Contents 1 Businesses 2 History 3 Archived newspapers 4 Products 5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links

Businesses[edit] ProQuest was founded as a microfilm publisher.[10] It began publishing doctoral dissertations in 1939,[11] has published more than 3 million searchable dissertations and theses,[12] and is designated as an offsite digital archive for the United States Library of Congress.[13] The company's scholarly content includes dissertations and theses, primary source material, ebooks, scholarly journals, historical and current newspapers and periodicals, data sources, and other content of interest to researchers.[14] These are made available through a variety of Web-based interfaces.[15] A recent offering, ProQuest Video Preservation and Discovery Service, allows libraries to preserve and provide access to their proprietary audio and video collections.[16] ProQuest LLC also operates businesses under the following names:[7] Bowker provides bibliographic information management solutions to publishers, libraries and booksellers,[17] and is the ISBN Agency for the United States.[18] Dialog is an online information service with more than 1.4 billion unique records[19] curated for corporate, business and government researchers, with a focus on pharmaceutical, engineering and patent research.[20] EBL (Ebook Library), an ebook aggregator with a catalog of titles from academic publishers, serves academic, corporate and research libraries[21] while supporting emerging collection development models such as patron-driven acquisition.[22] ebrary offers access to ebook collections, by subscription or a perpetual archive model, in subject packages tailored for academic, corporate, government, public and high school libraries.[23] Serials Solutions delivers discovery and e-resource access and management services[24] (ERAMS), using a Software-as-a-Service model.[25]

History[edit] 2008 conference booth Eugene Power, a 1930 M.B.A. graduate of the University of Michigan, founded the company as University Microfilms in 1938, preserving works from the British Museum on microfilm. By June 1938, Power worked in two rented rooms from a downtown Ann Arbor funeral parlor, specializing in microphotography to preserve library collections. In his autobiography Edition of One, Power details the development of the company, including how University Microfilms assisted the OSS during World War II.[26] This work mainly involved filming maps and European newspapers so they could be shipped back and forth overseas more cheaply and discreetly. Power also noticed a niche market in dissertations publishing. Students were often forced to publish their own works in order to finish their doctoral degree. Dissertations could be published more cheaply as microfilm than as books. ProQuest still publishes so many dissertations that its Dissertations and Theses collection (formerly called Digital Dissertations) has been declared the official U.S. off-site repository of the Library of Congress.[27] The idea of universal adoption of microfilm publication of doctoral dissertations was furthered considerably by two articles researched and written by a then recent recipient of the doctorate in History at Stanford University. Vaughn Davis Bornet seized on the idea and published "Doctoral Dissertations and the Stream of Scholarship"[28] and "Microfilm Publication of Doctoral Dissertations".[29] As the dissertations market grew, the company expanded into filming newspapers and periodicals. The company's main newspaper database is ProQuest NewsStand. Xerox owned the company for a time in the 1970s and 1980s; the name of the company changed several times in this period, from University Microfilms to Xerox University Microfilms, to University Microfilms International, then shortened to UMI. In 1985 it was purchased from Xerox by Bell & Howell.[30] In the 1980s, UMI began producing CD-ROMs that stored databases of periodicals abstracts and indexes. At a time when modem connections were slow and expensive, it was more efficient to mail database CD-ROMs regularly to subscribing libraries, who installed the discs on dedicated PCs. The ProQuest brand name was first used for databases on CD-ROM. An online service called ProQuest Direct was launched in 1995; its name was later shortened to just ProQuest.