Prize – Local news reporting of the Hyatt Regency walkway collapse (along with the Kansas City Times) 1982 – Rick Atkinson (of the Kansas City Times) for national reporting for a series on the West Point Class of 1968 1992 Pulitzer Prize – National reporting by Jeff Taylor and Mike McGraw's critical examination of the U.S. Department of Agriculture

Notable past columnists[edit] Joe Posnanski Jason Whitlock Joe McGuff Lee Shippey William E. Vaughan William Allen White

References[edit] ^ "Ernest Hemingway". The Kansas City Star. Archived from the original on January 22, 2014. Retrieved July 25, 2012.  ^ "Kansas City Star" by Roger Miller ^ " | Star History". Retrieved 25 July 2012.  ^ "Star History".  ^ a b Gale Reference Team (2006). "Biography – Nelson, William Rockhill (1841–1915)" ^ Ray, Mrs. Sam (Mildred). "Kansas City Star Building". Missouri Valley Special Collections.  ^ Harry Haskell (2007). Boss-Busters and Sin Hounds: Kansas City and Its "Star". Columbia: University of Missouri Press. ISBN 978-0-8262-1769-1. [page needed] ^ The Kansas City Journal-Post's Diamond Jubilee Section at UMKC ^ "Paper mill employees in 1971 were locked out for three months; current employees, community face uncertainties," Park Falls Herald, March 8, 2006 Registration is required to access this link. ^ Ford, Susan Jezak (1999). "Biography of Roy A. Roberts (1887–1967), Newspaperman". Missouri Valley Special Collections. Retrieved June 8, 2010.  ^ "The McClatchy Company". Retrieved 25 July 2012.  ^ Scripps Howard Awards honor the best in journalism with finalists in 15 categories, Scripps Howard Foundation, Kari Wethington, February 27, 2018. Retrieved February 27, 2018.

External links[edit] Missouri portal Journalism portal The Kansas City Star official site Official mobile site Kansas City Star Quilts "2007 Top 100 Daily Newspapers in the U.S. by Circulation" (PDF). BurrellesLuce. March 31, 2007. Retrieved May 28, 2007.  "The Kansas City Star". The McClatchy Company. Retrieved October 23, 2006.  Susan Jezak Ford (1999). "Roy A. Roberts". Kansas City Public Library. Archived from the original on November 5, 2004. Retrieved October 23, 2006.  "The Pulitzer Prizes". Columbia University. Archived from the original on October 6, 2006. Retrieved October 23, 2006.  Coordinates: 39°5′34″N 94°34′51″W / 39.09278°N 94.58083°W / 39.09278; -94.58083 v t e The McClatchy Company Newspapers The Beaufort Gazette Belleville News-Democrat The Bellingham Herald The Bradenton Herald Centre Daily Times The Charlotte Observer Columbus Ledger-Enquirer Florida Keys Keynoter Fort Worth Star-Telegram The Fresno Bee Rock Hill (S.C.) Herald The Herald-Sun (Durham, N.C.) The Idaho Statesman Hilton Head (S.C.) Island Packet The Kansas City Star Lexington Herald-Leader The Telegraph (Macon, GA) Merced Sun-Star Miami Herald The Modesto Bee The Sun News (Myrtle Beach, S.C.) El Nuevo Herald The Olathe News The Olympian The News & Observer (Raleigh, N.C.) The Sacramento Bee The San Luis Obispo Tribune The State (Columbia, S.C.) The Sun Herald The News Tribune Tri-City Herald The Wichita Eagle Partnerships CareerBuilder (14.4%) The Seattle Times Company (49.5%) Topix (11.25%) Acquisitions Cowles Media Company Knight Ridder v t e Crossroads Arts District The Kansas City Star Kauffman Center for the Performing Arts Freight House Monroe Hotel Stuart Hall Building TWA Corporate Headquarters' Building Western Auto Building v t e The Kansas City Area Kansas City, Missouri The Metro Area History Timeline Economy Neighborhoods Architecture Fountains Barbecue Jazz Broadcast Film Education Sports v t e Pulitzer Prize Special Citations and Awards (Journalism) Frank I. Cobb (1924 award to his widow) William O. Dapping (1930) Edmonton Journal (1938) The New York Times (1941) Byron Price (1944) American press cartographers (1945) St. Louis Post-Dispatch (1947) Cyrus Leo Sulzberger II (1951) Arthur Krock (1951) Max Kase (1952) The Kansas City Star (1952) The New York Times (1953) Walter Lippmann (1958) Gannett Newspapers (1964) Richard Strout (1978) Herb Caen (1996) Complete list (Journalism) (Letters) (Arts) (Service) Retrieved from "" Categories: Media in the Kansas City metropolitan areaNewspapers published in KansasNewspapers published in MissouriMcClatchy publicationsPulitzer Prize-winning newspapersPublications established in 18801880 establishments in MissouriHidden categories: Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2010Use American English from December 2014All Wikipedia articles written in American EnglishUse mdy dates from June 2012Pages using deprecated image syntaxAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from December 2014Coordinates on Wikidata

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