Contents 1 History 1.1 Settlement for blackout 1.2 Shooting 2 Renewable energy 3 Electric vehicles 4 Energy research and policy 5 Labor practice controversy 6 See also 7 References 8 External links


History[edit] The origins of the company lie with the grand scheme of magnate Henry E. Huntington and hydraulic engineer John S. Eastwood, developed around 1908, for a vast complex of reservoirs to be constructed in the Sierra Nevada Mountains of central California. Huntington founded Pacific Light and Power, one of the roughly two dozen companies he controlled at the time,[4] to execute what would eventually become one of the largest hydropower systems in the United States, the Big Creek Hydroelectric Project. Pacific Light and Power was one of the predecessor companies to SCE, along with Edison Electric, Mt. Whitney Power & Electric Co., California Electric Power Co., Southern California Power Co.,[5] and others.[6] In November, 2014, Southern California Edison announced a partnership with Ice Energy to provide more efficient energy storage by freezing water at night when electricity is cheaper.[7] In 2015, Southern California Edison began laying off American information technology employees and replacing them with H-1B visa immigrants from India; the lay off of American employees affected 400 individuals, and was due to the utility hiring Infosys for its information technology needs.[8] The layoffs were questioned by members of the United States Senate.[9] Settlement for blackout[edit] Southern California Edison agreed to pay a $650,000 settlement for the 2011 blackout with FERC and NERC.[10][11] Shooting[edit] Main article: Southern California Edison shooting On December 16, 2011, a shooting occurred when an employee of Southern California Edison opened fire at an office building in Irwindale, killing two co-workers and seriously wounding two others, before committing suicide.


Renewable energy[edit] Southern California Edison allows its customer to obtain their electricity entirely from renewable sources by subscribing to a "green rate".[12] In 2006, Southern California Edison planned to secure 1,500 megawatts or more of power generated from new projects to be built in the Tehachapi Pass Wind Farm area. The contract, which more than doubles SCE's wind energy portfolio, envisions more than 50 square miles (130 km2) of wind parks in the Tehachapi region, which is triple the size of any existing U.S. wind farm.[13] In March 2008, Southern California Edison announced a $875 million project to build a network of 250 megawatts of photovoltaic solar power generation, making it the biggest solar cell project in the nation. The photovoltaic cells will cover 65,000,000 square feet (6,000,000 m2) of rooftops in southern California and will generate enough power to serve 162,000 homes.[14] In 2009, Southern California Edison entered into a contract with Solar Millennium to purchase solar thermal power up to 726 MW.[15] Southern California Edison also entered into a contract with Stirling Energy Systems to buy electricity from a 500 megawatt, 4,600 acre (19 km2), solar power plant which was due to open in 2009.[16][17] The purchase was canceled in late 2010, as changes in technology reduced the cost of photovoltaic-based solar power to below that of solar Stirling generated power.[18] This would have been the first commercial application of the dish stirling system. A different technology from the more familiar solar panel, the dish concentrates solar energy by the use of reflective surfaces and by the use of the Stirling heat engine to convert the heat into electricity. In 2014, Southern California Edison installed more than 600,000 lithium-ion battery cells at a substation in Tehachapi, California in order to test storing power generated from an area that currently has 5,000 wind turbines.[19] In 2014 SCE had a renewables mix of 23%.[20] By 2016, 28.2% of SCE's power sources were renewable.[21]


Electric vehicles[edit] Southern California Edison has a number of resources and a rate designed specifically for electric vehicle users.[22]


Energy research and policy[edit] Southern California Edison has a long history of research in the energy arena. Often this includes working with other companies and government entities. One example is the SOLARII feasibility generator, which was a solar-powered energy plant that could produce electricity 24 hours a day. This was done by heating molten salts that would hold the heat during the day and would be used to generate power at night.[citation needed] Dr. John Jurewitz served as Director of Regulatory Policy for Southern California Edison for 15 years until his retirement in July 2007. His major areas of research are in oil, gas, and electricity policy and greenhouse gas regulation. He has testified and participated in government-sponsored proceedings addressing electric industry restructuring and energy policy at the state, federal, and international levels.[23][24][25]


