Contents 1 Overview 2 History 2.1 The Valley of Heart's Delight 2.2 The Great Depression 2.3 War and industry 2.4 San Jose 2.5 Silicon Valley 2.6 Schools 3 Cities and towns 3.1 San Francisco South Bay 4 Notable structures 5 Geology 5.1 Quicksilver mine 6 Climate 6.1 Temperatures 7 References 8 External links 9 Further reading

Overview[edit] "Valley of the Heart's Delight", mid 20th century Once primarily agricultural because of its highly fertile soil, Santa Clara Valley is now largely urbanized, although its far southern reaches south of Gilroy remain agrarian. The most northern urban areas are considered part of Silicon Valley. As Silicon Valley is not an actual valley, parts of the San Francisco Peninsula farther north are included in the Silicon Valley region as well. Locally, the urbanized areas of Santa Clara Valley are also referred to as part of the South Bay. Few traces of its agricultural past can still be found, but the Santa Clara Valley American Viticultural Area remains a large wine-making region. It was one of the first commercial wine-producing regions in California (and possibly the United States), utilizing high-quality French varietal vines imported from France.[3][4] The northern end of the Santa Clara Valley is at the southern tip of the San Francisco Bay, and the southern end is in the vicinity of Hollister. The valley is bounded by the Santa Cruz Mountains on the southwest, which separate Santa Clara Valley from the Pacific Ocean, and by the Diablo Range on the northeast. The valley is approximately 30 miles (50 km) long by 15 miles (20 km) wide. Its largest city, by an 86.7% margin, is San Jose. The population of the valley is 1.81 million people along with approximately 865,700 wage and salary jobs.[5] Santa Clara Valley has a Mediterranean semi-arid climate.

History[edit] Mission Santa Clara de Asís with control over a vast tract of land stretching from Palo Alto to Gilroy was founded by Franciscans in 1777. It served the Ohlone people. San Jose was also founded in 1777 by Spain as an agricultural pueblo. It is the oldest town in California (though there are older missions). There were 66 original settlers. In Spanish and Mexican times the land was devoted to cattle, as was most of California. Following the Mexican–American War San Jose was briefly the Capital of California. The influx of Americans resulted in relocation of many of the native Mexican and Indian people of San Jose to the mission at Santa Clara which had been under control of Jesuits from 1850, They founded Santa Clara University there in 1851. In 1860, as an American town, the population of San Jose was 4,579, with cattle ranching still the main agricultural activity. For a time wheat became the main crop, but in the 1870s fruit gradually became the main crop and processing of fruit by drying or canning the predominant industry. The railroad reached San Jose in 1860.[6] The Valley of Heart's Delight[edit] The valley with its scenic beauty, mild climate, and thousands of acres of blooming fruit trees was known as "The Valley of Heart's Delight." Prunes were the major crop and were shipped internationally. Water was supplied from an artesian aquifer. When the water table dropped wells were pumped. Many orchards were small with housing and fruit growing in a dispersed pattern. Del Monte and Sunsweet are two brands which originated in the Santa Clara Valley. The need for workers greatly exceeded the local population. In the nineteenth century Chinese and Japanese immigrants met that need. Toward the end of the nineteenth century many Italians and other immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe came to the valley and worked in the orchards and canneries. During the 20th century there were Filipino immigrants and increasing numbers of immigrants from Mexico who during World War II became the dominant agricultural workforce. Italians, who often had experience with raising fruit trees in the old country, did well. The town of San Jose was dominated by its business community, in some part Irish Catholic (San Jose was never dominated by Anglo-Saxon Protestants), who had a self-contained social life which did not include immigrant labor.[7] However, in the twentieth century 3 Italian Catholic churches were established as was a Portuguese. There was marked prejudice against Asians, particularly Chinese, who gradually left the valley.[8] The Great Depression[edit] Deflation and overproduction severely hurt the orchards and packers of the Santa Clara Valley during the Great Depression. Bankrupt farmers from the Dust Bowl, the Okies, made the trek to California. Desperate to feed their families they joined a workforce that was itself impacted by unemployment. The growers, with record low prices and surplus supply, could pay little. Labor organizers and goon squads battled in the labor camps.[9] Woody Guthrie's songs were on the radio and he wrote a regular column in the San Francisco-based The Daily People's World. San Francisco had a strong labor union tradition which extended to Santa Clara County. During the "March Inland" organizing drive the International Longshore and Warehouse Union (ILWU) backed the Cannery and Agricultural Workers' Industrial Union (CAWIU), a Communist-controlled union headquartered in San Jose, which had considerable success organizing farm and cannery workers in the Santa Clara Valley and elsewhere in California[9] until it was suppressed and its leaders jailed in 1934 by the State of California following sustained attacks by business, political and reactionary forces which, in San Jose, resulted in an atmosphere of terror (the low point of which was a public lynching tacitly supported by James Rolph, the Governor of California).[10] The canneries, with a segregated seasonal work force of white women, were eventually organized, at first by an AFL-affiliated company union, but one which gradually evolved, thanks to rank and file efforts, into a union which genuinely represented cannery workers.