Contents 1 Population 2 Living conditions 3 Politics 4 Gallery 5 Examples in other countries 6 See also 7 References


Population[edit] They are populated almost exclusively by Black, Amerindian, and mestizo campesinos who since the 1940s have migrated in great waves from Peru's countryside in search of economic opportunity, turning Lima into the fourth-largest city in the Americas. Like many other rapidly industrializing cities, Lima's job market has largely been unable to keep up with this influx of people, forcing many to accept any housing available.[1] Most of the inhabitants of the pueblos jóvenes also came in order to escape terrorism during the 1980s.


Living conditions[edit] The towns are composed of poorly constructed shacks which generally lack running water, and other basic services although electricity is usually available on a pirated DIY basis. In both appearance and culture, they are similar to the favelas of Brazil and other Latin American cities. Crime is rampant. Water delivery or services to these parts of Lima costs between 6 and ten times as much as it does in affluent parts of Lima such as San Isidro or Miraflores. Work to improve life in these areas is carried on by organisations such as the NGO Asociacion SOLAC and the theatre group Vichama.


Politics[edit] Many of the dwellings are painted with the colors of the American Popular Revolutionary Alliance (APRA), the Socialist Party of Peru, or political candidates. Some still bear the logo of now convicted three-term president Alberto Fujimori, sometimes because the resident hasn't had the time or money to repaint their dwelling, sometimes because they still support Fujimori. President Alejandro Toledo, Fujimori's successor, pushed through various initiatives to encourage peasants to return to the farming and mining communities whence they came, but they have not been effective. The Peruvian government has permitted these communities to continue largely because it realizes that, were they to eradicate them, the inhabitants would simply move elsewhere in the city's peripheral areas.[1]


Gallery[edit] New provisorical livings ascending the hill Houses made of simple materials Districts are formed just outside the town Now equipped with electric light and bus More permanent residence are formed Political messages on the walls


Examples in other countries[edit] Arrabal (Puerto Rico) Asentamiento (Guatemala) Barrio (Venezuela) Barrio Marginado (Honduras) Barrio Marginal (Ecuador) Cantegril (Uruguay) Comunas (Colombia) Favela (Brazil) Población callampa or Campamento (Chile) Tugurio or Precario (Costa Rica) Villa Miseria (Argentina) Chacarita (Paraguay) Ghetto (United States)


See also[edit] Colonia (border settlement) Favelas Squatting v t e Lima Metropolitan Area Culture Demographics Flag History Timeline Landmarks Mayors People Sport Transport Districts Central Lima Breña La Victoria Lima Rímac South Central Lima Barranco Jesús María La Molina Lince Magdalena Miraflores Pueblo Libre San Borja San Isidro San Miguel Santiago de Surco Surquillo Cono Este Ate Chaclacayo Cieneguilla El Agustino Lurigancho-Chosica San Juan de Lurigancho San Luis Santa Anita Cono Norte Ancón Carabayllo Comas Independencia Los Olivos Puente Piedra San Martín de Porres Santa Rosa Cono Sur Chorrillos Lurín Pachacamac Pucusana Punta Hermosa Punta Negra San Bartolo San Juan de Miraflores Santa María del Mar Villa el Salvador Villa María del Triunfo Callao Bellavista Callao Carmen de la Legua Reynoso La Perla La Punta Mi Perú Ventanilla v t e Spanish terms for country subdivisions National, Federal Comunidad autónoma Departamento Distrito federal Estado Provincia Región Regional, Metropolitan Cantón Comarca Comuna Corregimiento Delegación Distrito Mancomunidad Merindad Municipalidad Municipio Parroquia Ecuador Spain Urban, Rural Aldea Alquería Anteiglesia Asentamiento Asentamiento informal Pueblos jóvenes Barrio Campamento Caserío Ciudad Ciudad autónoma Colonia Lugar Masía Pedanía Población Ranchería Sitio Vereda Villa Village (Pueblito/Pueblo) Historical subdivisions in italics.


References[edit] ^ a b Lloyd, Peter (1980). The 'young Towns' of Lima: Aspects of Urbanization in Peru. Cambridge: CUP Archive. p. 143. ISBN 0521296889.  Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pueblos_jóvenes&oldid=771880941" Categories: Peruvian societyPopulated places in PeruHuman habitatsShanty towns in South AmericaSlums in South AmericaGeography of LimaHidden categories: Articles needing additional references from January 2017All articles needing additional references


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