Contents 1 Geography 2 History 3 Landmarks 4 Biely Kameň Castle 5 Population 6 Sport 7 External links 8 References

Geography[edit] Svätý Jur is situated in the Pezinok District of the Bratislava Region in southwestern Slovakia. The surrounding areas include large vineyards in the nearby Little Carpathians and the unique Šúr swamps, a protected area.

History[edit] Archaeological excavations date the original settlement to the Hallstatt period and the Quadi period. In the 9th century, a Great Moravian castle was built here. Svätý Jur was first mentioned in a written source in 1209 and received a town charter in 1299. It became a royal free town in the Kingdom of Hungary in 1647. Defensive city walls were constructed between 1603 and 1664, but Svätý Jur was devastated by the Ottoman Turks in their invasion of 1663. The Ottoman troops also destroyed the White Castle (Slovak: Biely Kameň), which had been an important administrative center of the region until then. In the 18th century, the Hungarian government recruited German farmers to repopulate the area. To encourage migration, it allowed the Germans to keep their language and religion in order to develop farmland for cultivation and produce. Through the 19th century and into the 20th century, the population of this area was largely ethnic German, although by that time they spoke an archaic form of German. They were known as Danube Swabians. In part because Nazi Germany used the eastern ethnic German communities as an excuse for its wars of expansion in eastern Europe, after World War II, ethnic Germans were forcefully expelled to Germany and other Western countries. In 1840, the first (horse) railway in the Kingdom of Hungary was built from Bratislava to Svätý Jur.

Landmarks[edit] The most remarkable historical monument is the Gothic church of St. George, built in the 13th century. The sandstone altar from 1527 is an example of a transition between the Gothic and Renaissance styles. The stained glass windows were designed by Janko Alexy in 1950. The wooden bell tower from the 17th century protects a bell from 1400. The bell cracked due to a fire in 1802 and after repair in 1848 was damaged again. There is a fame that this bell was buried during the period of the Ottoman raids and was accidentally found by a rooting pig afterwards. A Great Moravian castle was built in the 9th century and it was abandoned in the 14th century. 1,693 metres of the walls have been preserved, but their height is now lower than the original 10 metres. Other places of interest include a Renaissance manor house, a Baroque church of Trinity, a Piarist monastery from 1720, and the ruins of the city walls. Svätý Jur is also well known for the largest raceway in Slovakia.

Biely Kameň Castle[edit] Ruins of Biely Kameň Castle The castle of Biely Kameň was mentioned for the first time in 1217. It was the seat of the counts of Svätý Jur until 1609, when they moved to a more comfortable manor house in the town. The castle was partially destroyed by an Ottoman raid in 1663. The ruins are still visible.

Population[edit] In 2006, Svätý Jur had a population of 5,186. According to the 2001 census, 97.5% of inhabitants were Slovaks. The Roman Catholicism is the most popular religion (72.5%), but there is also a significant number of atheists (15.9%) living in the village.[1]

Sport[edit] The town has an association football team called ŠK Svätý Jur.

External links[edit] Official site of Svätý Jur Photos of Svätý Jur Short description of Biely Kameň Castle

References[edit] ^ Municipal Statistics from the Statistical Office of the Slovak republic A panoramatic view of Svätý Jur v t e Municipalities of Pezinok District Modra Pezinok Svätý Jur Báhoň Budmerice Častá Doľany Dubová Jablonec Limbach Píla Slovenský Grob Šenkvice Štefanová Viničné Vinosady Vištuk Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 151327316 GND: 4385717-6 Retrieved from "ätý_Jur&oldid=813713986" Categories: Cities and towns in SlovakiaVillages and municipalities in Pezinok DistrictCastles in SlovakiaGreat MoraviaHidden categories: Coordinates on WikidataPages using geobox with a locator mapGeobox usage tracking for settlement typeArticles containing German-language textArticles containing Hungarian-language textArticles containing explicitly cited English-language textArticles containing Slovak-language textWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiers

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SlovakiaBratislava RegionPezinok DistrictGeographic Coordinate SystemCentral European TimeUTC+1Central European Summer TimeUTC+2Slovak Car Registration PlatesLocation In SlovakiaLocation In The Bratislava RegionGerman LanguageHungarian LanguageBratislavaSlovakiaSaint George And The DragonCzechoslovakia: 1948-1968Pezinok DistrictBratislava RegionVineyardsLittle CarpathiansŠúrProtected AreaArchaeologicalHallstatt PeriodQuadiGreat MoraviaKingdom Of HungaryOttoman TurksSlovak LanguageGermanyDanube SwabiansWorld War IIGothic ArchitectureSt. GeorgeRenaissance ArtStained GlassJanko AlexyBell TowerBell (instrument)Renaissance ArchitectureManor HouseBaroque ArchitectureTrinityPiaristMonasteryEnlargeCensusSlovaksRoman CatholicismAssociation FootballŠK Svätý JurEnlargeTemplate:Pezinok DistrictTemplate Talk:Pezinok DistrictPezinok DistrictModraPezinokBáhoňBudmericeČastáDoľany, Pezinok DistrictDubová, Pezinok DistrictJablonec, Pezinok DistrictLimbach, SlovakiaPíla, Pezinok DistrictSlovenský GrobŠenkviceŠtefanová, Pezinok DistrictViničnéVinosadyVištukSlovakiaHelp:Authority ControlVirtual International Authority FileIntegrated Authority FileHelp:CategoryCategory:Cities And Towns In SlovakiaCategory:Villages And Municipalities In Pezinok DistrictCategory:Castles In SlovakiaCategory:Great MoraviaCategory:Coordinates On WikidataCategory:Pages Using Geobox With A Locator MapCategory:Geobox Usage Tracking For Settlement TypeCategory:Articles Containing German-language TextCategory:Articles Containing Hungarian-language TextCategory:Articles Containing Explicitly Cited English-language TextCategory:Articles Containing Slovak-language TextCategory:Wikipedia Articles With VIAF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With GND IdentifiersDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

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