[11] War and industry[edit] The fruit industry gradually recovered and by the early 1940s prosperity returned to the valley. Wartime production associated with World War II brought industry to the valley such as building of marine engines for Liberty ships by the Joshua Hendy Iron Works, an historic mining and mill machinery manufacturer, now Northrop Grumman Marine Systems[12] in Sunnyvale, landing craft were built by Food Machinery Corporation (FMC later built the M113 (APC) Armored Personnel Carrier and the Bradley Fighting Vehicle as well as the XR311 at its facility in Santa Clara), and an IBM factory began manufacturing punch cards in San Jose in 1943. About 1,000 Japanese were interned, losing substantial property. Wartime production drew workers, including women, from the orchards and canneries; they were replaced by Mexican Americans from Texas and California and by Mexican braceros. Neighborhoods in East San Jose, such as the Meadowfair district, became barrios. The Polaris missile was a Submarine Launched Ballistic Missile (SLBM) built during the Cold War by Lockheed Missiles & Space Division in Sunnyvale for the United States Navy while Northrop Grumman Marine Systems built the launch tubes and propulsion systems. For the most part the defense industries and traditional electronics manufacturers, with the exception of IBM, in the Santa Clara Valley were unionized, mainly by International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers, International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, and Teamsters. The United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America, a communist dominated union, but friendly to minority and women workers, gradually lost its place during the McCarthy era.[13] In the 1950s the transistor industry was established which led, together with Xerox and Stanford University research and the Digital Revolution, to the Valley becoming Silicon Valley, a premier electronic technology center.[14] San Jose[edit] In 1950 Dutch Hamann was appointed city manager of San Jose. Hamann's boosterism was supported by Joe Ridder, publisher of the San Jose Mercury. In power until 1969, Hamann created a master plan for San Jose and embarked on a program of annexation that increased the area of San Jose from 17 square miles to 136.7 square miles. The main bargaining chip was the superior sewage system built to handle cannery waste. To overcome resistance by school districts, who otherwise would have lost their tax base, annexed areas were allowed to maintain independent school districts. This resulted in some parts of the city such as East San Jose having low-quality segregated school systems with a low tax base while school systems in other parts of San Jose have an ample tax base and high-quality schools. The population of San Jose increased from 95 thousand in 1950 to 446 thousand in 1970. There were critics: Santa Clara County Planning Director Karl Belser, who opposed urban sprawl, commented. "Perhaps the only use we will ever find for the hydrogen bomb will be to erase this great mistake from the face of the earth." Housing for each additional 1000 people took 257 acres of land.[15] Silicon Valley[edit] The Santa Clara Valley region is the prosperous center of the global personal computer and internet industry. Manufacture of transistors is, or was, its core industry. Schools[edit] Funding for public schools in upscale communities in the Santa Clara Valley are often supplemented by grants from private foundations set up for that purpose and funded by local residents. Schools in less favorable demographics must depend on state funding.[16]

Cities and towns[edit] Looking west, across the valley, from Alum Rock Park over northern San Jose (downtown is at far left) and other parts of the valley. The valley runs north to south in the picture. Cities and towns in the Santa Clara Valley include (in alphabetical order): Campbell Cupertino Gilroy Hollister Los Gatos Los Altos Los Altos Hills Milpitas Monte Sereno Morgan Hill Mountain View Palo Alto San Martin San Jose San Juan Bautista Santa Clara Saratoga Sunnyvale Because so much high-tech industry has spread out from the Silicon Valley, Fremont and Newark, even though they are not in Santa Clara County, are often included in discussions about the Silicon Valley or, in the case of Fremont, is referred to as the Gateway to the Silicon Valley (a title also claimed occasionally by San Jose, Union City, and several other locations). Similarly, Palo Alto, while in Santa Clara County and considered part of Silicon Valley, is on the San Francisco Peninsula. San Jose is the major city of the South Bay South San Francisco Bay viewed from Mission Peak Regional Preserve in Fremont, California San Francisco South Bay[edit] The South Bay is a subregion of the San Francisco Bay Area, California, United States and is roughly synonymous with the Santa Clara Valley, Silicon Valley, and Santa Clara County (in general). The South Bay is one of several Subregions in the Bay Area including: San Francisco, the North Bay including parts of the Wine Country, the Peninsula, and the East Bay, among others. In addition to the primary cities listed above, although physically separated by the Santa Cruz mountains and in another county (Santa Cruz County), the following incorporated cities are infrequently considered part of the region: Capitola Hollister San Juan Bautista Santa Cruz Scotts Valley Watsonville Many other cities, towns or census-designated places are also sometimes considered part of the region, such as the San Lorenzo Valley towns between Saratoga and Santa Cruz. Some cities in the East Bay or especially on the Peninsula sometimes are referred to as part of the region. Many of these cities including Menlo Park, Redwood City, Newark, and Fremont are considered part of the Silicon Valley (and therefore the South Bay) because of their relative peripheral location to Santa Clara County, history, or concentration of high-tech companies. The conception of the South Bay as a region is relatively new compared to that of the Peninsula and coastal East Bay, and the cities of northwestern Santa Clara County (Palo Alto, Los Altos, Mountain View, and sometimes as far as Cupertino and Sunnyvale) maintain an identity more strongly connected to the Peninsula and the Stanford campus than the City of San Jose. Additionally, the counties of Santa Cruz and San Benito are considered part of the South Bay by the Bay Area media although the two counties are often considered to be their own subregion centered on the city of Santa Cruz.

Notable structures[edit] Palm trees are common throughout the city of San Jose and Silicon Valley There are a number of well known structures and sites of interest in the South Bay: Hewlett Packard, Palo Alto Stanford University, Palo Alto SAP Center, San Jose (originally the San Jose Arena and formerly Compaq Center and HP Pavilion) Hayes Mansion, South San Jose Plaza de César Chávez, downtown San Jose Cathedral Basilica of Saint Joseph, downtown San Jose Winchester Mystery House, West San Jose Santana Row, West San Jose Lick Observatory, San Jose Rosicrucian Egyptian Museum, Central San Jose Mexican Heritage Plaza, East San Jose History Park at Kelley Park, Central San Jose Children's Discovery Museum of San Jose, Downtown San Jose San Jose International Airport, San Jose San Jose Museum of Art, San Jose San Jose State University, San Jose Santa Clara University, Santa Clara (includes original Santa Clara Mission site) California's Great America, Santa Clara The Tech Museum of Innovation, San Jose Moffett Federal Airfield, Sunnyvale/Mountain View Further information: List of attractions in Silicon Valley

Geology[edit] Santa Clara Valley was created by the sudden growth of the Santa Cruz Mountains and the Diablo Range during the later Cenozoic era. This was a period of intense mountain building in California when the folding and thrusting of the Earth's crust, combined with active volcanism, gave shape to the present state of California. Hence, Santa Clara Valley is a structural valley, created by mountain building as opposed to an erosional valley, or a valley which has undergone the wearing away of the Earth's surface by natural agents. The underlying geology of the Santa Cruz Mountains was also formed by the sediment of the ancient seas, where marine shale points to Miocene origin. Today one can still find evidence of this in the Santa Cruz Mountains, where shark's teeth and the remains of maritime life are still found as high as Scotts Valley, a city nestled in the mountains.[17] The highest peak on the Santa Cruz Mountains side of the valley is Loma Prieta at 3,790 feet. The highest peak in the Diablo Range side of the valley is Mount Hamilton, specifically Copernicus Peak at 4,370 feet elevation. This is the highest peak in Santa Clara County. The valley is a graben between the San Andreas and Hayward faults.[18] Quicksilver mine[edit] 37,388 metric tons of mercury were extracted from the New Almaden mine south of San Jose and north west of Santa Cruz during the 19th century. The area, closed for many years, resulted in pollution of the Guadalupe River and South San Francisco Bay[19] After final cessation of intermittent mining operations during the 20th century the area was purchased by Santa Clara County for a park and designated a National Historic Landmark.[20]

Climate[edit] Looking west over northern San Jose (downtown is at far left) and other parts of Silicon Valley. See an up-to-the-minute view of San Jose from the Mount Hamilton web camera. The climate of the Santa Clara Valley in California is a Mediterranean climate[21] with warm, very dry summers and mild, fairly rainy winters. Today, the Valley attracts many people from the East Coast with its warm and sunny climate. The Santa Clara Valley receives on average 330 sunny days per year. The northern areas of the valley (such as Palo Alto or Mountain View) have greater marine influences with temperatures rarely rising above 85 °F (29 °C) while in the southern areas and near the mountains (such as Los Gatos, Morgan Hill, or Gilroy) the temperature frequently exceeds 95 °F (35 °C) in the summer months. Winter is the rainy season, but still quite sunny. Winter highs range form 57 °F (14 °C) to 66 °F (19 °C)[22] while lows range from 40 °F (4 °C) to 48 °F (9 °C). Summer highs range from 82 °F (28 °C) to 95 °F (35 °C) and summer lows range from 53 °F (12 °C) to 58 °F (14 °C). San Jose city streets are commonly lined with palm trees. The record high for the Santa Clara Valley was in Los Gatos on June 9, 2000 with a temperature of 114 °F (46 °C) and the record low was in Gilroy on December 23, 1990 with a temperature of 16 °F (−9 °C).[23] Temperatures drop below 40 °F (4 °C) on average of 17 days per year, below freezing on average of 4 days per year and below 30 °F (−1 °C) on average of 0 days per year (none). Temperatures[edit] Climate data for San Jose, California Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °F (°C) 83 (28) 85 (29) 87 (31) 95 (35) 101 (38) 109 (43) 108 (42) 105 (41) 104 (40) 101 (38) 85 (29) 83 (28) 109 (43) Average high °F (°C) 62 (17) 65 (18) 70 (21) 73 (23) 77 (25) 82 (28) 84 (29) 84 (29) 81 (27) 76 (24) 65 (18) 62 (17) 72.9 (22.7) Average low °F (°C) 43 (6) 45 (7) 46 (8) 48 (9) 52 (11) 55 (13) 57 (14) 57 (14) 56 (13) 52 (11) 45 (7) 43 (6) 49.8 (9.9) Record low °F (°C) 24 (−4) 26 (−3) 30 (−1) 35 (2) 37 (3) 42 (6) 47 (8) 47 (8) 42 (6) 36 (2) 21 (−6) 20 (−7) 20 (−7) Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.2 (81) 2.8 (71) 2.6 (66) 1.0 (25) 0.4 (10) 0.1 (3) 0.1 (3) 0.1 (3) 0.2 (5) 0.9 (23) 1.2 (30) 2.0 (51) 15.1 (384) Source:[24] . Climate data for Campbell, California Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °F (°C) 83 (28) 86 (30) 89 (32) 93 (34) 98 (37) 110 (43) 108 (42) 106 (41) 106 (41) 100 (38) 86 (30) 83 (28) 110 (43) Average high °F (°C) 63 (17) 66 (19) 71 (22) 75 (24) 79 (26) 82 (28) 85 (29) 85 (29) 82 (28) 76 (24) 66 (19) 63 (17) 74 (23) Average low °F (°C) 43 (6) 46 (8) 47 (8) 49 (9) 52 (11) 56 (13) 57 (14) 57 (14) 55 (13) 51 (11) 46 (8) 43 (6) 50 (10) Record low °F (°C) 22 (−6) 26 (−3) 29 (−2) 35 (2) 38 (3) 42 (6) 42 (6) 40 (4) 38 (3) 36 (2) 29 (−2) 19 (−7) 19 (−7) Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.7 (119) 4.1 (104) 2.6 (66) 0.6 (15) 0.3 (8) 0.1 (3) 0.1 (3) 0.1 (3) 0.3 (8) 0.7 (18) 2.5 (64) 4.3 (109) 21.6 (549) [citation needed] Climate data for Los Gatos, California Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °F (°C) 83 (28) 86 (30) 89 (32) 96 (36) 101 (38) 114 (46) 113 (45) 107 (42) 109 (43) 103 (39) 87 (31) 83 (28) 114 (46) Average high °F (°C) 63 (17) 66 (19) 72 (22) 76 (24) 80 (27) 84 (29) 86 (30) 86 (30) 84 (29) 77 (25) 66 (19) 63 (17) 75 (24) Average low °F (°C) 43 (6) 46 (8) 47 (8) 49 (9) 52 (11) 56 (13) 57 (14) 57 (14) 55 (13) 51 (11) 46 (8) 43 (6) 50 (10) Record low °F (°C) 22 (−6) 25 (−4) 28 (−2) 35 (2) 37 (3) 41 (5) 41 (5) 40 (4) 38 (3) 36 (2) 28 (−2) 19 (−7) 19 (−7) Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.9 (124) 4.1 (104) 2.8 (71) 0.6 (15) 0.3 (8) 0.1 (3) 0.1 (3) 0.1 (3) 0.3 (8) 0.7 (18) 2.8 (71) 4.8 (122) 22.8 (579) [citation needed] Climate data for Sunnyvale, California Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °F (°C) 75 (24) 84 (29) 85 (29) 94 (34) 100 (38) 107 (42) 105 (41) 101 (38) 105 (41) 100 (38) 89 (32) 75 (24) 107 (42) Average high °F (°C) 61 (16) 62 (17) 64 (18) 69 (21) 73 (23) 77 (25) 79 (26) 79 (26) 78 (26) 73 (23) 64 (18) 61 (16) 70 (21.3) Average low °F (°C) 42 (6) 43 (6) 46 (8) 47 (8) 51 (11) 55 (13) 57 (14) 57 (14) 55 (13) 50 (10) 44 (7) 42 (6) 49.1 (9.7) Record low °F (°C) 21 (−6) 24 (−4) 22 (−6) 31 (−1) 33 (1) 40 (4) 41 (5) 44 (7) 41 (5) 34 (1) 15 (−9) 20 (−7) 15 (−9) Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.24 (82.3) 3.18 (80.8) 2.65 (67.3) 0.89 (22.6) 0.35 (8.9) 0.11 (2.8) 0.03 (0.8) 0.08 (2) 0.19 (4.8) 0.85 (21.6) 1.83 (46.5) 2.31 (58.7) 15.71 (399.1) Source: National Weather Service[25] Climate data for Mountain View, California Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Average high °F (°C) 59 (15) 63 (17) 64 (18) 70 (21) 73 (23) 77 (25) 79 (26) 79 (26) 79 (26) 73 (23) 64 (18) 59 (15) 69.9 (21.1) Average low °F (°C) 41 (5) 43 (6) 46 (8) 46 (8) 52 (11) 52 (11) 52 (11) 52 (11) 52 (11) 48 (9) 45 (7) 41 (5) 47.5 (8.6) Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.24 (82.3) 3.181 (80.8) 2.65 (67.3) 0.89 (22.6) 0.35 (8.9) 0.11 (2.8) 0.031 (0.8) 0.079 (2.0) 0.189 (4.8) 0.85 (21.6) 1.831 (46.5) 2.311 (58.7) 15.712 (399.1) Source:

References[edit] San Francisco Bay Area portal ^ Valley of Heart's Delight : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive. (2001-03-10). Retrieved on 2013-07-21. ^ Golden Harvest...Fifty Years of Calpak Progress : California Packing Corporation, Industrial and Public Relations Department : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive. Retrieved on 2013-07-21. ^ Santa Clara. Retrieved on 2013-07-21. ^ Almaden Winery History from NCD. (1997-01-23). Retrieved on 2013-07-21. ^ [1][dead link] ^ Glenda Matthews (November 20, 2002). Silicon Valley, Women, and the California Dream: Gender, Class, and Opportunity in the Twentieth Century (trade paperback) (1 ed.). Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. p. 14. ISBN 978-0804747967. Retrieved January 16, 2015.  ^ Mary Bowden Carroll (1988). Ten Years in Paradise: Leaves from a Society Reporter's Note-Book (Reprint ed.). San Jose, California: San Jose Historical Museum Association. pp. entire book. Originally published in 1903  |access-date= requires |url= (help) ^ Glenda Matthews (November 20, 2002). Silicon Valley, Women, and the California Dream: Gender, Class, and Opportunity in the Twentieth Century (trade paperback) (1 ed.). Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. pp. 14–32. ISBN 978-0804747967. Retrieved January 16, 2015.  ^ a b Kate Bronfenbrenner, "California Farmworkers' Strikes of 1933", pages 79-83 in Labor conflict in the United States: An encyclopedia, edited by R. L. Filippelli, Garland Publishing, Inc. (1990) ISBN 082407968X ^ Glenda Matthews (November 20, 2002). Silicon Valley, Women, and the California Dream: Gender, Class, and Opportunity in the Twentieth Century (trade paperback) (1 ed.). Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. pp. 53–64. ISBN 978-0804747967. Retrieved January 16, 2015.  ^ Glenda Matthews (November 20, 2002). Silicon Valley, Women, and the California Dream: Gender, Class, and Opportunity in the Twentieth Century (trade paperback) (1 ed.). Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. pp. 48–80. ISBN 978-0804747967. Retrieved January 16, 2015.  ^ "Northrop Grumman Marine Systems Celebrates 100 Years in Operation in Sunnyvale, California". Retrieved 7 November 2017.  ^ Glenda Matthews (November 20, 2002). Silicon Valley, Women, and the California Dream: Gender, Class, and Opportunity in the Twentieth Century (trade paperback) (1 ed.). Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. pp. 119–22. ISBN 978-0804747967. Retrieved January 16, 2015.  ^ Glenda Matthews (November 20, 2002). Silicon Valley, Women, and the California Dream: Gender, Class, and Opportunity in the Twentieth Century (trade paperback) (1 ed.). Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. pp. 81–146. ISBN 978-0804747967. Retrieved January 16, 2015.  ^ Glenda Matthews (November 20, 2002). Silicon Valley, Women, and the California Dream: Gender, Class, and Opportunity in the Twentieth Century (trade paperback) (1 ed.). Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. pp. 95–102. ISBN 978-0804747967. Retrieved January 16, 2015.  ^ George Packer (May 27, 2013). "Change the World Silicon Valley transfers its slogans—and its money—to the realm of politics". The New Yorker. Retrieved July 30, 2015. In wealthy districts, the public schools have essentially been privatized; they insulate themselves from shortfalls in state funding with money raised by foundations they have set up for themselves.  ^ "Early History". Santa Clara County: California's Historic Silicon Valley. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-01-18.  ^ "Timeline of the history of water in Santa Clara County - Santa Clara Valley Water District". Retrieved 7 November 2017.  ^ "New Almaden Mine CERCLA Site". California Department of Fish and Wildlife. Retrieved June 17, 2016. LOCATION: Guadalupe River and South San Francisco Bay, Santa Clara County  ^ Almaden, New. "New Almaden Quicksilver County Park Association Homepage". Retrieved 7 November 2017.  ^ [2][dead link] ^ "Google Image Result". Retrieved 7 November 2017.  ^ [3][dead link] ^ "San Jose, CA Typical Weather". Accuweather. Retrieved 2 March 2009.  ^ "Vacation Planner". Weather Channel. Retrieved 2009-05-22. 

External links[edit] History San José collects, preserves and celebrates the stories of diversity and innovation in San José and the Santa Clara Valley

Further reading[edit] Yvonne Jacobson, Passing Farms, Enduring Values: California's Santa Clara Valley Robin Chapman, California Apricots:: The Lost Orchards of Silicon Valley v t e San Francisco Bay Area Bodies of water Bodega Bay Carquinez Strait Clifton Forebay Golden Gate Grizzly Bay Guadalupe River Half Moon Bay Lake Berryessa Napa River Oakland Estuary Petaluma River Richardson Bay Richmond Inner Harbor Russian River Sacramento River San Francisco Bay San Leandro Bay San Pablo Bay Sonoma Creek Suisun Bay Tomales Bay Counties Alameda Contra Costa Marin Napa San Francisco San Mateo Santa Clara Solano Sonoma Major cities San Jose San Francisco Oakland Cities and towns 100k–250k Antioch Berkeley Concord Daly City Fairfield Fremont Hayward Richmond Santa Clara Santa Rosa Sunnyvale Vallejo Cities and towns 50k–99k Alameda Brentwood Castro Valley Cupertino Livermore Milpitas Mountain View Napa Novato Palo Alto Petaluma Pittsburg Pleasanton Redwood City San Leandro San Mateo San Rafael San Ramon South San Francisco Union City Vacaville Walnut Creek Cities and towns 25k-50k Belmont Benicia Burlingame Campbell Danville Dublin East Palo Alto Foster City Gilroy Los Altos Los Gatos Martinez Menlo Park Morgan Hill Newark Oakley Pacifica Pleasant Hill Rohnert Park San Bruno San Carlos San Pablo Saratoga Suisun City Windsor Cities and towns 10k–25k Alamo Albany American Canyon Ashland Bay Point Cherryland Clayton Discovery Bay Dixon El Cerrito El Sobrante Emeryville Fairview Half Moon Bay Healdsburg Hercules Hillsborough Lafayette Larkspur Millbrae Mill Valley Moraga North Fair Oaks Orinda Piedmont Pinole San Anselmo San Lorenzo Sonoma Stanford Tamalpais-Homestead Valley Sub-regions East Bay North Bay San Francisco Peninsula Silicon Valley South Bay Politics Sports Transportation v t e  State of California Sacramento (capital) Topics Culture Food Music Myth Sports Demographics Earthquakes Economy Education Environment Geography Climate Ecology Flora Fauna Government Capitol Districts Governor Legislature Supreme Court Healthcare History Law National Historic Landmarks National Natural Landmarks NRHP listings Politics Congressional delegations Elections People Protected areas State Parks State Historic Landmarks Symbols Transportation Water Index of articles Regions Antelope Valley Big Sur California Coast Ranges Cascade Range Central California Central Coast Central Valley Channel Islands Coachella Valley Coastal California Conejo Valley Cucamonga Valley Death Valley East Bay (SF Bay Area) East County (SD) Eastern California Emerald Triangle Gold Country Great Basin Greater San Bernardino Inland Empire Klamath Basin Lake Tahoe Greater Los Angeles Los Angeles Basin Lost Coast Mojave Desert Mountain Empire North Bay (SF) North Coast North Coast (SD) Northern California Owens Valley Oxnard Plain Peninsular Ranges Pomona Valley Sacramento Valley Salinas Valley San Fernando Valley San Francisco Bay Area San Francisco Peninsula San Gabriel Valley San Joaquin Valley Santa Clara Valley Santa Clara River Valley Santa Clarita Valley Santa Ynez Valley Shasta Cascade Sierra Nevada Silicon Valley South Bay (LA) South Bay (SD) South Bay (SF) South Coast Southern Border Region Southern California Transverse Ranges Tri-Valley Victor Valley Wine Country Metro regions Metropolitan Fresno Los Angeles metropolitan area Greater Sacramento San Bernardino-Riverside metropolitan area San Francisco metropolitan area San Diego–Tijuana Counties Alameda Alpine Amador Butte Calaveras Colusa Contra Costa Del Norte El Dorado Fresno Glenn Humboldt Imperial Inyo Kern Kings Lake Lassen Los Angeles Madera Marin Mariposa Mendocino Merced Modoc Mono Monterey Napa Nevada Orange Placer Plumas Riverside Sacramento San Benito San Bernardino San Diego San Francisco San Joaquin San Luis Obispo San Mateo Santa Barbara Santa Clara Santa Cruz Shasta Sierra Siskiyou Solano Sonoma Stanislaus Sutter Tehama Trinity Tulare Tuolumne Ventura Yolo Yuba Most populous cities Los Angeles San Diego San Jose San Francisco Fresno Sacramento Long Beach Oakland Bakersfield Anaheim Coordinates: 37°22′01″N 121°59′02″W / 37.36694°N 121.98389°W / 37.36694; -121.98389 Retrieved from "" Categories: Valleys of San Benito County, CaliforniaValleys of Santa Clara County, CaliforniaSilicon ValleySubregions of the San Francisco Bay AreaCalifornia wineValleys of CaliforniaHidden categories: All articles with dead external linksArticles with dead external links from November 2017Pages using citations with accessdate and no URLAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from August 2010Coordinates on Wikidata

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Santa Clara River ValleySanta Clara Valley AVASilicon ValleySan Francisco BayNorthern CaliforniaSilicon ValleySanta Clara County, CaliforniaSan Jose, CaliforniaMission Santa ClaraEnlargeGilroy, CaliforniaSilicon ValleySan Francisco PeninsulaSouth Bay (San Francisco Bay Area)Santa Clara Valley AVASan Francisco BayHollister, CaliforniaSanta Cruz MountainsDiablo RangeSan Jose, CaliforniaMission Santa Clara De AsísOhlone PeopleMexican–American WarSanta Clara UniversityPruneArtesian AquiferDel Monte FoodsSunsweetHorticultureDeflationOverproductionGreat DepressionDust BowlOkieWoody GuthriePeople's WorldInternational Longshore And Warehouse UnionInternational Longshore And Warehouse UnionCannery And Agricultural Workers' Industrial UnionCommunist Party USAJames RolphLiberty ShipJoshua Hendy Iron WorksNorthrop GrummanSunnyvale, CaliforniaLanding Vehicle TrackedFMC CorporationM113 Armored Personnel CarrierM2 BradleyFMC XR311Santa Clara, CaliforniaIBMPunched CardInternment Of Japanese AmericansRosie The RiveterMexican AmericanBracero ProgramMeadowfairBarrioUGM-27 PolarisInternational Association Of Machinists And Aerospace WorkersInternational Brotherhood Of Electrical WorkersUnited Electrical, Radio And Machine Workers Of AmericaTransistorPARC (company)Stanford UniversityDigital RevolutionSilicon ValleyA. P. HamannCity ManagerKnight RidderSan Jose Mercury NewsUrban PlanningAnnexationSewage Collection And DisposalEast San JoseUrban SprawlSilicon ValleyPersonal ComputerInternetTransistorEnlargeAlum Rock ParkSan Jose, CaliforniaCampbell, CaliforniaCupertino, CaliforniaGilroy, CaliforniaHollister, CaliforniaLos Gatos, CaliforniaLos Altos, CaliforniaLos Altos Hills, CaliforniaMilpitas, CaliforniaMonte Sereno, CaliforniaMorgan Hill, CaliforniaMountain View, CaliforniaPalo Alto, CaliforniaSan Martin, CaliforniaSan Jose, CaliforniaSan Juan Bautista, CaliforniaSanta Clara, CaliforniaSaratoga, CaliforniaSunnyvale, CaliforniaFremont, CaliforniaNewark, CaliforniaUnion City, CaliforniaPalo Alto, CaliforniaSanta Clara County, CaliforniaSilicon ValleySan Francisco PeninsulaEnlargeSan Jose, CaliforniaEnlargeMission PeakFremont, CaliforniaSubregionSan Francisco Bay AreaCaliforniaSilicon ValleySanta Clara CountyBay AreaNorth Bay (San Francisco Bay Area)Wine Country (California)San Francisco PeninsulaEast Bay (San Francisco Bay Area)Santa Cruz County, CaliforniaCapitola, CaliforniaHollister, CaliforniaSan Juan Bautista, CaliforniaSanta Cruz, CaliforniaScotts Valley, CaliforniaWatsonville, CaliforniaCensus-designated