Contents 1 History 1.1 Formation 1.2 Enterprise Resource Planning 1.3 Corporate restructuring 1.4 Focus on cloud 1.5 SAP S/4HANA 1.6 Acquisitions 2 Business and markets 3 Enterprise Service-Oriented Architecture 3.1 Enterprise SOA 4 Partnerships 5 SAP PartnerEdge 6 Communities 7 Organization 8 SAP Labs 9 SAP User Groups 10 Conferences 11 Competitive landscape 12 Philanthropic efforts 13 Autism hiring 14 Bribery and corruption 14.1 South African allegations 14.2 Panamanian bribery 15 See also 16 References 17 External links

History[edit] Formation[edit] When Xerox aimed to exit the computer industry in 1975,[6] it asked IBM to migrate its business systems to IBM technology. As part of IBM's compensation for the migration, IBM was given the rights to the Scientific Data Systems (SDS)/SAPE software, reportedly for a contract credit of $80,000. Five IBM engineers from the AI department[7][8] (Dietmar Hopp, Klaus Tschira, Hans-Werner Hector, Hasso Plattner, and Claus Wellenreuther, all from Mannheim, Baden-Württemberg) were working in an enterprise-wide system based on this software, only to be told that it would no longer be necessary. Rather than abandoning the project, they decided to leave IBM Tech and start another company.[9] In June 1972, they founded Systemanalyse und Programmentwicklung ("System Analysis and Program Development") company, as a private partnership under the German Civil Code.[9] Their first client was the German branch of Imperial Chemical Industries in Östringen,[10] where they developed mainframe programs for payroll and accounting. Instead of storing the data on punch cards mechanically, as IBM did, they stored it locally in the Electronic System which using common Logical database for all activities of Organization.[clarification needed] Therefore, they called their software a real-time system, since there was no need to process the punch cards overnight (for this reason their flagship product carried an R in its name until the late 1990s). This first version was also a standalone software that could be offered to other interested parties.[11] Enterprise Resource Planning[edit] In 1973, the first commercial product was launched. It was called SAP R/98,[12] and offered a common system for multiple tasks. This permitted the use of a centralized data storage, improving the maintenance of data. From a technical point of view, therefore, a database was necessary.[13] In 1976, SAP GmbH was founded, and moved its headquarters the following year to Walldorf, Germany. Three years later, in 1979, SAP launched SAP R/2, expanding the capabilities of the system to other areas, such as material management and production planning. In 1981, SAP brought a re-designed product to market. However, SAP R/2 did not improve until the period between 1985 and 1990. SAP released the new SAP R/3 in 1992. SAP developed and released several versions of R/3 through 1995. By the mid-1990s, SAP followed the trend from mainframe computing to client/server architectures. The development of SAP's internet strategy with redesigned the concept of business processes (integration via Internet).[9] As a result, R/3 was replaced with the introduction of SAP ERP Central Component (ECC) 5.0 in 2004.[14] Architectural changes were also made to support an enterprise service architecture to transition customers to a services-oriented architecture. The latest version, SAP ERP 6.0, was released in 2006. SAP ERP 6.0 has since then been updated through SAP enhancement packs, the most recent: SAP enhancement package 8 for SAP ERP 6.0 in 2016.[15] Corporate restructuring[edit] In August 1988, SAP GmbH became SAP AG, and public trading started on 4 November 1988. Shares were listed on the Frankfurt and Stuttgart stock exchanges.[9] In 1995, SAP was included in the German stock index DAX and, on 22 September 2003, SAP was included in the Dow Jones STOXX 50.[16] The company's official name became SAP AG (a public limited company) after the 2005 annual general meeting. In 2014, SAP changed from an AG to a European Company (Societas Europaea or SE).[17] Focus on cloud[edit] Since 2012, SAP has acquired several companies that sell cloud-based products, with several multibillion-dollar acquisitions seen by analysts as an attempt to challenge competitor Oracle.[18] In 2014 SAP bought Concur Technologies, a provider of cloud-based travel and expense management software, for $8.3 billion, SAP's most expensive purchase to that date.[19] Analysts' reactions to the purchase were mixed, with Thomas Becker of Commerzbank questioning whether Concur was the right choice for SAP, while Credit Suisse called the acquisition an "aggressive" move.[20] In 2014, IBM and SAP began a partnership to sell cloud-based services.[21] Likewise, in 2015, SAP also partnered with HPE to provide secure hybrid cloud-based services running the SAP platform.[22] Both HPE and IBM provide infrastructure services to SAP, and SAP runs its SAP HANA cloud solution on top. SAP has announced additional partnerships with Microsoft in order to give customers tools for data visualization, as well as improved mobile applications.[23] SAP exceeded its revenue projections due to the expansion in its cloud business and the success of SAP HANA. The growth can also be partially attributed to the acquisitions of Concur and Fieldglass.[24] The company announced plans in 2016 to invest heavily into technology relating to Internet of Things (IoT) as part of a strategy to capitalize on the growth in that market. For that purpose, €2 billion is planned for investment in relevant sectors by the end of 2020.[25] SAP will also launch a new product line called SAP IoT, which "will combine large amounts of data from things connected to the Internet with machine learning and SAP's real-time database S/4 HANA."[25] SAP S/4HANA[edit] In 2015, the company launched SAP S/4HANA, the newest generation of the SAP Business Suite. It was written natively for the SAP HANA platform. It offers cloud, on-premises and hybrid deployment options to customers, with its benefits including a smaller data footprint, higher throughput, faster analytics and faster access to data. It also allows existing SAP Business Suite customers to upgrade to this product from SAP Business Suite.[26] In 2016, SAP introduced SAP HANA, Express Edition which is meant to run on personal computers or on cloud computing platforms for students and other small-scale developers.[27] Bill McDermott, CEO of SAP, compared the release of SAP S/4HANA to a "moonshot", describing it as the most important launch in the company's history.[28] Acquisitions[edit] This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (February 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Acquisition number Acquired company Acquisition date Specialty Country of origin Acquisition costs 67 CallidusCloud Jan 2018[29] Sales Performance Management Tool USA 2.24 b 66 Jan 2018[30] Conversational User Experience Technology France 65 Gigya Sep 2017[31] Identity Management USA $350m 64 Abakus Dec 2016[32] Marketing attribution USA 63 Plat.One Oct 2016 IoT USA 62 Altiscale Aug 2016 Big Data and Hadoop Hosting USA $125m+ 61 Fedem Technology Jun 2016 IoT Norway 60 MeLLmo Inc. (Roambi ) Feb 2016 Mobile Business Intelligence USA 59 Concur Technologies Sept 2014 Travel and Expense Management USA $8.3b 58 SeeWhy May 2014 Behavioural target marketing USA $1.1b 57 Fieldglass Mar 2014 Contingent labour and services USA 56 KXEN Oct 2013 Predictive analytics France 55 hybris May 2013 E-Commerce Solutions Switzerland 54 Camilion March 2013 Insurance solutions Canada 53 SmartOps Feb 2013 Inventory optimization USA 52 Ticket-Web Feb 2013 CRM for sports and entertainment promoters USA 51 Ariba Oct 2012 Supplier network USA $4.3b 50 Syclo Jun 2012 Mobile asset management USA 49 datango Jan 2012 Electronic performance support technologies Germany 48 SuccessFactors Dec 2011 Human Capital Management USA $3.4b 47 Right Hemisphere Sep 2011 3D visualization USA 46 Crossgate Sep 2011 B2B eCommerce Germany 45 Secude Mar 2011 Security software (Not the whole company, only some assets were acquired) Germany 44 Cundus Dec 2010 Disclosure Management Germany 43 Sybase May 2010 Database, middleware, mobile software USA $5.8b 42 TechniData May 2010 Environmental, Health and Safety Germany 41 SAF Sep 2009 Inventory Management Switzerland $91m 40 Highdeal May 2009 High-volume billing France 39 Visiprise Jul 2008 Manufacturing Execution USA 38 Saicon INC Oct 2014 US Recruitment India 37 BusinessObjects Oct 2007 Business Intelligence France $6.78b 36 Yasu Technologies Pvt. Ltd. Oct 2007 Business Rules Management Software India 35 Wicom Communications May 2007 Internet Communication software Finland 34 MaXware May 2007 Identity software Norway 33 Outlooksoft May 2007 Planning & consolidation USA 32 Pilot Software Feb 2007 Strategy Management software USA ~$200m 31 Factory Logic Dec 2006 Lean scheduling and supply synchronisation USA 30 Praxis Software Solutions Jul 2006 Web-based CRM and eCommerce USA 29 Frictionless Commerce May 2006 SRM software USA 28 Virsa Systems Apr 2006 Compliance solutions USA 27 SAP Systems Integration Dec 2005 Consulting services Germany 26 Callixa Nov 2005 Enterprise Integration Information software USA 25 Khimetrics Nov 2005 retail software USA 24 Triversity Sep 2005 POS software Canada 23 Lighthammer Jun 2005 Manufacturing Intelligence and Collaborative Manufacturing USA 22 DCS Quantum Feb 2005 Automotive Dealer Management United Kingdom 21 TomorrowNow Jan 2005 grey-market support USA 20 ilytix Jan 2005 SAP BusinessOne Business Intelligence Norway 19 A2i Jul 2004 Master Data Management USA 18 SPM Technologies Dec 2003 IT architecture consulting Germany 17 DCW Software Jul 2003 OS/400 Applications Germany 16 Guimachine Dec 2002 NetWeaver Visual Composer toolkit USA 15 IMHC May 2001 Integrated managed health care from IDS USA 14 Expression May 2002 real-time file sharing  ? 13 Topmanage Feb 2002 SAP BusinessOne Suite Israel 12 Paynet International AG Dec 2001 Invoice Processing Germany 11 COPA GmbH Nov 2001 Beverage industry consulting Germany 10 Infinite Data Structures May 2001 Trade Management / CRM USA 9 Toptier Mar 2001 Enterprise Information Portal and Integration Infrastructure USA ~$400m 8 Prescient Consulting Feb 2000 Consulting services USA 7 In-Q-My Technologies GmbH 2000 J2EE Server Bulgaria 6 Campbell Software 1999 Workforce Management USA 5 AMC Development 1998 Call Center telephony integration software USA 4 OFEK-Tech 1998 Warehousing and distribution centre software Israel 3 Kiefer & Veittinger 1997 Sales force Applications Germany 2 Dacos 1996 Retail solution Germany 1 Steeb 1991 Software and Consulting Services Germany

Business and markets[edit] As of 2016[update], SAP is the world's third largest software and programming company.[33] The corporation operates in Europe, Asia, Africa, the Middle East, North America, and South America.[34] SAP focuses on 25 industries and six industry sectors: process industries, discrete industries, consumer industries, service industries, financial services and public services.[35] It offers integrated product sets for large enterprises,[36] mid-sized companies and small businesses.[37]

Enterprise Service-Oriented Architecture[edit] Service-oriented architecture has been incorporated into the SAP ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) system and other products defined within the SAP Enterprise Services Architecture (Enterprise SOA). Enterprise SOA[edit] SAP Enterprise Service Oriented Architecture (or Enterprise SOA) is SAP SE's service-oriented architecture implementation.[38] Enterprise SOA is enabled by the SAP NetWeaver platform and builds on the benefits of Web services. SAP has positioned Enterprise SOA to deliver the benefits offered by service-oriented architecture, including enabling both flexibility and business efficiency. SAP markets Enterprise SOA as a cost-effective way of adding new applications to existing infrastructure.[39] SAP Solutions that currently use Enterprise SOA are mySAP CRM, mySAP ERP, and mySAP SRM.

Partnerships[edit] SAP partners include Global Services Partners with cross-industry multinational consulting capabilities,[40] Global Software Partners providing integrated products that complement SAP Business Suite solutions,[41] and Global Technology Partners providing user companies with a wide range of products to support SAP technology, including vendors of hardware, database, storage systems, networks, and mobile computing technology.[42] Extensions partners are companies which provide functionality that complements SAP product capabilities. Their products are certified, sold, and supported by SAP. These partner companies include Adobe, CA Technologies, GK Software,[43] Hewlett-Packard, IDS Scheer, OpenText, Knoa Software, and BackOffice Associates.[44] SAP has also partnered with Apple to work on the mobile experience for SAP enterprise customers. As part of the partnership, a new SAP HANA Cloud Platform SDK would be delivered exclusively for iOS. As a result, developers can build applications based on the SAP HANA Cloud Platform for the iPhone and iPad devices. The partnership was announced in May 2016.[45]

SAP PartnerEdge[edit] SAP products for small businesses and midsize companies are delivered through its global partner network. The SAP PartnerEdge programme, SAP's partner programme, offers a set of business enablement resources and program benefits to help partners including value-added resellers (VARs) and independent software vendors (ISVs) be profitable and successful in implementing, selling, marketing, developing and delivering SAP products to a broad range of customers.[46]

Communities[edit] SAP Community Network (SCN) is a community of SAP customers, partners, employees, and influencers – typically in roles such as: developers, consultants, integrators, and business analysts – who gain and share knowledge about ABAP, Java, .NET, SOA, and other technologies, plus analytics and dashboards, business process best practices, cloud, mobile, big data, and a range of other topics via blogs, discussion forums, downloads and code samples, training materials, and a technical library.[47]

Organization[edit] This section relies too much on references to primary sources. Please improve this section by adding secondary or tertiary sources. (July 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) SAP uses a two-tier structure of boards, with an executive board and a supervisory board. As of 2016, members of the executive board were Bill McDermott (CEO and Chairman, joined in 2008), Robert Enslin (2014) Bernd Leukert (2014), Luka Mucic (CFO, 2014), Michael Kleinemeier (2015), Stefan Ries (2016), Steve Singh (2016) and Gerhard Oswald (1996).[48] Functional units of SAP are split across different organizational units for R&D needs, field activities and customer support. SAP Labs are mainly responsible for product development whereas the field organizations spread across each country are responsible for field activities such sales, marketing and consulting. Headquarters is responsible for overall management as well as core Engineering activities related to product development. Worldwide customer support is not provided by the field organizations but by a unified organization called Active Global Support (AGS).[49]

SAP Labs[edit] This section relies too much on references to primary sources. Please improve this section by adding secondary or tertiary sources. (October 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) SAP Labs are R&D locations that develop and improve SAP core products. SAP Labs are strategically located in high-tech clusters around the globe. SAP Labs are located in Germany (main locations: Walldorf/Rot, Markdorf, Berlin), United States (main location: Silicon Valley), India (main location: Bangalore), China (main location: Shanghai), Brazil (main location: Sao Leopoldo), Bulgaria (main location: Sofia), Canada (main locations: Vancouver, Montreal), Vietnam (main location: Ho Chi Minh City), Israel (main location: Ra'anana), CIS (main location: Moscow), France (main location: Paris, Sophia Antipolis), Ireland (main location: Dublin), Hungary (main location: Budapest), Slovakia (main location: Bratislava), Czech Republic (main location: Brno), Poland (main location: Gliwice). SAP's main 4 Labs' locations are Germany, India, China and the US. Labs Walldorf was founded in 1972 and became SAP's first location. At the beginning, the focus of SAP expansion was entering highly developed IT markets: in 1993 Palo Alto becomes a part of SAP Labs‘ locations. Aiming to acquire talented employees, in 1998, SAP opens its Labs in Bangalore, in 2003 – in China. Among the latest SAP Labs are Labs Czech Republic, Slovakia and Poland. All three labs have been established in 2016. In order to manage SAP Labs, SAP Labs Network (SLN) was created. SLN is a global unit that manages regional Labs and shares best business practices. It coordinates and distributes development projects among individual SAP Labs locations, accelerates product delivery, gives SAP full access to talent, and drives SAP corporate strategy regarding innovation and business growth.[50]

SAP User Groups[edit] This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) SAP User Groups are independent, non-profit organizations of SAP customers and SAP partners. They serve as communications channel for their members towards SAP and for SAP towards the markets. The Americas' SAP Users' Group (ASUG) is the company's largest user group, with 100,000 individuals at 3,800 companies. ASUG members are professionals who work in more than 17 industries. Many are technical and business process experts in the SAP ecosystem; they have varied levels of experience, and come from small businesses to global corporations, as well as universities. In 2007, the SAP User Group Executive Network (SUGEN) was established. SAP provoked controversy and frustration among its users in 2008 by raising the cost of its maintenance contracts. The issue was the subject of intense discussion among user groups.[51]

Conferences[edit] SAP has two annual conferences: SAPPHIRE is SAP's customer-facing event, where it generally announces major product changes and strategic direction. It is typically held in the spring in North America.[52][53] SAP TechEd is the company's more technical conference, aimed at SAP's ecosystem of consultants and software development partners.[54][55] SAP TechEd has been held annually since 1995.

Competitive landscape[edit] SAP competitors are primarily in the enterprise resource planning software industry. In this field, Oracle Corporation is SAP's major competitor. SAP also competes in the customer relationship management, marketing & sales software, manufacturing, warehousing & industrial software, and supply chain management & logistics software sectors.[56] Oracle Corporation filed a lawsuit against SAP for malpractice and unfair competition in the California courts in 2007. SAP lost the case in 2010 and was ordered to pay a sum of US $1.3 billion, which was cited as the largest copyright infringement judgment in history.[57] The verdict was overturned in 2011,[58] and the lawsuit was finally settled in 2014 for $356.7 million.[59] The resulting pressure saw SAP and SUGEN (SAP User Group Executive Network) agree to a major benchmarking exercise to prove the value of the new support pricing policy to customers. In December 2009, SAP delayed its Enterprise Support price rises until agreement had been reached on the benchmarks and KPIs (Key Performance Indicators).[60] In January 2010, SAP reversed its direction on Enterprise Support and reintroduced its standard support package for customers. The move to reinstate standard support – at 18 percent of annual license fees, "will enable all customers to choose the option that best meets their requirements", the company said.[61] In August 2013, SAP acquired German software company Hybris for eCommerce capabilities.[62][63]

Philanthropic efforts[edit] SAP has donated several millions of dollars to a variety of global health causes including the Product Red campaign and the Global Fund.[64][65] In addition, SAP has distributed free software in South Africa as part of an effort towards developing future markets there.[66] The company also encourages employees to volunteer through social sabbaticals, sending teams of people to different countries to aid non-profits. SAP employees have volunteered in China, India, Brazil, and South Africa.[67]

Autism hiring[edit] SAP also engages in outreach activities within its company. In 2013, the company launched an initiative to hire employees with autism and Asperger syndrome, citing their undervalued ability to contribute to its workforce. SAP aims to compose 1% of its workforce with autistic people by the year 2020.[68]

Bribery and corruption[edit] South African allegations[edit] In July 2017, allegations were made that SAP had been involved in business transactions with the controversial and politically influential Gupta family in South Africa. SAP was accused of paying CAD House, a Gupta-controlled company, R100 million in order to secure a Transnet deal. SAP denied the allegations, claiming that the money was paid as "an extension of the sales force", despite CAD House having no prior SAP experience.[69][70] The Guptas' dealings with SAP were revealed in a widely publicised e-mail leak.[71][72] As a consequence of the allegations, SAP launched an investigation that led to four of its South African managers being placed on administrative leave along with the seizure of their mobile phones and computers.[73] Claas Kuehnemann was named as acting managing director for Africa while the investigation continued.[74] On 26 October 2017, SAP announced that it had voluntarily reported itself to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission for a possible violation of US law, including the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, related to the South African bribery allegations. SAP's own investigation, conducted by law firm Baker McKenzie, revealed that SAP had paid $7.7 million dollars in commissions to third-parties linked to the Gupta family while securing contracts worth $48 million dollars with Transnet and Eskom.[75][76][77] Panamanian bribery[edit] In May 2015, SAP agreed to pay $3.9 million to settle U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission civil charges over a former executive's scheme to bribe Panama government officials in order to win lucrative technology contracts.[78]

See also[edit] Companies portal Computer Science portal List of ERP software packages List of SAP products SAP Center, an indoor arena in San Jose, California that bears the company's name via a sponsorship contract SAP Fiori SAP Implementation SAP ERP

