Contents 1 Plot 2 Cast 3 Production 4 Music 5 Controversies 5.1 John Hinckley Jr. 6 Themes and interpretations 7 Reception 7.1 Box office 7.2 Critical response 7.3 Accolades 8 Legacy 8.1 "You talkin' to me?" 9 Home media 10 Sequel and remake 11 References 12 Bibliography 13 External links

Plot[edit] Travis Bickle, a 26-year-old honorably discharged U.S. Marine, is a lonely, depressed young man living on his own in New York City. He takes a job as a taxi driver to cope with his chronic insomnia, driving passengers every night around the city's boroughs. He also spends time in porn theaters and keeps a diary in which he consciously attempts to include aphorisms, such as "You're only as healthy as you feel." Travis becomes infatuated with Betsy, a campaign volunteer for Senator and presidential candidate Charles Palantine. After watching her interact with fellow worker Tom through her window, Travis enters to volunteer, as a pretext to talk to her, and takes her out for coffee. On a later date, he takes her to see a pornographic film, which offends her, and she goes home alone. His attempts at reconciliation by sending flowers are rebuffed, so he berates her at the campaign office, before being kicked out by Tom. Travis confides in fellow taxi driver Wizard about his thoughts, which are beginning to turn violent; however, Wizard assures him that he will be fine, leaving Travis to his own destructive path. Travis is disgusted by the sleaze, dysfunction, and prostitution that he witnesses throughout the city, and attempts to find an outlet for his frustrations by beginning a program of intense physical training. A fellow taxi driver refers Travis to an illegal gun dealer, Easy Andy, from whom Travis buys a number of handguns. At home, Travis practices drawing his weapons and constructs a sleeve gun to hide and then quickly deploy a gun from his sleeve. One night, Travis enters a convenience store moments before an attempted armed robbery, and he fatally shoots the robber. The shop owner takes credit for the deed, taking Travis' handgun. Earlier, an adolescent prostitute and runaway, Iris, had entered Travis' cab, attempting to escape her pimp, Matthew "Sport" Higgins. Sport dragged Iris from the cab and threw Travis a crumpled $20 bill, which continually reminds Travis of her and the corruption that surrounds him. Sometime later, Travis hires Iris, but instead of having sex with her, attempts to dissuade her from continuing in prostitution. He fails to completely turn her from her course, but she does agree to meet with him for breakfast the next day. Travis leaves a letter to Iris at his apartment saying he will soon be dead, and money for her to return home. After shaving his head into a mohawk, Travis attends a public rally where he plans to assassinate Senator Palantine, but Secret Service agents notice him with his hand in his coat and chase him off. Travis flees and later goes to the East Village to invade Sport's brothel. A violent gunfight ensues, and Travis kills Sport, a bouncer, and a mafioso. Travis is severely injured with multiple gunshot wounds. Iris witnesses the fight and, hysterical with fear, pleads with Travis to stop the killing. After the gunfight, Travis attempts suicide, but has run out of ammunition and resigns himself to lying on a sofa until police arrive. When they do, he places his index finger against his temple pantomiming the act of shooting himself. Having recovered from his wounds and returned to work, Travis finds himself praised by favorable press reports for shooting the bad guys. He receives a letter from Iris' father thanking him for saving her life and revealing that she has returned home to Pittsburgh, where she is going to school. Later, Travis reconciles with Betsy when dropping her off at her home in his cab. As she tries to pay her fare, Travis simply smiles at her, turns off the meter, and drives off.

Cast[edit] Robert De Niro as Travis Bickle Jodie Foster as Iris Harvey Keitel as Sport Cybill Shepherd as Betsy Albert Brooks as Tom Leonard Harris as Charles Palantine Peter Boyle as Wizard Steven Prince as Andy, Gun Salesman

Production[edit] According to Scorsese, it was Brian De Palma who introduced him to Schrader. In Scorsese on Scorsese, the director talks about how much of the film arose from his feeling that movies are like dreams or drug-induced reveries. He admits attempting to incubate within the viewer the feeling of being in a limbo state somewhere between sleeping and waking. He calls Travis an "avenging angel" floating through the streets of a New York City intended to represent all cities everywhere. Scorsese calls attention to improvisation in the film, such as in the scene between De Niro and Cybill Shepherd in the coffee shop. The director also cites Alfred Hitchcock's The Wrong Man and Jack Hazan's A Bigger Splash as inspirations for his camerawork in the movie.[10] In Scorsese on Scorsese, the director mentions the religious symbolism in the story, comparing Bickle to a saint who wants to cleanse or purge both his mind and his body of weakness. Bickle attempts to kill himself near the end of the movie as a tribute to the samurai's "death with honour" principle.[10] When Travis meets Betsy to join him for coffee and pie, she is reminded of a line in Kris Kristofferson's song "The Pilgrim, Chapter 33": "He's a prophet and a pusher, partly truth, partly fiction—a walking contradiction." On their date, Bickle takes her to see a Swedish "sex education" film, which is in fact the American sexploitation film Sexual Freedom in Denmark with added Swedish sound.[11] Shot during a New York City summer heat wave and sanitation strike in 1975, Taxi Driver came into conflict with the MPAA for its violence (Scorsese de-saturated the color in the final shoot-out, and the film got an R rating). To achieve the atmospheric scenes in Bickle's cab, the sound men would get in the trunk and Scorsese and his cinematographer, Michael Chapman, would ensconce themselves on the back seat floor and use available light to shoot. Chapman admitted the filming style was greatly influenced by Nouvelle Vague filmmaker Jean-Luc Godard and his cinematographer Raoul Coutard due to the fact the crew didn't have the time nor the money to do "traditional things."