Contents 1 When to use 2 How to use 3 Examples 4 Redirects 5 Aliases 6 See also 7 TemplateData When to use Use this template to "tag" information or analysis that you believe is improperly or unnecessarily supported by a primary source, so that other editors can see whether this use is appropriate and/or replace it with a citation to a stronger, secondary source. Primary sources may be used on Wikipedia, but they need to be handled with care. "Primary source" does not mean that the author is too closely affiliated with the subject. As a general rule, primary sources include all scientific journal articles about experiments, as well as news reports and other documents dating from around the time of an event. If you are looking for an independent, third-party source, use {{third-party}} instead. How to use This template also has several optional fields. If you pass in an unnamed parameter, it specifies which part of the article inappropriately relies solely on primary sources. By default, the entire article needs third-party sources, i.e. it's equivalent to: {{Primary sources|article}} To tag a specific section use: {{Primary sources|section}} If you pass in a |date= parameter (month year), it sorts the article into subcategories of Category:Articles lacking reliable references and out of the parent category. This in turn allows the oldest problems to be identified and dealt with first. If the date parameter is omitted, a bot will add it later. If you use {{BLP primary sources}} (which is a wrapper for {{Primary sources}} with the BLP=yes parameter), it indicates that the article is a biography of a living person, and also sorts the article into subcategories of Category:BLP articles lacking sources. This serves to indicate a problem with the policy on self-published sources in biographies of living persons. Note that order does not matter with respect to the above optional parameters. Both {{Primary sources|section|date=February 2018}} and {{Primary sources|date=February 2018|section}} will produce the same result. Examples {{BLP primary sources|date=February 2018}} This biographical article relies too much on references to primary sources. Please improve this biographical article by adding secondary or tertiary sources. Contentious material about living persons that is unsourced or poorly sourced must be removed immediately, especially if potentially libelous or harmful. (February 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Redirects Aliases include: {{Primary}} {{Primary source}} {{Primary Sources}} {{Primarysource}} {{Primarysources}} {{PrimarySources}} Aliases {{BLP primary sources}}—this template with BLP=yes See also Primary source templates {{Primary source inline}}—inline with text, to object to the inappropriate use of a primary source (regardless of whether the primary source is independent of the subject) Third-party source templates {{Third-party inline}}—Inline with text, to request an independent source Wikipedia:Identifying and using primary and secondary sources Wikipedia:Secondary does not mean independent Wikipedia:Template messages/Cleanup Wikipedia:Template messages/Sources of articles

TemplateData This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools; see the monthly error report for this template. TemplateData for Primary sources Use this template to _tag_ information or analysis that you believe is improperly or unnecessarily supported by a primary source, so that other editors can see whether this use is appropriate and/or replace it with a citation to a stronger, secondary source. Primary sources may be used on Wikipedia, but they need to be handled with care. Template parameters This template has custom formatting. Parameter Description Type Status Focus 1 Indicate if the focus is a particular section; not including this parameter implies the entire article Default empty Example empty Auto value empty String optional Month and year date Month and year when template was applied; if left blank, this will be filled by a bot Default empty Example empty Auto value {{subst:CURRENTMONTHNAME}} {{subst:CURRENTYEAR}} String suggested v t e Citation and verifiability article maintenance templates Sourcing {{Better source}} {{Category unsourced}} {{Uncited category}} {{Circular}} {{Excessive citations}} {{Further reading cleanup}} {{More citations needed}} {{More footnotes}} {{No footnotes}} {{One source}} {{One source section}} {{NRIS-only}} {{Partisan sources}} {{Primary sources}} {{Refimprove section}} {{Refexample}} {{Religious text primary}} {{Self-published}} {{Third-party}} {{Unreferenced}} {{Unreferenced section}} {{Unreliable sources}} BLP specific {{BLP unsourced}} {{BLP unsourced section}} {{BLP primary sources}} {{BLP self-published}} {{BLP sources}} {{BLP sources section}} {{BLP IMDb-only refimprove}} {{BLP IMDb refimprove}} {{BLP no footnotes}} {{BLP more footnotes}} Topic specific {{Media IMDb refimprove}} {{Local}} {{Medref}} {{Neologism}} {{Refimprove science}} {{Science review}} {{Unreferenced-law}} {{Unreferenced-law section}} {{Unreferenced-medical section}} Dispute related {{Cite check}} {{Disputed}} {{Dispute about}} {{Disputed section}} {{Original research}} {{Original research section}} {{Speculation}} {{Speculation section}} {{Synthesis}} {{Verifiability}} {{Verify sources}} Citation improvements {{Bad linked references}} {{Citation style}} {{Citations broken}} {{Cleanup bare URLs}} {{Format footnotes}} {{Ibid}} {{Page numbers improve}} {{Page numbers needed}} {{Time references needed}} {{Unlinked references}} General advice Citing sources Identifying reliable sources Maintenance template removal Citation needed Find sources Combining sources Referencing styles The above documentation is transcluded from Template:Primary sources/doc. (edit | history) Editors can experiment in this template's sandbox (edit | diff) and testcases (edit) pages. Please add categories to the /doc subpage. Subpages of this template. Retrieved from "" Categories: Article message templatesTemplates used by TwinkleTemplateData documentationCitation and verifiability maintenance templatesHidden categories: Wikipedia template-protected templates

Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces TemplateTalk Variants Views ReadView sourceView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata item Print/export Download as PDF Languages العربيةঅসমীয়াবাংলাभोजपुरीCatalàΕλληνικάفارسیFrançais한국어Հայերենहिन्दीBahasa IndonesiaLietuviųമലയാളംBahasa Melayuनेपालीनेपाल भाषा日本語Norskଓଡ଼ିଆPortuguêsRomânăРусскийසිංහලSimple EnglishSlovenščinaSuomiதமிழ்УкраїнськаاردوTiếng Việt中文 Edit links This page was last edited on 6 June 2017, at 08:44. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.224","walltime":"0.280","ppvisitednodes":{"value":9374,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":120642,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":7506,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":14,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":6,"limit":500},"entityaccesscount":{"value":0,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 231.843 1 -total"," 88.85% 206.003 1 Template:Documentation"," 73.53% 170.473 1 Template:Primary_sources/doc"," 58.66% 135.998 1 Template:Citation_and_verifiability_article_maintenance_templates"," 57.58% 133.496 1 Template:Navbox"," 49.91% 115.719 62 Template:Tlg"," 12.08% 28.003 2 Template:Ambox"," 2.96% 6.861 1 Template:TemplateDataHeader"," 2.16% 5.017 2 Template:Tlx"," 2.05% 4.755 1 Template:BLP_primary_sources"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.044","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":1883254,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1250","timestamp":"20180218171002","ttl":86400,"transientcontent":true}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":68,"wgHostname":"mw1268"});});

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This High-risk Template Is Permanently Template-protected To Prevent VandalismWikipedia:VerifiabilityWikipedia:No Original ResearchWikipedia:No Original ResearchHelp:Maintenance Template RemovalTemplate:Primary Sources/docBackward CompatibilityWikipedia:TwinkleWikipedia Talk:TwinkleCategory:Articles Lacking Reliable ReferencesWikipedia:Identifying And Using Primary And Secondary SourcesWikipedia:Secondary Does Not Mean IndependentWikipedia:Independent SourcesTemplate:Third-partyCategory:Articles Lacking Reliable ReferencesWikipedia:BOTTemplate:BLP Primary SourcesWikipedia:BLPCategory:BLP Articles Lacking SourcesWikipedia:BLPSPSWikipedia:VerifiabilityWikipedia:Biographies Of Living PersonsWikipedia:No Original ResearchWikipedia:LibelHelp:Maintenance Template RemovalTemplate:PrimaryTemplate:Primary SourceTemplate:Primary SourcesTemplate:PrimarysourceTemplate:PrimarysourcesTemplate:PrimarySourcesTemplate:BLP Primary SourcesTemplate:Primary Source InlineWikipedia:Party And PersonWikipedia:Independent SourcesTemplate:Third-party InlineWikipedia:Identifying And Using Primary And Secondary SourcesWikipedia:Secondary Does Not Mean IndependentWikipedia:Template Messages/CleanupWikipedia:Template Messages/Sources Of ArticlesWikipedia:TemplateDataWikipedia:VisualEditorTemplate:Citation And Verifiability Article Maintenance TemplatesTemplate:Better SourceTemplate:Category UnsourcedTemplate:Uncited CategoryTemplate:CircularTemplate:Excessive CitationsTemplate:Further Reading CleanupTemplate:More Citations NeededTemplate:More FootnotesTemplate:No FootnotesTemplate:One SourceTemplate:One Source SectionTemplate:NRIS-onlyTemplate:Partisan SourcesTemplate:Refimprove SectionTemplate:RefexampleTemplate:Religious Text PrimaryTemplate:Self-publishedTemplate:Third-partyTemplate:UnreferencedTemplate:Unreferenced SectionTemplate:Unreliable SourcesTemplate:BLP UnsourcedTemplate:BLP Unsourced SectionTemplate:BLP Primary SourcesTemplate:BLP Self-publishedTemplate:BLP SourcesTemplate:BLP Sources SectionTemplate:BLP IMDb-only RefimproveTemplate:BLP IMDb RefimproveTemplate:BLP No FootnotesTemplate:BLP More FootnotesTemplate:Media IMDb RefimproveTemplate:LocalTemplate:MedrefTemplate:NeologismTemplate:Refimprove ScienceTemplate:Science ReviewTemplate:Unreferenced-lawTemplate:Unreferenced-law SectionTemplate:Unreferenced-medical SectionTemplate:Cite CheckTemplate:DisputedTemplate:Dispute AboutTemplate:Disputed SectionTemplate:Original ResearchTemplate:Original Research SectionTemplate:SpeculationTemplate:Speculation SectionTemplate:SynthesisTemplate:VerifiabilityTemplate:Verify SourcesTemplate:Bad Linked ReferencesTemplate:Citation StyleTemplate:Citations BrokenTemplate:Cleanup Bare URLsTemplate:Format FootnotesTemplate:IbidTemplate:Page Numbers ImproveTemplate:Page Numbers NeededTemplate:Time References NeededTemplate:Unlinked ReferencesWikipedia:Citing SourcesWikipedia:Identifying Reliable SourcesHelp:Maintenance Template RemovalWikipedia:Citation NeededHelp:Find SourcesWikipedia:Combining SourcesHelp:Overview Of Referencing StylesWikipedia:Template DocumentationWikipedia:TransclusionTemplate:Primary Sources/docTemplate:Primary Sources/sandboxTemplate:Primary Sources/testcasesTemplate:Primary Sources/docSpecial:PrefixIndex/Template:Primary Sources/Help:CategoryCategory:Article Message TemplatesCategory:Templates Used By TwinkleCategory:TemplateData DocumentationCategory:Citation And Verifiability Maintenance TemplatesCategory:Wikipedia Template-protected TemplatesDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Template [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]This Page Is Protected. You Can View Its Source [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer