Contents 1 History 2 Geography 2.1 Climate 2.2 Adjacent counties and municipalities 2.3 National protected areas 2.4 State parks and protected areas 2.5 Mountains 2.6 Bays and lagoons 2.7 Lakes 2.8 Rivers 3 Demographics 3.1 Race 3.2 Other demographics 3.3 Income 4 Government 5 Politics 5.1 Voting 5.2 Federal and state representation 6 Crime 6.1 Cities by population and crime rates 7 Economy 7.1 Agriculture 7.2 Tourism 8 Education 9 Military 9.1 U.S. Navy 9.2 U.S. Marine Corps 9.3 U.S. Coast Guard 10 Culture 10.1 Sports 10.2 Sites of interest 11 Media 11.1 Newspapers 11.2 Other media 12 Transportation 12.1 Major highways 12.2 Border crossings to Mexico 12.3 Railroads 12.4 Light rail and local transit 12.5 The Port of San Diego 12.6 Airports 13 Communities 13.1 Cities 13.2 Census-designated places 13.3 Unincorporated communities 13.4 Indian reservations 13.5 Population ranking 14 See also 15 Notes 16 References 17 Further reading 18 External links


History[edit] Main article: History of San Diego The area which is now San Diego County has been inhabited for more than 12,000 years by Kumeyaay (also called Diegueno and Ipai/Tipai), Luiseño, Cupeño and Cahuilla Indians and their local predecessors.[12] In 1542, the explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, who may have been born in Portugal but sailed on behalf of Spain, claimed San Diego Bay for the Spanish Empire, and he named the site San Miguel.[13] In November 1602, Sebastián Vizcaíno surveyed the harbor and what are now Mission Bay and Point Loma and named the area for Saint Didacus, a Spaniard more commonly known as San Diego.[14] European settlement in what is now San Diego County began with the founding of the San Diego Presidio and Mission San Diego de Alcalá by Spanish soldiers and clerics in 1769.[15] This county was part of Alta California under the Viceroyalty of New Spain until the Mexican declaration of independence. From 1821 through 1848 this area was part of Mexico. San Diego County became part of the United States as a result of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848, ending the Mexican–American War. This treaty designated the new border as terminating at a point on the Pacific Ocean coast which would result in the border passing one Spanish league south of the southernmost portion of San Diego Bay, thus ensuring that the United States received all of this natural harbor. San Diego County was one of the original counties of California, created at the time of California statehood in 1850.[16]:221 At the time of its establishment in 1850, San Diego County was relatively large, and included all of southernmost California south and east of Los Angeles County. It included areas of what are now Inyo and San Bernardino Counties, as well as all of what are now Riverside and Imperial Counties.[16]:221 During the later part of the 19th century, there were numerous changes in the boundaries of San Diego County, when various areas were separated to make up the counties mentioned above. The most recent changes were the establishments of Riverside County in 1893[16]:207 and Imperial County in 1907.[16]:113 Imperial County was also the last county to be established in California, and after this division, San Diego no longer extended from the Pacific Ocean to the Colorado River, and it no longer covered the entire border between California and Mexico.


