Contents 1 Early life and education 2 Career 3 Investments 3.1 Media investments 3.2 Los Angeles Times 3.3 Tribune Company 4 Philanthropy 5 Controversies 5.1 Possible renaming of Wrigley Field 5.2 Management of Tribune Co.: Sexual harassment and bonuses amidst bankruptcy 6 Political involvement 7 Personal life 8 References 9 External links


Early life and education[edit] Zell was born in Chicago to a Jewish family, the son of Ruchla and Berek Zielonka. His parents were Jewish emigrants from Poland, where his father had been a successful grain trader.[2][3] They immigrated to the United States with their young daughter, Leah, via Tokyo just before the German invasion of Poland of 1939.[4][2][5] Soon after arriving, his parents changed their first and last names, becoming Rochelle and Bernard Zell.[2][6] They then moved from Seattle to the Albany Park neighborhood in Chicago where his father became a jewelry wholesaler.[2] When he was twelve, the family moved to Highland Park, Illinois where he graduated from Highland Park High School[2] In 1963, Sam graduated with a Bachelor of Arts from the University of Michigan, where he was also a member of the Alpha Epsilon Pi fraternity.[2] While in school, Zell managed a 15 unit apartment building in return for free room-and-board and was soon managing the owner's other properties.[2] Joined by his fraternity brother Robert H. Lurie, he won a contract with a large apartment development owner in Ann Arbor who was impressed with Zell's knowledge of what students wanted. By the time he graduated with a J.D. from the University of Michigan Law School in 1966,[7] he and Lurie were managing over 4,000 apartments and owned 100-200 units outright.[8] After school, he sold his interest in the management company to Lurie and moved to Chicago.[2][9]


Career[edit] After graduation, he worked as a lawyer for one week before deciding that the profession was not for him. One of the senior partners who admired Zell's zeal decided to invest with him, enabling Zell to purchase an apartment building in Toledo.[2] Zell also purchased several apartment buildings in Reno, Nevada, including Arlington Towers.[4][10] In 1968, Zell founded the predecessor of Equity Group Investments and was joined a year later by his former partner, Robert H. Lurie. Together, they went on to grow the small firm into a vast enterprise, until Lurie's death in 1990. Equity Group Investments was the genesis for three of the largest public real estate companies in history,[11] including: Equity Residential, the largest apartment owner in the United States; Equity Office Properties Trust, the largest office owner in the country; and Equity Lifestyle, an owner/operator of manufactured home and resort communities. With their entry onto the public markets in the 1990s, Zell became recognized as a founding father of the modern real estate industry.[citation needed] In addition, Zell has created a number of public and private companies in various other industries.[citation needed] In 2006, the Blackstone Group announced the purchase of Zell's Equity Office Properties Trust for $36 billion,[12] which was the largest leveraged buyout in history at the time. Blackstone sold many of the portfolio's properties for record amounts.[13] By early 2009 most of the properties sold were "under water" (worth less than the mortgage).[13]


Investments[edit] Zell affiliates owned the Schwinn Bicycle Company,[14] the drugstore Revco,[15] department store chain Broadway Stores,[16] energy company Santa Fe Energy Resources[17] and mattress company Sealy.[18] In 1985, Zell took over Itel Corporation.[19] Media investments[edit] Between 1992 and 1999, Zell's Chillmark fund owned Jacor Communications, Inc., a successful radio broadcast group that included a television station. The company was sold to Clear Channel Communications in 1999.[20] On April 2, 2007, the Tribune Company announced its acceptance of Zell's offer to sponsor the going-private transaction of Chicago Tribune, the Los Angeles Times, and the company's other media assets. On December 20, 2007, Zell took the company private, and the following day he became the Chairman and CEO. He sold the Chicago Cubs and the company's 25 percent interest in Comcast SportsNet Chicago. Under the burden of the debt incurred as part of Zell's leveraged buyout and in context of the unexpected severity of the Great Recession, the Tribune Co. filed for chapter 11 bankruptcy reorganization in December 2008.[21] Los Angeles Times[edit] In a sharply critical June 2008 opinion piece for The Washington Post entitled, "The L.A. Times' Human Wrecking Ball", veteran Los Angeles-based editor and columnist Harold Meyerson took Zell to task for "taking bean counting to a whole new level", asserting that "he's well on his way to ... destroying the L.A. Times." Comparing Zell to James McNamara, who was sentenced to life in prison for the notorious 1910 Los Angeles Times bombing (which killed 21 employees), Meyerson concluded his article by opining that "Life in San Quentin sounds about right" for Zell.[22] Tribune Company[edit] In January 2008, Zell bought a controlling share in the Tribune Company, owner of the Chicago Tribune, among other newspapers. His decision to put Randy Michaels in charge was one of several moves that were sharply criticized by the employees. Besides creating a hostile workplace[citation needed], Michaels laid off several employees while giving large bonuses to the executives. Less than a year after Zell bought the company, it tipped into bankruptcy, listing $7.6 billion in assets against a debt of $13 billion, making it the largest bankruptcy in the history of the American media industry. More than 4,200 people have lost jobs since the purchase, while resources for the Tribune newspapers and television stations have been slashed."[23]


