Contents 1 Early life 2 Career 2.1 1975–1984: Beginnings and breakthrough 2.2 1984–1987: The Revolution, Purple Rain, and subsequent releases 2.3 1987–1991: Solo again, Sign o' the Times 2.4 1991–1994: The New Power Generation, Diamonds and Pearls, and name change 2.5 1994–2000: Increased output and The Gold Experience 2.6 2000–2007: Turnaround, Musicology, label change, and 3121 2.7 2007–2010: Super Bowl XLI, Planet Earth, and Lotusflower 2.8 2010–2012: 20Ten and Welcome 2 Tours 2.9 2013–2016: Return to Warner Bros., 3rdEyeGirl & HitNRun Tours and Prince's Final Years 2.10 2016–2018: Posthumous projects 3 Illness and death 3.1 Remembrances 4 Legacy 4.1 Music and image 4.2 Influences and musicianship 5 Legal issues 5.1 Pseudonyms 5.2 Copyright issues 6 Personal life 7 Awards and nominations 8 Discography 9 Filmography 10 Tours 11 See also 12 References 13 Sources 14 Further reading 15 External links


Early life[edit] Prince Rogers Nelson was born on June 7, 1958 in Minneapolis, Minnesota, the son of Mattie Della (née Shaw; 1933–2002) and John Lewis Nelson (1916–2001). His parents were both African-American and his family ancestry is centered in Louisiana, with all four of his grandparents hailing from that state.[11] His father was a pianist and songwriter, and his mother was a jazz singer. Prince was given his father's stage name, Prince Rogers, which his father used while performing with a jazz group called the Prince Rogers Trio. In 1991, Prince's father told A Current Affair that he named his son Prince because he wanted Prince "to do everything I wanted to do".[12] Prince's childhood nickname was Skipper.[13][14] Prince has said he was "born epileptic" and had seizures when he was young. He stated, "My mother told me one day I walked in to her and said, 'Mom, I'm not going to be sick anymore,' and she said, 'Why?' and I said, 'Because an angel told me so.'"[15] Prince's younger sister, Tyka, was born on May 18, 1960.[16][17] Both siblings developed a keen interest in music, which was encouraged by their father.[18] Prince wrote his first song, "Funk Machine", on his father's piano when he was seven.[18] Prince's parents divorced when he was 10, and his mother remarried to Hayward Baker, with whom she had a son named Omarr; Prince had a troubled relationship with Baker, causing him to repeatedly switch homes, sometimes living with his father and sometimes with his mother and stepfather.[18][19] However, Baker took Prince to see James Brown in concert, and Prince credited Baker with improving the family's finances. After a brief period of living with his father, who bought him his first guitar, Prince moved into the home of his neighbors, the Anderson family. He befriended the Anderson's son, Andre, who later collaborated with Prince and became known as André Cymone.[20][21] Prince attended Minneapolis' Bryant Junior High and then Central High School, where he played football, basketball, and baseball. He played on Central's junior varsity basketball team, and continued to play basketball recreationally as an adult.[22][23] Prince met Jimmy Jam in 1973 in junior high, and impressed him with musical talent, early mastery of a wide range of instruments, and work ethic.[24]


Career[edit] 1975–1984: Beginnings and breakthrough[edit] In 1975, Pepe Willie, the husband of Prince's cousin Shauntel, formed the band 94 East with Marcy Ingvoldstad and Kristie Lazenberry, hiring André Cymone and Prince to record tracks.[citation needed] Willie wrote the songs, and Prince contributed guitar tracks, and Prince and Willie co-wrote the 94 East song, "Just Another Sucker".[citation needed] The band recorded tracks which later became the album Minneapolis Genius – The Historic 1977 Recordings.[citation needed] In 1976, Prince created a demo tape with producer Chris Moon, in Moon's Minneapolis studio.[citation needed] Unable to secure a recording contract, Moon brought the tape to Owen Husney, a Minneapolis businessman, who signed Prince, age 17, to a management contract, and helped him create a demo at Sound 80 Studios in Minneapolis (with producer/engineer David Z).[citation needed] The demo recording, along with a press kit produced at Husney's ad agency, resulted in interest from several record companies including Warner Bros. Records, A&M Records, and Columbia Records.[25] With the help of Husney, Prince signed a recording contract with Warner Bros. The record company agreed to give Prince creative control for three albums and ownership of the publishing rights.[26][27] Husney and Prince then left Minneapolis and moved to Sausalito, California, where Prince's first album, For You, was recorded at Record Plant Studios. The album was mixed in Los Angeles and released on April 7, 1978.[28] According to the For You album notes, Prince wrote, produced, arranged, composed, and played all 27 instruments on the recording, except for the song "Soft and Wet", whose lyrics were co-written by Moon. The cost of recording the album was twice Prince's initial advance. Prince used the Prince's Music Co. to publish his songs. "Soft and Wet" reached No. 12 on the Hot Soul Singles chart and No. 92 on the Billboard Hot 100. The song "Just as Long as We're Together" reached No. 91 on the Hot Soul Singles chart. Ticket to Prince's first performance with his band in January 1979 In 1979, Prince created a band with André Cymone on bass, Dez Dickerson on guitar, Gayle Chapman and Doctor Fink on keyboards, and Bobby Z. on drums. Their first show was at the Capri Theater on January 5, 1979. Warner Bros. executives attended the show but decided that Prince and the band needed more time to develop his music.[29][page needed] In October 1979, Prince released the album, Prince, which was No. 4 on the Billboard Top R&B/Black Albums charts and No. 22 on the Billboard 200, and went platinum. It contained two R&B hits: "Why You Wanna Treat Me So Bad?" and "I Wanna Be Your Lover" sold over a million copies, and reached No. 11 on the Billboard Hot 100 and No. 1 for two weeks on the Hot Soul Singles chart. Prince performed both these songs on January 26, 1980, on American Bandstand. On this album, Prince used Ecnirp Music – BMI.[30] In 1980, Prince released the album Dirty Mind, which contained sexually explicit material, including the title song, "Head", and the song "Sister", and was described by Stephen Thomas Erlewine as a "stunning, audacious amalgam of funk, new wave, R&B, and pop, fueled by grinningly salacious sex and the desire to shock."[31] Recorded in Prince's own studio, this album was certified gold, and the single "Uptown" reached No. 5 on the Billboard Dance chart and No. 5 on the Hot Soul Singles charts. Prince was also the opening act for Rick James' 1980 Fire It Up tour. In February 1981, Prince made his first appearance on Saturday Night Live, performing "Partyup". In October 1981, Prince released the album, Controversy. He played several dates in support of it, at first as one of the opening acts for the Rolling Stones, on their US tour. He began 1982 with a small tour of college towns where he was the headlining act. The songs on Controversy were published by Controversy Music[32] – ASCAP, a practice he continued until the Emancipation album in 1996. By 2002, MTV News noted that "[n]ow all of his titles, liner notes and Web postings are written in his own shorthand spelling, as seen on 1999's Rave Un2 the Joy Fantastic, which featured 'Hot Wit U.'"[33] In 1981, Prince formed a side project band called the Time. The band released four albums between 1981 and 1990, with Prince writing and performing most of the instrumentation and backing vocals (sometimes credited under the pseudonyms "Jamie Starr" or "The Starr Company"), with lead vocals by Morris Day.[34][35] In late 1982, Prince released a double album, 1999, which sold over three million copies.[36] The title track was a protest against nuclear proliferation and became Prince's first top 10 hit in countries outside the US. Prince's "Little Red Corvette" was one of the first two videos by black artists (along with Michael Jackson's "Billie Jean") played in heavy rotation on MTV, which had been perceived as against "black music" until CBS President Walter Yetnikoff threatened to pull all CBS videos.[37][38] Prince and Jackson had a competitive rivalry, not just on musical success, but also athletically too.[39] The song "Delirious" also placed in the top ten on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. "International Lover" earned Prince his first Grammy Award nomination at the 26th Annual Grammy Awards.[40] 1984–1987: The Revolution, Purple Rain, and subsequent releases[edit] During this period Prince referred to his band as the Revolution.[41][42] The band's name was also printed, in reverse, on the cover of 1999 inside the letter "I" of the word "Prince".[43] The band consisted of Lisa Coleman and Doctor Fink on keyboards, Bobby Z. on drums, Brown Mark on bass, and Dez Dickerson on guitar. Jill Jones, a backing singer, was also part of the lineup for the 1999 album and tour.[43] Following the 1999 Tour, Dickerson left the group for religious reasons.[44] In the book Possessed: The Rise and Fall of Prince (2003), author Alex Hahn says that Dickerson was reluctant to sign a three-year contract and wanted to pursue other musical ventures. Dickerson was replaced by Coleman's friend Wendy Melvoin.[41] At first the band was used sparsely in the studio, but this gradually changed during 1983.[43][44][45] "When Doves Cry" (1984) A lead single from Purple Rain, "When Doves Cry" became a signature song of Prince's. It features an intro to a guitar solo and a Linn LM-1 drum machine, followed by a looped guttural vocal. Problems playing this file? See media help. According to his former manager Bob Cavallo, in the early 1980s Prince required his management to obtain a deal for him to star in a major motion picture, despite the fact that his exposure at that point was limited to several pop and R&B hits, music videos and occasional TV performances. This resulted in the hit film Purple Rain (1984), which starred Prince and was loosely autobiographical, and the eponymous studio album, which was also the soundtrack to the film.[42] The Purple Rain album sold more than 13 million copies in the US and spent 24 consecutive weeks at No. 1 on the Billboard 200 chart. The film won Prince an Academy Award for Best Original Song Score[46] and grossed over $68 million in the US ($160 million in 2017 dollars[47]).[48][49] Songs from the film were hits on pop charts around the world; "When Doves Cry" and "Let's Go Crazy" reached No. 1, and the title track reached No. 2 on the Billboard Hot 100.[50] At one point in 1984, Prince simultaneously had the No. 1 album, single, and film in the US;[51] it was the first time a singer had achieved this feat.[52] The Purple Rain album is ranked 72nd in Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time;[53] it is also included on the list of Time magazine's All-Time 100 Albums.[54] The album also produced two of Prince's first three Grammy Awards earned at the 27th Annual Grammy Awards—Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal and Best Score Soundtrack for Visual Media.[40] Prince performing in Brussels during the Hit N Run Tour in 1986 After Tipper Gore heard her 11-year-old daughter Karenna listening to Prince's song "Darling Nikki" (which gained wide notoriety for its sexual lyrics and a reference to masturbation), she founded the Parents Music Resource Center.[55] The center advocated the mandatory use of a warning label ("Parental Advisory: Explicit Lyrics") on the covers of records that have been judged to contain language or lyrical content unsuitable for minors. The recording industry later voluntarily complied with this request.[56] In 1985, Prince announced that he would discontinue live performances and music videos after the release of his next album. His subsequent recording, Around the World in a Day (1985), held the No. 1 spot on the Billboard 200 for three weeks. From that album, the single "Raspberry Beret" reached No. 2 on the Billboard Hot 100, and "Pop Life" reached No. 7.[50] In 1986, his album Parade reached No. 3 on the Billboard 200 and No. 2 on the R&B charts. The first single, "Kiss", with the video choreographed by Louis Falco, reached No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100.[50] (The song was originally written for a side project called Mazarati.) In the same year, the song "Manic Monday", written by Prince and recorded by The Bangles, reached No. 2 on the Hot 100 chart. The album Parade served as the soundtrack for Prince's second film, Under the Cherry Moon (1986). Prince directed and starred in the movie, which also featured Kristin Scott Thomas. Although the Parade album went platinum,[57] Under the Cherry Moon received a Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Picture (tied with Howard the Duck), and Prince received Golden Raspberry Awards for Worst Director, Worst Actor, and Worst Original Song (for the song "Love or Money").[58][59] In 1986, Prince began a series of live performances called the Hit n Run – Parade Tour. After the tour Prince disbanded The Revolution and fired Wendy & Lisa.[42] Brown Mark quit the band; keyboardist Doctor Fink remained. Prince recruited new band members Miko Weaver on guitar, Atlanta Bliss on trumpet, and Eric Leeds on saxophone.[44] 1987–1991: Solo again, Sign o' the Times[edit] Prior to the disbanding of The Revolution, Prince was working on two separate projects, The Revolution album Dream Factory and a solo effort, Camille.[60] Unlike the three previous band albums, Dream Factory included input from the band members and featured songs with lead vocals by Wendy & Lisa.[60] The Camille project saw Prince create a new androgynous persona primarily singing in a sped-up, female-sounding voice. With the dismissal of The Revolution, Prince consolidated material from both shelved albums, along with some new songs, into a three-LP album to be titled Crystal Ball.[61] Warner Bros. forced Prince to trim the triple album to a double album, and Sign o' the Times was released on March 31, 1987.[62] The album peaked at No. 6 on the Billboard 200 albums chart.[62] The first single, "Sign o' the Times", charted at No. 3 on the Hot 100.[63] The follow-up single, "If I Was Your Girlfriend", charted at No. 67 on the Hot 100 but went to No. 12 on R&B chart.[63] The third single, a duet with Sheena Easton, "U Got the Look", charted at No. 2 on the Hot 100 and No. 11 on the R&B chart,[63] and the final single, "I Could Never Take the Place of Your Man", finished at No. 10 on Hot 100 and No. 14 on the R&B chart.[63] It was named the top album of the year by the Pazz & Jop critics' poll and sold 3.2 million copies.[64] In Europe it performed well, and Prince promoted the album overseas with a lengthy tour. Putting together a new backing band from the remnants of The Revolution, Prince added bassist Levi Seacer, Jr., keyboardist Boni Boyer, and dancer/choreographer Cat Glover[65] to go with new drummer Sheila E.[66] and holdovers Miko Weaver, Doctor Fink, Eric Leeds, Atlanta Bliss, and the Bodyguards (Jerome, Wally Safford, and Greg Brooks) for the Sign o' the Times Tour. The Sign o' the Times tour was a success overseas, and Warner Bros. and Prince's managers wanted to bring it to the US to promote sales of the album; however,[67][68] Prince balked at a full US tour, as he was ready to produce a new album.[67] As a compromise, the last two nights of the tour were filmed for release in movie theaters. The film quality was deemed subpar, and reshoots were performed at Prince's Paisley Park studios.[67] The film Sign o' the Times was released on November 20, 1987. The film got better reviews than Under the Cherry Moon, but its box-office receipts were minimal, and it quickly left theaters.[68] The next album intended for release was The Black Album.[69] More instrumental and funk and R&B themed than recent releases,[70] The Black Album also saw Prince experiment with hip hop music on the songs "Bob George" and "Dead on It". Prince was set to release the album with a monochromatic black cover with only the catalog number printed, but after 500,000 copies had been pressed,[71] Prince had a spiritual epiphany that the album was evil and had it recalled.[72] It was later released by Warner Bros. as a limited edition album in 1994. Prince went back in the studio for eight weeks and recorded Lovesexy. Released on May 10, 1988, Lovesexy serves as a spiritual opposite to the dark The Black Album.[73] Every song is a solo effort by Prince, except "Eye No", which was recorded with his backing band at the time. Lovesexy reached No. 11 on the Billboard 200 and No. 5 on the R&B albums chart.[74] The lead single, "Alphabet St.", peaked at No. 8 on the Hot 100 and No. 3 on the R&B chart;[62] it sold 750,000 copies.[75] Prince again took his post-Revolution backing band (minus the Bodyguards) on a three leg, 84-show Lovesexy World Tour; although the shows were well received by huge crowds, they lost money due to the expensive sets and props.[76][77] Prince performing during his Nude Tour in 1990 In 1989, Prince appeared on Madonna's studio album Like a Prayer, co-writing and singing the duet "Love Song" and playing electric guitar (uncredited) on the songs "Like a Prayer", "Keep It Together", and "Act of Contrition". He also began work on several musical projects, including Rave Unto the Joy Fantastic and early drafts of his Graffiti Bridge film,[78][79] but both were put on hold when he was asked by Batman (1989) director Tim Burton to record several songs for the upcoming live-action adaptation. Prince went into the studio and produced an entire nine-track album that Warner Bros. released on June 20, 1989. Batman peaked at No. 1 on the Billboard 200,[80] selling 4.3 million copies.[81] The single "Batdance" topped the Billboard and R&B charts.[62] The single, "The Arms of Orion" with Sheena Easton, charted at No. 36, and "Partyman" (also featuring the vocals of Prince's then-girlfriend, nicknamed Anna Fantastic) charted at No. 18 on the Hot 100 and at No. 5 on the R&B chart, and the love ballad "Scandalous!" went to No. 5 on the R&B chart.[62] Prince had to sign away all publishing rights to the songs on the album to Warner Bros. as part of the deal to do the soundtrack. In 1990, Prince went back on tour with a revamped band for his back-to-basics Nude Tour. With the departures of Boni Boyer, Sheila E., the horns, and Cat, Prince brought in keyboardist Rosie Gaines, drummer Michael Bland, and dancing trio The Game Boyz (Tony M., Kirky J., and Damon Dickson). The European and Japanese tour was a financial success with a short, greatest hits setlist.[82] As the year progressed, Prince finished production on his fourth film, Graffiti Bridge (1990), and the 1990 album of the same name. Initially, Warner Bros. was reluctant to fund the film, but with Prince's assurances it would be a sequel to Purple Rain as well as the involvement of the original members of The Time, the studio greenlit the project.[83] Released on August 20, 1990, the album reached No. 6 on the Billboard 200 and R&B albums chart.[84] The single "Thieves in the Temple" reached No. 6 on the Hot 100 and No. 1 on the R&B chart;[62] "Round and Round" placed at No. 12 on the US charts and No. 2 on the R&B charts. The song featured the teenage Tevin Campbell (who also had a role in the film) on lead vocals. The film, released on November 20, 1990, was a box-office flop, grossing $4.2 million.[85] After the release of the film and album, the last remaining members of The Revolution, Miko Weaver and Doctor Fink, left Prince's band. 1991–1994: The New Power Generation, Diamonds and Pearls, and name change[edit] Prince's Yellow Cloud Guitar at the Smithsonian Institution Building The unpronounceable symbol (later dubbed "Love Symbol #2") 1991 marked the debut of Prince's new band, the New Power Generation. With guitarist Miko Weaver and long-time keyboardist Doctor Fink gone, Prince added bass player Sonny T., Tommy Barbarella on keyboards, and a brass section known as the Hornheads to go along with Levi Seacer (taking over on guitar), Rosie Gaines, Michael Bland, and the Game Boyz. With significant input from his band members, Diamonds and Pearls was released on October 1, 1991. Reaching No. 3 on the Billboard 200 album chart,[86] Diamonds and Pearls saw four hit singles released in the United States. "Gett Off" peaked at No. 21 on the Hot 100 and No. 6 on the R&B charts, followed by "Cream", which gave Prince his fifth US No. 1 single. The title track "Diamonds and Pearls" became the album's third single, reaching No. 3 on the Hot 100 and the top spot on the R&B charts. "Money Don't Matter 2 Night" peaked at No. 23 and No. 14 on the Hot 100 and R&B charts respectively.[87] In 1992, Prince and The New Power Generation released his 12th album, Love Symbol Album,[88] bearing only an unpronounceable symbol on the cover (later copyrighted as Love Symbol #2).[89] The album peaked at No. 5 on the Billboard 200.[90] The label wanted "7" to be the first single, but Prince fought to place "My Name Is Prince" in that slot, as he "felt that the song's more hip-hoppery would appeal to the same audience" that had purchased the previous album.[91] Prince got his way, but "My Name Is Prince" reached No. 36 on the Billboard Hot 100 and No. 23 on the R&B chart. The follow-up single "Sexy MF" charted at No. 66 on the Hot 100 and No. 76 on the R&B chart. The label's preferred lead single choice "7" reached No. 7.[87] 'Love Symbol Album' went on to sell 2.8 million copies worldwide.[91] After two failed attempts in 1990 and 1991,[92] Warner Bros. released a greatest hits compilation with the three-disc The Hits/The B-Sides in 1993. The first two discs were also sold separately as The Hits 1 and The Hits 2. The collection features the majority of Prince's hit singles (with the exception of "Batdance" and other songs that appeared on the Batman soundtrack), and several previously hard-to-find recordings, including B-sides spanning the majority of Prince's career, as well as some previously unreleased tracks such as the Revolution-recorded "Power Fantastic" and a live recording of "Nothing Compares 2 U" with Rosie Gaines. Two new songs, "Pink Cashmere" and "Peach", were chosen as promotional singles to accompany the compilation album. In 1993, in rebellion against Warner Bros., which refused to release Prince's enormous backlog of music at a steady pace,[93][94] he changed his name to , which was explained as a combination of the symbols for male (♂) and female (♀).[89] In order to use the symbol in print media, Warner Bros. had to organize a mass mailing of floppy disks with a custom font.[95] The symbol was soon dubbed the "Love Symbol", and until 2000, Prince was referred to as "The Artist Formerly Known as Prince" or simply "The Artist".[96][97] 1994–2000: Increased output and The Gold Experience[edit] In 1994, Prince began to release albums in quick succession as a means of releasing himself from his contractual obligations to Warner Bros. The label, he believed, was intent on limiting his artistic freedom by insisting that he release albums more sporadically. He also blamed Warner Bros. for the poor commercial performance of the Love Symbol Album, claiming they had marketed it insufficiently. It was out of these developments that the aborted The Black Album was officially released, seven years after its initial recording. The "new" release was already in wide circulation as a bootleg. Warner Bros. then succumbed to Prince's wishes to release an album of new material, to be entitled Come.[citation needed] Prince pushed to have his next album The Gold Experience released simultaneously with Love Symbol-era material. Warner Bros. allowed the single "The Most Beautiful Girl in the World" to be released via a small, independent distributor, Bellmark Records, in February 1994. The release reached No. 3 on the US Billboard Hot 100 and No. 1 in many other countries, but it did not prove to be a model for subsequent releases. Warner Bros. still resisted releasing The Gold Experience, fearing poor sales and citing "market saturation" as a defense. When released in September 1995, The Gold Experience reached the top 10 of the Billboard 200 initially. The album is now out of print. Chaos and Disorder, released in 1996, was Prince's final album of new material for Warner Bros., as well as one of his least commercially successful releases. Prince attempted a major comeback later that year when, free of any further contractual obligations to Warner Bros., he released Emancipation, a 36-song, 3-CD set (each disc was exactly 60 minutes long). The album was released via his own NPG Records with distribution through EMI. To publish his songs on Emancipation, Prince did not use Controversy Music – ASCAP, which he had used for all his records since 1981, but rather used Emancipated Music Inc.