Contents 1 History 2 Editorial philosophy 3 Register and Tribune Syndicate 4 Columnists 5 Awards 6 Iowa Sports Hall of Fame 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links

History[edit] The first newspaper in Des Moines, the Iowa Star, was founded in 1849. In 1855, the Iowa Citizen began publication; it was renamed the Iowa State Register in 1860. In 1902, the Register merged with the Des Moines Leader, a descendant of the Star, to become the Des Moines Register and Leader. In 1903, Des Moines banker Gardner Cowles, Sr. purchased the Register and Leader; the name became The Des Moines Register in 1915. (Cowles also acquired the Des Moines Tribune in 1908. The Tribune, which merged with the rival Des Moines News in 1924 and the Des Moines Capital in 1927, served as the evening paper for the Des Moines area until it ended publication on September 25, 1982.) Under the ownership of the Cowles family, the Register became Iowa's largest and most influential newspaper, eventually adopting the slogan "The Newspaper Iowa Depends Upon." Newspapers were distributed to all four corners of the state by train and later by truck as Iowa's highway system was improving. The Register employed reporters in cities and towns throughout Iowa, and it covered national and international news stories from an Iowa perspective, even setting up its own news bureau in Washington, D.C. in 1933. During the 1960s, circulation of the Register peaked at nearly 250,000 for the daily edition and 500,000 for the Sunday edition–more than the population of Des Moines at the time. In 1935, the Register & Tribune Company founded radio station KRNT-AM, named after the newspapers' nickname, "the R 'n T." In 1955, the company, renamed Cowles Communications some years earlier, founded Des Moines' third television station, KRNT-TV, which was renamed KCCI after the radio station was sold in 1974. Cowles eventually acquired other newspapers, radio stations and television stations, but almost all of them were sold to other companies by 1985. In 1906, the newspaper's first front-page editorial cartoon, illustrated by Jay Norwood Darling, was published; the tradition of front-page editorial cartoons continued until December 4, 2008 when 25-year veteran cartoonist Brian Duffy was let go in a round of staff cuts. In 1943, the Register became the first newspaper to sponsor a statewide opinion poll when it introduced the Iowa Poll, modeled after Iowan George Gallup's national Gallup poll. Sports coverage was increased under sports editor Garner "Sec" Taylor – for whom Sec Taylor Field at Principal Park is named – in the 1920s. For many years the Register printed its sports sections on peach-colored paper, but that tradition ended for the daily paper in 1981 and for the Sunday Register's "Big Peach" in 1999. Another Register tradition – the sponsorship of RAGBRAI – began in 1973 when writer John Karras challenged columnist Donald Kaul to do a border-to-border bicycle ride across Iowa. The liberal-leaning editorial page has brought Donald Kaul back for Sunday opinion columns. Other local columns have faded and given way to Gannett-distributed material. In 1985, faced with declining circulation and revenues, the Cowles family sold off its various properties to different owners, with the Register going to Gannett. At the time of sale, only The New York Times had won more Pulitzer Prizes for national reporting. In 1990, the Register began to reduce its coverage of news outside of the Des Moines area by closing most of its Iowa news bureaus and ending carrier distribution to outlying counties, although an "Iowa Edition" of the Register is still distributed throughout most of the state. Many of the Register's news stories and editorials focus on Des Moines and its suburbs. The Register opened a new printing and distribution facility on the south side of Des Moines in 2000. The news & advertising offices remained in downtown Des Moines. After 95 years in the Des Moines Register Building at 715 Locust Street, the Register announced in 2012 that they would move to a new location in 2013, settling for Capital Square three blocks to the east.[2] Overnight on Friday, June 14 into the early morning hours of Saturday, June 15, 2013 The Register moved to its new location on the 4th & 5th floors of Capital Square with no interruption in service, design, reporting, circulation, or any other operations. The old building was sold in late 2014 and will be redeveloped into a combination of apartments and retail space.[3]

