Contents 1 History 2 Publication 2.1 Print 2.2 Movies and pay-per-view 2.3 Video games and comics 2.4 Internet 3 Economics 4 Legality 4.1 Pornography as prostitution 4.2 Origin of term 4.3 Child pornography 5 Anti-pornography movement 6 Notes 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links

History[edit] Although pornography dates back thousands of years, its existence in the U.S. can be traced to its 18th century origins and the influx of foreign trade and immigrants. By the end of the 18th century, France had become the leading country regarding the spread of porn pictures.[2] Porn had become the subject of playing-cards, posters, post cards, and cabinet cards. Prior to this printers were previously limited to engravings, woodcuts, and line cuts for illustrations.[3] As trade increased and more people immigrated from countries with less Puritanical and more relaxed attitudes toward human sexuality, the amount of available visual pornography increased. In 1880, halftone printing was used to reproduce photographs inexpensively for the first time.[4] The invention of halftone printing took pornography and erotica in new directions at the beginning of the 20th century. The new printing processes allowed photographic images to be reproduced easily in black and white. The first porn daguerreotype appeared in 1855 and with the advent of "moving pictures" by the Lumière brothers the first porn film was made soon after the public exhibition of their creation. Pornographic film production commenced almost immediately after the invention of the motion picture in 1895. Two of the earliest pioneers were Eugène Pirou and Albert Kirchner. Kirchner directed the earliest surviving pornographic film for Pirou under the trade name "Léar". The 1896 film, Le Coucher de la Marie showed Louise Willy performing a striptease. Pirou's film inspired a genre of risqué French films showing women disrobing and other filmmakers realised profits could be made from such films.[5][6] In the United States, one of the Thomas Edison's first efforts using his methods and equipment for making moving pictures was of a nude woman getting up from her bath tub and running away.[7] In the 20th century, the era of "blue movies" began with the silent films of the 1920s and continued throughout the post-war era as film technology improved and equipment costs were reduced to a consumer affordable level. Particularly with the introduction of the 8mm and super-8 film gauges, popular for the home movie market. Until the advent of electronic and digital video technology, the mass production of pornographic films was tied directly to the mainstream film industry.[8] Beginning in 1969 with Blue Movie by Andy Warhol, the subsequent Golden Age of Porn and more permissive legislation, a rise of adult theaters in the United States, and many other countries, developed. There was also a proliferation of coin-operated "movie booths" in sex shops that displayed pornographic "loops" (so called because they projected a movie from film arranged in a continuous loop).[8] By 1982, pornographic film production had switched to the cheaper and more convenient medium of video tape. Many film directors were hesitant to switch because of the different image quality that video tape produced. Those who did make the change benefited from greater profits since consumers preferred the new format. This change moved the films out of the theaters and into people's private homes. This was the end of the age of big budget productions and the beginning of the mainstreaming of pornography. It soon went back to its earthy roots and expanded to cover every fetish possible since video production was inexpensive. Instead of hundreds of pornographic films being made each year, thousands of videos were including compilations of just the sex scenes from various titles.[9][10] In the late 1990s, pornographic films were distributed on DVD. These offered better quality picture and sound than the previous video format and allowed innovations such as "interactive" videos that let users choose such variables as multiple camera angles, multiple endings and computer-only DVD content. The introduction and widespread availability of the Internet further changed the way pornography was distributed. Previously videos would be rented or purchased through mail-order, but with the Internet people could watch pornographic movies on their computers, and instead of waiting weeks for an order to arrive, a movie could be downloaded within minutes (or, later, within a few seconds). As of the 2000s, there were hundreds of adult film companies, releasing tens of thousands of productions, recorded directly on video, with minimal sets. Of late, web-cams and web-cam recordings are again expanding the market. Thousands of pornographic actors work in front of the camera to satisfy pornography consumers' demand. By the 2010s, the fortunes of the pornography industry had changed. With reliably profitable DVD sales being largely supplanted by streaming media delivery over the Internet, competition from pirate, amateur, and low-cost professional content on the Internet had made the industry substantially less profitable, leading to it shrinking in size.[11][12]

Publication[edit] Print[edit] American adult magazines which have the widest distribution do not violate the Miller test and can be legally distributed. Adult magazines have been largely put into mainstream by the pioneer Playboy. However, during the so-called Pubic Wars in the 1960s and 1970s Penthouse established itself as a more explicit magazine. Screw magazine moved the bar toward hardcore when it first came out in 1968 and with Hustler appearing in 1974 the move to hardcore was complete. By the mid-'90s magazines like Playboy had become noncompetitive and even hardcore publications like Penthouse and Hustler struggled. According to Laura Kipnis, a cultural theorist and critic, "the Hustler body is an unromanticized body—no vaselined lens or soft focus: this is neither the airbrushed top-heavy fantasy body of Playboy, nor the ersatz opulence, the lingeried and sensitive crotch shots of Penthouse, transforming female genitals into objets d'art. It's a body, not a surface or a suntan: insistently material, defiantly vulgar, corporeal".[13] Many adult magazines in the United States are now highlighted by special features and are usually sold wrapped to avoid their look-see by the under-age persons. A primarily softcore Barely Legal focuses on models between 18 and 23 years. Hustler's Leg World is focused on the female legs and feet. Perfect 10 publishes the images of women, untouched by plastic surgery or airbrushing. Pornographic bookstores have been subject to U.S. zoning laws.[14] Movies and pay-per-view[edit] See also: History of erotic depictions, Nudity in American television, and Cable Indecency Decision Much of the pornography produced in the United States is in the form of movies and the branch acutely competes with the internet. The market is very diverse and ranges from the mainstream heterosexual content to the rarefied S/M, BDSM, interracial sex, ethnic, etc. through enduringly popular gay porn. Early American stag films included Wonders of the Unseen World (1927), An Author's True Story (1933), Goodyear (1950s), Smart Alec (1951), and Playmates (1956–58). Breakthrough films, such as 1969's Blue Movie by Andy Warhol, 1972's Deep Throat, 1973's The Devil in Miss Jones and 1976's The Opening of Misty Beethoven by Radley Metzger, launched the so-called "porno chic" phenomenon in the United States and enabled the commercialization of the adult film industry. In this period America's most notorious pornographer was Reuben Sturman. According to the U.S. Department of Justice, throughout the 1970s, Sturman controlled most of the pornography circulating in the country. The country now houses over 40 adult movies studios featuring heterosexual scenes,[15] more than any other country. The branch, according to founder and president of Adult Video News Paul Fishbein, involves the manufacturers of adult products, distributors, suppliers, retail store owners, wholesalers, distributors, cable TV buyers, and foreign buyers. The production is concentrated in San Fernando Valley (mainly in Chatsworth, Reseda and Van Nuys) and Las Vegas, where more than 200 adult entertainment companies gather to network and show off their latest wares.[16] The world's largest adult movies studio, Vivid Entertainment, generates an estimated $100 million a year in revenue, distributing 60 films annually[17] and selling them in video stores, hotel rooms, on cable systems, and on the internet. Vivid's two largest regional competitors are Wicked Pictures and Digital Playground. Colorado-based New Frontier Media, a leading distributor of adult movies (at NASDAQ since November 2000), is one of the two adult video companies traded publicly, the other one being Spanish Private Media Group. The industry's decision to embrace VHS in the early 1980s, for example, helped to do away with Sony Betamax, despite the latter format's superior quality. Video rentals soared from just under 80 million in 1985 to half-billion by 1993.[18] Suffering at the hands of video warez tended not be publicly stressed by country's film industry.[19] In 1999 there were 711 million rentals of hardcore films.[20] 11,300 hardcore films were released in 2002. In the recent years, according to Fishbein, there are well over 800 million rentals of adult videotapes and DVDs in video stores across the country. Digital Playground said it is choosing the Blu-ray Disc for all of its "interactive" films because of its greater capacity.[21] The female demographic is considered to be the biggest catalyst for pornographic cultural crossover.[22] According to Adella O'Neal, a Digital Playground publicist, in 2000 roughly 9% of the company's consumers were women while four years later that figure has bloomed to 53%. American adult pay-per-view television is presently unregulated since it is not technically "broadcasting" as defined in the Federal Communications Act. Cable and satellite television networks host about six main adult-related channels. Most of them (particularly Playboy TV, Penthouse TV, and Hustler TV (there is also a "Hustler Video", a line of raunchy films created by Larry Flynt)) are maintained by three mainstream porn magazines. In 1999 Playboy Enterprises sold to Vivid Entertainment a small channel which was renamed to Hot Network. Since that Vivid launched two more channels—the Hot Zone and Vivid TV. The viewers paid close to $400 million a year to tune into Vivid's hardcore content and the company soon overtook Playboy as operator of the world's largest adult-TV network. However, after passing the 2000 United States v. Playboy Entertainment Group case Playboy bought all three networks from Vivid in 2001 and folded them into "Playboy's Spice" brand. Operators then shunned "Playboy's Spice Platinum", a new group of channels with graphic hardcore fare.[23] Some subsidiaries of major corporations are the largest pornography sellers, like News Corporation's DirecTV. Comcast, the nation's largest cable company, once pulled in $50 million from adult programming. Revenues of companies such as Playboy and Hustler were small by comparison.[24] Video games and comics[edit] Microsoft has long declined to license development software to game makers whose titles include sexual content. Wal-Mart, America's largest distributor of video games, maintains the policy of selling no games with an AO rating.[25] However, in recent years the pornographic content in video games has been promoted particularly by Playboy. Playboy: The Mansion became the first game built around the "Playboy" license.[26] A downloadable mod—"Hot Coffee" for the game Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas) brought attention to the need to discuss the challenges faced in creating games with pornographic content. Meanwhile, Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas was pulled from shelves by Rockstar Games after it became public knowledge that, with the use of a Gameshark cheating device, the scene could be unlocked portraying the protagonist having sex with another character, although in the scene both characters have their clothes on. The game was later sold without the unlockable scene.