[12] In writing the script, Schrader was inspired by the diaries of Arthur Bremer (who shot presidential candidate George Wallace in 1972)[13] and Fyodor Dostoyevsky's Notes from Underground. The writer also used himself as inspiration; in a 1981 interview with Tom Snyder on the "Tomorrow" show, Schrader related his experience living in New York City while battling chronic insomnia, which led him to frequent pornographic bookstores and theaters because they remained open all night. Following a divorce and a breakup with a live-in girlfriend, he spent a few weeks living in his car. He wrote the script in under a month while staying in his former girlfriend's apartment while she was away.[citation needed] Schrader decided to make Bickle a Vietnam vet because the national trauma of the war seemed to blend perfectly with Bickle's paranoid psychosis, making his experiences after the war more intense and threatening. Thus, Bickle chooses to drive his taxi anywhere in the city as a way to feed his hate.[14] While preparing for his role as Bickle, De Niro was filming Bernardo Bertolucci's 1900 in Italy. According to Boyle, he would "finish shooting on a Friday in Rome ... get on a plane ... [and] fly to New York." De Niro obtained a cab driver's license, and when on break would pick up a cab and drive around New York for a couple of weeks, before returning to Rome to resume filming 1900. De Niro apparently lost 35 pounds and listened repeatedly to a taped reading of the diaries of Arthur Bremer. When he had time off from shooting 1900, De Niro visited an army base in Northern Italy and tape-recorded soldiers from the Midwestern United States, whose accents he thought might be appropriate for Travis's character.[citation needed] When Bickle decides to assassinate Senator Palantine, he cuts his hair into a Mohawk. This detail was suggested by actor Victor Magnotta, a friend of Scorsese's who had a small role as a Secret Service agent and who had served in Vietnam. Scorsese later noted: "Magnotta had talked about certain types of soldiers going into the jungle. They cut their hair in a certain way; looked like a Mohawk ... and you knew that was a special situation, a commando kind of situation, and people gave them wide berths ... we thought it was a good idea."[citation needed] The Terminal Bar was featured in a scene in the film.[15] Taking place in an actual apartment, the tracking shot over the murder scene at the end took three months of preparation just because the production team had to cut through the ceiling in order to get it right.[16] Scorsese brought in the film title designer Dan Perri to design the title sequence for Taxi Driver. Perri had been Scorsese's original choice to design the titles for Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore in 1974, but Warner Bros would not allow him to hire an unknown designer. By the time Taxi Driver was going into production, Perri had established his reputation with his work on The Exorcist, and Scorsese was now able to hire him. Perri created the opening titles for Taxi Driver using second unit footage which he colour-treated through a process of film copying and slit-scan, resulting in a highly stylised graphic sequence that evoked the "underbelly" of New York City through lurid colours, glowing neon signs distorted nocturnal images and deep black levels. Perri went on to design opening titles for a number of major films after this including Star Wars (1977) and Raging Bull (1980).[17][18]

Music[edit] The music by Bernard Herrmann was his final score before his death on December 24, 1975, and the film is dedicated to his memory. Robert Barnett of MusicWeb International has said that it contrasts deep, sleazy noises, representing the "scum" that Travis sees all over the city, with the saxophone, a musical counterpart to Travis, creating a mellifluously disenchanted troubadour. Barnett also observes that the opposing noises in the soundtrack—gritty little harp figures, hard as shards of steel, as well as a jazz drum kit placing the drama in the city—are indicative of loneliness in the midst of mobs of people. Deep brass and woodwinds are also evident. Barnett heard in the drumbeat a wild-eyed martial air charting the pressure on Bickle, who is increasingly oppressed by the corruption around him, and that the harp, drum, and saxophone play significant roles in the music.[19] Jackson Browne's "Late for the Sky" is also featured in the film, appearing in a scene where couples are dancing on the program American Bandstand as Travis watches on his television.[20] Taxi Driver: Original Soundtrack Recording Soundtrack album by Bernard Herrmann Released May 19, 1998 Recorded December 22 and 23, 1975[21] Genre Soundtracks Length 61:33 Label Arista Producer Michael Phillips, Neely Plumb Professional ratings Review scores Source Rating AllMusic [22] The soundtrack for the film, re-released in 1998 on CD, includes an expanded version of the score as well as the tracks from the original 1976 LP. It also features album notes by director Martin Scorsese, as well as full documentation for the tracks, linking them in great detail to individual takes. Track 12, "Diary of a Taxi Driver", features Herrmann's music with De Niro's voice-over taken directly from the soundtrack.[citation needed] Some of the tracks feature relatively long titles, representative of the fact that similar reprises are heard in many scenes.[citation needed] Only the A-side of the 1976 soundtrack LP featured the Herrmann score. The B-side (tracks 14 through 18 on the CD) was dedicated to jazz "interpretations" of the score, arranged and conducted by Dave Blume. None of these recordings appeared in the film.[citation needed] Taxi Driver: Original Soundtrack Recording No. Title Length 1. "Main Title" 2:15 2. "Thank God for the Rain" 1:58 3. "Cleaning the Cab" 1:05 4. "I Still Can't Sleep/They Cannot Touch Her" (Betsy's Theme) 4:51 5. "Phone Call/I Realise How Much She Is Like the Others/A Strange Customer/Watching Palantine on TV/You're Gonna Die in Hell/Betsy's Theme/Hitting the Girl" 6:10 6. "The .44 Magnum is a Monster" 5:20 7. "Getting Into Shape/Listen You Screwheads/Gun Play/Dear Father & Mother/The Card/Soap Opera" 5:25 8. "Sport and Iris" 2:18 9. "The $20 Bill/Target Practice" 2:33 10. "Assassination Attempt/After the Carnage" 5:04 11. "A Reluctant Hero/Betsy/End Credits" 4:40 12. "Diary of a Taxi Driver" (Album Version) 4:28 13. "God's Lonely Man" (Album Version – with Alternative Ending) 2:00 14. "Theme from Taxi Driver" 4:02 15. "I Work the Whole City" 2:24 16. "Betsy in a White Dress" 2:13 17. "The Days Do Not End" 4:05 18. "Theme from Taxi Driver" (Reprise) 2:25 Total length: 61:33

Controversies[edit] The climactic shoot-out was considered intensely graphic by a few critics at the film's premiere.[23] To attain an "R" rating, Scorsese had the colors de-saturated, making the brightly colored blood less prominent.[24] In later interviews, Scorsese commented that he was actually pleased by the color change and considered it an improvement over the originally filmed scene, which is now lost. In the special-edition DVD, Michael Chapman, the film's cinematographer, regrets the decision and the fact that no print with the unmuted colors exists anymore, as the originals had long since deteriorated. Some critics showed concern over 12-year-old Foster's presence during the climactic shoot-out. Foster said that she was present during the setup and staging of the special effects used during the scene; the entire process was explained and demonstrated for her, step by step. Moreover, Foster said, she was fascinated and entertained by the behind-the-scenes preparation that went into the scene. In addition, before being given the part, Foster was subjected to psychological testing to ensure that she would not be emotionally scarred by her role, in accordance with California Labor Board requirements.[25] Copies of the film distributed for TV broadcast had an unexplained disclaimer added during the closing credits:[26][27] To our Television Audience: In the aftermath of violence, the distinction between hero and villain is sometimes a matter of interpretation or misinterpretation of facts. "Taxi Driver" suggests that tragic errors can be made. The Filmmakers. John Hinckley Jr.[edit] Taxi Driver formed part of the delusional fantasy of John Hinckley Jr.[28][29] that triggered his attempted assassination of President Ronald Reagan in 1981, an act for which he was found not guilty by reason of insanity.[30][31] Hinckley stated that his actions were an attempt to impress actress Jodie Foster, on whom Hinckley was fixated, by mimicking Travis's mohawked appearance at the Palantine rally. His attorney concluded his defense by playing the movie for the jury.[citation needed]

Themes and interpretations[edit] Sabine Haenni, a professor at Cornell University, commented on the film: "While Taxi Driver chronicles Travis's excessive response to the perceived decline of the city, perhaps more fundamentally, the decline of the city seems to engender the decline of the male hero—Travis's inability to function in individual, collective, and heteronormative terms."[32] Roger Ebert has written of the film's ending: "There has been much discussion about the ending, in which we see newspaper clippings about Travis's "heroism" of saving Iris, and then Betsy gets into his cab and seems to give him admiration instead of her earlier disgust. Is this a fantasy scene? Did Travis survive the shoot-out? Are we experiencing his dying thoughts? Can the sequence be accepted as literally true? ... I am not sure there can be an answer to these questions. The end sequence plays like music, not drama: It completes the story on an emotional, not a literal, level. We end not on carnage but on redemption, which is the goal of so many of Scorsese's characters."[33] James Berardinelli, in his review of the film, argues against the dream or fantasy interpretation, stating: Scorsese and writer Paul Schrader append the perfect conclusion to Taxi Driver. Steeped in irony, the five-minute epilogue underscores the vagaries of fate. The media builds Bickle into a hero, when, had he been a little quicker drawing his gun against Senator Palantine, he would have been reviled as an assassin. As the film closes, the misanthrope has been embraced as the model citizen—someone who takes on pimps, drug dealers, and mobsters to save one little girl.[34] On the Laserdisc audio commentary, Scorsese acknowledged several critics' interpretation of the film's ending as being Bickle's dying dream. He admits that the last scene of Bickle glancing at an unseen object implies that Bickle might fall into rage and recklessness in the future, and he is like "a ticking time bomb".[35] Writer Paul Schrader confirms this in his commentary on the 30th-anniversary DVD, stating that Travis "is not cured by the movie's end", and that "he's not going to be a hero next time."[36] When asked on the website Reddit about the film's ending, Schrader said that it was not to be taken as a dream sequence, but that he envisioned it as returning to the beginning of the film—as if the last frame "could be spliced to the first frame, and the movie started all over again."[37] The film has also been connected with the 1970s wave of vigilante films and has been noted as a more respectable New Hollywood counterpart to the numerous exploitation vigilante films of the decade.[38] However, despite similarities between Taxi Driver and the vigilante films of the 1970s, the film has also been explicitly distinguished as not being a vigilante film or not belonging to the 1970s vigilante film wave.[39] Some critics have described the film as "neo-noir".[4][5][6] It has also been referred to as an antihero film.[40][41]

Reception[edit] Box office[edit] Filmed on a budget of $1.9 million, Taxi Driver was a financial success, grossing $28,262,574 in the United States,[42] making it the 17th-highest-grossing film of 1976. Critical response[edit] Roger Ebert instantly praised it as one of the greatest films he had ever seen, claiming: Taxi Driver is a hell, from the opening shot of a cab emerging from stygian clouds of steam to the climactic killing scene in which the camera finally looks straight down. Scorsese wanted to look away from Travis's rejection; we almost want to look away from his life. But he's there, all right, and he's suffering.[43] It was nominated for four Academy Awards, including Best Picture and Best Actor (De Niro), and received the Palme d'Or at the 1976 Cannes Film Festival.[44] It has been selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry.[45] The film was chosen by Time as one of the 100 best films of all time.[46] Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a score of 98% based on reviews from 80 critics with an average rating of 9/10; the site's consensus states: "A must-see film for movie lovers, this Martin Scorsese masterpiece is as hard-hitting as it is compelling, with Robert De Niro at his best."[47] Metacritic gives the film a score of 93 out of 100, based on reviews from 8 critics, indicating "universal acclaim."[48] The July/August 2009 issue of Film Comment polled several critics on the best films to win the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival. Taxi Driver placed first, above films such as Il Gattopardo, Viridiana, Blowup, The Conversation, Apocalypse Now, La Dolce Vita, and Pulp Fiction.[49] Taxi Driver was ranked by the American Film Institute as the 52nd-greatest American film on its AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) list, and Bickle was voted the 30th greatest villain in a poll by the same organization. Empire also ranked him 18th in its "The 100 Greatest Movie Characters" poll,[50] and the film ranks #17 on the magazine's 2008 list of the 500 greatest movies of all time.[51] Time Out magazine conducted a poll of the 100 greatest movies set in New York City. Taxi Driver topped the list placing at No. 1.[52] Schrader's screenplay for the film was ranked the 43rd greatest ever written by the Writers Guild of America.[53] Accolades[edit] Award Category Nominee Result Cannes Film Festival[44] Palme d'Or Martin Scorsese Won Hochi Film Award Best Foreign Film Won LAFCA Award[54] Best Actor Robert De Niro Won Best Music Bernard Herrmann Won New Generation Award Jodie Foster Martin Scorsese Won Academy Award[55] Best Actor in a Leading Role Robert De Niro Nominated Best Actress in a Supporting Role Jodie Foster Nominated Best Music, Original Score Bernard Herrmann (posthumous nomination) Nominated Best Picture Michael Phillips and Julia Phillips Nominated BAFTA Award[56] Anthony Asquith Award for Film Music Bernard Herrmann Won Best Supporting Actress Jodie Foster Won Most Promising Newcomer to Leading Film Roles Won Best Actor Robert De Niro Nominated Best Direction Martin Scorsese Nominated Best Film Nominated Best Film Editing Marcia Lucas Tom Rolf Melvin Shapiro Nominated Blue Ribbon Award Best Foreign Film Martin Scorsese Won David di Donatello Award Special David Jodie Foster Won Martin Scorsese Won DGA Award Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures Nominated Golden Globe Award[57] Best Motion Picture Actor – Drama Robert De Niro Nominated Best Screenplay – Motion Picture Paul Schrader Nominated Grammy Award Best Album of Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or Television Special Bernard Herrmann Nominated Kinema Junpo Award Best Foreign Language Film Director Martin Scorsese Won NSFC Award Best Actor Robert De Niro Won Best Director Martin Scorsese Won Best Supporting Actress Jodie Foster Won Best Film Nominated Best Supporting Actor Harvey Keitel Nominated NYFCC Award Best Actor Robert De Niro Won Best Director Martin Scorsese Nominated Best Supporting Actor Harvey Keitel Nominated Best Supporting Actress Jodie Foster Nominated WGA Award Best Drama Written Directly for the Screen Paul Schrader Nominated

Legacy[edit] Taxi Driver, American Gigolo, Light Sleeper, and The Walker make up a series referred to variously as the "Man in a Room" or "Night Worker" films. Screenwriter Paul Schrader (who directed the latter three films) has said that he considers the central characters of the four films to be one character, who has changed as he has aged.[58][59] The film also influenced the Charles Winkler film You Talkin' to Me?[60] In the 2012 film Seven Psychopaths, psychotic Los Angeles actor Billy Bickle (Sam Rockwell) believes himself to be the illegitimate son of Travis Bickle.[61] The vigilante ending inspired Jacques Audiard for his 2015 Palme d'Or-winning film Dheepan. The French director based the eponymous Tamil Tiger character on the one played by Robert De Niro in order to make him a "real movie hero".[62] "You talkin' to me?"[edit] "You Talkin' to Me?" redirects here. For the comedy, see You Talkin' to Me? (film). De Niro's "You talkin' to me?" has become a pop culture mainstay. In 2005, it was ranked number 10 on the American Film Institute's AFI's 100 Years... 100 Movie Quotes.[63] In the corresponding scene, Bickle is looking into a mirror at himself, imagining a confrontation that would give him a chance to draw his gun: You talkin' to me? You talkin' to me? You talkin' to me? Then who the hell else are you talkin' to? You talkin' to me? Well I'm the only one here. Who the fuck do you think you're talking to? Roger Ebert called it "the truest line in the film.... Travis Bickle's desperate need to make some kind of contact somehow—to share or mimic the effortless social interaction he sees all around him, but does not participate in."[64] Schrader does not take credit for the line, saying that his script only read "Travis speaks to himself in the mirror", and that De Niro improvised the dialogue. However, Schrader went on to say that De Niro's performance was inspired by a routine by "an underground New York comedian" who he had once seen, possibly including his signature line.[65] Scorsese said that he drew inspiration from John Huston's 1967 movie Reflections in a Golden Eye in a scene which Marlon Brando character is facing the mirror.[citation needed] In his 2009 memoir, saxophonist Clarence Clemons said that De Niro explained the line's origins when Clemons coached De Niro to play the saxophone for the 1977 film New York, New York.[66] Clemons said that De Niro had seen Bruce Springsteen say the line onstage at a concert as fans were screaming his name, and decided to make the line his own.[67]

Home media[edit] The first Collector's Edition DVD, released in 1999, was packaged as a single-disc edition release. It contained special features, such as behind-the-scenes and several trailers, including one for Taxi Driver. In 2006, a 30th-anniversary 2-disc Collector's Edition DVD was released. The first disc contains the film itself, two audio commentaries (one by writer Schrader and the other by Professor Robert Kolker), and trailers. This edition also retains some of the special features from the earlier release on the second disc, as well as some newly produced documentary material.[citation needed] A Blu-ray was released on April 5, 2011 to commemorate the film's 35th anniversary. It includes the special features from the previous 2-disc collector's edition, plus an audio commentary by Scorsese released in 1991 for the Criterion Collection, previously released on Laserdisc.[citation needed] As part of the Blu-ray production, Sony gave the film a full 4K digital restoration, which included scanning and cleaning the original negative (removing emulsion dirt and scratches). Colors were matched to director-approved prints under guidance from Scorsese and director of photography Michael Chapman. An all-new lossless DTS-HD Master Audio 5.1 soundtrack was also made from the original stereo recordings by Scorsese's personal sound team.[68][69] The restored print premiered in February 2011 at the Berlin Film Festival, and to promote the Blu-ray, Sony also had the print screened at AMC Theatres across the United States on March 19 and 22.[citation needed] A novelisation of the screenplay was written by Richard Elman[70].

Sequel and remake[edit] In late January 2005, a sequel was announced by De Niro and Scorsese.[71] At a 25th-anniversary screening of Raging Bull, De Niro talked about the story of an older Travis Bickle being in development. Also in 2000, De Niro mentioned interest in bringing back the character in conversation with Actors Studio host James Lipton.[72] In November 2013, he revealed that Schrader had done a first draft but both he and Scorsese thought that it was not good enough to go beyond.[73] In 2010, Variety reported rumors that Lars von Trier, Scorsese, and De Niro planned to work on a remake of the film with the same restrictions that were used in The Five Obstructions.[74] In 2014, Paul Schrader said that it was not being made. He said, "It was a terrible idea" and "in Marty's mind, it never was something that should be done."[75] In December 2011, Scorsese was interviewed about combining his passion for 3D as a new medium with the legacy of older films, and said, "If I could go back in time, I'd shoot Taxi Driver in 3D. Robert De Niro in the mirror as Travis Bickle. Imagine how intimidating. 'You talking to me? You talking to me?' Amazing possibilities."[76][77]

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Los Angeles Times.  ^ Novak, Glenn D. (November 1987). "Social Ills and the One-Man Solution: Depictions of Evil in the Vigilante Film" (PDF). International Conference on the Expressions of Evil in Literature and the Visual Arts.  ^ Bouzereau, Laurent (Writer, Director, and Producer) (1999). Making Taxi Driver (Television production). United States: Columbia TriStar Home Video. 102 minutes in. The best movies that I know of are the seventies', precisely because I think people were really ... interested by the antihero, which has pretty much gone away now. ... I do think that it would be a movie that it would be very difficult to finance nowadays.  ^ "De Niro takes anti-hero honours". BBC News. August 16, 2004. Retrieved 2017-11-13.  ^ Taxi Driver, Box Office Mojo Internet Movie Database. Retrieved March 31, 2007 ^ "Taxi Driver". Chicago Sun-Times.  ^ a b "Taxi Driver". Festival de Cannes. Retrieved February 1, 2017.  ^ Films Selected to The National Film Registry, Library of Congress, 1989–2005. Retrieved March 10, 2007. ^ Schickel, Richard (January 23, 2012). "The Complete List – ALL-TIME 100 Movies". Time. Retrieved April 4, 2012.  ^ Taxi Driver, Rotten Tomatoes Flixster. Retrieved October 4, 2008 ^ Taxi Driver, Metacritic Flixster. Retrieved March 20, 2016 ^ "List of best films to win Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival". Film Society for Lincoln Center. Archived from the original on October 3, 2009. Retrieved February 24, 2010.  ^ "The 100 Greatest Movie Characters". Empire. Retrieved December 2, 2008.  ^ "The 500 Greatest Movies Of All Time". Empire. October 3, 2008.  ^ "The 101 best New York movies of all time". Time Out. June 17, 2016.  ^ "101 Greatest Screenplays". Writers Guild of America. Retrieved March 6, 2017.  ^ "2nd Annual Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards". LAFCA. Retrieved February 1, 2017.  ^ "The 49th Academy Awards (1977) Nominees and Winners". Retrieved February 1, 2017.  ^ "Film in 1977". BAFTA. Retrieved February 1, 2017.  ^ "Taxi Driver". Golden Globes. Retrieved February 1, 2017.  ^ Interview with [[Paul Schrader, BBC Radio 4's Film Programme, August 10, 2007] ^ "Filmmaker Magazine, Fall 1992". Retrieved April 4, 2012.  ^ James, Caryn (November 1, 2010). "New York Times film overview". The New York Times. Retrieved April 4, 2012.  ^ Shone, Tom (December 3, 2012). "Sam Rockwell: Hollywood's odd man out". Retrieved August 3, 2014.  ^ Trio, Lieven. "Jacques Audiard dévoile 'Dheepan', sa palme d'or". Metro. Retrieved August 29, 2015.  ^ "Frankly, My Dear, I Don't Give A Damn", AFI's 100 Years... 100 Movie Quotes, American Film Institute. ^ Ebert, Roger. "Taxi Driver". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved October 18, 2016.  ^ "'There was a sense of exhilaration about what we had done'", excerpt from Schrader on Schrader, in The Guardian, September 1, 2004. ^ Rush and Molloy (May 31, 2009). Side Dish: Pasties special order for Britney. New York Daily News ^ Clemons, Clarence (2009). Big Man: Real Life & Tall Tales. Grand Central Publishing. ISBN 978-0-446-54626-3. ^ "Home Cinema @ The Digital Fix – Taxi Driver 35th AE (US BD) in April". Retrieved July 23, 2011.  ^ "From Berlin: 4K 'Taxi Driver' World Premiere". MSN. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011.  ^ ^ Brooks, Xan (February 5, 2005). "Scorsese and De Niro plan Taxi Driver sequel". The Guardian. London. Retrieved February 24, 2010.  ^ Saravia, Jerry. "Taxi Driver 2: Bringing Out Travis". faustus. Archived from the original on October 27, 2009. Retrieved February 24, 2010.  ^ Brooks, Xan (November 14, 2013). "Robert De Niro: 'I'd like to see where Travis Bickle is today'". The Guardian. London. Retrieved December 28, 2014.  ^ Steve Barton (16 February 2010). "Lars von Trier, Robert De Niro, and Martin Scorsese Collaborating on New Taxi Driver". Dread Central. Retrieved 24 February 2010.  ^ Dan Selcke (19 February 2014). "Taxi Driver will not be remade by Lars Von Trier, if anyone was worried". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 8 July 2016.  ^ "". January 27, 2012. Retrieved April 4, 2012.  ^ "2011 in Review: Sting, Martin Scorsese, Bill Maher and Dozens More Look Back". Rolling Stone. December 27, 2011. Retrieved June 26, 2013.  ^ Neo-noir[4][5][6] Psychological thriller[4][7][8][9]


External links[edit] Wikiquote has quotations related to: Taxi Driver Wikimedia Commons has media related to Taxi Driver. Taxi Driver on IMDb Taxi Driver at the TCM Movie Database Taxi Driver at Box Office Mojo Taxi Driver at Rotten Tomatoes Taxi Driver at Metacritic Taxi Driver (1976) movie script Screenplays for You v t e Martin Scorsese filmography Feature films Who's That Knocking at My Door (1967) Boxcar Bertha (1972) Mean Streets (1973) Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore (1974) Taxi Driver (1976) New York, New York (1977) Raging Bull (1980) The King of Comedy (1982) After Hours (1985) The Color of Money (1986) The Last Temptation of Christ (1988) New York Stories (segment "Life Lessons", 1989) Goodfellas (1990) Cape Fear (1991) The Age of Innocence (1993) Casino (1995) Kundun (1997) Bringing Out the Dead (1999) Gangs of New York (2002) The Aviator (2004) The Departed (2006) Shutter Island (2010) Hugo (2011) The Wolf of Wall Street (2013) Silence (2016) The Irishman (2019) Short films What's a Nice Girl Like You Doing in a Place Like This? (1963) It's Not Just You, Murray! (1964) The Big Shave (1967) "Bad" (1987) Made in Milan (1990) The Key to Reserva (2007) The Audition (2015) Television "Boardwalk Empire" (Boardwalk Empire) (2010) Vinyl (2016) Documentaries Street Scenes (1970) Italianamerican (1974) American Boy: A Profile of Steven Prince (1978) The Last Waltz (1978) A Personal Journey with Martin Scorsese Through American Movies (1995) My Voyage to Italy (1999) The Blues: Feel Like Going Home (2003) No Direction Home (2005) Shine a Light (2008) A Letter to Elia (2010) Public Speaking (2010) George Harrison: Living in the Material World (2011) The 50 Year Argument (2014) Related Martin Scorsese and Robert De Niro Martin Scorsese and Leonardo DiCaprio v t e Paul Schrader filmography Writer and director Blue Collar (1978) Hardcore (1979) American Gigolo (1980) Mishima: A Life in Four Chapters (1985) Light of Day (1987) Light Sleeper (1992) Touch (1997) Affliction (1997) Forever Mine (1999) The Walker (2007) Dying of the Light (2014) First Reformed (2017) Writer only The Yakuza (1974) Taxi Driver (1976) Obsession (1976) Rolling Thunder (1977) Old Boyfriends (1979) Raging Bull (1980) The Mosquito Coast (1986) The Last Temptation of Christ (1988) City Hall (1996) Bringing Out the Dead (1999) Director only Cat People (1982) Patty Hearst (1988) The Comfort of Strangers (1990) Witch Hunt (1994) Auto Focus (2002) Dominion: Prequel to the Exorcist (2005) Adam Resurrected (2008) The Canyons (2013) Dog Eat Dog (2016) v t e Palme d'Or winning films Union Pacific (1939) Iris and the Lieutenant (1946) The Lost Weekend (1946) The Red Meadows (1946) Brief Encounter (1946) María Candelaria (1946) Neecha Nagar (1946) The Turning Point (1946) La Symphonie pastorale (1946) The Last Chance (1946) Men Without Wings (1946) Rome, Open City (1946) The Third Man (1949) Miss Julie (1951) Miracle in Milan (1951) The Tragedy of Othello: The Moor of Venice (1951) Two Cents Worth of Hope (1952) The Wages of Fear (1953) Gate of Hell (1954) Marty (1955) The Silent World (1956) Friendly Persuasion (1957) The Cranes Are Flying (1958) Black Orpheus (1959) La Dolce Vita (1960) The Long Absence (1961) Viridiana (1961) O Pagador de Promessas (1962) The Leopard (1963) The Umbrellas of Cherbourg (1964) The Knack ...and How to Get It (1965) A Man and a Woman (1966) The Birds, the Bees and the Italians (1966) Blowup (1967) if.... (1969) MASH (1970) The Go-Between (1971) The Working Class Goes to Heaven (1972) The Mattei Affair (1972) The Hireling (1973) Scarecrow (1973) The Conversation (1974) Chronicle of the Years of Fire (1975) Taxi Driver (1976) Padre Padrone (1977) The Tree of Wooden Clogs (1978) Apocalypse Now (1979) The Tin Drum (1979) All That Jazz (1980) Kagemusha (1980) Man of Iron (1981) Missing (1982) Yol (1982) The Ballad of Narayama (1983) Paris, Texas (1984) When Father Was Away on Business (1985) The Mission (1986) Under the Sun of Satan (1987) Pelle the Conqueror (1988) Sex, Lies, and Videotape (1989) Wild at Heart (1990) Barton Fink (1991) The Best Intentions (1992) Farewell My Concubine (1993) The Piano (1993) Pulp Fiction (1994) Underground (1995) Secrets & Lies (1996) Taste of Cherry (1997) The Eel (1997) Eternity and a Day (1998) Rosetta (1999) Dancer in the Dark (2000) The Son's Room (2001) The Pianist (2002) Elephant (2003) Fahrenheit 9/11 (2004) The Child (2005) The Wind That Shakes the Barley (2006) 4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days (2007) The Class (2008) The White Ribbon (2009) Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives (2010) The Tree of Life (2011) Amour (2012) Blue Is the Warmest Colour (2013) Winter Sleep (2014) Dheepan (2015) I, Daniel Blake (2016) The Square (2017) v t e BFI Sight & Sound Poll 1952 Bicycle Thieves City Lights The Gold Rush Battleship Potemkin Intolerance: Love's Struggle Throughout the Ages Louisiana Story Greed Le Jour Se Lève The Passion of Joan of Arc Brief Encounter The Rules of the Game Le Million 1962 Citizen Kane L'Avventura The Rules of the Game Greed Ugetsu Monogatari Battleship Potemkin Bicycle Thieves Ivan the Terrible La Terra Trema L'Atalante 1972 Citizen Kane The Rules of the Game Battleship Potemkin 8½ L'Avventura Persona The Passion of Joan of Arc The General The Magnificent Ambersons Ugetsu Monogatari Wild Strawberries 1982 Citizen Kane The Rules of the Game Seven Samurai Singin' in the Rain 8½ Battleship Potemkin L'Avventura The Magnificent Ambersons Vertigo The General The Searchers 1992 Critics’ Citizen Kane The Rules of the Game Tokyo Story Vertigo The Searchers L'Atalante The Passion of Joan of Arc Pather Panchali Battleship Potemkin 2001: A Space Odyssey Directors’ Citizen Kane 8½ Raging Bull La Strada L'Atalante The Godfather Modern Times Vertigo The Godfather Part II The Passion of Joan of Arc Rashomon Seven Samurai 2002 Critics’ Citizen Kane Vertigo The Rules of the Game The Godfather The Godfather Part II Tokyo Story 2001: A Space Odyssey Battleship Potemkin Sunrise 8½ Singin' in the Rain Directors’ Citizen Kane The Godfather / The Godfather Part II 8½ Lawrence of Arabia Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb Bicycle Thieves Raging Bull Vertigo Rashomon The Rules of the Game Seven Samurai 2012 Critics’ Vertigo Citizen Kane Tokyo Story The Rules of the Game Sunrise 2001: A Space Odyssey The Searchers Man with a Movie Camera The Passion of Joan of Arc 8½ Directors’ Tokyo Story 2001: A Space Odyssey Citizen Kane 8½ Taxi Driver Apocalypse Now The Godfather Vertigo The Mirror Bicycle Thieves Related The Sight & Sound Top 50 Greatest Films of All Time 2014 Documentaries Man with a Movie Camera Shoah Sans Soleil Night and Fog The Thin Blue Line Chronique d'un été Nanook of the North The Gleaners and I Dont Look Back Grey Gardens Retrieved from "" Categories: 1976 filmsEnglish-language films1970s crime drama films1970s psychological thriller films1998 soundtracksAmerican filmsAmerican crime drama filmsAmerican thriller filmsArista Records soundtracksAttempted assassination of Ronald ReaganBAFTA winners (films)Bernard Herrmann albumsColumbia Pictures filmsFilms about taxicabsFilms scored by Bernard HerrmannFilm soundtracksFilms about child prostitutionFilms directed by Martin ScorseseFilms produced by Julia PhillipsFilms produced by Michael Phillips (producer)Films set in New York CityFilms shot in New York CityNeo-noirPalme d'Or winnersScreenplays by Paul SchraderUnited States National Film Registry filmsVigilante filmsHidden categories: Webarchive template wayback linksUse mdy dates from December 2015Pages using div col without cols and colwidth parametersAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from November 2017Articles with hAudio microformatsMusic infoboxes with deprecated parameters

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Taxi_Driver - Photos and All Basic Informations

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Taxicab DriverTaxi Driver: Oko AshewoA Taxi DriverTaxi Driver (disambiguation)Martin ScorseseJulia PhillipsMichael Phillips (producer)Paul SchraderRobert De NiroJodie FosterAlbert BrooksHarvey KeitelLeonard Harris (actor)Peter BoyleCybill ShepherdBernard HerrmannMichael Chapman (cinematographer)Tom RolfMarcia LucasColumbia PicturesNeo-noirPsychological ThrillerMartin ScorsesePaul SchraderNew York CityVietnam WarRobert De NiroTaxicabChronic InsomniaJodie FosterHarvey KeitelCybill ShepherdPeter BoyleAlbert BrooksAcademy AwardAcademy Award For Best PicturePalme D'Or1976 Cannes Film FestivalList Of Films Considered The BestSight & SoundBFI The Top 50 Greatest Films Of All TimeThe Godfather Part IILibrary Of CongressNational Film RegistryHonorably DischargedUnited States Marine CorpsDepression (mood)New York CityChronic InsomniaNew York City BoroughAdult Movie TheaterAphorismsSleeve GunPimpMohawk HairstyleUnited States Secret ServiceEast Village, ManhattanMade ManPittsburghRobert De NiroJodie FosterHarvey KeitelCybill ShepherdAlbert BrooksLeonard Harris (actor)Peter BoyleSteven PrinceBrian De PalmaAlfred HitchcockThe Wrong ManIconographySamuraiSeppukuKris KristoffersonThe Silver Tongued Devil And IHeat WaveSanitationWork StoppageMPAAMichael Chapman (cinematographer)French New WaveJean-Luc GodardRaoul CoutardArthur BremerGeorge WallaceFyodor DostoyevskyNotes From UndergroundWikipedia:Citation NeededNational TraumaBernardo Bertolucci1900 (film)Northern ItalyMidwestern United StatesWikipedia:Citation NeededMohawk HairstyleUnited States Secret ServiceJungle (terrain)Commando (military)Wikipedia:Citation NeededTerminal Bar (bar)Film Title DesignDan PerriTitle SequenceAlice Doesn't Live Here AnymoreWarner BrosThe Exorcist (film)Second Unit FilmingSlit-scanNeon SignBlack LevelStar Wars (film)Raging BullBernard HerrmannJackson BrowneLate For The SkyAmerican BandstandSoundtrack AlbumMusic GenreRecord LabelArista RecordsRecord ProducerMichael Phillips (producer)AllMusicMartin ScorseseWikipedia:Citation NeededWikipedia:Citation NeededWikipedia:Citation Needed.44 MagnumMPAA Film Rating SystemColor Motion Picture FilmMichael Chapman (cinematographer)Psychological TestingJohn Hinckley Jr.Attempted Assassination Of Ronald ReaganRonald ReaganInsanity DefenseMohawk HairstyleWikipedia:Citation NeededCornell UniversityRoger EbertJames BerardinelliMisanthropyLaserdiscAudio CommentaryFilm CriticismRedditVigilante FilmNew HollywoodExploitation FilmAntihero1976 In FilmRoger EbertAcademy AwardsAcademy Award For Best PictureAcademy Award For Best ActorPalme D'Or1976 Cannes Film FestivalNational Film RegistryTime (magazine)Time's All-TIME 100 MoviesRotten TomatoesMetacriticFilm CommentPalme D'OrCannes Film FestivalThe Leopard (1963 Film)ViridianaBlowupThe ConversationApocalypse NowLa Dolce VitaPulp FictionAmerican Film InstituteCinema Of The United StatesAFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition)AFI's 100 Years... 