Editorial philosophy[edit] In the three decades before the Cowles family acquired the Register in 1903, the Register was a "voice of pragmatic conservatism."[4] However, Gardner Cowles Sr., who served as a Republican in the Iowa General Assembly and was a delegate to the 1916 Republican National Convention,[5] was an advocate of progressive Republicanism.[4] The new owners presented a variety of viewpoints, including Darling cartoons that frequently made fun of progressive politicians.[6] During the Cowles family's ownership, the Register's editorial page philosophy was generally more liberal in its outlook than editorial pages of other Iowa newspapers, but there were notable exceptions. Gardner Cowles Sr. served in the administration of President Herbert Hoover.[5] The publishers strongly supported Republican Wendell Willkie's 1940 presidential campaign against Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt.[7] The newspaper also supported Republican Dwight Eisenhower's campaigns for the Republican nomination and general election in 1952, and again in 1956.[7] Although the Register endorsed presidential candidates Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964,[8] Hubert Humphrey in 1968,[9] and Jimmy Carter in 1976,[10] it endorsed Richard Nixon in 1960[8] and 1972.[11] The paper was a severe critic of George W. Bush's warrantless wiretapping strategy, claiming that in doing so, "President Bush has declared war on the American people." In December 2007, two weeks before the 2008 Iowa caucuses, the Register endorsed Hillary Clinton (in the Democratic caucuses) and John McCain (in the Republican caucuses).[12] In October 2008, the Register endorsed Barack Obama for president in the general election.[13] In 2011, 24 days before the 2012 Iowa caucuses, the newspaper endorsed former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney in the 2012 Republican Iowa Caucuses. The Register endorsed Romney over Obama 10 days before the general election on October 27, 2012—the first time it had supported a Republican for president since 1972.[14] On July 24, 2015, the newspaper announced that it had been denied press credentials to cover a Donald Trump presidential campaign family picnic in Oskaloosa, Iowa, due to an editorial the previous week which called on Trump to drop out of the race.[15][16] On January 23, 2016, the Register endorsed Republican Senator Marco Rubio for the GOP nomination, and Hillary Clinton as the Democratic candidate.

Register and Tribune Syndicate[edit] Main article: Register and Tribune Syndicate In 1922, Gardner Cowles' son John launched the Register and Tribune Syndicate. At its peak, the syndicate offered other newspapers some 60 to 75 features, including editorial cartoonist Herblock and commentaries by David Horowitz, Stanley Karnow, and others. The cartoons and comic strips included Spider-Man. Will Eisner's The Spirit was part of a 16-page Sunday supplement known colloquially as "The Spirit Section". This was a tabloid-sized newsprint comic book sold as part of eventually 20 Sunday newspapers with a combined circulation of as many as five million copies. The most successful comics feature was The Family Circus, eventually distributed to more than 1,000 newspapers. In 1986, the Register and Tribune Syndicate was sold to Hearst and the King Features Syndicate for $4.3 million.[17]

Columnists[edit] Current Register columnists include Rekha Basu, Kathie Obradovich, Daniel P. Finney, and Kyle Munson. Former columnist Rob Borsellino, who authored the book So I'm Talkin' to This Guy... (ISBN 1-888223-66-9), died of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis on May 27, 2006.

Awards[edit] The Register has won 16 Pulitzer Prizes: [1] [2] 6 for National Reporting: 1954, 1958, 1968, 1976, 1979, and 1985 3 for Editorial Writing: 1938, 1943, and 1956 3 for Editorial Cartooning: 1924, 1943, and 1963 1 for Photography: 1952 1 for Feature Photography: 1987 1 for Breaking News Photography: 2010 1 for Public Service: 1991 Register photographer Robert Modersohn was one of four finalists for the 1976 Pulitzer Prize for Feature Photography for a selection of photographs the jury described as unusual. Register writer Clark Kauffman was one of three finalists for the 2005 Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting for his exposure of glaring injustice in the handling of traffic tickets by public officials in Iowa. Editorial writer Andie Dominick was a finalist for the 2014 Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Writing for her series of editorials on Iowa's job licensing laws.[18]

Iowa Sports Hall of Fame[edit] The Register sponsors the Iowa Sports Hall of Fame.

References[edit] ^ "Register circulation numbers hit 90-year low". December 31, 2014.  ^ Eller, Donnelle (September 17, 2012). "Des Moines Register signs lease for new space in Capital Square". The Des Moines Register. ^ Aschbrenner, Joel (November 27, 2014). "Des Moines Register building sold". Des Moines Register. Retrieved 2015-09-27.  ^ a b William B. Friedricks, "Covering Iowa: The History of the Des Moines Register and Tribune Company, 1849-1985," pp. 40-44 (Blackwell Pub. 2000), ISBN 0-8138-2620-9. ^ a b Herbert Strentz, "Gardner Cowles, Sr.," at Cowles Family Publishing Legacy, Drake University (accessed 2009-03-08). ^ Editorial Cartoons of J.N. 'Ding' Darling (Iowa Digital Library: University of Iowa Libraries) - Cartoons referencing or depicting progressivism or progressives (accessed 2009-03-09). ^ a b Herbert Strentz, "Gardner (Mike) Cowles, Jr.," at Cowles Family Publishing Legacy, Drake University (accessed 2009-03-08). ^ a b “How Iowa Dailies See Candidates,” Des Moines Register, 1964-10-25 at 6-F. ^ Editorial, “Difficult Choice for President,” Des Moines Register, 1968-10-27 at 12-T. ^ Editorial, “The Presidential Ticket,” Des Moines Register, 1976-10-24, at B1. ^ Editorial, “The Choice for President,” Des Moines Register, 1972-10-29 at 10-C. ^ "'Des Moines Register' backs McCain, Clinton," USA Today, 2007-12-17 (accessed 2009-03-08). ^ Register editorial board endorses Obama for President, Des Moines Register, 2008-10-25 (accessed 2009-03-08). ^ "'Des Moines Register' Endorses Romney With Eye Toward Economy". npr.  ^ Noble, Jason (July 24, 2015). "Trump barring Des Moines Register from campaign event". Des Moines Register. Retrieved 2015-09-27.  ^ "Editorial: Trump should pull the plug on his bloviating side show". Des Moines Register. July 21, 2015. Retrieved 2015-09-27.  ^ Strentz, Herb. "John Cowles," Cowles Family Publishing Legacy: Drake University, Cowles Library. Accessed Jan. 3, 2018. ^ Register's Andie Dominick named Pulitzer finalist, The Des Moines Register "2007 Top 100 Daily Newspapers in the U.S. by Circulation" (PDF). BurrellesLuce. 2007-03-31. Retrieved 2007-05-29.  "About Gannett: The Des Moines Register". Gannett Co., Inc. Retrieved 2007-03-01.  "Daily and Sunday Newspaper Circulation". Newspapers First. 2006-03-31. Retrieved 2007-03-01.  "CIETC scandal's cost vexes lawmakers: Iowans have been asked to repay $1.2 million of federal funding". Des Moines Register. Retrieved 2007-05-31.  "CIETC in violation of publication law: For six months, the beleaguered state agency hasn't published minutes or expense reports, as it must do". Des Moines Register. Retrieved 2007-05-31.  "Des Moines Register articles related to the CIETC scandal". Des Moines Register. Retrieved 2007-05-31.  "Register adds 23 officials in CIETC lawsuit". Des Moines Register. Retrieved 2007-05-31.  "Iowa Student Loan settles suit over document access". Des Moines Register. Retrieved 2007-08-28. 

Further reading[edit] Friedricks, William B. Covering Iowa: The History of the Des Moines Register and Tribune Company, 1849-1985 (1991)

