Contents 1 Province 2 Other types of province-level divisions 2.1 Municipality 2.2 Autonomous region 2.3 Special administrative region (SAR) 3 List of province-level divisions 4 History 4.1 Yuan provinces 4.2 Ming provinces 4.3 Qing provinces 4.3.1 New provinces 4.4 ROC provinces (1912–1949) 4.4.1 Other province-level divisions 4.5 List of PRC province-level divisions 4.5.1 Greater administrative areas 4.5.2 Provinces 4.5.3 Autonomous regions 4.5.4 Municipalities 4.5.5 Special administrative regions 4.5.6 Administrative territories 4.5.7 Regions 4.5.8 Territories 5 Economies 6 See also 7 References 8 External links


Province[edit] The government of each standard province (Chinese: 省; pinyin: shěng) is nominally led by a provincial committee, headed by a secretary. The committee secretary is first-in-charge of the province; second-in-command is the governor of the provincial government. The People's Republic of China claims the island of Taiwan and its surrounding islets, including Penghu, as "Taiwan Province". (Kinmen and the Matsu Islands are claimed by the PRC as part of its Fujian Province. Pratas and Itu Aba are claimed by the PRC as part of Guangdong and Hainan provinces respectively.) The territory is controlled by the Republic of China (ROC, commonly called "Taiwan").


Other types of province-level divisions[edit] Municipality[edit] Main article: Direct-controlled municipalities of China A municipality (simplified Chinese: 直辖市; traditional Chinese: 直轄市; pinyin: zhíxiáshì; literally: "direct-administrated city") or direct-controlled municipality is a higher level of city which is directly under the Chinese government, with status equal to that of the provinces. In practice, their political status is higher than that of common provinces. Autonomous region[edit] Main article: Autonomous regions of China An autonomous region (simplified Chinese: 自治区; traditional Chinese: 自治區; pinyin: zìzhìqū) is a minority subject which has a higher population of a particular minority ethnic group along with its own local government, but an autonomous region theoretically has more legislative rights than in actual practice. The governor of each autonomous region is usually appointed from the respective minority ethnic group. Special administrative region (SAR)[edit] Main article: Special administrative region A special administrative region (SAR) (simplified Chinese: 特别行政区; traditional Chinese: 特別行政區; pinyin: tèbié xíngzhèngqū) is a highly autonomous and self-governing sub national subject of the People's Republic of China that is directly under the Central People's Government. Each SAR has a chief executive as head of the region and head of government. The region's government is not fully independent, as foreign policy and military defence are the responsibility of the central government, according to the basic laws.


