Contents 1 History 2 Political organization 3 List of provinces 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 Bibliography 8 External links


History[edit] Main article: History of Argentina During the War of Independence the main cities and their surrounding countrysides became provinces though the intervention of their cabildos. The Anarchy of the Year XX completed this process, shaping the original thirteen provinces. Jujuy seceded from Salta in 1834, and the thirteen provinces became fourteen. After seceding for a decade, Buenos Aires Province accepted the 1853 Constitution of Argentina in 1861, and its capital city was made a federal territory in 1880.[3] A law from 1862 designated as national territories those under federal control but outside the frontiers of the provinces. In 1884 they served as bases for the establishment of the governorates of Misiones, Formosa, Chaco, La Pampa, Neuquén, Río Negro, Chubut, Santa Cruz and Tierra del Fuego.[4] The agreement about a frontier dispute with Chile in 1900 created the National Territory of Los Andes; its lands were incorporated into Jujuy, Salta and Catamarca in 1943.[3] La Pampa and Chaco became provinces in 1951. Misiones did so in 1953, and Formosa, Neuquén, Río Negro, Chubut and Santa Cruz, in 1955. The last national territory, Tierra del Fuego, became the Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur Province in 1990.[3]


Political organization[edit] See also: List of Governors in Argentina Argentina is a federation of twenty-three provinces and one autonomous city, Buenos Aires. Provinces are divided for administration purposes into departments and municipalities, except for Buenos Aires Province, which is divided into partidos. Buenos Aires City itself is divided into communes (comuna). Provinces hold all the power that they chose not to delegate to the federal government;[5] they must be representative commonweaths and must not contradict the Constitution.[6] Beyond this they are fully autonomous: they enact their own constitutions,[7] freely organize their local governments,[8] and own and manage their natural and financial resources.[9] Thus, each province has its own set of provincial laws and justice system, a supreme court, a governor, an autonomous police force, and a congress; in eight provinces this legislature is bicameral, comprising an upper chamber (the Senate) and a lower chamber (the House of Deputies), while in the remaining fifteen provinces and in the Buenos Aires City it is unicameral.[10][A] In case of sedition, insurrection, territorial invasion or any other emergent against the laws of the Nation on any province or the federal capital, the Congress has the authority to declare a federal intervention on the compromised district,[12] even in the absence of a formal request by the affected part.[13] When Congress is in recess and thus unable to decide, the President is entitled to decree such intervention, but this executive order is subject to Congressional override upon the Houses' immediate reassembly.[14] Once intervention is declared the compromised district's government is immediately dissolved—in whole or in part depending on Congressional decision—and the President appoints a representative or intervenor, who will serve for a short time until the emergency is solved. Since 1983 four provinces were intervened, namely Catamarca, Corrientes (twice), Santiago del Estero (twice) and Tucumán.[15] During the 20th century, some provinces have had governments traditionally controlled by a single family (i.e. the Saadi family in Catamarca, or the Sapag family in Neuquén); in one case, it is still the situation as of 2009: the Province of San Luis was ruled almost without a break by the Rodríguez Saá family since December 1983.[16] Article 61 of the Constitution of the city of Buenos Aires states that "Suffrage is free, equal, secret, universal, compulsory and not accumulative. The foreign residents enjoy this right, with the correlative obligations, on equal terms with Argentine citizens registered in this district, in the terms established by the law."[17]


List of provinces[edit] Provinces of Argentina[18] Flag Province Capital HASC subdivision code Population[1] Area Ciudad de Buenos Aires Buenos Aires DF 7006289108200000000♠2,891,082 203 km2 (78 sq mi) Buenos Aires La Plata BA 7007155944280000000♠15,594,428 307,571 km2 (118,754 sq mi) Catamarca (San Fernando del Valle de) Catamarca CT 7005367820000000000♠367,820 102,602 km2 (39,615 sq mi) Chaco Resistencia CC 7006105346600000000♠1,053,466 99,633 km2 (38,469 sq mi) Chubut Rawson CH 7005506668000000000♠506,668 224,686 km2 (86,752 sq mi) Córdoba Córdoba CB 7006330482500000000♠3,304,825 165,321 km2 (63,831 sq mi) Corrientes Corrientes CN 7005993338000000000♠993,338 88,199 km2 (34,054 sq mi) Entre Ríos Paraná ER 7006123630000000000♠1,236,300 78,781 km2 (30,418 sq mi) Formosa Formosa FM 7005527895000000000♠527,895 72,066 km2 (27,825 sq mi) Jujuy (San Salvador de) Jujuy JY 7005672260000000000♠672,260 53,219 km2 (20,548 sq mi) La Pampa Santa Rosa LP 7005316940000000000♠316,940 143,440 km2 (55,380 sq mi) La Rioja La Rioja LR 7005331847000000000♠331,847 89,680 km2 (34,630 sq mi) Mendoza Mendoza MZ 7006174161000000000♠1,741,610 148,827 km2 (57,462 sq mi) Misiones Posadas MN 7006109782900000000♠1,097,829 29,801 km2 (11,506 sq mi) Neuquén Neuquén NQ 7005550334000000000♠550,334 94,078 km2 (36,324 sq mi) Río Negro Viedma RN 7005633374000000000♠633,374 203,013 km2 (78,384 sq mi) Salta Salta SA 7006121520700000000♠1,215,207 155,488 km2 (60,034 sq mi) San Juan San Juan SJ 7005680427000000000♠680,427 89,651 km2 (34,614 sq mi) San Luis San Luis SL 7005431588000000000♠431,588 76,748 km2 (29,633 sq mi) Santa Cruz Río Gallegos SC 7005272524000000000♠272,524 243,943 km2 (94,187 sq mi) Santa Fe Santa Fe SF 7006320073600000000♠3,200,736 133,007 km2 (51,354 sq mi) Santiago del Estero Santiago del Estero SE 7005896461000000000♠896,461 136,351 km2 (52,645 sq mi) Tierra del Fuego Ushuaia TF 7005126190000000000♠126,190a 21,263 km2 (8,210 sq mi)a Tucumán (San Miguel de) Tucumán TM 7006144820000000000♠1,448,200 22,524 km2 (8,697 sq mi)