100 Heroes And VillainsEmpire (magazine)Time Out (magazine)Writers Guild Of AmericaCannes Film FestivalPalme D'OrMartin ScorseseHochi Film AwardLos Angeles Film Critics AssociationLos Angeles Film Critics Association Award For Best ActorRobert De NiroBernard HerrmannJodie FosterAcademy AwardAcademy Award For Best ActorAcademy Award For Best Supporting ActressAcademy Award For Best Original ScoreBernard HerrmannAcademy Award For Best PictureMichael Phillips (producer)Julia PhillipsBritish Academy Film AwardsBAFTA Award For Best Film MusicBAFTA Award For Best Actress In A Supporting RoleBAFTA Film Award For Newcomer To Leading Film RolesBAFTA Award For Best Actor In A Leading RoleBAFTA Award For Best DirectionBAFTA Award For Best FilmBAFTA Award For Best EditingMarcia LucasBlue Ribbon AwardsDavid Di DonatelloDirectors Guild Of America AwardDirectors Guild Of America Award For Outstanding Directing – Feature FilmGolden Globe AwardGolden Globe Award For Best Actor – Motion Picture DramaGolden Globe Award For Best ScreenplayPaul SchraderGrammy AwardGrammy Award For Best Score Soundtrack For Visual MediaKinema JunpoNational Society Of Film CriticsNational Society Of Film Critics Award For Best ActorNational Society Of Film Critics Award For Best DirectorNational Society Of Film Critics Award For Best Supporting ActressHarvey KeitelNew York Film Critics CircleNew York Film Critics Circle Award For Best ActorWriters Guild Of America AwardAmerican GigoloLight SleeperThe WalkerPaul SchraderYou Talkin' To Me? 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ClubRolling StoneNeo-noirPsychological ThrillerIMDbTurner Classic MoviesBox Office MojoRotten TomatoesMetacriticTemplate:Martin ScorseseTemplate Talk:Martin ScorseseMartin Scorsese FilmographyWho's That Knocking At My DoorBoxcar BerthaMean StreetsAlice Doesn't Live Here AnymoreNew York, New York (1977 Film)Raging BullThe King Of Comedy (film)After Hours (film)The Color Of MoneyThe Last Temptation Of Christ (film)New York StoriesGoodfellasCape Fear (1991 Film)The Age Of Innocence (1993 Film)Casino (film)KundunBringing Out The DeadGangs Of New YorkThe Aviator (2004 Film)The DepartedShutter Island (film)Hugo (film)The Wolf Of Wall Street (2013 Film)Silence (2016 Film)The Irishman (2019 Film)What's A Nice Girl Like You Doing In A Place Like This?It's Not Just You, Murray!The Big ShaveBad (Michael Jackson Song)Made In MilanThe Key To ReservaThe Audition (2015 Film)Boardwalk Empire (episode)Vinyl (TV Series)Street ScenesItalianamericanAmerican Boy: A Profile Of Steven PrinceThe Last WaltzA Personal Journey With Martin Scorsese Through American MoviesMy Voyage To ItalyThe Blues (film Series)No Direction HomeShine A Light (film)A Letter To EliaPublic Speaking (film)George Harrison: Living In The Material WorldThe 50 Year ArgumentMartin Scorsese And Robert De NiroMartin Scorsese And Leonardo DiCaprioTemplate:Paul SchraderTemplate Talk:Paul SchraderPaul SchraderBlue Collar (film)Hardcore (1979 Film)American GigoloMishima: A Life In Four ChaptersLight Of DayLight SleeperTouch (1997 Film)Affliction (film)Forever MineThe WalkerDying Of The Light (film)First ReformedThe YakuzaObsession (1976 Film)Rolling Thunder (film)Old BoyfriendsRaging BullThe Mosquito CoastThe Last Temptation Of Christ (film)City Hall (film)Bringing Out The DeadCat People (1982 Film)Patty Hearst (film)The Comfort Of Strangers (film)Witch Hunt (1994 Film)Auto FocusDominion: Prequel To The ExorcistAdam ResurrectedThe Canyons (film)Dog Eat Dog (2016 Film)Template:Palme D'OrTemplate Talk:Palme D'OrPalme 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Film)Paris, Texas (film)When Father Was Away On BusinessThe Mission (1986 Film)Under The Sun Of Satan (film)Pelle The ConquerorSex, Lies, And VideotapeWild At Heart (film)Barton FinkThe Best IntentionsFarewell My Concubine (film)The PianoPulp FictionUnderground (1995 Film)Secrets & Lies (film)Taste Of CherryThe Eel (film)Eternity And A DayRosetta (film)Dancer In The DarkThe Son's RoomThe Pianist (2002 Film)Elephant (2003 Film)Fahrenheit 9/11L'Enfant (film)The Wind That Shakes The Barley (film)4 Months, 3 Weeks And 2 DaysThe Class (2008 Film)The White RibbonUncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past LivesThe Tree Of Life (film)Amour (2012 Film)Blue Is The Warmest ColourWinter Sleep (film)DheepanI, Daniel BlakeThe Square (2017 Film)Template:Sight And Sound PollTemplate Talk:Sight And Sound PollBritish Film InstituteSight & SoundBicycle ThievesCity LightsThe Gold RushBattleship PotemkinIntolerance (film)Louisiana StoryGreed (film)Le Jour Se LèveThe Passion Of Joan Of ArcBrief EncounterThe 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