Geography[edit] Many of the cities seen from the sky as part of the San Diego-Tijuana metropolitan area. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 4,526 square miles (11,720 km2), of which 4,207 square miles (10,900 km2) is land and 319 square miles (830 km2) (7.0%) is water.[17] The county is larger in area than the combined states of Rhode Island and Delaware.[18] San Diego County has a varied topography. On its western side is more than 70 miles (110 km) of coastline.[19] Most of San Diego between the coast and the Laguna Mountains consists of hills, mesas, and small canyons. Snow-capped (in winter) mountains rise to the east, with the Sonoran Desert farther to the east. Cleveland National Forest is spread across the central portion of the county, while the Anza-Borrego Desert State Park occupies most of the northeast. Although the county's western third is primarily urban, the mountains and deserts in the eastern two-thirds are primarily undeveloped backcountry. Most of these backcountry areas are home to a native plant community known as chaparral. San Diego County contains more than a million acres (4,000 km²) of chaparral, twice as much as any other California county.[20] North San Diego County is known as North County; the exact geographic definitions of "North County" vary, but it includes the northern suburbs and sometimes certain northern neighborhoods of the City of San Diego. The eastern suburbs are collectively known as East County, though most still lie in the western third of the county. The southern suburbs and southern detached portion of the city of San Diego, extending to the Mexican border, are collectively referred to as South Bay. Periodically the area has been subject to wildfires that force thousands to evacuate. The most recent are the December 2017 Lilac Fire and the May 2014 San Diego County wildfires; before them was the Witch Creek Fire in 2007 and the Cedar Fire in 2003. California defines a fire season in which fires are most likely to occur, usually between late July and late October (which are the driest months of the area). Signs posted in numerous spots of the county provide information on the level of threats from fires based on weather conditions.[citation needed] Climate[edit] Main article: Climate of San Diego, California Cleveland National Forest Under the Köppen climate classification system, the urban and suburban San Diego area straddles areas of Mediterranean climate (CSa) to the north and semi-arid climate (BSh) to the south and east.[21] As a result, it is often described as "arid Mediterranean" and "semi-arid steppe". Farther east, arid desert conditions prevail. Western San Diego's climate is characterized by warm, dry summers and mild winters with most of the annual precipitation falling between November and March. The city has mild, mostly dry weather, with an average of 201 days above 70 °F (21 °C) and low rainfall (9–13 inches (23–33 cm) annually). Summer temperatures are generally warm, with average highs of 70–78 °F (21–26 °C) and lows of 55–66 °F (13–19 °C). Temperatures exceed 90 °F (32 °C) only four days a year. Most rainfall occurs from November to April. Winter temperatures are mild, with average high temperatures of 66–70 °F (19–21 °C) and lows of 50–56 °F (10–13 °C). The climate in the San Diego area, like much of California, often varies significantly over short geographical distances resulting in microclimates. In San Diego's case this is mainly due to the city's topography (the Bay, and the numerous hills, mountains, and canyons). Frequently, particularly during the "May gray/June gloom" period, a thick marine layer will keep the air cool and damp within a few miles of the coast, but will yield to bright cloudless sunshine approximately 5–10 miles (8.0–16.1 km) inland. This happens every year in May and June.[22] Even in the absence of June gloom, inland areas tend to experience much more significant temperature variations than coastal areas, where the ocean serves as a moderating influence. Thus, for example, downtown San Diego averages January lows of 48 °F (9 °C) and August highs of 77 °F (25 °C).[23] The city of El Cajon, just 10 miles (16 km) northeast of downtown San Diego, averages January lows of 42 °F (6 °C) and August highs of 89 °F (32 °C).[24] Julian, in the mountains, has an average January low of 29 °F (−2 °C) and August high of 85 °F (29 °C).[25] Borrego Springs, in the Colorado Desert, has an average January low of 29 °F (−2 °C) and August high of 106 °F (41 °C).[26] Rainfall along the coast averages about 10 inches (25 cm) of precipitation annually, which occurs mainly during the cooler months of December through April. Though there are few wet days per month during the rainy period, rainfall can be heavy when it does occur. However, the rainfall is greater in the higher elevations of San Diego. Some of the higher areas of San Diego, such as Palomar Mountain and the Laguna Mountains, receive 20–40 inches (51–102 cm) of rain per year, supporting lush forests similar to the Sierra Nevada and California Coast Range. The Colorado Desert portion of the county lies to the east of the mountains, which receives the least amount of precipitation; Borrego Springs, the largest population center in the desert, averages only 5 inches (13 cm), with a high evaporation rate. Climate data for San Diego Int'l Airport (1981–2010 normals,[a] extremes 1874–present)[b] Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °F (°C) 88 (31) 90 (32) 99 (37) 98 (37) 98 (37) 101 (38) 100 (38) 98 (37) 111 (44) 107 (42) 100 (38) 88 (31) 111 (44) Mean maximum °F (°C) 78.4 (25.8) 79.2 (26.2) 79.8 (26.6) 82.8 (28.2) 79.0 (26.1) 81.2 (27.3) 83.2 (28.4) 85.4 (29.7) 89.5 (31.9) 86.8 (30.4) 82.9 (28.3) 76.6 (24.8) 94.1 (34.5) Average high °F (°C) 65.1 (18.4) 65.0 (18.3) 65.6 (18.7) 67.5 (19.7) 68.5 (20.3) 70.8 (21.6) 74.6 (23.7) 76.4 (24.7) 75.9 (24.4) 72.8 (22.7) 69.0 (20.6) 64.7 (18.2) 69.7 (20.9) Average low °F (°C) 49.0 (9.4) 50.7 (10.4) 53.2 (11.8) 55.9 (13.3) 59.4 (15.2) 62.0 (16.7) 65.4 (18.6) 66.7 (19.3) 65.2 (18.4) 60.6 (15.9) 53.6 (12) 48.4 (9.1) 57.5 (14.2) Mean minimum °F (°C) 41.9 (5.5) 44.6 (7) 47.1 (8.4) 50.7 (10.4) 55.0 (12.8) 59.1 (15.1) 62.5 (16.9) 63.3 (17.4) 60.4 (15.8) 54.4 (12.4) 45.8 (7.7) 41.4 (5.2) 40.3 (4.6) Record low °F (°C) 25 (−4) 34 (1) 36 (2) 39 (4) 45 (7) 50 (10) 54 (12) 54 (12) 50 (10) 43 (6) 36 (2) 32 (0) 25 (−4) Average rainfall inches (mm) 1.98 (50.3) 2.27 (57.7) 1.81 (46) 0.78 (19.8) 0.12 (3) 0.07 (1.8) 0.03 (0.8) 0.02 (0.5) 0.15 (3.8) 0.57 (14.5) 1.01 (25.7) 1.53 (38.9) 10.34 (262.6) Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 in) 6.7 7.1 6.5 4.0 1.4 0.8 0.7 0.4 1.2 2.8 4.1 5.8 41.5 Average relative humidity (%) 63.1 65.7 67.3 67.0 70.6 74.0 74.6 74.1 72.7 69.4 66.3 63.7 69.0 Mean monthly sunshine hours 239.3 227.4 261.0 276.2 250.5 242.4 304.7 295.0 253.3 243.4 230.1 231.3 3,054.6 Percent possible sunshine 75 74 70 71 58 57 70 71 68 69 73 74 69 Source: NOAA (sun and relative humidity 1961–1990)[28][29][30] Adjacent counties and municipalities[edit] San Diego Orange Riverside Imperial Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico Tecate, Baja California, Mexico Pacific Ocean Counties adjacent to San Diego County, California Beach at Border State Park; San Diego is on the right while Tijuana is on the left. Border fence between Tijuana (right) and San Diego's border patrol offices (left) National protected areas[edit] Cabrillo National Monument Cleveland National Forest (part) San Diego National Wildlife Refuge Complex,[31] which includes San Diego National Wildlife Refuge[32] San Diego Bay National Wildlife Refuge[33] Tijuana Slough National Wildlife Refuge[34] Seal Beach National Wildlife Refuge (located in Orange County)[35] There are seven official wilderness areas in San Diego County that are part of the National Wilderness Preservation System. Four of these are integral parts of Cleveland National Forest, whereas three are managed by the Bureau of Land Management. Some of these extend into neighboring counties (as indicated below): Otay Mountain Wilderness (BLM) Pine Creek Wilderness (Cleveland National Forest) Hauser Wilderness (Cleveland National Forest) Carrizo Gorge Wilderness (BLM) Sawtooth Mountains Wilderness (BLM) Agua Tibia Wilderness (Cleveland National Forest) partly in Riverside County San Mateo Canyon Wilderness (Cleveland National Forest) mostly in Riverside County State parks and protected areas[edit] Anza-Borrego Desert State Park (part) Torrey Pines State Reserve Cuyamaca Rancho State Park Palomar Mountain State Park San Pasqual Battlefield State Historic Park Old Town San Diego State Historic Park Border Field State Park Tijuana River National Estuarine Research Reserve San Onofre State Beach Moonlight State Beach Carlsbad State Beach South Carlsbad State Beach Leucadia State Beach San Elijo State Beach Cardiff State Beach Torrey Pines State Beach Silver Strand State Beach Mountains[edit] Cuyamaca Mountains In-Ko-Pah Mountains Jacumba Mountains Laguna Mountains Palomar Mountain Peninsular Ranges San Ysidro Mountains Santa Ana Mountains Volcan Mountains There are 236 mountain summits and peaks in San Diego County[36] including: Black Mountain Cuyamaca Peak (second highest point in San Diego County) Cowles Mountain (highest point in the city of San Diego) Mount Helix Hot Springs Mountain (highest point in San Diego County) Margarita Peak Mount Soledad Stonewall Mountain Bays and lagoons[edit] Buena Vista Lagoon Agua Hedionda Lagoon Batiquitos Lagoon San Elijo Lagoon Los Peñasquitos Lagoon Mission Bay San Diego Bay Lakes[edit] Lake Cuyamaca Lake Hodges Santee Lakes Sweetwater Reservoir Upper Otay Reservoir Lower Otay Reservoir Lake Wohlford El Capitan Reservoir Sutherland Reservoir Lake Henshaw Lake Murray San Vicente Reservoir Lake Jennings Barrett Reservoir Natural Rock Tanks Little Laguna Lake Big Laguna Lake Big Lake Twin Lakes Jean Lake Lost Lake Swan Lake Lake Miramar Lake Poway Dixon Lake Rivers[edit] San Diego River San Luis Rey River San Dieguito River Sweetwater River Otay River Tijuana River Santa Margarita River


