Contents 1 Biography 2 Architectural style 3 Legacy 4 Lost works 5 Selected works 6 Publications 7 Notes 8 Other sources 9 External links


Biography[edit] Neutra was born in Leopoldstadt, the 2nd district of Vienna, Austria Hungary, on April 8, 1892 into a wealthy Jewish family. His Jewish-Hungarian father Samuel Neutra (1844–1920)[1][2] was a proprietor of a metal foundry, and his mother, Elizabeth "Betty" Glaser[3] Neutra (1851–1905) was a member of the IKG Wien. Richard had two brothers who also emigrated to the United States, and a sister Pepi Weixlgärtner who was an artist who emigrated to Sweden where her work can be seen at The Museum of Modern Art. Neutra attended the Sophiengymnasium in Vienna until 1910, and he studied under Adolf Loos at the Vienna University of Technology (1910–1918). He was a student of Max Fabiani and Karl Mayreder. In 1912 he undertook a study trip to Italy and Balkans with Ernst Ludwig Freud (son of Sigmund Freud).[citation needed] In June 1914, Neutra's studies were interrupted when he was ordered to Trebinje; he served as a lieutenant in the artillery in the Balkans until the end of the war. He took a leave in 1917 to return to the Technische Hochschule to take his final examinations.[4] After World War I Neutra went to Switzerland where he worked with the landscape architect Gustav Ammann. In 1921 he served briefly as city architect in the German town of Luckenwalde, and later in the same year he joined the office of Erich Mendelsohn in Berlin. Neutra contributed to the firm's competition entry for a new commercial centre for Haifa, Palestine (1922), and to the Zehlendorf housing project in Berlin (1923).[5] He married Dione Niedermann, the daughter of an architect, in 1922. They had three sons, Frank L (1924–2008), Dion (1926–) an architect and his father's partner and Raymond Richard (1939–) a physician and environmental epidemiologist. Neutra moved to the United States by 1923 and became a naturalized citizen in 1929. Neutra worked briefly for Frank Lloyd Wright before accepting an invitation from his close friend and university companion Rudolf Schindler to work and live communally in Schindler's Kings Road House in California. Neutra’s first work in Los Angeles was in landscape architecture, where he provided the design for the garden of Schindler’s beach house (1922–5), designed for Philip Lovell, Newport Beach, and for a pergola and wading pool for Wright and Schindler’s complex for Aline Barnsdall on Olive Hill (1925), Hollywood. Schindler and Neutra collaborated on an entry for the League of Nations Competition of 1926–7; in the same year they formed a firm with the planner Carol Aronovici (1881–1957) called the Architectural Group for Industry and Commerce (AGIC). He subsequently developed his own practice and went on to design numerous buildings embodying the International Style, twelve of which are designated as Historic Cultural Monuments (HCM), including the Lovell Health House (HCM #123; 1929) and the Richard and Dion Neutra VDL Research House (HCM #640; 1966).[5] In California, he became celebrated for rigorously geometric but airy structures that symbolized a West Coast variation on the mid-century modern residence. Clients included Edgar J. Kaufmann, Galka Scheyer, and Walter Conrad Arensberg. In the early 1930s, Neutra's Los Angeles practice trained several young architects who went on to independent success, including Gregory Ain, Harwell Hamilton Harris, and Raphael Soriano. In 1932, he tried to move to the Soviet Union, to help design workers' housing that could be easily constructed, as a means of helping with the housing shortage.[6] In 1932, Neutra was included in the seminal MoMA exhibition on modern architecture, curated by Philip Johnson and Henry-Russell Hitchcock. In 1949 Neutra formed a partnership with Robert E. Alexander that lasted until 1958, which finally gave him the opportunity to design larger commercial and institutional buildings. In 1955, the United States Department of State commissioned Neutra to design a new embassy in Karachi. Neutra's appointment was part of an ambitious program of architectural commissions to renowned architects, which included embassies by Walter Gropius in Athens, Edward Durrell Stone in New Delhi, Marcel Breuer in The Hague, Josep Lluis Sert in Baghdad, and Eero Saarinen in London. In 1965 Neutra formed a partnership with his son Dion Neutra.[5] Between 1960 and 1970, Neutra created eight villas in Europe, four in Switzerland, three in Germany, and one in France. Prominent clients in this period included Gerd Bucerius, publisher of Die Zeit, as well as figures from commerce and science. Richard Joseph Neutra died in Wuppertal, Germany, on April 16, 1970, at the age of 78.[7]


Architectural style[edit] He was famous for the attention he gave to defining the real needs of his clients, regardless of the size of the project, in contrast to other architects eager to impose their artistic vision on a client. Neutra sometimes used detailed questionnaires to discover his client's needs, much to their surprise. His domestic architecture was a blend of art, landscape, and practical comfort. In a 1947 article for the Los Angeles Times, "The Changing House," Neutra emphasizes the "ready-for-anything" plan – stressing an open, multifunctional plan for living spaces that are flexible, adaptable and easily modified for any type of life or event.[8][9] Neutra had a sharp sense of irony. In his autobiography, Life and Shape, he included a playful anecdote about an anonymous movie producer-client who electrified the moat around the house that Neutra designed for him and had his Persian butler fish out the bodies in the morning and dispose of them in a specially designed incinerator. This was a much-embellished account of an actual client, Josef von Sternberg, who indeed had a moated house but not an electrified one. The novelist/philosopher Ayn Rand was the second owner of the Von Sternberg House in the San Fernando Valley (now destroyed). A photo of Neutra and Rand at the home was famously captured by Julius Shulman. Neutra's early watercolors and drawings, most of them of places he traveled (particularly his trips to the Balkans in WWI) and portrait sketches, showed influence from artists such as Gustav Klimt, Egon Schiele etc. Neutra's sister Josefine, who could draw, is cited as developing Neutra's inclination towards drawing.