See also[edit] Argentina portal Demographics of Argentina ISO 3166-2:AR, the ISO codes for the provinces of Argentina. List of Argentine Provinces by Human Development Index List of Argentine provinces by gross domestic product Comparison between Argentine provinces and countries by GDP (PPP) per capita


Notes[edit] ^ The City of Buenos Aires is a federal district, but its local organization has similarities with the provinces: it has its own constitution, an elected mayor and representatives to the Senate and Deputy chambers.[11]


References[edit] ^ a b 2010 Census provisional results ^ Constitution of Argentina, art. 3. ^ a b c Rey Balmaceda 1995, p. 19. ^ Rock 1987, p. 155. ^ Constitution of Argentina, art. 121. ^ Constitution of Argentina, arts. 5, 6. ^ Constitution of Argentina, art. 123. ^ Constitution of Argentina, art. 122. ^ Constitution of Argentina, arts. 124, 125. ^ "Legislaturas de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires y provinciales – República Argentina" (in Spanish). Universidad del Salvador. Archived from the original on 15 May 2013.  ^ Constitution of Argentina, art. 129. ^ Constitution of Argentina, art. 6. ^ Constitution of Argentina, art. 75 inc. 31. ^ Constitution of Argentina, art. 99 inc. 20. ^ "Intervenciones en la historia". La Nación (in Spanish). 11 April 2004. Archived from the original on 11 October 2012.  ^ "Archivo Histórico – Gobernadores provinciales de la República Argentina 1983–2007" (in Spanish). Ministerio del Interior – Presidencia de la Nación. Archived from the original on 8 June 2009.  ^ "Constitución de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires" (in Spanish). Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires. October 1, 1996. Archived from the original on 2007-11-22. Retrieved 2007-12-13.  ^ Gwillim Law (30 May 2015). "Provinces of Argentina". Statoids. Retrieved 28 September 2015. 


Bibliography[edit] Legal documents National Constituent Convention (22 August 1994), Constitution of the Argentine Nation, Santa Fe CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) Books Rey Balmaceda, Raúl (1995). Mi país, la Argentina (in Spanish). Buenos Aires: Arte Gráfico Editorial Argentino. ISBN 84-599-3442-X.  Rock, David (1987). Argentina, 1516-1987: From Spanish Colonization to the Falklands War. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0520061781. 


External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Provinces of Argentina. Provinces of Argentina at statoids.com Argentine Provinces since 1973 at World Statesmen v t e Provinces of Argentina Provinces Buenos Aires Catamarca Chaco Chubut Córdoba Corrientes Entre Ríos Formosa Jujuy La Pampa La Rioja Mendoza Misiones Neuquén Río Negro Salta San Juan San Luis Santa Cruz Santa Fe Santiago del Estero Tierra del Fuego Tucumán Autonomous city Buenos Aires City v t e Current Heads of Government of Argentine first level districts Provinces Buenos Aires María Eugenia Vidal (PRO/Cambiemos) Catamarca Lucía Corpacci (PJ/FpV) Chaco Domingo Peppo (PJ) Chubut Mariano Arcioni (PJ) Córdoba Juan Schiaretti (UNA) Corrientes Gustavo Valdés (UCR) Entre Ríos Gustavo Bordet (PJ) Formosa Gildo Insfrán (PJ) Jujuy Gerardo Morales (UCR) La Pampa Carlos Verna (PJ) La Rioja Sergio Casas (PJ) Mendoza Alfredo Cornejo (UCR) Misiones Hugo Passalacqua (FRC/FpV) Neuquén Omar Gutiérrez (MPN) Río Negro Alberto Weretilneck (FG/FpV) Salta Juan Manuel Urtubey (PJ) San Juan Sergio Uñac (PJ) San Luis Alberto Rodríguez Saá (PJ/PF) Santa Cruz Alicia Kirchner (PJ/FpV) Santa Fe Miguel Lifschitz (PS) Santiago del Estero Gerardo Zamora (FCS/FpV) Tierra del Fuego Rosana Bertone (PJ) Tucumán Juan Luis Manzur (PJ) Buenos Aires City Horacio Rodríguez Larreta (PRO) v t e First-level administrative divisions of South American countries Argentina Bolivia Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Guyana Panama1 Paraguay Peru Suriname Trinidad and Tobago1 Uruguay Venezuela 1 Territories also in or commonly reckoned to be elsewhere in the Americas (North America). Table of administrative country subdivisions by country Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Provinces_of_Argentina&oldid=821255874" Categories: Provinces of ArgentinaSubdivisions of ArgentinaLists of subdivisions of ArgentinaFirst-level administrative country subdivisionsArgentina-related listsHidden categories: CS1 Spanish-language sources (es)Articles containing Spanish-language textCS1 maint: Uses authors parameter


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