Contents 1 Platform 2 History 2.1 Early years 2.2 20th century 2.3 21st century 3 Circulation 4 Weatherbird 5 Notable people 6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links

Platform[edit] On April 10, 1907, Pulitzer wrote what became known as the paper's platform: I know that my retirement will make no difference in its cardinal principles, that it will always fight for progress and reform, never tolerate injustice or corruption, always fight demagogues of all parties, never belong to any party, always oppose privileged classes and public plunderers, never lack sympathy with the poor, always remain devoted to the public welfare, never be satisfied with merely printing news, always be drastically independent, never be afraid to attack wrong, whether by predatory plutocracy or predatory poverty.[4]

History[edit] Early years[edit] In 1878, Joseph Pulitzer purchased the bankrupt St. Louis Dispatch at a public auction[5] and merged it with the St. Louis Evening Post to create the St. Louis Post and Dispatch, whose title was soon shortened to its current form. He appointed John A. Cockerill as the managing editor. Its first edition, 4,020 copies of four pages each, appeared on December 12, 1878. In 1882, James Overton Broadhead ran for US Congress against John Glover. The St. Louis Post-Dispatch, at Cockerill's direction, ran a number of articles questioning Broadhead's role in a lawsuit between a gaslight company and the city; Broadhead never responded to the charges.[6] Broadhead's friend and law partner, Alonzo W. Slayback, publicly defended Broadhead, asserting that the St. Louis Post-Dispatch was nothing more than a "blackmailing sheet." The next day, 13 Oct 1882, Cockerill re-ran an offensive "card" by John Glover that the paper had published the prior November (11 Nov 1881). Incensed, Slayback barged into Cockerill's offices at the paper demanding an apology. Cockerill shot and killed Slayback; he claimed self-defense, and a pistol was allegedly found on Slayback's body. A grand jury refused to indict Cockerill for murder, but the economic consequences for the paper were severe. Therefore, in May 1883, Pulitzer sent Cockerill to New York to manage the New York World for him.[7] The Post-Dispatch was one of the first daily newspapers to print a comics section in color, on the back page of the features section, styled the "Everyday Magazine."[citation needed] 20th century[edit] At one time, the St. Louis Post-Dispatch had the second-largest news bureau in Washington, D.C. of any newspaper in the Midwestern United States.[8] After his retirement, generations of Pulitzers guided the newspaper, ending when great-grandson Joseph Pulitzer IV left the company in 1995. The Post-Dispatch was characterized by a liberal editorial page and columnists, including Marquis Childs. The editorial page was noted also for political cartoons by Daniel R. Fitzpatrick and Bill Mauldin. Several months prior to the anniversary edition, the newspaper published a 63rd anniversary tribute to "Our Own Oddities", a lighthearted feature that ran from 1940 to 1990. During the presidency of Harry S. Truman, the paper was one of his most outspoken critics. It associated him with the Pendergast machine in Kansas City, and constantly attacked his integrity. In 1959 the St. Louis Globe-Democrat entered into a joint operating agreement with the Post-Dispatch. The Post–Globe operation merged advertising, printing functions and shared profits. The Post-Dispatch, distributed evenings, had a smaller circulation than the Globe-Democrat, a morning daily. The Globe-Democrat folded in 1983, leaving the Post-Dispatch as the only daily newspaper in the region.[9] In August 1973 a Teamsters union representing Globe and Post-Dispatch staffers went on strike, halting production for six weeks.[10] 21st century[edit] St. Louis Post-Dispatch headquarters On January 13, 2004, the Post-Dispatch published a 125th anniversary edition, which included some highlights of the paper's 125 years: The story of Charles Lindbergh, who flew across the Atlantic despite being denied financial or written support from the Post-Dispatch. A Pulitzer Prize-winning campaign to clean up smoke pollution in St. Louis. In the late 1930s and early 1940s, the city had the filthiest air in America. See 1939 St. Louis smog. The sports coverage, including nine "St. Louis baseball Cardinals" championships, an NBA title by the St. Louis Hawks in 1958, and the 2000 Super Bowl victory of the St. Louis Rams. Coverage of the city's "cultural icons" including Kate Chopin, Tennessee Williams, Chuck Berry, and Miles Davis. On January 31, 2005, Michael Pulitzer announced the sale of Pulitzer, Inc. and all its assets, including the Post-Dispatch and a small share of the St. Louis Cardinals, to Lee Enterprises of Davenport, Iowa, for $1.46 billion. He said no family members would serve on the board of the merged company. The Post-Dispatch underwent a major redesign in September 2005, which brought a new layout, new fonts, and localized editions for St. Charles County and Illinois. Many readers have criticized the new format for devoting a larger percentage of page space to advertisements and relying too much on wire services and dispatches from other newspapers.[citation needed] On March 12, 2007, the paper eliminated 31 jobs, mostly in its circulation, classified phone rooms, production, purchasing, telephone operations and marketing departments.[11] On March 23, 2009, the paper converted to a compact style every day from the previous broadsheet Sunday through Friday and tabloid on Saturday. On May 4, 2012, the Post-Dispatch named a new editor, Gilbert Bailon. "Robbins steps down as editor of St. Louis Post-Dispatch, Bailon takes role".[citation needed] The Post-Dispatch prices are: $1.50 daily, $2.50 Sunday/Thanksgiving Day. On October 1, 2012, the price of the daily edition increased by 50% to $1.50. Six days later, its Sunday/Thanksgiving edition increased its price 25%. Sales tax is included at newsracks. On April 28, 2014, the paper implemented a partial pay wall digital subscription online for $24.80 for eight weeks. The introductory print subscription for the same time length is $31.90[12][13]