List of province-level divisions[edit] GB/T 2260-2007[2] ISO[3] Province Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Capital Population[a] Density[b] Area[c] Abbreviation[d] BJ CN-11 Beijing Municipality 北京市 Běijīng Shì Beijing 19,612,368 1,167.40 16,800 京 Jīng TJ CN-12 Tianjin Municipality 天津市 Tiānjīn Shì Tianjin 12,938,224 1,144.46 11,305 津 Jīn HE (HEB) CN-13 Hebei Province 河北省 Héběi Shěng Shijiazhuang 71,854,202 382.81 187,700 冀(丠) Jì SX (SAX) CN-14 Shanxi Province 山西省 Shānxī Shěng Taiyuan 35,712,111 228.48 156,300 晋 Jìn NM CN-15 Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region 內蒙古自治区 Nèi Měnggǔ Zìzhìqū Hohhot 24,706,321 20.88 1,183,000 內蒙古(内蒙)[4] Nèi Měnggǔ (NèiMěng) LN CN-21 Liaoning Province 辽宁省 Liáoníng Shěng Shenyang 43,746,323 299.83 145,900 辽 Liáo JL CN-22 Jilin Province 吉林省 Jílín Shěng Changchun 27,462,297 146.54 187,400 吉 Jí HL CN-23 Heilongjiang Province 黑龙江省 Hēilóngjiāng Shěng Harbin 38,312,224 84.38 454,000 黑 Hēi SH CN-31 Shanghai Municipality 上海市 Shànghǎi Shì Shanghai 23,019,148 3,630.20 6,341 沪 Hù JS CN-32 Jiangsu Province 江苏省 Jiāngsū Shěng Nanjing 78,659,903 766.66 102,600 苏 Sū ZJ CN-33 Zhejiang Province 浙江省 Zhèjiāng Shěng Hangzhou 54,426,891 533.59 102,000 浙 Zhè AH CN-34 Anhui Province 安徽省 Ānhuī Shěng Hefei 59,500,510 425.91 139,700 皖 Wǎn FJ CN-35 Fujian Province 福建省 Fújiàn Shěng Fuzhou 36,894,216 304.15 121,300 闽 Mǐn JX CN-36 Jiangxi Province 江西省 Jiāngxī Shěng Nanchang 44,567,475 266.87 167,000 赣(干) Gàn SD CN-37 Shandong Province 山东省 Shāndōng Shěng Jinan 95,793,065 622.84 153,800 鲁 Lǔ HA (HEN) CN-41 Henan Province 河南省 Hénán Shěng Zhengzhou 94,023,567 563.01 167,000 豫(予) Yù HB (HUB) CN-42 Hubei Province 湖北省 Húběi Shěng Wuhan 57,237,740 307.89 185,900 鄂 È HN (HUN) CN-43 Hunan Province 湖南省 Húnán Shěng Changsha 65,683,722 312.77 210,000 湘 Xiāng GD CN-44 Guangdong Province 广东省 Guǎngdōng Shěng Guangzhou 104,303,132 579.46 180,000 粤 Yuè GX CN-45 Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region 广西壮族自治区 Guǎngxī Zhuàngzú Zìzhìqū Nanning 46,026,629 195.02 236,000 桂 Guì HI CN-46 Hainan Province 海南省 Hǎinán Shěng Haikou 9,171,300[5] 255.04 34,000 琼 Qióng CQ CN-50 Chongqing Municipality 重庆市 Chóngqìng Shì Chongqing 28,846,170 350.50 82,300 渝 Yú SC CN-51 Sichuan Province 四川省 Sìchuān Shěng Chengdu 80,418,200 165.81 485,000 川(蜀) Chuān (Shǔ) GZ CN-52 Guizhou Province 贵州省 Guìzhōu Shěng Guiyang 34,746,468 197.42 176,000 贵(黔) Guì (Qián) YN CN-53 Yunnan Province 云南省 Yúnnán Shěng Kunming 45,966,239 116.66 394,000 云(滇) Yún (Diān) XZ CN-54 Tibet Autonomous Region 西藏自治区 Xīzàng Zìzhìqū Lhasa 3,002,166 2.44 1,228,400 藏(䒙) Zàng SN (SAA) CN-61 Shaanxi Province 陕西省 Shǎnxī Shěng Xi'an 37,327,378 181.55 205,600 陕(秦) Shǎn (Qín) GS CN-62 Gansu Province 甘肃省 Gānsù Shěng Lanzhou 25,575,254 56.29 454,300 甘(陇) Gān (Lǒng) QH CN-63 Qinghai Province 青海省 Qīnghǎi Shěng Xining 5,626,722 7.80 721,200 青 Qīng NX CN-64 Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region 宁夏回族自治区 Níngxià Huízú Zìzhìqū Yinchuan 6,301,350 94.89 66,400 宁 Níng XJ CN-65 Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region 新疆维吾尔自治区 Xīnjiāng Wéiwú'ěr Zìzhìqū Ürümqi 21,813,334 13.13 1,660,400 新 Xīn TW CN-71[e] Taiwan Province[f] 台湾省 Táiwān Shěng Taipei — — — 台 Tái HK CN-91[g] Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 香港特别行政区 Xiānggǎng Tèbié Xíngzhèngqū Hong Kong 7,061,200 6,396.01 1,104 港 Gǎng MO CN-92[h] Macau Special Administrative Region 澳门特别行政区 Àomén Tèbié Xíngzhèngqū Macau 552,300 19,044.82 29 澳(沃) Ào ^ as of 2010 ^ per km2 ^ km2 ^ Abbreviation in the parentheses is informal ^ Has separate ISO 3166-2 code: TW ^ Since founding in 1949, the People's Republic of China (PRC) has considered Taiwan to be its 23rd province. However, the PRC has never controlled Taiwan. Taiwan (officially the Republic of China) currently administers Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu. The subject of whether or not Taiwan is part of "China" is often debated, with no clear conclusion. ^ Has separate ISO 3166-2 code: HK ^ Has separate ISO 3166-2 code: MO


History[edit] See also: History of the political divisions of China Map of the PRC in 1949. Map comparing administrative divisions as drawn by the PRC and ROC. Administrative divisions of the Republic of China (1912–49). Note: this map depicts the theoretical administrative divisions of the Republic of China, which are not synchronized with the actual administrative divisions of the People's Republic of China. The ROC controls Taiwan and nearby islands while the PRC controls Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau. Yuan provinces[edit] The rulers of China first set up provinces—initially 11 in number—during the Yuan Dynasty (1271–1368) with 2 addition regions: Central region ruled by the Zhongshu Sheng (中書省) and the Tibetan region ruled by the Bureau of Buddhist and Tibetan Affairs (宣政院). Province Provincial seat Notes English Chinese Pinyin English Chinese Pinyin Modern location Gansu 甘肅 (甘肃) Gānsù Ganzhou Circuit 甘州路 Gānzhōu Lù Zhangye Consist of modern location of Gansu, Ningxia, & eastern Inner Mongolia. Huguang 湖廣 (湖广) Húguǎng Wuchang Circuit 武昌路 Wǔchāng Lù Wuhan Consist of modern location of Hunan, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, southern Hubei & western Guangdong. Henanjiangbei 河南江北 Hénánjiāngběi Bianliang Circuit 汴梁路 Biànliáng Lù Kaifeng Consist of modern location of Henan, northern Hubei, northern Jiangsu, & northern Anhui. Jiangxi 江西 Jiāngxī Longxing Circuit 龍興路 (龙兴路) Lóngxìng Lù Nanchang Consist of modern location of Jiangxi & eastern Guangdong. Jiangzhe 江浙 Jiāngzhè Hangzhou Circuit 杭州路 Hángzhōu Lù Hangzhou Consist of modern location of Shanghai, Zhejiang, Fujian, southern Jiangsu, & southern Anhui. Liaoyang 遼陽 (辽阳) Liáoyáng Liaoyang Circuit 遼陽路 (辽阳路) Liáoyáng Lù Liaoyang Consist of modern location of Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, eastern Hebei, northwestern Inner Mongolia, northern Korea, & Outer Manchuria. Lingbei 嶺北 (岭北) Lǐngběi Hening Circuit 和寧路 (和宁路) Héníng Lù Kharkhorin Consist of modern location of Mongolia & southern Siberia. Shaanxi 陝西 (陕西) Shǎnxi Fengyuan Circuit 奉元路 Fèngyuán Lù Xi'an Consist of modern location of Shaanxi & mid-western Sichuan Sichuan 四川 Sìchuān Chengdu Circuit 成都路 Chéngdū Lù Chengdu Consist of modern location of western Sichuan & Chongqing Yunnan 雲南 (云南) Yúnnán Zhongqing Circuit 中慶路 (中庆路) Zhōngqìng Lù Kunming Consist of modern location of Yunnan and Upper Myanmar. Zhengdong 征東 (征东) Zhēngdōng Kaicheng Circuit 開城路 (开城路) Kāichéng Lù Kaesong Consist of modern location of southern Korea. Central region* 中書省 (中书省) Zhōngshū Shěng none Consist of modern location of Beijing, Tianjin, Shanxi, Shandong, northern Henan, central Inner Mongolia, & western Hebei. A direct rule region under Zhongshu Sheng (Central Secretariat). Tibetan region* 宣政院 Xuānzhèng Yuàn none Consist of modern location of Tibet, Qinghai, & western Sichuan. A region set up to supervised Buddhist monks in addition to managing the territory of Tibet under the Bureau of Buddhist and Tibetan Affairs. Ming provinces[edit] The Ming Dynasty (1368–1644) kept the province system set up by the Yuan Dynasty, however, it divided the original 10 provinces into 16 provinces, later 2 capital metropolitan areas and 13 provinces (兩京十三省) within China proper and 5 additional military ruled regions. Province Provincial seat Notes English Chinese Pinyin English Chinese Pinyin Fujian 福建 Fújiàn Fuzhou Prefecture 福州府 Fúzhōu Fǔ Guangdong 廣東 (广东) Guǎngdōng Guangzhou Prefecture 廣州府 (广州府) Guǎngzhōu Gǔ Guangxi 廣西 (广西) Guǎngxī Guilin Prefecture 桂林府 Guìlín Fǔ Guizhou 貴州 (贵州) Guìzhōu Guiyang Prefecture 貴陽府 (贵阳府) Guìyáng Fǔ Henan 河南 Hénán Kaifeng Prefecture 開封府 (开封府) Kāifēng Fǔ Huguang 湖廣 (湖广) Húguǎng Wuchang Prefecture 武昌府 Wǔchāng Fǔ Consist of modern location of Hunan & Hubei. Provincial seat modern location is Wuhan. Jiangxi 江西 Jiāngxī Nanchang Prefecture 南昌府 Nánchāng Fǔ Shaanxi 陝西 (陕西) Shǎnxī Xi'an Prefecture 西安府 Xī'ān Fǔ Consist of modern location of Shaanxi, Gansu, & Ningxia. Shandong 山東 (山东) Shāndōng Jinan Prefecture 濟南府 (济南府) Jǐnán Fǔ Shanxi 山西 Shānxī Taiyuan Prefecture 太原府 Tàiyuán Fǔ Sichuan 四川 Sìchuān Chengdu Prefecture 成都府 Chéngdū Fǔ Consist of modern location of Chongqing & eastern Sichuan. Yunnan 雲南 (云南) Yúnnán Yunnan Prefecture 雲南府 (云南府) Yúnnán Fǔ Provincial seat modern location is Kunming. Zhejiang 浙江 Zhèjiāng Hangzhou Prefecture 杭州府 Hángzhōu Fǔ Jiaozhi 交趾 Jiāozhǐ Jiaozhou Prefecture 交州府 Jiāozhōu Fǔ Consist of modern location of northern Vietnam. 1407–1428 North Zhili 北直隸 (北直隶) Běizhílì Shuntian Prefecture 順天府 (顺天府) Shùntiān Fǔ Consist of modern location of Beijing, Tianjin, & Hebei. Provincial seat modern location is Beijing. South Zhili 南直隸 (南直隶) Nánzhílì Yingtian Prefecture 應天府 (应天府) Yìngtiān Fǔ Consist of modern location of Shanghai, Jiangsu, & Anhui. Provincial seat modern location is Nanjing. Nurgan* 奴兒干 (奴儿干) Nú'ergàn none Consist of modern location of Heilongjiang, Jilin, central-eastern Inner Mongolia, & Outer Manchuria. 1409-1616 Liaodong* 遼東 (辽东) Liáodōng none Consist of modern location of Liaoning. 1375-1621 Ü-Tsang* 烏斯藏 (乌斯藏) Wūsīzàng none Consist of modern location of Tibet. 1372-1565 Dokham* 朵甘 Duǒgān none Consist of modern location of Qinghai & western Sichuan. 1372-1644 Elis* 俄力思 Élìsī none Consist of modern location of Ngari, Tibet. 1375-1565 Qing provinces[edit] By the time of the establishment of the Qing Dynasty (1644–1912) in 1644 there were 18 provinces, all of them in China proper (內地十八省). Anhui (安徽省) Fujian (福建省) Gansu (甘肅省) Guangdong (廣東省) Guangxi (廣西省) Guizhou (貴州省) Henan (河南省) Hubei (湖北省) Hunan (湖南省) Jiangsu (江蘇省) Jiangxi (江西省) Shaanxi (陝西省) Shandong (山東省) Shanxi (山西省) Sichuan (四川省) Yunnan (雲南省) Zhejiang (浙江省) Zhili (直隸省) New provinces[edit] Xinjiang (新疆省) 1884–1912 Fengtian (奉天省) 1907–1912 Jilin (吉林省) 1907–1912 Heilongjiang (黑龍江省) 1907–1912 Taiwan (臺灣省) 1885–1895 Each province had a xunfu (巡撫; xúnfǔ; translated as "governor"), a political overseer on behalf of the emperor, and a tidu (提督; tídū; translated as "captain general"), a military governor. In addition, there was a zongdu (總督; zǒngdū), a general military inspector or governor general, for every two to three provinces. Outer regions of China (those beyond China proper) were not divided into provinces. Military leaders or generals (將軍; jiāngjūn) oversaw Manchuria (consisting of Fengtian (now Liaoning), Jilin, Heilongjiang), Xinjiang, and Mongolia, while vice-dutong (副都統; fù dūtǒng) and civilian leaders headed the leagues (盟長; méng zhǎng), a subdivision of Mongolia. The ambans (駐藏大臣; zhù cáng dàchén) supervised the administration of Tibet. In 1884 Xinjiang became a province; in 1907 Fengtian, Jilin, and Heilongjiang were made provinces as well. Taiwan became a province in 1885, but China ceded Taiwan to Japan in 1895. As a result, there were 22 provinces in China (Outer China and China proper) near the end of the Qing Dynasty. ROC provinces (1912–1949)[edit] The Republic of China, established in 1912, set up four more provinces in Inner Mongolia and two provinces in historic Tibet, bringing the total to 28. In 1931, Ma Zhongying established Hexi in the northern parts of Gansu but the ROC never acknowledged the province. But China lost four provinces with the establishment of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo in Manchuria. After the defeat of Japan in World War II in 1945, China re-incorporated Manchuria as 10 provinces, and assumed control of Taiwan as a province. As a result, the Republic of China in 1946 had 35 provinces. Although the Republic of China now only controls one province (Taiwan), and some islands of a second province (Fujian), it continues to formally claim all 35 provinces (including those that no longer form part of the area of the People's Republic of China). Andong (安東省) 1947–1949 Anhui (安徽省) Fujian (福建省) Gansu (甘肅省) Guangdong (廣東省) Guangxi (廣西省) Guizhou (貴州省) Heilongjiang (黑龍江省) Zhili (直隸省) renamed Hebei (河北省) Hejiang (合江省) 1947–1949 Henan (河南省) Hexi (河西省) 1931, not acknowledged by ROC Hubei (湖北省) Hunan (湖南省) Jiangsu (江蘇省) Jiangxi (江西省) Jilin (吉林省) Liaobei (遼北省) 1947–1949 Fengtian (奉天省) renamed Liaoning (遼寧省) Nenjiang (嫩江省) 1947–1949 Ningxia (寧夏省) 1928–1949 Qahar (察哈爾省) 1928–1949 Qinghai (青海省) 1928–1949 Rehe (熱河省) 1928–1949 Shaanxi (陝西省) Shandong (山東省) Shanxi (山西省) Sichuan (四川省) Songjiang (松江省) 1947–1949 Suiyuan (綏遠省) 1928–1949 Taiwan (臺灣省) 1945–1949 Xing'an (興安省) 1947–1949 Xikang (西康省) 1928–1949 Xinjiang (新疆省) Yunnan (雲南省) Zhejiang (浙江省) Other province-level divisions[edit] Chuanbian Special Administrative Region (川邊特別行政區) 1914–1935 Dongsheng Special Region (東省特別行政區) 1923–1932 Hainan Special Administrative Region (海南特別行政區) 1944–1949 Qahar Special Administrative Region (察哈爾特別行政區) 1914–1928 Rehe Special Administrative Region (熱河特別行政區) 1914–1928 Suiyuan Special Administrative Region (綏遠特別行政區) 1914–1928 Weihai Special Administrative Region (威海衛特別行政區) 1930–1945 Mongolia Area (蒙古地方) 1928–1946 Tibet Area (西藏地方) 1928–1949 Beiping Yuan-controlled Municipality (北平市) 1928–1949 Chongqing Yuan-controlled Municipality (重慶市) 1939–1949 Dalian Yuan-controlled Municipality (大連市) 1945–1949 Guangzhou Yuan-controlled Municipality (廣州市) 1930, 1947–1949 Hankou Yuan-controlled Municipality (漢口市) 1927–1949 Harbin Yuan-controlled Municipality (哈爾濱市) 1946–1949 Nanjing Yuan-controlled Municipality (南京市) 1927–1949 Qingdao Yuan-controlled Municipality (青島市) 1929–1949 Shanghai Yuan-controlled Municipality (上海市) 1927–1949 Shenyang Yuan-controlled Municipality (瀋陽市) 1947–1949 Tianjin Yuan-controlled Municipality (天津市) 1928–1949 Xi'an Yuan-controlled Municipality (西安市) 1948–1949 List of PRC province-level divisions[edit]   abolished   claimed Greater administrative areas[edit] Name Hanzi Pinyin Translation Capital Hanzi Notes Huabei 华北 Huáběi "North China" Beijing 北京 1949–1954 Dongbei 东北 Dōngběi "Northeast" Shenyang 沈阳 1949–1954 Huadong 华东 Huádōng "East China" Shanghai 上海 1949–1954 Zhongnan 中南 Zhōngnán "South Central" Wuhan 武汉 1949–1954 Xibei 西北 Xīběi "Northwest" Xi'an 西安 1949–1954 Xinan 西南 Xīnán "Southwest" Chongqing 重庆 1949–1954 Provinces[edit] Name Hanzi Pinyin Abbreviation Capital Hanzi Note Andong 安东 Āndōng 安 ān Tonghua 通化 1949 abolished → Liaodong, Jilin Anhui 安徽 Ānhuī 皖 wǎn Hefei 合肥 1949 abolished → Wanbei, Wannan; 1952 reverted Chahar 察哈尔 Cháhā'ěr 察 chá Zhangjiakou 张家口 1952 abolished → Inner Mongolia, Hebei Fujian 福建 Fújiàn 闽 mǐn Fuzhou 福州 Gansu 甘肃 Gānsù 甘 gān Lanzhou 兰州 1958 Ningxia split into its own autonomous region Guangdong 广东 Guǎngdōng 粤 yuè Guangzhou 广州 1952 & 1965 Fangchenggang, Qinzhou, Beihai → Guangxi; 1955 reverted 1988 Hainan split into its own province Guangxi 广西 Guǎngxī 桂 guì Nanning 南宁 1958 province → autonomous region Guizhou 贵州 Guìzhōu 黔 qián Guiyang 贵阳 Hainan 海南 Hǎinán 琼 qióng' Haikou 海口 Hebei 河北 Héběi 冀 jì Baoding (1949–54; 1967–68) Tianjin (1954–67) Shijiazhuang (present) 保定 天津 石家庄 1967 Tianjin split into its own municipality Hejiang 合江 Héjiāng 合 hé Jiamusi 佳木斯 1949 abolished → Heilongjiang Heilongjiang 黑龙江 Hēilóngjiāng 黑 hēi Qiqihar (1949–54) Harbin (present) 齐齐哈尔 哈尔滨 1952 part of Xing'an split into Inner Mongolia Henan 河南 Hénán 豫 yù Kaifeng (1949–54) Zhengzhou (present) 开封 郑州 Hubei 湖北 Húběi 鄂 è Wuhan 武汉 Hunan 湖南 Húnán 湘 xiāng Changsha 长沙 Jiangsu 江苏 Jiāngsū 苏 sū Nanjing 南京 1949 abolished → Subei, Subnan; 1952 reverted Jiangxi 江西 Jiāngxī 赣 gàn Nanchang 南昌 Jilin 吉林 Jílín 吉 jí Jilin (1949–54) Changchun (present) 吉林 长春 1952 north part split into Inner Mongolia Liaobei 辽北 Liáoběi 洮 táo Liaoyuan 辽源 1949 abolished → Jilin, Liaoning Liaodong 辽东 Liáodōng 关 guān Dandong 丹东 1954 abolished → Liaoning Liaoning 辽宁 Liáoníng 辽 liáo Shenyang 沈阳 1949 abolished → Liaodong, Liaoxi; 1954 reverted 1952 north part split into Inner Mongolia Liaoxi 辽西 Liáoxī 辽 liáo Jinzhou 锦州 1954 abolished → Liaoning Nenjiang 嫩江 Nènjiāng 嫩 nèn Qiqihar 齐齐哈尔 1949 abolished → Heilongjiang Ningxia 宁夏 Níngxià 宁 níng Yinchuan 银川 1954 province → Gansu Mudanjiang 牡丹江 Mǔdānjiāng 丹 dān Mudanjiang 牡丹江 1949 abolished → Heilongjiang Pingyuan 平原 Píngyuán 平 píng Xinxiang 新乡 1952 abolished → Henan, Shandong Qinghai 青海 Qīnghǎi 青 qīng Xining 西宁 Rehe 热河 Rèhé 热 rè Chengde 承德 1955 abolished → Inner Mongolia, & Liaoning Sichuan 四川 Sìchuān 川 chuān Chengdu 成都 1949 abolished → Chuanbei, Chuandong, Chuannan, Chuanxi; 1952 reverted 1997 Chongqing split into its own municipality Shaanxi 陕西 Shǎnxī 陕 shǎn Xi'an 西安 Shandong 山东 Shāndōng 鲁 lǔ Jinan 济南 Shanxi 山西 Shānxī 晋 jìn Taiyuan 太原 Songjiang 松江 Sōngjiāng 松 sōng Harbin 哈尔滨 1954 abolished → Heilongjiang Suiyuan 绥远 Suíyuǎn 绥 suí Hohhot 呼和浩特 1954 abolished → Inner Mongolia Taiwan 台湾 Táiwān 台 tái Taipei 台北 claimed since 1949 the founding of the PRC Xikang 西康 Xīkāng 康 kāng Kangding (1949–50) Ya'an (1950–55) 康定 雅安 1955 abolished → Sichuan, Yunnan, Tibet Autonomous Region Xing'an 兴安 Xīng'ān 兴 xīng Hulunbuir 呼伦贝尔 1949 abolished → Heilongjiang Xinjiang 新疆 Xīnjiāng 疆 jiāng Ürümqi 乌鲁木齐 1955 province → autonomous region Yunnan 云南 Yúnnán 滇 diān Kunming 昆明 Zhejiang 浙江 Zhèjiāng 浙 zhè Hangzhou 杭州 Autonomous regions[edit] Name Hanzi Pinyin Abbreviation Capital Hanzi Note Guangxi 广西 Guǎngxī 桂 guì Nanning 南宁 1958 province → autonomous region Inner Mongolia 內蒙古 Nèi Měnggǔ 蒙 měng Ulaanhot (1947–50) Hohhot (present) 乌兰浩特 呼和浩特 1947 created; 1969 truncated → Liaoning, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Gansu, Ningxia; 1979 reverted Ningxia 宁夏 Níngxià 宁 níng Yinchuan 银川 1958 special region → autonomous region Tibet 西藏 Xīzàng 藏 zàng Lhasa 拉萨 1965 area → autonomous region Xinjiang 新疆 Xīnjiāng 疆 jiāng Ürümqi 乌鲁木齐 1955 province → autonomous region Municipalities[edit] Name Hanzi Pinyin Abbreviation Capital Hanzi Note Anshan 鞍山 Ānshān 鞍 ān Tiedong District 铁东区 1954 abolished → Liaoning Beijing 北京 Běijīng 京 jīng Dongcheng District Tongzhou District 东城区 通州区 Benxi 本溪 Běnxī 本 běn Pingshan District 平山区 1954 abolished → Liaoning Changchun 长春 Chángchūn 春 chūn Nanguan District 南关区 1953 created; 1954 abolished → Jilin Chongqing 重庆 Chóngqìng 渝 yú Yuzhong District 渝中区 1954 abolished → Sichuan; 1997 reverted Dalian → Lüda 大连→旅大 Dàlián 连 lián Xigang District 西岗区 1949 abolished → Luda, 1950 reverted, 1954 abolished → Liaoning Fushun 抚顺 Fǔshùn 抚 fǔ Shuncheng District 顺城区 1954 abolished → Liaoning Guangzhou 广州 Guǎngzhōu 穗 suì Yuexiu District 越秀区 1954 abolished → Guangdong Harbin 哈尔滨 Hā'ěrbīn 哈 hā Nangang District 南岗区 1953 created, 1954 abolished → Heilongjiang Nanjing 南京 Nánjīng 宁 níng Xuanwu District 玄武区 1952 abolished → Jiangsu Shanghai 上海 Shànghǎi 沪 hù Huangpu District 黄浦区 Shenyang 沈阳 Shěnyáng 沈 shěn Shenhe District 沈河区 1954 abolished → Liaoning Tianjin 天津 Tiānjīn 津 jīn Heping District 和平区 1954 abolished → Hebei, 1967 reverted Hankou → Wuhan 汉口→武汉 Wǔhàn 汉 hàn Jiang'an District 江岸区 1949 abolished → Hubei Xi'an 西安 Xī'ān 镐 hào Weiyang District 未央区 1954 abolished → Shaanxi Special administrative regions[edit] Name Hanzi Pinyin Abbreviation Capital Hanzi Note Hong Kong 香港 Xiānggǎng 港 gǎng Hong Kong 香港 created 1997 (Transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong) Macau 澳门 Àomén 澳 ào Macau 澳门 created 1999 (Transfer of sovereignty over Macau) Administrative territories[edit] Name Hanzi Pinyin Abbreviation Capital Hanzi Note Chuanbei 川北 Chuānběi 充 chōng Nanchong 南充 1950 created; 1952 abolished → Sichuan Chuandong 川东 Chuāndōng 渝 yú Chongqing 重庆 1950 created; 1952 abolished → Sichuan Chuannan 川南 Chuānnán 泸 lú Luzhou 泸州 1950 created; 1952 abolished → Sichuan Chuanxi 川西 Chuānxī 蓉 róng Chengdu 成都 1950 created; 1952 abolished → Sichuan Hainan 海南 Hǎinán 琼 qióng Haikou 海口 1949 abolished → Guangdong Lüda 旅大 Lǚdà 旅 lǚ Dalian 大连 1949 created; 1950 abolished → Dalian Subei 苏北 Sūběi 扬 yáng Yangzhou 扬州 1949 created; 1952 abolished → Jiangsu Sunan 苏南 Sūnán 锡 xī Wuxi 无锡 1949 created; 1952 abolished → Jiangsu Wanbei 皖北 Wǎnběi 合 hé Hefei 合肥 1949 created; 1952 abolished → Anhui Wannan 皖南 Wǎnnán 芜 wú Wuhu 芜湖 1949 created; 1952 abolished → Anhui Regions[edit] Name Hanzi Pinyin Abbreviation Capital Hanzi Note Tibet 西藏 Xīzàng 藏 zàng Lhasa 拉萨 1965 region → autonomous region Territories[edit] Name Hanzi Pinyin Abbreviation Capital Hanzi Note Qamdo 昌都 Chāngdū 昌 chāng Qamdo 昌都 1965 merged into Tibet The People's Republic of China abolished many of the provinces in the 1950s and converted a number of them into autonomous regions. Hainan became a separate province in 1988, bringing the total number of provinces under PRC control to 22.


Economies[edit] The provinces in south coastal area of China—such as Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Fujian and (mainly) Guangdong—tend to be more industrialized, with regions in the hinterland less developed.


See also[edit] China portal Chinese federalism List of China administrative divisions by population List of Chinese administrative divisions by GDP List of provincial leaders of the People's Republic of China Regional discrimination in China Taiwan Province, People's Republic of China Tiao-kuai Yangtze River Delta Zhou (country subdivision)


References[edit] ^ Administrative divisions of China ^ GB/T 2260 codes for the provinces of China ^ ISO 3166-2:CN (ISO 3166-2 codes for the provinces of China) ^ "Xinhua". xinhuanet.com.  ^ "Doing Business in China - Survey". Ministry Of Commerce - People's Republic Of China. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 


External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Provinces of China. Wikivoyage has a travel guide for List of Chinese provinces and regions. Interactive Dbresearch.com: WebMap — with economic indicators for all Chinese Provinces. v t e Provincial-level divisions of the People's Republic of China Provinces Anhui Fujian Gansu Guangdong Guizhou Hainan Hebei Heilongjiang Henan Hubei Hunan Jiangsu Jiangxi Jilin Liaoning Qinghai Shaanxi Shandong Shanxi Sichuan Yunnan Zhejiang Autonomous regions Guangxi Inner Mongolia Ningxia Tibet Xinjiang Municipalities Beijing Chongqing Shanghai Tianjin Special administrative regions Hong Kong Macau Other Taiwan¹ Note: Taiwan is claimed by the People's Republic of China but administered by the Republic of China (see Political status of Taiwan). v t e China articles History China timeline Ancient China (outline) (2070–221 BCE) Imperial China (221 BCE–1911 CE) Republic of China (1912–1949) People's Republic of China−PRC PRC 1949–76 PRC 1976–89 PRC 1989–2002 PRC since 2002 Years in the PRC Geography Natural environment Overviews Borders Extreme points Geology Natural disasters Regions East Northeast North South Central Central South Western Northwest Southwest Terrain Bays Canyons Caves Deserts Grasslands Hills Islands Mountains ranges passes Peninsulas Northeast / North / Central Plains Valleys Volcanoes Water Canals Lakes Rivers Waterfalls Wetlands Water resources Seas Bohai Yellow East China South China Reserves Protected areas National parks Nature reserves UNESCO Biosphere Reserves Wildlife Fauna Flora Government Politics Economy Government and politics Civil service Constitution Elections Environmental policy Foreign relations Military (People's Liberation Army) National People's Congress Standing Committee National security Political parties and movements Communist Party General Secretary Politburo Democratic Parties Anti-democratisation Pro-democratisation President Vice President State Council Premier Vice Premier Administrative divisions Baseline islands Border crossings Cities Province-level subdivisions Law Judicial system Human rights LGBT Law enforcement Nationality law Penal system Economy Agriculture Banking Central bank Economic history Energy Petroleum industry Renewable energy Finance system Foreign aid received Foreign aid program Historical GDP International rankings Poverty Reform Renminbi (currency) Science and technology history Special Economic Zones (SEZs) Standard of living Telecommunications Tourism Transport airports ports and harbors People Society Culture People Demographics Emigration Ethnic groups Internal migration Statistics Urbanization Society Anthem Chinese Dream Corruption Crime Emblem Education universities Flag "Generation Y" Harmonious Socialist Society HIV/AIDS Intellectualism Languages Poverty Public health food safety incidents Public holidays Rural life Sexuality Socialism with Chinese characteristics Social issues Social relations Social structure Social welfare Suicide Terrorism Time zones Urban life Water supply and sanitation Women Xiaokang (middle-class) Primary stage of socialism Culture Archaeology Archives Art Cinema Cuisine Dance Gardens Libraries Literature Martial arts Media newspapers radio television Music Parks Philosophy Religion Smoking Sports Tea culture Tourism Variety arts World Heritage Sites Index Category Portal v t e Articles on first-level administrative divisions of Asian countries Sovereign states Afghanistan Armenia Azerbaijan1 Bahrain Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China province municipality autonomous region SAR Cyprus Egypt1 Georgia1 India Indonesia1 Iran Iraq Israel Japan Jordan Kazakhstan1 North Korea province special city South Korea Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Lebanon Malaysia Maldives Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Oman Pakistan Palestine Philippines Qatar Russia1 Saudi Arabia Singapore Sri Lanka Syria Tajikistan Thailand Timor-Leste (East Timor) Turkey1 Turkmenistan United Arab Emirates Uzbekistan Vietnam Yemen1 States with limited recognition Northern Cyprus Taiwan 1 Country spanning more than one continent (transcontinental country). List of administrative divisions by country Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Provinces_of_China&oldid=824273409" Categories: Provinces of ChinaProvince-level divisions of ChinaLists of administrative divisions of ChinaLists of subdivisions of ChinaAdministrative divisions of ChinaSubdivisions of ChinaHidden categories: Pages using deprecated image syntaxArticles containing Chinese-language textArticles containing Mongolian-language textArticles containing simplified Chinese-language textAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from August 2012Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text


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