[98] – ASCAP. Certified Platinum by the RIAA, Emancipation is the first record featuring covers by Prince of songs of other artists: Joan Osborne's top ten hit song of 1995 "One of Us";[99] "Betcha by Golly Wow!" (written by Thom Bell and Linda Creed);[100] "I Can't Make You Love Me" (written by James Allen Shamblin II and Michael Barry Reid);[101] and "La-La (Means I Love You)" (written by Thom Bell and William Hart).[102] Prince released Crystal Ball, a five-CD collection of unreleased material, in 1998. The distribution of this album was disorderly, with some fans pre-ordering the album on his website up to a year before it was shipped; these pre-orders were delivered months after the record had gone on sale in retail stores. The retail edition has only four discs, as it is missing the Kamasutra disc. There are also two different packaging editions for retail; one is a four-disc sized jewel case with a white cover and the Love Symbol in a colored circle while the other contains all four discs in a round translucent snap jewel case. The discs are the same, as is the CD jacket. The Newpower Soul album was released three months later. His collaborations on Chaka Khan's Come 2 My House and Larry Graham's GCS2000, both released on the NPG Records label around the same time as Newpower Soul, were promoted by live appearances on Vibe with Sinbad and the NBC Today show's Summer Concert Series. In 1999, Prince once again signed with a major label, Arista Records, to release a new record, Rave Un2 the Joy Fantastic. In an attempt to make his new album a success, Prince gave more interviews than at any other point in his career, appearing on MTV's Total Request Live (with his album cover on the front of the Virgin Megastore, in the background on TRL throughout the whole show), Larry King Live (with Larry Graham) and other media outlets. A few months earlier, Warner Bros. had also released The Vault: Old Friends 4 Sale, a collection of unreleased material recorded by Prince throughout his career.[103] The pay-per-view concert, Rave Un2 the Year 2000, was broadcast on December 31, 1999 and consisted of footage from the December 17 and 18 concerts of his 1999 tour. The concert featured appearances by guest musicians including Lenny Kravitz, George Clinton, Jimmy Russell, and The Time. It was released to home video the following year. 2000–2007: Turnaround, Musicology, label change, and 3121[edit] On May 16, 2000, Prince stopped using the Love Symbol moniker and returned to using "Prince", after his publishing contract with Warner/Chappell expired. In a press conference, he stated that, after being freed from undesirable relationships associated with the name "Prince", he would revert to using his real name. Prince continued to use the symbol as a logo and on album artwork and to play a Love Symbol-shaped guitar. For several years following the release of Rave Un2 the Joy Fantastic, Prince primarily released new music through his Internet subscription service, NPGOnlineLtd.com (later NPGMusicClub.com).[104] In 2002, Prince released his first live album, One Nite Alone... Live!, which features performances from the One Nite Alone...Tour. The 3-CD box set also includes a disc of "aftershow" music entitled It Ain't Over!. During this time, Prince sought to engage more effectively with his fan base via the NPG Music Club, pre-concert sound checks, and at yearly "celebrations" at Paisley Park, his music studios. Fans were invited into the studio for tours, interviews, discussions and music-listening sessions. Some of these fan discussions were filmed for an unreleased documentary, directed by Kevin Smith. On February 8, 2004, Prince appeared at the 46th Annual Grammy Awards with Beyoncé.[105][106] In a performance that opened the show, they performed a medley of "Purple Rain", "Let's Go Crazy", "Baby I'm a Star", and Beyoncé's "Crazy in Love".[107] The following month, Prince was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.[108] The award was presented to him by Alicia Keys along with Big Boi and André 3000 of OutKast.[109] As well as performing a trio of his own hits during the ceremony, Prince also participated in a tribute to fellow inductee George Harrison in a rendering of Harrison's "While My Guitar Gently Weeps", playing a two-minute guitar solo that ended the song.[110][111][112] He also performed the song "Red House" as "Purple House" on the album Power of Soul: A Tribute to Jimi Hendrix.[113] In April 2004, Prince released Musicology through a one-album agreement with Columbia Records. The album rose as high as the top five on some international charts (including the US, UK, Germany, and Australia). The US chart success was assisted by the CDs being included as part of the concert ticket purchase, thereby qualifying each CD (as chart rules then stood) to count toward US chart placement.[114] Three months later, Spin named him the greatest frontman of all time.[115] That same year, Rolling Stone magazine named Prince as the highest-earning musician in the world, with an annual income of $56.5 million,[116] largely due to his Musicology Tour, which Pollstar named as the top concert draw among musicians in US. He played 96 concerts; the average ticket price for a show was US$61 (equivalent to $79 in 2017). Musicology went on to receive two Grammy wins, for Best Male R&B Vocal Performance for "Call My Name" and Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance for the title track. Musicology was also nominated for Best R&B Song and Best R&B Album, and "Cinnamon Girl" was nominated for Best Male Pop Vocal Performance. Rolling Stone magazine has ranked Prince No. 27 on their list of 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.[117] In April 2005, Prince played guitar (along with En Vogue singing backing vocals) on Stevie Wonder's single "So What the Fuss", Wonder's first since 1999.[118] In late 2005, Prince signed with Universal Records to release his album, 3121, on March 21, 2006. The first single was "Te Amo Corazón", the video for which was directed by actress Salma Hayek and filmed in Marrakech, Morocco, featuring Argentine actress and singer Mía Maestro. The video for the second single, "Black Sweat", was nominated at the MTV VMAs for Best Cinematography. The immediate success of 3121 gave Prince his first No. 1 debut on the Billboard 200 with the album. To promote the new album, Prince was the musical guest on Saturday Night Live on February 4, 2006, 17 years after his last SNL appearance on the 15th anniversary special, and nearly 25 years since his first appearance on a regular episode in 1981.[119] At the 2006 Webby Awards on June 12, Prince received a Webby Lifetime Achievement Award in recognition of his "visionary use of the Internet to distribute music and connect with audiences", exemplified by his decision to release his album Crystal Ball (1997) exclusively online.[120][121] In July 2006, weeks after winning a Webby Award, Prince shut down his NPG Music Club website, after more than five years of operation.[122][123] On the day of the music club's shutdown, a lawsuit was filed against Prince by the British company HM Publishing (owners of the Nature Publishing Group, also NPG). Despite these events' occurring on the same day, Prince's attorney stated that the site did not close due to the trademark dispute.[122] Prince appeared at multiple award ceremonies in 2006: on February 15, he performed at the 2006 Brit Awards, along with Wendy & Lisa and Sheila E.,[124] and on June 27, Prince appeared at the 2006 BET Awards, where he was awarded Best Male R&B Artist. Prince performed a medley of Chaka Khan songs for Khan's BET Lifetime Achievement Award.[125] In November 2006, Prince was inducted into the UK Music Hall of Fame;[106] he appeared to collect his award but did not perform. Also in November 2006, Prince opened a nightclub called 3121, in Las Vegas at the Rio All Suite Hotel and Casino. He performed weekly on Friday and Saturday nights until April 2007, when his contract with the Rio ended.[citation needed] On August 22, 2006, Prince released Ultimate Prince. The double disc set contains one CD of previous hits, and another of extended versions and mixes of material that had largely only previously been available on vinyl record B-sides. That same year, Prince wrote and performed a song for the hit animated film Happy Feet (2006). The song, "The Song of the Heart", appears on the film's soundtrack, which also features a cover of Prince's earlier hit "Kiss", sung by Nicole Kidman and Hugh Jackman. In January 2007, "The Song of the Heart" won a Golden Globe for Best Original Song.[126] 2007–2010: Super Bowl XLI, Planet Earth, and Lotusflower[edit] Prince's stage set for the Earth Tour in 2007 On February 2, 2007, Prince played at the Super Bowl XLI press conference, and the Super Bowl XLI Halftime Show in Miami, Florida on February 4, 2007, on a large stage shaped like his symbol. The event was carried to 140 million television viewers, his biggest ever audience.[127] In 2015, Billboard.com ranked the performance as the greatest Super Bowl performance ever.[128] Prince played 21 concerts in London during mid-2007. The Earth Tour included 21 nights at the 20,000 capacity O2 Arena, with Maceo Parker in his band. Tickets for the O2 Arena were capped by Prince at £31.21 ($48.66). The residency at the O2 Arena was increased to 15 nights after all 140,000 tickets for the original seven sold out in 20 minutes.[129] It was then further extended to 21 nights.[130] Prince performed with Sheila E. at the 2007 ALMA Awards. On June 28, 2007, the Mail on Sunday stated that it had made a deal to give Prince's new album, Planet Earth, away for free with the paper, making it the first place in the world to get the album. This move sparked controversy among music distributors and also led the UK arm of Prince's distributor, Sony BMG, to withdraw from distributing the album in UK stores.[131] The UK's largest high street music retailer, HMV, stocked the paper on release day due to the giveaway. On July 7, 2007, Prince returned to Minneapolis to perform three shows. He performed concerts at the Macy's Auditorium (to promote his new perfume "3121") on Nicollet Mall, the Target Center arena, and First Avenue.[132] It was the first time he had played at First Avenue (the club appeared in the film Purple Rain) since 1987.[133] From 2008, Prince was managed by UK-based Kiran Sharma.[134] On April 25, 2008, Prince performed on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, where he debuted a new song, "Turn Me Loose". Days after, he headlined the 2008 Coachella Festival. Prince was paid more than $5 million for his performance at Coachella, according to Reuters.[135] Prince cancelled a concert, planned at Dublin's Croke Park on June 16, 2008, at 10 days' notice. In October 2009 promoters MCD Productions went to court to sue him for €1.6 million to refund 55,126 tickets. Prince settled the case out of court in February 2010 for $2.95 million.[136][137] During the trial, it was said that Prince had been offered $22 million for seven concerts as part of a proposed 2008 European tour.[138] In October 2008, Prince released a live album entitled Indigo Nights, a collection of songs performed live at aftershows in the IndigO2. Prince at the Coachella Festival in 2008 On December 18, 2008, Prince premiered four songs from his new album on LA's Indie rock radio station Indie 103.1.[139] The radio station's programmers Max Tolkoff and Mark Sovel had been invited to Prince's home to hear the new rock-oriented music. Prince gave them a CD with four songs to premiere on their radio station. The music debuted the next day on Jonesy's Jukebox, hosted by former Sex Pistol Steve Jones.[140] On January 3, 2009, the new website LotusFlow3r.com was launched, streaming and selling some of the recently aired material and concert tickets. On January 31, Prince released two more songs on LotusFlow3r.com: "Disco Jellyfish", and "Another Boy". "Chocolate Box", "Colonized Mind", and "All This Love" were later released on the website. Prince released a triple album set containing Lotusflower, MPLSoUND, and an album credited to Bria Valente, called Elixer, on March 24, 2009, followed by a physical release on March 29. On July 18, 2009, Prince performed two shows at the Montreux Jazz Festival, backed by The New Power Generation including Rhonda Smith, Renato Neto and John Blackwell. On October 11, 2009, he gave two surprise concerts at the Grand Palais.[141] On October 12, he gave another surprise performance at La Cigale. On October 24, Prince played a concert at Paisley Park.[142] 2010–2012: 20Ten and Welcome 2 Tours[edit] In January 2010, Prince wrote a new song, "Purple and Gold", inspired by his visit to a Minnesota Vikings football game against the Dallas Cowboys.[143] The following month, Prince let Minneapolis-area public radio station 89.3 The Current premiere his new song "Cause and Effect" as a gesture in support of independent radio.[144] In 2010, Prince was listed in Time magazine's annual ranking of the "100 Most Influential People in the World".[145] Prince released a new single on Minneapolis radio station 89.3 The Current called "Hot Summer" on June 7, his 52nd birthday. Also in June, Prince appeared on the cover of the July 2010 issue of Ebony,[146] and he received the Lifetime Achievement Award at the 2010 BET Awards.[147] Prince released his album 20Ten in July 2010 as a free covermount with publications in the UK, Belgium, Germany, and France.[148] He refused album access to digital download services and closed LotusFlow3r.com. On July 4, 2010, Prince began his 20Ten Tour, a concert tour in two legs with shows in Europe. The second leg began on October 15[149] and ended with a concert following the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix on November 14.[150] The second half of the tour had a new band, John Blackwell, Ida Kristine Nielsen, and Sheila E.[151] Prince let Europe 1 debut the snippet of his new song "Rich Friends" from the new album 20Ten Deluxe on October 8, 2010.[152] Prince started the Welcome 2 Tour on December 15, 2010.[153] Prince was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame on December 7, 2010.[154] On February 12, 2011, Prince presented Barbra Streisand with an award and donated $1.5 million to charities.[155] On the same day, it was reported that he had not authorized the television show Glee to cover his hit "Kiss", in an episode that had already been filmed.[156] Prince headlined the Hop Farm Festival on July 3, 2011, marking his first UK show since 2007 and his first ever UK festival appearance.[157] Despite having previously rejected the Internet for music distribution, on November 24, 2011, Prince released a reworked version of the previously unreleased song "Extraloveable" through both iTunes and Spotify.[158] Purple Music, a Switzerland-based record label, released a CD single "Dance 4 Me" on December 12, 2011, as part of a club remixes package including Bria Valente CD single "2 Nite" released on February 23, 2012. The CD features club remixes by Jamie Lewis and David Alexander, produced by Prince.[159] 2013–2016: Return to Warner Bros., 3rdEyeGirl & HitNRun Tours and Prince's Final Years[edit] In January 2013, Prince released a lyric video for a new song called "Screwdriver".[160] In April 2013, Prince announced a West Coast tour titled Live Out Loud Tour with 3rdeyegirl as his backing band.[161] The final two dates of the first leg of the tour were in Minneapolis where former Revolution drummer Bobby Z. sat in as guest drummer on both shows.[162] In May, Prince announced a deal with Kobalt Music to market and distribute his music.[163] On August 14, 2013, Prince released a new solo single for download through the 3rdeyegirl.com website.[164] The single "Breakfast Can Wait" had cover art featuring comedian Dave Chappelle's impersonation of the singer in a sketch on the 2000s Comedy Central series Chappelle's Show.[165] In February 2014, Prince performed concerts with 3rdeyegirl in London titled the Hit and Run Tour. Beginning with intimate shows, the first was held at the London home of singer Lianne La Havas, followed by two performances of what Prince described as a "sound check" at the Electric Ballroom in Camden,[166] and another at Shepherds Bush Empire.[167] On April 18, 2014, Prince released a new single entitled "The Breakdown". He re-signed with his former label, Warner Bros. Records after an 18-year split. Warner announced that Prince would release a remastered deluxe edition of his 1984 album Purple Rain in 2014 to celebrate the 30th anniversary of the album. In return, Warner gave Prince ownership of the master recordings of his Warner recordings.[168][169] In February 2014 Prince began, what was billed as his 'Hit N Run Part One' tour. This involved Prince's Twitter followers keeping an avid eye on second-by-second information as to the whereabouts of his shows. Many of these shows would only be announced on the day off the concert, and many of these concerts involved 2 performances; a matinee and an evening show. These shows began at Camden's Electric Ballroom, billed as 'Soundchecks', and spread throughout the UK capital to KoKo Club, in Camden, Shepard's Bush Empire and various other small venues. After his London dates he moved on to other European cities. In May 2014 Prince began his 'Hit N Run Part Two' shows, which followed a more normal style of purchasing tickets online, and being held in Music Arena's. In spring 2014, he launched NPG Publishing a music company to administer his own music and that of other artists without the restrictions of mainstream record companies[170] In May 2015, following the death of Freddie Gray and the subsequent riots, Prince released a song entitled "Baltimore" in tribute to Gray and in support of the protesters in Baltimore.[171][172][173][174] He also held a tribute concert for Gray at his Paisley Park estate called "Dance Rally 4 Peace" in which he encouraged fans to wear the color gray in honor of Freddie Gray.[175] Prince's penultimate album, Hit n Run Phase One, was first made available on September 7, 2015, on the music streaming service Tidal before being released on CD and download on September 14.[176] His final album, Hit n Run Phase Two, was meant as a continuation of this one, and was released on Tidal for streaming and download on December 12, 2015.[177] In February 2016, Prince embarked on the Piano & A Microphone Tour, a tour that saw his show stripped back to only Prince and a custom piano on stage. He performed a series of warm-up shows at Paisley Park in late January, 2016 and the tour commenced in Melbourne, Australia on February 16, 2016 to critical acclaim.[178]. The Australian and New Zealand legs of the tour were played in small capacity venues including the Sydney Opera House. Hit n Run Phase Two CD's were distributed to every attendee after each performance. The tour continued to the United States but was cut abruptly short by illness in April, 2016. 2016–2018: Posthumous projects[edit] Prince was posthumously inducted into the Rhythm and Blues Music Hall of Fame.[179] The first album released following Prince's death was a greatest hits album, 4Ever, which was released on November 22, 2016. The album contains one previously unreleased song: "Moonbeam Levels", recorded in 1982 during the 1999 sessions.[180] On April 19, 2017, an EP featuring six unreleased Prince recordings, titled Deliverance, was announced, with an expected release date for later that week.[181] The next day, Prince's estate was granted a temporary restraining order against George Ian Boxill – an engineer who co-produced the tracks and was in possession of the master tapes – and halted the release of the EP.[182] On February 9, 2017, Prince's estate signed a distribution deal with Universal Music Group, which includes the post-1995 recordings on his NPG Records label and unreleased tracks from his vault.[183] However, on June 27, Comerica (acting on behalf of the estate) requested that Carver County District Judge Kevin Eide cancel the estate's deal with Universal, as UMG's contract would interfere with a contract with Warner Music Group that Prince signed in 2014. After Universal's attorneys were granted access to the Warner contract, the attorneys also offered to cancel the deal.[184] On July 13, the court voided Universal's deal with Prince's estate, though Universal will continue to administer Prince's songwriting credits and create merchandise.[185] On June 23, 2017, Purple Rain was released as a Deluxe and Deluxe Expanded edition. It is the first Prince album to be remastered and reissued.[186] The Deluxe edition consists of two discs, the first being a remaster of the original album made in 2015 overseen by Prince himself and a bonus disc of previously unreleased songs called "From the Vault & Previously Unreleased". The Deluxe Expanded edition consists of two more discs, a disc with all the single edits, maxi-single edits and b-sides from the Purple Rain era and a DVD with a concert from the Purple Rain Tour filmed in Syracuse, New York, on March 30, 1985, previously released on home video in 1985.[187] The album debuted at No. 4 on the Bilboard 200 and at No. 1 on both the Billboard R&B Albums Chart and the Billboard Vinyl Albums Chart[186] According to an Advisor for Prince’s estate, new music will be released during 2018.[188]


