Contents 1 National Asylum for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers 2 Pacific Branch 2.1 Land donation 2.2 Development 2.3 Administration 2.4 Other notable people 2.5 Sawtelle 2.6 Wadsworth Hospital 2.7 Veterans Administration 2.7.1 VA West Los Angeles Medical Center 3 References 4 External links

National Asylum for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers[edit] In 1865, Congress passed legislation to incorporate the National Asylum for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers and Sailors of the Civil War. Volunteers were not eligible for care in the existing regular army and navy home facilities. This legislation, one of the last Acts signed by President Lincoln, marked the entrance of the United States into the direct provision of care for the temporary versus career military. The Asylum was renamed the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers (NHDVS) in 1873. It was also known colloquially as the Old Soldiers Home. Between 1867 and 1929, the Home expanded to ten branches and one sanatorium.[1] The Board of Managers were empowered to establish the Home at such locations as they deemed appropriate and to establish those programs that they determined necessary. The Home was a unique creation of the Congress. While the Managers included, ex-officio, the President of the United States, the Secretary of War and the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, it was not a part of the Executive branch of government. Its budget requests in later years were submitted in conjunction with the War Department. But throughout its existence, until 1930, the Board of Managers consistently defended its independence of the Executive Branch. In 1900 admission was extended to all honorably discharged officers, soldiers and sailors who served in regular or volunteer forces of the United States in any war in which the country had been engaged and who were disabled, who had no adequate means of support and were incapable of earning a living. As formal declarations of war were not the rule in the Indian Wars, Congress specifically extended eligibility for the Home to those who "served against hostile Indians" in 1908. Veterans who served in the Philippines, China and Alaska were covered in 1909.[2]