PlaceSan Lorenzo ValleySaratoga, CaliforniaSanta Cruz, CaliforniaHigh-techStanfordSanta Cruz County, CaliforniaSan Benito County, CaliforniaEnlargeSan Jose, CaliforniaSilicon ValleyHewlett PackardStanford UniversitySAP CenterHayes MansionPlaza De César ChávezCathedral Basilica Of St. Joseph (San Jose)Winchester Mystery HouseSantana RowLick ObservatoryRosicrucian Egyptian MuseumMexican Heritage PlazaHistory Park At Kelley ParkChildren's Discovery Museum Of San JoseSan Jose International AirportSan Jose Museum Of ArtSan Jose State UniversitySanta Clara UniversityCalifornia's Great AmericaThe Tech Museum Of InnovationMoffett Federal AirfieldList Of Attractions In Silicon ValleySanta Cruz MountainsDiablo RangeCenozoicCrust (geology)VolcanoSedimentShaleMioceneSharkScotts Valley, CaliforniaLoma PrietaDiablo RangeMount Hamilton (California)Santa Clara CountyGrabenSan Andreas FaultHayward FaultMercury (element)New AlmadenSanta Cruz, CaliforniaNational Historic LandmarkEnlargeCaliforniaMediterranean ClimateEast Coast Of The United StatesYearPalo Alto, CaliforniaMountain View, CaliforniaSanta Cruz MountainsLos Gatos, CaliforniaMorgan Hill, CaliforniaGilroy, CaliforniaEnlargeArecaceaePrecipitationPrecipitationWikipedia:Citation NeededPrecipitationWikipedia:Citation NeededPrecipitationPrecipitationPortal:San Francisco Bay AreaWikipedia:Link RotStanford University PressInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0804747967Help:CS1 ErrorsStanford University PressInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0804747967International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/082407968XStanford University PressInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0804747967Stanford University PressInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0804747967Stanford University PressInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0804747967Stanford University PressInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0804747967Stanford University PressInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0804747967National Park ServiceWikipedia:Link RotWikipedia:Link RotAccuweatherTemplate:SF Bay AreaTemplate Talk:SF Bay AreaSan Francisco Bay AreaBodega BayCarquinez StraitClifton Court ForebayGolden GateGrizzly BayGuadalupe River (California)Half Moon Bay (California)Lake BerryessaNapa RiverOakland EstuaryPetaluma RiverRichardson BayRichmond Inner HarborRussian River (California)Sacramento RiverSan Francisco BaySan Leandro BaySan Pablo BaySonoma CreekSuisun BayTomales BaySan Francisco Bay AreaAlameda County, CaliforniaContra Costa County, CaliforniaMarin County, CaliforniaNapa County, CaliforniaSan FranciscoSan Mateo County, CaliforniaSanta Clara County, CaliforniaSolano County, CaliforniaSonoma County, CaliforniaSan Jose, CaliforniaSan FranciscoOakland, CaliforniaAntioch, CaliforniaBerkeley, CaliforniaConcord, CaliforniaDaly City, CaliforniaFairfield, CaliforniaFremont, CaliforniaHayward, CaliforniaRichmond, CaliforniaSanta Clara, CaliforniaSanta Rosa, CaliforniaSunnyvale, CaliforniaVallejo, CaliforniaAlameda, CaliforniaBrentwood, CaliforniaCastro Valley, CaliforniaCupertino, CaliforniaLivermore, CaliforniaMilpitas, CaliforniaMountain View, CaliforniaNapa, CaliforniaNovato, CaliforniaPalo Alto, CaliforniaPetaluma, CaliforniaPittsburg, CaliforniaPleasanton, CaliforniaRedwood City, CaliforniaSan Leandro, CaliforniaSan Mateo, CaliforniaSan Rafael, CaliforniaSan Ramon, CaliforniaSouth San Francisco, CaliforniaUnion City, CaliforniaVacaville, CaliforniaWalnut Creek, CaliforniaBelmont, CaliforniaBenicia, CaliforniaBurlingame, CaliforniaCampbell, CaliforniaDanville, CaliforniaDublin, CaliforniaEast Palo Alto, CaliforniaFoster City, CaliforniaGilroy, CaliforniaLos Altos, CaliforniaLos Gatos, CaliforniaMartinez, CaliforniaMenlo Park, CaliforniaMorgan Hill, CaliforniaNewark, CaliforniaOakley, CaliforniaPacifica, CaliforniaPleasant Hill, CaliforniaRohnert Park, CaliforniaSan Bruno, CaliforniaSan Carlos, CaliforniaSan Pablo, CaliforniaSaratoga, CaliforniaSuisun City, CaliforniaWindsor, CaliforniaAlamo, CaliforniaAlbany, CaliforniaAmerican Canyon, CaliforniaAshland, CaliforniaBay Point, CaliforniaCherryland, CaliforniaClayton, CaliforniaDiscovery Bay, CaliforniaDixon, CaliforniaEl Cerrito, CaliforniaEl Sobrante, CaliforniaEmeryville, CaliforniaFairview, CaliforniaHalf Moon Bay, CaliforniaHealdsburg, CaliforniaHercules, CaliforniaHillsborough, CaliforniaLafayette, CaliforniaLarkspur, CaliforniaMillbrae, CaliforniaMill Valley, CaliforniaMoraga, CaliforniaNorth Fair Oaks, CaliforniaOrinda, CaliforniaPiedmont, CaliforniaPinole, CaliforniaSan Anselmo, CaliforniaSan Lorenzo, CaliforniaSonoma, CaliforniaStanford, CaliforniaTamalpais-Homestead Valley, CaliforniaEast Bay (San Francisco Bay Area)North Bay (San Francisco Bay Area)San Francisco PeninsulaSilicon ValleySanta Clara ValleyPolitics