Illness and death[edit] Following his death, fans left flowers, purple balloons, and other mementos beneath Prince's star painted on the front of the First Avenue nightclub. Prince saw Michael T. Schulenberg, a Twin Cities specialist in family medicine, in Excelsior on April 7, 2016, and again on April 20.[189] On April 7, Prince postponed two performances at the Fox Theatre in Atlanta from his Piano & A Microphone Tour; the venue released a statement saying he had influenza.[190] Prince rescheduled and performed the show on April 14, even though he still was not feeling well.[191][192] While flying back to Minneapolis early the next morning, he became unresponsive, and his private jet made an emergency landing at Quad City International Airport in Moline, Illinois, where he was hospitalized and received Narcan. Once he became conscious he left against medical advice.[193][194] Representatives said he suffered from dehydration and had influenza for several weeks.[191] Prince was seen bicycling the next day in his hometown of Chanhassen.[195] He shopped that evening at the Electric Fetus in Minneapolis for Record Store Day and made a brief appearance at an impromptu dance party at his Paisley Park recording studio complex, stating that he was feeling fine.[192][196] On April 19, he attended a performance by singer Lizz Wright at the Dakota Jazz Club.[197] On April 20, Prince's representatives called Howard Kornfeld, a California specialist in addiction medicine and pain management, seeking medical help for Prince. Kornfeld scheduled to meet with Prince on April 22, and he contacted a local physician who cleared his schedule for a physical examination on April 21.[193][198] On April 21, at 9:43 am, the Carver County Sheriff's Office received a 9-1-1 call requesting that an ambulance be sent to Prince's home at Paisley Park. The caller initially told the dispatcher that an unidentified person at the home was unconscious, then moments later said he was dead, and finally identified the person as Prince.[199] The caller was Kornfeld's son, who had flown in with buprenorphine that morning to devise a treatment plan for opioid addiction.[193] Emergency responders found Prince unresponsive in an elevator and performed CPR, but a paramedic said he had been dead for about six hours,[200] and they were unable to revive him. They pronounced him dead at 10:07 am, 19 minutes after their arrival.[193] There were no signs of suicide or foul play.[193] A press release from the Midwest Medical Examiner's Office in Anoka County on June 2 stated that Prince had died of an accidental overdose of fentanyl,[201] at the age of 57.[202] It is not yet known whether Prince obtained the fentanyl by a prescription or through an illicit channel.[203] However, the question of how and from what source Prince obtained the drug which led to his death is the subject of investigations by several law enforcement agencies.[194][198][200] A sealed search warrant was issued for his estate,[204] and another, unsealed, warrant was issued for the local Walgreens pharmacy.[205] Following an autopsy, his remains were cremated.[206] On April 26, 2016, Prince's sister and only full sibling Tyka Nelson filed court documents in Carver County, to open a probate case, stating that no will had been found. Prince's five half-siblings also have a claim to his estate, which totals millions of dollars and includes real estate, stocks, and cars.[207][208] As of three weeks after his death, 700 people claimed to be half-siblings or descendants.[209] Bremer Trust was given temporary control of his estate, had his vault drilled open,[210] and was authorized to obtain a blood sample for DNA profiling.[211] Prince's cremated remains were placed into a custom, 3D printed urn shaped like the Paisley Park estate.[212] The urn was placed on display in the atrium of the Paisley Park complex in October 2016.[213] Remembrances[edit] Numerous musicians and cultural figures reacted to Prince's death.[214][215] President Barack Obama mourned him,[216] and the United States Senate passed a resolution praising his achievements "as a musician, composer, innovator, and cultural icon".[217] Cities across the US held tributes and vigils, and lit buildings, bridges, and other venues in purple.[218][219][220] In the first five hours after the media reported his death, "Prince" was the top trending term on Twitter, and Facebook had 61 million Prince-related interactions.[221] MTV interrupted its programming to air a marathon of Prince music videos and Purple Rain.[222] AMC Theatres and Carmike Cinemas screened Purple Rain in select theaters over the following week.[223] Saturday Night Live aired an episode in his honor titled "Goodnight, Sweet Prince," featuring his performances from the show.[224] Nielsen Music reported an initial sales spike of 42,000 percent.[225] Prince's catalog sold 4.41 million albums and songs from April 21 to 28, with five albums simultaneously in the top ten of the Billboard 200, a first in the chart's history.[226] At the 59th Grammy Awards, Morris Day with The Time and Bruno Mars performed a tribute to him.[227]


