Contents 1 Geography 2 History 3 Landmarks 4 See also 5 References

Geography[edit] The San Rafael Hills contain all or parts of the communities of La Cañada Flintridge, Pasadena, South Pasadena, San Marino, El Sereno, Monterey Hills, Montecito Heights, Cypress Park, Mount Washington, Glassell Park and foothills surrounding Eagle Rock, east of the Glendale Freeway including Rancho San Rafael and Chevy Chase Canyon in Glendale. They define the valley area of Pasadena and San Marino, and retain a large aquifer on the hills' north side, from the San Gabriel Valley.

History[edit] They were the homeland, with settlements, of the Tongva Native American people for over 8,000 years before the Spanish invasion and colonization of the late 18th century. The El Molino Viejo with a zanja (dirt aqueduct) was built in the hills in 1816 by the nearby Mission San Gabriel Arcángel.[2] They are named after the Rancho San Rafael, an 1874 Spanish land grant beyond the hills to the west. An 1838 Mexican land grant established the Rancho Huerta de Cuati in the hills in 1838. The rancho was later acquired by Henry E. Huntington for his residence, gardens, and library, and real estate development. The Huntington Hotel was developed in 1914 on the southern side.[2]

Landmarks[edit] The Huntington Library and Botanic Gardens, The hillside campus of Art Center College of Design, the Edwin Hubble House, and El Molino Viejo (all National Register of Historic Places and California Historical Landmarks) are located in the San Rafael Hills, as is San Marino's Lacy Park.[3] Ernest E. Debs Regional Park is a large nature preserve and regional park in the western section of the hills, with walking and bicycle trails.

See also[edit] Verdugo Mountains Chino Hills Puente Hills San Gabriel Mountains

References[edit] ^ a b "San Rafael Hills". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-05-04.  ^ a b access date: 6/1/2010 ^ access date: 5/4/2010 Retrieved from "" Categories: San Rafael HillsTransverse RangesMountain ranges of Los Angeles County, CaliforniaHills of CaliforniaGeography of Los AngelesGeography of Pasadena, CaliforniaGeography of the San Gabriel ValleyArroyo Seco (Los Angeles County)Northeast Los AngelesSan Gabriel MountainsEagle Rock, Los AngelesGlassell Park, Los AngelesHighland Park, Los AngelesLa Cañada Flintridge, CaliforniaLincoln Heights, Los AngelesMontecito Heights, Los AngelesSan Marino, CaliforniaSouth Pasadena, CaliforniaMountain ranges of Southern CaliforniaHidden categories: Coordinates on Wikidata

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San Rafael MountainsSan Rafael Hills Is Located In CaliforniaCaliforniaSummitLos Angeles County, CaliforniaSan Marino, CaliforniaGeographic Coordinate SystemGeographic Coordinate SystemMountain RangeTransverse RangesTopographic MapUSGSLos Angeles County, CaliforniaCaliforniaTransverse RangesSan Gabriel MountainsSan Gabriel ValleyLos Angeles BasinLa Cañada Flintridge, CaliforniaPasadena, CaliforniaSouth Pasadena, CaliforniaSan Marino, CaliforniaEl Sereno, Los AngelesMonterey Hills, Los AngelesMontecito Heights, Los AngelesCypress Park, Los AngelesMount Washington, Los AngelesGlassell Park, Los AngelesEagle Rock, Los AngelesGlendale FreewayRancho San RafaelGlendale, CaliforniaAquiferTongva PeopleMission IndiansCalifornia Mission Clash Of CulturesSpanish Colonization Of The AmericasEl Molino ViejoAqueduct (water Supply)Mission San Gabriel ArcángelRancho San RafaelRanchos Of CaliforniaRancho Huerta De CuatiRanchos Of CaliforniaHenry E. HuntingtonThe Huntington LibraryHuntington Desert GardenArt Center College Of DesignEdwin Hubble HouseEl Molino ViejoNational Register Of Historic PlacesCalifornia Historical LandmarkLacy ParkErnest E. Debs Regional ParkRegional ParkVerdugo MountainsChino HillsPuente HillsSan Gabriel MountainsGeographic Names Information SystemUnited States Geological SurveyHelp:CategoryCategory:San Rafael HillsCategory:Transverse RangesCategory:Mountain Ranges Of Los Angeles County, CaliforniaCategory:Hills Of CaliforniaCategory:Geography Of Los AngelesCategory:Geography Of Pasadena, CaliforniaCategory:Geography Of The San Gabriel ValleyCategory:Arroyo Seco (Los Angeles County)Category:Northeast Los AngelesCategory:San Gabriel MountainsCategory:Eagle Rock, Los AngelesCategory:Glassell Park, Los AngelesCategory:Highland Park, Los AngelesCategory:La Cañada Flintridge, CaliforniaCategory:Lincoln Heights, Los AngelesCategory:Montecito Heights, Los AngelesCategory:San Marino, CaliforniaCategory:South Pasadena, CaliforniaCategory:Mountain Ranges Of Southern CaliforniaCategory:Coordinates On WikidataDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

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