Life[edit] Smith was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of Jonathan and Mary Ann (Frazer) Smith. His maternal grandfather was Revolutionary War figure Persifor Frazer.[1] General Smith is sometimes confused with his cousin, also named Persifor Frazer Smith, who was a well-known lawyer in Philadelphia. Persifor Frazer Smith the lawyer was the son of Joseph Smith (brother of Jonathan Smith) and Mary Frazer (sister of Mary Ann Frazer). Other notable relatives include his cousin, Joseph Smith Harris. Smith served as a colonel of volunteers in the Seminole Wars from 1836 to 1838, before taking part in the Mexican–American War. He commanded the 2nd Brigade in Worth's Division at the Battle of Monterrey. He was brevetted brigadier general in September 1846 and joined Winfield Scott's army as commander of the 1st Brigade, 2nd Division. He led his brigade at the battles of Veracruz, Cerro Gordo and Contreras. He was brevetted major general for actions at Contreras and fought in the battles for Mexico City. He served on the armistice commission and then as military governor of Mexico City. After the war, he commanded the Pacific Division of the U.S. Army, predecessor of the Department of the Pacific. In 1849, in his capacity as commander, he sent relief parties across the Sierra Nevada in the fall to meet the last arrivals in the emigration, saving many lives.[2] He next commanded the U.S. Army's Department of Texas in 1850-1856, wherein he selected the site for Fort Davis[3] and issued orders for the establishment of Fort Lancaster. Smith was commander of the U.S. Army's Department of the West at Fort Leavenworth during the Bleeding Kansas conflict. Obeying Governor Wilson Shannon´s request, in September 1856 he sent 1,300 troops to protect the Lecompton territorial capital from a threatened attack by freesoilers. He died at Leavenworth, Kansas, while trying to quiet a disturbance, and is buried at Laurel Hill Cemetery in Philadelphia.[4] General Smith married his first wife, Frances Jeanette Bureau, in 1822. Their only child, Howard Smith, was a physician and surgeon. Howard Smith served on the staff of General Kirby Smith during the Civil War. After his first wife's death in 1852, General Persifor Frazer Smith married Anne Monica Millard Armstrong, widow of Francis Wells Armstrong.

Legacy[edit] It has been speculated[by whom?] that, despite his Northern upbringing, Smith would have supported the Confederacy in the Civil War as a result of his long-time residence in the South, and would possibly have been one of its most experienced officers. However, he rendered the issue moot by dying three years before the war began. His stepson, Frank Crawford Armstrong, did serve as brigadier general in the Confederate army.[citation needed]

References[edit] ^ Armstrong County, Pa., Her People, Past and Present, J. H. Beers & Co., 1914; Pp. 489-496. ^ Josiah Royce, California, Berkeley: Heyday Books, 2002, p. 192 et seq. ^ Fort Davis ^ Persifor Frazer Smith at Find a Grave New International Encyclopedia, Vol XVIII, New York, Dodd, Mead and Company, 1912 v t e Governors of California Colony (1769–1822) Capt. Portolà Col. Fages Capt. Rivera Capt-Gen. de Neve Col. Fages Capt. Roméu Capt. Arrillaga Col. Bórica Lt. Col. Alberní Capt. Arrillaga Capt. J. Argüello Don Solá Territory (1822–36) Capt. L. Argüello Lt. Col. Echeandía Gen. Victoria Don P. Pico Lt. Col. Echeandía Brig. Gen. Figueroa Lt. Col. Castro Lt. Col. Gutiérrez Col. Chico Lt. Col. Gutiérrez Sovereignty (1836–46) Pres. Castro Pres. Alvarado · Uncle Carrillo (rival) Brig. Gen. Micheltorena Don P. Pico Republic (1846–50) Cdre. Sloat Cdre. Stockton · Gen. Flores (rival) Gen. Kearny · Maj. Frémont (mutineer) Gen. Mason Gen. Smith Gen. Riley Burnett (from 1849) U.S. State (since 1850) Burnett McDougal Bigler J. Johnson Weller Latham Downey Stanford Low Haight Booth Pacheco Irwin Perkins Stoneman Bartlett Waterman Markham Budd Gage Pardee Gillett H. Johnson Stephens Richardson Young Rolph Merriam Olson Warren Knight P. Brown Reagan J. Brown Deukmejian Wilson Davis Schwarzenegger J. Brown Before 1850 After 1850 After 1850 by age Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 45741213 LCCN: n85185691 SNAC: w66d6sz5 Retrieved from "" Categories: 1798 births1858 deathsMilitary personnel from PhiladelphiaUnited States military governors of CaliforniaAmerican military personnel of the Mexican–American WarPeople of the Conquest of CaliforniaMembers of the Aztec Club of 1847American people of the Seminole Wars19th-century American politiciansHidden categories: Find a Grave template with ID same as WikidataArticles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from April 2013All articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from April 2013Wikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers

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Military Governor Of CaliforniaRichard Barnes MasonBennett C. RileyPhiladelphia, PennsylvaniaLeavenworth, KansasSoldierUnited StatesUnited States Of AmericaUnited States ArmyBrevet (military)3rd Cavalry Regiment (United States)Pacific Division (United States Army)Department Of The West2nd Seminole WarMexican-American WarBleeding KansasUnited States ArmySeminole WarsMexican–American WarMilitary OccupationCaliforniaPhiladelphiaPennsylvaniaAmerican Revolutionary WarPersifor FrazerJoseph Smith HarrisSeminole WarsWilliam J. WorthBattle Of MonterreyBrevet (military)Brigadier GeneralWinfield ScottSiege Of VeracruzBattle Of Cerro GordoBattle Of ContrerasMajor GeneralBattle For Mexico CityMexico CityPacific Division (United States Army)Department Of The PacificSierra Nevada (U.S.)Department Of TexasFort Davis National Historic SiteFort LancasterDepartment Of The WestLeavenworth, KansasLaurel Hill CemeteryKirby SmithAmerican Civil WarFrank Crawford ArmstrongWikipedia:Manual Of Style/Words To WatchConfederate States Of AmericaAmerican Civil WarSouthern United StatesFrank Crawford ArmstrongBrigadier GeneralWikipedia:Citation NeededJosiah RoyceFind A GraveNew International EncyclopediaTemplate:Governors Of CaliforniaTemplate Talk:Governors Of CaliforniaGovernor Of CaliforniaSpanish EmpireGaspar De PortolàPedro FagesFernando Rivera Y MoncadaFelipe De NevePedro FagesJosé Antonio RoméuJosé Joaquín De ArrillagaDiego De BoricaPedro De AlberniJosé Joaquín De ArrillagaJosé Darío ArgüelloPablo Vicente De SoláSeal Of The Governor Of California1824 Constitution Of MexicoLuis Antonio ArgüelloJosé María De EcheandíaManuel VictoriaPío PicoJosé María De EcheandíaJosé FigueroaJosé CastroNicolás GutiérrezMariano ChicoNicolás GutiérrezJuan Bautista AlvaradoJosé CastroJuan Bautista AlvaradoCarlos Antonio CarrilloManuel MicheltorenaPío PicoCalifornia RepublicJohn D. SloatRobert F. StocktonJosé María FloresStephen W. KearnyJohn C. FrémontRichard Barnes MasonBennet C. RileyPeter Hardeman BurnettList Of Governors Of CaliforniaPeter Hardeman BurnettJohn McDougalJohn BiglerJ. Neely JohnsonJohn B. WellerMilton LathamJohn G. DowneyLeland StanfordFrederick LowHenry Huntly HaightNewton BoothRomualdo PachecoWilliam Irwin (California Politician)George Clement PerkinsGeorge StonemanWashington BartlettRobert Waterman (governor)Henry MarkhamJames BuddHenry GageGeorge PardeeJames GillettHiram JohnsonWilliam StephensFriend RichardsonC. C. YoungJames RolphFrank MerriamCulbert OlsonEarl WarrenGoodwin KnightPat BrownRonald ReaganJerry BrownGeorge DeukmejianPete WilsonGray DavisArnold SchwarzeneggerJerry BrownList Of Governors Of California Before 1850List Of Governors Of CaliforniaList Of Governors Of California By AgeHelp:Authority ControlVirtual International Authority FileLibrary Of Congress Control NumberSNACHelp:CategoryCategory:1798 BirthsCategory:1858 DeathsCategory:Military Personnel From PhiladelphiaCategory:United States Military Governors Of CaliforniaCategory:American Military Personnel Of The Mexican–American WarCategory:People Of The Conquest Of CaliforniaCategory:Members Of The Aztec Club Of 1847Category:American People Of The Seminole WarsCategory:19th-century American PoliticiansCategory:Find A Grave Template With ID Same As WikidataCategory:Articles With Specifically Marked Weasel-worded Phrases From April 2013Category:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From April 2013Category:Wikipedia Articles With VIAF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With LCCN IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With SNAC-ID IdentifiersDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

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