Circulation[edit] Circulation dropped for the daily paper from 213,472 to 191,631 to 178,801 for the two years after 2010, ending on September 30, 2011, and September 30, 2012. The Sunday paper also decreased from 401,427 to 332,825 to 299,227.[14] According to, the paper's paid print circulation figures (updated on June 5, 2014) were 225,889 daily and 252,000 Sunday,[15] while St. Louis Magazine mentioned the corresponding figures from the Alliance for Audited Media in March 2014 for the previous six-month average were 137,380 daily and 223,826 Sunday.[12] The circulation as of September 30, 2016 was 98,104 daily and 157,543 Sunday.[2]

Weatherbird[edit] First appearance of the Weatherbird, February 11, 1901 Main article: Weatherbird On February 11, 1901, the paper introduced a front-page feature called the "Weatherbird", a cartoon bird accompanying the daily weather forecast. "Weatherbird" is the oldest continuous cartoon in the United States today. Created by Harry B. Martin who drew it through 1903, it has since been drawn by Oscar Chopin (1903–1910); S. Carlisle Martin (1910–1932); Amadee Wohlschlaeger (1932–1981); Albert Schweitzer, the first one to draw the Weatherbird in color (1981–1986); and Dan Martin (1986–present).[16]

Notable people[edit] Jerry Berger, society columnist, 1980–2004 Bob Broeg, Hall of Fame baseball writer, 1946–2004 Jacob Burck, political cartoonist, 1937–1938 Cole Charles Campbell, editor, 1996–2000.[17] Richard Dudman, national affairs correspondent and Washington bureau chief, 1950–1981 Rick Hummel, Hall of Fame baseball writer, 1971– Clair Kenamore, foreign correspondent, telegraph editor, feature writer and Sunday magazine editor, early 20th century Joe Mahr, Pulitzer Prize–winning investigative journalist 2006–2009 Marguerite Martyn, reporter and artist (born ca. 1880, died 1948)[18] Bernie Miklasz, sports columnist, 1985–2015 Robert Minor, political cartoonist, 1907–1911 Charlie Ross, chief Washington correspondent and editor 1918–1945 Lou Rose, investigative reporter, 1964–1995 [19] Neal Russo, baseball writer and copy editor, 1947–1990 Elaine Viets, columnist, 1975–2000. Joe Williams, film critic, 1996–2015