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External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to SAP. Official website Business data for SAP SE: Reuters SEC filings v t e SAP SE Founders Dietmar Hopp Hans-Werner Hector Hasso Plattner Klaus Tschira Claus Wellenreuther Board of directors Hasso Plattner (Chairman) Lars Lamadé (Deputy Chairman) Pekka Ala-Pietilä Thomas Bamberger Panagiotis Bissiritsas Wilhelm Haarmann Peter Koop Christiane Kuntz-Mayr Bernard Liautaud Gerhard Maier Hartmut Mehdorn Hans-Bernd Meier Joachim Milberg Erhard Schipporeit Stefan Schulz Klaus Wucherer Executive board Bill McDermott Robert Enslin Michael Kleinemeier Bernd Leukert Gerhard Oswald Luka Mucic Michael Kleinemeier Stefan Ries Steve Singh Technologies SAP HANA SAP Netweaver Service-oriented architecture Enterprise modelling Application lifecycle management Enterprise mobility Application lifecycle management Major locations Corporate/EMEA headquarters: Walldorf, Germany Americas HQ: Newtown Square, USA Asia-Pacific HQ: Singapore Major SAP Labs locations (R&D) Bangalore, India Palo Alto, US São Leopoldo, Brazil Ra'anana, Israel Shanghai, China Sophia-Antipolis, France Montreal, Canada Acquisitions Ariba Concur Technologies SAP Business Objects SuccessFactors Sybase Sponsorships Andy Roddick Cirque du Soleil Paula Creamer Ernie Els New York Yankees SAP Center SAP Open San Jose Sharks Sony Ericsson Open Tribeca Film Festival See also ASUG openSAP SAP Community Network SAP Press v t e Euro Stoxx 50 companies of the Euro Area Last updated October 2015 Air Liquide Airbus Allianz Anheuser-Busch InBev ASML Holding Assicurazioni Generali AXA Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria Banco Santander BASF Bayer BMW BNP Paribas Carrefour Saint-Gobain Daimler AG Deutsche Bank Deutsche Post Deutsche Telekom Enel Engie SA Eni E.ON Essilor International Fresenius SE Groupe Danone Iberdrola Inditex ING Group NV Intesa Sanpaolo L'Oréal LVMH Moët Hennessy Louis Vuitton Münchener Rückversicherungs-Gesellschaft Nokia Orange S.A. 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(463) Other notable Philadelphia-based businesses Amoroso's Beneficial Bank Chemtura Day & Zimmermann FMC Corporation Independence Blue Cross Pennsylvania Real Estate Investment Trust Pep Boys Philadelphia Media Network Radian Group Urban Outfitters Notable Philadelphia-based professional partnerships Ballard Spahr Blank Rome Cozen O'Connor Dechert Drinker Biddle & Reath Duane Morris Morgan, Lewis & Bockius Pepper Hamilton Saul Ewing White and Williams Other notable Delaware Valley-based businesses Actua Corporation Airgas AlliedBarton Ametek Aqua America Asplundh Bentley Systems Brandywine Realty Trust Boscov's Carpenter Technology Cephalon Chemours Christiana Care Health System Crozer Keystone Health System David's Bridal DuckDuckGo EPAM Systems EnerSys Liberty Property Trust Penn Mutual Penn National Gaming Rita's Italian Ice SEI Investments SLM SunGard Susquehanna International Group Vanguard Toll Brothers Triumph Group Unisys ViroPharma Vishay Intertechnology VWR Wawa Wilmington Trust W. L. Gore and Associates WSFS Bank Notable Delaware Valley-based US headquarters of foreign businesses Aberdeen Asset Management ACE AgustaWestland AstraZeneca Delaware Investments GlaxoSmithKline ING Group Keystone Foods SAP America Siemens Medical Shire Pharmaceuticals Subaru Teva Pharmaceuticals TD Bank Notable Delaware Valley-based division headquarters of US corporations Acme (Cerberus Capital Management) Centocor (Johnson & Johnson) Colonial Penn (Conseco) Delmarva Power (Exelon) GSI Commerce (eBay) Hercules (Ashland) MAB Paints (Sherwin-Williams) McNeil Laboratories (J&J) Neoware (Hewlett-Packard) PECO (Exelon) QVC (Liberty Media) Rohm and Haas (Dow Chemical) Sunoco (Energy Transfer) Tasty Baking (Flowers Foods) v t e Accounting software Comparison of accounting software Open-source Non-web GnuCash HomeBank KMyMoney RCA Open-Source Application Tryton TurboCASH Web-based FreshBooks Adempiere Apache OFBiz Compiere Dolibarr ERPNext iDempiere IntarS LedgerSMB metasfresh Odoo Openbravo Tryton Freeware NolaPro Outright Retail Acumatica Agresso AME Accounting Software Aplos Software Aria Systems Banktivity CGram Software Cheqbook ClearBooks Coda Financials Eclipse ERP Fortora Fresh Finance FreeAgent Gem Accounts JD Edwards Invoiceit Liberty Accounts Dynamics 365 Moneydance MYOB NetSuite NewViews NOSA XP Open Systems Accounting Software Oracle Applications Pastel Accounting QuickBooks Quicken Reckon Sage 50 Accounting Sage 300 SAP Business One SAP ERP Tally Solutions TRAVERSE Wave Accounting Xero You Need a Budget File formats NV2 OFC OFX QC QFX QIF XBRL Category v t e Major software companies Companies with an annual revenue of over US$3 billion Adobe Systems Amadeus IT Group Apple Inc. Autodesk BMC Software CA Technologies FIS Google Hewlett Packard Enterprise IBM Intuit Infor Microsoft Oracle Corporation Quest Software Sage Group SAP SE Symantec VMware See also Largest IT companies Largest software companies Category:Software companies Retrieved from "" Categories: SAP SE1972 establishments in GermanyBanking software companiesCloud computing providersCompanies based in Baden-WürttembergCompanies established in 1972Companies listed on the New York Stock ExchangeCRM software companiesERP software companiesGerman brandsMultinational companies headquartered in GermanyOpenTravel AllianceSoftware companies of GermanySocietates EuropaeaeCompanies in the Euro Stoxx 501972 in computer science1978 in computer scienceHidden categories: CS1 German-language sources (de)Articles lacking reliable references from February 2018All articles lacking reliable referencesUse British English from May 2015Use dmy dates from January 2013Pages using deprecated image syntaxArticles containing German-language textWikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2017Articles needing additional references from February 2018All articles needing additional referencesArticles containing potentially dated statements from 2016All articles containing potentially dated statementsArticles lacking reliable references from July 2016Articles lacking reliable references from October 2017Articles needing additional references from October 2017

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