Pacific Branch[edit] Due increased demand as a result of widening of admission standards, in 1887 Congress approved the establishment of a Pacific Branch of the Home. The Pacific Branch was established under an act of Congress approved March 2, 1887, entitled "An act to provide for the location and erection of a Branch Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers west of the Rocky Mountains." Land donation[edit] The proposed establishment prompted intense competition, as local promoters recognized the value of a prominent, prestigious institution. The selected site for the Pacific Branch on land near Santa Monica was influenced by donations of land (300 acres (1.2 km2)) and cash ($100,000) and water (120,000 gallons per day) from Senator John P. Jones and Robert S. Baker, and his wife Arcadia Bandini de Stearns Baker. Jones and Baker were involved in the development of Santa Monica and believed the Pacific Branch would contribute to the growth of the community and the area. The Wolfskill ranch owners east of Sepulveda Boulevard, donated a tract of 330 acres (1.3 km2).[3] Development[edit] The Pacific Branch opened in 1888 on 713 acres (2.89 km2) of land. Prominent architect Stanford White is credited with designing the original shingle style frame barracks. J. Lee Burton designed a streetcar depot and the shingle style chapel in 1900.[4] The Barry Hospital was built in sections from 1891 to 1909. Plantings of pines, palm trees, and eucalyptus groves transformed the site from its treeless state. Chapel. Street Car Street Car Depot Administration[edit] Although the Board of Managers established regulations for the operation of the NHDVS system and oversaw those operations, many decisions were made at the local level by local managers (who were members of the Board of Managers) Date Pacific Branch – Local Managers 1889–1891 Henry H. Markham 1891–1892 George H. Bonebrake 1892–1898 Andrew W. Barrett 1898–1904 William H. Bonsall 1904– Henry H. Markham or branch governors (chief administrative officers). Date Pacific Branch – Governors 1888–1894 Colonel Charles Treichel (1842–1894) 1894–1897 Colonel J.G. Rowland ( – ) 1897–1899 Colonel Andrew Jackson Smith (1838–1913)[5] 1899–1908 General Oscar Hugh La Grange (1837–1915)[6] 1908–1913 Colonel Thomas J. Cochrane ( – ) 1913– General Patrick H. Barry (1844– )[7] The Branch twice became the object of local controversy, fueled by newspaper coverage. In 1889, the Board of Managers conducted an investigation of the Pacific Branch after a number of charges, including poor treatment of members, bad food, and corrupt management, were leveled. The Board found little cause for concern, as their only action was to remind the governor of the Branch of his responsibilities. In 1912, the US Senate, prompted by newspaper reports, investigated the operations of Pacific Branch but found little basis for the charges.[8] Other notable people[edit] Other notable people associated with the Pacific Branch include: Person Association Nicholas Porter Earp (1813–1907) Died at the Home in 1907. Hermann Edward Hasse (1836–1915) Chief surgeon at the Home (1888–1905) who had a particular interest in lichens.[9] John Johnston (aka Liver Eating Johnson) Frontiersman, deputy, Union Soldier died 1900 at the home.[10] Robert W. Patten (aka the Umbrella Man) Civil War veteran, gained fame in late years as eccentric in Seattle, with a cartoon series modeled after him. James W. Wadsworth (1846–1926) President of the Board of Managers NHDVS. Sawtelle[edit] The Pacific Branch served as an attraction for both tourists and local real estate speculators. In 1904, Los Angeles Pacific Railroad's branch became a stop on the Balloon Route[11][12] – a popular tour of local attractions conducted by an entrepreneur who escorted tourists via a rented streetcar. In 1905, residential lots and larger tracts in the new Westgate Subdivision, which joined “the beautiful Soldier’s Home”, and which was owned and promoted by Jones and Baker’s Santa Monica Land and Water Company, were for sale.[13] The new community of Sawtelle developed around the Pacific Branch when veterans’ families, as well as veterans themselves who were drawing relief, settled there.[14] Wadsworth Hospital[edit] Following World War I, a new governmental agency, the Veterans Bureau, was created to provide for the hospitalization and rehabilitation of this much younger group of veterans. The development of medical facilities for veterans during the 1920s fueled a burst of construction during that decade, including Colonial Revival staff residences. The James W. Wadsworth Hospital opened in 1927, replacing the Barry Hospital. Veterans Administration[edit] The National Home and the Veterans Bureau, were combined into the United States Veterans Administration by President Hoover in 1930. Planning began for a major building campaign, including Mission/Spanish Colonial style hospital buildings and a group of Romanesque-inspired research buildings. The present Wadsworth hospital was constructed in the late 1930s. A new theater replaced the former Ward Theater in 1940. Most of the 1890s era buildings were demolished in the 1960s. The Veterans Affairs (VA) hospital building (VA Wadsworth Medical Center) was opened in 1977. VA West Los Angeles Medical Center[edit] The VA West Los Angeles Medical Center of the VA Greater Los Angeles Health Care System is a hospital and tertiary health care facility south of Wilshire Boulevard and west of the San Diego Freeway on the Sawtelle Campus.[15] It provides a broad range of health care services to veterans. The largest of the VA's health care campuses, it is a part of the VA Desert Pacific Network.[16]