Legacy[edit] Music and image[edit] A costume worn by Prince and associated memorabilia, displayed at a Hard Rock Cafe in Australia The Los Angeles Times called Prince "our first post-everything pop star, defying easy categories of race, genre and commercial appeal."[228] Jon Pareles of The New York Times described him as "a master architect of funk, rock, R&B and pop", and highlighted his ability to defy labels.[229] Los Angeles Times writer Randall Roberts called Prince "among the most versatile and restlessly experimental pop artists of our time," writing that his "early work connected disco and synthetic funk [while his] fruitful mid-period merged rock, soul, R&B and synth-pop."[230] Simon Reynolds called him a "pop polymath, flitting between funkadelia, acid rock, deep soul, schmaltz—often within the same song".[231] AllMusic wrote that, "With each album he released, Prince showed remarkable stylistic growth and musical diversity, constantly experimenting with different sounds, textures, and genres [...] no other contemporary artist blended so many diverse styles into a cohesive whole."[232] Rolling Stone ranked Prince at number 27 on its list of 100 Greatest Artists, "the most influential artists of the rock & roll era".[117] As a performer, he was known for his flamboyant style and showmanship.[229] He came to be regarded as a sex symbol for his androgynous, amorphous sexuality,[233] play with signifiers of gender,[234][235] and defiance of racial stereotypes.[236] His "audacious, idiosyncratic" fashion sense made use of "ubiquitous purple, alluring makeup and frilled garments."[228] His androgynous look has been compared to that of Little Richard[233][237][238] and David Bowie.[239] In 2016, Reynolds described it as "Prince's '80s evasion of conventional gender definitions speaks to us now in this trans-aware moment. But it also harks backwards in time to the origins of rock 'n' roll in racial mixture and sexual blurring".[240] Prince was known for the strong female presence in his bands and his support for women in the music industry throughout his career.[241] Slate said he worked with an "astounding range of female stars" and "promised a world where men and women looked and acted like each other."[242] Influences and musicianship[edit] Prince's music synthesized a wide variety of influences,[229] and drew inspiration from a range of musicians, including James Brown,[243][244][245][239] George Clinton,[243][244][239] Joni Mitchell,[243] Duke Ellington,[246] Jimi Hendrix,[243][239] The Beatles,[243][239] Chuck Berry,[243] David Bowie,[243] Earth, Wind & Fire,[243] Mick Jagger,[243] Rick James,[243] Jerry Lee Lewis,[243] Little Richard,[243] Curtis Mayfield,[243][247] Elvis Presley,[243] Todd Rundgren,[248] Carlos Santana,[243] Sly Stone,[243][249][244][239][250] Jackie Wilson,[243], Chicago[citation needed] and Stevie Wonder.[250][251][252] Prince has been compared with jazz great Miles Davis in regard to the artistic changes throughout his career.[243][253] Davis said he regarded Prince as an otherwordly blend of James Brown, Jimi Hendrix, Marvin Gaye, Sly Stone, Little Richard, Duke Ellington, and Charlie Chaplin.[254][246][255] Journalist Nik Cohn described him as "rock's greatest ever natural talent".[256] His singing abilities encompassed a wide range from falsetto to baritone and rapid, seemingly effortless shifts of register.[8] Prince was also renowned as a multi-instrumentalist.[239][257] He was considered a guitar virtuoso and a master of drums, percussion, bass, keyboards, and synthesizer.[258] On his first five albums, he played nearly all the instruments,[259] including 27 instruments on his debut album,[260] among them various types of bass, keyboards and synthesizers.[261] Prince was also quick to embrace technology in his music,[262] making pioneering use of drum machines like the Linn LM-1 on his early '80s albums and employing a wide range of studio effects.[263] The LA Times also noted his "harnessing [of] new-generation synthesizer sounds in service of the groove," laying the foundations for post-'70s funk music.[230] Prince was also known for his prolific and perfectionist tendencies, which resulted in him recording large amounts of unreleased material.[264] Prince also wrote songs for other artists, and some songs of his were covered by musicians, such as the hit songs Manic Monday, written specifically for The Bangles (as Prince was dating Susanna Hoffs), I Feel For You, originally on Prince's self-titled second album from 1979, covered by Chaka Khan and Nothing Compares 2 U, written for Prince's 'The Family' side project, and covered very successfully by Sinead O'Connor. It is important to note that neither 'I Feel For You' or 'Nothing Compares 2 U' were actually written for the singers who made them famous; something Prince would later lament in interviews in the mid-2010's. He co-wrote Love... Thy Will Be Done with singer Martika, for her second album Martika's Kitchen, and also gifted Celine Dion a song for her second album, 'Celine Dion', titled 'With This Tear'; a song Prince had written specifically for Celine Dion.[265]


Legal issues[edit] Pseudonyms[edit] In 1993, during negotiations regarding the release of The Gold Experience, a legal battle ensued between Warner Bros. and Prince over the artistic and financial control of his musical output. During the lawsuit, Prince appeared in public with the word "slave" written on his cheek.[266] He explained that he had changed his name to an unpronounceable symbol to emancipate himself from his contract with Warner Bros., and that he had done it out of frustration because he felt his own name now belonged to the company.[267][268] Prince sometimes used pseudonyms to separate himself from the music he had written, produced, or recorded, and at one point stated that his ownership and achievement were strengthened by the act of giving away ideas.[96] Pseudonyms he adopted, at various times, include: Jamie Starr and The Starr Company (for the songs he wrote for The Time and many other artists from 1981 to 1984),[269][270] Joey Coco (for many unreleased Prince songs in the late 1980s, as well as songs written for Sheena Easton and Kenny Rogers),[271] Alexander Nevermind (for writing the song "Sugar Walls" (1984) by Sheena Easton),[272] and Christopher (used for his song writing credit of "Manic Monday" (1986) for the Bangles).[273] Copyright issues[edit] On September 14, 2007, Prince announced that he was going to sue YouTube and eBay, because they hosted his copyrighted material, and he hired the international Internet policing company Web Sheriff.[274][275] In October, Stephanie Lenz filed a lawsuit against Universal Music Publishing Group claiming that they were abusing copyright law after the music publisher had YouTube take down Lenz's home movie in which the Prince song "Let's Go Crazy" played faintly in the background.[276][277] On November 5, several Prince fan sites formed "Prince Fans United" to fight back against legal requests which, they claim, Prince made to prevent all use of photographs, images, lyrics, album covers, and anything linked to his likeness.[278] Prince's lawyers claimed that this constituted copyright infringement; the Prince Fans United said that the legal actions were "attempts to stifle all critical commentary about Prince". Prince's promoter AEG stated that the only offending items on the three fansites were live shots from Prince's 21 nights in London at the O2 Arena earlier in the year.[279] On November 8, Prince Fans United received a song named "PFUnk", providing a kind of "unofficial answer" to their movement. The song originally debuted on the PFU main site,[280] was retitled "F.U.N.K.", but this is not one of the selected songs available on the iTunes Store. On November 14, the satirical website b3ta.com pulled their "image challenge of the week" devoted to Prince after legal threats from the star under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA).[281] At the 2008 Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival ("Coachella Festival"), Prince performed a cover of Radiohead's "Creep", but immediately afterward he forced YouTube and other sites to remove footage that fans had taken of the performance, despite Radiohead's request to leave it on the website.[282] Days later, YouTube reinstated the videos, as Radiohead said: "it's our song, let people hear it." In 2009, Prince put the video of the Coachella performance on his official website. In 2010 he declared "the internet is completely over", elaborating five years later that "the internet was over for anyone who wants to get paid, tell me a musician who's got rich off digital sales".[8] In 2013, the Electronic Frontier Foundation granted to Prince the inaugural "Raspberry Beret Lifetime Aggrievement Award"[283] for what they said was abuse of the DMCA takedown process.[284] In January 2014, Prince filed a lawsuit titled Prince v. Chodera against 22 online users for direct copyright infringement, unauthorized fixation, contributory copyright infringement, and bootlegging.[285] Several of the users were fans who had shared links to bootlegged versions of Prince concerts through social media websites like Facebook.[286][287] In the same month, he dismissed the entire action without prejudice.[288] Prince was one of a small handful of musicians to deny "Weird Al" Yankovic permission to parody his music. By Yankovic's account, he'd done so "about a half-dozen times" and has been the sole artist not to give any explanation for his rejection beyond a flat "no".[289]


Personal life[edit] Prince's home and recording studio, Paisley Park, in Chanhassen, Minnesota Prince was romantically linked with many celebrities over the years, including Kim Basinger, Madonna, Vanity, Sheila E., Carmen Electra, Susanna Hoffs, Anna Fantastic,[12] Sherilyn Fenn,[290] and Susan Moonsie.[291] He was engaged to Susannah Melvoin in 1985.[292] On February 14, 1996, he married his backup singer and dancer Mayte Garcia. He was 37 and she was 22. They had a son named Amiir Nelson, who was born on October 16, 1996 and died a week later on October 23 after suffering from Pfeiffer syndrome.[293] The distress of losing a child and a subsequent miscarriage took a toll on the marriage, and the couple divorced in 2000. In 2001, Prince married Manuela Testolini in a private ceremony. They separated in 2003 and divorced in May 2006.[294] Prince was an animal rights activist who followed a vegan diet for part of his life, but later described himself as vegetarian.[295][296][297][298][299] The liner notes for his album Rave Un2 the Joy Fantastic (1999) featured a message about the cruelty involved in wool production.[300] He became a Jehovah's Witness in 2001, following a two-year debate with friend and fellow Jehovah's Witness musician Larry Graham. Prince said that he did not consider it a conversion, but a "realization", comparing it to "Morpheus and Neo in The Matrix". Prince attended meetings at a local Kingdom Hall and occasionally knocked on people's doors to discuss his faith.[301][302] Prince had needed double hip-replacement surgery since 2005. A false rumor was spread by the tabloids[303] that he would not undergo the operation because of his refusal to have blood transfusions. However, the Star Tribune reported[304] that Graham, Prince's mentor and Bible teacher, "denied claims that Prince couldn't have hip surgery because his faith prohibited blood transfusions" and put the false rumor to rest as hip surgery does not require blood transfusions.[305][306][307] According to Morris Day, Prince in fact had the hip surgery in 2008.[308] The condition was reportedly caused by repeated onstage dancing in high-heeled boots.[309] Prince had been using canes as part of his outfit from the early 1990s onwards; towards the end of his life he regularly walked with a cane in public engagements, which led to speculation that it resulted from his not having undergone the surgery.[310] As a Jehovah's Witness, Prince did not speak publicly about his charitable endeavors; the extent of his activism, philanthropy, and charity was publicized after his death.[311] In 2001, Prince donated $12,000 anonymously to the Louisville Free Public Library system to keep the historic Western Branch Library, the first full service library for African Americans in the country, from closure.[312] Also in 2001, he anonymously paid off the medical bills of drummer Clyde Stubblefield, who was undergoing cancer treatment.[313] In 2015, he conceived and launched YesWeCode, paying for many hackathons outright and performing at some of them.[311][314] He also helped fund Green for All.[311] In late March 2016, Prince told an audience he was writing a memoir, tentatively titled The Beautiful Ones.[315]


Awards and nominations[edit] Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Prince