Philanthropy[edit] Zell and his wife, Helen, are active philanthropists who focus heavily on education and the arts. Among their public beneficiaries are: the University of Michigan with the sponsorship of the Zell/Lurie Institute for Entrepreneurial Studies and the Master of Fine Arts Creative Writing Program, Northwestern University's Kellogg School Zell Center for Risk Research and Zell's Scholar Program, the University of Pennsylvania Wharton School's Zell/Lurie Real Estate Center, Ounce of Prevention, the Museum of Contemporary Art and the Chicago Symphony.[citation needed] Zell, according to The Forward,[24] is also "a major donor to causes in Israel. His donations include a $3.1 million donation to the Herzliya Interdisciplinary Center in Israel and separate donations to the Israel Center for Social and Economic Progress, a free market oriented Israeli think tank founded by Daniel Doron. In the United States, he has given major gifts to such Jewish causes as the American Jewish Committee and the Bernard Zell Anshe Emet Day School, a Chicago Jewish primary school named after his father." Zell donated to Chicagoland Jewish High School renaming the school to Rochelle Zell Jewish High School, after his mother.


Controversies[edit] Possible renaming of Wrigley Field[edit] In 2008, Zell confirmed a plan to place the Chicago Cubs and Wrigley Field up for sale separately in order to maximize profits. He also announced he would consider selling naming rights to Wrigley Field. These announcements were widely unpopular in Chicago[25][26] and a poll taken by the Chicago Sun-Times showed that 53% of 2,000 people who voted said they would no longer attend Cubs games if the field were renamed.[27] Management of Tribune Co.: Sexual harassment and bonuses amidst bankruptcy[edit] In 2010, The New York Times ran a highly damaging article about Zell's and new top executive Randy Michael's management of The Tribune Co. entitled "At Flagging Tribune, Tales of a Bankrupt Culture." The report details a culture promoting sexual harassment and debasement, with executives openly discussing the "sexual suitability" of employees in the office and a tight circle of executives who were earning tens of millions of dollars in bonuses despite being deep in bankruptcy and a failure to stem declining profits.[23]


Political involvement[edit] Zell donated $100,000 to Restore Our Future, the Super PAC supporting the 2012 presidential election campaign of Mitt Romney.[28]


Personal life[edit] Zell has been married three times and divorced twice; he has three children:[1] son, Matthew and daughter, JoAnn, from his first marriage; and an adopted daughter, Kellie, from his second marriage.[2] His third wife is Helen (née Herzog) Fadim Zell.[2][29][30] Zell is known for using "salty" language in the newsroom.[31] In February 2008, the website LA Observed reprinted an internal memo that said: Last week you may have encountered some colorful uses of the lexicon from Sam Zell that we are not used to hearing at the Times... But of course we still have the same expectations at the Times of what is correct in the workplace. It's not good judgment to use profane or hostile language and we can't tolerate that... In short, nothing changes; the fundamental rules of decorum and decency apply... Sam is a force of a nature; the rest of us are bound by the normal conventions of society.[32]


References[edit] ^ a b Forbes: "The World's Billionaires - Sam Zell 2 January 2018 ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Johnson, by Ben E. Money Talks, Bullsh*t Walks: Inside the Contrarian Mind of Billionaire Mogul Sam Zell Dec 31, 2009 ^ Financial Post: "Lawrence Solomon: The Jewish press and Israel" by Lawrence Solomon November 30, 2012 ^ a b Chicago Tribune: "Here's The Deal - How Sam Zell Beat A Tax-fraud Rap And Rose To The Top Of The Real Estate World" By Greg Burns\ By Greg Burns July 25, 2004. pp. 2–3 ^ Raphael, Marc (2008). The Columbia history of Jews and Judaism in America. Columbia. p. 237.  ^ Katharine Q. Seelye, Terry Pristin (March 25, 2007). "Sam Zell, the 'grave dancer', sees profit in newspapers". International Herald Tribune. Retrieved April 3, 2007.  ^ Laing, Jonathan R. (2011-11-05). "CEO Spotlight: Sam Zell - Barron's". Barron's. Retrieved 2015-08-25.  ^ "The Bottom Line: "Profiles in Investing: Sam Zell and Zell's Angels"" (PDF). grahamanddoddsville.net. Retrieved January 29, 2004.  ^ Investors Archive (15 January 2017). "Sam Zell: Becoming a Billionaire in Real Estate". Retrieved 2 January 2018 – via YouTube.  ^ "Arlington Towers tax bill prompts suit". Reno Evening Gazette. August 21, 1974. Retrieved November 1, 2017 – via Newspapers.com. (Subscription required (help)).  ^ "Samuel Zell". Covanta. Retrieved 2015-08-25.  ^ "Equity Office Agrees to be Acquired by The Blackstone Group". November 19, 2006.  ^ a b Charles V. Bagli (February 6, 2009). "Sam Zell's Empire, Underwater in a Big Way". New York Times.  ^ Judith Crown (May 12, 1997). "ZELL & CO. PEDDLING SCHWINN". Crain's Chicago Business.  ^ "COMPANY NEWS; Chairman of Revco Is Dismissed by Board". The New York Times. June 5, 1992.  ^ GEORGE WHITE and STUART SILVERSTEIN (August 15, 1995). "Federated Stores to Buy Broadway in $373-Million Deal". Los Angeles Times.  ^ William Gruber (January 11, 1993). "Pritzker Clan, Zell On Investment Roll". Chicago Tribune.  ^ Stanley Ziemba (January 22, 1997). "Zell's Sealy Sells Furniture Unit". Chicago Tribune.  ^ ERIC N. BERG (October 23, 1991). "Building a Lost-Cause Portfolio". New York Times.  ^ Alejandro Bodipo-Memba (October 9, 1998). "Clear Channel Wins Bidding Contest, Agrees to Buy Jacor Communications". Wall Street Journal.  ^ Shira Ovide (December 9, 2008). "Tribune Co. Files for Chapter 11 Protection". Wall Street Journal.  ^ Harold Meyerson, "The L.A. Times's Human Wrecking Ball", Washington Post, June 11, 2008 ^ a b "At Flagging Tribune, Tales of a Bankrupt Culture". New York Times. October 5, 2010.  ^ Nathaniel Popper, "Billionaire Boychiks Battle for Media Empire: ‘Committed Zionist’ To Buy Papers With Troubled Ties to Community", The Forward, April 13, 2007 ^ Bialik, Carl (February 29, 2008). "Cubs Fans Consider a Wrigley by Any Other Name". The Wall Street Journal.  ^ Wojciechowski, Gene (March 2, 2008). "Cubs' new owner should think again about renaming Wrigley". ESPN.  ^ Dodd, Mike (March 1, 2008). "For Cubs fans, renaming Wrigley is dealbreaker". USA Today.  ^ "In Obama's Hometown, Billionaire Support Favors GOP". Forbes Magazine. May 31, 2012.  ^ The Long Island News: "Helen Herzog and James Fadim to Wed on May 30 January 17, 1968 ^ Chicago Business: "At CSO, a woman's place is at the top" by Shia Kapos November 20, 2015 ^ Romenesko, Jim (2008-02-12). "Los Angeles Times staffers warned about behaving like Zell | Poynter". Poynter. Retrieved 2015-08-25.  ^ Roderick, Kevin (2008-02-11). "Let Sam be Sam, but you be nice". LA Observed. Retrieved 2015-08-25. 


External links[edit] Profile at Equity International Equity Group Investments Profile at Forbes Works by or about Sam Zell in libraries (WorldCat catalog) "Sam Zell collected news and commentary". The New York Times.  The Zell Center for Risk Research at the Kellogg School of Management The Zell Lurie Institute at The University of Michigan The Samuel Zell and Robert Lurie Real Estate Center at Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania The Zell entrepreneurship program at the Interdisciplinary Center in Israel Zell's federal campaign contributions at Newsmeat Zell's Year End Gift "What the Zell?" Chronicles one of the most-quotable men in journalism Entrepreneur Sam Zell Explains “What Makes Sammy Run” Feb 2006 College of Business at Illinois v t e Tribune Media Corporate directors Bruce Karsh (Chairman) Peter Liguori (President and CEO) Chandler Bigelow (CFO) Tribune Broadcasting (TV stations by primary affiliations) TV networks Broadcast Antenna TV This TV 1 Cable CLTV Food Network (30%) WGN America CBS KFSM WHNT WREG WTKR 2 WTTV / WTTK WTVR The CW KDAF KIAH KPLR KRCW KTLA KWGN WCCT WDCW WGNT 2 WNOL WPIX WSFL Fox KCPQ KDVR / KFCT KSTU KSWB KTVI KTXL WDAF WGHP WITI WJW WPMT WTIC WXIN WXMI Other ABC WGNO WNEP 2 WQAD MyNet KXNW KZJO WPHL NBC KFOR WHO Ind. WGN-TV KAUT TV programs $100,000 Fortune Hunt Adventure Inc. American Idol Rewind Andromeda Animal Rescue Around the World for Free The Arsenio Hall Show At the Movies The Bill Cunningham Show BeastMaster Beyond with James Van Praagh The Bob & Tom Show Bozo, Gar and Ray: WGN TV Classics The Bozo Show The Bozo Super Sunday Show Bzzz! The Charles Perez Show City Guys The Dennis Miller Show Dog Tales Earth: Final Conflict EyeOpener Family Feud Final Shot: The Hank Gathers Story Flipper Geraldo Ghostbusters Hollywood Christmas Parade Illinois Instant Riches Independent Network News Inside the Vault The Joan Rivers Show KTLA Morning News Malibu, CA Manhattan Missing Monsters Movie Underground Mutant X The Mystery of Al Capone's Vaults NewsFix Night Man On the Spot Outsiders Salem Scalped Soul Train Soul Train Music Awards To Live and Die in L.A. Tales from the Darkside Tribune Studios U.S. Farm Report Underground What a Country! WWE Superstars WGN Morning News WGN Sports Yule Log Radio WGN WMIL-HD3 3 TV production Tribune Studios Acquisitions Local TV LLC Renaissance Broadcasting Tribune Digital Ventures Screener TV by the Numbers Related articles The WB (25%, 1995–2006) Tribune Publishing (1847–2014) Tribune Media Services (1933–2014) Chicago Cubs Radio Network (1925 to 2014) Gracenote (sold 2017) Proposed acquisition by Sinclair Broadcast Group 1 A joint venture between Tribune and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. 2 Owned by Dreamcatcher Broadcasting, LLC, Tribune operates these stations through an SSA. 3 Owned by iHeartMedia, and operated by Tribune. Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 100696331 LCCN: n2009061827 SNAC: w62022dd Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sam_Zell&oldid=826855032" Categories: American real estate businesspeoplePrivate equity and venture capital investors1941 birthsLiving peopleAmerican billionairesAmerican newspaper publishers (people)American people of Polish-Jewish descentBusinesspeople from ChicagoJewish American philanthropistsTribune MediaTronc, Inc.University of Michigan Law School alumniChicago Cubs ownersHidden categories: Pages containing links to subscription-only contentArticles with hCardsAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from September 2015Articles with unsourced statements from October 2016Articles with unsourced statements from May 2017Articles with unsourced statements from August 2016Wikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers


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