Contents 1 History (1934–1939) 2 Little Tough Guys (1938–1943) 3 The East Side Kids (1940–1945) 4 The Bowery Boys (1946–1958) 5 Epilogue 6 Members 7 Filmography – Dead End Kids (1937–1940) 8 Similar groups 9 References 10 External links

History (1934–1939)[edit] In 1934, Sidney Kingsley wrote a play about a group of children growing up on the streets of New York City. A total of fourteen children were hired to play various roles in the play, including Billy Halop (Tommy), Bobby Jordan (Angel), Huntz Hall (Dippy), Charles Duncan (Spit), Bernard Punsly (Milty), Gabriel Dell (T.B.), and Leo and David Gorcey (Second Avenue Boys). Duncan left for a role in another play before opening night and was replaced by Leo, his understudy. Leo had been a plumber's assistant and was originally recruited by his brother David to audition for the play. The play opened at the Belasco Theatre on October 28, 1935, and ran for two years, totaling 684 performances. Samuel Goldwyn and director William Wyler saw the play and decided to turn it into a film. They paid $165,000 for the rights to the film and began auditioning actors in Los Angeles.[1] Failing to find actors that could convey the emotions they saw in the play, Goldwyn and Wyler had six of the original Kids (Halop, Jordan, Hall, Punsly, Dell, and Leo Gorcey) brought from New York City to Hollywood for the film. The Kids were all signed to two-year contracts, allowing for possible future films, and began working on the 1937 United Artists' film, Dead End. The actual name of the gang of boys in Dead End is written in chalk on the wall that is shown throughout the movie. It reads: "East 53rd Place Gang Members Only". During production, the boys ran wild around the studio, destroying property, including a truck that they crashed into a sound stage. Goldwyn chose not to use them again and sold their contract to Warner Brothers.[2] Warner Brothers had initially attempted to rename them as "The Crime School Kids" through advertisements for their first two films produced there, starting with Crime School (1937), to disassociate them from their previous studio's film, and promote their own. However, this was all in vain as the name never caught on, and they remained "The Dead End Kids".[2] At Warner Brothers, the Dead End Kids made six films, including Angels with Dirty Faces, with some of the top actors in Hollywood, including James Cagney, Humphrey Bogart, John Garfield, Pat O'Brien, and Ronald Reagan. The last one was in 1939, when they were released from their contracts owing to more antics on the studio lot.

Little Tough Guys (1938–1943)[edit] Main article: Little Tough Guys Shortly after they made their first film at Warner Brothers in 1938, Universal borrowed all of the Dead End Kids except for Bobby Jordan and Leo Gorcey and made twelve films and three 12-chapter serials under the team names of "The Dead End Kids and Little Tough Guys" and "Little Tough Guys". Universal also contracted Leo's brother David and Hally Chester to join the team. After Warners released Jordan from his contract, Universal quickly signed him to join the rest of gang. Because the original Dead End Kids were now working for several studios, their Universal films were made at roughly the same time as the Warner Brothers' 'Dead End Kids' series and, later, Monogram Picture's "The East Side Kids" series. The final Universal film was Keep 'Em Slugging, released in 1943.

The East Side Kids (1940–1945)[edit] Main article: East Side Kids After Warner Brothers released the remaining Dead End Kids from their contracts in 1939, producer Sam Katzman at Monogram acted quickly and hired several of them, including Jordan and the Gorcey brothers, as well as Chester and some of the other Little Tough Guys to star in a new series using the name "The East Side Kids". This series introduced 'Sunshine' Sammy Morrison, one of the original members of the Our Gang comedy team, to the group. A total of 22 East Side Kids films were made, ending with Come Out Fighting in 1945.

The Bowery Boys (1946–1958)[edit] Main article: The Bowery Boys In 1946, with only Monogram making films using any of the original Dead End Kids, Huntz Hall, Leo Gorcey, and Gorcey's agent, Jan Grippo, revamped The East Side Kids, renaming them "The Bowery Boys". These films followed a more established formula than the earlier films. First Jordan and then Dell departed the series after several films. Gorcey left after the 41st film and was replaced by Stanley Clements for the remaining films. In all, a total of 48 Bowery Boys films were made, ending with 1958's In the Money. During the series Hall and Dell did a nightclub act together. Gorcey and Hall reteamed on the film Second Fiddle To a Steel Guitar then finally, in The Phynx. The Dead End Kids' star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame

Epilogue[edit] In total the various teams that began life as "The Dead End Kids" made 89 films and three serials for four different studios during their 21-year-long film career. The team was awarded a star on Hollywood's Walk of Fame that can be found at the corner of La Brea and Hollywood. One notable aspect of the group's history is their transition from stark drama to comedy. When they began, in Dead End and their other early films, their characters were serious, gritty, genuinely menacing young hoodlums. But by the height of their career, their movies were comedies, with the Kids depicted as low-class but basically harmless, likable teens – comic caricatures of their former selves. The original play has had two revivals. A 1978 adaptation played at the Quigh Theatre in New York, N.Y. and another in 2005 at the Ahmanson Theatre in Los Angeles, where the family of the original Dead End Kids – Leo Gorcey, Jr., Bobby Jordan, Jr., Gabe Dell, Jr., and the nieces and nephews of Billy Halop – attended a performance together.[1] Gorcey in the film Gallant Sons (1940) Bernard Punsly in the trailer for Little Tough Guy (1938)

Members[edit] Gabriel Dell was often cast as erstwhile friends or antagonist characters pitted against the other Dead End Kids. Dell continued to act in both film and television roles for the rest of his life. Leo Gorcey was known for his diminutive stature, wiseguy attitude and frequent malapropisms, which he delivered in a Brooklyn accent. While he played various characters in the "Dead End Kids", "East Side Kids", and "Bowery Boys" films, these roles tended to be similar street tough characters. For the "Bowery Boys" series, he was the leader of the group. Billy Halop served as the original leader of the "Dead End Kids". He later appeared on All in the Family in a recurring role. Huntz Hall became known for his goofy, bumbling character Horace DeBussy "Sach" Jones in the "Bowery Boys" films. Following Gorcey's departure, he became the focal point of the series. Later, Hall acted in war films and staged a successful nightclub act with fellow actor Gabriel Dell. Bobby Jordan was the youngest member of the group. Over time, with the rising popularity of Gorcey and Hall, Jordan's role was reduced to little more than a background character. Bernard Punsly was known for his well-meaning, likeable personality. He tended to play new kid on the block roles and act as the voice of reason among the gang. After serving in the military, Punsly later became a doctor and retired from show business altogether.

Filmography – Dead End Kids (1937–1940)[edit] Title Year Distributor Dead End 1937 United Artists Crime School 1938 Warner Brothers Angels with Dirty Faces 1938 Warner Brothers They Made Me a Criminal 1939 Warner Brothers Hell's Kitchen 1939 Warner Brothers The Angels Wash Their Faces 1939 Warner Brothers On Dress Parade 1939 Warner Brothers

Similar groups[edit] The Harlem Tuff Kids Prison Bait (1939) Take My Life (1942) The Gas House Kids Gas House Kids (1946) Gas House Kids Go West (1947) Gas House Kids in Hollywood (1947)

References[edit] ^ a b Getz, Leonard (2006). From Broadway to the Bowery. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc. ^ a b Hayes, David and Walker, Brent (1984). The Films of The Bowery Boys. Secaucus, NJ: Citadel Press. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (February 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

External links[edit] Book: Dead End Kids The Dead End Kids @ Leo Gorcey on IMDb Huntz Hall on IMDb Gabriel Dell on IMDb Billy Halop on IMDb Bobby Jordan on IMDb Bernard Punsly on IMDb Preceded by None Dead End Kids 1937–1939 Succeeded by Little Tough Guys 1938–1943 v t e Dead End Kids Gabriel Dell  • David Gorcey  • Leo Gorcey  • Huntz Hall  • Billy Halop  • Bobby Jordan Dead End Dead End Crime School Angels with Dirty Faces They Made Me a Criminal Hell's Kitchen The Angels Wash Their Faces On Dress Parade v t e Little Tough Guys William "Billy" Benedict Harris Berger Hally Chester Gabriel Dell Charles Duncan David Gorcey Huntz Hall Billy Halop Bobby Jordan Bernard Punsley Little Tough Guy Little Tough Guys in Society Newsboys' Home Code of the Streets Call a Messenger You're Not So Tough Junior G-Men Give Us Wings Hit the Road Sea Raiders Mob Town Junior G-Men of the Air Tough as They Come Mug Town Keep 'Em Slugging v t e East Side Kids Gabriel Dell David Gorcey Leo Gorcey Huntz Hall Bobby Jordan Stanley Clements Ernie Morrison Johnny Duncan Buddy Gorman Donald Haines East Side Kids Boys of the City That Gang of Mine Pride of the Bowery Flying Wild Bowery Blitzkrieg Spooks Run Wild Mr. Wise Guy Let's Get Tough! Smart Alecks 'Neath Brooklyn Bridge Kid Dynamite Clancy Street Boys Ghosts on the Loose Mr. Muggs Steps Out Million Dollar Kid Follow the Leader Block Busters Bowery Champs Docks of New York Mr. Muggs Rides Again Come Out Fighting v t e The Bowery Boys Live Wires In Fast Company Bowery Bombshell Spook Busters Mr. Hex Hard Boiled Mahoney News Hounds Bowery Buckaroos Angels' Alley Jinx Money Smugglers' Cove Trouble Makers Fighting Fools Hold That Baby! Angels in Disguise Master Minds Blonde Dynamite Lucky Losers Triple Trouble Blues Busters Bowery Battalion Ghost Chasers Let's Go Navy! Crazy Over Horses Hold That Line Here Come the Marines Feudin' Fools No Holds Barred Jalopy Loose in London Clipped Wings Private Eyes Paris Playboys The Bowery Boys Meet the Monsters Jungle Gents Bowery to Bagdad High Society Spy Chasers Jail Busters Dig That Uranium Crashing Las Vegas Fighting Trouble Hot Shots Hold That Hypnotist Spook Chasers Looking for Danger Up in Smoke In the Money Retrieved from "" Categories: Film series introduced in 1937American comedy troupesFilm seriesArticles about multiple peopleHidden categories: Articles needing additional references from February 2013All articles needing additional references