Legacy[edit] Neutra's son Dion has kept the Silver Lake offices designed and built by his father open as "Richard and Dion Neutra Architecture" in Los Angeles. The Neutra Office Building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. In 1980, Neutra's widow donated the Van der Leeuw House (VDL Research House), then valued at $207,500, to California State Polytechnic University, Pomona (Cal Poly Pomona) to be used by the university's College of Environmental Design faculty and students.[10][11] In 2011, the Neutra-designed Kronish House (1954) on 9439 Sunset Boulevard in Beverly Hills sold for $12.8 million.[12] In 2009, the exhibition "Richard Neutra, Architect: Sketches and Drawings" at the Los Angeles Central Library featured a selection of Neutra's travel sketches, figure drawings and building renderings. An exhibition on the architect's work in Europe between 1960 and 1979 was mounted by the MARTa Herford, Germany. The revival in the late 1990s of mid-century modernism has given new cachet to his work, as with homes and public structures built by the architects John Lautner and Rudolf Schindler. The Kaufmann Desert House was restored by Marmol Radziner + Associates in the mid-1990s. The typeface family Neutraface, designed by Christian Schwartz for House Industries, was based on Richard Neutra's architecture and design principles. In 1977, he was posthumously awarded the AIA Gold Medal, and in 2015 he was honored with a Golden Palm Star on the Walk of Stars in Palm Springs, California.[13]


Lost works[edit] One of the most famous and most photographed Neutra-designed structures was the 1962 Maslon House of Rancho Mirage California, which was infamously demolished in 2002.[14] Neutra's Cyclorama Building at Gettysburg was demolished by National Park Service between March 8–9, 2013.[15]


Selected works[edit] See also: Category: Richard Neutra buildings Miller House, Palm Springs Jardinette Apartments, 1928, 5128 Marathon Street, Hollywood Hills, Los Angeles, California Lovell House, 1929, Los Angeles, California Mosk House, 1933, 2742 Hollyridge Drive, Hollywood, California Nathan and Malve Koblick House, 1933, 98 Fairview Avenue, Atherton, California Universal-International Building (Laemmle Building), 1933, 6300 Hollywood Boulevard, Hollywood, Los Angeles, California Scheyer House, 1934, 1880 Blue Heights Drive, Hollywood Hills, Los Angeles, California William and Melba Beard House (with Gregory Ain), 1935, 1981 Meadowbrook, Altadena California Military Academy, 1935, Culver City Corona Avenue Elementary School, 1935, 3835 Bell Avenue, Bell, California Largent House, 1935, corner of Hopkins and Burnett Avenues, San Francisco Von Sternberg House, 1935, San Fernando Valley Neutra VDL Studio and Residences (also known as Van der Leeuw House or VDL Research House), 1932, Los Angeles, California Sten and Frenke House (Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument #647), 1934, 126 Mabery Road, Santa Monica The Neutra House Project, 1935, Restoration of the Neutra "Orchard House" in Los Altos, California Josef Kun House, 1936, 7960 Fareholm Drive, Nichols Canyon, Hollywood Hills, Los Angeles, California[16] George Kraigher House, 1937, 525 Paredes Line Road, Brownsville, Texas Landfair Apartments, 1937, Westwood, Los Angeles, California Strathmore Apartments, 1937, Westwood, Los Angeles, California Aquino Duplex, 1937, 2430 Leavenworth Street, San Francisco Leon Barsha House (with P. Pfisterer), 1937, 302 Mesa Road, Pacific Palisades, California Miller House,[17] 1937, Palm Springs, California Windshield House,[18] 1938, Fisher's Island, New York Lewin House, 1938, 512 Ocean Front Walk, Santa Monica, Los