References[edit] ^ National Park Service History ^ Trevor K. Plante National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers ^ Ingersoll, Luther A (2008). Ingersoll's Century History, Santa Monica Bay Cities – Prefaced with a Brief History of the State of California, a Condensed History of Los Angeles County, 1542–1908; Supplemented with an Encyclopedia of Local Biography. ISBN 978-1-4086-2367-1.  ^ Wadsworth Chapel ^ Governor A.J. Smith, Resigns Because His Life Is in Danger, New York Times, December 22, 1898. ^ La Grange, Oscar Hugh. ^ John Steven McGroarty Los Angeles from the Mountains to the Sea, Vol II pp.155–56, 1921. ^ An Investigation of the Management of the Branch National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, Santa Monica, Cal., Report of The Committee on Military Affairs, United States Senate, United States Congressional Serial Set, United States Government Printing Office, Washington, 1243 pages, 1913 ^ Dr. Hermann Hasse ^ John Johnston ^ Pacific Electric Westgate Line ^ Pacific Electric Santa Monica Air Line ^ Loomis, Jan (2008). Brentwood. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0-7385-5621-1.  ^ Robbing Veterans of Pension 1904 ^ VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System: VA West Los Angeles Medical Center website — address: 11301 Wilshire Blvd, Los Angeles, CA 90073. ^ VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System Andrae, Elsbeth (1948). The Dear Old Boys In Blue: Memories of the Early Days of the Veterans Administration Center, Los Angeles. Reynard Press.  Leo E. Mallonee, Birth and Growth of VA Center, LA, Wiltell News, April 10, 1963, reprinted from Westways 48, June 1956. Duncan Underhill, Sawtelle, Fairest of Warriors’ Retreats, Wiltell News, April 10, 1963, reprinted from Westways 48, June 1956. Judith G. Cetina, A History of Veterans' Homes in the United States: 1811–1930, Ph.D. dissertation, Case Western Reserve University, 1977. Kelly, Patrick J. (1997). Creating a National Home: Building the Veterans Welfare State, 1860–1900. Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-17560-0.  Report of The Board of Managers Of The National Home For Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, 54th Congress, House of Representatives. (Document No. 46). Government Printing Office., Washington, 1896

External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, Pacific Branch. 1900 USGS topographic map[dead link] Los Angeles in the 1900s, Sawtelle and the Veterans Hospital Los Angeles National Cemetery “NHDVS” Harper's Magazine, October 1886 National Park Service Photographs and Site Map History of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers VA Virtual Museum Sawtelle Disabled Veterans Home, Los Angeles Case Files, 1888–1933 Veterans Park Conservancy U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Sawtelle Veterans Chapel Coordinates: 34°03′29″N 118°27′29″W / 34.058°N 118.458°W / 34.058; -118.458 Retrieved from "" Categories: Sawtelle, Los AngelesGovernment buildings in Los AngelesHistory of Los AngelesHistory of Santa Monica, CaliforniaOld soldiers' homes in the United States1888 establishments in California19th century in Los AngelesWest Los AngelesHidden categories: All articles with dead external linksArticles with dead external links from October 2015Coordinates on Wikidata

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EnlargeLong-term CareVeteranLos Angeles Metropolitan AreaSawtelle, Los AngelesCaliforniaRancho San Vicente Y Santa MonicaJohn P. JonesArcadia Bandini De Stearns BakerLos Angeles National CemeteryWest Los Angeles VA Medical CenterWest Los Angeles VA Medical CenterAbraham LincolnNational Home For Disabled Volunteer SoldiersOld Soldiers' HomeUnited States Secretary Of WarChief Justice Of The United StatesAmerican Indian WarsUnited States CongressPhilippinesChinaAlaskaRobert Symington BakerStanford WhiteStreetcar Depot, West Los AngelesWadsworth ChapelEdit Section: AdministrationHenry MarkhamAndrew W. BarrettWilliam Hartshorn BonsallHenry MarkhamOscar Hugh La GrangeNicholas Porter EarpRobert W. PattenJames Wolcott WadsworthLos Angeles Pacific RailroadBalloon RouteSawtelle, Los Angeles, CaliforniaWorld War IColonial Revival ArchitectureUnited States Department Of Veterans AffairsHerbert HooverWest Los Angeles VA Medical CenterWilshire BoulevardSan Diego FreewayInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1-4086-2367-1International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-7385-5621-1International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-674-17560-0Wikipedia:Link RotGeographic Coordinate SystemHelp:CategoryCategory:Sawtelle, Los AngelesCategory:Government Buildings In Los AngelesCategory:History Of Los AngelesCategory:History Of Santa Monica, CaliforniaCategory:Old Soldiers' Homes In The United StatesCategory:1888 Establishments In CaliforniaCategory:19th Century In Los AngelesCategory:West Los AngelesCategory:All Articles With Dead External LinksCategory:Articles With Dead External Links From October 2015Category:Coordinates On WikidataDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

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