Labor practice controversy[edit] In April 2015, Southern California Edison laid off about 400 IT employees, with an additional 100 IT workers leaving voluntarily.[26] Meanwhile, the utility company hired Infosys, based in Bangalore, and Tata Consultancy Services in Mumbai, which are among the largest users of H-1B visas.[27] About 70% of the work to be done by Tata and Infosys will be completed offshore, according to SCE. The company claimed it had to lay off US-based employees to stay competitive. SCE was subsequently investigated by the US Department of Labor for potential H1-B visa abuse.[28] In October, Department of Labor concluded Infosys did not abuse the H1-B program in the dealings with SCE, while Tata's case remained open.[29]


See also[edit] Energy use in California Solar power plants in the Mojave Desert Wind power in California List of articles associated with nuclear issues in California


References[edit] ^ . United States Securities and Exchange Commission Form 10K, Southern California Edison Company https://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/92103/000082705213000024/eix201210k.htm Form 10K, Southern California Edison Company Check |url= value (help).  Missing or empty |title= (help) ^ "Southern California Edison Announces Plans to Retire San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station". Edison International press release. June 7, 2013. Retrieved 10 June 2013.  ^ "Summary of FERC documentation relating to the Western Energy Crisis 2000-2001". Retrieved 2013-06-10.  ^ http://www.huntington.org/uploadedFiles/Files/PDFs/pr_hugabouthenry.pdf ^ Staff, "Historic Redlands Lighting System Today 50 Years Old - Street Illumination Proved Feasibility Of World's First Long Transmission Line", The San Bernardino Daily Sun, San Bernardino, California, Friday 6 August 1943, Volume 49, page 12. ^ http://hdl.huntington.org/cdm/landingpage/collection/p16003coll2 ^ Richardson, Jake. "25 MW Of Ice Energy Storage For Southern California Edison". Clean Technica. Sustainable Enterprises Media, Inc. Retrieved 30 December 2014.  ^ Thibodeau, Patrick (4 February 2015). "Southern California Edison IT workers 'beyond furious' over H-1B replacements". Computer World. Retrieved 3 April 2015.  Li, Shan; Morrison, Matt (10 February 2015). "Edison's plans to cut jobs, hire foreign workers is assailed". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 3 April 2015.  Street, Chriss W. (5 February 2015). "SCE Dumps American Staff, Imports H-1B Tech Workers From India". Breitbart. Retrieved 3 April 2015.  ^ Kopetman, Roxana (17 March 2015). "Senators question Southern California Edison's layoffs, replacement with Indian workers". Orange County Register. Retrieved 3 April 2015.  ^ "FERC Approves Third Settlement in 2011 Southwest Blackout Case". FERC.  ^ Southern California Edison, FERC and NERC Reach Settlement Agreement NERC ^ "Green Rate - Standard Residential Rate Plan". www.sce.com.  ^ Southern California Edison Signs Largest Wind Energy Contract in U.S. Renewable Industry History ^ "Southern California Edison Launches Nation's Largest Solar Panel Installation". Edison International. March 27, 2008. Retrieved 2011-03-08.  ^ "Solar Millennium and Southern California Edison signed power purchase agreements". Solar Millennium. July 17, 2009. Retrieved 2011-03-08.  ^ Sterling D. Allan (August 11, 2005). "World's largest solar installation to use Stirling engine technology". Pure Energy Systems. Retrieved 2011-03-08.  ^ Michael Kanellos (March 12, 2007). "Full steam ahead for Nevada solar project". ZDNet. Retrieved 2011-03-08.  ^ Michael Kanellos (December 23, 2010). "More Bad News for Stirling: So. Cal. Edison Cancels Power Purchase Agreement". GreenTech.  ^ McFerron, Whitney (October 13, 2014). "Giant Battery Unit Aims at Wind Storage Holy Grail: Commodities". BloombergBusiness.  ^ Biennial RPS Program Update Section 913.6 Report | January 2016 | Page 5. California Public Utilities Commission ^ Tarantola, Andrew (20 December 2017). "California is set to hit its green-energy goals a decade early". Engadget. Retrieved 27 December 2017.  ^ "Electric Vehicles". www.sce.com.  ^ Lutz Mez, Mycle Schneider and Steve Thomas (Eds.) (2009). International Perspectives of Energy Policy and the Role of Nuclear Power, Multi-Science Publishing Co. Ltd, p. 591. ^ California's Climate Change Policy ^ Electricity pricing in transition ^ "Edison's plans to cut jobs, hire foreign workers is assailed". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 14 December 2015.  ^ "Southern California Edison IT workers 'beyond furious' over H-1B replacements". ComputerWorld. ComputerWorld. Retrieved 14 December 2015.  ^ "Feds investigating Southern California Edison contractors after allegations of work visa abuse". scpr.org. Retrieved 14 December 2015.  ^ "Feds find no wrongdoing by firm that provided foreign workers to Edison". scpr.org. Retrieved 14 December 2015. 


External links[edit] Southern California Edison website SCE Launches 250-MW Solar Project Southern California Edison’s Electric Vehicle (EV) Technical Center in Pomona, California Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 152432971 ISNI: 0000 0001 0220 7062 GND: 276910-4 v t e Electric and gas utilities in California Investor-owned utility Bear Valley Electric Liberty Utilities Pacific Power PG&E SDG&E SCE Southwest Gas Community and municipality owned Alameda Municipal Power Anaheim Public Utilities Azusa Light & Power Banning Public Utilities Biggs Municipal Utilities Burbank Water and Power Cerritos Electric Utility City of Industry Public Utility Colton Electric Utility Corona Water and Power Eastside Power Authority Glendale Water & Power Gridley Electric Utility Healdsburg Electric Utility Hercules Municipal Utility Imperial Irrigation District Kirkwood Meadows Public Utility District Lassen Municipal Utility District Lodi Electric Utility Lompoc Public Utility Los Angeles Department of Water and Power City of Long Beach Department of Gas and Water Merced Irrigation District Modesto Irrigation District Moreno Valley Electrical Utility Needles Public Utility Palo Alto Public Utility Pasadena Water & Power Pittsburg Public Utility Port of Oakland Port of Stockton Power & Water Resources Pooling Authority Rancho Cucamonga Municipal Utility Redding Electric Utility Riverside Public Utilities Roseville Electric Sacramento Municipal Utility District San Francisco Public Utilities Commission Shasta Lake Public Utility Shelter Cove Resort Improvement District Silicon Valley Power Trinity Public Utilities District Truckee Donner Public Utilities District Turlock Irrigation District Ukiah Public Utility Vernon Light and Power Victorville Municipal Utilities Services Joint powers authorities Northern California Power Agency Southern California Public Power Authority Government agencies California Department of Water Resources Western Area Power Administration Community choice aggregation Marin Energy Authority Cooperatives Anza Electric Cooperative Plumas-Sierra Rural Electric Cooperative Surprise Valley Electrification Corporation Native American utilities Aha Macav Power Service Morongo Band of Mission Indians Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Southern_California_Edison&oldid=823024380" Categories: Southern California EdisonEnergy in CaliforniaPower companies of the United StatesElectric power transmission system operators in the United StatesHydroelectric power companies of the United StatesNuclear power companies of the United StatesSouthern CaliforniaCompanies based in Los Angeles County, CaliforniaRosemead, CaliforniaEnergy companies established in 19081908 establishments in CaliforniaCompanies listed on the New York Stock ExchangeSuperfund sites in CaliforniaSouthern California Edison damsAmerican companies established in 1908Hidden categories: Pages with citations lacking titlesPages with citations having bare URLsPages with URL errorsPages using deprecated image syntaxAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from October 2010Wikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiers


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