Demographics[edit] Main article: Demographics of San Diego County Half of the county's population lives in San Diego and Chula Vista. In 2000, only about 3% of San Diego County residents left the county for work while 40,000 people commuted into the metropolitan area.[37] Population, race, and income (2011) Total population[38] 3,060,849   White[38] 2,182,604 71.3%  Hispanic or Latino (of any race)[39] 967,858 31.6%   Asian[38] 333,314 10.9%   Black or African American[38] 154,076 5.0%   American Indian or Alaska Native[38] 20,597 0.7%   Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander[38] 14,266 0.5%   Some other race[38] 220,000 7.2%   Two or more races[38] 135,992 4.4% Per capita income[40] $30,955 Median household income[41] $63,857 Median family income[42] $74,633 Historical population Census Pop. %± 1850 798 — 1860 4,324 441.9% 1870 4,951 14.5% 1880 8,018 61.9% 1890 34,987 336.4% 1900 35,090 0.3% 1910 61,665 75.7% 1920 112,248 82.0% 1930 209,659 86.8% 1940 289,348 38.0% 1950 556,808 92.4% 1960 1,033,011 85.5% 1970 1,357,854 31.4% 1980 1,861,846 37.1% 1990 2,498,016 34.2% 2000 2,813,833 12.6% 2010 3,095,313 10.0% Est. 2016 3,317,749 [6] 7.2% U.S. Decennial Census[43] 1790–1960[44] 1900–1990[45] 1990–2000[46] 2010–2015[5] Race[edit] See also: Demographics of Filipino Americans § San Diego County The 2010 United States Census reported that San Diego County had a population of 3,095,313. The racial makeup of San Diego County was 1,981,442 (64.0%) White, 158,213 (5.1%) African American, 26,340 (0.9%) Native American, 336,091 (10.9%) Asian (4.7% Filipino, 1.6% Chinese, 1.4% Vietnamese, 3.2% Other Asian), 15,337 (0.5%) Pacific Islander, 419,465 (13.6%) from other races, and 158,425 (5.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 991,348 persons (32.0%).[47] As of 2009, the racial makeup of the county was 79.4% White American, 5.6% Black or African American, 1% Native American, 10.4% Asian, 0.5% Pacific Islander, 10.3% from other races, and 3.6% from two or more races. 31.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 67.0% spoke only English at home; 21.9% spoke Spanish, 3.1% Tagalog and 1.2% Vietnamese. Other demographics[edit] As of 2009 Census Bureau estimates, there were 3,053,793 people, 1,067,846 households, and 663,449 families residing in the county. The population density was 670 people per square mile (259/km²). There were 1,142,245 housing units at an average density of 248 per square mile (96/km²). In 2000 there were 994,677 households out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 24.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.29. As of 2000, in the county the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 11.30% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 101.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.7 males. Income[edit] According to the 2000 Census, the median income for a household in the county was $47,067, and the median income for a family was $53,438. Males had a median income of $36,952 versus $30,356 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,926. About 8.9% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.5% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over. Much of the county's high-income residents are concentrated in the northern part of the city of San Diego. The San Diego metropolitan area has two places with both a population of over 50,000 and a per capita income of over $40,000: Carlsbad and Encinitas. The county's largest continuous high-income urban area is a triangle from a first point on the northern edge of Carlsbad, a second point southeast of Escondido, and a third point on the southern edge of La Jolla. It contains all or most of the cities of Carlsbad, Encinitas, Solana Beach, Del Mar, and Poway in addition to a substantial portion of northern San Diego.[48]


Government[edit] San Diego County Administration Center Main article: Government of San Diego County, California The Government of San Diego County is defined and authorized under the California Constitution, California law, and the Charter of the County of San Diego.[49] Much of the Government of California is in practice the responsibility of county governments such as the Government of San Diego County. The County government provides countywide services such as elections and voter registration, law enforcement, jails, vital records, property records, tax collection, public health, and social services. In addition the County serves as the local government for all unincorporated areas.[50] Some chartered cities such as San Diego and Chula Vista provide municipal services such as police, public safety, libraries, parks and recreation, and zoning. Other cities such as Del Mar and Vista arrange to have the County provide some or all of these services on a contract basis. The county government is composed of the elected five-member Board of Supervisors, several other elected offices and officers including the Sheriff, the District Attorney, Assessor/Recorder/County Clerk, and Treasurer/Tax Collector, and numerous county departments and entities under the supervision of the Chief Administrative Officer such as the Probation Department. In addition, several entities of the government of California have jurisdiction conterminous with San Diego County, such as the San Diego Superior Court. Under its foundational Charter, the five-member elected San Diego County Board of Supervisors is the county legislature. The board operates in a legislative, executive, and quasi-judicial capacity. As a legislative authority, it can pass ordinances for the unincorporated areas (ordinances that affect the whole county, like posting of restaurant ratings, must be ratified by the individual city). As an executive body, it can tell the county departments what to do, and how to do it. As a quasi-judicial body, the Board is the final venue of appeal in the local planning process. As of January 2017, the members of the San Diego County Board of Supervisors are:[51] District Supervisor Party 1 Greg Cox Republican 2 Dianne Jacob (Chair) Republican 3 Kristin Gaspar (Vice Chair) Republican 4 Ron Roberts Republican 5 Bill Horn Republican For several decades, ending in 2013, all five supervisors were Republican, white, graduates of San Diego State University, and had been in office since 1995 or earlier. The Board was criticized for this homogeneity, which was made possible because supervisors draw their own district lines and are not subject to term limits.[52] (In 2010 voters put term limits in place, but they only apply going forward, so that each incumbent supervisor can serve an additional two terms before being termed out.[53]) That pattern was broken in 2013 when Slater-Price retired; she was replaced by Democrat Dave Roberts, who won election to the seat in November 2012 and was inaugurated in January 2013.[54] The San Diego County Code is the codified law of San Diego County in the form of ordinances passed by the Board of Supervisors. The Administrative Code establishes the powers and duties of all officers and the procedures and rules of operation of all departments. The county motto is "The noblest motive is the public good." County government offices are housed in the historic County Administration Center Building, constructed in 1935-1938 with funding from the Works Progress Administration.[55]


Politics[edit] San Diego County registered voters (2014)[56] Total population[38] 3,060,849   Registered voters[56][note 1] 1,530,462 50.0%     Democratic 531,941 34.8%     Republican 503,639 32.9%     Democratic–Republican spread +28,302 +1.9%     No party preference 412,807 27.0%     American Independent 52,088 3.4%     Libertarian 12,484 0.8%     Green 7,668 0.5%     Other 5,695 0.4%     Peace and Freedom 4,140 0.3% Main article: Politics of San Diego County As of June 2013, there are 1,556,739 registered voters in San Diego County. Of those, 547,897 (35.2%) are registered Democratic, 526,306 (33.8%) are registered Republican, 401,340 (25.8%) declined to state a political party, 51,993 (3.3%) are registered American Independence Party, 11,657 (0.7%) are registered Libertarian, 7,675 (0.5%) are registered Green, and 4,012 (0.3%) are registered Peace & Freedom.[57] Voting[edit] San Diego County vote by party in presidential elections[58] Year GOP DEM Others 2016 36.57% 477,766 56.30% 735,476 7.13% 93,158 2012 44.95% 536,726 52.51% 626,957 2.53% 30,266 2008 43.79% 541,032 53.95% 666,581 2.26% 27,890 2004 52.45% 596,033 46.33% 526,437 1.22% 13,881 2000 49.63% 475,736 45.66% 437,666 4.71% 45,232 1996 45.57% 402,876 44.11% 389,964 10.33% 91,311 1992 35.69% 352,125 37.24% 367,397 27.08% 267,124 1988 60.19% 523,143 38.34% 333,264 1.47% 12,788 1984 65.30% 502,344 33.41% 257,029 1.29% 9,894 1980 60.81% 435,910 27.26% 195,410 11.93% 85,546 1976 55.74% 353,302 41.60% 263,654 2.66% 16,839 1972 61.82% 371,627 34.34% 206,455 3.84% 23,055 1968 56.26% 261,540 36.07% 167,669 7.67% 35,654 1964 50.31% 214,445 49.69% 211,808 0.01% 33 1960 56.41% 223,056 43.31% 171,259 0.28% 1,106 1956 64.47% 195,742 35.15% 106,716 0.38% 1,147 1952 63.50% 186,091 35.92% 105,255 0.58% 1,688 1948 49.43% 101,552 47.80% 98,217 2.77% 5,690 1944 45.42% 75,746 53.94% 89,959 0.64% 1,059 1940 43.27% 55,434 55.57% 71,188 1.16% 1,488 1936 35.04% 35,686 63.45% 64,628 1.51% 1,540 1932 41.46% 35,305 53.58% 45,622 4.96% 4,223 1928 67.14% 47,769 31.97% 22,749 0.89% 633 1924 48.99% 22,726 6.35% 2,944 44.66% 20,721 1920 63.78% 19,826 27.27% 8,478 8.95% 2,783 1916 46.47% 16,978 46.02% 16,815 7.51% 2,744 1912 0.29% 63 44.79% 9,731 54.92% 11,934 1908 57.56% 5,412 25.45% 2,393 16.99% 1,598 1904 59.52% 4,303 19.34% 1,398 21.15% 1,529 1900 54.91% 3,800 38.69% 2,678 6.40% 443 1896 46.86% 3,631 50.44% 3,908 2.70% 209 1892 45.71% 3,525 30.26% 2,334 24.03% 1,853 San Diego County has historically been a Republican stronghold. The Republican presidential nominee carried the county in every presidential election from 1948 through 2004, except in 1992 when Bill Clinton won a plurality. In 2008, Barack Obama became the first Democratic presidential candidate to win a majority of votes in San Diego County since World War II; he won a majority of county votes again in 2012. In 2016, the county voted in favor of the Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton by 19.7%, the largest margins for a Democrat since 1936. The city of San Diego itself is more Democratic than the county's average and has voted for Democrats in each presidential election since 1992. Various cities within the county are swing areas that have split their votes in elections since 2000. Republican strength is concentrated in North County, as well as the inland portions. One unique feature of the political scene is the use of Golden Hall, a convention facility next to San Diego's City Hall, as "Election Central." The County Registrar of Voters rents the hall to distribute election results. Supporters and political observers gather to watch the results come in; supporters of the various candidates parade around the hall, carrying signs and chanting; candidates give their victory and concession speeches and host parties for campaign volunteers and donors at the site; and television stations broadcast live from the floor of the convention center.[59] The atmosphere at Election Central on the evening of election day has been compared to the voting portion of a political party national convention.[60] On Nov 4, 2008 San Diego County voted 53.8% for Proposition 8 which amended the California Constitution to ban same-sex marriages, thus restoring Proposition 22 which was overturned by a ruling from the California Supreme Court. However the city of San Diego, along with Del Mar, Encinitas, and Solana Beach, voted against Proposition 8.[61] Federal and state representation[edit] In the U.S. House of Representatives, San Diego County is split between five congressional districts:[62] California's 49th congressional district, represented by Republican Darrell Issa California's 50th congressional district, represented by Republican Duncan D. Hunter California's 51st congressional district, represented by Democrat Juan Vargas California's 52nd congressional district, represented by Democrat Scott Peters and California's 53rd congressional district, represented by Democrat Susan Davis. In the California State Assembly, San Diego County is split between seven legislative districts:[63] the 71st Assembly District, represented by Republican Randy Voepel, the 75th Assembly District, represented by Republican Marie Waldron, the 76th Assembly District, represented by Republican Rocky Chávez, the 77th Assembly District, represented by Republican Brian Maienschein, the 78th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Todd Gloria, the 79th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Shirley Weber, and the 80th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Lorena Gonzalez Fletcher. In the California State Senate, San Diego County is split between four legislative districts:[64] the 36th Senate District, represented by Republican Patricia Bates, the 38th Senate District, represented by Republican Joel Anderson, the 39th Senate District, represented by Democrat Toni Atkins, and the 40th Senate District, represented by Democrat Ben Hueso.