[27] PlayStation 2 video game God of War features an event in the first part of the game where protagonist Kratos can have sex with two topless prostitutes, who reside in a bedroom on his boat. Although no sexual acts are depicted (they occur off-screen and are indicated by sound effects), the women are shown topless. The player interacts by performing button and joystick commands that appear on screen which results in an experience reward for the player.[28] The adult sections of American comic book stores frequently carry a large number of translations of Japanese hardcore comics, as well as an increasing number of home imitations.[29] One of the anime porn movies, which started the American adult video market, was Urotsukidoji. The adult anime market exists primarily through direct sales: mail-order to customers, and wholesale to specialty shops which cater to anime and to comic-book fans.[30] The legal framework in both countries regarding the regulation of obscene and pornographic material is overall rather similar.[31] Internet[edit] This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (September 2017) The Internet maintains a significant part of American adult entertainment, also because the 1997 Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union case specified that the term "indecent" has no specific legal meaning in the context of the internet. More recent federal efforts, such as the CAN-SPAM Act of 2003 expressly addressed the internet.[32] On May 1, 2000 American Express announced it would no longer cover transactions from adult sites.[33][34] According to the Committee to Study Tools and Strategies for Protecting Kids from Pornography and Their Applicability to Other Inappropriate Internet Content, there are over 100,000 subscription sites with adult content in the United States, with each site having multiple web pages. On average, a paid subscription generates $20 to $40 per month in revenue, however, an in-depth analysis is complicated. If a visitor site connects to a pay site and signs up for content, it receives a conversion fee from the larger site. A successful large operation is often an umbrella company serving many markets with pay sites. Around this core and its affiliates is a system of ad-supported service sites.[35] The so-called portable porn market is in its initial stage in the U.S.[36] In 2000 the owners and operators of and scores of other adult sites were charged by the U.S. Federal Trade Commission with illegally billing thousands of consumers for services that were advertised as free, and for billing other consumers who never visited the web sites at all.[37] Nevadan Voice Media Incorporated, which ran several adult sites, was also charged by the Commission. Sites often suffer from unauthorized, non-paying surfers who use stolen passwords, which can use month's worth of bandwidth in a day, costing the site operator hundreds or thousands of dollars' worth of additional bandwidth fees, all for traffic that returns no money at all.[38] The 2002 Paragon Electric Co., Inc. v. Buy This Domain case ruled that linking domain names to pornographic sites is not per se conclusive of bad-faith registration and use, although it does raise that presumption.[39] A common occurrence was the use of domain names similar to known ones, such as (unrelated to, which for some period featured explicit content.[40] The use of expired domains is also common, along with typosquatting, which relies on mistakes such as typos made by Internet users when inputting a website address into a web browser.[41]

Economics[edit] In 1975 the total retail value of all the hardcore pornography in the U.S. was estimated at $5–10 million.[42] The 1979 Revision of the Federal Criminal Code stated that "in Los Angeles alone, the pornography business does $100 million a year in gross retail volume" while "the average pornography magazine sells for between $6 and $10 each". According to the 1986 Attorney General's Commission on Pornography, American adult entertainment industry has grown considerably over the past thirty years by continually changing and expanding to appeal to new markets, though the production is considered to be low-profile and clandestine.[43] The total income of modern country's adult entertainment is often rated at $10–13 billion, of which $4–6 billion are legal. The figure is often credited to a study by Forrester Research and was lowered in 1998.[44] In 2007 The Observer newspaper also gave a figure of $13 billion.[45] Other sources, quoted by Forbes (Adams Media Research, Veronis Suhler Communications Industry Report, and IVD), even taking into consideration all possible means (video networks and pay-per-view movies on cable and satellite, web sites, in-room hotel movies, phone sex, sex toys, and magazines) mention the $2.6–3.9 billion figure (without the cellphone component). USA Today claimed in 2003 that websites such as Danni's Hard Drive and generated $2 billion in revenue in that year, which was allegedly about 10% of the overall domestic porn market at the time.[46] The adult movies income (from sale and rent) was once estimated by AVN Publications at $4.3 billion but how this figure was determined is unclear. According to the 2001 Forbes data the annual income distribution is like this: Adult video $500 million to $1.8 billion Internet $1 billion Magazines $1 billion Pay-per-view $128 million Cellphones $30 million[47] The Online Journalism Review, published by the Annenberg School of Communication at the University of Southern California, weighed in with an analysis that favored Forbes' number. The financial extent of adult films, distributed in hotels, is hard to estimate—hotels keep statistics to themselves or do not keep them at all.[48] A CBS News investigation in November 2003 claimed that 50% of guests at the Hilton, Marriott, Hyatt, Sheraton, and Holiday Inn hotel chains purchased adult movies, contributing to 70% of in-room profits. The income of cellphone porn is low, when compared with other countries. The absence of V-chip-style parental controls largely has kept American consumers from using cellphones to access explicit content. Porn star Ron Jeremy licensed his name to "RJ Mobile", which offers adult content in Britain and the Netherlands.[47]

Legality[edit] Chief Justice Warren E. Burger led the majority of the case opinions in Miller v. California. Further information: United States pornography censorship, U.S. Government Commissions on pornography See also: Legal status of Internet pornography and Public interest The lawful definition of pornography in the U.S. evolved through decades, from the 1960s. In this period, recognizing ambiguities, the term "sexually explicit content" gained use as one of the pornography's euphemisms,[49] but later it was determined that a distinction between pornographic and sexually explicit content is completely artificial.[50][e] In Miller v. California the Supreme Court used the definition of pornography made by Webster's Third New International Dictionary of 1969 ("a depiction (as in a writing or painting) of licentiousness or lewdness: a portrayal of erotic behavior designed to cause sexual excitement").[51] Black's Law Dictionary followed the Miller test and defined pornography as material that taken as a whole the average person, applying contemporary community standards, would find appealing to the prurient interest. Heinle's Newbury House Dictionary of American English (2003) defined pornography as "obscene writings, pictures, or films intended to arouse sexual desire". The Antipornography Civil Rights Ordinance defined pornography as the "graphic sexually explicit subordination of women, whether in pictures or in words". The ordinance was ruled unconstitutional by the Federal Appeals Court in American Booksellers v. Hudnut in Indianapolis (1985). Courts in California and New York have clearly rejected the argument that the making of pornography is prostitution.[52] (See California v. Freeman (1988) and People v. Paulino (2005).) The Oregon Supreme Court went even further in State v. Henry (1987) by abolishing the legal definition of obscenity in that state, ruling it violated freedom of speech as defined in the state constitution. Pornography is a legal term at the federal level, except the generic terms "hardcore pornography"[a] and "child pornography",[53][b] do not exist after the 1973 Miller v. California case.[54][55][c] The United States Supreme Court in Miller v. California[56] discussed pornography (which it referred to as "sexually explicit material") in terms of obscenity, which it held did not enjoy First Constitutional Amendment protection, and recognized that individual communities had different values and opinions on obscenity. The Court's definition of obscenity has come to be called the Miller test.[57][58] Since then several States have passed laws in terms of that test.[59][d] Relying on the 1930 Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act and under the terms "obscene" and "immoral", the U.S. Customs and Border Protection prohibits the importation of any pornographic material (19 U.S.C. § 1305a "Immoral articles; importation prohibited").[60] Pornography as prostitution[edit] Attempts were made in the United States in the 1970s to close down the pornography industry by prosecuting those in the industry on prostitution charges. The prosecution started in the courts in California in the case of People v. Freeman. The California Supreme Court acquitted Freeman and distinguished between someone who takes part in a sexual relationship for money (prostitution) versus someone whose role is merely portraying a sexual relationship on-screen as part of their acting performance. The State did not appeal to the United States Supreme Court making the decision binding in California, where most pornographic films are made today.[8] Origin of term[edit] The term "pornography" first appears in an 1857 British medical dictionary, which defined it as "a description of prostitutes or of prostitution, as a matter of public hygiene",[61] therefore pornography by itself was not a widely used term in nineteenth-century America[62] and the term did not appear in any version of American Dictionary of the English Language in its early editions. The dictionary introduced the entry in 1864, defining it primarily as a "treatment of, or a treatise on, the subject of prostitutes or prostitution". Early charges used the term "obscenity" as well as after Miller v. California, though the term "pornography" remained as a reference entry: Source Definition Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of Law "Material that depicts erotic behavior and is intended to cause sexual excitement" The People's Law Dictionary "Pictures and/or writings of sexual activity intended solely to excite lascivious feelings of a particularly blatant and aberrational kind, such as acts involving children, animals, orgies, and all types of sexual intercourse" West's Encyclopedia of American Law "The representation in books, magazines, photographs, films, and other media of scenes of sexual behavior that are erotic or lewd and are designed to arouse sexual interest"; "the depiction of sexual behavior that is intended to arouse sexual excitement in its audience" The upcoming censorship of pornographic materials in the United States became based on the First, and partially Ninth[63] and Fourteenth amendments to the U.S. Constitution. It also includes the so-called harm principle, as well as in Canada and the United Kingdom.[64] The absolutist interpretation of the First Amendment as applied to pornography has never been sustained by the Supreme Court.