See also[edit] Missouri portal Journalism portal St. Louis Beacon, an online-only news site founded by some former reporters and editors of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch St. Louis Globe-Democrat, a major competing St. Louis daily newspaper, located one block away on the same street, closed in 1986 St. Louis Sun, a short lived competing daily newspaper started in 1989 100 Neediest Cases, an annual charitable giving campaign sponsored in part by the Post-Dispatch Riverfront Times, the St. Louis weekly newspaper The Sporting News, another large paper started in St. Louis at offices on Tucker Boulevard, by a director of the St. Louis Browns Suburban Journals

References[edit] ^ ^ a b "Post-Dispatch ups buyout offer to 20 employees". St. Louis Business Journal. February 3, 2017.  ^ Top 100 Newspapers in the United States, Accessed August 17, 2016. ^ St. Louis Post-Dispatch Platform from the newspaper's website. ^ Jolley, Laura R. "Joseph Pulitzer". Missouri Biographies for Students. Retrieved October 29, 2015.  ^ Shepley, Carol Ferring. Movers and Shakers, Scalawags and Suffragettes: Tales from Bellefontaine Cemetery. Missouri History Museum: St. Louis, 2008. ^ ^ Tady, Megan (February 3, 2009). "Washington Reporters' Mass Exodus". Retrieved February 7, 2009.  ^ "ST. LOUIS GLOBE-DEMOCRAT ANNOUNCES IT WILL CLOSE THIS YEAR". The New York Times. 7 November 1983. Retrieved 25 June 2017.  ^ "Post‐Dispatch in St. Louis Publishes After 6 Weeks". Associated Press. 6 October 1973. Retrieved 25 June 2017.  ^ "St. Louis Post Dispatch to cut 31 Jobs", St. Louis Business Journal, March 12, 2007. ^ a b "The St. Louis Post-Dispatch Now Has A Partial Paywall. So Who's Buying?". St. Louis Magazine. June 3, 2014. Retrieved June 25, 2014.  ^ "Post-Dispatch implements partial pay wall online". St. Louis Business Journal. April 28, 2014.  ^ As of September 30, 2012 "2012 Top Media Outlets: Newspapers, Blogs, Consumer Magazines, Social Networks, and Websites". BurrellesLuce. January 2013. Retrieved March 21, 2013.  ^ "St. Louis Post-Dispatch". Retrieved June 25, 2014.  ^ "St. Louis Public Library UPDATE: A Tribute to Amadee". St. Louis Public Library, City of St. Louis. September 4, 2014. Retrieved September 8, 2016.  ^ Johnston, David Cay (January 8, 2007), "". The New York Times. ^ "Marguerite Martyn Dies; Artist, Writer," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, April 17, 1948, page 5A ^

Further reading[edit] Jim McWilliams, Mark Twain in the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 1874–1891 (Troy, New York: Whitston Publishing Company, 1997). Merrill, John C. and Harold A. Fisher. The world's great dailies: profiles of fifty newspapers (1980) pp 286–93 Daniel W. Pfaff, Joseph Pulitzer II and the Post-Dispatch: A Newspaperman's Life (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1991). Julian S. Rammelkamp, Pulitzer's Post-Dispatch, 1878–1883 (Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1967). Charles G. Ross and Carlos F. Hurd, The Story of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch (St. Louis: Pulitzer Publishing, 1944). The St. Louis Post-Dispatch as Appraised by Ten Distinguished Americans (St. Louis, 1926). Orrick Johns, Time of Our Lives: The Story of My Father and Myself, (New York, 1937). George Sibley Johns, father of the author, was editor of the Post-Dispatch for many years, and was the last of Joseph Pulitzer's "Fighting Editors". Dan Martin, The story of the First 100 Years of the St. Louis Post Dispatch Weatherbird (St. Louis, 2001).