Discography[edit] Main articles: Prince albums discography, Prince singles discography, The New Power Generation, and Madhouse (band) In his life Prince released 39 studio albums: For You (1978) Prince (1979) Dirty Mind (1980) Controversy (1981) 1999 (1982) Purple Rain (1984) Around the World in a Day (1985) Parade (1986) Sign o' the Times (1987) Lovesexy (1988) Batman (1989) Graffiti Bridge (1990) Diamonds and Pearls (1991) (Love Symbol Album) (1992) Come (1994) The Black Album (1994) The Gold Experience (1995) Chaos and Disorder (1996) Emancipation (1996) Crystal Ball (1998) The Truth (1998) The Vault: Old Friends 4 Sale (1999) Rave Un2 the Joy Fantastic (1999) The Rainbow Children (2001) One Nite Alone... (2002) Xpectation (2003) N·E·W·S (2003) Musicology (2004) The Chocolate Invasion (2004) The Slaughterhouse (2004) 3121 (2006) Planet Earth (2007) Lotusflow3r (2009) MPLSound (2009) 20Ten (2010) Plectrumelectrum (2014) Art Official Age (2014) HITnRUN Phase One (2015) HITnRUN Phase Two (2015) Posthumous Releases 4Ever (2016) Purple Rain 'Remastered' [2/4-Disc Deluxe Editions, with Bonus 'Vault' Material] (2017) tbc (2018)[188] He also released two albums credited to Madhouse, three albums credited to The New Power Generation and one credited to the NPG Orchestra: Madhouse: 8 (1987) 16 (1987) The New Power Generation: Goldnigga (1993) Exodus (1995) Newpower Soul (1998) NPG Orchestra: Kamasutra (1997)


Filmography[edit] Main article: Prince videography Film Year Film Role Director 1984 Purple Rain The Kid Albert Magnoli 1986 Under the Cherry Moon Christopher Tracy Prince 1987 Sign o' the Times Himself Prince 1990 Graffiti Bridge The Kid Prince Television Year Show Role Notes 1997 Muppets Tonight Himself Episode 11 2014 New Girl Himself Episode: "Prince"


Tours[edit] Prince Tour (1979–80) Dirty Mind Tour (1980–81) Controversy Tour (1981–82) 1999 Tour (1982–83) Purple Rain Tour (1984–85) Parade Tour (1986) Sign o' the Times Tour (1987) Lovesexy Tour (1988–89) Nude Tour (1990) Diamonds and Pearls Tour (1992) Act I and II (1993) Interactive Tour (1994) The Ultimate Live Experience (1995) Gold Tour (1996) Love 4 One Another Charities Tour (1997) Jam of the Year Tour (1997–98) New Power Soul Tour/Festival (1998) Hit n Run Tour (2000–01) A Celebration (2001) One Nite Alone... Tour (2002) 2003–2004 World Tour (2003–04) Musicology Live 2004ever (2004) Per4ming Live 3121 (2006–07) Earth Tour (2007) 20Ten Tour (2010) Welcome 2 (2010–12) Live Out Loud Tour (2013) Hit and Run Tour (2014–15) Piano & A Microphone Tour (2016)


See also[edit] Book: Prince List of best-selling music artists List of best-selling music artists in the United States Unreleased Prince projects African American portal Pop music portal Guitar portal Fashion portal Minnesota portal


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Mayfield—whose massive body of work has influenced everyone from Lenny Kravitz, Prince, and Vernon Reid to countless other soul singers, new jack producers, and hip hop heads—will never play the guitar again.  ^ Lester, Paul; Hot Chip (July 25, 2008). "That's one potent hot toddy". The Guardian. Retrieved April 22, 2016. He [Todd Rundgren] was a hero to the young Prince, who would try to get backstage to meet the gangly whizzkid multi-instrumentalist with the long, rainbow-coloured hair; […]  ^ Gulla 2008, p. 418. ^ a b Ro 2011, p. 9. ^ Perone 2006, p. xii. ^ Getz, Dana (April 22, 2016). "Stevie Wonder reflects on Prince: 'It's a heartbreak to lose a member of that army of love'". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 22, 2016.  ^ Seymour, Gene (April 21, 2016). "A Prince We Followed Anywhere". CNN. Retrieved April 21, 2016.  ^ Remnick, Dave (April 21, 2016). "Prince Live". The New Yorker. Retrieved April 22, 2016.  ^ Werner 2006, p. 277. ^ Cohn, Nik (April 21, 2016). "Prince, the godfather of R&B, had his fingerprints everywhere". GQ. Retrieved April 22, 2016.  ^ Lavezzoli 2001, p. 92. ^ Touré 2013, p. 3. ^ Ilahe, Ezadi; et al. (April 21, 2016). "'The World Lost a Creative Icon': Prince, Legendary Musician, Dies at 57". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 21, 2016.  ^ Hawkins & Niblock 2012: "Evidence of Prince's desire to control everything was blatantly apparent in the presentation of the credits on the album's sleeve: produced, arranged, composed and performed by Prince and a listing of the 27 instruments he played." ^ "Prince – For You". discogs. Retrieved April 21, 2016.  ^ Lynn, Samara. "Prince Understood the Value of Technology for Music Early On". Black Enterprise. Retrieved April 23, 2016.  ^ Wilson, Scott. "The 14 drum machines that shaped modern music". Fact. Archived from the original on August 11, 2015. Retrieved April 23, 2016.  ^ Rys, Dan (April 21, 2016). "Prince Dies at 57: Iconic Musical Genius Found Dead in Paisley Park". Billboard. Retrieved April 23, 2016.  ^ James Wigney, Prince’s output in the ‘80s and ‘90s was amazing — Sinead, The Bangles and Martika benefited the most Sydney Morning Herald, April 23, 2016 ^ Davis, Lisa Kay (April 21, 2016). "Prince Fought Big Labels For Ownership, Artistic Control". NBC News. Retrieved May 5, 2016.  ^ Heatley 2008, p. 191. ^ "Pop Cult". Books.google.com. p. 63. Retrieved 23 December 2017.  ^ "Songs credited to Jamie Starr". discogs. Retrieved May 6, 2015.  ^ "Songs credited to The Starr Company". discogs. Archived from the original on August 25, 2013. Retrieved May 6, 2015.  ^ "Songs credited to Joey Coco". discogs. Retrieved May 6, 2015.  ^ "Songs credited to Alexander Nevermind". discogs. Retrieved May 6, 2015.  ^ "Songs credited to Christopher". discogs. Retrieved May 6, 2015.  ^ "Prince To Sue YouTube, eBay Over Unauthorized Content". Billboard. September 14, 2007. Retrieved May 6, 2016.  ^ Hamilton, Fiona (September 13, 2007). "Prince takes on YouTube over clips". The Times. London. Archived from the original on September 7, 2008. Retrieved May 5, 2016.  ^ Francescani, Chris (October 26, 2007). "The Home Video Prince Doesn't Want You to See". ABC News. Retrieved May 5, 2016.  ^ Lenz, Stephanie (February 7, 2007). "Let's Go Crazy" #1. Retrieved March 30, 2016.  ^ Gibson, Owen (November 7, 2007). "Prince threatens to sue his fans over online images". The Guardian. Retrieved July 18, 2009.  ^ "Prince 'not suing fans': Singer hits back at fansite claims". NME. November 9, 2007. Retrieved November 27, 2017.  ^ Kreps, Daniel (November 9, 2007). "Prince Releases Diss Track As Battle With Fans Gets Funky". Rolling Stone.  ^ Kiss, Jemima (November 15, 2007). "B3ta bates Prince". The Guardian. Retrieved May 9, 2016.  ^ "Prince Is Being A "Creep," Radiohead Tell Him He's A Loser". StereoGum. May 30, 2008. Retrieved December 6, 2014.  ^ "The Raspberry Beret Lifetime Aggrievement Award". Eff.org. May 7, 2013. Retrieved August 31, 2013.  ^ "Prince Inducted into Takedown Hall of Shame With New Lifetime Aggrievement Award | Electronic Frontier Foundation". Eff.org. May 7, 2013. Retrieved August 31, 2013.  ^ "Prince v. Chodera". Scribd.com. Retrieved September 30, 2014.  ^ Rothman, Lily (January 27, 2014). "Prince Files Lawsuit Against Facebook Fans Over Bootlegged Concerts". Time. Retrieved September 30, 2014.  ^ Michaels, Sean (January 27, 2014). "Prince sues internet users for total of $22m over alleged bootleg recordings". The Guardian. Retrieved September 30, 2014.  ^ "Prince v. Chodera – Voluntary Dismissal Without Prejudice". Scribd.com. Retrieved September 30, 2014.  ^ "Alpocalypse Now: 'Weird Al' Yankovic Says 'Twitter Saved My Album'". WIRED. Retrieved May 1, 2016.  ^ Daly, Steven (December 1990). "Sherilyn Fenn – Is she the sexiest woman on television?". The Face.  ^ Nilsen 2003, p. 125. ^ Elan, Priya (September 20, 2008). "Purple Reign". The Guardian. Retrieved May 5, 2016.  ^ Kennedy, Dana; Sinclair, Tom (December 20, 1996). "Prince's Saddest Song". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 12, 2016.  ^ Levy, Daniel S. (July 27, 2006). "Prince's Wife, Manuela (Partner of five years), Filed for Divorce". People. Retrieved May 4, 2016.  ^ Catherine Censor Shemo (October 1997). "A Prince of a Guy". Vegetarian Times. pp. 79–83. Retrieved May 6, 2016.  ^ Prince at Lopez Tonight. April 15, 2011. Retrieved April 21, 2016 – via YouTube.  ^ Saelinger, Tracy (April 22, 2016). "Off stage, Prince was a passionate and quirky food lover, too". Today. Retrieved May 5, 2016.  ^ Faber, Judy (May 22, 2006). "Prince Is Voted 'Sexiest Vegetarian'". CBS News. Retrieved May 9, 2016.  ^ Pollard-Post, Lindsay (April 21, 2016). "The Animal Kingdom Has Lost Its Prince". PETA. Retrieved May 5, 2016.  ^ Koh, Elizabeth (April 21, 2016). "Six things about Prince you forgot or never knew". The Kansas City Star. Retrieved April 21, 2016.  ^ Hoffman, Claire (November 24, 2008). "Soup With Prince". The New Yorker. Retrieved May 5, 2016.  ^ Hagerty, James R.; Audi, Tamara (April 24, 2016). "Prince's Little-Known Life". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 27, 2016.  ^ Michaels, Sean (June 11, 2009). "Prince refuses hip surgery because of his faith". The Guardian. Retrieved May 5, 2016.  ^ Hopfensperger, Jean (May 4, 2016). "'We lost a spiritual brother' in Prince". Star Tribune. Minneapolis, MN. Retrieved June 16, 2016.  ^ Harwin, Steven F., MD; Pivec, Robert, MD; Johnson, Aaron J., MD; Naziri, Qais, MD; Mont, Michael A., MD (August 1, 2012). "Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty in Jehovah's Witnesses". Orthopedics. Healio. 35 (8): e1145–e1151. doi:10.3928/01477447-20120725-11. Retrieved June 16, 2016.  ^ Wittman, P. H.; Wittman, F. W. (1992). "Total Hip Replacement Surgery without Blood Transfusion in Jehovah's Witnesses" (PDF). British Journal of Anaesthesia. Oxford University Press. 68: 306–30. doi:10.1093/bja/68.3.306. Retrieved June 6, 2016.  ^ Bonnett, C. A.; Lapin, R.; Docuyanan, G. B. (January 16, 1987). "Total hip replacement in Jehovah's Witnesses under spinal anesthesia without transfusion". Orthopedic Review. MEDLINE. 16 (1): 43–47. PMID 3453957.  ^ wilkins, sara (April 23, 2016). "Jimmy Jam Opens Up About Prince's Hip Issues". Your Daily Dish. Retrieved June 17, 2016.  ^ Forder, Rachel (October 19, 2005). "When Hip Gives Way to Hip Replacement". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved May 5, 2016.  ^ "Prince death: Five strange stories about mysterious US musician". BBC News. April 22, 2016. Retrieved April 22, 2016.  ^ a b c Einenkel, Walter (April 23, 2016). "The breadth and power of Prince's activism begins to be revealed after his death". Daily Kos. Retrieved April 23, 2016.  ^ Chipman, Melissa (April 21, 2016). "Prince made secret donation to support Louisville's historic Western Branch Library in 2001". Insider Louisville. Retrieved April 22, 2016.  ^ Melendez, Monique (April 27, 2016). "Prince Paid Off 'Funky Drummer' Clyde Stubblefield's Medical Bills". Billboard. Archived from the original on May 5, 2016. Retrieved May 4, 2016.  ^ Guynn, Jessica (April 21, 2016). "Prince remembered as innovator, advocate for Black youth". USA Today. Retrieved April 22, 2016.  ^ Coscarelli, Joe (March 19, 2016). "Prince Announces Coming Memoir at Performance". The New York Times. Retrieved May 5, 2016. 


Sources[edit] Austen, Jake (2005). TV-a-Go-Go: Rock on TV From American Bandstand to American Idol. Chicago Review Press. ISBN 1556525729.  Bream, Jon (1984). Prince: Inside the Purple Reign. Macmillan Publishing. ISBN 9780020604105.  Buckley, Peter (2003). The Rough Guide to Rock. Rough Guides Ltd. ISBN 978-1-84353-105-0.  Cashmore, Ellis (1997). The Black Culture Industry. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-0415120821.  Cole, George (2005). The Last Miles: The Music of Miles Davis, 1980–1991. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press. ISBN 978-0472032600.  Corson, Keith (2016). Trying to Get Over: African American Directors after Blaxploitation, 1977-1986. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press. ISBN 978-1477309087.  Draper, Jason (2011). Prince: Chaos, Disorder, and Revolution. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Backbeat Books. ISBN 9780879309619.  Draper, Jason (2008). Prince: Life & Times. Jawbone Press. ISBN 978-1-906002-18-3.  Gregory, Hugh (1995). Soul Music A–Z. Da Capo Press. ISBN 9780306806438.  Gulla, Bob (2008). Icons of R&B and Soul: An Encyclopedia of the Artists who Revolutionized Rhythm. 2. Greenwood Publishing. ISBN 0-313-34046-3.  Hahn, Alex (2004). Possessed: The Rise And Fall Of Prince. Billboard Books. ISBN 0-8230-7749-7.  Hawkins, Stan; Niblock, Sarah (2012). Prince: The Making of a Pop Music Phenomenon. Abingdon-on-Thames, UK: Routledge. ISBN 9780754668763.  Heatley, Michael (2008). Where Were You... When the Music Played? 120 Unforgettable Moments in Music History. Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0-7621-0988-3.  Hill, Dave (1989). Prince: A Pop Life. Harmony Books. ISBN 9780517572825.  Lavezzoli, Peter (2001). The King of All, Sir Duke: Ellington and the Artistic Revolution. New York: Continuum. ISBN 978-0826414045.  Light, Alan (2014). Let's Go Crazy: Prince and the Making of Purple Rain (2015 reprint ed.). Atria Books. ISBN 978-1476776750.  Matos, Michelangelo (2004). Prince's Sign O' the Times. 33 1/3. New York: Continuum. ISBN 9781441141767.  Moskowitz, David V. (2015). "Prince and the Revolution (1979–1986)". In Moskowitz, David V. The 100 Greatest Bands of All Time: A Guide to the Legends Who Rocked the World. 2. Santa Barbara, California: Greenwood Press. ISBN 978-1440803390.  Nilsen, Per (2003). Dance Music Sex Romance: Prince: The First Decade. SAF. ISBN 0-946719-64-0.  Perone, James E. (2006). The Sound of Stevie Wonder: His Words and Music. Praeger Publishers. ISBN 0-275-98723-X.  Reynolds, Simon (1990). Blissed Out: The Raptures of Rock. Serpent's Tail. ISBN 1-85242-199-1.  Ro, Ronin (2011). Prince: Inside the Music and the Masks. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-312-38300-8.  Touré (2013). I Would Die 4 U: Why Prince Became an Icon. New York: Atria Books. ISBN 978-1476705491.  Uptown (2004). The Vault – The Definitive Guide to the Musical World of Prince. Nilsen Publishing. ISBN 91-631-5482-X.  Werner, Craig (2006). A Change is Gonna Come: Music, Race & the Soul of America. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0-472-03147-3.  White, Charles (2003). The Life and Times of Little Richard: The Authorized Press. Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-306-80552-9. 


