Contents 1 History 2 Operations 3 Cargo 4 Port Services 5 Recent developments 6 Environmental impacts 7 References 8 External links

History[edit] Construction of the Port of Sacramento was first approved by Congress under the Rivers and Harbors Act of July 24, 1946. This act approved the construction of the Sacramento Deep Water Ship Channel, a 30 feet deep, 43 mile long shipping channel from Suisun Bay to an inland harbor at Washington Lake. The project started construction 3 years later in 1949 and the port was opened to deep sea traffic in 1963.[2][3]

Operations[edit] Since July 1, 2013 the port and its operations are being leased by SSA Marine from the Port of Sacramento for a minimum of 5 years for a minimum annual payment of $650,000. This move by the port is intended to allow it to shift focus on developing its other available real estate assets, and further the growth of the port. It also transfers all liabilities and operational expenses to SSA Marine.[4]

Cargo[edit] The Port of Sacramento does not receive the high volume of ships that other California ports handle. This is mainly because the Port of Sacramento is a “Non-Container” port. The majority of all shipping worldwide is done by container ships and the fact that the Port of Sacramento is not set up to handle this type of cargo cuts it out of a large percentage of port traffic. The Port of Sacramento’s cargo is mainly of the agricultural, industrial and heavy equipment type, and the port specializes in bulk cargo. This works out well for the port because of its location in a dense agricultural region. Some of the ports’ main cargo is the exportation of local agriculture such as rice, barley, wheat, almonds and corn along with other local products such as lumber, cement, clay and metals. The Port of Sacramento is also set up to handle heavy machinery such as wind turbines, steel, generators and transformers.[5] Map of the Sacramento Deep Water Ship Channel

Port Services[edit] Deepwater channel is about 30 feet (10 meters). Channel length is 43 miles and the Port size is 1,112 acre. The Port specializes in bulk, break-bulk, agriculture, and construction cargo. The port handles large volume of bulk cargo (and no containerization shipments.) One 120 ton mobile harbor crane. For rail the Port has both Union Pacific (UP) and Burlington Northern Santa Fe (BNSF) railroads lines for North America shipping. Local rail Sierra Northern Railway. The port is serviced by Highways: Interstate 5, Interstate 80 and California State Route 99. The Port is part of the California Green Trade Corridor project, as ships move cargo much greener than trucks and trains. Green Trade Corridor Marine Highway (ports of Oakland-Stockton-West Sacramento) can improve goods movement through Northern California.[6] Future cruise ship port as a substitute for high quality Sacramento hotels during national and international Golden 1 center events such as the NBA All Star Game, Olympics, etc... California’s Green Trade Corridor Marine Highway project to Port of Sacramento

Recent developments[edit] The Port of West Sacramento is an independent special district created by the State of California, governed by a commission of four appointees by the Mayor of West Sacramento and one by the county board of supervisors. The Port is managed by the city of West Sacramento and has projects to expand the services of the port. In February 2010 in partnership with the ports of Oakland and Stockton, the Port of Sacramento has received a $30 million award from the United States Department of Transportation (D.O.T.) as part of its America's Marine Highway Program. This program is designed to increase the amount of goods transported across the U.S. on ships and therefore decrease the amount transported by trucks and rail.[6] This is thought to have many environmental and economic benefits. This funding will be used to start a movement of containers between all three of these ports. The Port of Sacramento has since used a portion of this funding in order to give it the ability to accept containers. The main thing they have done is purchased a crane that will allow the port to lift containers on and off the ships or barges. Sacramento has high hopes for its port to increase its cargo traffic and economic output with these advancements.[7] City of West Sacramento Port of Sacramento Deep Water Ship Channel map

Environmental impacts[edit] One of the main issues with the Port of Sacramento is that the Deep Water Ship Channel needs to be regularly dredged to maintain an adequate depth for oceangoing ships. This dredging process presents a number of problems, including how it impacts the water quality. One measure of quality is the salinity of the water. As the channel is deepened, more salt water from the bay enters the system to maintain sea level, which is an issue because the affected area includes drinking water intakes. These intakes require that the water be below a certain maximum salinity level that can be exceeded due to the dredging. The salinity of the water can also have negative effects on local fisheries. Dredging also disturbs rare and endangered species. One of these species is the Delta smelt which has its main spawning grounds in and around the Sacramento Deep Water Ship Channel. The dredging itself can harm the spawning habitat directly by destroying eggs placed by the fish in the dredging zone. The spawning habitat can also be disturbed by the increase in salinity, the increased traffic the dredging will allow, and the noise created while dredging. Another species affected by the dredging and the water quality is the winter run salmon. In order to maintain the water quality needed for this species' habitat, additional releases from upstream reservoirs will need to be made. These releases will negatively affect the amount of water stored in the reservoirs, which is needed for drinking water, agricultural purposes as well as providing cold water flows for the migration of the salmon. In other words, there may not be enough fresh water to make sure the salinity levels are maintained under the maximum amounts as well as serve all the other needs of the ecosystem and the people in the area. Another water quality issue is the dredging process itself agitates the underwater landscape and releases sediment into the surrounding water. Also many times the dredged material is placed on the tops of levees which is subject to erosion into the surrounding waters during rains. The dredging does allow shipping to continue through the channel, which does confer some environmental benefit by eliminating 24,585 trips by trucks along the Interstate 80 corridor.[8]

References[edit] ^ Port of Sacramento shipping in 2014 ^ U.S. Army Corp of Engineers. (2008). Sacramento and Stockton Deep Water Ship Channels Dredging. Retrieved from ^ City of West Sacramento. (2014). History of West Sacramento. Retrieved from ^ Anonymous, (May 20, 2013). SSA Signs Lease at Port of West Sacramento. Journal of Commerce. Retrieved from ^ CalTrans. (2012). Freight Planning Fact Sheet for Port of West Sacramento. Retrieved from ^ a b, California Green Trade Corridor ^ Anonymous, (Feb. 18, 2010). Port of West Sacramento Receives Stimulus Funding for New Marine Highway. Business Wire. Retrieved from ^ Environmental Protection Agency, (April 25, 2011). Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement. Retrieved from Methodology for Flow and Salinity Estimates in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta and Suisun Marsh

External links[edit] Port of Sacramento website Coordinates: 38°33′51″N 121°32′58″W / 38.564173°N 121.549473°W / 38.564173; -121.549473 v t e Ports of California Panamax ports Long Beach Los Angeles Oakland Richmond San Diego San Francisco Stockton Non-panamax ports Port of Humboldt Bay Port of Hueneme Redwood City Sacramento Canals Sacramento Deep Water Ship Channel Alternate West Coast Seaports Ensenada Colonet (planned) Lázaro Cárdenas Portland Seattle Tacoma Port Metro Vancouver Port of Prince Rupert West Coast LNG Terminals Costa Azul LNG Category Economy Communications v t e City of Sacramento Topics History (Timeline) Notable people Sports Skyscrapers Government City Council Mayors Police Department Fire Department Public schools Port Neighborhoods Ben Ali Boulevard Park Colonial Heights Curtis Park Del Paso Heights Downtown Sacramento East Sacramento Elmhurst Gardenland Land Park Lavender Heights Meadowview Midtown Natomas New Era Park North Sacramento Oak Park Old Sacramento Pocket-Greenhaven Robla Southeast Village Southside Park Swanston Estates Tahoe Park Upper Land Park Valley View Acres v t e Municipalities and communities of Yolo County, California, United States County seat: Woodland Cities Davis West Sacramento Winters Woodland CDPs Clarksburg Dunnigan Esparto Guinda Knights Landing Madison Monument Hills University of California, Davis Yolo Unincorporated communities Arcade Arroz Beatrice Brooks Browns Corner Cadenasso Capay Central Citrona Conaway Coniston Daisie Dufour El Macero El Rio Villa Fremont Green Greendale Hershey‡ Jacobs Corner Kiesel King Farms Lovdal Lund Merritt Mikon Morgans Landing Norton Peethill Plainfield Riverview Rumsey Saxon Sorroca Sugarfield Swingle Tancred Tyndall Landing Valdez Vin Webster Willow Point Zamora Ghost towns Britona Buckeye Charleston Cottonwood Curtis Eastham Elvaton Fourness Fremont Landing French Camp Garlic Hebron Howard Knights Landing Junction Kobe Laugenour Leeman Liwaito Marty Mullen Oat Valley Paramount Peart Plumtree Ronda Rose Garden Wycoff Footnotes ‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties Retrieved from "" Categories: Ports and harbors of CaliforniaRiver ports of the United StatesSacramento RiverWest Sacramento, CaliforniaTransportation buildings and structures in Yolo County, CaliforniaEconomy of Sacramento, CaliforniaInfrastructure completed in 19631963 establishments in CaliforniaPorts and harbors in the San Francisco Bay AreaHidden categories: Coordinates on Wikidata

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