[65] In the Investigation of Literature Allegedly Containing Objectionable Material, issued by the U.S. Congress Select Committee on Current Pornographic Materials in 1953, it was noted that "perhaps the greatest impediments to the prompt and effective enforcement of existing laws intended to control pornographic materials are the difficulties of establishing a precise interpretation of the word". During the Warren Court (1953–1969), the first notable court to face the cases of such kind, justices Potter Stewart, Byron White, and Arthur Goldberg shared the opinion that only hardcore pornography was not protected by the First and Fourteenth Amendments.[66] This position was contested notably by U.S. Solicitor General James Lee Rankin (in office 1956–1961),[67] but in Jacobellis v. Ohio Stewart concluded that criminal obscenity laws are constitutionally limited under the First and Fourteenth Amendments to hardcore pornography.[68] Concurring in the 1957 Roth v. United States Justice John Marshall Harlan II wrote that "even assuming that pornography cannot be deemed ever to cause, in an immediate sense, criminal sexual conduct, other interests within the proper cognizance of the States may be protected by the prohibition placed on such materials." The 1967 Public Law 90-100 found the traffic in pornography to be "a matter of national concern", as well as in obscenity.[69] In this period the Court considered pornography to have two major dimensions. The first can be defined as dealing with sexual representations that are offensive to public morality or taste, which concerned the Court notably in the 1966 Ginzburg v. United States case. The second centers on the effect of pornography on specific individuals or classes, which is the focus of most public discussions and prior Court pornography decisions. This dimension was mentioned only twice in the array of decisions made in 1966. A frustration was expressed notably by Justice Hugo Black in the 1966 Mishkin v. New York: "I wish once more to express my objections to saddling this Court with the irksome and inevitably unpopular and unwholesome task of finally deciding by a case-by-case, sight-by-sight personal judgment of the members of this Court what pornography (whatever that means) is too hard core for people to see or read."[70] In the 1974 Hamling v. United States decision the Supreme Court said that just because pornographic materials are for sale and purchased around the country, "Mere availability of similar materials by itself means nothing more than that other persons are engaged in similar activities."[71] The 1976 American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language defined that pornography consists of "written, graphic, or other forms of communication intended to excite lascivious feelings". Since determining what is pornography and what is "soft core" and "hard core" are subjective questions to judges, juries, and law enforcement officials, it is difficult to define, since the law cases cannot print examples for the courts to follow.[72] The Rehnquist Court further enhanced the power of community controls on pornography.[73] Current Chief Justice John Roberts told at the confirmation hearing on his nomination: "Well, Senator, it's my understanding under the Supreme Court's doctrine that pornographic expression is not protected to the same extent at least as political and core speech, and the difficulty that the Court has addressed in these different areas of course is always defining what is or is not pornography and what is entitled to protection under the First Amendment and what is not".[74] The famous Indianapolis definition of pornography by Dworkin and MacKinnon paralleled their Minneapolis ordinance. The first was rejected by the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit for several reasons. The ordinance did not use any of the accepted terms that the Supreme Court had developed over time for determining when material is obscene, including "prurient interest", "offensiveness", or "local community standards".[75] Another concern was the way the women were depicted in the work. If women were referred to in the approved fashion stressing equality, the activity involved would be regardless of how sexually explicit it was.[75] The Court also indicated that if women were referred to in a disapproving way depicting them as subversive or as enjoying humiliation, the activity would be unlawful regardless of the "literary, artistic or political qualities of the work taken as a whole".[75] Judge Frank Easterbrook said: "We accept the premises of this legislation. Depictions of subordination tend to perpetuate subordination. The subordinate status of women in turn leads to affront and lower pay at work, insult and injury at home, battery and rape on the streets.... Yet this simply demonstrates the power of pornography as speech."[76] Conceptions of Democracy in American Constitutional Argument: The Case of Pornography Regulation by Frank Michelman, issued by Tennessee Law Review (vol. 56, no. 291, 1989) partially consented that "pornography is political expression in that it promulgates a certain view of women's natures and thus of women's appropriate relations and treatment in society", but also concluded that the Indianopolis ordinance was precisely designed to suppress that particular view by censoring pornography. Minneapolis ordinance was struck down on the grounds that it was ambiguous and vague, however, despite of its failure the proposal influenced other communities across the United States.[75] In May 2005 U.S. Attorney General Alberto Gonzales established an Obscenity Prosecution Task Force.[77] The task force, according to a Department of Justice news release on May 5, was "dedicated to the investigation and prosecution of the distributors of hard-core pornography that meets the test for obscenity, as defined by the United States Supreme Court." Under President Bush's and Gonzales' rationales the FBI Adult Obscenity Squad[78] was recruited in August 2005 to gather evidence against "manufacturers and purveyors" of adult pornography.[79] Child pornography[edit] Main articles: Child pornography and Legal status of cartoon pornography depicting minors § United States The 1970 Lockhart Commission recommended eliminating all criminal penalties for pornography except for pornographic depictions of minors, or sale of pornography to minors.[80] However, prior to 1977, only two states had laws which prohibited the use of children in the production or distribution of pornographic materials or performances.[81] In 1977, the Department of Justice strongly endorsed legislation which banned the production and dissemination of child pornography.[82] These efforts have been unsuccessfully challenged in the 1982 New York v. Ferber case ("The States are entitled to greater leeway in the regulation of pornographic depictions of children...").[83] Although the states have a different age of consent, in accordance with the Federal Labeling and Record-Keeping Law all models featured in pornographic content should be at least 18 years of age. This kind of material is often labeled as "adult" and the appropriate disclaimers are common. They are based on what "depicts or describes, in terms patently offensive as measured by contemporary community standards, sexual or excretory activities or organs".[84] It is a federal crime to possess, distribute, or produce non-fictional child pornography and carries large fines and prison sentences of up to 40 years upon conviction and requirement to register as a sex offender.[85]

Anti-pornography movement[edit] Main article: Anti-pornography movement in the United States An anti-pornography movement has existed in the United States since before the 1969 Supreme Court decision of Stanley v. Georgia, which held that people could view whatever they wished in the privacy of their own homes, by establishing an implied "right to privacy" in U.S. law.[86] This led President Lyndon B. Johnson, with the backing of Congress, to appoint a commission to study pornography.[87] The anti-pornography movement seeks to maintain or restore restrictions and to increase or create restrictions on the production, sale or dissemination of pornography. Jesuit priest Father Morton A. Hill (1917-1985) was a leader of the campaign against pornography in the United States in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s. He was one of the founders of Morality in Media, which was created in 1962 to fight pornography. Morality in Media was launched by an interfaith group of clergy and Hill was president until his death in 1985. Morality in Media continues with Patrick A. Trueman, a registered federal lobbyist,[88][89] as president.[90] So prominent was Hill on the issue, that in 1969 President Lyndon B. Johnson appointed him to the President's Commission on Obscenity and Pornography. Father Hill and another clergyman on the Commission, Dr. Winfrey C. Link, believed that the Commission was stacked with supporters of loosening laws on pornography, and issued the Hill-Link Minority Report rebutting the conclusions of the majority report, which held that pornography should be decriminalized as there were no links between it and criminal behavior. The majority report was widely criticized and rejected by Congress.[87] The Senate rejected the Commission's findings and recommendations by a 60–5 vote, with 34 abstentions.[91] President Nixon, who had succeeded Johnson in 1969, also emphatically rejected the majority report.[92] The Hill-Link Minority Report, on the other hand, which recommended maintaining anti-obscenity statutes, was read into the record of both the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It was cited by the Burger Court in its 1973 obscenity decisions, including Miller v. California.[93]

Notes[edit] a ^ In the 1969 Stanley v. Georgia case (later followed by the 1971 United States v. Reidel), the Supreme Court ruled that private possession of pornography (except child pornography as determined in 1990 by a 6 to 3 decision[80][94]) in the home was not a crime, nor was it subject to government regulation. Technically why people have a constitutional right to watch hardcore pornography privately has never been explained,[95] but in the 1973 Paris Adult Theatre I v. Slaton Chief Justice Burger wrote: "We categorically disapprove the theory, apparently adopted by the trial judge, that obscene, pornographic films acquire constitutional immunity from state regulation simply because they are exhibited for consenting adults only. This holding was properly rejected by the Georgia Supreme Court."[96] Miller v. California held 5–4 that the state may outlaw the showing of hardcore pornographic films, even if the "adult theatre" is clearly labeled and warns. b. ^ Sex tourism involving persons under 18 outside the U.S. is also illegal.[97] c. ^ The term "dial-a-porn" was used at the federal level e.g. by the Telecommunications Act of 1996,[98] but it was partially voided by federal courts over subsequent years.[99] Another term usage includes the 1996 Denver Area Educational Telecommunications Consortium v. Federal Communications Commission certiorari to the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.[100] d ^ The transportation of pornography in interstate commerce was banned in the 1973 case of United States v. Orito. The Supreme Court upheld zoning restrictions that either quarantine or disperse pornography merchants, leaving it to local officials to determine whether local interests are best served by restricting all porn merchants to a single district. Though the Court has also upheld zoning that prohibits pornographic entertainment within a certain distance of a school, the legitimate primary purpose excludes the preventing of access by minors which can be achieved much more directly by simple restrictions.[101] On May 13, 2002, writing for the majority in Ashcroft v. American Civil Liberties Union, Justice Clarence Thomas stated that using community standards to identify material that could be harmful to minors does not make the law overly broad and therefore unconstitutional under the First Amendment.[102] e ^ Utah uses the legal term "pornography" for the same illegal sexually explicit material.[103] f ^ See also the 1977 Splawn v. California and 1978 Pinkus v. United States.

References[edit] ^ 535 U.S. 234 (2002) Retrieved July 23, 2017. ^ Gousseva, Translated by Maria. "History of pornography: scandalous beginning and habitual reality". Pravda. Retrieved 20 January 2014.  ^ St. John, Kristen; Linda Zimmerman (June 1997). "Guided Tour of Print Processes: Black and White Reproduction". Stanford library. Retrieved 2006-08-24.  ^ Cross, J.M., PhD (2001-02-04). "Nineteenth-Century Photography: A Timeline". the Victorian Web. The University Scholars Programme, National University of Singapore. Retrieved 2006-08-23.  ^ Bottomore, Stephen (1996). Stephen Herbert; Luke McKernan, eds. "Léar (Albert Kirchner)". Who's Who of Victorian Cinema. British Film Institute. Retrieved 2006-10-15.  ^ Bottomore, Stephen (1996). Stephen Herbert; Luke McKernan, eds. "Eugène Pirou". Who's Who of Victorian Cinema. British Film Institute. Retrieved 2006-10-15.  ^ Conot, Robert (1979). Thomas A. Edison : a streak of luck. New York, N.Y.: Da Capo Press. ISBN 9780306802614.  ^ a b c Porn in the U.S.A. ^ Chris Rodley, Dev Varma, Kate Williams III (Directors) Marilyn Milgrom, Grant Romer, Rolf Borowczak, Bob Guccione, Dean Kuipers (Cast) (7 March 2006). Pornography: The Secret History of Civilization (DVD). Port Washington, NY: Koch Vision. ISBN 1-4172-2885-7. Archived from the original on August 22, 2010. Retrieved 21 October 2006.  ^ Corliss, Richard (March 29, 2005). "That Old Feeling: When Porno Was Chic". Time Magazine. Time inc. Archived from the original on May 24, 2012. Retrieved October 16, 2006.  ^ Louis Theroux (5 June 2012). "How the internet killed porn". The Guardian.  ^ David Rosen (May 27, 2013). "Is Success Killing the Porn Industry?". AlterNet.  ^ Per Photography: A Critical Introduction, ed. by Liz Wells. Routledge, 2000, p. 230. ISBN 0-415-19058-4 ^ Susan Easton. The Problem of Pornography: Regulation and the Right to Free Speech. 1994, ISBN 0-415-09182-9. ^ List of pornographic film studios ^ Font size Print E-mail Share By Rebecca Leung (2004-09-05). "Porn In The U.S.A". Retrieved 2010-01-24.  ^ Brett Pulley, 03.07.05, 6:00 AM ET. "The Porn King". Archived from the original on March 9, 2005. Retrieved 2010-01-24. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ Keegan, Paul (2003-06-01). "Prime-Time Porn Borrowing tactics from the old Hollywood studios". Retrieved 2010-01-24.  ^ Peter Drahos, John Braithwaite. Information Feudalism: Who Owns the Knowledge Economy? 2002. ISBN 1-85383-917-5 ^ The New York Times, October 2000. ^ Mearian, Lucas. "Porn industry may be decider in Blu-ray, HD-DVD battle". Archived from the original on July 12, 2006. Retrieved 2010-01-24.  ^ Andi Zeisler, "Porn Plague: Has porn's proliferation desensitized us to its power?", San Francisco Chronicle, July 25, 2004. ^ Andrea Figler, "Playboy's New Porn Channels Are Too Spicy For Some" Archived December 25, 2006, at the Wayback Machine., Cable World, May 21, 2001. ^ "New York Times, October 23, 2000 Wall Street Meets Pornography by Timothy Egan". Archived from the original on January 7, 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-24.  ^ "Video games get raunchy", ^ "Video game gals take it off for Playboy", ^ "". Retrieved 2010-01-24.  ^ Gaudiosi, John (October 7, 2011). "The 10 Most Important Sex Scenes in Recent Video Games". Alpha Media Group. Archived from the original on November 20, 2012. Retrieved July 18, 2012.  ^ Porn Studies, ed. by Linda Williams, 2004. ISBN 0-8223-3312-0. ^ Fred Patten, "The Anime 'Porn' Market", Animation World Magazine, Issue 3.4, July 1998. ^ US and Japan pornography regulation traditions and trends by Dan Kanemitsu (2002/3 revision) Archived December 18, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. ^ William A. (EDT) Finkelstein, James R. (EDT) Sims, Intellectual Property Handbook. 2005, ISBN 1-59031-585-5 ^ ZDNet News AMEX just says 'no' to porn sites by Margaret Kane ^ Craig Bicknell (2000-05-26). "Wired News: Amex Nixes X-Rated Exchanges". Retrieved 2010-01-24.  ^ "Edward Cone. The Naked Truth". Retrieved 2010-01-24.  ^ Mike Musgrove, "Mini-Porn Could Be Mega-Business", Washington Post, November 15, 2005, p. D01. Retrieved 29 June 2008. ^ " US authorities take action against porn sites for illegal billing". 2000-08-25. Retrieved 2010-01-24.  ^ Lewis Perdue. EroticaBiz: How Sex Shaped the Internet. 2002. ISBN 0-595-25612-0 ^ Arbitration and Mediation Center. "WIPO Case No. D2001-1439". Retrieved 2010-01-24.  ^ Hossein Bidgoli. The Internet Encyclopedia, 2004. ISBN 0-471-22201-1 ^ Kathleen Fearn-Banks. Crisis Communications: A Casebook Approach, 2001. ISBN 0-8058-3604-7 ^ Martin Amis (2001-03-17). "A rough trade". London: Retrieved 2009-04-10.  ^ Louis Fisher. American Constitutional Law. 1995, ISBN 0-07-021223-6 ^ Dan Ackman, "How Big Is Porn?",, 25 May 2001. Retrieved 29 June 2008. ^ Edward Helmore, "Home porn gives industry the blues",, 16 December 2007. Retrieved 04 March 2009. ^ Jon Swartz, "Online porn often leads high-tech way",, 9 March 2004. Retrieved 29 June 2008. ^ a b Gary Strauss, "Cellphone technology rings in pornography in USA",, 12 December 2005. Retrieved 29 June 2008. ^ Matt Bradley, "Groups protest porn on hotel TVs",, 6 September 2006. Retrieved 29 June 2008. ^ Youth, Pornography and the Internet, National Academy Press, 2002. ISBN 0-309-08274-9 ^ United States. Congress. House. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Crime. Child Protection and Obscenity Enforcement Act of 1988. 1989 ^ "Definitions of Pornography, Obscenity, and Indecency". Archived from the original on September 28, 2007. Retrieved 2010-01-24.  ^ Mark Fass, "Judge Sees No Link Between Prostitution, Paying for Sex to Make Films", New York Law Journal, August 2, 2005. ^ Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of Law. 1996, ISBN 0-87779-604-1. ^ Mary Minow, "I Know It When I See It: Constitutional, Federal and State Legal Definitions of Child Pornography, Obscenity and 'Harmful to Minors' of Interest to California Libraries" Archived August 19, 2015, at the Wayback Machine., October 1, 2002. Retrieved 29 June 2008. ^ Ray C. Rist. The Pornography Controversy: Changing Moral Standards in American Life. 1973, ISBN 0-87855-587-0. ^ Miller v. California (413 U.S. 15), ^ Legal definition of obscenity/pornography by James S. Tyre Archived July 1, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Legal Issues, NetSafekids, National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 29 June 2008. ^ United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Nomination of Robert H. Bork to be Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. 1989. ^ Edward G. Hinkelman, Myron Manley, James L. Nolan, Karla C. Shippey, Wendy Bidwell, Alexandra Woznick. Importers Manual USA, 2005. ISBN 1-885073-93-3. ^ Walter Kendrick. The Secret Museum: Pornography in Modern Culture. 1997. ISBN 0-520-20729-7 ^ " Pornography's Past: Sexual Publishing". Archived from the original on September 13, 2006. Retrieved 2010-01-24.  ^ Paul R. Abramson, Steven D. Pinkerton, Mark Huppin. Sexual Rights in America: The Ninth Amendment and the Pursuit of Happiness. 2003, ISBN 0-8147-0692-4 ^ General arguments for and against the censorship of pornography Archived September 24, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. ^ William A. Donohue. The Politics of the American Civil Liberties Union, 1985. ISBN 0-87855-983-3 ^ Michal R. Belknap. The Supreme Court Under Earl Warren, 1953–1969. 2005, ISBN 1-57003-563-6 ^ Linda Williams. Hard Core: Power, Pleasure, and the "Frenzy of the Visible". 1999, ISBN 0-520-21943-0 ^ "Jacobellis v. Ohio, 378 U.S. 184 (1964)". Archived from the original on July 7, 2009. Retrieved 2010-01-24.  ^ United States. Commission on Obscenity and Pornography. Report. 1970 ^ "Adult Entertainment in Speech". 2009-07-28. Archived from the original on October 16, 2004. Retrieved 2010-01-24.  ^ "Myths about Pornography and Obscenity Law". Archived from the original on September 28, 2007. Retrieved 2010-01-24.  ^ The People's Law Dictionary ^ Robert Singh. Contemporary American Politics and Society: Issues and Controversies. 2003, ISBN 0-7619-4096-0 ^ United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Confirmation Hearing on the Nomination of John G. Roberts, Jr. to be Chief Justice of the United States. 2005, ISBN 0-16-075256-6 ^ a b c d Moral Controversies In American Politics: Cases in Social Regulatory Policy, ed. by Raymond Tatlovich and Byron W. Daynes. 2004, ISBN 0-7656-1420-0 ^ "American Booksellers Association v. Hudnut (7th Cir. 1985)". Retrieved 2010-01-24.  ^ "U.S. Attorney's Porn Fight Gets Bad Reviews by Julie Kay, Daily Business Review August 30, 2005". Retrieved 2010-01-24.  ^ Press Release – Department of Justice Archived September 25, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Recruits Sought for Porn Squad by Barton Gellman". 2005-09-20. Retrieved 2010-01-24.  ^ a b Doug Linder. "The First Amendment and Obscenity and Public Nudity". Retrieved 2010-01-24.  ^ United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Juvenile Justice. Federal Assistance to States to Prevent the Abuse of Children in Child Care Facilities. 1985 ^ United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Juvenile Justice. Computer Pornograph [i.e. Pornography] and Child Exploitation Prevention Act. 1986 ^ New York v. Ferber, 458 U.S. 747, 749, 102 S. Ct. 3348, 3350, 73 L. Ed. 2d 1113, 1117, 1982 U.S. LEXIS 12, 2, 50 U.S.L.W. 5077, 8 Media L. Rep. 1809 (U.S. 1982). ^ 47 U.S.C.A. §223(d) ^ 18 U.S.C.S. §2251 and 18 U.S.C.S. §2252A ^ STANLEY v. GEORGIA, 394 U.S. 557 (1969) ^ a b Lee Rainwater, Social problems and public policy: deviance and liberty, Aldine Transaction, 1974, p.143 ISBN 0-202-30263-6 ^ "Yahoo slammed over porn sites—IT News from". Retrieved 2012-03-05.  ^ "U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Public Disclosure > client list index > client list T". 2011-10-13. Archived from the original on 2011-08-06. Retrieved 2012-03-05.  ^ "Meet the Staff" at MIM site Archived January 17, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Raymond Tatalovich, Byron W. Daynes, Moral controversies in American politics: cases in social regulatory policy. 2nd edition, M.E. Sharpe, 1998 ISBN 1-56324-994-4 ^ Statement About the Report of the Commission on Obscenity and Pornography, October 24, 1970 ^ [1] Archived January 25, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Proliferation of Child Pornography on the Internet. 1997, ISBN 0-16-055747-X ^ Jethro Koller Lieberman, A Practical Companion to the Constitution, 1999, ISBN 0-520-21280-0 ^ Stephen L. Newman. Constitutional Politics in Canada and the United States. 2004, ISBN 0-7914-5937-3 ^ 18 U.S.C. 2423B ^ Robert E. Emeritz. Telecommunications Act of 1996, section 228 (h). ISBN 0-937275-07-7 ^ Robert Singh. American Government and Politics. 2003, ISBN 0-7619-4094-4 ^ "Denver Area Educational Telecommunications Consortium, Inc., et al. v. Federal Communications Commission et al". Retrieved 2010-01-24.  ^ The Place of Law, ed. by Austin Sarat, Lawrence Douglas, Martha Merrill Umphrey. 2003, ISBN 0-472-11350-X ^ "Supreme Court Upholds Portions of Net Pornography Law posted by Raul Ruiz". Archived from the original on June 18, 2003. Retrieved 2010-01-24.  ^ "Protecting Utah From Porn",, Office of the Utah Attorney General, archived from the original on January 16, 2014 

Further reading[edit] Flamm, Matthew (June 2, 2002). "A Demimonde in Twilight". The New York Times. Retrieved February 21, 2017.  On the decline of pornographic magazines and writers in the United States. Obscenity and Pornography Decisions of the United States Supreme Court, ed. by Maureen Harrison and Steve Gilbert. 2000, ISBN 1-880780-23-2. Hawkins, Gordon, Zimring, Franklin E. Pornography in a Free Society. Social Science, 1991. ISBN 0-521-36317-9. Mackey, Thomas C. Pornography on Trial. 2002, ISBN 1-57607-275-4. Petkovich, Anthony. The X Factory: Inside the American Hardcore Film Industry. 2002, ISBN 1-900486-24-5. Sarracino, Carmine, and Kevin M. Scott, The Porning of America: The Rise of Porn Culture, What It Means, and Where We Go from Here, Beacon Press, 2009, ISBN 978-0-8070-6154-1.

External links[edit] United States portal Pornography portal Pornography: Encyclopedia of Everyday Law Attorney General's Commission on Pornography Final Report, July 1986, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington D.C. Might Pornography Cause Harm? by Anne W. Eaton, The University of Chicago White House Protection From Pornography Week, 2003 American Porn. Report by Frontline (PBS TV series) (first aired in 2002, updated in 2004), watchable online. Deep Inside : A study of 10,000 Porn Stars and Their Careers (2013) v t e Pornography Pornography portal Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote Wiktionary Pornography Types Amateur pornography Cartoon pornography Hentai Tijuana bible Child pornography Erotica Simulated Feminist pornography Hardcore pornography Internet pornography Mobile porn Revenge porn Sexting Softcore pornography Genres Alt porn Bisexual pornography Bondage pornography Imagery of nude celebrities Celebrity sex tape Clothed female, naked male Clothed male, naked female Convent pornography Ethnic pornography Gang bang pornography Gay pornography Gonzo pornography Incest pornography Lesbianism in erotica Mormon pornography Queer pornography Rape pornography Reality pornography Tentacle erotica Transsexual pornography Women's pornography Related History of erotic depictions Pornographic film actor Organizations Adult Film Association of America Critics Adult Film Association Fans of X-Rated Entertainment Free Speech Coalition X-Rated Critics Organization Opposition to pornography Movements Anti-pornography movement in the United Kingdom Anti-pornography movement in the United States Antipornography Civil Rights Ordinance Organizations Churchmen's Committee for Decent Publications Feminists Fighting Pornography Fight the New Drug The Marriage Vow No More Page 3 Stop Bild Sexism Stop Child Trafficking Now Stop Porn Culture Women Against Pornography Women Against Violence in Pornography and Media Pornography overuse Support groups NoFap The "S-fellowships" See also Content-control software Accountability software Parental controls Employee monitoring software Views Feminist views on pornography Religious views on pornography Media Pornographic film Parody Cartoon pornography Pornographic magazine List Pornographic video game Eroge Newspaper features Page 3 in The Sun (United Kingdom) By region Asia Bangladesh India Japan History Middle East North Korea Pakistan Philippines Turkey Europe Denmark Hungary Italy United Kingdom Americas Canada United States Possible effects Internet sex addiction Pornography addiction Pornophobia STDs in the porn industry Other effects Laws General Adult film industry regulations Legal objections to pornography in the United States Legal status of Internet pornography Legislation and cases Legislation United Kingdom Audiovisual Media Services Regulations 2014 British Board of Film Classification Committee on Obscenity and Film Censorship Obscene Publications Act 1959 Possession of Extreme Pornographic Images Video Recordings Act 2010 United States Antipornography Civil Rights Ordinance Child Online Protection Act Child Protection and Obscenity Enforcement Act Custodian of Records Child Protection Restoration and Penalties Enhancement Act of 1990 Communications Decency Act Pornography Victims Compensation Act Europe (excluding UK) Bulgaria Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Latvia Malta Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Russia Spain Sweden Ukraine Asia China India Indonesia Hong Kong Kazakhstan Japan Malaysia Maldives Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates Americas Brazil Canada Chile Colombia Jamaica Mexico African Nigeria South Africa Oceania Australia New Zealand Cases American Booksellers v. Hudnut California v. Freeman Jacobellis v. Ohio Miller v. California R v Butler R v Glad Day Bookshops Inc R v Peacock Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union Renton v. Playtime Theatres, Inc. Stanley v. Georgia United States v. Extreme Associates United States v. Playboy Entertainment Group Other Meese Report President's Commission on Obscenity and Pornography Child pornography laws By country Australia Canada India Japan Netherlands Philippines Portugal United Kingdom United States Child Pornography Prevention Act of 1996 New York v. Ferber Osborne v. Ohio PROTECT Act of 2003 United States v. Williams Other COPINE scale Debate regarding child pornography laws Dost test Legal status of drawn pornography depicting minors Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography United States v. X-Citement Video, Inc. People Actors Actresses by decade African-American Asian AVN Hall of Fame members British Gay male List of pornographic actors who appeared in mainstream films List of mainstream actors who have appeared in pornographic films Directors By genre Bisexual Gay Lesbian Transsexual By country American British Canadian Czech French German Hungarian Italian Japanese Romanian Spanish Swedish Awards Adult Broadcasting Awards AVN Award Hall of Fame GayVN Awards AV Open Sexual Freedom Awards Fans of Adult Media and Entertainment Award Feminist Porn Award Grabby Awards Hot d'Or Japanese Adult Video Awards (1991–2008) PorYes SHAFTA Awards Transgender Erotica Awards UK Adult Film and Television Awards Urban X Award Venus Award XBIZ Award XRCO Award Hall of Fame members Events Adultcon AVN Adult Entertainment Expo Barcelona International Erotic Film Festival Brussels International Festival of Eroticism Exotic Erotic Ball Exxxotica HUMP Porn Sunday Miscellaneous Adult movie theater Adult video arcade Blue Movie Golden Age of Porn Panda pornography "Porno chic" Pornographication Pornotopia R18 certificate Rule 34 Sex shop Sexualization X rating See also Erotica Art Comics Film Literature Photography Ribaldry Pornography related articles v t e Sexual revolution Main topics Free love Summer of Love Milestones Abortion law Divorce law by country Freedom of speech Freedom of the press Golden Age of Porn "Porno chic" Pornography Pornography in the United States Swinging The Pill (1965) United States v. One Book Called Ulysses Slogans "Make love, not war" "The personal is political" Events Kinsey Reports Masters and Johnson Institute Playboy Protests of 1968 Stonewall riots People Gerard Damiano Hugh Hefner Virginia Johnson Alfred Kinsey William Masters Wilhelm Reich Related topics Counterculture of the 1960s Feminist views of pornography Hippie LGBT LGBT culture in New York City Lust Peace movement v t e United States articles History By event Timeline of U.S. history Pre-Columbian era Colonial era Thirteen Colonies military history Continental Congress American Revolution War American frontier America's Critical Period Drafting and ratification of Constitution Federalist Era War of 1812 Territorial acquisitions Territorial evolution Mexican–American War Civil War Reconstruction Era Indian Wars Gilded Age Progressive Era African-American civil rights movement 1865–1896 / 1896–1954 / 1954–1968 Spanish–American War Imperialism World War I Roaring Twenties Great Depression World War II home front Nazism in the United States American Century Cold War Korean War Space Race Feminist Movement Vietnam War Post-Cold War (1991–2008) War on Terror War in Afghanistan Iraq War Recent events (2008–present) By topic Outline of U.S. history Demographic Discoveries Economic debt ceiling Inventions before 1890 1890–1945 1946–91 after 1991 Military Postal Technological and industrial Geography Territory counties federal district federal enclaves Indian reservations insular zones minor outlying islands populated places states Earthquakes Extreme points Islands Mountains peaks ranges Appalachian Rocky National Park Service National Parks Regions East Coast West Coast Great Plains Gulf Mid-Atlantic Midwestern New England Pacific Central Eastern Northern Northeastern Northwestern Southern Southeastern Southwestern Western Rivers Colorado Columbia Mississippi Missouri Ohio Rio Grande Yukon Time Water supply and sanitation Politics Federal Executive Cabinet Civil service Executive departments Executive Office Independent agencies Law enforcement President of the United States Public policy Legislative House of Representatives current members Speaker Senate current members President pro tempore Vice President Judicial Courts of appeals District courts Supreme Court Law Bill of Rights civil liberties Code of Federal Regulations Constitution federalism preemption separation of powers Federal Reporter United States Code United States Reports Intelligence Central Intelligence Agency Defense Intelligence Agency Federal Bureau of Investigation National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency National Reconnaissance Office National Security Agency Office of the Director of National Intelligence Uniformed Armed Forces Army Marine Corps Navy Air Force Coast Guard National Guard NOAA Corps Public Health Service Corps 51st state political status of Puerto Rico District of Columbia statehood movement Elections Electoral College Foreign relations Foreign policy Hawaiian sovereignty movement Ideologies anti-Americanism exceptionalism nationalism Local government Parties Democratic Republican Third parties Red states and blue states Purple America Scandals State government governor state legislature state court Uncle Sam Economy By sector Agriculture Banking Communications Energy Insurance Manufacturing Mining Tourism Trade Transportation Companies by state Currency Exports Federal budget Federal Reserve System Financial position Labor unions Public debt Social welfare programs Taxation Unemployment Wall Street Society Culture Americana Architecture Cinema Cuisine Dance Demography Education Family structure Fashion Flag Folklore Languages American English Indigenous languages ASL Black American Sign Language HSL Plains Sign Talk Arabic Chinese French German Italian Russian Spanish Literature Media Journalism Internet Newspapers Radio Television Music Names People Philosophy Public holidays Religion Sexuality Sports Theater Visual art Social class Affluence American Dream Educational attainment Homelessness Home-ownership Household income Income inequality Middle class Personal income Poverty Professional and working class conflict Standard of living Wealth Issues Ages of consent Capital punishment Crime incarceration Criticism of government Discrimination affirmative action antisemitism intersex rights islamophobia LGBT rights racism same-sex marriage Drug policy Energy policy Environmental movement Gun politics Health care abortion health insurance hunger obesity smoking Human rights Immigration illegal International rankings National security Mass surveillance Terrorism Separation of church and state Outline Index Book Category Portal Retrieved from "" Categories: American pornographyDiscrimination in the United StatesState law in the United StatesObscenity controversiesFreedom of speech in the United StatesHidden categories: CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors listWebarchive template wayback linksUse American English from July 2015All Wikipedia articles written in American EnglishUse mdy dates from July 2015Wikipedia articles in need of updating from September 2017All Wikipedia articles in need of updating

Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version Languages Add links This page was last edited on 8 January 2018, at 00:58. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.852","walltime":"1.004","ppvisitednodes":{"value":11958,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":449950,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":60524,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":16,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":24,"limit":500},"entityaccesscount":{"value":0,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 765.813 1 -total"," 55.56% 425.512 1 Template:Reflist"," 21.64% 165.740 34 Template:ISBN"," 21.44% 164.195 21 Template:Navbox"," 16.77% 128.450 25 Template:Cite_web"," 8.51% 65.172 1 Template:United_States_topics"," 8.16% 62.511 1 Template:Country_topics"," 7.89% 60.432 34 Template:Catalog_lookup_link"," 6.99% 53.499 1 Template:Pornography"," 6.01% 46.023 9 Template:Cite_news"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.304","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":5171515,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1273","timestamp":"20180223223153","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":85,"wgHostname":"mw1269"});});

Pornography_in_the_United_States - Photos and All Basic Informations

Pornography_in_the_United_States More Links

EnlargeBlue MovieAndy WarholGolden Age Of PornVideotapeInternetCensorship In The United StatesProstitutionPornographyFirst Amendment To The United States ConstitutionUnited States ConstitutionFreedom Of SpeechMiller TestMiller V. CaliforniaAshcroft V. Free Speech CoalitionFrancePlaying-cardsCabinet CardWoodcutPuritanicalHuman SexualityHalftoneDaguerreotypeLumière BrothersPornographic FilmEugène PirouAlbert KirchnerStripteaseThomas EdisonPornographic FilmPost-war8 Mm FilmSuper 8 Mm FilmBlue MovieAndy WarholGolden Age Of PornAdult TheaterUnited StatesSex ShopVideotapeDVDInternetStreaming MediaInternetPlayboyPubic WarsPenthouse (magazine)Screw MagazineHustlerLaura KipnisVaselineAirbrushFemale GenitalsSoftcore PornographyBarely Legal (magazine)Perfect 10Plastic SurgeryZoning LawsHistory Of Erotic DepictionsNudity In American TelevisionHeterosexualSadomasochismBDSMInterracial PornographyGay PornStag FilmSmart Alec (1951 Film)Blue MovieAndy WarholDeep Throat (film)The Devil In Miss JonesThe Opening Of Misty BeethovenRadley MetzgerPorno ChicReuben SturmanU.S. Department Of JusticeSan Fernando ValleyChatsworth, Los Angeles, CaliforniaReseda, Los Angeles, CaliforniaLas Vegas, NevadaVivid EntertainmentWicked PicturesDigital PlaygroundColoradoNASDAQPrivate Media GroupVHSSony BetamaxWarezDigital Versatile DiscFederal Communications ActList Of United States Cable And Satellite Television NetworksPlayboy TVPenthouse TVHustler TV (US)Larry FlyntUnited States V. Playboy Entertainment GroupSubsidiaryNews CorporationDirecTVComcastMicrosoftWal-MartAdult Video GamesPlayboy: The MansionMod (computer Gaming)Hot Coffee ModGrand Theft Auto: San AndreasRockstar GamesGamesharkPlayStation 2God Of War (video Game)Kratos (God Of War)ProstitutionComic BookAnimeUrotsukidojiReno V. American Civil Liberties UnionCAN-SPAM Act Of 2003American ExpressU.S. Federal Trade CommissionBandwidth (computing)Whitehouse.govTyposquattingHardcore PornographyLos AngelesForrester ResearchThe ObserverForbesWeb SiteAVN (magazine)USC Annenberg School For CommunicationUniversity Of Southern CaliforniaCBS NewsHilton HotelsMarriott InternationalHyattSheraton Hotels And ResortsHoliday InnMobile PornV-chipRon JeremyUnited KingdomNetherlandsEnlargeChief Justice Of The United StatesWarren E. BurgerCensorship In The United StatesAnti-pornography MovementLegal Status Of Internet PornographyPublic InterestSexually ExplicitEuphemismWebster's Third New International DictionaryEroticBlack's Law DictionaryAmerican EnglishAntipornography Civil Rights OrdinanceAmerican Booksellers V. HudnutIndianapolisCaliforniaNew York (state)Prostitution In The United StatesCalifornia V. FreemanOregon Supreme CourtState V. HenryFederal Government Of The United StatesHardcore PornographyDost FactorsMiller V. CaliforniaSupreme Court Of The United StatesObscenityFirst Amendment To The United States ConstitutionMiller TestU.S. StateSmoot-Hawley Tariff ActU.S. Customs And Border ProtectionTitle 19 Of The United States CodeProstitutionPeople V. FreemanUnited States Supreme CourtMedical DictionaryAmerican Dictionary Of The English LanguageMerriam-Webster's DictionaryFirst Amendment To The United States ConstitutionNinth Amendment To The United States ConstitutionFourteenth Amendment To The United States ConstitutionUnited States ConstitutionHarm PrincipleCanadaUnited KingdomMoral AbsolutismU.S. CongressByron WhiteArthur GoldbergUnited States Solicitor GeneralJames Lee RankinRoth V. United StatesJohn Marshall Harlan IIAct Of CongressGinzburg V. United StatesHugo BlackAmerican Heritage Dictionary Of The English LanguageRehnquist CourtJohn G. RobertsAntipornography Civil Rights OrdinanceUnited States Court Of Appeals For The Seventh CircuitFrank EasterbrookRapeFrank MichelmanU.S. Attorney GeneralAlberto GonzalesU.S. Department Of JusticeGeorge W. BushFBIChild PornographyLegal Status Of Cartoon Pornography Depicting MinorsNew York V. FerberAge Of ConsentFederal Labeling And Record-Keeping LawAnti-pornography Movement In The United StatesAnti-pornography MovementSupreme Court Of The United StatesStanley V. GeorgiaRight To PrivacyLaw Of The United StatesLyndon B. JohnsonCongress Of The United StatesPornographyJesuitMorton A. HillMorality In MediaLyndon B. JohnsonPresident's Commission On Obscenity And PornographyUnited States SenateUnited States SenateUnited States House Of RepresentativesBurger CourtMiller V. CaliforniaStanley V. GeorgiaUnited States V. ReidelParis Adult Theatre I V. SlatonWarren BurgerSex TourismDial-a-pornTelecommunications Act Of 1996CertiorariUnited States Court Of Appeals For The District Of Columbia CircuitAshcroft V. American Civil Liberties UnionClarence ThomasUtahInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780306802614International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1-4172-2885-7International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-415-19058-4International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-415-09182-9List Of Pornographic Film StudiosCategory:CS1 Maint: Multiple Names: Authors ListInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1-85383-917-5The New York TimesSan Francisco ChronicleWayback MachineMaxim (magazine)International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-8223-3312-0Wayback MachineInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1-59031-585-5Washington PostInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-595-25612-0International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-471-22201-1International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-8058-3604-7Martin Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-07-021223-6International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-309-08274-9New