[31] The bibliographic databases are mainly sold to schools, universities and libraries. In 1998, the company announced the "Digital Vault Initiative", purported to include 5.5 billion images digitized from UMI microfilm, including some of the best existing copies of major newspapers dating back 100 to 150 years, and Early English books dating back to the 15th century. While work continues to digitize the contents of the microfilm vault, ProQuest is already providing navigation of 125 billion digital pages, including nearly 20 million pages of newspaper content dating from pre-Revolutionary War America. In 1999, the company name changed to Bell & Howell Information and Learning, and then in 2001 to ProQuest Information and Learning; Bell & Howell renamed itself the ProQuest Company.[32] Also in 1999, the company acquired Chadwyck-Healey, a one-time microfilm publishing company that was one of the first to produce full-text CD-ROM databases. This acquisition gave Proquest ownership of a 100+ person publishing operation based in Cambridge, England and became the basis for a substantial overseas expansion. During the 2000–2004 fiscal years, as well as the first three quarters of the 2005 fiscal year, ProQuest systematically overstated its net income. Cumulatively, pre-tax profits were overstated by 129.9 million dollars (or about 31 percent).[33] In 2008, Voyager Learning Company and ProQuest's CFO (from the time of the earnings overstatements) settled SEC "charges without admitting or denying the allegations of the SEC's complaint".[34] In 2001 Proquest acquired Norman Ross Publishing, a small New York based microfilm publisher.[35] In 2002 ProQuest acquired, a company founded in 1999 with the combined assets of ProQuest's K-12 division and Infonautics Inc.'s K-12 business..[36] In 2004, ProQuest Information and Learning acquired Seattle start-up Serials Solutions, a venture providing access management and search services for content hosted by other companies. Also in 2004, the company acquired Copley Publishing Group.[37] In 2006, ProQuest Company, then the parent company of ProQuest Information and Learning, sold it to Cambridge Information Group, owner of R.R. Bowker.[38] From the time of this sale, this article follows the history of ProQuest Information and Learning, not ProQuest Company. (ProQuest Company subsequently renamed itself to Voyager Learning Company, and later became part of Cambium Learning Group.[39]) In 2007, ProQuest Information and Learning was merged with CSA to form ProQuest CSA. Later that year it was renamed ProQuest LLC. In 2008, ProQuest LLC acquired complete ownership of RefWorks, a web-based citation manager of which it had been part owner since 2001. RefWorks was merged with ProQuest's existing COS business to form RefWorks/COS.[40] Also in 2008, ProQuest acquired Dialog, a major online database firm, from Thomson Reuters.[41][42] In 2010, ProQuest acquired two properties from LexisNexis, Congressional Information Service (CIS) and University Publications of America (UPA). CIS produced one of the world's most exhaustive online collections of legislative content and highly respected statistical works, while UPA included deep historical content sets. The acquisition included digital products and an expansive microfilm vault that would leverage ProQuest's strength in conversion from film to searchable electronic formats.[43] In 2011, ProQuest acquired Ebrary, an online digital library of full texts of over 170,000 scholarly e-books.[44] In 2013, ProQuest acquired Ebook Library (EBL), with plans to combine the strongest features of ebrary and EBL into a single, comprehensive e-book platform.[45] In 2014, ProQuest acquired Pi2 Solutions, a privately owned company specializing in Drug Safety Triager (DST) & Product Literature Database (PLD) systems for the biopharmaceutical industry. The company aligned Pi2 Solutions with its ProQuest Dialog corporate information service.[46] In 2015, ProQuest acquired SiPX[47] and Coutts Information Services, including the MyiLibrary platform and the Online Acquisitions and Selection Information System (OASIS).[48] In October 2015, ProQuest acquired Ex Libris. It was to merge the Workflow Solutions division of ProQuest, which included the former Serials Solutions, into Ex Libris, with the enlarged entity to be named "Ex Libris, a ProQuest Company".[49] In June 2016, ProQuest acquired Alexander Street Press, a provider of streaming videos and ebooks.[50]

