Contents 1 Geography 2 Climate 3 Ecology 4 Hydrology 5 Human history 5.1 Native American Habitation 5.2 18th & 19th Centuries 5.3 20th Century 6 Highest peaks 7 Adjacent landforms 8 References 9 See also


Geography[edit] The Sierra Pelona Mountains lie northwest of the San Gabriel Mountains, which are divided by the wide Soledad Canyon formation. The mountains are flanked to the south by the Santa Clarita Valley and separated from the Antelope Valley to the north by the San Andreas Fault. Toward the southwest lie Vasquez Rocks, thrust up by the fault. The Tejon Pass separates the Sierra Pelonas, the San Emigdios and the Tehachapis near Gorman and Lebec. Within the Sierra Pelonas lie the rural areas of Three Points, Lake Hughes, Elizabeth Lake and Green Valley, as well as Liebre Mountain, Burnt Peak, Sawmill Mountain, Grass Mountain and Mount McDill.


Climate[edit] The climate of the mountains is a temperate Mediterranean. Summers are mostly dry but for the occasional thunderstorm, and winters comparatively cold and wet. Snowfall is infrequent due to the relatively low elevations of mountains within this range, with only the few tallest peaks regularly receiving snowfall during the winter.


Ecology[edit] Mainly the range falls under the California montane chaparral and woodlands ecoregion, excepting the northeastern flank's gradual slope into the Antelope Valley near Palmdale. The mountains are primarily covered in short grasses, scrub oak trees, yucca, and other chaparral shrubs. The range is prone to wildfires in the summer and fall, especially when the Santa Ana winds blow in from the Antelope Valley.


Hydrology[edit] Three major tributaries of the Santa Clara River and numerous minor watercourses and washes drain the range: Castaic Creek, San Francisquito Creek, and Bouquet Creek. Three sag ponds nestle within the narrow valley that divides the mountains from the Antelope Valley: Hughes Lake, Munz Lakes, and Elizabeth Lake. Aerial view of the Sierra Pelona Mountains and San Andreas Fault


Human history[edit] Native American Habitation[edit] See also: Native American history of California The Native population of California in the Sierra Pelona and Santa Susana Mountains included the Tataviam and Serrano people. They traded with the Tongva and Chumash to the south and west, until the Spanish colonization of the Americas relocated them from their homelands. 18th & 19th Centuries[edit] The San Francisquito Canyon, which runs north-south through the mountains, served as a major wagon route between the Antelope and San Fernando Valleys. This corridor summited at San Francisquito Pass and was part of the El Camino Viejo - an alternate land route to the El Camino Real for reaching northern Spanish and Mexican colonial Alta California - as well as the Butterfield Overland Mail route. 20th Century[edit] The Ridge Route, a landmark two-lane highway that connected Los Angeles to the rest of California, was built along the western flank of the mountain range and was completed in 1915. It was later bypassed by the Ridge Route Alternate (US 99) in 1930, itself superseded by Interstate 5 completed in 1971. The rapid development of Southern California throughout the 20th century saw construction of the Los Angeles Aqueduct and five separate reservoirs to supply water to the region: Castaic Lake, Bouquet Reservoir, Drinkwater Reservoir, and Dry Canyon Reservoir and the St. Francis Reservoir, both now drained and destroyed.


Highest peaks[edit] Burnt Peak is the tallest mountain in the Sierra Pelona Mountains. Burnt Peak 5,788 ft (1,764 m) Liebre Mountain 5,760+ ft (1756+ m) Sawmill Mountain 5,514 ft (1681 m) Jupiter Mountain 4,498 ft (1,371 m) Redrock Mountain (benchmark) 3,991 ft (1,216 m)


Adjacent landforms[edit] Tehachapi Mountains - on the northeast San Emigdio Mountains - on the northwest Topatopa Mountains - on the west Santa Susana Mountains - to the southwest San Gabriel Mountains - to the east Santa Clarita Valley - to the south Soledad Canyon - to the southeast Antelope Valley - on the east-northeast Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sierra Pelona Mountains.


References[edit] ^ "Burnt Peak". Peakbagger.com.  ^ "Sierra Pelona Mountains". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2015-12-16.  ^ [1], United States Geological Survey GNIS Detail Sierra Pelona, accessed 6/10/11 ^ [2], USGS GNIS Detail San Gabriel Mountains.


See also[edit] Centennial, California, a proposed master-planned community in the area Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sierra_Pelona_Mountains&oldid=789823287" Categories: Sierra Pelona MountainsTransverse RangesMountain ranges of the Mojave DesertMountain ranges of Los Angeles County, CaliforniaMountain ranges of Kern County, CaliforniaAngeles National ForestMountain ranges of Southern CaliforniaHidden categories: Coordinates on Wikidata


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Santa Clarita, CaliforniaBurnt Peak (California)SummitGeographic Coordinate SystemGeographic Coordinate SystemSierra Pelona Mountains Is Located In CaliforniaUnited StatesCaliforniaLos Angeles County, CaliforniaKern County, CaliforniaMountain RangeTransverse RangesSan Emigdio MountainsTehachapi MountainsMountain RangeTransverse RangesSouthern CaliforniaLos Angeles CountyKern CountySan Andreas FaultAngeles National ForestSan Gabriel MountainsSoledad CanyonSanta Clarita ValleyAntelope ValleySan Andreas FaultVasquez RocksTejon PassSan Emigdio MountainsTehachapi MountainsGorman, CaliforniaLebec, CaliforniaThree Points, CaliforniaLake HughesElizabeth Lake (Los Angeles County, California)Green Valley, Los Angeles County, CaliforniaCalifornia Montane Chaparral And WoodlandsAntelope ValleyPalmdale, CaliforniaQuercus BerberidifoliaHesperoyucca WhippleiChaparralSanta Ana WindsSanta Clara River (California)Castaic CreekSan Francisquito Creek (Santa Clara River)Bouquet ReservoirSag PondHughes Lake (California)Munz LakesElizabeth Lake (Los Angeles County, California)EnlargeCategory:Native American History Of CaliforniaPopulation Of Native CaliforniaSanta Susana MountainsTataviam PeopleSerrano (people)Tongva PeopleChumash PeopleSpanish Colonization Of The AmericasSan Francisquito CanyonSan Francisquito PassEl Camino ViejoEl Camino Real (California)Butterfield Overland Mail In CaliforniaRidge RouteLos AngelesU.S. Route 99 In CaliforniaInterstate 5 In CaliforniaSouthern CaliforniaLos Angeles AqueductCastaic LakeBouquet ReservoirDry Canyon ReservoirSt. Francis DamEnlargeBurnt Peak (California)Tehachapi MountainsSan Emigdio MountainsTopatopa MountainsSanta Susana MountainsSan Gabriel MountainsSanta Clarita ValleySoledad CanyonAntelope ValleyGeographic Names Information SystemUnited States Geological SurveyCentennial, CaliforniaHelp:CategoryCategory:Sierra Pelona MountainsCategory:Transverse RangesCategory:Mountain Ranges Of The Mojave DesertCategory:Mountain Ranges Of Los Angeles County, CaliforniaCategory:Mountain Ranges Of Kern County, CaliforniaCategory:Angeles National ForestCategory:Mountain Ranges Of Southern CaliforniaCategory:Coordinates On WikidataDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer



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