External links[edit] St. Louis Post-Dispatch website Official mobile site Circulation numbers (MO St. Louis) for the St. Louis Post-Dispatch,(as of September 30, 2008) St. Louis Post-Dispatch Online Store v t e Lee Enterprises Inc. Newspapers Albany Democrat-Herald Arizona Daily Sun Arizona Daily Star Baraboo News Republic Beatrice Daily Sun Billings Gazette The Bismarck Tribune Casper Star-Tribune Columbus Telegram Daily Chronicle Beaver Dam Daily Citizen Daily Journal The Dispatch Elko Daily Free Press Globe Gazette Herald & Review Independent Record Journal Gazette La Crosse Tribune Lompoc Record The Montana Standard Missoula Independent Missoulian Muscatine Journal Napa Valley Register The Pantagraph Philomath Express Quad-City Times Ravalli Republic The Rock Island Argus Santa Maria Times The Sentinel Shawano Leader Sioux City Journal The Southern Illinoisan Times-News Times-Courier The Times The Ledger Independent St. Helena Star St. Louis Post-Dispatch Fremont Tribune Lincoln Journal Star The Citizen The Post-Star The World Corvallis Gazette-Times Lebanon Express The Sentinel The Times and Democrat Rapid City Journal The Daily News The Chippewa Herald The Capital Times Portage Daily Register The Journal Times The Daily News The Waterloo-Cedar Falls Courier Winona Daily News Wisconsin State Journal Acquisitions Howard Publications Pulitzer Scripps League Newspapers v t e Pulitzer Prize Special Citations and Awards (Journalism) Frank I. Cobb (1924 award to his widow) William O. Dapping (1930) Edmonton Journal (1938) The New York Times (1941) Byron Price (1944) American press cartographers (1945) St. Louis Post-Dispatch (1947) Cyrus Leo Sulzberger II (1951) Arthur Krock (1951) Max Kase (1952) The Kansas City Star (1952) The New York Times (1953) Walter Lippmann (1958) Gannett Newspapers (1964) Richard Strout (1978) Herb Caen (1996) Complete list (Journalism) (Letters) (Arts) (Service) v t e Pulitzer Prize for Public Service (1926–1950) Columbus Enquirer Sun (1926) Canton Daily News (1927) Indianapolis Times (1928) New York Evening World (1929) Atlanta Constitution (1931) Indianapolis News (1932) New York World-Telegram (1933) Medford Mail Tribune (1934) The Sacramento Bee (1935) Cedar Rapids Gazette (1936) St. Louis Post-Dispatch (1937) Bismarck Tribune (1938) Miami Daily News (1939) Waterbury Republican & American (1940) St. Louis Post-Dispatch (1941) Los Angeles Times (1942) Omaha World-Herald (1943) New York Times (1944) Detroit Free Press (1945) Scranton Times (1946) Baltimore Sun (1947) St. Louis Post-Dispatch (1948) Nebraska State Journal (1949) Chicago Daily News and St. Louis Post-Dispatch (1950) Complete list (1918–1925) (1926–1950) (1951–1975) (1976–2000) (2001–2025) v t e Pulitzer Prize for Public Service (1951–1975) Miami Herald and Brooklyn Eagle (1951) St. Louis Post-Dispatch (1952) Whiteville News Reporter (1953) Newsday (1954) Columbus Ledger and Sunday Ledger-Enquirer (1955) Watsonville Register-Pajaronian (1956) Chicago Daily News (1957) Arkansas Gazette (1958) Utica Observer-Dispatch and Utica Daily Press (1959) Los Angeles Times (1960) Amarillo Globe-Times (1961) Panama City News-Herald (1962) Chicago Daily News (1963) St. Petersburg Times (1964) Hutchinson News (1965) Boston Globe (1966) Milwaukee Journal (1967) Riverside Press-Enterprise (1968) Los Angeles Times (1969) Newsday (1970) Winston-Salem Journal (1971) The New York Times (1972) Washington Post (1973) Newsday (1974) Boston Globe (1975) Complete list (1918–1925) (1926–1950) (1951–1975) (1976–2000) (2001–2025) Retrieved from "" Categories: St. Louis Post-DispatchNewspapers published in St. LouisLee Enterprises publicationsPulitzer Prize-winning newspapersPublications established in 1878Companies based in St. LouisHidden categories: Pages using deprecated image syntaxAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from February 2011Articles with unsourced statements from April 2009Articles with unsourced statements from February 2013

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