York Law JournalInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-87779-604-1Wayback MachineInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-87855-587-0Wayback MachineInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1-885073-93-3International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-520-20729-7Paul R. AbramsonInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-8147-0692-4Wayback MachineWilliam A. DonohueInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-87855-983-3International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1-57003-563-6International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-520-21943-0International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-7619-4096-0International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-16-075256-6International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-7656-1420-0Wayback MachineInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-202-30263-6Wayback MachineInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1-56324-994-4Wayback MachineInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-16-055747-XInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-520-21280-0International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-7914-5937-3International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-937275-07-7International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-7619-4094-4International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-472-11350-XUtah Attorney GeneralThe New York TimesInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1-880780-23-2International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-521-36317-9International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1-57607-275-4International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1-900486-24-5International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-8070-6154-1Portal:United StatesPortal:PornographyFrontline (PBS TV Series)Template:PornographyTemplate Talk:PornographyPornographyPortal:PornographyCategory:PornographyAmateur PornographyCartoon PornographyHentaiTijuana BibleChild PornographyChild EroticaSimulated Child PornographyFeminist PornographyHardcore PornographyInternet PornographyMobile PornRevenge PornSextingSoftcore PornographyList Of Pornographic SubgenresAlt PornBisexual PornographyBondage PornographyImagery Of Nude CelebritiesCelebrity Sex TapeClothed Female, Naked MaleClothed Male, Naked FemaleConvent PornographyEthnic PornographyGang Bang PornographyGay PornographyGonzo PornographyIncest PornographyLesbianism In EroticaMormon PornographyQueer PornographyRape PornographyReality PornographyTentacle EroticaTranssexual PornographyWomen's PornographyHistory Of Erotic DepictionsPornographic Film ActorAdult Film Association Of AmericaCritics Adult Film AssociationFans Of X-Rated EntertainmentFree Speech CoalitionX-Rated Critics OrganizationOpposition To PornographyAnti-pornography Movement In The United KingdomAnti-pornography Movement In The United StatesAntipornography Civil Rights OrdinanceChurchmen's Committee For Decent PublicationsFeminists Fighting PornographyFight The New DrugThe Marriage VowNo More Page 3Stop Bild SexismStop Child Trafficking NowStop Porn CultureWomen Against PornographyWomen Against Violence In Pornography And MediaXXXchurch.comNoFapTemplate:The Three Biggest S-fellowshipsContent-control SoftwareAccountability SoftwareParental ControlsEmployee Monitoring SoftwareFeminist Views On PornographyReligious Views On PornographyPornographic FilmPornographic Parody FilmCartoon PornographyPornographic MagazineList Of Pornographic MagazinesSex And Nudity In Video GamesErogePage 3The Sun (United Kingdom)Pornography By RegionPornography In AsiaPornography In BangladeshPornography In IndiaPornography In JapanChronology Of Adult Videos In JapanPornography In The Middle EastPornography In North KoreaPornography In PakistanPornography And Erotica In The PhilippinesPornography In TurkeyPornography In EuropePornography In DenmarkPornography In HungaryPornography In ItalyPornography In The United KingdomPornography In The AmericasPornography In CanadaInternet Sex AddictionPornography AddictionPornophobiaSTDs In The Porn IndustryEffects Of PornographyCategory:Pornography LawPornographyAdult Film Industry RegulationsLegal Objections To Pornography In The United StatesLegal Status Of Internet PornographyAudiovisual Media Services Regulations 2014British Board Of Film ClassificationCommittee On Obscenity And Film CensorshipObscene Publications Act 1959Section 63 Of The Criminal Justice And Immigration Act 2008Video Recordings Act 2010Antipornography Civil Rights OrdinanceChild Online Protection ActChild Protection And Obscenity Enforcement ActCustodian Of RecordsChild Protection Restoration And Penalties Enhancement Act Of 1990Communications Decency ActPornography Victims Compensation ActMotion Picture Content Rating SystemMotion Picture Content Rating SystemMotion Picture Content Rating SystemMotion Picture Content Rating SystemPornography By RegionPornography By RegionMotion Picture Content Rating SystemPornography By RegionPornography By RegionIrish Film Classification OfficePornography By RegionMotion Picture Content Rating SystemMotion Picture Content Rating SystemNetherlands Institute For The Classification Of Audiovisual MediaNorwegian Media AuthorityMotion Picture Content Rating SystemMotion Picture Content Rating SystemPornography By RegionMotion Picture Content Rating SystemMotion Picture Content Rating SystemPornography By RegionState Administration Of Press, Publication, Radio, Film And TelevisionCentral Board Of Film CertificationBill Against Pornography And PornoactionHong Kong Motion Picture Rating SystemMotion Picture Content Rating SystemEirinFilm Censorship Board Of MalaysiaMotion Picture Content Rating SystemMovie And Television Review And Classification BoardMinistry Of Communications And InformationKorea Media Rating BoardGovernment Information Office2007 Constitution Of ThailandPornography In TurkeyMotion Picture Content Rating SystemBrazilian Advisory Rating SystemObscenityMotion Picture Content Rating SystemMotion Picture Content Rating SystemMotion Picture Content Rating SystemMotion Picture Content Rating SystemMotion Picture Content Rating SystemFilms And Publications Act, 1996Australian Classification BoardOffice Of Film And Literature Classification (New Zealand)American Booksellers Ass'n, Inc. V. HudnutPeople V. FreemanJacobellis V. OhioMiller V. CaliforniaR V ButlerR V Glad Day Bookshops IncR V PeacockReno V. American Civil Liberties UnionRenton V. Playtime Theatres, Inc.Stanley V. GeorgiaUnited States V. Extreme Associates, Inc.United States V. Playboy Entertainment Group, Inc.Meese ReportPresident's Commission On Obscenity And PornographyLegality Of Child PornographyChild Pornography Laws In AustraliaChild Pornography Laws In CanadaInformation Technology Act, 2000Child Pornography Laws In JapanChild Pornography Laws In The NetherlandsChild Pornography In The PhilippinesChild Pornography Laws In PortugalChild Pornography Laws In The United KingdomChild Pornography Laws In The United StatesChild Pornography Prevention Act Of 1996New York V. FerberOsborne V. OhioPROTECT Act Of 2003United States V. Williams (2008)COPINE ScaleLegality Of Child PornographyDost TestLegal Status Of Drawn Pornography Depicting MinorsOptional Protocol On The Sale Of Children, Child Prostitution And Child PornographyOptional Protocol On The Sale Of Children, Child Prostitution And Child PornographyUnited States V. X-Citement Video, Inc.Lists Of Pornographic ActorsList Of Pornographic Actresses By DecadeList Of African-American Pornographic ActorsList Of Asian Pornographic ActorsList Of Members Of The AVN Hall Of FameList Of British Pornographic ActorsList Of Male Performers In Gay Porn FilmsList Of Pornographic Actors Who Appeared In Mainstream FilmsList Of Mainstream Actors Who Have Appeared In Pornographic FilmsCategory:Pornographic Film DirectorsCategory:Directors Of Bisexual Pornographic FilmsCategory:Directors Of Gay Pornographic FilmsCategory:Directors Of Lesbian Pornographic FilmsCategory:Directors Of Transsexual Pornographic FilmsCategory:Pornographic Film Directors By NationalityCategory:American Pornographic Film DirectorsCategory:British Pornographic Film DirectorsCategory:Canadian Pornographic Film DirectorsCategory:Czech Pornographic Film DirectorsCategory:French Pornographic Film DirectorsCategory:German Pornographic Film DirectorsCategory:Hungarian Pornographic Film DirectorsCategory:Italian Pornographic Film DirectorsCategory:Japanese Pornographic Film DirectorsCategory:Romanian Pornographic Film DirectorsCategory:Spanish Pornographic Film DirectorsCategory:Swedish Pornographic Film DirectorsAdult Broadcasting AwardsAVN AwardList Of Members Of The AVN Hall Of FameGayVN AwardsAV OpenSexual Freedom AwardsFans Of Adult Media And Entertainment AwardFeminist Porn AwardGrabby AwardsHot D'OrList Of Japanese Adult Video Awards (1991–2008)PorYesSHAFTA Awards (adult Video)Transgender Erotica AwardsUK Adult Film And Television AwardsUrban X AwardVenus AwardXBIZ AwardXRCO AwardList Of Members Of The XRCO Hall Of FameAdultconAVN Adult Entertainment ExpoBarcelona International Erotic Film FestivalBrussels International Festival Of EroticismExotic Erotic BallExxxoticaHUMP! (film Festival)Porn SundayAdult Movie TheaterAdult Video ArcadeBlue MovieGolden Age Of PornPanda PornographyGolden Age Of PornPornographicationPornotopiaR18 (British Board Of Film Classification)Rule 34 (Internet Meme)Sex ShopSexualizationX RatingEroticaErotic ArtErotic ComicsSex In FilmErotic LiteratureErotic PhotographyRibaldryCategory:PornographyTemplate:Sexual RevolutionTemplate Talk:Sexual RevolutionSexual RevolutionFree LoveSummer Of LoveAbortion LawDivorce Law By CountryFreedom Of SpeechFreedom Of The PressGolden Age Of PornGolden Age Of PornPornographySwinging (sexual Practice)Combined Oral Contraceptive PillUnited States V. One