Angeles Emerson Junior High School, 1938, 1650 Selby Avenue, West Los Angeles, California Ward-Berger House, 1939, 3156 North Lake Hollywood Drive, Hollywood Hills, Los Angeles, California Kelton Apartments, Westwood, Los Angeles Beckstrand House, 1940, 1400 Via Montemar, Palos Verdes Estates, Los Angeles Bonnet House, 1941, 2256 El Contento Drive, Hollywood Hills, Los Angeles, California Neutra/Maxwell House, 1941, Angelino Heights, Los Angeles Van Cleef Residence, 1942, 651 Warner Avenue, Westwood, Los Angeles Channel Heights Housing Projects, 1942, San Pedro, California John Nesbitt House, 1942, 414 Avondale, Brentwood, Los Angeles Kaufmann Desert House,[19][20][21] 1946, Palm Springs, California Stuart Bailey House, 1948, Pacific Palisades, California (Case Study 20A) Case Study Houses #6, #13, #20A, #21A Schmidt House, 1948, 1460 Chamberlain Road, Linda Vista, Pasadena, California Joseph Tuta House, 1948, 1800 Via Visalia, Palos Verdes, California Holiday House Motel, 1948, 27400 Pacific Coast Highway, Malibu, California Elkay Apartments, 1948, 638-642 Kelton Avenue, Westwood, Los Angeles Gordon Wilkins House, 1949, 528 South Hermosa Place, South Pasadena, California[22][23] Alpha Wirin House, 1949, 2622 Glendower Avenue, Los Feliz, Los Angeles Hines House, 1949, 760 Via Somonte, Palos Verdes, California Atwell House, 1950, 1411 Atwell Road, El Cerrito, California Nick Helburn House, 1950, Sourdough Road, Bozeman, Montana Neutra Office Building — Neutra's design studio from 1950 to 1970 Kester Avenue Elementary School, 5353 Kester Avenue, Los Angeles (with Dion Neutra), 1951, Sherman Oaks, California Everist House, 1951, 200 W. 45th Street, Sioux City, Iowa[24] Moore House, 1952, Ojai, California (received AIA award) Perkins House, 1952–55, 1540 Poppypeak Drive, Pasadena, California Schaarman House, 1953, 7850 Torreyson Drive, Hollywood Hills, Los Angeles, California Olan G. and Aida T. Hafley House, 1953, 5561 East La Pasada Street, Long Beach[25] Brown House, 1955, 10801 Chalon Road, Bel Air, Los Angeles Kronish House, 1955, Beverly Hills, California[26] Sidney R. Troxell House,[27] 1956, 766 Paseo Miramar, Pacific Palisades, California Chuey House, 1956, 2460 Sunset Plaza Drive, Hollywood Hills, Los Angeles, California[28] Clark House, 1957, Pasadena, California Airman's Memorial Chapel, 1957, 5702 Bauer Road, Miramar, California Sorrell's House, 1957, Old State Highway 127, Shoshone, California [29] Ferro Chemical Company Building, 1957, Cleveland, Ohio The Lew House, 1958, 1456 Sunset Plaza Drive, Los Angeles Connell House, 1958, Pebble Beach, California Mellon Hall and Francis Scott Key Auditorium, 1958, St. John's College, Annapolis, Maryland Riviera United Methodist Church, 1958, 375 Palos Verdes Boulevard, Redondo Beach Loring House, 1959, 2456 Astral Drive, Los Angeles (addition by Escher GuneWardena Architecture, 2006 Singleton House, 1959, 15000 Mulholland Drive, Hollywood Hills, Los Angeles, California Oyler House, 1959 Lone Pine, California Garden Grove Community Church, Community Church, 1959 (Fellowship Hall and Offices), 1961 (Sanctuary), 1968 (Tower of Hope), Garden Grove, California Three senior officer's quarters on Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho, 1959 Julian Bond House, 1960, 4449 Yerba Santa, San Diego, California R.J. Neutra Elementary School, 1960, Naval Air Station Lemoore, in Lemoore, California (designed in 1929) Palos Verdes High School, 1961, 600 Cloyden Road, Palos Verdes, California Haus Rang, 1961, Königstein im Taunus, Germany Hans Grelling House/Casa Tuia on Monte Verità, 1961, Strada del Roccolo 11, Ascona, Tessin, Switzerland Los Angeles County Hall of Records, 1962, Los Angeles, California. Gettysburg Cyclorama, 1962, Gettysburg National Military Park, Pennsylvania Gonzales Gorrondona House, 1962, Avenida la Linea 65, Sabana Grande, Caracas, Venezuela Bewobau Residences, 1963, Quickborn near Hamburg, Germany Mariners Medical Arts, 1963, Newport Beach, California Painted Desert Visitor Center, 1963, Petrified Forest National Park, Arizona United States Embassy, (later US Consulate General until 2011), 1959, Abdullaha Haroon Road, Karachi, Pakistan[30] Swirbul Library, 1963, Adelphi University, Garden City, New York Kuhns House, 1964, Woodland Hills, Los Angeles, California Rice House (National Register of Historic Places), 1964, 1000 Old Locke Lane, Richmond, Virginia VDL II Research House,[31][32][33] 1964, (rebuilt with son Dion Neutra) Los Angeles, California Rentsch House, 1965, Wengen near Berne in Switzerland; Landscape architect: Ernst Cramer Ebelin Bucerius House, 1962-1965, Brione sopra Minusio in Switzerland; Landscape architect: Ernst Cramer Haus Kemper, 1965, Wuppertal, Germany Sports and Congress Center, 1965, Reno, Nevada Delcourt House, 1968–69, Croix, Nord, France Haus Pescher, 1969, Wuppertal, Germany Haus Jürgen Tillmanns, 1970, Stettfurt, Thurgau, Switzerland Cyclorama Building, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania Jardinette Apartments, Hollywood Kaufmann House, Palm Springs, California. Garden Grove Community Church, Garden Grove, CA


Publications[edit] 1927: Wie Baut Amerika? (How America Builds) (Julius Hoffman) 1930: Amerika: Die Stilbildung des neuen Bauens in den Vereiningten Staaten (Anton Schroll Verlag) 1935: "New Elementary Schools for America". Architectural Forum. 65 (1): 25–36. January 1935.  1948: Architecture of Social Concern in Regions of Mild Climate (Gerth Todtman) 1951: Mysteries and Realities of the Site (Morgan & Morgan) 1954: Survival Through Design (Oxford University Press) 1956: Life and Human Habitat (Alexander Koch Verlag). 1961: Welt und Wohnung (Alexander Kock Verlag) 1962: Life and Shape: an Autobiography (Appleton-Century-Crofts), reprinted 2009 (Atara Press) 1962: Auftrag für morgen (Claassen Verlag) 1962: World and Dwelling (Universe Books) 1970: Naturnahes Bauen (Alexander Koch Verlag) 1971: Building With Nature (Universe Books) 1974: Wasser Steine Licht (Parey Verlag) 1977: Bauen und die Sinneswelt (Verlag der Kunst) 1989: Nature Near: The Late Essays of Richard Neutra (Capra Press)


Notes[edit] ^ "Chronicles of Brunonia" (PDF). Dl.lib.brown.edu. Retrieved 2015-07-31.  ^ "1837/L". .sympatico.ca. Retrieved 2015-07-31.  ^ or Glazer ^ Esther McCoy.(1974).Letters between R. M. Schindler and Richard Neutra, 1914-1924.Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, Vol. 33, No. 3 (Oct., 1974), pp.219–224 ^ a b c "Richard Neutra". MoMA. 2010-02-22. Retrieved 2015-07-31.  ^ State Archive of the Russian Federation, f R7544, op 1, d 78, l 6 ^ "Richard Joseph Neutra | Austrian-American architect". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-07-27.  ^ Neutra, Richard (1947). "The Changing House". Los Angeles Times.  ^ Cronan, Todd (2011). ""Danger in the Smallest Dose": Richard Neutra's Design Theory". Design and Culture. 3 (2).  ^ "Cal Poly Pomona Given Neutra Research House". Los Angeles Times. 1980-03-02.  ^ "Architect's Home Given To Cal Poly". Los Angeles Times. 1980-05-18.  ^ Lauren Beale (October 14, 2011), Richard Neutra-designed Kronish house sells for $12.8 million Los Angeles Times. ^ Palm Springs Walk of Stars official website Archived 2012-10-13 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Dunning, Brad (April 21, 2002). "A Destruction Site". The New York Times. Retrieved April 20, 2017.  ^ Stansbury, Amy (March 9, 2013). "The death of the Gettysburg Cyclorama building". The Evening Sun. Archived from the original on March 13, 2013. Retrieved July 31, 2015.  ^ Jao, Carren (November 21, 2014) "Devo rocker's new trio works to restore Neutra's Kun House" Los Angeles Times ^ Leet, Stephen; Shulman, Julius (2004). Richard Neutra's Miller House. New York, NY: Princeton Architectural Press. p. 191. ISBN 978-1568982748. LCCN 2003021531. OCLC 473973008.  ^ Neumann, Dietrich, ed. (2001). Richard Neutra's Windshield House. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-09203-2. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ Wyatt, Edward (October 31, 2007). "A Landmark Modernist House Heads to Auction". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-05-24.  ^ Judith Gura (May 1, 2008). "Richard Neutra's Kaufmann House". ARTINFO. Retrieved 2008-05-14.  ^ Friedman, Alice T. (c. 2010). "2. Palm Springs Eternal: Richard Neutra's Kaufmann Desert House". American Glamour and the Evolution of Modern Architecture. New Haven, CN: Yale University Press. p. 262. ISBN 978-0300116540. LCCN 2009032574.  ^ "Richard Neutra – NCMH Modernist Masters Gallery". Trianglemodernisthouses.com. Retrieved 2015-07-30.  ^ [1] Archived April 21, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Everist House Multiple Views (1951)". neutra.org. Archived from the original on 2015-10-17. Retrieved 2015-07-30.  ^ Carol Crotta (May 2, 2015), Neutra restoration in Long Beach honors time and patina Los Angeles Times. ^ "Transitions". Preservation. National Trust for Historic Preservation. 64 (1): 6. January 2012.  |access-date= requires |url= (help) ^ http://www.landliving.com/articles/0000000803.aspx Archived March 23, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Lavin, Sylvia (2004). Form Follows Libido: Architecture and Richard Neutra in a Psychoanalytic Culture. MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-12268-5.  ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GTwjD0K02m4 ^ Obituary For A Consulate Office Building 19 January 2011 Retrieved 31 March 2011 ^ Eastman, Janet (April 17, 2008). "The clock is ticking for Richard Neutra's VDL Research House II". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on July 24, 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-24.  ^ Ayyüce, Orhan (March 17, 2008). "Neutra's VDL House; v. Hard Times". archinect.com. Retrieved 2008-05-24.  ^ "Creative Decorating Ideas". NeutraVDL.org. Retrieved 2015-07-31. 


Other sources[edit] McCoy, Esther (1960). Five California Architects. Reinhold Publishing. ISBN 0-275-71720-8.  reprinted in 1975 by Praeger Hines, Thomas (1982). Richard Neutra and the Search for Modern Architecture. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-503028-1.  reprinted in 1994 by the University of California Press reprinted in 2006 by Rizzoli Publications Lavin, Sylvia (December 1999). "Open the Box: Richard Neutra and the Psychology of the Domestic Environment". Assemblage. The MIT Press. 40 (40): 6–25. doi:10.2307/3171369. JSTOR 3171369.  Lamprecht, Barbara (2000). Richard Neutra: Complete Works. Taschen. p. 360. ISBN 978-3822866221.  Lamprecht, Barbara (2004). Richard Neutra, 1892–1970: Survival Through Design. Taschen. ISBN 3-8228-2773-8.  Lavin, Sylvia (2005). Form Follows Libido: Architecture and Richard Neutra in a Psychoanalytic Culture. MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-12268-5.  Cronan, Todd (July 2011). "Danger in the Smallest Dose: Richard Neutra's Design Theory". Design and Culture. Berg Publishers. 3 (2): 165–191. doi:10.2752/175470811X13002771867806. Archived from the original on 2014-07-14. 


External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Richard Neutra. Finding Aid for the Richard and Dion Neutra Papers, UCLA Library Special Collections. Digitized plans, sketches, photographs, texts from the Richard and Dion Neutra Collection, UCLA Library Special Collections. Jan De Graaff Residence architectural drawings and photographs, circa 1940sHeld by the Department of Drawings & Archives, Avery Architectural & Fine Arts Library, Columbia University] Richard Joseph Neutra papers, 1927-1978 Held in the Dept. of Drawings & Archives, Avery Architectural & Fine Arts Library, Columbia University, New York City Neutra Institute for Survival Through Design Neutra at GreatBuildings.com Neutra at modernsandiego.com Neutra biography at r20thcentury.com[permanent dead link] info and photos from Winkens.ie History, plans and photographs of the VDL I & VDL II Research Houses Neutra VDL Studio and Residences iPad App Richard Neutra and the California Art Club: Pathways to the Josef von Sternberg and Dudley Murphy Commissions R. M. Schindler, Richard Neutra and Louis Sullivan's "Kindergarten Chats" Foundations of Los Angeles Modernism: Richard Neutra's Mod Squad Richard Joseph Neutra papers, 1927-1978, held by the Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University v t e Modernism Milestones Le Déjeuner sur l’herbe (1862-63) Olympia (1863) A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte (1886) Mont Sainte-Victoir (1887) The Starry Night (1889) Ubu Roi (1896) Verklärte Nacht (1899) Le bonheur de vivre (1905-1906) Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907) The Firebird (1910) Afternoon of a Faun (1912) Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2 (1912) In Search of Lost Time (1913–1927) The Metamorphosis (1915) Black Square (1915) Fountain (1917) The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920) Six Characters in Search of an Author (1921) Ulysses (1922) The Waste Land (1922) The Magic Mountain (1924) Battleship Potemkin (1925) The Sun Also Rises (1926) The Threepenny Opera (1928) The Sound and the Fury (1929) Un Chien Andalou (1929) Villa Savoye (1931) The Blue Lotus (1936) Fallingwater (1936) Waiting for Godot (1953) Literature Guillaume Apollinaire Djuna Barnes Tadeusz Borowski André Breton Mikhail Bulgakov Anton Chekhov Joseph Conrad Alfred Döblin E. 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Murnau Georg Wilhelm Pabst Vsevolod Pudovkin Jean Renoir Walter Ruttmann Victor Sjöström Josef von Sternberg Dziga Vertov Jean Vigo Robert Wiene Dance George Balanchine Merce Cunningham Clotilde von Derp Sergei Diaghilev Isadora Duncan Michel Fokine Loie Fuller Martha Graham Hanya Holm Doris Humphrey Léonide Massine Vaslav Nijinsky Alwin Nikolais Alexander Sakharoff Ted Shawn Anna Sokolow Ruth St. Denis Helen Tamiris Charles Weidman Mary Wigman Architecture Alvar Aalto Marcel Breuer Gordon Bunshaft Antoni Gaudí Walter Gropius Hector Guimard Raymond Hood Victor Horta Friedensreich Hundertwasser Philip Johnson Louis Kahn Le Corbusier Adolf Loos Konstantin Melnikov Erich Mendelsohn Pier Luigi Nervi Richard Neutra Oscar Niemeyer Hans Poelzig Antonin Raymond Gerrit Rietveld Eero Saarinen Rudolf Steiner Edward Durell Stone Louis Sullivan Vladimir Tatlin Paul Troost Jørn Utzon Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Frank Lloyd Wright Related articles American modernism Armory Show Art Deco Art Nouveau Ashcan School Avant-garde Ballets Russes Bauhaus Buddhist modernism Constructivism Cubism Dada Degenerate art De Stijl Der Blaue Reiter Die Brücke Ecomodernism Expressionism Expressionist music Fauvism Fourth dimension in art Fourth dimension in literature Futurism Hanshinkan Modernism High modernism Imagism Impressionism International Style Late modernism Late modernity Lettrism List of art movements List of avant-garde artists List of modernist poets Lyrical abstraction Minimalism Modern art Modernity Neo-Dada Neo-primitivism New Objectivity Orphism Post-Impressionism Postminimalism Postmodernism Reactionary modernism Metamodernism Remodernism Romanticism Second Viennese School Structural film Surrealism Symbolism Synchromism Tonalism Warsaw Autumn v t e Genres of modern architecture Alphabetically Art Deco Art Nouveau Bauhaus Blobitecture Brutalism Constructivism Contemporary Critical regionalism De Stijl Deconstructivism Expressionism Functionalism Futurism Googie High-tech International style Mid-Century modern Modernisme Neo-Futurism Neomodern New Classical New Objectivity Organicism Postconstructivism Postmodernism PWA Moderne Prairie School Rationalist-Fascist Stalinist Streamline Moderne Stripped Classicism Structuralism By start year / decade Modernisme (1888–1911) Art Nouveau (1890–1910) Prairie School (1890s–1920s) Expressionism (1910–) De Stijl (1917–1931) Bauhaus (1919–1933) Constructivism (1920–1932) New Objectivity (1922–1933) Streamline Moderne (1925–1950) Rationalist-Fascist (1920s–1930s) International style (1920s–1960s) Functionalism (1920s–1970s) Futurism (1920s–) Organicism (1920s–) Art Deco (1910–1939) Postconstructivism (1930s) PWA Moderne (1933-1944) Stalinist (1930s–1950s) Googie (1940s–1960s) Mid-century modern (1940s–1960s) Brutalism (1950s–1980s) Structuralism (1959–) Postmodernism (1960s–) Blobitecture (1960s–) Contemporary (1970s–) High-tech (1970s–) Critical regionalism (1980s–) Deconstructivism (1980s–) Neomodern (1990s–) New Classical (1990s–) Neo-futurism (2000s–) Related articles Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 66513638 LCCN: n50004597 ISNI: 0000 0001 2137 2987 GND: 118734679 SELIBR: 218298 SUDOC: 027703274 BNF: cb12197717t (data) ULAN: 500017837 HDS: 27394 NLA: 36537261 NDL: 00451178 NKC: jn20030923035 ICCU: IT\ICCU\CUBV\119236 BNE: XX1220680 RKD: 235524 SNAC: w63x8846 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Richard_Neutra&oldid=822320014" Categories: International style architectsModernist architects from the United StatesJewish architectsAmerican people of Austrian-Jewish descent1892 births1970 deathsRichard Neutra buildingsAustrian architectsGerman architectsModernist architectsArchitects from Los AngelesCalifornia State Polytechnic University, Pomona faculty20th-century Austrian peopleAustrian JewsAustrian expatriates in GermanyAustrian emigrants to the United StatesCommanders Crosses of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of GermanyPeople from LeopoldstadtPeople from Wuppertal20th-century American architectsHidden categories: Webarchive template wayback linksCS1 maint: Extra text: authors listPages using citations with accessdate and no URLArticles which use infobox templates with no data rowsPages to import images to WikidataArticles with hCardsAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from July 2017All articles with dead external linksArticles with dead external links from November 2017Articles with permanently dead external linksAC with 16 elementsWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiersWikipedia articles with ULAN identifiersWikipedia articles with NLA identifiersWikipedia articles with SBN identifiersWikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiersWikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiersNRHP architects


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LeopoldstadtViennaWuppertalWilhelm Exner MedalAIA Gold MedalHelp:IPA/EnglishHelp:IPA/Standard GermanAustrian-AmericanArchitectSouthern CaliforniaModern ArchitectureViennaAustria HungaryJudaismIKG WienUnited StatesAdolf LoosVienna University Of TechnologyMax FabianiKarl MayrederErnst Ludwig FreudSigmund FreudWikipedia:Citation NeededGustav AmmannLuckenwaldeErich MendelsohnDion NeutraNaturalized CitizenFrank Lloyd WrightRudolph Schindler (architect)Kings Road HouseAline BarnsdallLeague Of NationsLovell Health HouseMid-century ModernEdgar J. KaufmannGalka ScheyerWalter Conrad ArensbergGregory AinHarwell Hamilton HarrisRaphael SorianoMoMAPhilip JohnsonHenry-Russell HitchcockUnited States Department Of StateWalter GropiusEdward Durrell StoneMarcel BreuerJosep Lluis SertEero SaarinenGerd BuceriusDie ZeitWuppertalLos Angeles TimesJosef Von SternbergAyn RandVon Sternberg HouseJulius ShulmanGustav KlimtEgon SchieleDion NeutraNeutra Office BuildingNational Register Of Historic PlacesNeutra VDL Studio And ResidencesCalifornia State Polytechnic University, PomonaCal Poly Pomona College Of Environmental DesignKronish HouseSunset BoulevardLos Angeles Central LibraryJohn LautnerRudolph Schindler (architect)Kaufmann Desert HouseMarmol Radziner + AssociatesNeutrafaceChristian SchwartzHouse IndustriesAIA Gold MedalPalm Springs Walk Of StarsPalm Springs, CaliforniaCyclorama Building At GettysburgCategory:Richard Neutra BuildingsEnlargeJardinette ApartmentsHollywood Hills, Los Angeles, CaliforniaLovell HouseLos Angeles, CaliforniaHollywood, CaliforniaAtherton, CaliforniaCarl LaemmleHollywood, Los Angeles, CaliforniaGalka ScheyerHollywood Hills, Los Angeles, CaliforniaAltadenaCulver CityBell, CaliforniaVon Sternberg HouseSan Fernando ValleyNeutra VDL Studio And ResidencesLos Angeles, CaliforniaAnna StenEugene FrenkeLos Angeles Historic-Cultural MonumentSanta MonicaLos Altos, CaliforniaNichols Canyon, Los AngelesHollywood Hills, Los Angeles, CaliforniaLandfair ApartmentsWestwood, Los Angeles, CaliforniaStrathmore ApartmentsWestwood, Los Angeles, CaliforniaLeon BarshaPacific Palisades, Los AngelesPalm Springs, CaliforniaFisher's Island, New YorkEmerson Middle School (Los Angeles)West Los Angeles, CaliforniaHollywood Hills, Los Angeles, CaliforniaKelton ApartmentsWestwood, Los AngelesPalos Verdes EstatesHollywood Hills, Los Angeles, CaliforniaNeutra/Maxwell HouseAngelino Heights, Los AngelesWestwood, Los AngelesSan Pedro, CaliforniaBrentwood, Los AngelesKaufmann Desert HousePalm Springs, CaliforniaPacific Palisades, CaliforniaCase Study HousesLinda Vista, Pasadena, CaliforniaPalos Verdes, CaliforniaPacific Coast Highway (California)Malibu, CaliforniaElkay ApartmentsWestwood, Los AngelesSouth Pasadena, CaliforniaLos Feliz, Los AngelesPalos Verdes, CaliforniaEl Cerrito, CaliforniaBozeman, MontanaNeutra Office BuildingDion NeutraSherman Oaks, CaliforniaSioux City, IowaOjai, CaliforniaAmerican Institute Of ArchitectsThe Constance Perkins HousePasadena, CaliforniaCaliforniaHollywood Hills, Los Angeles, CaliforniaBel Air, Los AngelesKronish HouseHollywood Hills, Los Angeles, CaliforniaClark House (Pasadena, CA)Pasadena, CaliforniaMiramar, CaliforniaShoshone, CaliforniaFerro CorporationClevelandOhioPebble Beach, CaliforniaSt. John's College (Annapolis/Santa Fe)Annapolis, MarylandRedondo Beach, CaliforniaEugene LoringMulholland DriveHollywood Hills, Los Angeles, CaliforniaLone Pine, CaliforniaShepherd's GroveGarden Grove, CaliforniaMountain Home Air Force BaseSan Diego, CaliforniaR.J. Neutra Elementary SchoolNaval Air Station LemooreLemoore, CaliforniaPalos Verdes High SchoolPalos Verdes, CaliforniaKönigstein Im TaunusAsconaTicinoLos Angeles County Hall Of RecordsLos Angeles, CaliforniaCyclorama Building At GettysburgGettysburg National Military ParkQuickbornHamburgNewport Beach, CaliforniaPainted Desert Community Complex Historic DistrictPetrified Forest National ParkKarachi, PakistanAdelphi UniversityWoodland Hills, Los Angeles, CaliforniaRice House (Richmond, Virginia)National Register Of Historic PlacesRichmond, VirginiaNeutra VDL Studio And ResidencesDion NeutraLos Angeles, CaliforniaWengenErnst Cramer (architect)Ebelin Bucerius HouseBrione Sopra MinusioErnst Cramer (architect)WuppertalRenoNevadaCroix, NordNord (département)FranceWuppertalRichard Neutra's Cyclorama BuildingEdit Section: PublicationsLos Angeles TimesWayback MachineThe New York TimesThe Baltimore SunLos Angeles TimesJulius ShulmanInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1568982748Library Of Congress Control NumberOCLCInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-300-09203-2Category:CS1 Maint: Extra Text: Authors ListInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0300116540Library Of Congress Control NumberWayback MachineLos Angeles TimesHelp:CS1 ErrorsWayback MachineInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-262-12268-5International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-275-71720-8International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-19-503028-1Digital Object IdentifierJSTORInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-3822866221International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/3-8228-2773-8International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-262-12268-5Digital Object IdentifierUCLA LibraryUCLA LibraryWikipedia:Link RotTemplate:ModernismTemplate Talk:ModernismModernismLe Déjeuner Sur L’herbeOlympia (Manet)A Sunday Afternoon On The Island Of La Grande JatteMont Sainte-Victoire (Cézanne)The Starry NightUbu RoiVerklärte NachtLe Bonheur De VivreLes Demoiselles D'AvignonThe FirebirdAfternoon Of A Faun (Nijinsky)Nude Descending A Staircase, No. 2In Search Of Lost TimeThe MetamorphosisBlack Square (painting)Fountain (Duchamp)The Cabinet Of Dr. CaligariSix Characters In Search Of An AuthorUlysses (novel)The Waste LandThe Magic MountainBattleship PotemkinThe Sun Also RisesThe Threepenny OperaThe Sound And The FuryUn Chien AndalouVilla SavoyeThe Blue LotusFallingwaterWaiting For GodotModernist LiteratureGuillaume ApollinaireDjuna BarnesTadeusz BorowskiAndré BretonMikhail BulgakovAnton ChekhovJoseph ConradAlfred DöblinE. 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