Further reading[edit] Jones, Liz (1998). Purple Reign: The Artist Formerly Known as Prince. Birch Lane Press. ISBN 978-1-55972-448-7.  Ro, Ronin (2016). Prince: Inside the Music and the Masks. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-1-250-12754-9.  Wall, Mick (2016). Prince: Purple Reign. Trapeze. ISBN 978-1-409-16920-8. 


External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Prince. Wikiquote has quotations related to: Prince (musician) Prince at Encyclopædia Britannica Prince on IMDb Prince at the TCM Movie Database Prince at Find a Grave Prince at AllMusic Prince at Billboard.com Performance at Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at his induction in 2004 Preceded by Funky 4 + 1 More Saturday Night Live musical guest (with Todd Rundgren) February 21, 1981 Succeeded by Delbert McClinton Preceded by The Strokes Saturday Night Live musical guest February 4, 2006 Succeeded by Fall Out Boy Preceded by Iggy Azalea Saturday Night Live musical guest November 1, 2014 Succeeded by Kendrick Lamar v t e Prince Discography Albums Singles Videography Unreleased projects Awards and nominations Associates Concerts Prince Tour Dirty Mind Tour Controversy Tour 1999 Tour Purple Rain Tour Parade Tour Sign o' the Times Tour Lovesexy Tour Nude Tour Diamonds and Pearls Tour Act I and II Interactive Tour The Ultimate Live Experience Love 4 One Another Charities Tour Jam of the Year Tour New Power Soul Tour Hit n Run Tour A Celebration One Nite Alone... 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"Still Waiting" "Sexy Dancer" "Uptown" "Dirty Mind" "Do It All Night" "Controversy" "Let's Work" "Do Me, Baby" "1999" "Little Red Corvette" "Delirious" "Automatic" "Let's Pretend We're Married" "When Doves Cry" "Let's Go Crazy" "Purple Rain" "I Would Die 4 U" "Take Me with U" "Paisley Park" "Raspberry Beret" "Pop Life" "America" "Kiss" "Mountains" "Anotherloverholenyohead" "Girls & Boys" "Sign "O" the Times" "If I Was Your Girlfriend" "U Got the Look" "I Could Never Take the Place of Your Man" "Alphabet St." "Glam Slam" "I Wish U Heaven" "Batdance" "Partyman" "The Arms of Orion" "Scandalous!" 1990s "The Future" "Thieves in the Temple" "New Power Generation" "Gett Off" "Cream" "Diamonds and Pearls" "Money Don't Matter 2 Night" "Insatiable" "Thunder" "Sexy MF" "My Name Is Prince" "7" "Damn U" "The Morning Papers" "Pink Cashmere" "Nothing Compares 2 U" "Peach" "Letitgo" "Space" "The Most Beautiful Girl in the World" "I Hate U" "Gold" "Dinner with Delores" "Betcha by Golly Wow!" "The Holy River" "Somebody's Somebody" "The Truth" "Extraordinary" "The Greatest Romance Ever Sold" 2000s "U Make My Sun Shine" (with Angie Stone) "When Will We B Paid?" (with Audio Stepchild) "Supercute" "The Work, pt. 1" "Days of Wild" "Musicology" "Cinnamon Girl" "Controversy (Live in Hawaii)" "S.S.T." "Te Amo Corazón" "Black Sweat" "Fury" "Guitar" "F.U.N.K." 2010s "Breakfast Can Wait" Promotional singles "When You Were Mine" "Erotic City" "Nothing Compares 2 U" "Love Sign" (with Nona Gaye) "Somebody's Somebody" "The Rest of My Life" "5 Women" "It's About That Walk" "Man'O'War" "Call My Name" "The Song of the Heart" Airplay-only songs "International Lover" Internet downloads "One Song" "Glass Cutter" "Live from Paisley Park" "Strange Relationship" "Guitar (original "demo" version)" EPs The Beautiful Experience 1999: The New Master Other songs "I Feel for You" "When You Were Mine" "Private Joy" "How Come U Don't Call Me Anymore?" "17 Days" "The Beautiful Ones" "Computer Blue" "Darling Nikki" "Baby I'm a Star" "4 the Tears in Your Eyes" "Sometimes It Snows in April" "Adore" "Don't Talk 2 Strangers" "I Can't Make U Love Me" "La, La, La Means I Love U" "One of Us" "Everyday Is a Winding Road" "A Case of U" v t e Academy Award for Best Original Score 1930s Louis Silvers (1934) Max Steiner (1935) Leo F. Forbstein (1936) Charles Previn (1937) Erich Wolfgang Korngold / Alfred Newman (1938) Herbert Stothart / Richard Hageman, W. Franke Harling, John Leipold and Leo Shuken (1939) 1940s Leigh Harline, Paul J. Smith and Ned Washington / Alfred Newman (1940) Bernard Herrmann / Frank Churchill and Oliver Wallace (1941) Max Steiner / Ray Heindorf and Heinz Roemheld (1942) Alfred Newman / Ray Heindorf (1943) Max Steiner / Morris Stoloff and Carmen Dragon (1944) Miklós Rózsa / Georgie Stoll (1945) Hugo Friedhofer/Morris Stoloff (1946) Miklós Rózsa / Alfred Newman (1947) Brian Easdale / Johnny Green and Roger Edens (1948) Aaron Copland / Roger Edens and Lennie Hayton (1949) 1950s Franz Waxman / Adolph Deutsch and Roger Edens (1950) Franz Waxman / Johnny Green and Saul Chaplin (1951) Dimitri Tiomkin / Alfred Newman (1952) Bronisław Kaper / Alfred Newman (1953) Dimitri Tiomkin / Adolph Deutsch and Saul Chaplin (1954) Alfred Newman / Robert Russell Bennett, Jay Blackton and Adolph Deutsch (1955) Victor Young / Alfred Newman and Ken Darby (1956) Malcolm Arnold (1957) Dimitri Tiomkin / Andre Previn (1958) Miklós Rózsa / Andre Previn and Ken Darby (1959) 1960s Ernest Gold / Morris Stoloff and Harry Sukman (1960) Henry Mancini / Saul Chaplin, Johnny Green, Sid Ramin and Irwin Kostal (1961) Maurice Jarre / Ray Heindorf (1962) John Addison / Andre Previn (1963) Richard M. Sherman and Robert B. Sherman / Andre Previn (1964) Maurice Jarre / Irwin Kostal (1965) John Barry / Ken Thorne (1966) Elmer Bernstein / Alfred Newman and Ken Darby (1967) John Barry / Johnny Green (1968) Burt Bacharach / Lennie Hayton and Lionel Newman (1969) 1970s Francis Lai / The Beatles (John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr) (1970) Michel Legrand / John Williams (1971) Charlie Chaplin, Raymond Rasch and Larry Russell / Ralph Burns (1972) Marvin Hamlisch / Marvin Hamlisch (1973) Nino Rota and Carmine Coppola / Nelson Riddle (1974) John Williams / Leonard Rosenman (1975) Jerry Goldsmith / Leonard Rosenman (1976) John Williams / Jonathan Tunick (1977) Giorgio Moroder / Joe Renzetti (1978) Georges Delerue / Ralph Burns (1979) 1980s Michael Gore (1980) Vangelis (1981) John Williams / Henry Mancini and Leslie Bricusse (1982) Bill Conti / Michel Legrand, Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1983) Maurice Jarre / Prince (1984) John Barry (1985) Herbie Hancock (1986) Ryuichi Sakamoto, David Byrne and Cong Su (1987) Dave Grusin (1988) Alan Menken (1989) 1990s John Barry (1990) Alan Menken (1991) Alan Menken (1992) John Williams (1993) Hans Zimmer (1994) Luis Enríquez Bacalov / Alan Menken and Stephen Schwartz (1995) Gabriel Yared / Rachel Portman (1996) James Horner / Anne Dudley (1997) Nicola Piovani / Stephen Warbeck (1998) John Corigliano (1999) 2000s Tan Dun (2000) Howard Shore (2001) Elliot Goldenthal (2002) Howard Shore (2003) Jan A. P. Kaczmarek (2004) Gustavo Santaolalla (2005) Gustavo Santaolalla (2006) Dario Marianelli (2007) A. R. Rahman (2008) Michael Giacchino (2009) 2010s Trent Reznor and Atticus Ross (2010) Ludovic Bource (2011) Mychael Danna (2012) Steven Price (2013) Alexandre Desplat (2014) Ennio Morricone (2015) Justin Hurwitz (2016) v t e Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song 1960s "Town Without Pity" Music by Dimitri Tiomkin; Lyrics by Ned Washington (1961) "Circus World" Music by Dimitri Tiomkin; Lyrics by Ned Washington (1964) "Forget Domani" Music by Riz Ortolani; Lyrics by Norman Newell (1965) "Strangers in the Night" Music by Bert Kaempfert; Lyrics by Charles Singleton and Eddie Snyder (1966) "If Ever I Would Leave You" Music by Frederick Loewe; Lyrics by Alan Jay Lerner (1967) "The Windmills of Your Mind" Music by Michel Legrand; Lyrics by Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1968) "Jean" Music & Lyrics by Rod McKuen (1969) 1970s "Whistling Away the Dark" Music by Henry Mancini; Lyrics by Johnny Mercer (1970) "Life Is What You Make It" Music by Marvin Hamlisch; Lyrics by Johnny Mercer (1971) "Ben" Music by Walter Scharf; Lyrics by Don Black (1972) "The Way We Were" Music by Marvin Hamlisch; Lyrics by Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1973) "I Feel Love" Music by Euel Box; Lyrics by Betty Box (1974) "I'm Easy" Music & Lyrics by Keith Carradine (1975) "Evergreen" Music by Barbra Streisand; Lyrics by Paul Williams (1976) "You Light Up My Life" Music & Lyrics by Joseph Brooks (1977) "Last Dance" Music & Lyrics by Paul Jabara (1978) "The Rose" Music & Lyrics by Amanda McBroom (1979) 1980s "Fame" Music by Michael Gore; Lyrics by Dean Pitchford (1980) "Arthur's Theme (Best That You Can Do)" Music & Lyrics by Peter Allen, Burt Bacharach, Christopher Cross and Carole Bayer Sager (1981) "Up Where We Belong" Music by Jack Nitzsche and Buffy Sainte-Marie; Lyrics by Wilbur Jennings (1982) "Flashdance... What a Feeling" Music by Giorgio Moroder; Lyrics by Irene Cara and Keith Forsey (1983) "I Just Called to Say I Love You" Music & Lyrics by Stevie Wonder (1984) "Say You, Say Me" Music & Lyrics by Lionel Richie (1985) "Take My Breath Away" Music by Giorgio Moroder; Lyrics by Tom Whitlock (1986) "(I've Had) The Time of My Life" Music by John DeNicola and Donald Markowitz; Lyrics by Franke Previte (1987) "Let the River Run" Music & Lyrics by Carly Simon/"Two Hearts" Music by Lamont Dozier; Lyrics by Phil Collins (1988) "Under the Sea" Music by Alan Menken; Lyrics by Howard Ashman (1989) 1990s "Blaze of Glory" Music & Lyrics by Jon Bon Jovi (1990) "Beauty and the Beast" Music by Alan Menken; Lyrics by Howard Ashman (1991) "A Whole New World" Music by Alan Menken; Lyrics by Tim Rice (1992) "Streets of Philadelphia" Music & Lyrics by Bruce Springsteen (1993) "Can You Feel the Love Tonight" Music by Elton John; Lyrics by Tim Rice (1994) "Colors of the Wind" Music by Alan Menken; Lyrics by Stephen Schwartz (1995) "You Must Love Me" Music by Andrew Lloyd Webber; Lyrics by Tim Rice (1996) "My Heart Will Go On" Music by James Horner; Lyrics by Wilbur Jennings (1997) "The Prayer" Music & Lyrics by David Foster, Tony Renis, Carole Bayer Sager and Alberto Testa (1998) "You'll Be in My Heart" Music & Lyrics by Phil Collins (1999) 2000s "Things Have Changed" Music & Lyrics by Bob Dylan (2000) "Until..." Music & Lyrics by Sting (2001) "The Hands That Built America" Music & Lyrics by Bono, Adam Clayton, The Edge and Larry Mullen Jr. (2002) "Into the West" Music & Lyrics by Annie Lennox, Howard Shore and Frances Walsh (2003) "Old Habits Die Hard" Music & Lyrics by Mick Jagger and David A. Stewart (2004) "A Love That Will Never Grow Old" Music by Gustavo Santaolalla; Lyrics by Bernie Taupin (2005) "The Song of the Heart" Music & Lyrics by Prince Rogers Nelson (2006) "Guaranteed" Music & Lyrics by Eddie Vedder (2007) "The Wrestler" Music & Lyrics by Bruce Springsteen (2008) "The Weary Kind" Music & Lyrics by Ryan Bingham and T Bone Burnett (2009) 2010s "You Haven't Seen the Last of Me" Music & Lyrics by Diane Warren (2010) "Masterpiece" Music & Lyrics by Madonna, Julie Frost and Jimmy Harry (2011) "Skyfall" Music & Lyrics by Adele Adkins and Paul Epworth (2012) "Ordinary Love" Music & Lyrics by U2 and Danger Mouse (2013) "Glory" Music & Lyrics by Common and John Legend (2014) "Writing's on the Wall" Music & Lyrics by Sam Smith and Jimmy Napes (2015) "City of Stars" Music by Justin Hurwitz; Lyrics by Benj Pasek and Justin Paul (2016) "This Is Me" Music & Lyrics by Benj Pasek and Justin Paul (2017) v t e Golden Raspberry Awards for Worst Director Robert Greenwald (1980) Michael Cimino (1981) Ken Annakin / Terence Young (1982) Peter Sasdy (1983) John Derek (1984) Sylvester Stallone (1985) Prince (1986) Norman Mailer / Elaine May (1987) Blake Edwards / Stewart Raffill (1988) William Shatner (1989) John Derek (1990) Michael Lehmann (1991) David Seltzer (1992) Jennifer Lynch (1993) Steven Seagal (1994) Paul Verhoeven (1995) Andrew Bergman (1996) Kevin Costner (1997) Gus Van Sant (1998) Barry Sonnenfeld (1999) Roger Christian (2000) Tom Green (2001) Guy Ritchie (2002) Martin Brest (2003) Pitof (2004) John Asher (2005) M. Night Shyamalan (2006) Chris Sivertson (2007) Uwe Boll (2008) Michael Bay (2009) M. Night Shyamalan (2010) Dennis Dugan (2011) Bill Condon (2012) Elizabeth Banks, Steven Brill, Steve Carr, Rusty Cundieff, James Duffy, Griffin Dunne, Peter Farrelly, Patrik Forsberg, Will Graham, James Gunn, Bob Odenkirk, Brett Ratner, and Jonathan van Tulleken (2013) Michael Bay (2014) Josh Trank (2015) Dinesh D'Souza and Bruce Schooley (2016) v t e Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Class of 2004 Performers Jackson Browne The Dells (Verne Allison, Chuck Barksdale, Johnny Carter, Johnny Funches, Marvin Junior, Michael McGill) George Harrison Prince Bob Seger Traffic (Jim Capaldi, Dave Mason, Steve Winwood, Chris Wood) ZZ Top (Frank Beard, Billy Gibbons, Dusty Hill) Lifetime achievement Jann Wenner Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 256968961 LCCN: n84079379 ISNI: 0000 0001 2096 4892 GND: 118866060 SELIBR: 209581 SUDOC: 027754596 BNF: cb13898683x (data) ULAN: 500354776 MusicBrainz: 070d193a-845c-479f-980e-bef15710653e NDL: 00621318 ICCU: IT\ICCU\LO1V\028378 BNE: XX892031 SNAC: w60t20hk Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Prince_(musician)&oldid=826817275" Categories: 1958 births2016 deaths20th-century American male actors20th-century American singers20th-century African-American people20th-century American guitarists21st-century American guitarists21st-century American singersAccidental deaths in MinnesotaAfrican-American male actorsAfrican-American film directorsAfrican-American drummersAfrican-American guitaristsAfrican-American male singersAfrican-American singer-songwritersAfrican-American pianistsAfrican-American rock musiciansAmerican baritonesAmerican drummersAmerican film directorsAmerican funk bass guitaristsAmerican funk drummersAmerican funk guitaristsAmerican funk keyboardistsAmerican funk singersAmerican Jehovah's WitnessesAmerican male drummersAmerican guitaristsAmerican male film actorsAmerican male guitaristsAmerican male singersAmerican male singer-songwritersAmerican multi-instrumentalistsAmerican record producersAmerican rhythm and blues bass guitaristsAmerican rhythm and blues guitaristsAmerican rhythm and blues keyboardistsAmerican rhythm and blues singersAmerican rock bass guitaristsAmerican rock drummersAmerican rock guitaristsAmerican rock keyboardistsAmerican rock pianistsAmerican soul guitaristsAmerican soul keyboardistsAmerican soul singersAmerican singer-songwritersArista Records artistsBest Original Music Score Academy Award winnersBrit Award winnersColumbia Records artistsConverts to Jehovah's WitnessesDrug-related deaths in MinnesotaEMI Records artistsFilm directors from MinnesotaFunk rockGrammy Award winnersGuitarists from MinnesotaKeytaristsLead guitaristsLouisiana Creole peopleMale actors from MinneapolisMusicians from MinneapolisPaisley Park Records artistsPeople from Chanhassen, MinnesotaPeople with epilepsyPrince (musician)Record producers from MinnesotaRhythm and blues drummersRock and Roll Hall of Fame inducteesSingers from MinnesotaSongwriters from MinnesotaSoul drummersThe New Power Generation membersThe Revolution (band) membersUniversal Records artistsWarner Bros. Records artists20th-century American drummers21st-century American drummersHidden categories: Webarchive template wayback linksUse mdy dates from March 2015Use American English from January 2017All Wikipedia articles written in American EnglishArticles with hCardsAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from June 2016Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from April 2016Articles with hAudio microformatsArticles with unsourced statements from May 2016Articles with unsourced statements from April 2016Articles with unsourced statements from October 2017Pages using div col with deprecated parametersArticles with Encyclopædia Britannica linksTurner Classic Movies person ID same as WikidataFind a Grave template with ID same as WikidataUse mdy dates from March 2017Wikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiersWikipedia articles with ULAN identifiersWikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiersWikipedia articles with SBN identifiersWikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers


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Prince_(musician) - Photos and All Basic Informations

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MinneapolisPaisley Park StudiosChanhassen, MinnesotaFentanylPoisoningMayte GarciaJohn L. NelsonTyka NelsonPop MusicFunkRock MusicContemporary R&BSoul MusicMinneapolis SoundPsychedelic RockWarner Bros. RecordsPaisley Park RecordsNPG RecordsEMI RecordsColumbia RecordsArista RecordsUniversal Music GroupThe Revolution (band)Andre CymoneWendy & LisaThe New Power GenerationThe Time (band)Morris DaySheila E.Sheena EastonVanity 6Candy DulferApollonia 6MazaratiThe Family (band)94 EastMadhouse (band)MartikaAndy Allo3rdeyegirlJanelle MonáeJudith HillThe BanglesVocal RangeFunkRock MusicRhythm And BluesNew WaveSoul MusicPsychedelic MusicPop MusicList Of Best-selling Music ArtistsGrammy AwardAmerican Music AwardsGolden Globe AwardAcademy AwardPurple Rain (film)Rock And Roll Hall Of FameMinneapolisWarner Bros. RecordsFor You (Prince Album)Prince (album)Music Recording Sales CertificationDirty MindControversy (Prince Album)1999 (Prince Album)The Revolution (band)Purple Rain (album)Billboard 200Around The World In A DayParade (Prince Album)Sign O' The TimesThe New Power GenerationArista RecordsMusicology (album)Hit N Run Phase TwoTidal (service)FentanylOverdosePaisley ParkChanhassen, MinnesotaMinneapolisJohn L. NelsonAfrican AmericanLouisianaJazzA Current Affair (U.S. TV Series)EpilepsyTyka NelsonJames BrownAndré CymoneJimmy Jam And Terry Lewis94 EastWikipedia:Citation NeededWikipedia:Citation NeededWikipedia:Citation NeededWikipedia:Citation NeededSound 80Wikipedia:Citation NeededPress KitWarner Bros. RecordsA&M RecordsColumbia RecordsSausalito, CaliforniaFor You (Prince Album)Record PlantSoft And WetMusic Publisher (popular Music)Hot R&B/Hip-Hop SongsBillboard Hot 100Just As Long As We're TogetherEnlargeDez DickersonDoctor FinkBobby Z.Wikipedia:Citing SourcesPrince (album)Top R&B/Hip-Hop AlbumsBillboard 200Platinum RecordWhy You Wanna Treat Me So Bad?I Wanna Be Your LoverAmerican BandstandBroadcast Music, Inc.Dirty MindStephen Thomas ErlewineNew WaveCertified GoldUptown (song)Rick JamesSaturday Night LiveControversy (Prince Album)The Rolling StonesAmerican Society Of Composers, Authors And PublishersEmancipation (Prince Album)The Original 7venMorris Day1999 (Prince Album)1999 (song)Nuclear ProliferationLittle Red CorvetteMichael JacksonBillie JeanMTVMTVCBSWalter YetnikoffDelirious (Prince Song)International LoverGrammy Award26th Annual Grammy AwardsThe Revolution (band)Lisa Coleman (musician)BrownmarkDez Dickerson1999 TourWendy MelvoinFile:When Doves Cry Sample.oggPurple Rain (album)Signature SongGuitar SoloLinn LM-1Drum MachineLoop (music)Wikipedia:Media HelpBob CavalloMotion PicturePurple Rain (film)Purple Rain (album)Academy Award For Best Original ScoreWhen Doves CryLet's Go CrazyPurple Rain (song)500 Greatest Albums Of All Time27th Annual Grammy AwardsEnlargeParade TourTipper GoreKarenna GoreDarling NikkiParents Music Resource CenterParental AdvisoryUnsuitable For MinorsAround The World In A DayRaspberry BeretPop Life (Prince Song)Parade (Prince Album)Kiss (Prince Song)Louis FalcoMazaratiManic MondayThe BanglesUnder The Cherry MoonKristin Scott ThomasGolden Raspberry AwardHoward The Duck (film)Hit N Run – Parade TourWendy & LisaMiko WeaverAtlanta BlissEric LeedsDream Factory (album)Camille (unreleased Prince Album)AndrogynousCrystal Ball (unreleased Album)Sign O' The TimesSign O' The Times (song)If I Was Your GirlfriendSheena EastonU Got The LookI Could Never Take The Place Of Your ManPazz & JopLevi Seacer, Jr.Cat GloverSign O' The Times TourPaisley ParkSign O' The Times (film)The Black Album (Prince Album)Hip Hop MusicLovesexyAlphabet St.Lovesexy World TourEnlargeNude TourMadonna (entertainer)Like A Prayer (album)Like A Prayer (song)Keep It Together (song)Unreleased Prince ProjectsBatman (1989 Film)Tim BurtonBatman (album)BatdanceThe Arms Of OrionPartymanAnna FantasticScandalous!Nude TourRosie GainesMichael BlandTony M.Graffiti Bridge (film)Graffiti Bridge (album)Purple Rain (film)Thieves In The TempleRound And Round (Tevin Campbell Song)Tevin CampbellEnlargeSmithsonian Institution BuildingEnlargeThe New Power GenerationSonny T.Tommy BarbarellaRosie GainesMichael BlandDiamonds And PearlsGett OffCream (Prince Song)Diamonds And Pearls (song)Money Don't Matter 2 NightLove Symbol Album7 (song)My Name Is PrinceSexy MFGreatest Hits AlbumThe Hits/The B-SidesBatdanceBatman (album)A-side And B-sideNothing Compares 2 UPink CashmerePeach (song)Gender SymbolFloppy DiskThe Black Album (Prince Album)Bootleg RecordingCome (Prince Album)Wikipedia:Citation NeededThe Gold ExperienceThe Most Beautiful Girl In The World (Prince Song)Bellmark RecordsMarket SaturationChaos And DisorderEmancipation (Prince Album)NPG RecordsEMIRIAA CertificationRecording Industry Association Of AmericaCover VersionJoan OsborneOne Of Us (Joan Osborne Song)Betcha By Golly Wow!Thom BellLinda CreedI Can't Make You Love MeLa-La (Means I Love You)Thom BellCrystal Ball (album Set)Newpower SoulChaka KhanCome 2 My HouseLarry GrahamGCS2000NPG RecordsVibe (magazine)NBCToday (NBC Program)Arista RecordsRave Un2 The Joy FantasticTotal Request LiveVirgin MegastoreLarry King LiveThe Vault: Old Friends 4 SaleRave Un2 The Year 2000Lenny KravitzGeorge Clinton (musician)Warner/Chappell MusicOne Nite Alone... Live!One Nite Alone...TourNPG Music ClubUnreleased Prince ProjectsKevin Smith46th Annual Grammy AwardsBeyoncéPurple Rain (song)Let's Go CrazyBaby I'm A StarCrazy In LoveRock And Roll Hall Of FameBig BoiAndré 3000OutKastGeorge HarrisonWhile My Guitar Gently WeepsRed House (song)Power Of Soul: A Tribute To Jimi HendrixMusicology (album)Columbia RecordsSpin (magazine)FrontmanMusicology TourPollstarGrammy Award For Best Male R&B Vocal PerformanceCall My Name (Prince Song)Musicology (song)Cinnamon Girl (Prince Song)Grammy Award For Best Male Pop Vocal PerformanceRolling Stone's 100 Greatest Artists Of All TimeEn VogueStevie WonderSo What The FussUniversal Records3121 (album)Te Amo CorazónSalma HayekMarrakechMía MaestroBlack SweatMTV Video Music Awards2006 Webby AwardsWebby AwardsNPG Music ClubNature Publishing Group2006 Brit AwardsWendy & LisaSheila E.BET Awards 2006Chaka KhanUK Music Hall Of FameLas Vegas ValleyRio All Suite Hotel And CasinoWikipedia:Citation NeededUltimate PrinceHappy FeetThe Song Of The HeartHappy Feet: Music From The Motion PictureNicole KidmanHugh JackmanGolden Globe AwardEnlargeSuper Bowl XLIList Of Super Bowl Halftime ShowsEarth Tour (Prince)The O2 ArenaMaceo ParkerALMA AwardThe Mail On SundayPlanet Earth (Prince Album)Sony BMGHMVMacy'sNicollet MallTarget CenterFirst Avenue (nightclub)The Tonight Show With Jay LenoCoachella Valley Music And Arts FestivalReutersCroke ParkMCD ProductionsIndigo NightsEnlargeCoachella Valley Music And Arts FestivalKDLDMr. Shovel's Check One TwoSex PistolsSteve Jones (musician)Lotusflower (album)Bria ValenteMontreux Jazz FestivalThe New Power GenerationJohn Blackwell (musician)Grand PalaisLa CigaleMinnesota VikingsDallas CowboysKCMPEbony (magazine)BET Lifetime Achievement AwardBET Awards20TenCovermount20Ten TourAbu Dhabi Grand PrixIda Kristine NielsenEurope 1Welcome 2Grammy Hall Of FameBarbra StreisandGlee (TV Series)Kiss (Prince Song)Hop Farm FestivalBria ValenteLyric VideoLive Out Loud Tour3rdeyegirlThe Revolution (band)Bobby Z.Dave ChappelleComedy CentralChappelle's ShowHit And Run Tour (Prince Tour 2014)Lianne La HavasElectric BallroomLondon Borough Of CamdenWarner Bros. RecordsPurple Rain (album)Camden TownElectric BallroomDeath Of Freddie Gray2015 Baltimore RiotsHit N Run Phase OneTidal (service)Hit N Run Phase TwoPiano & A Microphone TourSydney Opera HouseHit N Run Phase TwoRhythm And Blues Music Hall Of Fame4Ever (Prince Album)Universal Music GroupComericaWarner Music GroupPurple Rain (album)Purple Rain (album)Purple Rain TourSyracuse, New YorkEnlargeFirst Avenue (nightclub)Family MedicineExcelsior, MinnesotaFox Theatre (Atlanta)AtlantaPiano & A Microphone TourInfluenzaQuad City International AirportMoline, IllinoisNaloxoneAgainst Medical AdviceChanhassen, MinnesotaElectric FetusRecord Store DayLizz WrightDakota Jazz ClubAddiction MedicinePain ManagementCarver County, Minnesota9-1-1BuprenorphineOpioid Use DisorderCardiopulmonary ResuscitationAnoka County, MinnesotaOpioid OverdoseFentanylSearch WarrantWalgreensCremationProbateBremer BankDNA Profiling3D PrintingPresident Of The United StatesBarack ObamaUnited States SenateMTVAMC TheatresCarmike CinemasSaturday Night LiveNielsen N.V.Billboard 20059th Annual Grammy AwardsMorris DayThe Time (band)Bruno MarsEnlargeHard Rock CafeLos Angeles TimesJon ParelesThe New York TimesDiscoSynthpopSimon ReynoldsAcid RockAllMusicRolling StoneSex SymbolAndrogynousGenderRacial StereotypesLittle RichardDavid BowieSlate (magazine)James BrownGeorge Clinton (musician)Joni MitchellDuke EllingtonJimi HendrixThe BeatlesChuck BerryDavid BowieEarth, Wind & FireMick JaggerRick JamesJerry Lee LewisLittle RichardCurtis MayfieldElvis PresleyTodd RundgrenCarlos SantanaSly StoneJackie WilsonChicago (band)Wikipedia:Citation NeededStevie WonderJazzMiles DavisJames BrownJimi HendrixMarvin GayeSly StoneLittle RichardDuke EllingtonCharlie ChaplinNik CohnFalsettoBaritoneVocal RegisterDrum MachineLinn LM-1SynthesizerManic MondayThe BanglesSusanna HoffsI Feel For YouChaka KhanNothing Compares 2 USinead O'ConnorLove... Thy Will Be DoneMartikaMartika's KitchenCeline DionThe Gold ExperienceThe Time (band)Sheena EastonKenny RogersSugar WallsManic MondayThe BanglesYouTubeEBayWeb SheriffLenz V. Universal Music Corp.Let's Go CrazyCopyright InfringementAnschutz Entertainment GroupThe O2 ArenaF.U.N.K.ITunes StoreB3ta.comDigital Millennium Copyright ActCoachella Valley Music And Arts FestivalRadioheadCreep (Radiohead Song)Electronic Frontier FoundationBootleg RecordingSocial MediaFacebook"Weird Al" YankovicEnlargePaisley ParkChanhassen, MinnesotaKim BasingerMadonna (entertainer)Vanity (performer)Sheila E.Carmen ElectraSusanna HoffsAnna FantasticSherilyn FennSusan MoonsieSusannah MelvoinMayte GarciaPfeiffer SyndromeAnimal RightsVeganVegetarianLiner NotesRave Un2 The Joy FantasticWoolJehovah's WitnessesLarry GrahamMorpheus (The Matrix)Neo (The Matrix)The MatrixKingdom HallJehovah's Witnesses And Blood TransfusionsLouisville Free Public LibraryLouisville Free Public Library, Western Colored BranchAfrican AmericansClyde StubblefieldVan JonesHackathonGreen For AllMemoirList Of Awards And Nominations Received By PrincePrince Albums DiscographyPrince Singles DiscographyThe New Power GenerationMadhouse (band)For You (Prince Album)Prince (album)Dirty MindControversy (Prince Album)1999 (Prince Album)Purple Rain (album)Around The World In A DayParade (Prince Album)Sign O' The TimesLovesexyBatman (album)Graffiti Bridge (album)Diamonds And PearlsLove Symbol AlbumCome (Prince Album)The Black Album (Prince Album)The Gold ExperienceChaos And DisorderEmancipation (Prince Album)Crystal Ball (box Set)Crystal Ball (box Set)The Vault: Old Friends 4 SaleRave Un2 The Joy FantasticThe Rainbow ChildrenOne Nite Alone...XpectationN·E·W·S (Prince Album)Musicology (album)The Chocolate InvasionThe Slaughterhouse3121Planet Earth (Prince Album)Lotusflow3r (album Set)Lotusflow3r (album Set)20TenPlectrumelectrumArt Official AgeHit N Run Phase OneHit N Run Phase Two4Ever (Prince Album)Madhouse (band)The New Power GenerationMadhouse (band)Madhouse (band)Madhouse (band)GoldniggaExodus (The New Power Generation Album)Newpower SoulCrystal Ball (box Set)Prince VideographyPurple Rain (film)Albert MagnoliUnder The Cherry MoonSign O' The Times (film)Graffiti Bridge (film)Muppets TonightNew GirlPrince (New Girl)Prince TourDirty Mind TourControversy Tour1999 TourPurple Rain TourParade TourSign O' The Times TourLovesexy TourNude TourDiamonds And Pearls TourAct I And IIInteractive TourThe Ultimate Live ExperienceThe Ultimate Live ExperienceLove 4 One Another Charities TourJam Of The Year TourNew Power Soul TourHit N Run Tour (2000)A Celebration (Prince Tour)One Nite Alone... TourWorld Tour 2003Musicology Live 2004everPer4ming Live 3121Earth Tour (Prince Revue)Prince 20TenWelcome 2Live Out Loud TourHit And Run Tour (2014)Piano & A Microphone TourBook:PrinceList Of Best-selling Music ArtistsList Of Best-selling Music Artists In The United StatesUnreleased Prince ProjectsPortal:African AmericanPortal:Pop MusicPortal:GuitarPortal:FashionPortal:MinnesotaNew York Amsterdam NewsThe New York TimesInternational Standard Serial NumberAlexis PetridisHindustan TimesOCLCThe Huffington PostPeople (magazine)The IndependentABC NewsStar TribuneEntertainment WeeklyUCLAEbony (magazine)AllMusicNew York (magazine)Spin (magazine)Academy Of Motion Picture Arts And SciencesBillboard (magazine)Time (magazine)The Wall Street JournalGolden Raspberry AwardsWayback MachineDiscogsNew York (magazine)Adam SweetingThe GuardianUSA TodayJon ParelesSeattle Post-IntelligencerThe Aquarian WeeklyContactmusic.comRolling StoneCNETThe Washington PostE!The Sydney Morning HeraldNMEAgence France-PresseThe Baltimore SunRolling StoneVariety (magazine)MinnPostWCCO-TVThe New York TimesStar TribuneNew York Daily NewsEntertainment TonightFact (UK Magazine)The Washington PostKTLAWBZ-TVReutersLos Angeles TimesJon ParelesAllMusicVibe (magazine)Paul LesterHot ChipThe New YorkerNik CohnGQFact (UK Magazine)NBC NewsThe TimesVegetarian TimesToday (U.S. TV Program)PETAThe Kansas City StarThe Wall Street JournalDigital Object IdentifierDigital Object IdentifierPubMed IdentifierDaily KosChicago Review PressInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1556525729International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780020604105International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1-84353-105-0International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0415120821Ann Arbor, MichiganUniversity Of Michigan PressInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0472032600Austin, TexasUniversity Of Texas PressInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1477309087Hal Leonard CorporationInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780879309619International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1-906002-18-3Da Capo PressInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780306806438Greenwood PublishingInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-313-34046-3International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-8230-7749-7International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780754668763Michael HeatleyPenguin BooksInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-7621-0988-3International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780517572825Continuum International Publishing GroupInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0826414045Alan LightSimon & SchusterInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1476776750Continuum International Publishing GroupInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9781441141767Greenwood PressInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1440803390International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-946719-64-0Greenwood Publishing GroupInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-275-98723-XSimon ReynoldsSerpent's TailInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1-85242-199-1St. Martin's PressInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-312-38300-8Touré (journalist)Simon & SchusterInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1476705491International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/91-631-5482-XAnn Arbor, MichiganUniversity Of Michigan PressInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-472-03147-3International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-306-80552-9International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1-55972-448-7International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1-250-12754-9International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1-409-16920-8Encyclopædia BritannicaIMDbTurner Classic MoviesFind A GraveAllMusicBillboard.comFunky 4 + 1Saturday Night LiveList Of Saturday Night Live GuestsTodd RundgrenDelbert McClintonThe StrokesFall Out BoyIggy AzaleaKendrick LamarTemplate:Prince MainTemplate Talk:Prince MainPrince DiscographyPrince Albums DiscographyPrince Singles DiscographyPrince VideographyUnreleased Prince ProjectsList Of Awards And Nominations Received By PrincePrince AssociatesPrince TourDirty Mind TourControversy Tour1999 TourPurple Rain TourParade TourSign O' The Times TourLovesexy TourNude TourDiamonds And Pearls TourAct I And IIInteractive TourThe Ultimate Live ExperienceLove 4 One Another Charities TourJam Of The Year TourNew Power Soul TourHit N Run Tour (2000)A Celebration (Prince Tour)One Nite Alone... TourWorld Tour 2003Musicology Live 2004everPer4ming Live 3121The Earth Tour: 21 Nights In LondonPrince 20TenWelcome 2Live Out Loud TourHit N Run Tour (2000)Piano & A Microphone TourPrince VideographyPurple Rain (film)Under The Cherry MoonSign O' The Times (film)Graffiti Bridge (film)Prince VideographyPrince And The Revolution: LiveDiamonds And Pearls Video CollectionThe Hits Collection (video)3 Chains O' GoldRave Un2 The Year 2000Live At The Aladdin Las VegasPrince InteractiveGlam Slam UlyssesBillboards (ballet)Paisley Park RecordsNPG RecordsThe Revolution (band)The New Power Generation3rdeyegirlThe Time (band)Vanity 6Apollonia 6The Family (band)Madhouse (band)MazaratiMayte GarciaPrince (musician)John L. NelsonTyka NelsonNPG Music ClubMinneapolis SoundPurplish RainBook:PrinceTemplate:Prince SinglesTemplate Talk:Prince SinglesPrince Singles DiscographySoft And WetJust As Long As We're TogetherI Wanna Be Your LoverWhy You Wanna Treat Me So Bad?Still Waiting (Prince Song)Sexy DancerUptown (song)Dirty Mind (Prince Song)Do It All Night (Prince Song)Controversy (song)Let's WorkDo Me, Baby1999 (song)Little Red CorvetteDelirious (Prince Song)Automatic (Prince Song)Let's Pretend We're MarriedWhen Doves CryLet's Go CrazyPurple Rain (song)I Would Die 4 UTake Me With UPaisley Park (song)Raspberry BeretPop Life (Prince Song)America (Prince Song)Kiss (Prince Song)Mountains (Prince Song)AnotherloverholenyoheadGirls & Boys (Prince Song)Sign O' The Times (song)If I Was Your GirlfriendU Got The LookI Could Never Take The Place Of Your ManAlphabet St.Glam SlamI Wish U HeavenBatdancePartymanThe Arms Of OrionScandalous!The Future (song)Thieves In The TempleNew Power Generation (song)Gett OffCream (Prince Song)Diamonds And Pearls (song)Money Don't Matter 2 NightInsatiable (Prince Song)Thunder (Prince Song)Sexy MFMy Name Is Prince7 (Prince Song)Damn UThe Morning PapersPink CashmereNothing Compares 2 UPeach (song)LetitgoSpace (Prince Song)The Most Beautiful Girl In The World (Prince Song)I Hate UGold (Prince Song)Dinner With DeloresBetcha By Golly, WowThe Holy RiverSomebody's SomebodyThe Truth (Prince Song)Extraordinary (Prince Song)The Greatest Romance Ever SoldU Make My Sun ShineAngie StoneU Make My Sun ShineSupercuteThe Work, Pt. 1Days Of WildMusicology (song)Cinnamon Girl (Prince Song)Controversy (song)S.S.T. (song)Te Amo CorazónBlack SweatFury (song)Guitar (song)F.U.N.K.Breakfast Can WaitWhen You Were Mine (Prince Song)Erotic CityNothing Compares 2 ULove SignNona GayeSomebody's SomebodyThe Rest Of My Life (Prince Song)5 WomenIt's About That WalkMan'O'War (song)Call My Name (Prince Song)The Song Of The HeartInternational LoverOne Song (Prince Song)Glass Cutter (song)Live From Paisley ParkStrange Relationship (Prince Song)Guitar (song)The Beautiful Experience1999: The New MasterI Feel For YouWhen You Were Mine (Prince Song)Private JoyHow Come U Don't Call Me Anymore?17 Days (song)The Beautiful OnesComputer BlueDarling NikkiBaby I'm A Star4 The Tears In Your EyesSometimes It Snows In AprilAdore (Prince Song)Don't Talk 2 StrangersI Can't Make You Love MeLa-La (Means I Love You)One Of Us (Joan Osborne Song)Everyday Is A Winding RoadA Case Of YouTemplate:Academy Award Best Original ScoreTemplate Talk:Academy Award Best Original ScoreAcademy Award For Best Original ScoreLouis SilversMax SteinerLeo F. 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