Book Called UlyssesMake Love, Not WarThe Personal Is PoliticalKinsey ReportsMasters And Johnson InstitutePlayboyProtests Of 1968Stonewall RiotsGerard DamianoHugh HefnerVirginia E. JohnsonAlfred KinseyWilliam MastersWilhelm ReichCounterculture Of The 1960sFeminist Views Of PornographyHippieLGBTLGBT Culture In New York CityLustPeace MovementTemplate:United States TopicsTemplate Talk:United States TopicsUnited StatesHistory Of The United StatesTimeline Of United States HistoryPre-Columbian EraColonial History Of The United StatesThirteen ColoniesColonial American Military HistoryContinental CongressAmerican RevolutionAmerican Revolutionary WarAmerican FrontierAmerica's Critical PeriodTimeline Of Drafting And Ratification Of The United States ConstitutionFederalist EraWar Of 1812United States Territorial AcquisitionsTerritorial Evolution Of The United StatesMexican–American WarAmerican Civil WarReconstruction EraAmerican Indian WarsGilded AgeProgressive EraAfrican-American Civil Rights Movement (1865–1896)African-American Civil Rights Movement (1896–1954)African-American Civil Rights Movement (1954–1968)Spanish–American WarAmerican ImperialismHistory Of The United States (1865–1918)Roaring TwentiesGreat DepressionMilitary History Of The United States During World War IIUnited States Home Front During World War IIGerman American BundAmerican CenturyCold WarKorean WarSpace RaceSecond-wave FeminismVietnam WarHistory Of The United States (1991–2008)War On TerrorWar In Afghanistan (2001–present)Iraq WarHistory Of The United States (2008–present)Outline Of The United StatesDemographic History Of The United StatesTimeline Of United States DiscoveriesEconomic History Of The United StatesHistory Of United States Debt CeilingTimeline Of United States InventionsTimeline Of United States Inventions (before 1890)Timeline Of United States Inventions (1890–1945)Timeline Of United States Inventions (1946–91)Timeline Of United States Inventions (after 1991)Military History Of The United StatesPostage Stamps And Postal History Of The United StatesTechnological And Industrial History Of The United StatesGeography Of The United StatesUnited States TerritoryCounty (United States)Washington, D.C.Federal EnclaveIndian ReservationTerritories Of The United StatesUnited States Minor Outlying IslandsLists Of Populated Places In The United StatesU.S. StateList Of Earthquakes In The United StatesList Of Extreme Points Of The United StatesList Of Islands Of The United StatesList Of Mountains Of The United StatesList Of Mountain Peaks Of The United StatesList Of Mountain RangesAppalachian MountainsRocky MountainsNational Park ServiceList Of Areas In The United States National Park SystemList Of Regions Of The United StatesEast Coast Of The United StatesWest Coast Of The United StatesGreat PlainsGulf Coast Of The United StatesMid-Atlantic (United States)Midwestern United StatesNew EnglandPacific StatesCentral United StatesEastern United StatesNorthern United StatesNortheastern United StatesNorthwestern United StatesSouthern United StatesSoutheastern United StatesSouthwestern United StatesWestern United StatesList Of Rivers Of The United StatesColorado RiverColumbia RiverMississippi RiverMissouri RiverOhio RiverRio GrandeYukon RiverTime In The United StatesDrinking Water Supply And Sanitation In The United StatesPolitics Of The United StatesFederal Government Of The United StatesCabinet Of The United StatesUnited States Federal Civil ServiceUnited States Federal Executive DepartmentsExecutive Office Of The President Of The United StatesIndependent Agencies Of The United States GovernmentFederal Law Enforcement In The United StatesPresident Of The United StatesPublic Policy Of The United StatesUnited States CongressUnited States House Of RepresentativesCurrent Members Of The United States House Of RepresentativesSpeaker Of The United States House Of RepresentativesUnited States SenateCurrent Members Of The United States SenatePresident Pro Tempore Of The United States SenateVice President Of The United StatesFederal Judiciary Of The United StatesUnited States Courts Of AppealsUnited States District CourtSupreme Court Of The United StatesLaw Of The United StatesUnited States Bill Of RightsCivil Liberties In The United StatesCode Of Federal RegulationsUnited States ConstitutionFederalism In The United StatesFederal PreemptionSeparation Of Powers Under The United States ConstitutionFederal ReporterUnited States CodeUnited States ReportsUnited States Intelligence CommunityCentral Intelligence AgencyDefense Intelligence AgencyFederal Bureau Of InvestigationNational Geospatial-Intelligence AgencyNational Reconnaissance OfficeNational Security AgencyDirector Of National IntelligenceUniformed Services Of The United StatesUnited States Armed ForcesUnited States ArmyUnited States Marine CorpsUnited States NavyUnited States Air ForceUnited States Coast GuardNational Guard Of The United StatesNOAA Commissioned Officer CorpsUnited States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps51st StatePolitical Status Of Puerto RicoDistrict Of Columbia Statehood MovementElections In The United StatesElectoral College (United States)Foreign Relations Of The United StatesForeign Policy Of The United StatesHawaiian Sovereignty MovementPolitical Ideologies In The United StatesAnti-AmericanismAmerican ExceptionalismAmerican NationalismLocal Government In The United StatesPolitical Parties In The United StatesDemocratic Party (United States)Republican Party (United States)Third Party (United States)Red States And Blue StatesPurple AmericaList Of Federal Political Scandals In The United StatesState Governments Of The United StatesGovernor (United States)State Legislature (United States)State Court (United States)Uncle SamEconomy Of The United StatesEconomy Of The United States By SectorAgriculture In The United StatesBanking In The United StatesCommunications In The United StatesEnergy In The United StatesInsurance In The United StatesManufacturing In The United StatesMining In The United StatesTourism In The United StatesForeign Trade Of The United StatesTransportation In The United StatesList Of Companies Of The United StatesList Of Companies Of The United States By StateUnited States DollarList Of Exports Of The United StatesUnited States Federal BudgetFederal Reserve SystemFinancial Position Of The United StatesLabor Unions In The United StatesNational Debt Of The United StatesSocial Programs In The United StatesTaxation In The United StatesUnemployment In The United StatesWall StreetSociety Of The United StatesCulture Of The United StatesAmericanaArchitecture Of The United StatesCinema Of The United StatesCuisine Of The United StatesDance In The United StatesDemography Of The United StatesEducation In The United StatesFamily Structure In The United StatesFashion In The United StatesFlag Of The United StatesFolklore Of The United StatesLanguages Of The United StatesAmerican EnglishIndigenous Languages Of The AmericasAmerican Sign LanguageBlack American Sign LanguageHawai'i Sign LanguagePlains Indian Sign LanguageArabic Language In The United StatesChinese Language And Varieties In The United StatesFrench Language In The United StatesGerman Language In The United StatesItalian Language In The United StatesRussian Language In The United StatesSpanish Language In The United StatesAmerican LiteratureMedia Of The United StatesHistory Of American JournalismInternet In The United StatesHistory Of American NewspapersRadio In The United StatesTelevision In The United StatesMusic Of The United StatesNaming In The United StatesAmericansAmerican PhilosophyPublic Holidays In The United StatesReligion In The United StatesSexuality In The United StatesSports In The United StatesTheater In The United StatesVisual Art Of The United StatesSocial Class In The United StatesAffluence In The United StatesAmerican DreamEducational Attainment In The United StatesHomelessness In The United StatesHome-ownership In The United StatesHousehold Income In The United StatesIncome Inequality In The United StatesAmerican Middle ClassPersonal Income In The United StatesPoverty In The United StatesProfessional And Working Class Conflict In The United StatesStandard Of Living In The United StatesWealth In The United StatesSocial Issues In The United StatesAges Of Consent In The United StatesCapital Punishment In The United StatesCrime In The United StatesIncarceration In The United StatesCriticism Of The United States GovernmentDiscrimination In The United StatesAffirmative Action In The United StatesAntisemitism In The United StatesIntersex Rights In The United StatesIslamophobia In The United StatesLGBT Rights In The United StatesRacism In The United StatesSame-sex Marriage In The United StatesFederal Drug Policy Of The United StatesEnergy Policy Of The United StatesEnvironmental Movement In The United StatesGun Politics In The United StatesHealth Care In The United StatesAbortion In The United StatesHealth Insurance In The United StatesHunger In The United StatesObesity In The United StatesTobacco In The United StatesHuman Rights In The United StatesImmigration To The United StatesIllegal Immigration To The United StatesInternational Rankings Of The United StatesNational Security Of The United StatesMass Surveillance In The United StatesTerrorism In The United StatesSeparation Of Church And State In The United StatesOutline Of The United StatesIndex Of United States-related ArticlesBook:United StatesCategory:United StatesPortal:United StatesHelp:CategoryCategory:American PornographyCategory:Discrimination In The United StatesCategory:State Law In The United StatesCategory:Obscenity ControversiesCategory:Freedom Of Speech In The United StatesCategory:CS1 Maint: Multiple Names: Authors ListCategory:Webarchive Template Wayback LinksCategory:Use American English From July 2015Category:All Wikipedia Articles Written In American EnglishCategory:Use Mdy Dates From July 2015Category:Wikipedia Articles In Need Of Updating From September 2017Category:All Wikipedia Articles In Need Of UpdatingDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

view link view link view link view link view link