Archived newspapers[edit] The American Hebrew & Jewish Messenger (1857–1922) The American Israelite (1854–2000) The Arizona Republic (1890–1922) Atlanta Daily World (1931–2003) Atlanta Journal-Constitution (1868–1945) The Baltimore Afro-American (1893–1988) The Baltimore Sun (1837–1988) The Boston Globe (1872–1982) Chicago Defender (1910–1975) Chicago Tribune (1849–1990) Christian Science Monitor (1908–2000) The Cincinnati Enquirer (1841–1922) Cleveland Call & Post (1934–1991) Detroit Free Press (1831–1922) The Globe and Mail (1844–2010) The Guardian (1821–2003) and The Observer (1791–2003) Hartford Courant (1764–1988) Indianapolis Star (1903–1922) Irish Times (1859–2012) and The Weekly Irish Times (1876–1958) Jerusalem Post (1932–1988) The Jewish Advocate (1905–1990) Jewish Exponent (1887–1990) Los Angeles Sentinel (1934–2005) Los Angeles Times (1881–1990) The Louisville Courier-Journal (1830–1922) Minneapolis Tribune (1867–1922) The Nashville Tennessean (1812–1922) Newsday (1940–1985) New York Amsterdam News (1922–1993) The New York Times (1851–2010) New York Tribune (1841–1962) The Norfolk Journal & Guide (1921–2003) The Philadelphia Tribune (1912–2001) Pittsburgh Courier (1911–2002) San Francisco Chronicle (1865–1922) South China Morning Post (1903–current) The Scotsman (1817–1950) St. Louis Post-Dispatch (1874–1922) The Times of India (1838–2004) Toronto Star (1894–2012) The Wall Street Journal (1889–1996) The Washington Post (1877–1997) Chinese Newspapers Collection (1832–1953)

Products[edit] Among the products the company sells to clients such as public and research libraries are:[51][52][53][54][55] ABI/INFORM Collection (including ABI/INFORM Dateline, ABI/INFORM Global, and ABI/INFORM Trade & Industry) Accounting, Tax & Banking Collection (can be limited to "Accounting & Tax Database" or "Banking Information Database") Advanced Technologies Database with Aerospace Aerospace Database AFI Catalog AIDS & Cancer Research Abstracts Algology Mycology and Protozoology Abstracts (Microbiology C) Alt-PressWatch Aluminium Industry Abstracts American Periodicals Series Animal Behavior Abstracts ANTE: Abstracts in New Technology & Engineering Applied Social Sciences Index and Abstracts (ASSIA) AquaBrowser AquaBrowser Liquid Aqualine ARTbibliographies Modern (ABM) Arts & Humanities Full Text ASFA: Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstracts Asian & European Business Collection Bacteriology Abstracts (Microbiology B) Biological Sciences Biotechnology and BioEngineering Abstracts Biotechnology Research Abstracts Black Studies Center British Humanities Index (BHI) Calcium & Calcified Tissue Abstracts Canadian Newsstand CBCA Ceramic Abstracts Chemoreception Abstracts Civil Engineering Abstracts Computer and Information Systems Abstracts (Module) Copper Technical Reference Library Corrosion Abstracts Design and Applied Arts Index (DAAI) Dialog Digital Sanborn Maps[56] Early European Books Earthquake Engineering Abstracts Ebrary Ecology Abstracts Electronics & Communications Abstracts eLibrary eLibrary Canada eLibrary Curriculum Edition eLibrary Elementary eLibrary Science Engineered Materials Engineering Research Database Entomology Abstracts Environment Abstracts Environmental Engineering Abstracts Environmental Science and Pollution Management ERIC PlusText Ethnic NewsWatch FIAF International Index to Film Periodicals Plus Gannett Military Newspapers Gannett Newspapers GenderWatch Genetics Abstracts Health & Safety Science Abstracts HeritageQuest Online[56] History Study Center Immunology Abstracts Industrial and Applied Microbiology Abstracts (Microbiology A) International Bibliography of Art (IBA) International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS) International Index to Black Periodicals International Index to Music Periodicals