Crime[edit] The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense. Population and crime rates Population[38] 3,060,849 Violent crime[65] 12,775 4.17   Homicide[65] 75 0.02   Forcible rape[65] 746 0.24   Robbery[65] 4,033 1.32   Aggravated assault[65] 7,921 2.59 Property crime[65] 43,525 14.22   Burglary[65] 14,522 4.74   Larceny-theft[65][note 2] 41,278 13.49   Motor vehicle theft[65] 13,938 4.55 Arson[65] 394 0.13 Cities by population and crime rates[edit] Cities by population and crime rates City Population[66] Violent crimes[66] Violent crime rate per 1,000 persons Property crimes[66] Property crime rate per 1,000 persons Carlsbad 107,879 265 2.46 2,109 19.55 Chula Vista 249,830 581 2.33 5,081 20.34 Coronado 19,345 20 1.03 504 26.05 Del Mar 4,263 15 3.52 211 49.50 El Cajon 101,864 365 3.58 2,414 23.70 Encinitas 60,960 150 2.46 1,296 21.26 Escondido 147,386 628 4.26 3,887 26.37 Imperial Beach 26,956 147 5.45 471 17.47 La Mesa 58,444 224 3.83 1,732 29.64 Lemon Grove 25,932 137 5.28 434 16.74 National City 59,920 371 6.19 1,863 31.09 Oceanside 171,141 728 4.25 4,289 25.06 Poway 48,968 94 1.92 559 11.42 San Diego 1,338,477 5,529 4.13 31,700 23.68 San Marcos 85,810 227 2.65 1,502 17.50 Santee 54,700 154 2.82 1,109 20.27 Solana Beach 13,181 24 1.82 313 23.75 Vista 96,087 465 4.84 1,885 19.62 Fallbrook 32,988 2 0.93 2 6.98


Economy[edit] See also: Beer in San Diego County, California Arising from an effort by the state government to identify regional economies, San Diego County and Imperial County are part of the Southern Border Region, one of nine such regions. As a regional economy, the Southern Border Region is the smallest but most economically diverse region in the state. However, the two counties maintain weak relations and have little in common aside from their common border.[67] Agriculture[edit] San Diego County's agriculture industry was worth $1.85 billion in 2013,[68] and is one of the top five egg producing counties in the United States.[69] In 2013, San Diego County also had the most small farms of any county in the United States, and had the 19th largest agricultural economy of any county in the United States.[70] According to the San Diego Farm Bureau, San Diego County is the United States leading producer of avocados, and nursery crops.[71] Until the early 20th century, San Diego County had a thriving wine industry; however the 1916 Charles Hatfield flood was the beginning of the end of the industry which included the destruction of the Daneri winery in Otay Valley.[72] As of October 2016[update], there are roughly one hundred vineyards and wineries in San Diego County.[73] Tourism[edit] Horton Plaza Tourism plays a large part in the economics of the San Diego metropolitan area. Tourists are drawn to the region for a well rounded experience, everything from shopping to surfing as well as its mild climate. Its numerous tourist destinations include Horton Plaza, Westfield UTC, Seaport Village, Westfield Mission Valley and Fashion Valley Mall for shopping. SeaWorld San Diego and Legoland California as amusement parks. Golf courses such as Torrey Pines Golf Course and Balboa Park Golf Course. Museums such as the San Diego Museum of Man, San Diego Museum of Art, Reuben H. Fleet Science Center, San Diego Natural History Museum, USS Midway Museum, and the San Diego Air and Space Museum. Historical places such as the Gaslamp Quarter, Balboa Park and Old Town San Diego State Historic Park. Wildlife refuges, zoos, and aquariums such as the Birch Aquarium at Scripps, San Diego Zoo's Safari Park, San Diego Zoo and San Diego-La Jolla Underwater Park. Outdoor destinations include the Peninsular Ranges for hiking, biking, mountainboarding and trail riding. Surfing locations include Swami's, Stone Steps Beach, Torrey Pines State Beach, Cardiff State Beach, San Onofre State Beach and the southern portion of Black's Beach. The region is host to the second largest cruise ship industry in California which generates an estimated $2 million annually from purchases of food, fuel, supplies, and maintenance services.[74] In 2008 the Port of San Diego hosted 252 ship calls and more than 800,000 passengers.[75]


Education[edit] San Diego County contains three public state universities: University of California, San Diego; San Diego State University; and California State University, San Marcos. Major private universities in the county include University of San Diego (USD), Point Loma Nazarene University (PLNU), Alliant International University (AIU), and National University. It also includes three law schools, USD School of Law, California Western School of Law, and Thomas Jefferson School of Law Within the county there are 24 public elementary school districts, 6 high school districts, and 12 unified school districts. There are also 5 community college districts.[76] There are two separate public library systems in San Diego County: the San Diego Public Library serving the city of San Diego, and the San Diego County Library serving all other areas of the county. In 2010 the county library had 33 branches and two bookmobiles; circulated over 10.7 million books, CDs, DVDs, and other material formats; recorded 5.7 million visits to library branches; and hosted 21,132 free programs and events. The San Diego County Library is one of the 25 busiest libraries in the nation as measured by materials circulated.[77][78]


Military[edit] USS Decatur (DDG-73) San Diego is the headquarters of the U.S. Navy's Eleventh Naval District and is the Navy's principal location for West Coast and Pacific Ocean operations.[79] Naval Base San Diego, California is principal home to the Pacific Fleet (although the headquarters is located in Pearl Harbor). NAS North Island is located on the north side of Coronado, and is home to Headquarters for Naval Air Forces and Naval Air Force Pacific, the bulk of the Pacific Fleet's helicopter squadrons, and part of the West Coast aircraft carrier fleet. The Naval Special Warfare Center is the primary training center for SEALs, and is also located on Coronado. The area contains five major naval bases and the U.S. Marines base Camp Pendleton. Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton is the major West Coast base of the United States Marine Corps and serves as its prime amphibious training base.[80] It is located on the Southern California coast, bordered by Oceanside to the south, San Clemente to the north, and Fallbrook to the east. U.S. Navy[edit] Naval Base San Diego, also known as 32nd Street Naval Station Naval Amphibious Base Coronado Naval Air Station North Island Naval Base Point Loma, which includes the Submarine Base and the Fleet Antisubmarine Warfare Training Center Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command (SPAWAR) Naval Medical Center San Diego, also known as Bob Wilson Naval Hospital and Balboa Naval Hospital U.S. Marine Corps[edit] Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton Marine Corps Air Station Miramar Marine Corps Recruit Depot San Diego U.S. Coast Guard[edit] Coast Guard Air Station San Diego


Culture[edit] See also: Culture of San Diego The culture of San Diego is influenced heavily by American and Mexican cultures due to its position as a border town, its large Hispanic population, and its history as part of Spanish America and Mexico. The area's longtime association with the U.S. military also contributes to its culture. Present-day culture includes many historical and tourist attractions, a thriving musical and theatrical scene, numerous notable special events, a varied cuisine, and a reputation as one of America's premier centers of craft brewing. Sports[edit] See also: Sports in San Diego The most popular sports teams in the San Diego metropolitan area are a major professional sports team — the MLB's Padres — and the college sports teams of the San Diego State Aztecs. The following table shows all sports teams in the San Diego metropolitan area that average over 8,000 fans per game: Club Sport Since League Venue (capacity) Attendance San Diego State Aztecs Football 1921 NCAA D1 (Mtn West) SDCCU Stadium (70,561) 48,785 San Diego Padres Baseball 1969 Major League Baseball Petco Park (41,200) 27,103 San Diego State Aztecs Basketball 1921 NCAA D1 (Mtn West) Viejas Arena (12,400) 12,414 San Diego Gulls Ice hockey 2015 American Hockey League Valley View Casino Center (12,920) 8,675 Sites of interest[edit] Mount Laguna Observatory, owned and primarily operated by San Diego State University Palomar Observatory, owned and primarily operated by the California Institute of Technology The Ramona Valley wine-producing region, located 28 miles (45 km) northeast of the City of San Diego San Diego Zoo Safari Park, formerly known as the San Diego Wild Animal Park, 35 miles (56 km) north of the San Diego Zoo and east of Escondido Sea World of San Diego, on Mission Bay. Mission Bay Recreation Area, including Fiesta Island, a sheltered bay popular for water sports, also known for the annual Over the line tournament. Mission San Diego de Alcala, the first of California's 21 Spanish missions. It is an operating Roman Catholic parish and also is open for historical interest tours during the week. It is located near the interchange of Interstates 8 and 15. Mission San Luis Rey, founded on June 13, 1798 by Padre Fermín Lasuén. It is the 18th of the Spanish missions established in California. It is an operating Roman Catholic parish and is open every day for historical interest tours. It is located near Route 76 in the Oceanside area. Balboa Park, with numerous museums and other cultural locations, located just north of Downtown San Diego. San Diego Zoo, located in Balboa Park Presidio Park, located on a bluff directly above Old Town, a city historic park on the site of the San Diego Presidio, the first European settlement in California. San Diego Bay contains the aircraft carrier USS Midway now used as a memorial ship and as a floating museum, and the eight floating museum ships of the San Diego Maritime Museum. Harbor cruises, sailing, and sport fishing are also available. LEGOLAND California Resort is a "LEGO" themed resort in Carlsbad. Alta Vista Gardens is a Botanical Garden in Vista, California dedicated to bringing together 'People, Nature & Art'. Mount Ecclesia is a historic district noted for its singular architecture and the preservation of nature grounds and gardens, offering a unique meditative walking experience. It is located about a mile east of Interstate 5 in the Oceanside area.


Media[edit] Newspapers[edit] San Diego County is served by many newspapers. The major regional paper is The San Diego Union-Tribune, also known as U-T San Diego, is ranked 23rd in the country (by daily circulation) as of March 2013.[81] The Union-Tribune serves both San Diego County and neighboring Imperial County. The former North County Times, based in Escondido and serving portions of Riverside County and North County, was purchased by the Union-Tribune in 2012 and closed down. For about a year after absorbing the North County Times the Union-Tribune published a North County edition,[82] but the regional edition was later abandoned.[83] The Los Angeles Times is also delivered in portions of the county. Many of the area's cities, towns and neighborhoods have their own local newspapers; the Union Tribune bought eight local weeklies in 2013 and is continuing to publish them as independent local newspapers.[83] The San Diego Daily Transcript reports business and legal news. Privately published papers like the Military Press Newspaper and the Navy Dispatch serve the military community both on and off base. Other media[edit] County Television Network is a public-access television cable channel, offering a "hometown blend of C-SPAN, the Lifetime, History, Travel, and Discovery channels" for the county, and funded by fees paid by cable companies.[84]


Transportation[edit] Main article: Transportation in San Diego County Major highways[edit] Interstate 5 Interstate 8 Interstate 15 Interstate 805 State Route 15 State Route 52 State Route 54 State Route 56 State Route 67 State Route 75 State Route 76 State Route 78 State Route 79 State Route 94 State Route 125 State Route 163 State Route 188 State Route 282 State Route 905 Border crossings to Mexico[edit] San Ysidro Border Crossing Otay Mesa Border Crossing Tecate Border Crossing Railroads[edit] AMTRAK (Pacific Surfliner) Metrolink The Coaster San Diego and Arizona Eastern Railway San Diego and Imperial Valley Railroad Light rail and local transit[edit] San Diego Trolley San Diego Metropolitan Transit System Sprinter North County Transit District The Port of San Diego[edit] Embarcadero (San Diego) Airports[edit] Lindbergh Field (San Diego International Airport) (SAN) Montgomery Field, (MYF) McClellan-Palomar Airport, (CRQ) a.k.a. Palomar Airport or Carlsbad Airport Gillespie Field, (SEE) in El Cajon Agua Caliente Airport (L54) Borrego Valley Airport (L08) Fallbrook Airport (L18) Oceanside Municipal Airport (K0KB) Ocotillo Airport (L90 Ramona Airport, (RNM) Brown Field Municipal Airport, (SDM) (formerly East Field, NAAS Otay Mesa, and NAAS Brown Field)


Communities[edit] North County communities. Coastal cities are in dark blue, unincorporated coastal communities are in light blue. Inland cities are in dark yellow, unincorporated inland communities are in light yellow. Parts of northern San Diego are sometimes considered part of North County, as are much of the white areas north of the city. East County communities in red. In dark red are the cities and towns of Santee and El Cajon which mark the western edge of East County. Unincorporated communities are in light red, including Lakeside and Alpine. South Bay communities of San Diego County. The cities and towns of National City, Chula Vista, and Imperial Beach are in dark orange. The unincorporated community of Bonita is in light orange. San Ysidro and Otay Mesa, neighborhoods of the city of San Diego, are in pink. Cities[edit] Largest cities, 2016 Estimate City Population San Diego 1,406,630 Chula Vista 267,172 Oceanside 175,464 Escondido 151,613 Carlsbad 113,952 El Cajon 103,768 Vista 101,659 San Marcos 95,261 Encinitas 63,131 National City 61,147 La Mesa 59,948 Carlsbad Chula Vista Coronado Del Mar El Cajon Encinitas Escondido Imperial Beach La Mesa Lemon Grove National City Oceanside Poway San Diego (county seat) San Marcos Santee Solana Beach Vista Census-designated places[edit] Alpine Bonita Bonsall Borrego Springs Bostonia Boulevard Campo Camp Pendleton North Camp Pendleton South Casa de Oro-Mount Helix Crest Descanso Eucalyptus Hills Fairbanks Ranch Fallbrook Granite Hills Harbison Canyon Hidden Meadows Jacumba Hot Springs Jamul Julian Lake San Marcos Lakeside La Presa Mount Laguna Pine Valley Potrero Rainbow Ramona Rancho San Diego Rancho Santa Fe San Diego Country Estates Spring Valley Valley Center Winter Gardens Unincorporated communities[edit] 4S Ranch Ballena Barrett Junction Blossom Valley Canebrake Cardiff-by-the-Sea Dehesa Del Dios De Luz Dulzura Elfin Forest Fernbrook Flinn Springs Four Corners Guatay Harmony Grove Kentwood-In-The-Pines Leucadia Lincoln Acres Live Oak Springs Oak Grove Ocotillo Wells Olivenhain Pala Pauma Valley Pine Hills Ranchita Rincon San Luis Rey Santaluz Santa Ysabel Shelter Valley Tecate Tierra del Sol Warner Springs Whispering Pines Wynola Indian reservations[edit] San Diego County has 18 federally recognized Indian reservations, more than any other county in the United States.[85] Although they are typical in size to other Indian reservations in California (many of which are termed "Rancherías"), they are relatively tiny by national standards,[citation needed] and all together total 200.2 square miles (518.5 km²) of area. Barona Indian Reservation Campo Indian Reservation Capitan Grande Reservation Ewiiaapaayp Indian Reservation Inaja and Cosmit Indian Reservation Jamul Indian Village La Jolla Indian Reservation La Posta Indian Reservation Los Coyotes Indian Reservation Manzanita Indian Reservation Mesa Grande Indian Reservation Pala Indian Reservation Pauma and Yuima Indian Reservation Rincon Indian Reservation San Pasqual Indian Reservation Santa Ysabel Indian Reservation Sycuan Indian Reservation Viejas Indian Reservation Population ranking[edit] The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of San Diego County.[86] † county seat Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census) 1 † San Diego City 1,307,402 2 Chula Vista City 243,916 3 Oceanside City 167,086 4 Escondido City 143,911 5 Carlsbad City 105,328 6 El Cajon City 99,478 7 Vista City 93,834 8 San Marcos City 83,781 9 Encinitas City 59,518 10 National City City 58,582 11 La Mesa City 57,065 12 Santee City 53,413 13 Poway City 47,811 14 La Presa CDP 34,169 15 Fallbrook CDP 30,534 16 Spring Valley CDP 28,205 17 Imperial Beach City 26,324 18 Lemon Grove City 25,320 19 Rancho San Diego CDP 21,208 20 Lakeside CDP 20,648 21 Winter Gardens CDP 20,631 22 Ramona CDP 20,292 23 Coronado City 18,912 24 Casa de Oro-Mount Helix CDP 18,762 25 Bostonia CDP 15,379 26 Alpine CDP 14,236 27 Solana Beach City 12,867 28 Bonita CDP 12,538 29 Camp Pendleton South CDP 10,616 30 San Diego Country Estates CDP 10,109 31 Valley Center CDP 9,277 32 Jamul CDP 6,163 33 Eucalyptus Hills CDP 5,313 34 Camp Pendleton North CDP 5,200 35 Lake San Marcos CDP 4,437 36 Del Mar City 4,161 37 Bonsall CDP 3,982 38 Harbison Canyon CDP 3,841 39 Hidden Meadows CDP 3,485 40 Borrego Springs CDP 3,429 41 Fairbanks Ranch CDP 3,148 42 Rancho Santa Fe CDP 3,117 43 Granite Hills CDP 3,035 44 Campo CDP 2,684 45 Crest CDP 2,593 46 Rainbow CDP 1,832 47 Pine Valley CDP 1,510 48 Julian CDP 1,502 49 Descanso CDP 1,423 50 Pala Indian Reservation[87] AIAN 1,315 51 Rincon Reservation[88] AIAN 1,215 52 San Pasqual Reservation[89] AIAN 1,097 53 Potrero CDP 656 54 Barona Reservation[90] AIAN 640 55 Jucumba Hot Springs CDP 561 56 Viejas Reservation[91] AIAN 520 57 La Jolla Reservation[92] AIAN 476 58 Campo Indian Reservation[93] AIAN 362 59 Santa Ysabel Reservation[94] AIAN 330 60 Boulevard CDP 315 61 Sycuan Reservation[95] AIAN 211 62 Pauma and Yuima Reservation[96] AIAN 206 t-63 Los Coyotes Reservation[97] AIAN 98 t-63 Mesa Grande Reservation[98] AIAN 98 64 Manzanita Reservation[99] AIAN 78 65 Mount Laguna CDP 57 66 La Posta Indian Reservation[100] AIAN 55


See also[edit] California portal San Diego County portal National Register of Historic Places listings in San Diego County, California List of school districts in San Diego County, California List of high schools in San Diego County, California List of breweries in San Diego County, California List of museums in San Diego County, California Southern Border region of California List of United States counties


Notes[edit] ^ Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow. ^ Only larceny-theft cases involving property over $400 in value are reported as property crimes. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010. ^ Official precipitation records for San Diego were kept at the Weather Bureau Office in downtown from October 1850 to December 1859 at the Mission San Diego and from November 1871 to June 1939 and a variety of buildings at downtown, and at San Diego Int'l (Lindbergh Field) since July 1939.[27] Temperature records, however, only date from October 1874. For more information on data coverage, see ThreadEx


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Further reading[edit] Pryde, Philip R. San Diego: An Introduction to the Region (4th ed. 2004), a historical geography


External links[edit] Wikisource has the text of an 1879 American Cyclopædia article about San Diego County, California. San Diego County travel guide from Wikivoyage Official website San Diego Tourism Authority San Diego Geographic Information Source San Diego County Water Authority v t e Municipalities and communities of San Diego County, California, United States County seat: San Diego Cities Carlsbad Chula Vista Coronado Del Mar El Cajon Encinitas Escondido Imperial Beach La Mesa Lemon Grove National City Oceanside Poway San Diego San Marcos Santee Solana Beach Vista CDPs Alpine Bonita Bonsall Borrego Springs Bostonia Boulevard Campo Camp Pendleton North Camp Pendleton South Casa de Oro-Mount Helix Crest Descanso Eucalyptus Hills Fairbanks Ranch Fallbrook Granite Hills Harbison Canyon Hidden Meadows Jacumba Hot Springs Jamul Julian La Presa Lake San Marcos Lakeside Mount Laguna Pine Valley Potrero Rainbow Ramona Rancho San Diego Rancho Santa Fe San Diego Country Estates Spring Valley Valley Center Winter Gardens Unincorporated communities 4S Ranch Ballena Banner Cockatoo Grove Cuyamaca De Luz De Luz Heights Dulzura East Otay Mesa Elfin Forest Four Corners Guatay Hellhole Palms Jesmond Dene Kentwood-In-The-Pines Lincoln Acres Ocotillo Wells Pala Pauma Valley Pine Hills Ranchita Rincon Rincon Del Diablo San Luis Rey Santa Ysabel Shelter Valley Tecate Warner Springs Witch Creek Wynola Indian reservations Barona Reservation Campo Indian Reservation Capitan Grande Reservation Ewiiaapaayp Indian Reservation Inaja and Cosmit Reservation Jamul Indian Village La Posta Reservation Manzanita Reservation Mesa Grande Reservation Pala Indian Reservation San Pasqual Reservation Rincon Indian Reservation Santa Ysabel Reservation Sycuan Band Reservation Viejas Reservation Ghost towns Banner City Branson City Coleman City Cuyamaca City Eastwood Palm Spring Station Panhe San Felipe Station Stonewall Stratton Vallecito v t e San Diego metropolitan area Counties San Diego Major city San Diego Cities 100k - 250k Chula Vista Oceanside Escondido Carlsbad Cities and towns 20k - 99k El Cajon Vista San Marcos Encinitas La Mesa Santee National City Poway Imperial Beach Lemon Grove Coronado CDPs 20k+ La Presa Fallbrook Spring Valley Rancho San Diego Lakeside Winter Gardens Ramona Bodies of water Chollas Creek Mission Bay Otay River San Diego Bay San Diego River San Luis Rey River Santa Margarita River San Mateo Creek (Southern California) Sweetwater River Tijuana River Regions East County North County City of San Diego South Bay Parks and Monuments Agua Caliente Anza-Borrego Balboa Park Border Field Cabrillo Monument Cleveland Forest Cuyamaca Old Town Palomar Mountain Torrey Pines History Culture Transportation (MTS NCTD Roads) Economy Education Government v t e San Diego–Tijuana History Geography Geology Populace Economy Transportation Education Communication Border Other Infrastructure Culture Counties and Municipalities Rosarito Beach San Diego Tecate Tijuana Major cities San Diego Tijuana Cities 100k - 250k Carlsbad Chula Vista Escondido Oceanside Cities and towns 20k - 99k Coronado El Cajon El Refugio Encinitas Fallbrook Imperial Beach La Joya La Mesa La Presa Lemon Grove National City Pórticos de San Antonio Poway Rancho San Diego Rosarito Beach San Marcos Santee Spring Valley Tecate Terrazas del Valle Vista Cities and towns 10k-19k Alpine Bonita Bostonia Casa de Oro-Mount Helix Las Delicias Ramona Rancho San Diego San Diego Country Esates Solana Beach Villa del Campo Villa del Prado Winter Gardens Bodies of water Agua Hedionda Lagoon Batiquitos Lagoon El Capitan Lake Abelardo L. Rodriguez Lake Hodges Lake Sutherland Lower Otay Reservoir Loveland Reservoir Mission Bay Pacific Ocean San Elijo Lagoon San Diego Bay San Vicente Reservoir Sweetwater Reservoir Tijuana River Estuary Sub-regions Anza Borrego Coronado Peninsula Cuyamaca East County Mountain Empire North County Palm Valley Rosarito San Diego South Bay Tecate Tijuana Category Images Portal v t e Southern Border Region Counties San Diego Imperial Global city 1.3 million San Diego Major cities 100k-250k Chula Vista Oceanside Escondido Carlsbad Cities and towns 25k-100k El Cajon El Centro Encinitas Calexico Fallbrook Imperial Beach La Mesa La Presa National City Poway San Marcos Santee Spring Valley Vista Cities and towns under 25k Alpine Bombay Beach Bonita Bonsall Borrego Springs Bostonia Boulevard Brawley Casa de Oro-Mount Helix Calipatria Campo Camp Pendleton North Camp Pendleton South Coronado Crest Del Mar Descanso Desert Shores Fairbanks Ranch Harbison Canyon Heber Hidden Meadows Holtville Imperial Jacumba Hot Springs Jamul Julian Lakeside Lake San Marcos Lemon Grove Mount Laguna Niland Ocotillo Palo Verde Pine Valley Potrero Rainbow Ramona Rancho San Diego Rancho Santa Fe Salton City Salton Sea Beach San Diego Country Estates Seeley Solana Beach Valley Center Westmorland Winter Gardens Winterhaven Bodies of water Alamo River Agua Hedionda Lagoon Batiquitos Lagoon Buena Vista Lagoon Colorado River Mission Bay New River Salton Sea San Diego Bay San Diego River San Elijo Lagoon San Luis Rey River Santa Margarita River Sweetwater River Otay River Tijuana River (Tijuana River Estuary) Landforms Algodones Dunes Black Hills Black Mountain Blue Angels Peak Buena Vista Hills Cargo Muchacho Mountains (Pilot Knob) Chocolate Mountains Colorado Desert Cowles Mountain Coyote Mountain Coyote Mountains Cuyamaca Peak Double Peak Fish Creek Mountains Fletcher Hills Grapevine Hills Hot Springs Mountain In-Ko-Pah Mountains Jacumba Mountains Jamul Mountains Laguna Mountains Lake Cahuilla Little Mule Mountains Margarita Peak Merriam Mountains Mount Soledad Mud Caves North Pinyon Mountains Oakzanita Peak Oat Hills Palo Verde Mountains Palomar Mountain Palomar Mountain Range Pine Hills Pinyon Mountains Salton Buttes San Felipe Hills San Marcos Mountains San Ysidro Mountains Santa Ana Mountains Santa Margarita Mountains Santa Rosa Mountains Sawtooth Mountains Sawtooth Range Superstition Hills Tierra Blanca Mountains Vallecito Mountains Viejas Mountain Volcanic Hills Yuha Buttes Yuha Desert Regions North County Borrego South Bay East County San Diego Imperial Valley Southern Border Region v t e  State of California Sacramento (capital) Topics Culture Food Music Myth Sports Demographics Earthquakes Economy Education Environment Geography Climate Ecology Flora Fauna Government Capitol Districts Governor Legislature Supreme Court Healthcare History Law National Historic Landmarks National Natural Landmarks NRHP listings Politics Congressional delegations Elections People Protected areas State Parks State Historic Landmarks Symbols Transportation Water Index of articles Regions Antelope Valley Big Sur California Coast Ranges Cascade Range Central California Central Coast Central Valley Channel Islands Coachella Valley Coastal California Conejo Valley Cucamonga Valley Death Valley East Bay (SF Bay Area) East County (SD) Eastern California Emerald Triangle Gold Country Great Basin Greater San Bernardino Inland Empire Klamath Basin Lake Tahoe Greater Los Angeles Los Angeles Basin Lost Coast Mojave Desert Mountain Empire North Bay (SF) North Coast North Coast (SD) Northern California Owens Valley Oxnard Plain Peninsular Ranges Pomona Valley Sacramento Valley Salinas Valley San Fernando Valley San Francisco Bay Area San Francisco Peninsula San Gabriel Valley San Joaquin Valley Santa Clara Valley Santa Clara River Valley Santa Clarita Valley Santa Ynez Valley Shasta Cascade Sierra Nevada Silicon Valley South Bay (LA) South Bay (SD) South Bay (SF) South Coast Southern Border Region Southern California Transverse Ranges Tri-Valley Victor Valley Wine Country Metro regions Metropolitan Fresno Los Angeles metropolitan area Greater Sacramento San Bernardino-Riverside metropolitan area San Francisco metropolitan area San Diego–Tijuana Counties Alameda Alpine Amador Butte Calaveras Colusa Contra Costa Del Norte El Dorado Fresno Glenn Humboldt Imperial Inyo Kern Kings Lake Lassen Los Angeles Madera Marin Mariposa Mendocino Merced Modoc Mono Monterey Napa Nevada Orange Placer Plumas Riverside Sacramento San Benito San Bernardino San Diego San Francisco San Joaquin San Luis Obispo San Mateo Santa Barbara Santa Clara Santa Cruz Shasta Sierra Siskiyou Solano Sonoma Stanislaus Sutter Tehama Trinity Tulare Tuolumne Ventura Yolo Yuba Most populous cities Los Angeles San Diego San Jose San Francisco Fresno Sacramento Long Beach Oakland Bakersfield Anaheim v t e The 100 most populous metropolitan statistical areas of the United States of America     New York, NY Los Angeles, CA Chicago, IL Dallas, TX Houston, TX Washington, DC Philadelphia, PA Miami, FL Atlanta, GA Boston, MA San Francisco, CA Phoenix, AZ Riverside-San Bernardino, CA Detroit, MI Seattle, WA Minneapolis, MN San Diego, CA Tampa, FL Denver, CO St. Louis, MO Baltimore, MD Charlotte, NC San Juan, PR Orlando, FL San Antonio, TX Portland, OR Pittsburgh, PA Sacramento, CA Cincinnati, OH Las Vegas, NV Kansas City, MO Austin, TX Columbus, OH Cleveland, OH Indianapolis, IN San Jose, CA Nashville, TN Virginia Beach, VA Providence, RI Milwaukee, WI Jacksonville, FL Memphis, TN Oklahoma City, OK Louisville, KY Richmond, VA New Orleans, LA Hartford, CT Raleigh, NC Birmingham, AL Buffalo, NY Salt Lake City, UT Rochester, NY Grand Rapids, MI Tucson, AZ Honolulu, HI Tulsa, OK Fresno, CA Bridgeport, CT Worcester, MA Albuquerque, NM Omaha, NE Albany, NY New Haven, CT Bakersfield, CA Knoxville, TN Greenville, SC Oxnard, CA El Paso, TX Allentown, PA Baton Rouge, LA McAllen, TX Dayton, OH Columbia, SC Greensboro, NC Sarasota, FL Little Rock, AR Stockton, CA Akron, OH Charleston, SC Colorado Springs, CO Syracuse, NY Winston-Salem, NC Cape Coral, FL Boise, ID Wichita, KS Springfield, MA Madison, WI Lakeland, FL Ogden, UT Toledo, OH Deltona, FL Des Moines, IA Jackson, MS Augusta, GA Scranton, PA Youngstown, OH Harrisburg, PA Provo, UT Palm Bay, FL Chattanooga, TN United States Census Bureau population estimates for July 1, 2012 Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 126652980 LCCN: n79006415 ISNI: 0000 0004 0616 9069 GND: 4284106-9 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=San_Diego_County,_California&oldid=822015609" Categories: California countiesSan Diego County, CaliforniaSan Diego metropolitan area1850 establishments in CaliforniaGeography of San Diego County, CaliforniaMetropolitan areas of CaliforniaPopulated places established in 1850Hidden categories: All articles with dead external linksArticles with dead external links from November 2017Articles with 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CaliforniaCarlsbad, CaliforniaChula Vista, CaliforniaCoronado, CaliforniaDel Mar, CaliforniaEl Cajon, CaliforniaEncinitas, CaliforniaEscondido, CaliforniaImperial Beach, CaliforniaLa Mesa, CaliforniaLemon Grove, CaliforniaNational City, CaliforniaOceanside, CaliforniaPoway, CaliforniaSan Diego, CaliforniaSan Marcos, CaliforniaSantee, CaliforniaSolana Beach, CaliforniaVista, CaliforniaAlpine, CaliforniaBonita, CaliforniaBonsall, CaliforniaBorrego Springs, CaliforniaBostonia, CaliforniaBoulevard, CaliforniaCampo, CaliforniaCamp Pendleton North, CaliforniaCamp Pendleton South, CaliforniaCasa De Oro-Mount Helix, CaliforniaCrest, CaliforniaDescanso, CaliforniaEucalyptus Hills, CaliforniaFairbanks Ranch, CaliforniaFallbrook, CaliforniaGranite Hills, CaliforniaHarbison Canyon, CaliforniaHidden Meadows, CaliforniaJacumba Hot Springs, CaliforniaJamul, CaliforniaJulian, CaliforniaLake San Marcos, CaliforniaLakeside, CaliforniaLa Presa, CaliforniaMount Laguna, CaliforniaPine Valley, 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Of Mission IndiansCampo Indian ReservationCapitan Grande ReservationEwiiaapaayp Band Of Kumeyaay IndiansInaja Band Of Diegueno Mission IndiansJamul Indian VillageLa Jolla Band Of Luiseno IndiansLa Posta Band Of Diegueno Mission IndiansLos Coyotes Band Of Cahuilla And Cupeno IndiansManzanita Band Of Diegueno Mission IndiansMesa Grande Band Of Diegueno Mission IndiansPala Indian ReservationPauma And Yuima Indian ReservationRincon Indian ReservationSan Pasqual Band Of Diegueno Mission IndiansIipay Nation Of Santa YsabelSycuan Band Of The Kumeyaay NationViejas Group Of Capitan Grande Band Of Mission Indians2010 United States CensusSan Diego, CaliforniaChula Vista, CaliforniaOceanside, CaliforniaEscondido, CaliforniaCarlsbad, CaliforniaEl Cajon, CaliforniaVista, CaliforniaSan Marcos, CaliforniaEncinitas, CaliforniaNational City, CaliforniaLa Mesa, CaliforniaSantee, CaliforniaPoway, CaliforniaLa Presa, CaliforniaFallbrook, CaliforniaSpring Valley, San Diego County, CaliforniaImperial Beach, CaliforniaLemon Grove, CaliforniaRancho San Diego, CaliforniaLakeside, CaliforniaWinter Gardens, CaliforniaRamona, CaliforniaCoronado, CaliforniaCasa De Oro-Mount Helix, CaliforniaBostonia, CaliforniaAlpine, CaliforniaSolana Beach, CaliforniaBonita, CaliforniaCamp Pendleton South, CaliforniaSan Diego Country Estates, CaliforniaValley Center, CaliforniaJamul, CaliforniaEucalyptus Hills, CaliforniaCamp Pendleton North, CaliforniaLake San Marcos, CaliforniaDel Mar, CaliforniaBonsall, CaliforniaHarbison Canyon, CaliforniaHidden Meadows, CaliforniaBorrego Springs, CaliforniaFairbanks Ranch, CaliforniaRancho Santa Fe, CaliforniaGranite Hills, CaliforniaCampo, CaliforniaCrest, CaliforniaRainbow, CaliforniaPine Valley, CaliforniaJulian, CaliforniaDescanso, CaliforniaPala Indian ReservationAIAN (U.S. Census)Rincon Band Of Luiseño IndiansSan Pasqual Band Of Diegueno Mission IndiansPotrero, CaliforniaBarona Group Of Capitan Grande Band Of Mission IndiansJacumba Hot Springs, CaliforniaViejas Group 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