In The San Francisco Bay AreaSports In The San Francisco Bay AreaTransportation In The San Francisco Bay AreaTemplate:CaliforniaTemplate Talk:CaliforniaU.S. StateCaliforniaSacramento, CaliforniaOutline Of CaliforniaCulture Of CaliforniaCuisine Of CaliforniaMusic Of CaliforniaCalifornia SoundSports In CaliforniaDemographics Of CaliforniaList Of Earthquakes In CaliforniaEconomy Of CaliforniaEducation In CaliforniaEnvironment Of CaliforniaGeography Of CaliforniaClimate Of CaliforniaEcology Of CaliforniaCalifornia Floristic ProvinceFauna Of CaliforniaGovernment Of CaliforniaCalifornia State CapitolDistricts In CaliforniaGovernor Of CaliforniaCalifornia State LegislatureSupreme Court Of CaliforniaHealthcare In CaliforniaHistory Of CaliforniaLaw Of CaliforniaList Of National Historic Landmarks In CaliforniaList Of National Natural Landmarks In CaliforniaNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In CaliforniaPolitics Of CaliforniaUnited States Congressional Delegations From CaliforniaElections In CaliforniaList Of People From CaliforniaCalifornia Protected AreasList Of California State ParksList Of California Historical LandmarksList Of California State SymbolsTransportation In CaliforniaWater In CaliforniaIndex Of California-related ArticlesList Of Regions Of CaliforniaAntelope ValleyBig SurCalifornia Coast RangesCascade RangeCentral CaliforniaCentral Coast (California)Central Valley (California)Channel Islands Of CaliforniaCoachella ValleyCoastal CaliforniaConejo ValleyCucamonga ValleyDeath ValleyEast Bay (San Francisco Bay Area)East County, San DiegoEastern CaliforniaEmerald TriangleGold CountryGreat BasinSan Bernardino ValleyInland EmpireKlamath BasinLake TahoeGreater Los Angeles AreaLos Angeles BasinLost CoastMojave DesertMountain Empire, San DiegoNorth Bay (San Francisco Bay Area)North Coast (California)North County (San Diego Area)Northern CaliforniaOwens ValleyOxnard PlainPeninsular RangesPomona ValleySacramento ValleySalinas ValleySan Fernando ValleySan Francisco Bay AreaSan Francisco PeninsulaSan Gabriel ValleySan Joaquin ValleySanta Clara River ValleySanta Clarita ValleySanta Ynez ValleyShasta CascadeSierra Nevada (U.S.)Silicon ValleySouth Bay, Los AngelesSouth Bay, San DiegoSouth Bay (San Francisco Bay Area)South Coast (California)Southern Border Region (California)Southern CaliforniaTransverse RangesTri-ValleyVictor ValleyWine Country (California)Metropolitan Statistical AreaMetropolitan FresnoLos Angeles Metropolitan AreaSacramento Metropolitan AreaInland EmpireSan Francisco Bay Area Combined Statistical AreaSan Diego–TijuanaList Of Counties In CaliforniaAlameda County, CaliforniaAlpine County, CaliforniaAmador County, CaliforniaButte County, CaliforniaCalaveras County, CaliforniaColusa County, CaliforniaContra Costa County, CaliforniaDel Norte County, CaliforniaEl Dorado County, CaliforniaFresno County, CaliforniaGlenn County, CaliforniaHumboldt County, CaliforniaImperial County, CaliforniaInyo County, CaliforniaKern County, CaliforniaKings County, CaliforniaLake County, CaliforniaLassen County, CaliforniaLos Angeles County, CaliforniaMadera County, CaliforniaMarin County, CaliforniaMariposa County, CaliforniaMendocino County, CaliforniaMerced County, CaliforniaModoc County, CaliforniaMono County, CaliforniaMonterey County, CaliforniaNapa County, CaliforniaNevada County, CaliforniaOrange County, CaliforniaPlacer County, CaliforniaPlumas County, CaliforniaRiverside County, CaliforniaSacramento County, CaliforniaSan Benito County, CaliforniaSan Bernardino County, CaliforniaSan Diego County, CaliforniaSan FranciscoSan Joaquin County, CaliforniaSan Luis Obispo County, CaliforniaSan Mateo County, CaliforniaSanta Barbara County, CaliforniaSanta Clara County, CaliforniaSanta Cruz County, CaliforniaShasta County, CaliforniaSierra County, CaliforniaSiskiyou County, CaliforniaSolano County, CaliforniaSonoma County, CaliforniaStanislaus County, CaliforniaSutter County, CaliforniaTehama County, CaliforniaTrinity County, CaliforniaTulare County, CaliforniaTuolumne County, CaliforniaVentura County, CaliforniaYolo County, CaliforniaYuba County, CaliforniaList Of Cities And Towns In CaliforniaLos AngelesSan DiegoSan Jose, CaliforniaSan FranciscoFresno, CaliforniaSacramento, CaliforniaLong Beach, CaliforniaOakland, CaliforniaBakersfield, CaliforniaAnaheim, CaliforniaGeographic Coordinate SystemHelp:CategoryCategory:Valleys Of San Benito County, CaliforniaCategory:Valleys Of Santa Clara County, CaliforniaCategory:Silicon ValleyCategory:Subregions Of The San Francisco Bay AreaCategory:California WineCategory:Valleys Of CaliforniaCategory:All Articles With Dead External LinksCategory:Articles With Dead External Links From November 2017Category:Pages Using Citations With Accessdate And No URLCategory:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles 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