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Dead End Kids (song)New York, New YorkSidney KingsleyBroadway TheatreDead End (play)Samuel GoldwynHollywoodLittle Tough GuysEast Side KidsThe Bowery BoysSidney KingsleyBilly HalopBobby JordanHuntz HallBernard PunslyGabriel DellLeo GorceyDavid GorceyBelasco TheatreSamuel GoldwynWilliam Wyler1937 In FilmUnited ArtistsDead End (1937 Film)Warner Bros.Crime SchoolAngels With Dirty FacesJames CagneyHumphrey BogartJohn GarfieldPat O'Brien (actor)Ronald ReaganLittle Tough GuysUniversal PicturesMonogram PicturesKeep 'Em SluggingEast Side KidsSam KatzmanSammy MorrisonOur GangCome Out Fighting (1945 Film)The Bowery BoysThe Bowery BoysStanley ClementsIn The MoneyThe PhynxEnlargeHollywood Walk Of FameHollywood's Walk Of FameAhmanson TheatreEnlargeGallant SonsEnlargeLittle Tough GuyGabriel DellLeo GorceyBilly HalopAll In The FamilyHuntz HallWar FilmsBobby JordanBernard PunslyNew Kid On The BlockDead End (1937 Film)United ArtistsCrime SchoolWarner Bros.Angels With Dirty FacesThey Made Me A CriminalHell's Kitchen (1939 Film)The Angels Wash Their FacesOn Dress ParadeGas House KidsGas House Kids Go WestGas House Kids In HollywoodWikipedia:VerifiabilityHelp:Introduction To Referencing With Wiki Markup/1Help:Maintenance Template RemovalBook:Dead End KidsIMDbIMDbIMDbIMDbIMDbIMDbLittle Tough GuysTemplate:Dead End KidsTemplate Talk:Dead End KidsGabriel DellDavid GorceyLeo GorceyHuntz HallBilly HalopBobby JordanDead End (play)Dead End (1937 Film)Crime SchoolAngels With Dirty FacesThey Made Me A CriminalHell's Kitchen (1939 Film)The Angels Wash Their FacesOn Dress ParadeTemplate:Little Tough GuysTemplate Talk:Little Tough GuysLittle Tough GuysWilliam "Billy" BenedictHally ChesterGabriel DellDavid GorceyHuntz HallBilly HalopBobby JordanBernard PunsleyLittle Tough GuyLittle Tough Guys In SocietyNewsboys' HomeCode Of The StreetsCall A MessengerYou're Not So ToughJunior G-Men (serial)Give Us WingsHit The RoadSea RaidersMob TownJunior G-Men Of The AirKeep 'Em SluggingTemplate:East Side KidsTemplate Talk:East Side KidsEast Side KidsGabriel DellDavid GorceyLeo GorceyHuntz HallBobby JordanStanley ClementsErnie MorrisonJohnny Duncan (actor)Buddy GormanDonald HainesEast Side Kids (film)Boys Of The CityThat Gang Of MinePride Of The BoweryFlying WildBowery BlitzkriegSpooks Run WildMr. Wise GuyLet's Get Tough!Smart Alecks'Neath Brooklyn BridgeKid Dynamite (film)Clancy Street BoysGhosts On The LooseMr. Muggs Steps OutMillion Dollar KidFollow The Leader (1944 Film)Block BustersBowery ChampsDocks Of New YorkMr. Muggs Rides AgainCome Out Fighting (1945 Film)Template:The Bowery BoysTemplate Talk:The Bowery BoysThe Bowery BoysLive WiresIn Fast CompanyBowery BombshellSpook BustersMr. HexHard Boiled MahoneyNews HoundsBowery BuckaroosAngels' AlleyJinx MoneySmugglers' CoveTrouble Makers (1948 Film)Fighting FoolsHold That Baby!Angels In Disguise (film)Master MindsBlonde DynamiteLucky LosersTriple Trouble (1950 Film)Blues Busters (film)Bowery BattalionGhost ChasersLet's Go Navy!Crazy Over HorsesHold That LineHere Come The MarinesFeudin' FoolsNo Holds Barred (1952 Film)Jalopy (film)Loose In LondonClipped Wings (1953 Film)Private Eyes (1953 Film)Paris PlayboysThe Bowery Boys Meet The MonstersJungle GentsBowery To BagdadHigh Society (1955 Film)Spy ChasersJail BustersDig That UraniumCrashing Las VegasFighting TroubleHot Shots (1956 Film)Hold That HypnotistSpook ChasersLooking For DangerUp In Smoke (1957 Film)In The MoneyHelp:CategoryCategory:Film Series Introduced In 1937Category:American Comedy TroupesCategory:Film SeriesCategory:Articles About Multiple PeopleCategory:Articles Needing Additional References From February 2013Category:All Articles Needing Additional ReferencesDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

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