External links[edit] Iowa portal Journalism portal Official website Juice's website Des Moines Metromix Des Moines Moms Like Me Iowa Newspaper Association America's Best Buy: The Louisiana Purchase (Register and Tribune Syndicate comic strip) at Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on April 4, 2012. v t e Gannett Company Directors: Full list of directors National assets USA Today The Big Lead USA Today Sports Weekly v t e Gannett Company regional daily newspapers in the United States Abilene Reporter-News The Advocate Anderson Independent-Mail Alamogordo Daily News Argus Leader The Arizona Republic Asbury Park Press Asheville Citizen-Times Battle Creek Enquirer The Baxter Bulletin The Burlington Free Press Carlsbad Current-Argus Chillicothe Gazette The Cincinnati Enquirer The Clarion-Ledger Commercial Appeal Corpus Christi Caller-Times Coshocton Tribune The Courier-Journal Courier News Courier-Post The Daily Advertiser The Daily Journal The Daily News Journal Daily Record The Daily Times (Farmington) The Daily Times (Salisbury) Daily World Deming Headlight Democrat and Chronicle The Des Moines Register The Desert Sun Detroit Free Press El Paso Times Evansville Courier & Press The Evening Sun Florida Today Fort Collins Coloradoan Fort Myers News-Press Great Falls Tribune Green Bay Press-Gazette The Greenville News Hattiesburg American Henderson Gleaner Herald Times Reporter Home News Tribune The Indianapolis Star Iowa City Press-Citizen The Ithaca Journal The Jackson Sun Journal & Courier The Journal News Kitsap Sun Knoxville News Sentinel Lancaster Eagle-Gazette Lansing State Journal Las Cruces Sun-News The Leaf-Chronicle Lebanon Daily News Mansfield News Journal The Marion Star Marshfield News-Herald Milwaukee Journal Sentinel CNI Community Newspapers Montgomery Advertiser Naples Daily News News Herald The News Leader The News Journal The News-Messenger The News-Star Oshkosh Northwestern Pacific Daily News Palladium-Item Pensacola News Journal Port Huron Times Herald The Post-Crescent Poughkeepsie Journal Press & Sun-Bulletin Public Opinion Redding Record Searchlight Reno Gazette-Journal The Reporter St. Cloud Times The Salinas Californian San Angelo Standard-Times The Sheboygan Press Silver City Sun News The Spectrum Springfield News-Leader Star-Gazette The Star Press Statesman Journal Stevens Point Journal Stuart News Telegraph-Forum The Tennessean The Times Times Herald Times Record News Times Recorder The Town Talk Treasure Coast Newspapers Tulare Advance-Register Ventura County Star Vero Beach Press Journal Visalia Times-Delta Wausau Daily Herald Wisconsin Rapids Daily Tribune York Daily Record v t e Newsquest daily newspapers in the United Kingdom The Argus, Brighton The Bolton News Telegraph & Argus, Bradford Evening Gazette, Colchester Bournemouth Daily Echo Dorset Echo Echo, Basildon, Essex Evening Times Greenock Telegraph The Herald, Glasgow News Shopper, South East London & North West Kent Lancashire Telegraph Oxford Mail The National, Scotland The Northern Echo The Press, York Southern Daily Echo, Southampton South Wales Argus Swindon Advertiser Worcester News v t e Pulitzer Prize for Public Service (1976–2000) Anchorage Daily News (1976) Lufkin Daily News (1977) Philadelphia Inquirer (1978) Point Reyes Light (1979) Gannett News Service (1980) Charlotte Observer (1981) Detroit News (1982) Jackson Clarion-Ledger (1983) Los Angeles Times (1984) Fort Worth Star-Telegram (1985) Denver Post (1986) Pittsburgh Press (1987) Charlotte Observer (1988) Anchorage Daily News (1989) Washington Daily News / Philadelphia Inquirer (1990) Des Moines Register (1991) Sacramento Bee (1992) Miami Herald (1993) Akron Beacon Journal (1994) Virgin Islands Daily News (1995) News & Observer (1996) New Orleans Times-Picayune (1997) Grand Forks Herald (1998) Washington Post (1999) Washington Post (2000) Complete list (1918–1925) (1926–1950) (1951–1975) (1976–2000) (2001–2025) Retrieved from "" Categories: Pulitzer Prize-winning newspapersGannett publicationsFreedom of information in the United StatesNewspapers published in IowaMedia in Des Moines, IowaPublications established in 18491849 establishments in IowaHidden categories: Pages using deprecated image syntax

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