International Index to the Performing Arts Library and Information Science Abstracts (LISA) Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts (LLBA) Literature Online Literature Online Reference Edition Materials Business File Materials Research Database Mechanical & Transportation Engineering Abstracts MEDLINE with Full Text METADEX Meteorological & Geoastrophysical Abstracts Middle East Newsstand Neurosciences Abstracts Nucleic Acids Abstracts Oceanic Abstracts Oncogenes and Growth Factors Abstracts PAIS Periodicals Archive Online Periodicals Index Online Pharmaceutical News Index Physical Education Index Pi2 Drug Safety Triager™ (DST) Pi2 Product Literature Database (PLD) Pollution Abstracts PRISMA (Publicaciones y Revistas Sociales y Humanísticas) Professional ProQuest Central ProQuest 5000 ProQuest 5000 International ProQuest Advanced Technologies & Aerospace Collection ProQuest Agricultural Science Collection ProQuest ANZ Newsstand ProQuest African American Heritage ProQuest Aquatic Science Collection ProQuest Atmospheric Science Collection ProQuest Biological Science Collection ProQuest Career and Technical Education ProQuest Central ProQuest Computer Science Collection ProQuest Criminal Justice Periodicals Index ProQuest Discovery ProQuest Dissertations and Theses (formerly known as DAI, Dissertation Abstracts International) ProQuest Earth Science Collection ProQuest Education Journals ProQuest Engineering Collection ProQuest Entrepreneurship ProQuest Environmental Science Collection ProQuest Family Health ProQuest Health & Medical Complete ProQuest Health Management ProQuest Historical Annual Reports ProQuest International Newswires ProQuest Legislative Insight ProQuest Library Science ProQuest Materials Science Collection ProQuest Medical Library ProQuest Military Collection ProQuest Natural Science Collection ProQuest NewsStand ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health Source ProQuest Obituaries ProQuest Political Science ProQuest Polymer Science Collection ProQuest Professional Education ProQuest Psychology Journals ProQuest Public Health ProQuest Religion ProQuest Regulatory Insight ProQuest Research Library ProQuest Sanborn Maps Geo Edition ProQuest Science Journals ProQuest SciTech Collection ProQuest Social Science Journals ProQuest Sociology ProQuest Technology Collection Resource/One Risk Abstracts SIRS Decades SIRS Discoverer SIRS Government Reporter SIRS Issues Researcher SIRS Renaissance Social Services Abstracts Sociological Abstracts Solid State and Superconductivity Abstracts State Packages Summon Sustainability Science Abstracts Technology Research Database Toxicology Abstracts Udini by ProQuest US Hispanic Newsstand Virology and AIDS Abstracts Water Resources Abstracts Worldwide Political Science Abstracts

See also[edit] Main category: ProQuest Annual Bibliography of English Language and Literature CSA (database company) Dissertations Abstracts Ex Libris Group International Bibliography of the Social Sciences R.R. Bowker RefWorks Serials Solutions Ulrich's Periodicals Directory

References[edit] ^ a b c ProQuest Home Page, retrieved May 21, 2014 ^ a b "ProQuest Goes Global". Information Today. 2014.  ^ ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, retrieved June 15, 2014 ^ a b "ProQuest LLC | Private Company Financial Research |", retrieved May 23, 2014 ^ "ProQuest - For Libraries", retrieved May 23, 2014 ^ Welcome, Publishers and Partners, retrieved June 15, 2014 ^ a b "Jisc and ProQuest Enable Access to Essential Digital Content", retrieved May 21, 2014 ^ "ProQuest LLC | Company Profile from Hoover's", retrieved May 21, 2014 ^ "New CEO". ProQuest LLC. 2011.  ^ Microfilm's 75th Anniversary, retrieved June 15, 2014 ^ Thistlethwaite, Polly, "Publish. Perish?: The academic author and open access publishing", Media Authorship (edited by Cynthia Chirs, David A. Gerstner). Routledge, 2013, p. 274 ^ Dissertations & Theses, retrieved June 15, 2014 ^ ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global, retrieved September 6, 2014 ^ ProQuest - Academic, retrieved June 15, 2014 ^ ProQuest - Connect, accessed June 15, 2014 ^ Against the Grain, News and Announcement 1/9/2014, retrieved June 15, 2014 ^ "RR Bowker LLC - Businessweek", retrieved May 21, 2014 ^ "Bowker - Products & Services", retrieved May 21, 2014. ^ Dialog | Cambridge Information Group, retrieved May 22, 2014 ^ Dialog, LLC home page retrieved May 22, 2014 ^ "ProQuest completes acquisition of EBL", retrieved May 22, 2014 ^ "EBL Unveils the New LibCentral", retrieved May 22, 2014 ^ "ebrary | Pre-Packaged Products", retrieved May 22, 2014 ^ "About Us|Serials Solutions", retrieved May 21, 2014 ^ "Serials Solutions, Inc.: Private Company Information - Businessweek", retrieved May 21, 2014 ^ Power, Eugene B.; Robert Anderson (1990). Edition of One: The Autobiography of Eugene B. Power. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University Microfilms. pp. 128–142. ISBN 0-8357-0898-5.  ^ "Library of Congress and Copyright Office Sign Landmark Agreement with UMI" (Press release). Library of Congress. January 22, 1999. Retrieved 2012-03-13.  ^ College and University. October 1952, pp. 11–30 ^ Bulletin of the American Association of University Professors. Autumn, 1953. pp. 503-513. ^ Winter, Christine (November 14, 1985). "Bell, Howell Acquires Two Data Firms". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved Sep 10, 2014.  ^ "ProQuest (brand)".  ^ "Bell & Howell Becomes ProQuest Company". Information Today. June 11, 2001. Retrieved June 20, 2014.  ^ "SEC Complaint vs. Scott Hirth and ProQuest Company [in 2008] known as Voyager Learning Company" (PDF). United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved October 30, 2014.  ^ "Press Release: SEC Charges Ann Arbor-Based Company and Former Executive in Accounting Fraud Scheme". United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved October 30, 2014.  ^ "Untitled Page".  ^ Company, ProQuest. "ProQuest Signs Definitive Agreement to Acquire bigchalk". Retrieved 2017-05-23.  ^ "ProQuest Information and Learning has acquired Copley Publishing Group, Inc". May 2004.  ^ Mary H. Munroe (2004). "Cambridge Information Group Timeline". The Academic Publishing Industry: A Story of Merger and Acquisition. Archived from the original on October 2014 – via Northern Illinois University.  ^ "Cambium Learning Group Inc. - Investor Relations - Management Team". Retrieved October 30, 2014.  ^ "ProQuest acquires RefWorks". ProQuest LLC. January 18, 2008. Retrieved February 2, 2012.  ^ "ProQuest acquires Dialog" (Press release). ProQuest LLC. July 1, 2008. Retrieved March 6, 2009.  ^ "ProQuest signs agreement to acquire Dialog business from Thomson Reuters". June 12, 2008. Retrieved January 18, 2009.  ^ "ProQuest Acquires Acclaimed Congressional Information Service and University Publications of America from LexisNexis" (Press release). ProQuest LLC. November 30, 2010. Retrieved December 7, 2010.  ^ Fitzpatrick, Sean (January 8, 2011). "ProQuest acquires ebrary". American Libraries. Retrieved 2012-02-03.  ^ "ProQuest Signs Definitive Agreement to Acquire EBL" (Press release). ProQuest LLC. January 22, 2013. Retrieved June 20, 2014.  ^ "ProQuest Acquires Pi2" (Press release). ProQuest LLC. May 1, 2014. Retrieved May 2, 2014.  ^ "ProQuest Acquires SIPX". ProQuest LLC. April 8, 2015. Retrieved September 5, 2015.  ^ "ProQuest to Acquire Coutts Information Services and MyiLibrary from Ingram Content Group" (Press release). ProQuest LLC. April 30, 2015. Retrieved September 5, 2015.  ^ Breeding, Marshall (6 October 2015). "ProQuest to Acquire Ex Libris". American Libraries. Chicago: American Library Association.  ^ "Alexander Street Press Joins the ProQuest Family of Companies" (Press release). ProQuest LLC. June 22, 2016. Retrieved June 22, 2016.  ^ ProQuest. "Title List System". Products & Services. Retrieved July 1, 2012.  ^ ProQuest. "CSA Title Lists". Products & Services. Retrieved July 1, 2012.  ^ ProQuest. "Chadwyck-Healey Title Lists". Products & Services. Retrieved July 1, 2012.  ^ ProQuest. "eLibrary Title Lists". Products & Services. Retrieved July 1, 2012.  ^ ProQuest. "SIRS Title Lists". Products & Services. Retrieved July 1, 2012.  ^ a b Thomas Mann (2015). "Special Subjects and Formats: Genealogy and Local History". Oxford Guide to Library Research (4th ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-993106-4. 

Further reading[edit] Eugene B. Power, Edition of One: The Autobiography of Eugene B. Power, Founder of University Microfilms, 1990 ISBN 0-8357-0898-5.

External links[edit] Official website National Archive Publishing Company Retrieved from "" Categories: ProQuestBibliographic database providersEducational publishing companiesPublishing companies based in MichiganCompanies based in Ann Arbor, MichiganPublishing companies established in the 1930sXerox

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List Of Business EntitiesAnn ArborMichiganUnited StatesParent CompanyCambridge Information GroupAnn Arbor, MichiganEugene B. PowerMicrofilmElectronic PublishingReference Management SoftwareThesisE-bookDigital PageCambridge Information GroupR.R. BowkerInternational Standard Book NumberDialog (online Database)Library Collection DevelopmentPatron-driven AcquisitionEbraryPerpetual AccessSerials SolutionsERAMSEnlargeEugene PowerRoss School Of BusinessBritish MuseumOffice Of Strategic ServicesWorld War IINiche MarketDissertationDoctoral DegreeProQuest Dissertations And ThesesLibrary Of CongressPeriodicalProQuest NewsStandXeroxBell & HowellCD-ROMBibliographic DatabaseSerials SolutionsCambridge Information GroupR.R. BowkerCambium Learning GroupCSA (database Company)RefWorksCitation ManagerDialog (online Database)Thomson ReutersEbraryE-bookEx Libris GroupAlexander Street PressThe American IsraeliteThe Arizona RepublicAtlanta Daily WorldAtlanta Journal-ConstitutionThe Baltimore Afro-AmericanThe Baltimore SunThe Boston GlobeChicago DefenderChicago TribuneChristian Science MonitorThe Cincinnati EnquirerDetroit Free PressThe Globe And MailThe GuardianThe ObserverHartford CourantIndianapolis StarIrish TimesJerusalem PostThe Jewish AdvocateJewish ExponentLos Angeles SentinelLos Angeles TimesThe Louisville Courier-JournalMinneapolis TribuneThe Nashville TennesseanNewsdayNew York Amsterdam NewsThe New York TimesNew York TribuneThe Philadelphia TribunePittsburgh CourierSan Francisco ChronicleSouth China Morning PostThe ScotsmanSt. Louis Post-DispatchThe Times Of IndiaToronto StarThe Wall Street JournalThe Washington PostDialog (online Database)EbraryProQuest Dissertations And ThesesProQuest NewsStandCategory:ProQuestAnnual Bibliography Of English Language And LiteratureCSA (database Company)Dissertations AbstractsEx Libris GroupInternational Bibliography Of The Social SciencesR.R. BowkerRefWorksSerials SolutionsUlrich's Periodicals DirectoryInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-8357-0898-5American LibrariesAmerican Library AssociationInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-19-993106-4International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-8357-0898-5Help:CategoryCategory:ProQuestCategory:Bibliographic Database ProvidersCategory:Educational Publishing CompaniesCategory:Publishing Companies Based In MichiganCategory:Companies Based In Ann Arbor, MichiganCategory:Publishing Companies Established In The 1930sCategory:XeroxDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer