Contents 1 Early life 2 Career 2.1 1957–1960: The Quarrymen 2.2 1960–1970: The Beatles 2.3 1970–1981: Wings 2.4 1982–1990 2.5 1991–1999 2.6 2000–2009 2.7 2010–present 3 Musicianship 3.1 Bass guitar 3.2 Acoustic guitar 3.3 Electric guitar 3.4 Vocals 3.5 Keyboards 3.6 Drums 3.7 Tape loops 3.8 Early influences 4 Lifestyle 4.1 Creative outlets 4.2 Business 4.3 Drugs 4.4 Vegetarianism and activism 4.5 Meditation 4.6 Football 5 Personal relationships 5.1 Girlfriends 5.1.1 Dot Rhone 5.1.2 Jane Asher 5.2 Wives 5.2.1 Linda Eastman 5.2.2 Heather Mills 5.2.3 Nancy Shevell 5.3 Beatles 5.3.1 John Lennon Reaction to Lennon's murder 5.3.2 George Harrison 5.3.3 Ringo Starr 6 Legacy 6.1 Achievements 6.2 Awards and honours 7 Discography 8 Filmography 8.1 Film 8.2 Television 9 Tours 10 See also 11 Notes 12 Citations 13 Sources 14 Further reading 15 External links

Early life See also: Jim and Mary McCartney McCartney's home at 20 Forthlin Road in Allerton. The McCartney family moved into this residence in 1955.[3] James Paul McCartney was born on 18 June 1942 in Walton Hospital, Liverpool, England, where his mother, Mary Patricia (née Mohin), had qualified to practise as a nurse. His father, James ("Jim") McCartney, was absent from his son's birth due to his work as a volunteer firefighter during World War II.[4] McCartney has one younger brother named Michael. Though the children were baptised in their mother's Catholic faith, their father was a former Protestant turned agnostic, and religion was not emphasised in the household.[5] McCartney attended Stockton Wood Road Primary School in Speke from 1947 until 1949, when he transferred to Joseph Williams Junior School in Belle Vale because of overcrowding at Stockton.[6] In 1953, with only three others out of ninety examinees, he passed the 11-Plus exam, meaning he could attend the Liverpool Institute, a grammar school rather than a secondary modern school.[7] In 1954, he met schoolmate George Harrison on the bus from his suburban home in Speke. The two quickly became friends; McCartney later admitted: "I tended to talk down to him because he was a year younger."[8] "The type of people that I came from, I never saw better! ... I mean, the Presidents, the Prime Minister, I never met anyone half as nice as some of the people I know from Liverpool who are nothing, who do nothing. They're not important or famous. But they are smart, like my dad was smart. I mean, people who can just cut through problems like a hot knife through butter. The kind of people you need in life. Salt of the earth."[9] Paul McCartney, Playboy interview, 1984 McCartney's mother, Mary, was a midwife and the family's primary wage earner; her earnings enabled them to move into 20 Forthlin Road in Allerton, where they lived until 1964.[10] She rode a bicycle to her patients; McCartney described an early memory of her leaving at "about three in the morning [the] streets ... thick with snow".[11] On 31 October 1956, when McCartney was fourteen, his mother died of an embolism.[12] McCartney's loss later became a point of connection with John Lennon, whose mother, Julia, had died when he was seventeen.[13] McCartney's father was a trumpet player and pianist, who had led Jim Mac's Jazz Band in the 1920s. He kept an upright piano in the front room, encouraged his sons to be musical and advised Paul to take piano lessons, but Paul preferred to learn by ear.[14][nb 1] He gave Paul a nickel-plated trumpet for his fourteenth birthday, but when rock and roll became popular on Radio Luxembourg, McCartney traded it for a £15 Framus Zenith (model 17) acoustic guitar, since he wanted to be able to sing while playing.[17] He found it difficult to play guitar right-handed, but after noticing a poster advertising a Slim Whitman concert and realising that Whitman played left-handed, he reversed the order of the strings.[18] McCartney wrote his first song, "I Lost My Little Girl", on the Zenith, and composed another early tune that would become "When I'm Sixty-Four" on the piano. American rhythm and blues influenced him, and Little Richard was his schoolboy idol; "Long Tall Sally" was the first song McCartney performed in public, at a Butlin's Filey holiday camp talent competition.[19]

Career 1957–1960: The Quarrymen Main article: The Quarrymen At the age of fifteen on 6 July 1957, McCartney met John Lennon and his band, the Quarrymen, at the St Peter's Church Hall fête in Woolton.[20] The Quarrymen played a mix of rock and roll and skiffle, a type of popular music with jazz, blues and folk influences.[21] Soon afterwards, the members of the band invited McCartney to join as a rhythm guitarist, and he formed a close working relationship with Lennon. Harrison joined in 1958 as lead guitarist, followed by Lennon's art school friend Stuart Sutcliffe on bass, in 1960.[22] By May 1960 the band had tried several names, including Johnny and the Moondogs, Beatals and the Silver Beetles.[23] They adopted the name the Beatles in August 1960 and recruited drummer Pete Best shortly before a five-engagement residency in Hamburg.[24] 1960–1970: The Beatles Main article: The Beatles Lennon, McCartney, Harrison and Starr arrive at Kennedy International Airport to screaming fans, February 1964. The Beatles were informally represented by Allan Williams; in 1960, the group booked its first performance at a residency in Hamburg.[25][nb 2] In 1961, Sutcliffe left the band and McCartney reluctantly became their bass player.[27] While in Hamburg, they recorded professionally for the first time and were credited as the Beat Brothers, who were the backing band for English singer Tony Sheridan on the single "My Bonnie".[28] This resulted in attention from Brian Epstein, who was a key figure in their subsequent development and success. He became their manager in January 1962.[29] Ringo Starr replaced Best in August, and the band had their first hit, "Love Me Do", in October, becoming popular in the UK in 1963, and in the US a year later. The fan hysteria became known as "Beatlemania", and the press sometimes referred to McCartney as the "cute Beatle".[30][nb 3][nb 4] In August 1965, the Beatles released the McCartney composition "Yesterday", featuring a string quartet. Included on the Help! LP, the song was the group's first recorded use of classical music elements and their first recording that involved only a single band member.[33] "Yesterday" became one of the most covered songs in popular music history.[34] Later that year, during recording sessions for the album Rubber Soul, McCartney began to supplant Lennon as the dominant musical force in the band. Musicologist Ian MacDonald wrote, "from [1965] ... [McCartney] would be in the ascendant not only as a songwriter, but also as instrumentalist, arranger, producer, and de facto musical director of the Beatles."[35] Critics described Rubber Soul as a significant advance in the refinement and profundity of the band's music and lyrics.[36] Considered a high point in the Beatles catalogue, both Lennon and McCartney said they had written the music for the song "In My Life".[37] McCartney said of the album, "we'd had our cute period, and now it was time to expand."[38] Recording engineer Norman Smith stated that the Rubber Soul sessions exposed indications of increasing contention within the band: "the clash between John and Paul was becoming obvious ... [and] as far as Paul was concerned, George [Harrison] could do no right—Paul was absolutely finicky."[39] In 1966, the Beatles released the album Revolver. Featuring sophisticated lyrics, studio experimentation, and an expanded repertoire of musical genres ranging from innovative string arrangements to psychedelic rock, the album marked an artistic leap for the Beatles.[40] The first of three consecutive McCartney A-sides, the single "Paperback Writer" preceded the LP's release.[41] The Beatles produced a short promotional film for the song, and another for its B-side, "Rain". The films, described by Harrison as "the forerunner of videos", aired on The Ed Sullivan Show and Top of the Pops in June 1966.[42] Revolver also included McCartney's "Eleanor Rigby", which featured a string octet. According to Gould, the song is "a neoclassical tour de force ... a true hybrid, conforming to no recognizable style or genre of song".[43] Except for some backing vocals, the song included only McCartney's lead vocal and the strings arranged by producer George Martin.[44][nb 5] Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, "the most famous cover of any music album", wrote Beatles biographer Bill Harry.[46] The band gave their final commercial concert at the end of their 1966 US tour.[47] Later that year, McCartney completed his first musical project apart from the group—a film score for the UK production The Family Way. The score was a collaboration with Martin, who used two McCartney themes to write thirteen variations. The soundtrack failed to chart, but it won McCartney an Ivor Novello Award for Best Instrumental Theme.[48] Upon the end of the Beatles' performing career, McCartney sensed unease in the band and wanted them to maintain creative productivity. He pressed them to start a new project, which became Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, widely regarded as rock's first concept album.[49] McCartney was inspired to create a new persona for the group, to serve as a vehicle for experimentation and to demonstrate to their fans that they had musically matured. He invented the fictional band of the album's title track.[50] As McCartney explained, "We were fed up with being the Beatles. We really hated that fucking four little mop-top approach. We were not boys we were men ... and [we] thought of ourselves as artists rather than just performers."[51] Starting in November 1966, the band adopted an experimental attitude during recording sessions for the album.[52] According to engineer Geoff Emerick, "the Beatles were looking to go out on a limb, both musically and sonically ... we were utilising a lot of tape varispeeding and other manipulation techniques ... limiters and ... effects like flanging and ADT."[53] Their recording of "A Day in the Life" required a forty-piece orchestra, which Martin and McCartney took turns conducting.[54] The sessions produced the double A-side single "Strawberry Fields Forever"/"Penny Lane" in February 1967, and the LP followed in June.[31][nb 6] McCartney's "She's Leaving Home" was an orchestral pop song. MacDonald described the track as "[among] the finest work on Sgt. Pepper—imperishable popular art of its time".[56] Based on an ink drawing by McCartney, the LP's cover included a collage designed by pop artists Peter Blake and Jann Haworth, featuring the Beatles in costume as the Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, standing with a host of celebrities.[57][nb 7] The heavy moustaches worn by the Beatles reflected the growing influence of hippie style trends on the band, while their clothing "spoofed the vogue in Britain for military fashions", wrote Gould.[59] Scholar David Scott Kastan described Sgt. Pepper as "the most important and influential rock-and-roll album ever recorded".[60] "After Brian died ... Paul took over and supposedly led us you know ... we went round in circles ... We broke up then. That was the disintegration. I thought, 'we've fuckin' had it.'"[61] —John Lennon, Rolling Stone magazine, 1970 Epstein's death at age 32 in August 1967 created a void, which left the Beatles perplexed and concerned about their future.[62] McCartney stepped in to fill that void and gradually became the de facto leader and business manager of the group that Lennon had once led.[63] In his first creative suggestion after this change of leadership, McCartney proposed that the band move forward on their plans to produce a film for television, which was to become Magical Mystery Tour. According to Beatles' historian Mark Lewisohn, the project was "an administrative nightmare throughout".[64] McCartney largely directed the film, which brought the group their first unfavourable critical response.[65] However, the film's soundtrack was more successful. It was released in the UK as a six-track double extended play disc (EP), and as an identically titled LP in the US, filled out with five songs from the band's recent singles.[31] The only Capitol compilation later included in the group's official canon of studio albums, the Magical Mystery Tour LP achieved $8 million in sales within three weeks of its release, higher initial sales than any other Capitol LP up to that point.[66] In January 1968, EMI filmed the Beatles for a promotional trailer intended to advertise the animated film Yellow Submarine, loosely based on the imaginary world evoked by McCartney's 1966 composition. Though critics admired the film for its visual style, humour and music, the soundtrack album issued seven months later received a less enthusiastic response.[67] By late 1968, relations within the band were deteriorating. The tension grew during the recording of their self-titled double album, also known as the "White Album".[68][nb 8] Matters worsened the following year during the Let It Be sessions, when a camera crew filmed McCartney lecturing the group: "We've been very negative since Mr. Epstein passed away ... we were always fighting [his] discipline a bit, but it's silly to fight that discipline if it's our own".[70] In March 1969, McCartney married his first wife, Linda Eastman, and in August, the couple had their first child, Mary, named after his late mother.[71] Abbey Road was the band's last recorded album, and Martin suggested "a continuously moving piece of music", urging the group to think symphonically.[72] McCartney agreed, but Lennon did not. They eventually compromised, agreeing to McCartney's suggestion: an LP featuring individual songs on side one, and a long medley on side two.[72] In October 1969, a rumour surfaced that McCartney had died in a car crash in 1966 and been replaced by a lookalike, but this was quickly refuted when a November Life magazine cover featured him and his family, accompanied by the caption "Paul is still with us".[73] McCartney was in the midst of business disagreements with his bandmates when he announced his departure from the group on 10 April 1970.[74] He filed suit for the band's formal dissolution on 31 December 1970. More legal disputes followed as McCartney's attorneys– his in-laws John and Lee Eastman–fought the three remaining Beatles' business manager, Allen Klein, over royalties and creative control. An English court legally dissolved the Beatles on 9 January 1975, though sporadic lawsuits against their record company EMI, Klein, and each other persisted until 1989.[63][nb 9][nb 10] They are widely regarded as one of the most popular and influential acts in the history of rock music.[79] McCartney suffered from depression prior to leaving the group and also after the group disbanded. His wife helped him pull out of that emotional crisis by praising his work as a songwriter and convincing him to continue writing and recording. In her honour, he later wrote "Maybe I'm Amazed", explaining that with the Beatles breaking up, "that was my feeling: Maybe I'm amazed at what's going on... Maybe I'm a man and maybe you're the only woman who could ever help me; Baby won't you help me understand... Maybe I'm amazed at the way you pulled me out of time, hung me on the line, Maybe I'm amazed at the way I really need you." He added that "every love song I write is for Linda."[80][81] 1970–1981: Wings Main article: Wings (band) "I didn't really want to keep going as a solo artist ... so it became obvious that I had to get a band together ... Linda and I talked it through and it was like, 'Yeah, but let's not put together a supergroup, let's go back to square one.'"[82] —McCartney After the Beatles broke up in 1970, McCartney continued his musical career with his first solo release, McCartney, a US number-one album. Apart from some vocal contributions from Linda, McCartney is a one-man album, with McCartney providing compositions, instrumentation and vocals.[83][nb 11] In 1971, he collaborated with Linda and drummer Denny Seiwell on a second album, Ram. A UK number one and a US top five, Ram included the co-written US number-one hit single "Uncle Albert/Admiral Halsey".[85] Later that year, ex-Moody Blues guitarist Denny Laine joined the McCartneys and Seiwell to form the band Wings. McCartney had this to say on the group's formation: "Wings were always a difficult idea ... any group having to follow [the Beatles'] success would have a hard job ... I found myself in that very position. However, it was a choice between going on or finishing, and I loved music too much to think of stopping."[86][nb 12] In September 1971, the McCartneys' daughter Stella was born, named in honour of Linda's grandmothers, both of whom were named Stella.[88] Following the addition of guitarist Henry McCullough, Wings' first concert tour began in 1972 with a debut performance in front of an audience of seven hundred at the University of Nottingham. Ten more gigs followed as they travelled across the UK in a van during an unannounced tour of universities, during which the band stayed in modest accommodation and received pay in coinage collected from students, while avoiding Beatles songs during their performances.[89] McCartney later said, "The main thing I didn't want was to come on stage, faced with the whole torment of five rows of press people with little pads, all looking at me and saying, 'Oh well, he is not as good as he was.' So we decided to go out on that university tour which made me less nervous ... by the end of that tour I felt ready for something else, so we went into Europe."[90] During the seven-week, 25-show Wings Over Europe Tour, the band played almost solely Wings and McCartney solo material: the Little Richard cover "Long Tall Sally" was the only song that had previously been recorded by the Beatles. McCartney wanted the tour to avoid large venues; most of the small halls they played had capacities of fewer than 3,000 people.[91] In March 1973, Wings achieved their first US number-one single, "My Love", included on their second LP, Red Rose Speedway, a US number one and UK top five.[92][nb 13] McCartney's collaboration with Linda and former Beatles producer Martin resulted in the song "Live and Let Die", which was the theme song for the James Bond film of the same name. Nominated for an Academy Award, the song reached number two in the US and number nine in the UK. It also earned Martin a Grammy for his orchestral arrangement.[93] Music professor and author Vincent Benitez described the track as "symphonic rock at its best".[94][nb 14] After the departure of McCullough and Seiwell in 1973, the McCartneys and Laine recorded Band on the Run. The album was the first of seven platinum Wings LPs.[96] It was a US and UK number one, the band's first to top the charts in both countries and the first ever to reach Billboard magazine's charts on three separate occasions. One of the best-selling releases of the decade, it remained on the UK charts for 124 weeks. Rolling Stone named it one of the Best Albums of the Year for 1973, and in 1975 Paul McCartney and Wings won the Grammy Award for Best Pop Vocal Performance for the song "Band on the Run" and Geoff Emerick won the Grammy for Best Engineered Recording for the album.[97][nb 15] In 1974, Wings achieved a second US number-one single with the title track.[99] The album also included the top-ten hits "Jet" and "Helen Wheels", and earned the 413th spot on Rolling Stone's list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.[100][nb 16] Wings followed Band on the Run with the chart-topping albums Venus and Mars (1975) and Wings at the Speed of Sound (1976).[102][nb 17] In 1975, they began the fourteen-month Wings Over the World Tour, which included stops in the UK, Australia, Europe and the US. The tour marked the first time McCartney performed Beatles songs live with Wings, with five in the two-hour set list: "I've Just Seen a Face", "Yesterday", "Blackbird", "Lady Madonna" and "The Long and Winding Road".[104] Following the second European leg of the tour and extensive rehearsals in London, the group undertook an ambitious US arena tour that yielded the US number-one live triple LP Wings over America.[105] In September 1977, the McCartneys had a third child, a son they named James. In November, the Wings song "Mull of Kintyre", co-written with Laine, was quickly becoming one of the best-selling singles in UK chart history.[106] The most successful single of McCartney's solo career, it achieved double the sales of the previous record holder, "She Loves You", and went on to sell 2.5 million copies and hold the UK sales record until the 1984 charity single, "Do They Know It's Christmas?"[107][nb 18] London Town (1978) spawned a US number-one single ("With a Little Luck"), and was Wings' best-selling LP since Band on the Run, making the top five in both the US and the UK. Critical reception was unfavourable, and McCartney expressed disappointment with the album.[109][nb 19] Back to the Egg (1979) featured McCartney's collaboration with a rock supergroup dubbed "the Rockestra". Credited to Wings, the band included Pete Townshend, David Gilmour, Gary Brooker, John Paul Jones and John Bonham. Though certified platinum, critics panned the album.[111] Wings completed their final concert tour in 1979, with twenty shows in the UK that included the live debut of the Beatles songs "Got to Get You into My Life", "The Fool on the Hill" and "Let it Be".[112] McCartney being interviewed at Amsterdam's Schiphol Airport, January 1980 In 1980, McCartney released his second solo LP, the self-produced McCartney II, which peaked at number one in the UK and number three in the US. As with his first album, he composed and performed it alone.[113] The album contained the song "Coming Up", the live version of which, recorded in Glasgow, Scotland, in 1979 by Wings, became the group's last number-one hit.[114] By 1981, McCartney felt he had accomplished all he could creatively with Wings and decided he needed a change. The group disbanded in April 1981 following disagreements over royalties and salaries.[115][nb 20][nb 21] 1982–1990 In 1982 McCartney collaborated with Stevie Wonder on the Martin-produced number-one hit "Ebony and Ivory", included on McCartney's Tug of War LP, and with Michael Jackson on "The Girl Is Mine" from Thriller.[119][nb 22] "Ebony and Ivory" was McCartney's record 28th single to hit number one on the Billboard 100.[121] The following year, he and Jackson worked on "Say Say Say", McCartney's most recent US number one as of 2014[update]. McCartney earned his latest UK number one as of 2014[update] with the title track of his LP release that year, "Pipes of Peace".[122][nb 23] In 1984, McCartney starred in the musical Give My Regards to Broad Street, a feature film he also wrote and produced which included Starr in an acting role. Disparaged by critics, Variety described the film as "characterless, bloodless, and pointless".[124] Roger Ebert awarded it a single star and wrote, "you can safely skip the movie and proceed directly to the soundtrack".[125] The album fared much better, reaching number one in the UK and producing the US top-ten hit single "No More Lonely Nights", featuring David Gilmour on lead guitar.[126] In 1985, Warner Brothers commissioned McCartney to write a song for the comedic feature film Spies Like Us. He composed and recorded the track in four days, with Phil Ramone co-producing.[127][nb 24] McCartney participated in Live Aid, performing "Let it Be", but technical difficulties rendered his vocals and piano barely audible for the first two verses, punctuated by squeals of feedback. Equipment technicians resolved the problems and David Bowie, Alison Moyet, Pete Townshend and Bob Geldof joined McCartney on stage, receiving an enthusiastic crowd reaction.[129] McCartney collaborated with Eric Stewart on Press to Play (1986), with Stewart co-writing more than half the songs on the LP.[130][nb 25] In 1988, McCartney released Снова в СССР, initially available only in the Soviet Union, which contained eighteen covers; recorded over the course of two days.[132] In 1989, he joined forces with fellow Merseysiders Gerry Marsden and Holly Johnson to record an updated version of "Ferry Cross the Mersey", for the Hillsborough disaster appeal fund.[133][nb 26] That same year, he released Flowers in the Dirt; a collaborative effort with Elvis Costello that included musical contributions from Gilmour and Nicky Hopkins.[135][nb 27] McCartney then formed a band consisting of himself and Linda, with Hamish Stuart and Robbie McIntosh on guitars, Paul "Wix" Wickens on keyboards and Chris Whitten on drums.[137] In September 1989, they launched the Paul McCartney World Tour, his first in over a decade. During the tour, McCartney performed for the largest paying stadium audience in history on 21 April 1990, when 184,000 people attended his concert at Maracanã Stadium in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.[138] That year, he released the triple album Tripping the Live Fantastic, which contained select performances from the tour.[139][nb 28][nb 29] 1991–1999 McCartney ventured into orchestral music in 1991, when the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Society commissioned a musical piece by him to celebrate its sesquicentennial. He collaborated with composer Carl Davis, producing Liverpool Oratorio. The performance featured opera singers Kiri Te Kanawa, Sally Burgess, Jerry Hadley and Willard White, with the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra and the choir of Liverpool Cathedral.[142] Reviews were negative. The Guardian was especially critical, describing the music as "afraid of anything approaching a fast tempo", and adding that the piece has "little awareness of the need for recurrent ideas that will bind the work into a whole".[143] The paper published a letter McCartney submitted in response in which he noted several of the work's faster tempos and added, "happily, history shows that many good pieces of music were not liked by the critics of the time so I am content to ... let people judge for themselves the merits of the work."[143] The New York Times was slightly more generous, stating, "There are moments of beauty and pleasure in this dramatic miscellany ... the music's innocent sincerity makes it difficult to be put off by its ambitions".[144] Performed around the world after its London premiere, the Liverpool Oratorio reached number one on the UK classical chart, Music Week.[145] In 1991, McCartney performed a selection of acoustic-only songs on MTV Unplugged and released a live album of the performance titled Unplugged (The Official Bootleg).[146][nb 30] During the 1990s, McCartney collaborated twice with Youth of Killing Joke as the musical duo "the Fireman". The two released their first electronica album together, Strawberries Oceans Ships Forest, in 1993.[148] McCartney released the rock album Off the Ground in 1993.[149][nb 31] The subsequent New World Tour followed, which led to the release of the Paul Is Live album later that year.[151][nb 32][nb 33] Starting in 1994, McCartney took a four-year break from his solo career to work on Apple's Beatles Anthology project with Harrison, Starr and Martin. He recorded a radio series called Oobu Joobu in 1995 for the American network Westwood One, which he described as "widescreen radio".[155] Also in 1995, Prince Charles presented him with an Honorary Fellowship of the Royal College of Music—"kind of amazing for somebody who doesn't read a note of music", commented McCartney.[156] In 1997, McCartney released the rock album Flaming Pie. Starr appeared on drums and backing vocals in "Beautiful Night".[157][nb 34] Later that year, he released the classical work Standing Stone, which topped the UK and US classical charts.[159] In 1998, he released Rushes, the second electronica album by the Fireman.[160] In 1999, McCartney released Run Devil Run.[161][nb 35] Recorded in one week, and featuring Ian Paice and David Gilmour, it was primarily an album of covers with three McCartney originals. He had been planning such an album for years, having been previously encouraged to do so by Linda, who had died of cancer in April 1998.[162] McCartney did an unannounced performance at the benefit tribute, "Concert for Linda," his wife of 29 years who died a year earlier. It was held at the Royal Albert Hall in London on 10 April 1999, and was organised by two of her close friends, Chrissie Hynde and Carla Lane. Also during 1999, he continued his experimentation with orchestral music on Working Classical.[163] 2000–2009 In 2000, he released the electronica album Liverpool Sound Collage with Super Furry Animals and Youth, using the sound collage and musique concrète techniques that had fascinated him in the mid-1960s.[164] He contributed the song "Nova" to a tribute album of classical, choral music called A Garland for Linda (2000), dedicated to his late wife.[165] Having witnessed the 11 September 2001 attacks from the JFK airport tarmac, McCartney was inspired to take a leading role in organising the Concert for New York City. His studio album release in November that year, Driving Rain, included the song "Freedom", written in response to the attacks.[166][nb 36] The following year, McCartney went out on tour with a band that included guitarists Rusty Anderson and Brian Ray, accompanied by Paul "Wix" Wickens on keyboards and Abe Laboriel, Jr. on drums.[168] They began the Driving World Tour in April 2002, which included stops in the US, Mexico and Japan. The tour resulted in the double live album Back in the US, released internationally in 2003 as Back in the World.[169][nb 37][nb 38] The tour earned a reported $126.2 million, an average of over $2 million per night, and Billboard named it the top tour of the year.[171] The team continued to play together and McCartney played live with Brian Ray, Rusty Anderson, Abe Laboriel Jr. and Wix Wickens longer than he played live with the Beatles.[172] Coat of arms of Paul McCartney. In July 2002, McCartney married Heather Mills. In November, on the first anniversary of George Harrison's death, McCartney performed at the Concert for George.[173] He participated in the National Football League's Super Bowl, performing "Freedom" during the pre-game show for Super Bowl XXXVI in 2002 and headlining the halftime show at Super Bowl XXXIX in 2005.[174] The English College of Arms honoured McCartney in 2002 by granting him a coat of arms. His crest, featuring a Liver bird holding an acoustic guitar in its claw, reflects his background in Liverpool and his musical career. The shield includes four curved emblems which resemble beetles' backs. The arms' motto is Ecce Cor Meum, Latin for "Behold My Heart".[175] In 2003, the McCartneys had a child, Beatrice Milly.[176] Starr and McCartney promoting The Beatles: Rock Band in 2009 In July 2005, he performed at the Live 8 event in Hyde Park, London, opening the show with "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" (with U2) and closing it with "Drive My Car" (with George Michael), "Helter Skelter", and "The Long and Winding Road".[177][nb 39] In September, he released the rock album Chaos and Creation in the Backyard, for which he provided most of the instrumentation.[179][nb 40][nb 41] In 2006, McCartney released the classical work Ecce Cor Meum.[182][nb 42] The rock album Memory Almost Full followed in 2007.[183][nb 43] In 2008, he released his third Fireman album, Electric Arguments.[185][nb 44] Also in 2008, he performed at a concert in Liverpool to celebrate the city's year as European Capital of Culture. In 2009, after a four-year break, he returned to touring and has since performed over 80 shows.[187] More than forty-five years after the Beatles first appeared on American television during The Ed Sullivan Show, he returned to the same New York theatre to perform on Late Show with David Letterman.[188] On 9 September 2009, EMI reissued the Beatles catalogue following a four-year digital remastering effort, releasing a music video game called The Beatles: Rock Band the same day.[189] McCartney's enduring fame has made him a popular choice to open new venues. In 2009, he played to three sold-out concerts at the newly built Citi Field—a venue constructed to replace Shea Stadium in Queens, New York. These performances yielded the double live album Good Evening New York City later that year.[190] 2010–present Paul McCartney live in Dublin, 2010 In 2010, McCartney opened the Consol Energy Center in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.[191][nb 45] In July 2011, McCartney performed at two sold-out concerts at the new Yankee Stadium. A New York Times review of the first concert reported that McCartney was "not saying goodbye but touring stadiums and playing marathon concerts."[193] McCartney was commissioned by the New York City Ballet, and In September 2011 he released his first score for dance, a collaboration with Peter Martins called Ocean's Kingdom.[194] Also in 2011, McCartney married Nancy Shevell.[195] He released Kisses on the Bottom, a collection of standards, in February 2012; that same month the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences honoured him as the MusiCares Person of the Year, two days prior to his performance at the 54th Grammy Awards.[196] McCartney remains one of the world's top draws. He played to over 100,000 people during two performances in Mexico City in May, with the shows grossing nearly $6 million.[197][nb 46] In June 2012, McCartney closed Queen Elizabeth's Diamond Jubilee Concert held outside Buckingham Palace, performing a set that included "Let It Be" and "Live and Let Die".[199] He closed the opening ceremony of the 2012 Summer Olympics in London on 27 July, singing "The End" and "Hey Jude" and inviting the audience to join in on the coda.[200] Having donated his time, he received £1 from the Olympic organisers.[201] Paul McCartney performs live in Montevideo, Uruguay, April 2012 On 12 December, McCartney performed with three former members of Nirvana (Krist Novoselic, Dave Grohl, and Pat Smear) during the closing act of 12-12-12: The Concert for Sandy Relief, seen by approximately two billion people worldwide.[202] On 28 August 2013, McCartney released the title track of his upcoming studio album New, which came out in October 2013.[203] A primetime entertainment special was taped 27 January 2014 at the Ed Sullivan Theater with a 9 February 2014 CBS airing. The show featured Paul McCartney and Ringo Starr, and celebrated the legacy of the seven-time Grammy-winning group the Beatles and their groundbreaking 1964 first performance on The Ed Sullivan Show. The show, titled The Night That Changed America: A Grammy Salute to The Beatles, featured 22 classic Beatles songs as performed by various artists, which included original Beatles McCartney and Starr.[204] On 19 May 2014, the news reported that McCartney had been bedridden on doctor's orders due to an unspecified virus, which forced him to cancel a sold-out concert tour of Japan that was scheduled to begin later in the week. The tour would have included a stop at the famed Budokan Hall. McCartney also had to push his June US dates to October, as part of his doctor's order to take it easy to make a full recovery.[205] However, he resumed the tour with a high-energy three hour appearance in Albany, New York, on 5 July 2014.[206] On 14 August 2014, McCartney performed the final concert at Candlestick Park in San Francisco, California before its demolition. It was the same venue that the Beatles played their final concert in 1966.[207] In 2014, McCartney wrote and performed "Hope for the Future," the ending song for the video game Destiny.[208][209] In November 2014, a 42-song tribute album titled The Art of McCartney was released, which features a wide range of artists covering McCartney's solo and Beatles work.[210] Also that year, McCartney collaborated with American recording artist Kanye West on the single "Only One", released on 31 December.[211] In January 2015, McCartney collaborated with West and Barbadian singer Rihanna on the single "FourFiveSeconds".[212] They released a music video for the song in January[213] and performed it live at the 57th Annual Grammy Awards on 8 February 2015.[214] McCartney is a featured guest on West's 2015 single "All Day", which also features Theophilus London and Allan Kingdom.[215] On 15 February 2015, McCartney appeared and performed with Paul Simon for the Saturday Night Live 40th Anniversary Special. McCartney and Simon performed the first verse of "I've Just Seen a Face" on acoustic guitars, and McCartney later performed "Maybe I'm Amazed".[216] McCartney shared lead vocals on the Alice Cooper-led Hollywood Vampires supergroup's cover of his song "Come and Get It" which appears on their debut album, released 11 September 2015.[217] On 10 June 2016, McCartney released the career-spanning collection Pure McCartney.[218] The set includes songs from throughout McCartney's solo career and his work with Wings and the Fireman, and is available in three different formats (2-CD, 4-CD, 4-LP and Digital). The 4-CD version includes 67 tracks, the majority of which were top 40 hits.[219][220] McCartney appeared in the adventure film Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Men Tell No Tales, which was released in 2017.[221] On 18 January 2017, McCartney filed a suit in United States district court against Sony/ATV Music Publishing seeking to reclaim ownership of his share of the Lennon–McCartney song catalogue beginning in 2018. Under US copyright law, for works published before 1978 the author can reclaim copyrights assigned to a publisher after 56 years.[222][223]

Musicianship McCartney was largely a self-taught musician, and his approach was described by musicologist Ian MacDonald as "by nature drawn to music's formal aspects yet wholly untutored ... [he] produced technically 'finished' work almost entirely by instinct, his harmonic judgement based mainly on perfect pitch and an acute pair of ears ... [A] natural melodist—a creator of tunes capable of existing apart from their harmony".[224] McCartney commented, "I prefer to think of my approach to music as ... rather like the primitive cave artists, who drew without training."[225] Bass guitar McCartney's skill as a bass player has been acknowledged by other bassists, including Sting, Dr. Dre bassist Mike Elizondo, and Colin Moulding of XTC.[226] Best known for primarily using a plectrum or pick, McCartney occasionally plays fingerstyle.[227] He does not use slapping techniques.[228] He was strongly influenced by Motown artists, in particular James Jamerson, whom McCartney called a hero for his melodic style. He was also influenced by Brian Wilson, as he commented: "because he went to very unusual places".[229] Another favourite bassist of his is Stanley Clarke.[230] "Paul is one of the most innovative bass players ... half the stuff that's going on now is directly ripped off from his Beatles period ... He's an egomaniac about everything else, but his bass playing he'd always been a bit coy about."[231] —Lennon, Playboy magazine, January 1981 During McCartney's early years with the Beatles, he primarily used a Höfner 500/1 bass, although from 1965, he favoured his Rickenbacker 4001S for recording. While typically using Vox amplifiers, by 1967 he had also begun using a Fender Bassman for amplification.[232] During the late 1980s and early 1990s, he used a Wal 5-String, which he said made him play more thick-sounding basslines, in contrast to the much lighter Höfner, which inspired him to play more sensitively, something he considers fundamental to his playing style.[228] He changed back to the Höfner around 1990 for that reason.[228] He uses Mesa Boogie bass amplifiers while performing live.[233] MacDonald identified "She's a Woman" as the turning point when McCartney's bass playing began to evolve dramatically, and Beatles biographer Chris Ingham singled out Rubber Soul as the moment when McCartney's playing exhibited significant progress, particularly on "The Word".[234] Bacon and Morgan agreed, calling McCartney's groove on the track "a high point in pop bass playing and ... the first proof on a recording of his serious technical ability on the instrument."[235] MacDonald inferred the influence of James Brown's "Papa's Got a Brand New Bag" and Wilson Pickett's "In the Midnight Hour", American soul tracks from which McCartney absorbed elements and drew inspiration as he "delivered his most spontaneous bass-part to date".[236] Bacon and Morgan described his bassline for the Beatles song "Rain" as "an astonishing piece of playing ... [McCartney] thinking in terms of both rhythm and 'lead bass' ... [choosing] the area of the neck ... he correctly perceives will give him clarity for melody without rendering his sound too thin for groove."[237] MacDonald identified the influence of Indian classical music in "exotic melismas in the bass part" on "Rain" and described the playing as "so inventive that it threatens to overwhelm the track".[238] By contrast, he recognised McCartney's bass part on the Harrison-composed "Something" as creative but overly busy and "too fussily extemporised".[239] McCartney identified Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band as containing his strongest and most inventive bass playing, particularly on "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds".[240] Acoustic guitar "If I couldn't have any other instrument, I would have to have an acoustic guitar."[241] —McCartney, Guitar Player, July 1990 McCartney primarily flatpicks while playing acoustic guitar, though he also uses elements of fingerpicking.[241] Examples of his acoustic guitar playing on Beatles tracks include "Yesterday", "I'm Looking Through You", "Michelle", "Blackbird", "I Will", "Mother Nature's Son" and "Rocky Raccoon".[242] McCartney singled out "Blackbird" as a personal favourite and described his technique for the guitar part in the following way: "I got my own little sort of cheating way of [fingerpicking] ... I'm actually sort of pulling two strings at a time ... I was trying to emulate those folk players."[241] He employed a similar technique for "Jenny Wren".[243] He played an Epiphone Texan on many of his acoustic recordings, but also used a Martin D-28.[244] Electric guitar "Linda was a big fan of my guitar playing, whereas I've got my doubts. I think there are proper guitar players and then there are guys like me who love playing it".[245] —McCartney, Guitar Player, July 1990 McCartney playing a Gibson Les Paul in concert, 2009 McCartney played lead guitar on several Beatles recordings, including what MacDonald described as a "fiercely angular slide guitar solo" on "Drive My Car", which McCartney played on an Epiphone Casino. McCartney said of the instrument, "if I had to pick one electric guitar it would be this."[246] He contributed what MacDonald described as "a startling guitar solo" on the Harrison composition "Taxman" and the "shrieking" guitar on "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" and "Helter Skelter". MacDonald also praised McCartney's "coruscating pseudo-Indian" guitar solo on "Good Morning Good Morning".[247] McCartney also played lead guitar on "Another Girl".[248] During his years with Wings, McCartney tended to leave electric guitar work to other group members,[249] though he played most of the lead guitar on Band on the Run.[250] In 1990, when asked who his favourite guitar players were he included Eddie Van Halen, Eric Clapton and David Gilmour, stating, "but I still like Hendrix the best".[241] He has primarily used a Gibson Les Paul for electric work, particularly during live performances.[233] Vocals Often renowned as one of the greatest singers in pop music, McCartney was ranked the 11th greatest singer of all time by Rolling Stone,[251] voted the 8th greatest singer ever by NME readers[252] and number 10 by Music Radar readers in the list of "the 30 greatest lead singers of all time".[253] He is known for his belting power, versatility and wide tenor vocal range, spanning over four octaves.[254][255] Heavily influenced by Little Richard,[256][257] McCartney's vocals would cross several musical genres throughout his career. On "Call Me Back Again", according to Benitez, "McCartney shines as a bluesy solo vocalist" while MacDonald called "I'm Down" "a rock-and-roll classic" that "illustrates McCartney's vocal and stylistic versatility".[258] MacDonald described "Helter Skelter" as an early attempt at heavy metal, and "Hey Jude" as a "pop/rock hybrid", pointing out McCartney's "use of gospel-style melismas" in the song and his "pseudo-soul shrieking in the fade-out".[259] Benitez identified "Hope of Deliverance" and "Put It There" as examples of McCartney's folk music efforts while musicologist Walter Everett considered "When I'm Sixty-Four" and "Honey Pie" attempts at vaudeville.[260] MacDonald praised the "swinging beat" of the Beatles' twenty-four bar blues song, "She's a Woman" as "the most extreme sound they had manufactured to date", with McCartney's voice "at the edge, squeezed to the upper limit of his chest register and threatening to crack at any moment."[261] MacDonald described "I've Got a Feeling" as a "raunchy, mid-tempo rocker" with a "robust and soulful" vocal performance and "Back in the U.S.S.R." as "the last of [the Beatles'] up-tempo rockers", McCartney's "belting" vocals among his best since "Drive My Car", recorded three years earlier.[262] McCartney also teasingly tried out classical singing, namely singing various renditions of "Besame Mucho" with the Beatles. He continued experimenting with various musical and vocal styles throughout his post-Beatles career.[263][264][265] "Monkberry Moon Delight" was described by Pitchfork's Jayson Greene as "an absolutely unhinged vocal take, Paul gulping and sobbing right next to your inner ear", adding that "it could be a latter-day Tom Waits performance".[266] Over the years, McCartney has been named a significant vocal influence by a number of renowned artists, including Chris Cornell,[267] Billy Joel,[268] Steven Tyler,[269] Brad Delp[270] and Axl Rose.[271] Keyboards Paul McCartney performing in the East Room of the White House, 2010 McCartney played piano on several Beatles songs, including "She's a Woman", "For No One", "A Day in the Life", "Hello, Goodbye", "Lady Madonna", "Hey Jude", "Martha My Dear", "Let It Be" and "The Long and Winding Road".[272] MacDonald considered the piano part in "Lady Madonna" as reminiscent of Fats Domino, and "Let It Be" as having a gospel rhythm.[273] MacDonald called McCartney's Mellotron intro on "Strawberry Fields Forever" an integral feature of the song's character.[274] McCartney played a Moog synthesizer on the Beatles song "Maxwell's Silver Hammer" and the Wings track "Loup (1st Indian on the Moon)".[275] Ingham described the Wings songs "With a Little Luck" and "London Town" as being "full of the most sensitive pop synthesizer touches".[276] Drums McCartney played drums on the Beatles' songs "Back in the U.S.S.R.", "Dear Prudence", "Martha My Dear", "Wild Honey Pie" and "The Ballad of John and Yoko".[277] He also played all the drum parts on his first and second solo albums McCartney and McCartney II, as well as on the Wings album Band on the Run and most of the drums on his solo LP Chaos and Creation in the Backyard.[278] McCartney also played drums on Paul Jones' rendition of "And the Sun Will Shine" in 1968.[279] Using the pseudonym Paul Ramon, which he had first used during the Beatles first tour in Scotland in 1960, McCartney played drums on Steve Miller Band's 1969 tracks "Celebration Song" and "My Dark Hour".[280][281] Tape loops In the mid-1960s, when visiting artist friend John Dunbar's flat in London, McCartney brought tapes he had compiled at then-girlfriend Jane Asher's home. They included mixes of various songs, musical pieces and comments made by McCartney that Dick James made into a demo for him.[282] Heavily influenced by American avant-garde musician John Cage, McCartney made tape loops by recording voices, guitars and bongos on a Brenell tape recorder and splicing the various loops. He referred to the finished product as "electronic symphonies".[283] He reversed the tapes, speeded them up, and slowed them down to create the desired effects, some of which the Beatles later used on the songs "Tomorrow Never Knows" and "The Fool on the Hill".[284] Early influences "The Messiah has arrived!"[285] —McCartney on Presley, The Beatles Anthology, 2000 McCartney's earliest musical influences include Little Richard, Elvis Presley, Buddy Holly, Carl Perkins, and Chuck Berry.[286] When asked why the Beatles did not include Presley on the Sgt. Pepper cover, McCartney replied, "Elvis was too important and too far above the rest even to mention ... so we didn't put him on the list because he was more than merely a ... pop singer, he was Elvis the King."[287] McCartney stated that for his bassline for "I Saw Her Standing There", he directly quoted Berry's "I'm Talking About You".[288] McCartney called Little Richard an idol, whose falsetto vocalisations inspired McCartney's own vocal technique.[289] McCartney said he wrote "I'm Down" as a vehicle for his Little Richard impersonation.[290] In 1971, McCartney bought the publishing rights to Holly's catalogue, and in 1976, on the fortieth anniversary of Holly's birth, McCartney inaugurated the annual "Buddy Holly Week" in England. The festival has included guest performances by famous musicians, songwriting competitions, drawing contests and special events featuring performances by the Crickets.[291]

Lifestyle Creative outlets While at school during the 1950s, McCartney thrived at art assignments, often earning top accolades for his visual work. However, his lack of discipline negatively affected his academic grades, preventing him from earning admission to art college.[292] During the 1960s, he delved into the visual arts, explored experimental cinema, and regularly attended film, theatrical and classical music performances. His first contact with the London avant-garde scene was through artist John Dunbar, who introduced McCartney to art dealer Robert Fraser.[293] At Fraser's flat he first learned about art appreciation and met Andy Warhol, Claes Oldenburg, Peter Blake, and Richard Hamilton.[294] McCartney later purchased works by Magritte, using his painting of an apple for the Apple Records logo.[295] McCartney became involved in the renovation and publicising of the Indica Gallery in Mason's Yard, London, which Barry Miles had co-founded and where Lennon first met Yoko Ono. Miles also co-founded International Times, an underground paper that McCartney helped to start with direct financial support and by providing interviews to attract advertiser income. Miles later wrote McCartney's official biography, Many Years From Now (1997).[296] McCartney became interested in painting after watching artist Willem de Kooning work in de Kooning's Long Island studio.[297] McCartney took up painting in 1983, and he first exhibited his work in Siegen, Germany, in 1999. The 70-painting show featured portraits of Lennon, Andy Warhol and David Bowie.[298] Though initially reluctant to display his paintings publicly, McCartney chose the gallery because events organiser Wolfgang Suttner showed genuine interest in McCartney's art.[299] In September 2000, the first UK exhibition of McCartney's paintings opened, featuring 500 canvases at the Arnolfini Gallery in Bristol, England.[300] In October 2000, McCartney's art debuted in his hometown of Liverpool. McCartney said, "I've been offered an exhibition of my paintings at the Walker Art Gallery ... where John and I used to spend many a pleasant afternoon. So I'm really excited about it. I didn't tell anybody I painted for 15 years but now I'm out of the closet".[301] McCartney is lead patron of the Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts, a school in the building formerly occupied by the Liverpool Institute for Boys.[302] When McCartney was a child, his mother read him poems and encouraged him to read books. His father invited Paul and his brother Michael to solve crosswords with him, to increase their "word power", as McCartney said.[303] In 2001, McCartney published Blackbird Singing, a volume of poems and lyrics to his songs for which he gave readings in Liverpool and New York City.[304] In the foreword of the book, he explains: "When I was a teenager ... I had an overwhelming desire to have a poem published in the school magazine. I wrote something deep and meaningful—which was promptly rejected—and I suppose I have been trying to get my own back ever since".[305] His first children's book was published by Faber & Faber in 2005, High in the Clouds: An Urban Furry Tail, a collaboration with writer Philip Ardagh and animator Geoff Dunbar. Featuring a squirrel whose woodland home is razed by developers, it had been scripted and sketched by McCartney and Dunbar over several years, as an animated film. The Observer labelled it an "anti-capitalist children's book".[306] "I think there's an urge in us to stop the terrible fleetingness of time. Music. Paintings ... Try and capture one bloody moment please."[307] —McCartney In 1981, McCartney asked Geoff Dunbar to direct a short animated film called Rupert and the Frog Song; McCartney was the writer and producer, and he also added some of the character voices.[308] In 1992, he worked with Dunbar on an animated film about the work of French artist Honoré Daumier, which won them a BAFTA award.[309] In 2004, they worked together on the animated short film Tropic Island Hum.[310] The accompanying single, "Tropic Island Hum"/"We All Stand Together", reached number 21 in the UK.[311] McCartney also produced and hosted The Real Buddy Holly Story, a 1985 documentary featuring interviews with Keith Richards, Phil and Don Everly, the Holly family, and others.[312] In 1995, he made a guest appearance on the Simpsons episode "Lisa the Vegetarian" and directed a short documentary about the Grateful Dead.[313] Business Since the Rich List began in 1989, McCartney has been the UK's wealthiest musician, with an estimated fortune of £730 million in 2015.[314] In addition to an interest in Apple Corps and MPL Communications, an umbrella company for his business interests, he owns a significant music publishing catalogue, with access to over 25,000 copyrights, including the publishing rights to the musicals Guys and Dolls, A Chorus Line, Annie and Grease.[315] He earned £40 million in 2003, the highest income that year within media professions in the UK.[316] This rose to £48.5 million by 2005.[317] McCartney's 18-date On the Run Tour grossed £37 million in 2012.[318] McCartney signed his first recording contract, as a member of the Beatles, with Parlophone Records, an EMI subsidiary, in June 1962. In the United States, the Beatles recordings were distributed by EMI subsidiary Capitol Records. The Beatles re-signed with EMI for another nine years in 1967. After forming their own record label, Apple Records, in 1968, the Beatles' recordings would be released through Apple although the masters were still owned by EMI.[31] Following the break-up of the Beatles, McCartney's music continued to be released by Apple Records under the Beatles' 1967 recording contract with EMI which ran until 1976. Following the formal dissolution of the Beatles' partnership in 1975, McCartney re-signed with EMI worldwide and Capitol in the US, Canada and Japan, acquiring ownership of his solo catalogue from EMI as part of the deal. In 1979, McCartney signed with Columbia Records in the US and Canada—reportedly receiving the industry's most lucrative recording contract to date, while remaining with EMI for distribution throughout the rest of the world.[319] As part of the deal, CBS offered McCartney ownership of Frank Music, publisher of the catalogue of American songwriter Frank Loesser. McCartney's album sales were below CBS' expectations and reportedly the company lost at least $9 million on the contract.[320] McCartney returned to Capitol in the US in 1985, remaining with EMI until 2006.[321] In 2007, McCartney signed with Hear Music, becoming the label's first artist. He remains there as of 2012[update]'s Kisses on the Bottom.[322] In 1963, Dick James established Northern Songs to publish the songs of Lennon–McCartney.[323] McCartney initially owned 20% of Northern Songs, which became 15% after a public stock offering in 1965. In 1969, James sold a controlling interest in Northern Songs to Lew Grade's Associated Television (ATV) after which McCartney and John Lennon sold their remaining shares although they remained under contract to ATV until 1973. In 1972, McCartney re-signed with ATV for seven years in a joint publishing agreement between ATV and McCartney Music. Since 1979, MPL Communications has published McCartney's songs. McCartney and Yoko Ono attempted to purchase the Northern Songs catalogue in 1981, but Grade declined their offer and decided to sell ATV in its entirety to businessman Robert Holmes à Court. Michael Jackson subsequently purchased ATV in 1985. McCartney has criticised Jackson's purchase and handling of Northern Songs over the years. In 1995, Jackson merged his catalogue with Sony for a reported £59,052,000 ($95 million), establishing Sony/ATV Music Publishing, in which he retained half-ownership.[324] Northern Songs was formally dissolved in 1995, and absorbed into the Sony/ATV catalogue.[325] McCartney receives writers' royalties which together are 33⅓ percent of total commercial proceeds in the US, and which vary elsewhere between 50 and 55 percent.[326] Two of the Beatles' earliest songs—"Love Me Do" and "P.S. I Love You"—were published by an EMI subsidiary, Ardmore & Beechwood, before signing with James. McCartney acquired their publishing rights from Ardmore in the mid-1980s, and they are the only two Beatles songs owned by MPL Communications.[327] Drugs McCartney first used drugs in the Beatles' Hamburg days, when they often used Preludin to maintain their energy while performing for long periods.[328] Bob Dylan introduced them to marijuana in a New York hotel room in 1964; McCartney recalls getting "very high" and "giggling uncontrollably".[329] His use of the drug soon became habitual, and according to Miles, McCartney wrote the lyrics "another kind of mind" in "Got to Get You into My Life" specifically as a reference to cannabis.[330] During the filming of Help!, McCartney occasionally smoked a joint in the car on the way to the studio during filming, and often forgot his lines.[331] Director Richard Lester overheard two physically attractive women trying to persuade McCartney to use heroin, but he refused.[331] Introduced to cocaine by Robert Fraser, McCartney used the drug regularly during the recording of Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, and for about a year total but stopped because of his dislike of the unpleasant melancholy he felt afterwards.[332] Initially reluctant to try LSD, McCartney eventually did so in late 1966, and took his second "acid trip" in March 1967, with Lennon, after a Sgt. Pepper studio session.[333] He later became the first Beatle to discuss the drug publicly, declaring, "It opened my eyes ... [and] made me a better, more honest, more tolerant member of society."[334] He made his attitude about cannabis public in 1967, when he, along with the other Beatles and Epstein, added his name to a July advertisement in The Times, which called for its legalisation, the release of those imprisoned for possession, and research into marijuana's medical uses.[335] In 1972, a Swedish court fined McCartney £1,000 for cannabis possession. Soon after, Scottish police found marijuana plants growing on his farm, leading to his 1973 conviction for illegal cultivation and a £100 fine. As a result of his drug convictions, the US government repeatedly denied him a visa until December 1973.[336] Arrested again for marijuana possession in 1975, in Los Angeles, Linda took the blame, and the court soon dismissed the charges. In January 1980, when Wings flew to Tokyo for a tour of Japan, customs officials found approximately 8 ounces (200 g) of cannabis in his luggage. They arrested McCartney and brought him to a local jail while the Japanese government decided what to do. After ten days, they released and deported him without charge.[337] In 1984, while McCartney was on holiday in Barbados, authorities arrested him for possession of marijuana and fined him $200.[338] Upon his return to England, he stated: "cannabis is ... less harmful than rum punch, whiskey, nicotine and glue, all of which are perfectly legal ... I don't think ... I was doing anyone any harm whatsoever."[339] In 1997, he spoke out in support of decriminalisation of the drug: "People are smoking pot anyway and to make them criminals is wrong."[293] He did however, decide to quit cannabis in 2015, citing a desire to set a good example for his grandchildren.[340] Vegetarianism and activism Vladimir Putin, McCartney, and Heather Mills in Moscow, 2003 Since 1975, McCartney has been a vegetarian;[341][342] he and his wife Linda were vegetarians for most of their 29-year marriage. They decided to stop consuming meat after Paul saw lambs in a field as they were eating a meal of lamb. Soon after, the couple became outspoken animal rights activists.[343] In his first interview after Linda's death, he promised to continue working for animal rights, and in 1999 he spent £3,000,000 to ensure Linda McCartney Foods remained free of genetically engineered ingredients.[344] In 1995, he narrated the documentary Devour the Earth, written by Tony Wardle.[345] McCartney is a supporter of the animal-rights organisation People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals.[346] He has appeared in the group's campaigns, and in 2009 McCartney narrated a video for them titled "Glass Walls", which was harshly critical of slaughterhouses, the meat industry, and their effect on animal welfare.[347][348][349][350] McCartney has also supported campaigns headed by the Humane Society of the United States, Humane Society International, World Animal Protection, and the David Shepherd Wildlife Foundation.[351][352] As of 2013, McCartney is vegan.[353] Following McCartney's marriage to Mills, he joined her in a campaign against land mines, becoming a patron of Adopt-A-Minefield.[354] In 2006, the McCartneys travelled to Prince Edward Island to raise international awareness of seal hunting. The couple debated with Danny Williams, Newfoundland's then Premier, on Larry King Live, stating that fishermen should stop hunting seals and start seal-watching businesses instead.[355] McCartney also supports the Make Poverty History campaign.[356] McCartney has participated in several charity recordings and performances, including the Concerts for the People of Kampuchea, Ferry Aid, Band Aid, Live Aid, Live 8, and the recording of "Ferry Cross the Mersey".[357] In 2004, he donated a song to an album to aid the "US Campaign for Burma", in support of Burmese Nobel Prize winner Aung San Suu Kyi. In 2008, he donated a song to Aid Still Required's CD, organised as an effort to raise funds to assist with the recovery from the devastation caused in Southeast Asia by the 2004 tsunami.[358] In 2009, McCartney wrote to Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama, asking him why he was not a vegetarian. As McCartney explained, "He wrote back very kindly, saying, 'my doctors tell me that I must eat meat'. And I wrote back again, saying, you know, I don't think that's right ... I think he's now being told ... that he can get his protein somewhere else ... It just doesn't seem right—the Dalai Lama, on the one hand, saying, 'Hey guys, don't harm sentient beings ... Oh, and by the way, I'm having a steak.'"[359] In 2012, McCartney joined the anti-fracking campaign Artists Against Fracking.[360] Save the Arctic is a campaign to protect the Arctic and an international outcry and a renewed focus concern on oil development in the Arctic, attracting the support of more than five million people. This includes McCartney, Archbishop Desmond Tutu and 11 Nobel Peace Prize winners.[361][362] In 2015, following British prime minister David Cameron's decision to give Members of Parliament a free vote on amending the law against fox hunting, McCartney was quoted: "The people of Britain are behind this Tory government on many things but the vast majority of us will be against them if hunting is reintroduced. It is cruel and unnecessary and will lose them support from ordinary people and animal lovers like myself."[363] Meditation In August 1967, McCartney met the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi at the London Hilton and later went to Bangor in North Wales to attend a weekend initiation conference, where he and the other Beatles learned the basics of Transcendental Meditation.[364] He said, "The whole meditation experience was very good and I still use the mantra ... I find it soothing."[365] In 2009, McCartney and Starr headlined a benefit concert at Radio City Music Hall, raising three million dollars for the David Lynch Foundation to fund instruction in Transcendental Meditation for at-risk youth.[366] Football McCartney has publicly professed support for Everton, and also shown favour for Liverpool.[367] In 2008, he ended speculation about his allegiance when he said, "Here's the deal: my father was born in Everton, my family are officially Evertonians, so if it comes down to a derby match or an FA Cup final between the two, I would have to support Everton. But after a concert at Wembley Arena I got a bit of a friendship with Kenny Dalglish, who had been to the gig and I thought 'You know what? I am just going to support them both because it's all Liverpool.'"[368]

Personal relationships Main article: Personal relationships of Paul McCartney Girlfriends Dot Rhone McCartney's first serious girlfriend in Liverpool was Dot Rhone, whom he met at the Casbah club in 1959.[369] According to Spitz, Rhone felt that McCartney had a compulsion to control situations. He often chose clothes and make-up for her, encouraging her to grow her hair out like Brigitte Bardot's, and at least once insisting she have it re-styled, to disappointing effect.[370] When McCartney first went to Hamburg with the Beatles, he wrote to Rhone regularly, and she accompanied Cynthia Lennon to Hamburg when they played there again in 1962.[371] The couple had a two-and-a-half-year relationship, and were due to marry until Rhone's miscarriage; according to Spitz, McCartney, now "free of obligation", ended the engagement.[372] Jane Asher McCartney first met British actress Jane Asher on 18 April 1963, when a photographer asked them to pose at a Beatles performance at the Royal Albert Hall in London.[373] The two began a relationship, and in November of that year he took up residence with Asher at her parents' home at 57 Wimpole Street, London.[374] They had lived there for more than two years before the couple moved to McCartney's own home in St. John's Wood, in March 1966.[375] He wrote several songs while living at the Ashers', including "Yesterday", "And I Love Her", "You Won't See Me" and "I'm Looking Through You", the latter three having been inspired by their romance.[376] They had a five-year relationship and planned to marry, but Asher broke off the engagement after she discovered he had become involved with Francie Schwartz.[377] Wives Linda Eastman McCartney performing with wife Linda in 1976 Linda Eastman was a music fan who once commented, "all my teen years were spent with an ear to the radio."[378] At times, she played hookey to see artists such as Fabian, Bobby Darin and Chuck Berry.[378] She became a popular photographer with several rock groups, including the Jimi Hendrix Experience, the Grateful Dead, the Doors and the Beatles, whom she first met at Shea Stadium in 1966. She commented, "It was John who interested me at the start. He was my Beatle hero. But when I met him the fascination faded fast, and I found it was Paul I liked."[379] The pair first properly met in 1967 at a Georgie Fame concert at The Bag O'Nails club, during her UK assignment to photograph rock musicians in London. As Paul remembers, "The night Linda and I met, I spotted her across a crowded club, and although I would normally have been nervous chatting her up, I realised I had to ... Pushiness worked for me that night!"[380] Linda said this about their meeting: "I was quite shameless really. I was with somebody else [that night] ... and I saw Paul at the other side of the room. He looked so beautiful that I made up my mind I would have to pick him up."[379] The pair married in 1969. About their relationship, Paul said, "We had a lot of fun together ... just the nature of how we are, our favourite thing really is to just hang, to have fun. And Linda's very big on just following the moment."[381] He added, "We were crazy. We had a big argument the night before we got married, and it was nearly called off ... [it's] miraculous that we made it. But we did."[382] After the Beatles' break-up, the two collaborated musically and formed Wings in 1971.[383] They faced derision from some fans and critics, who questioned her inclusion. She was nervous about performing with Paul, who explained, "she conquered those nerves, got on with it and was really gutsy."[384] Paul defended her musical ability: "I taught Linda the basics of the keyboard ... She took a couple of lessons and learned some bluesy things ... she did very well and made it look easier than it was ... The critics would say, 'She's not really playing' or 'Look at her—she's playing with one finger.' But what they didn't know is that sometimes she was playing a thing called a Minimoog, which could only be played with one finger. It was monophonic."[384] He went on to say, "We thought we were in it for the fun ... it was just something we wanted to do, so if we got it wrong—big deal. We didn't have to justify ourselves."[384] Former Wings guitarist McCullough said of collaborating with Linda, "trying to get things together with a learner in the group didn't work as far as I was concerned."[385] They had four children—Linda's daughter Heather (legally adopted by Paul), Mary, Stella and James—and remained married until Linda's untimely death from breast cancer at age 56 in 1998.[386] After Linda died, Paul stated in the Daily Mail, "I got a counsellor because I knew that I would need some help. He was great, particularly in helping me get rid of my guilt [about wishing I'd been] perfect all the time ... a real bugger. But then I thought, hang on a minute. We're just human. That was the beautiful thing about our marriage. We were just a boyfriend and girlfriend having babies."[387] Heather Mills In 2002, McCartney married Heather Mills, a former model and anti-landmines campaigner.[388] In 2003, the couple had a child, Beatrice Milly, named in honour of Mills' late mother, and one of McCartney's aunts.[176] They separated in April 2006 and divorced acrimoniously in March 2008.[389] In 2004, he commented on media animosity toward his partners: "[the British public] didn't like me giving up on Jane Asher ... I married [Linda], a New York divorcee with a child, and at the time they didn't like that".[390] Nancy Shevell McCartney married New Yorker Nancy Shevell in a civil ceremony at Old Marylebone Town Hall, London, on 9 October 2011. The wedding was a modest event attended by a group of about 30 relatives and friends.[195] The couple had been together since November 2007.[391] Shevell is vice-president of a family-owned transportation conglomerate which owns New England Motor Freight.[392] She is a former member of the board of the New York area's Metropolitan Transportation Authority.[393] Beatles This section is about social and other general interactions. For creative collaborations, see Collaborations between ex-Beatles. John Lennon Though McCartney had a strained relationship with Lennon, they briefly became close again in early 1974, and played music together on one occasion.[394] In later years, the two grew apart.[395] While McCartney would often phone Lennon, he was apprehensive about the reception he would receive. During one call, Lennon told him, "You're all pizza and fairytales!"[396] In an effort to avoid talking only about business, they often spoke of cats, babies, or baking bread.[397] On 24 April 1976, McCartney and Lennon were watching an episode of Saturday Night Live together at Lennon's home in the Dakota, when Lorne Michaels made a $3,000 cash offer for the Beatles to reunite. While they seriously considered going to the SNL studio a few blocks away, they decided it was too late. This was their last time together.[398] VH1 fictionalised this event in the 2000 television film Two of Us.[399] McCartney's last telephone call to Lennon, days before Lennon and Ono released Double Fantasy, was friendly; he said this about the call: "[It is] a consoling factor for me, because I do feel it was sad that we never actually sat down and straightened our differences out. But fortunately for me, the last phone conversation I ever had with him was really great, and we didn't have any kind of blow-up."[400] Reaction to Lennon's murder Main article: Death of John Lennon "John is kinda like a constant ... always there in my being ... in my soul, so I always think of him".[401] —McCartney, Guitar World, January 2000 On 9 December 1980, McCartney followed the news that Lennon had been murdered the previous night; Lennon's death created a media frenzy around the surviving members of the band.[402] McCartney was leaving an Oxford Street recording studio that evening when he was surrounded by reporters who asked him for his reaction; he responded: "It's a drag". The press quickly criticised him for what appeared to be a superficial response.[403] He later explained, "When John was killed somebody stuck a microphone at me and said: 'What do you think about it?' I said, 'It's a dra-a-ag' and meant it with every inch of melancholy I could muster. When you put that in print it says, 'McCartney in London today when asked for a comment on his dead friend said, "It's a drag".' It seemed a very flippant comment to make."[403] He described his first exchange with Ono after the murder, and his last conversation with Lennon: I talked to Yoko the day after he was killed, and the first thing she said was, "John was really fond of you." The last telephone conversation I had with him we were still the best of mates. He was always a very warm guy, John. His bluff was all on the surface. He used to take his glasses down, those granny glasses, and say, "it's only me." They were like a wall you know? A shield. Those are the moments I treasure.[403] In 1983, McCartney said, "I would not have been as typically human and standoffish as I was if I knew John was going to die. I would have made more of an effort to try and get behind his "mask" and have a better relationship with him."[403] He said that he went home that night, watched the news on television with his children and cried most of the evening. In 1997, he said that Lennon's death made the remaining ex-Beatles nervous that they might also be murdered.[404] He told Mojo magazine in 2002 that Lennon was his greatest hero.[405] In 1981, McCartney sang backup on Harrison's tribute to their ex-bandmate, "All Those Years Ago", which featured Starr on drums.[406] McCartney released "Here Today" in 1982, a song Everett described as "a haunting tribute" to McCartney's friendship with Lennon.[407] George Harrison Discussing his relationship with McCartney, Harrison said, "Paul would always help along when you'd done his ten songs—then when he got 'round to doing one of my songs, he would help. It was silly. It was very selfish, actually ... There were a lot of tracks, though, where I played bass ... because what Paul would do—if he'd written a song, he'd learn all the parts for Paul and then come in the studio and say (sometimes he was very difficult): 'Do this'. He'd never give you the opportunity to come out with something."[408] After Harrison's death in November 2001, McCartney said he was "a lovely guy and a very brave man who had a wonderful sense of humour". He went on to say, "We grew up together and we just had so many beautiful times together – that's what I am going to remember. I'll always love him, he's my baby brother."[409] On the first anniversary of his death, McCartney played Harrison's "Something" on a ukulele at the Concert for George.[410] He also performed "For You Blue" and "All Things Must Pass", and played the piano on Eric Clapton's rendition of "While My Guitar Gently Weeps".[411] Ringo Starr During a recording session for The Beatles in 1968, the two got into an argument over McCartney's critique of Starr's drum part for "Back in the U.S.S.R.", which contributed to Starr temporarily leaving the band.[412] Starr later commented on working with McCartney: "Paul is the greatest bass player in the world. But he is also very determined ... [to] get his own way ... [thus] musical disagreements inevitably arose from time to time."[413] McCartney and Starr collaborated on several post-Beatles projects starting in 1973, when McCartney contributed instrumentation and backing vocals for "Six O'Clock", a song McCartney wrote for Starr's album Ringo.[414] McCartney played a kazoo solo on another track from the album "You're Sixteen".[415] Starr appeared (as a fictional version of himself) in McCartney's 1984 film Give My Regards to Broad Street, and played drums on most tracks of the soundtrack album, which includes re-recordings of several McCartney-penned Beatles songs. Starr played drums and sang backing vocals on "Beautiful Night" from McCartney's 1997 album Flaming Pie. The pair collaborated again in 1998, on Starr's Vertical Man, which featured McCartney's backing vocals on three songs, and instrumentation on one.[416] In 2009, the pair performed "With a Little Help from My Friends" at a benefit concert for the David Lynch Foundation.[417] They collaborated on Starr's album Y Not in 2010. McCartney played bass on "Peace Dream", and sang a duet with Starr on "Walk with You".[418] On 7 July 2010, Starr was performing at Radio City Music Hall in New York with his All-Starr Band in a concert celebrating his seventieth birthday. After the encores, McCartney made a surprise appearance, performing the Beatles' song "Birthday" with Starr's band.[419] On 26 January 2014 McCartney and Starr performed "Queenie Eye" from McCartney's new album New at the 56th Annual Grammy Awards.[420] McCartney inducted Starr into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in April 2015, and plays bass on his 2017 album Give More Love.

Legacy Achievements McCartney was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1988 as a member of the Beatles and again as a solo artist in 1999. In 1979, the Guinness Book of World Records recognised McCartney as the "most honored composer and performer in music", with 60 gold discs (43 with the Beatles, 17 with Wings) and, as a member of the Beatles, sales of over 100 million singles and 100 million albums, and as the "most successful song writer", he wrote jointly or solo 43 songs which sold one million or more records between 1962 and 1978.[421] In 2009, Guinness World Records again recognised McCartney as the "most successful songwriter" having written or co-written 188 charted records in the United Kingdom, of which 91 reached the top 10 and 33 made it to number one.[422] McCartney has written, or co-written 32 number-one singles on the Billboard Hot 100: twenty with the Beatles; seven solo or with Wings; one as a co-writer of "A World Without Love", a number-one single for Peter and Gordon; one as a co-writer on Elton John's cover of "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds"; one as a co-writer on Stars on 45's "Medley"; one as a co-writer with Michael Jackson on "Say Say Say"; and one as writer on "Ebony and Ivory" performed with Stevie Wonder.[423] As of 2009[update], he has 15.5 million RIAA certified units in the United States as a solo artist plus another 10 million with Wings.[424] Credited with more number ones in the UK than any other artist, McCartney has participated in twenty-four chart topping singles: seventeen with the Beatles, one solo, and one each with Wings, Stevie Wonder, Ferry Aid, Band Aid, Band Aid 20 and "The Christians et al."[425][nb 47] He is the only artist to reach the UK number one as a soloist ("Pipes of Peace"), duo ("Ebony and Ivory" with Wonder), trio ("Mull of Kintyre", Wings), quartet ("She Loves You", the Beatles), quintet ("Get Back", the Beatles with Billy Preston) and as part of a musical ensemble for charity (Ferry Aid).[427] "Yesterday" is one of the most covered songs in history with more than 2,200 recorded versions, and according to the BBC, "the track is the only one by a UK writer to have been aired more than seven million times on American TV and radio and is third in the all-time list ... [and] is the most played song by a British writer [last] century in the US".[428] His 1968 Beatles composition "Hey Jude" achieved the highest sales in the UK that year and topped the US charts for nine weeks, which is longer than any other Beatles single. It was also the longest single released by the band and, at seven minutes eleven seconds, was at that time the longest number one.[429] "Hey Jude" is the best-selling Beatles single, achieving sales of over five million copies soon after its release.[430][nb 48] In July 2005, McCartney's performance of "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" with U2 at Live 8 became the fastest-released single in history. Available within forty-five minutes of its recording, hours later it had achieved number one on the UK Official Download Chart.[177] Awards and honours McCartney receiving the 2010 Gershwin Prize from US President Barack Obama. Main article: List of awards received by Paul McCartney 1971: Academy Award winner (as a member of the Beatles) 18-time Grammy Award winner: Nine as a member of the Beatles Six as a solo artist Two as a member of Wings One as part of a joint collaboration Two-time inductee – Rock and Roll Hall of Fame: Class of 1988 as a member of the Beatles Class of 1999 as a solo artist Member of the Order of the British Empire.[432][433] Planet 4148 named "McCartney" (International Astronomical Union's Minor Planet Center).[434] 1988: Honorary Doctor of the University degree from University of Sussex.[435] 1997: Knighted by Queen Elizabeth II for services to music.[436] 2000: Fellowship into the British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors.[437] 2008: BRIT Award for Outstanding Contribution to Music 2008: Honorary Doctor of Music degree from Yale University.[438] 2010: Gershwin Prize for his contributions to popular music.[439] 2010: Kennedy Center Honors.[440] 2012: Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.[441] 2012: Légion d'Honneur for his services to music.[442] 2012: MusiCares Person of the Year He was appointed Member of the Order of the Companions of Honour (CH) in the 2017 Birthday Honours for services to music.[443][444]

Discography Main article: Paul McCartney discography See also: The Beatles discography, Wings discography, and List of songs recorded by Paul McCartney Solo McCartney (1970) Ram (1971) (Paul & Linda McCartney) McCartney II (1980) Tug of War (1982) Pipes of Peace (1983) Give My Regards to Broad Street (1984) Press to Play (1986) CHOBA B CCCP (1988) (covers album) Flowers in the Dirt (1989) Off the Ground (1993) Flaming Pie (1997) Run Devil Run (1999) (covers album) Driving Rain (2001) Chaos and Creation in the Backyard (2005) Memory Almost Full (2007) Kisses on the Bottom (2012) (covers album) New (2013) Wings Wild Life (1971) Red Rose Speedway (1973) Band on the Run (1973) Venus and Mars (1975) Wings at the Speed of Sound (1976) London Town (1978) Back to the Egg (1979) Classical Paul McCartney's Liverpool Oratorio (1991) (with Carl Davis) Standing Stone (1997) Working Classical (1999) Ecce Cor Meum (2006) Ocean's Kingdom (2011) (dance score with Peter Martins) Other albums The Family Way (1966) (film score with George Martin) Thrillington (1977) (Percy "Thrills" Thrillington) Strawberries Oceans Ships Forest (1993) (the Fireman) Rushes (1998) (the Fireman) Liverpool Sound Collage (2000) (re-mix album) Twin Freaks (2005) (with the Freelance Hellraiser) Electric Arguments (2008) (the Fireman)

Filmography Film Year Title Role Notes 1964 Hard Day's Night !A Hard Day's Night Himself 1965 Help! Himself 1967 Magical Mystery Tour Himself / Major McCartney / Red-Nosed Magician (uncredited) Director (writer and producer uncredited) 1968 Yellow Submarine Himself (uncredited) 1970 Let It Be Himself Documentary 1982 Cooler !The Cooler Cowboy Short 1984 Give My Regards to Broad Street Himself 1985 Rupert and the Frog Song Rupert / Edward / Bill / Boy Frog (voice) Short 1987 Eat the Rich Banquet Rich Cameo 2001 Tuesday Himself (voice) Short 2009 Al's Brain in 3-D Man on the Street Short 2017 Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Men Tell No Tales Uncle Jack Cameo Television Year Title Role Notes 1995 Simpsons !The Simpsons Himself (voice) Episode: "Lisa the Vegetarian" 2005 Saturday Night Live Paul Simon Episode: "Alec Baldwin/Christina Aguilera" 2012 30 Rock Himself Episode: "Live from Studio 6H" (East Coast airing only) 2015 BoJack Horseman Himself (voice) Episode: "After the Party"

Tours Main articles: List of Paul McCartney concert tours and List of the Beatles' live performances Wings[445] Wings University Tour – 11 shows in the UK, 1972 Wings Over Europe Tour – 25 shows, 1972 Wings 1973 UK Tour – 21 shows, 1973 Wings Over the World tour – 66 shows, 1975–1976 Wings UK Tour 1979 – 20 shows, 1979 Solo[446] The Paul McCartney World Tour – 104 shows, 1989–1990 Unplugged Tour – 6 shows in Europe, 1991 The New World Tour – 79 shows, 1993 Driving World Tour – 58 shows, 2002 Back in the World tour – 33 shows, 2003 '04 Summer Tour – 14 shows worldwide, 2004 The 'US' Tour – 37 shows, 2005 Secret Tour 2007 – 6 shows in Europe and the US, 2007 Summer Live '09 – 10 shows in North America, 2009 Good Evening Europe Tour – 8 shows, 2009 Up and Coming Tour – 38 shows worldwide, 2010–2011 On the Run Tour – 38 shows worldwide, 2011–2012 Out There Tour – 91 shows worldwide, 2013–2015 One on One – 78 shows worldwide, 2016–2017

See also Book: Paul McCartney Paul is dead – an urban legend alleging that McCartney died in 1966 and was replaced by a look-alike The Beatles portal Guitar portal Pop music portal Rock music portal

Notes ^ Jim McCartney's father Joe played an E-flat tuba.[15] Jim pointed out the bass parts in songs on the radio, and often took his sons to local brass band concerts.[16] ^ During their extended stays there over the next two years, they performed as the resident group at the Indra, and later the Kaiserkeller, both owned by Bruno Koschmider. Periodically, the band received breaks from playing in Hamburg and returned to Liverpool, performing regularly at the Cavern Club.[26] ^ In 1963, the Beatles released two studio albums: Please Please Me and With the Beatles. Two more albums followed in 1964: A Hard Day's Night and Beatles for Sale.[31] ^ McCartney co-wrote (with Lennon) several of their early hits, including "I Saw Her Standing There", "She Loves You", "I Want to Hold Your Hand" (1963) and "Can't Buy Me Love" (1964).[32] ^ Also included on Revolver was "Here, There and Everywhere", a McCartney composition which is his second favourite after "Yesterday".[45] ^ Written by McCartney as a commentary on his childhood in Liverpool, "Penny Lane" featured a piccolo trumpet solo inspired by Bach's second Brandenburg concerto.[55] ^ The Sgt. Pepper cover piqued a frenzy of analysis.[58] ^ The Beatles was the band's first Apple Records LP release; the label was a subsidiary of Apple Corps, a conglomerate formed as part of Epstein's plan to reduce the group's taxes.[69] ^ When the Beatles were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1988, their first year of eligibility, McCartney did not attend the ceremony, stating that unresolved legal disputes would make him "feel like a complete hypocrite waving and smiling with [Harrison and Starr] at a fake reunion".[75] ^ The Beatles released twenty-two UK singles and twelve LPs, of which seventeen singles and eleven LPs reached number one on various charts.[76] The band topped the US Billboard Hot 100 twenty times, and recorded fourteen number-one albums, as Lennon and McCartney became one of the most celebrated songwriting partnerships of the 20th century.[77] McCartney was the primary writer of five of their last six US number-one singles: "Hello, Goodbye" (1967), "Hey Jude" (1968), "Get Back (1969)", "Let It Be" and "The Long and Winding Road" (1970).[78] ^ McCartney peaked in the UK at number two, spending thirty-two weeks in the charts.[84] ^ Wings' first album together, Wild Life, reached the top ten in the US and the top twenty in the UK, staying on the UK charts for nine weeks.[87] ^ In May 1973, Wings began a 21-show tour of the UK, this time with supporting act Brinsley Schwarz.[90] ^ "Live and Let Die" became a staple of McCartney's live shows, its modern sound well-suited for the pyrotechnics and laser light displays Wings employed during their 1970s stadium performances.[95] ^ Band on the Run became the UK's first platinum LP.[98] ^ In 1974, McCartney hired guitarist Jimmy McCulloch and drummer Geoff Britton to replace McCullough and Seiwell. Britton subsequently quit during recording sessions in 1975 and was replaced by Joe English.[101] ^ Wings at the Speed of Sound peaked in the UK at number 2, spending 35 weeks in the charts. In the UK, NME was alone in ranking the album number 1. The LP reached number 1 on three charts in the US.[103] ^ In 1977, McCartney released the album Thrillington, an orchestral arrangement of Ram, under the pseudonym Percy "Thrills" Thrillington, with a cover designed by Hipgnosis.[108] ^ During the production of London Town, McCulloch and English quit Wings; they were replaced by guitarist Laurence Juber and drummer Steve Holly.[110] ^ Other factors in Wings' split included tension caused by the disappointment of their last effort, Back to the Egg, and McCartney's 1980 marijuana bust in Japan, which resulted in the cancelling of the tour and caused a major loss of wages for the group. Laine claimed that a significant cause of their dissolution was McCartney's reluctance to tour, fearing for his personal safety after the 1980 murder of Lennon. McCartney's then-spokesman said, "Paul is doing other things, that's all".[116] ^ Wings produced a total of seven studio albums, two of which topped the UK charts and four the US charts. Their live triple LP, Wings over America, was one of only a few live albums ever to achieve the top spot in America.[117] They made six US Billboard number-one singles, including "Listen to What the Man Said" and "Silly Love Songs", as well as eight top-ten singles. They achieved eight RIAA-certified platinum singles and six platinum albums in the US.[96] In the UK, they achieved one number-one and twelve top-ten singles, as well as two number-one LPs.[118] ^ Tug of War was a number-one album in both the UK and the US.[120] ^ Pipes of Peace peaked in the UK at number 4, spending 23 weeks in the charts. The LP reached number 15 in the US and is McCartney's most recently recorded RIAA certified platinum studio album as of 2012[update].[123] ^ "Spies Like Us" peaked in the UK at number 13 spending 10 weeks in the charts. The single reached number 7 in the US and is McCartney's most recently recorded US top-ten as of 2012.[128] ^ Press to Play reached number 8 in the UK, and number 30 in the US.[131] ^ In 1989, "Ferry Cross the Mersey" reached number 1 in the UK.[134] ^ Flowers in the Dirt is McCartney's most recent UK number-one album as of 2012; it reached number 21 in the US.[136] ^ Tripping the Live Fantastic reached number 17 in the UK and number 26 in the US.[140] ^ During the ten-month, 104-show Tripping the Live Fantastic tour, McCartney played as many as fourteen Beatles songs a night, comprising nearly half the performance.[141] ^ Unplugged: The Official Bootleg reached number 7 in the UK and number 14 in the US.[147] ^ Off the Ground reached number 5 in the UK and number 17 in the US.[150] ^ Paul is Live reached number 34 in the UK and number 78 in the US.[152] ^ For the New World Tour, Whitten was replaced by drummer Blair Cunningham.[153] McCartney's 1993 tour of the US was the second highest grossing effort of the year in America, bringing in $32.3 million from twenty-four shows.[154] ^ Flaming Pie reached number 2 in the UK and the US. It also yielded McCartney's highest charting UK top-twenty hit song as of 2012[update], "Young Boy", which reached number 19.[158] ^ Run Devil Run reached number 12 in the UK and number 27 in the US.[161] ^ Driving Rain reached number 46 in the UK and number 26 in the US.[167] ^ Back in the US reached number 8 in the US, and Back in the World reached number 5 in the UK.[170] ^ During the Driving World Tour McCartney performed twenty-three Beatles songs in a thirty-six song set, including an all-Beatles encore.[141] ^ In June 2005, McCartney released the electronica album Twin Freaks, a collaborative project with bootleg producer and remixer Freelance Hellraiser consisting of remixed versions of songs from his solo career.[178] ^ Chaos and Creation in the Backyard is McCartney's most recent top-ten album as of 2012[update]. It reached number 10 in the UK, and number 6 in the US. It was supported by a UK top-twenty hit single, his most recent as of 2014[update], "Fine Line", which failed to chart in the US, and "Jenny Wren", which reached number 22 in the UK.[180] ^ McCartney followed the release of Chaos and Creation in the Backyard with the 'US' Tour, the tenth top earning act of 2005 in the US, taking in over $17 million in ticket sales for eight shows. During the opening performance of the tour, he played thirty-five songs, of which twenty-three were Beatles tracks.[181] ^ Ecce Cor Meum reached number 2 on the classical charts in both the UK and the US.[182] ^ Memory Almost Full reached number 3 in the US and spending fifteen weeks in the charts. As of 2014[update], it remains McCartney's most recent top-five album.[184] ^ Electric Arguments reached number 67 on the Billboard 200 and number one on the Independent Albums chart.[186] ^ In November 2010, iTunes made available the official canon of thirteen Beatles studio albums, Past Masters and the 1962–1966 and 1967–1970 greatest-hits compilations, making the group among the last of the seminal classic rock artists to offer their music for sale on the digital marketplace.[192] ^ McCartney's band performed thirty-seven songs during 8 May 2012, performance in Mexico City, twenty-three of which were Beatles tracks.[198] ^ As of 2012[update], Elvis Presley has achieved the most UK number-ones as a solo artist with eighteen.[426] ^ "Hey Jude" was covered by several prominent artists, including Elvis Presley, Bing Crosby, Count Basie and Wilson Pickett.[431]

Citations ^ "Paul McCartney". Front Row. 26 December 2012. BBC Radio 4. Archived from the original on 20 February 2014. Retrieved 18 January 2014.  ^ Newman, Jason (23 August 2011). "It Takes Two: 10 Songwriting Duos That Rocked Music History". Retrieved 5 October 2017. By any measure, no one comes close to matching the success of The Beatles' primary songwriters.  ^ "20 Forthlin Road". Archived from the original on 24 September 2015.  ^ Spitz 2005, p. 75. ^ Miles 1997, p. 4: (primary source); Benitez 2010, p. 1: (secondary source). ^ Benitez 2010, p. 1: Transferred to Joseph Williams Junior School due to overcrowding at Stockton; Carlin 2009, p. 13: Transferred to Joseph Williams in 1949. ^ For his attendance at Joseph Williams Junior School see: "Beatle's schoolboy photo auction". BBC News. 16 August 2009. Archived from the original on 2 May 2012. Retrieved 13 June 2012. ; For McCartney passing the 11-plus exam see: Miles 1997, p. 9: (primary source); Benitez 2010, pp. 1–2: (secondary source). ^ Benitez 2010, p. 2: The two soon became friends, "I tended to talk down to him because he was a year younger"; Spitz 2005, pp. 82–83: On grammar school versus secondary modern, 125: On meeting Harrison. ^ Playboy Interview, December 1984 ^ Benitez 2010, p. 2: "Mary was the family's primary wage earner"; Harry 2002, pp. 340–341: "where they lived through 1964". ^ Miles 1997, p. 6. ^ Benitez 2010, p. 2: On Mary's death (secondary source); Miles 1997, p. 20: On Mary's death (primary source); Womack 2007, p. 10: Mary died from an embolism. ^ Miles 1997, p. 31. ^ Miles 1997, pp. 22–23. ^ Spitz 2005, p. 71. ^ Miles 1997, pp. 23–24. ^ Miles 1997, p. 21: Jim gave McCartney a nickel-plated trumpet which was later traded for a Zenith acoustic guitar; Spitz 2005, p. 86: when rock and roll became popular on Radio Luxembourg. ^ Miles 1997, p. 21. ^ Harry 2002, pp. 509: McCartney: "The first song I ever sang in public was "Long Tall Sally"., 533–534: Harry: "Long Tall Sally", was "The first number Paul ever sang on stage". ^ Spitz 2005, p. 93. ^ Spitz 2005, p. 95: "The Quarrymen played a spirited set of songs—half skiffle, half rock 'n roll". ^ Lewisohn 1992, p. 18. ^ Lewisohn 1992, pp. 18–22. ^ Lewisohn 1992, pp. 17–25. ^ Miles 2001, pp. 23–24: Williams booking for them to perform in Hamburg; Spitz 2005, p. 200: Williams booking them in Hamburg in 1960, Spitz 2005, p. 243: "Williams had never formally served as the Beatles manager". ^ Lewisohn 1992, pp. 21–25: Hamburg, Lewisohn 1992, p. 31: the Cavern Club ^ Miles 1997, p. 74: McCartney: "Nobody wants to play bass, or nobody did in those days".;Gould 2007, p. 89: On McCartney playing bass when Sutcliffe was indisposed., Gould 2007, p. 94: "Sutcliffe gradually began to withdraw from active participation in the Beatles, ceding his role as the group's bassist to Paul McCartney". ^ Spitz 2005, pp. 249–251. ^ Miles 1997, pp. 84–88. ^ Lewisohn 1992, p. 59: "Love Me Do", Lewisohn 1992, p. 75: Replacing Best with Starr., Lewisohn 1992, pp. 88–94: "Beatlemania" in the UK., Lewisohn 1992, pp. 136–140: "Beatlemania" in the US; Miles 1997, p. 470: the cute Beatle; Spitz 2005, p. 330: Starr joining the Beatles in August 1962. ^ a b c d Lewisohn 1992, pp. 350–351. ^ For song authorship see: Harry 2002, p. 90: "Can't Buy Me Love", Harry 2002, p. 439: "I Saw Her Standing There"; Harry 2000a, pp. 561–562: "I Want to Hold Your Hand"; and MacDonald 2005, pp. 66–68: "I Saw Her Standing There", MacDonald 2005, pp. 83–85: "She Loves You", MacDonald 2005, pp. 99–103: "I Want to Hold Your Hand", MacDonald 2005, pp. 104–107: "Can't Buy Me Love", MacDonald 2005, pp. 171–172; For release dates, US and UK peak chart positions of the preceding songs see: Lewisohn 1992, pp. 350–351. ^ Buk 1996, p. 51: Their first recording that involved only a single band member; Gould 2007, p. 278: The group's first recorded use of classical music elements in their music. ^ MacDonald 2005, pp. 157–158: "Yesterday" as the most covered song in history. ^ MacDonald 2005, p. 172. ^ Levy 2005, p. 18: Rubber Soul is described by critics as an advancement of the band's music; Brown & Gaines 2002, pp. 181–82: As they explored facets of romance and philosophy in their lyrics. ^ MacDonald 2005, pp. 169–170: "In My Life" as a highlight of the Beatles catalogue.; Spitz 2005, p. 587: Both Lennon and McCartney have claimed lead authorship for "In My Life". ^ The Beatles 2000, p. 197. ^ Harry 2000b, p. 780. ^ Gould 2007, p. 348. ^ MacDonald 2005, p. 195: The first of three consecutive McCartney A-sides; Lewisohn 1992, pp. 350–351: Revolver's release was preceded by "Paperback Writer". ^ The Beatles 2000, p. 214: "the forerunner of videos"; Lewisohn 1992, pp. 221–222: The films aired on The Ed Sullivan Show and Top of the Pops. ^ Gould 2007, p. 350: "neoclassical tour de force", Gould 2007, p. 402: "a true hybrid". ^ Harry 2002, pp. 313–316. ^ Everett 1999, p. 328. ^ Harry 2000a, p. 970. ^ Lewisohn 1992, p. 230. ^ Blaney 2007, p. 8. ^ Harry 2000a, p. 970: Rock's first concept album; MacDonald 2005, p. 254: McCartney sensed unease among the bandmates and wanted them to maintain creative productivity. ^ Miles 1997, p. 303: McCartney creating a new identity for the group. ^ Miles 1997, p. 303. ^ Lewisohn 1992, p. 232. ^ Emerick & Massey 2006, p. 170: Flanging and ADT use, Emerick & Massey 2006, p. 190: "we were utilising a lot of tape varispeeding", Emerick & Massey 2006, p. 192: "The Beatles were looking to go out on a limb". ^ Emerick & Massey 2006, p. 158: Martin and McCartney took turns conducting; Gould 2007, pp. 387–388: Recording "A Day in the Life" required a forty-piece orchestra. ^ Sounes 2010, pp. 161–162. ^ MacDonald 2005, p. 245. ^ Gould 2007, pp. 391–395: The Sgt. Pepper cover featured the Beatles as the imaginary band alluded to in the album's title track, standing with a host of celebrities (secondary source); The Beatles 2000, p. 248: Standing with a host of celebrities (primary source); Miles 1997, p. 333: On McCartney's design for the Sgt. Pepper cover (primary source); Sounes 2010, p. 168: On McCartney's design for the Sgt. Pepper cover (secondary source). ^ Gould 2007, pp. 391–395: The Sgt. Pepper cover attracted curiosity and analysis; Miles 1997, p. 333: On McCartney's design for the Sgt. Pepper cover (primary source); Sounes 2010, p. 168: On McCartney's design for the Sgt. Pepper cover (secondary source). ^ The Beatles 2000, p. 236: The growing influence of hippie style on the Beatles; Gould 2007, p. 385: "spoofed the vogue in Britain for military fashions". ^ Kastan 2006, p. 139. ^ Wenner & George-Warren 2000, pp. 24–25. ^ Brown & Gaines 2002, p. 247. ^ a b Benitez 2010, pp. 8–9. ^ Lewisohn 1992, pp. 238–239. ^ Gould 2007, pp. 455–456. ^ Harry 2000a, p. 699. ^ Gould 2007, p. 487: Critical response; Lewisohn 1992, p. 278: Filming of the promotional trailer, Lewisohn 1992, p. 304: Yellow Submarine soundtrack release. ^ Lewisohn 1992, pp. 276–304. ^ Gould 2007, p. 470: Apple Corps formed as part of Epstein's business plan; Lewisohn 1992, p. 278: The Beatles' first Apple Records LP release. ^ Brown & Gaines 2002, p. 299: "We've been very negative since Mr. Epstein passed away"; Lewisohn 1992, pp. 276–304: The White Album, Lewisohn 1992, pp. 304–314: Let It Be. ^ Sounes 2010, pp. 171–172: Paul and Linda's first meeting; Sounes 2010, pp. 245–248: On their wedding; Sounes 2010, p. 261: On the birth of their first child Mary. ^ a b Gould 2007, p. 563. ^ Gould 2007, pp. 593–594. ^ Lewisohn 1992, p. 349: McCartney's departure from the Beatles (secondary source); Miles 1998, pp. 314–316: McCartney's departure from the Beatles (primary source); Spitz 2005, pp. 243, 819–821: Lennon's personal appointment of Klein, Spitz 2005, pp. 832–833: McCartney's disagreement with Lennon, Harrison, and Starr over Klein's management of the Beatles. ^ Harry 2002, p. 753. ^ Roberts 2005, p. 54. ^ Lewisohn 1992, pp. 350–351: US and UK singles and album release dates with peak chart positions; Gould 2007, pp. 8–9: "one of the greatest phenomena in the history of mass entertainment", "widely regarded as the greatest concentration of singing, songwriting, and all-around musical talent that the rock'n'roll era has produced"; Spitz 2005, p. 856: "not anything like anything else ... [a] vastness of talent ... of genius, incomprehensible". ^ For song authorship see: MacDonald 2005, pp. 333–334: "Get Back", MacDonald 2005, pp. 272–273: "Hello, Goodbye", MacDonald 2005, pp. 302–304: "Hey Jude", MacDonald 2005, pp. 337–338: "Let it Be", MacDonald 2005, pp. 339–341: "The Long and Winding Road"; For release dates, US and UK peak chart positions of the preceding songs see: Lewisohn 1992, pp. 350–351. ^ Unterberger, Richie. Paul McCartney at AllMusic. Retrieved 5 July 2013. ^ Heatley, Michael; Hopkinson, Frank. The Girl in the Song: The Real Stories Behind 50 Rock Classics, Pavilion Books (2010) e-book ^ "Maybe I’m Amazed" Archived 2 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine., The Beatles Bible ^ Lewisohn 2002, p. 29. ^ Harry 2002, pp. 556–563: McCartney; Blaney 2007, p. 31: McCartney, a US number one. ^ Roberts 2005, p. 312: Peak UK chart position and weeks on charts for McCartney. ^ Ingham 2009, pp. 105: Ram, 114–115: "Uncle Albert/Admiral Halsey"; McGee 2003, p. 245: Peak US chart positions for Ram. ^ Lewisohn 2002, p. 7. ^ McGee 2003, p. 245: Peak UK and US chart positions for Wild Life; Roberts 2005, p. 312: Peak UK chart position and weeks on chart for Wild Life. ^ Sounes 2010, pp. 287–288: Birth of Stella; Harry 2002, pp. 613–615: Stella McCartney. ^ Harry 2002, p. 845: "traveled across the UK"; Ingham 2009, p. 106: "Scrupulously avoiding Beatles songs". ^ a b Harry 2002, p. 847. ^ Harry 2002, p. 845. ^ Harry 2002, pp. 641–642: "My Love", Harry 2002, pp. 744–745: Red Rose Speedway; McGee 2003, p. 245: Peak US chart positions for Red Rose Speedway; Roberts 2005, p. 312: Peak UK chart position for Red Rose Speedway. ^ Harry 2002, pp. 515–516: "Live and Let Die"; Harry 2002, pp. 641–642: "My Love". ^ Benitez 2010, p. 50: "symphonic rock at its best"; Harry 2002, pp. 515–516: "Live and Let Die" US chart peak; Roberts 2005, p. 311: "Live and Let Die" UK chart peak. ^ Sounes 2010, p. 304: Pyrotechnics; Sounes 2010, p. 329: Laser lighting display; Sounes 2010, p. 440: Performing "Live and Let Die" with pyrotechnics, 1993; Sounes 2010, pp. 512–513: Performing "Live and Let Die" with pyrotechnics, 2002. ^ a b McGee 2003, pp. 248–249. ^ Benitez 2010, pp. 51–60: Band on the Run; Roberts 2005, p. 312: Band on the Run a number-one album in the UK with 124 weeks on the charts. ^ McGee 2003, p. 60. ^ Harry 2002, pp. 53–54: "Band on the Run" (single). ^ Benitez 2010, p. 57: "Helen Wheels", Benitez 2010, p. 58: Positive critical response to Band on the Run; Harry 2002, pp. 466–467: Jet; Levy 2005, p. 203: the 413th spot on Rolling Stone's list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. ^ Benitez 2010, pp. 61–62. ^ Harry 2002, pp. 882–883: Venus and Mars, Harry 2002, pp. 910–911: Wings at the Speed of Sound; Roberts 2005, p. 312: Peak UK chart position for Venus and Mars. ^ McGee 2003, p. 245: NME ranking Wings at the Speed of Sound number 1, and the LP was number 1 on three charts in the US; Roberts 2005, p. 312: Peak UK chart position and weeks on charts for Wings at the Speed of Sound. ^ Blaney 2007, p. 116: "And for the first time, McCartney included songs associated with the Beatles, something he'd been unwilling to do previously"; Harry 2002, pp. 848–850: Wings Over the World Tour; Ingham 2009, p. 107: "featuring a modest handful of McCartney's Beatle tunes"; McGee 2003, p. 85: "Paul decided it would be a mistake not to ... [perform] a few Beatles songs." ^ Harry 2002, pp. 912–913: Wings over America; Lewisohn 2002, p. 83: "After extensive rehearsals in London". ^ Carlin 2009, pp. 247–248: Birth of James; Doggett 2009, p. 264: one of the best-selling singles in UK chart history. ^ Ingham 2009, pp. 107–108: "Mull of Kintyre"; Benitez 2010, p. 86: "the biggest hit of McCartney's career". ^ Harry 2002, pp. 840–841: Thrillington Hipgnosis cover art; Lewisohn 2002, p. 168: Thrillington. ^ Blaney 2007, pp. 122–125. ^ Benitez 2010, p. 79. ^ Harry 2002, pp. 42–43: Back to the Egg, Harry 2002, pp. 530–532: London Town, Harry 2002, pp. 758–760: the Rockestra; Ingham 2009, p. 108: London Town and Back to the Egg; McGee 2003, p. 245: Back to the Egg certified platinum. ^ Harry 2002, pp. 845–851: Wings tours details, Harry 2002, pp. 850–851: Wings UK Tour 1979; Ingham 2009, p. 108: Wings UK Tour 1979. ^ Harry 2002, p. 578: He composed all the music and performed the instrumentation himself; Lewisohn 2002, p. 167: McCartney II a UK number-one, and a US top-five. ^ Benitez 2010, pp. 100–103: McCartney II; Blaney 2007, pp. 136–137: "Coming Up". ^ Benitez 2010, pp. 96–97. ^ Benitez 2010, pp. 96–97: On Wings' April dissolution, McCartney fearing for his personal safety and the commercial disappointment of Back to the Egg; Blaney 2007, p. 132: "Back to the Egg spent only eight weeks in the British charts, the shortest chart run of any Wings album".; Doggett 2009, pp. 276: "Paul is doing other things, that's all".; George-Warren 2001, p. 626: McCartney's reluctance to tour for fear of his personal safety; McGee 2003, p. 144: On McCartney's reluctance to tour out of fear for his personal safety, and Laine's statement that this was a significant contributing factor to Wings' dissolution. ^ Ingham 2009, pp. 109–110: Wings disbanded in 1981; McGee 2003, p. 245: US and UK chart positions of Wings' LPs; Harry 2002, pp. 904–910: Wings, 912–913: Wings over America; Lewisohn 2002, p. 163: one of few live albums ever to achieve the top spot in America. ^ McGee 2003, pp. 244–245: Wings' US and UK singles and albums chart positions; Harry 2002, pp. 511–512: "Listen to What the Man Said", 788: "Silly Love Songs" ^ Harry 2002, p. 311: "Ebony and Ivory"; Harry 2002, pp. 361–362: "The Girl Is Mine"; Harry 2002, p. 820: Eric Stewart. ^ Blaney 2007, p. 153. ^ American Top 40 replay. Green Bay, Wisconsin. 22 May 1982. Event occurs at 9:55am.  ^ Harry 2002, pp. 720–722: Pipes of Peace album and song., Harry 2002, pp. 776–777: "Say Say Say"; Roberts 2005, p. 311: Last UK number one single; For the peak US chart position of Pipes of Peace see: Blaney 2007, p. 159. ^ For the RIAA database see: "RIAA: Searchable Database". the Recording Industry Association of America. Archived from the original on 30 August 2014. Retrieved 24 June 2012. ; Roberts 2005, p. 312: Peak UK chart position and weeks on charts for Pipes of Peace; Blaney 2007, p. 159: US chart peak for Pipes of Peace. ^ Harry 2002, pp. 365–374: Give My Regards to Broad Street (film); Harry 2002, p. 817: Starr in Give My Regards to Broad Street. ^ Ebert, Roger (1 January 1984). "Give My Regards to Broad Street review". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on 22 July 2012. 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Sources Babiuk, Andy; Bacon, Tony (editor) (2002). Beatles Gear: All the Fab Four's Instruments, from Stage to Studio (Revised ed.). Backbeat Books. ISBN 978-0-87930-731-8. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Bacon, Tony; Morgan, Gareth (2006). Paul McCartney – Bass Master – Playing the Great Beatles Basslines (1st ed.). Backbeat Books. ISBN 978-0-87930-884-1.  Badman, Keith (1999). The Beatles After the Breakup 1970–2000: A Day-by-Day Diary (2001 ed.). Omnibus. ISBN 978-0-7119-8307-6.  Benitez, Vincent Perez (2010). The Words and Music of Paul McCartney: The Solo Years. Praeger. ISBN 978-0-313-34969-0.  Blaney, John (2007). Lennon and McCartney: Together Alone (1st ed.). Jawbone Press. ISBN 978-1-906002-02-2.  Bronson, Fred (1992). The Billboard Book of Number One Hits (3rd revised ed.). Billboard Books. ISBN 978-0-8230-8298-8.  Brown, Peter; Gaines, Steven (2002). The Love You Make: An Insider's Story of The Beatles. New American Library. ISBN 978-0-451-20735-7.  Buk, Askold (1996). "Strum Together". Guitar World: Acoustic (17).  Carlin, Peter Ames (2009). Paul McCartney: A Life. Touchstone. ISBN 978-1-4165-6209-2.  Doggett, Peter (2009). You Never Give Me Your Money: The Beatles After the Breakup (1st US hardcover ed.). Harper. ISBN 978-0-06-177446-1.  Emerick, Geoff; Massey, Howard (2006). Here, There and Everywhere: My Life Recording the Music of The Beatles. Gotham. ISBN 978-1-59240-269-4.  Everett, Walter (1999). The Beatles as Musicians: Revolver through the Anthology. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-512941-0.  George-Warren, Holly, ed. (2001). The Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock & Roll (2005 revised and updated ed.). Fireside. ISBN 978-0-7432-9201-6.  Gould, Jonathan (2007). Can't Buy Me Love: The Beatles, Britain and America (First Paperback ed.). Three Rivers Press. ISBN 978-0-307-35338-2.  Graff, Gary (January 2000). "Yesterday & Today". Guitar World. 20 (1).  Glenday, Craig (editor) (2008). Guinness World Records 2009. Guinness World Records Ltd. ISBN 978-1-904994-37-4. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Harry, Bill (2000a). The Beatles Encyclopedia: Revised and Updated. Virgin. ISBN 978-0-7535-0481-9.  Harry, Bill (2003). The George Harrison Encyclopedia. Virgin. ISBN 978-0-7535-0822-0.  Harry, Bill (2000b). The John Lennon Encyclopedia. Virgin. ISBN 978-0-7535-0404-8.  Harry, Bill (2002). The Paul McCartney Encyclopedia. Virgin. ISBN 978-0-7535-0716-2.  Ingham, Chris (2009). The Rough Guide to The Beatles (3rd ed.). Rough Guides. ISBN 978-1-84836-525-4.  Jisi, Chris (October 2005). "He Can Work It Out". Bass Player. 16 (10).  Kastan, David Scott (2006). Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literature. 1. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-516921-8.  Levy, Joe (editor) (2005). Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time (First Paperback ed.). Wenner Books. ISBN 978-1-932958-61-4. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Lewisohn, Mark (1992). The Complete Beatles Chronicle:The Definitive Day-By-Day Guide to the Beatles' Entire Career (2010 ed.). Chicago Review Press. ISBN 978-1-56976-534-0.  Lewisohn, Mark (editor) (2002). Wingspan: Paul McCartney's Band on the Run. Little, Brown. ISBN 978-0-316-86032-1. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) "Most Excellent Order of the British Empire". The London Gazette (supplement). 4 June 1965. Archived from the original on 11 January 2009. Retrieved 11 May 2010.  MacDonald, Ian (2005). Revolution in the Head: The Beatles' Records and the Sixties (3rd (2007) ed.). Chicago Review Press. ISBN 978-1-55652-733-3.  McCartney, Paul; Mitchell, Adrian (editor) (2001). Blackbird singing: Poems and Lyrics 1965–1999. W. W. Norton and Company Inc. ISBN 978-0-393-02049-6. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) McGee, Garry (2003). Band on the Run: A History of Paul McCartney and Wings. Taylor Trade. ISBN 978-0-87833-304-2.  Miles, Barry (1997). Paul McCartney: Many Years From Now (1st Hardcover ed.). Henry Holt & Company. ISBN 978-0-8050-5248-0.  Miles, Barry (1998). The Beatles: A Diary—An Intimate Day by Day History (2009 ed.). JG Press. ISBN 978-1-57215-010-2.  Miles, Barry (2001). The Beatles Diary Volume 1: The Beatles Years. Omnibus. ISBN 978-0-7119-8308-3.  Molenda, Michael (November 2005). "Here, There, and Everywhere". Guitar Player. 39 (11).  Mulhern, Tom (July 1990). "Paul McCartney". Guitar Player. 24, No.7 (246).  Roberts, David (editor) (2005). British Hit Singles & Albums (18 ed.). Guinness World Records Limited. ISBN 978-1-904994-00-8. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Sandford, Christopher (2006). McCartney. Carroll & Graf. ISBN 978-0-7867-1614-2.  Sheff, David; Golson, G. Barry (editor) (1981). The Playboy Interviews with John Lennon & Yoko Ono. Playboy Press. ISBN 0-87223-705-2. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Sounes, Howard (2010). Fab: An Intimate Life of Paul McCartney. Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-81783-0.  Southall, Brian; Perry, Rupert (contributor) (2006). Northern Songs: The True Story of the Beatles Song Publishing Empire. Omnibus. ISBN 978-1-84609-237-4.  Spitz, Bob (2005). The Beatles: The Biography. Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 978-0-316-80352-6.  The Beatles (2000). The Beatles Anthology. Chronicle Books. ISBN 978-0-8118-3636-4.  Wenner, Jann; George-Warren, Holly (editor) (2000). Lennon Remembers. Verso. ISBN 1-85984-600-9. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Womack, Kenneth (2007). Long and Winding Roads: The Evolving Artistry of the Beatles. Continuum. ISBN 978-0-8264-1746-6. 

Further reading Barrow, Tony (2005). John, Paul, George, Ringo & Me: The Real Beatles Story. Thunder's Mouth. ISBN 1-56025-882-9.  Barrow, Tony (2004). Paul McCartney. Carlton Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84442-822-9.  Davies, Hunter (2009). The Beatles: The Authorized Biography (3rd revised ed.). W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0-393-33874-4.  Gambaccini, Paul (1993). Paul McCartney: In His Own Words. Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0-86001-239-9.  Gambaccini, Paul (1996). The McCartney Interviews: After the Break-Up (2 ed.). Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0-7119-5494-6.  Gracen, Jorie B. (2000). Paul McCartney: I Saw Him Standing There. Watson-Guptill Publications. ISBN 978-0-8230-8372-5.  Kirchherr, Astrid; Voormann, Klaus (1999). Hamburg Days. Guildford, Surrey: Genesis Publications. ISBN 978-0-904351-73-6.  Martin, George (1979). All You Need Is Ears. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-312-11482-4.  Martin, George; Pearson, William (1994). Summer of Love: The Making of Sgt. Pepper. Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-60398-2.  Peel, Ian (2002). The Unknown Paul McCartney: McCartney and the avant-garde. Reynolds & Hearn. ISBN 978-1-903111-36-9.  Raymer, Miles (2010). How to Analyze the Music of Paul McCartney. ABDO Publishing Company. ISBN 978-1-61613-531-7. 

External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to Paul McCartney. Wikiquote has quotations related to: Paul McCartney Paul McCartney at Encyclopædia Britannica Paul McCartney at AllMusic Paul McCartney discography at Discogs Paul McCartney in the Hollywood Walk of Fame Directory Rupert and the Frog at the Wayback Machine (archived 24 November 2005) – Paul McCartney's animation 2005-11-24 Paul McCartney on IMDb Paul McCartney at the TCM Movie Database Paul McCartney interview on BBC Radio 4 Desert Island Discs, 26 December 1984 v t e Paul McCartney Paul "Wix" Wickens Rusty Anderson Brian Ray Abe Laboriel Jr. Linda McCartney Hamish Stuart Robbie McIntosh Chris Whitten Blair Cunningham Studio albums McCartney Ram (with Linda McCartney) McCartney II Tug of War Pipes of Peace Give My Regards to Broad Street Press to Play Снова в СССР Flowers in the Dirt Off the Ground Flaming Pie Run Devil Run Driving Rain Chaos and Creation in the Backyard Memory Almost Full Kisses on the Bottom New with Wings Wild Life Red Rose Speedway Band on the Run Venus and Mars Wings at the Speed of Sound London Town Back to the Egg Classical The Family Way Thrillington Paul McCartney's Liverpool Oratorio Standing Stone Working Classical Ecce Cor Meum Ocean's Kingdom Electronica Strawberries Oceans Ships Forest (The Fireman) Rushes (The Fireman) Liverpool Sound Collage Twin Freaks Electric Arguments (The Fireman) Live albums Wings over America Tripping the Live Fantastic Unplugged (The Official Bootleg) Paul Is Live Back in the U.S. Back in the World Live iTunes Festival: London Amoeba's Secret Good Evening New York City Live in Los Angeles iTunes Live from Capitol Studios Compilations Wings Greatest Cold Cuts (unreleased) All the Best! The Paul McCartney Collection Costello Album (bootleg) Wingspan: Hits and History Pure McCartney Tours Wings University Tour Wings Over Europe Tour Wings 1973 UK Tour Wings Over the World tour Wings UK Tour 1979 The Paul McCartney World Tour The New World Tour Driving World Tour Back in the World 2004 Summer Tour The 'US' Tour Summer Live '09 Good Evening Europe Tour Up and Coming Tour On the Run Out There One on One Filmography A Hard Day's Night (1964) Help! (1965) Magical Mystery Tour (1967) Yellow Submarine (1968) Let It Be (1970) James Paul McCartney (1973) Wings Over the World (1979) Rockestra (unreleased) (1979) Concert for Kampuchea (1980) Rockshow (1980) Back to the Egg (1981) Give My Regards to Broad Street (1984) Put It There (1990) Get Back (1991) Paul Is Live (1993) In the World Tonight (1997) Live at the Cavern Club (1999) Wingspan (2001) Back in the U.S. (2002) Paul McCartney in Red Square (2005) Between Chaos and Creation (2005) Chaos and Creation at Abbey Road (2005) The Space Within US (2006) The McCartney Years (2007) Good Evening New York City (2009) The Love We Make (2011) Related Articles Discography Song list Awards Music contributions and appearances Paul McCartney concerts Maxi-singles Paul McCartney: Many Years from Now MPL Communications Oobu Joobu Paul is dead "Lisa the Vegetarian" The Concert for New York City People/Artists The Quarrymen The Beatles Wings Heather Mills Personal relationships Albums Wide Prairie A Garland for Linda Paul McCartney's Glastonbury Groove Let Us in Americana: The Music of Paul McCartney A Toot and a Snore in '74 The Art of McCartney Book Category v t e Paul McCartney singles discography 1970s 1971 "Another Day" / "Oh Woman, Oh Why" (with Linda McCartney) "Uncle Albert/Admiral Halsey" / "Too Many People" (with Linda McCartney) "The Back Seat of My Car" / "Heart of the Country" (with Linda McCartney) "Eat at Home" / "Smile Away" (with Linda McCartney) 1979 "Wonderful Christmastime" 1980s 1980 "Coming Up" "Waterfalls" "Temporary Secretary" 1982 "Ebony and Ivory" (with Stevie Wonder) "Take It Away" "Tug of War" "The Girl Is Mine" (with Michael Jackson) 1983 "Say Say Say" (with Michael Jackson) "Pipes of Peace" 1984 "No More Lonely Nights" "We All Stand Together" 1985 "Spies Like Us" 1986 "Press" "Pretty Little Head" "Stranglehold" "Only Love Remains" 1987 "Once Upon a Long Ago" 1989 "Ferry Cross the Mersey" "My Brave Face" / "Flying to My Home" "This One" "Où est le Soleil?" "Figure of Eight" "Distractions" (promo) 1990s 1990 "Put It There" / "Mama's Little Girl" "Birthday" (live) / "Good Day Sunshine" (live) "All My Trials" (live) / "C Moon" (live) "We Got Married" (promo) 1991 "The World You're Coming Into" / "Tres Conejos" "Save the Child" / "The Drinking Song" 1992 "Hope of Deliverance" 1993 "C'Mon People" "Off the Ground" "Biker Like an Icon" / "Things We Said Today" "Transpiritual Stomp" (The Fireman) 1995 "A Leaf" (with Anya Alexeyev) "Come Together" (The Smokin' Mojo Filters) 1997 "Young Boy" "The World Tonight" "Beautiful Night" 1998 Rushes (The Fireman) 1999 Fluid (Nitin Sawhney Remixes) (The Fireman) "No Other Baby" / "Brown Eyed Handsome Man" "Vo!ce" (with Heather Mills) "Run Devil Run" (promo) 2000s 2000 "Free Now" (promo) 2001 "From a Lover to a Friend" "Freedom" / "From a Lover to a Friend" "I'm Partial to Your Abracadabra" (promo) 2002 "Your Loving Flame" (promo) "Lonely Road" (promo) "Hello Goodbye" (promo) 2004 "Tropic Island Hum" / "We All Stand Together" 2005 "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" (with U2) "Fine Line" "Jenny Wren" "Really Love You" (Twin Freaks) 2006 "This Never Happened Before" (promo) 2007 "Dance Tonight" / "Nod Your Head" "Ever Present Past" 2008 "Heal the Pain" (with George Michael) "Sing the Changes" (The Fireman) 2009 "Dance Til We're High" (The Fireman) "My Soul" (with Nitin Sawhney) "Meat Free Monday" "Walk with You" (with Ringo Starr) 2010s 2010 "(I Want to) Come Home" 2011 "My Valentine" 2012 "Only Our Hearts" Christmas Kisses: "The Christmas Song (Chestnuts Roasting on an Open Fire)" / "Wonderful Christmastime" "He Ain't Heavy, He's My Brother" (The Justice Collective) "Get Yourself Another Fool" (promo) 2013 "Out of Sight" (The Bloody Beetroots feat. McCartney & Youth) "New" "Queenie Eye" 2014 "Save Us" "Appreciate" "Early Days" "Hope for the Future" "Only One" (with Kanye West) 2015 "FourFiveSeconds" (with Rihanna & Kanye West) "All Day" (with Kanye West) Book Category v t e The Beatles John Lennon Paul McCartney George Harrison Ringo Starr Stuart Sutcliffe Pete Best History The Quarrymen In Hamburg At The Cavern Club Decca audition Beatlemania in the United Kingdom North American releases In the United States More popular than Jesus In Bangor In India Breakup Murder of John Lennon Anthology Love (Cirque du Soleil) The Beatles: Rock Band Line-ups Religious views Timeline Live performances 1960 Johnny Gentle Tour Winter 1963 Helen Shapiro UK Tour 1963 Roy Orbison Tour 1964 world tour 1965 European tour 1965 US tour 1965 UK tour 1966 tour of Germany, Japan and the Philippines 1966 US tour Rooftop concert List of live performances Associated places 34 Montagu Square, Marylebone Abbey Road, London Abbey Road Studios The Bag O'Nails Beatlemania Hamburg Beatles-Platz Blue Angel The Casbah Coffee Club Candlestick Park The Cavern Club Kaiserkeller Kinfauns 3 Savile Row The Scotch of St. James Shea Stadium Stanley Street Star-Club Strawberry Field Tittenhurst Park The Top Ten Club Wigmore Street Yellow Submarine sculpture Associated companies Apple Corps Apple Records Harrisongs Lingasong Records Northern Songs Phillips' Sound Recording Services Seltaeb Startling Music Influence Artists who have covered the Beatles Beatlemania Beatlesque British Invasion Cultural impact The Fest for Beatles Fans The Rutles Tributes Lists Awards and nominations Bootlegs Cover songs Discography Instruments Performers Post-breakup collaborations Recording sessions Songs Sgt. Pepper cover Related media Around the Beatles Beat Bugs The Beatles (TV series) The Beatles Anthology (book) The Beatles at Abbey Road The Beatles Channel The Beatles Illustrated Lyrics The Beeb's Lost Beatles Tapes The Beatles Tapes from the David Wigg Interviews Everyday Chemistry In My Life Let It Be (musical) Rain: A Tribute to the Beatles Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (film) The Twelfth Album Up Against It Other topics Apple Corps v Apple Computer Apple scruffs Beatle boots Beatles Day Fifth Beatle Lennon–McCartney Jeff Lynne and the Beatles Paul is dead Recording technology Book Category Portal v t e Ex-members of the Beatles and the Quarrymen Full Timeline Guitarists/Bassists John Lennon (1956–69) Eric Griffiths (1956–58) Paul McCartney (1957–70) George Harrison (1958–70) Ken Brown (1959–60) Stu Sutcliffe (1960–61) Chas Newby (December 1960) Pianists John "Duff" Lowe (1958) Billy Preston (1969) Drummers Colin Hanton (1956–59) Tommy Moore (1960) Norman Chapman (1960) Pete Best (1960–62) Ringo Starr (1962–70) Andy White (August 1962) Jimmie Nicol (June 1964) Tea-chest bassists Ivan Vaughan (1956) Nigel Walley (1956–57) Len Garry (1957) Other Rod Davis (bajoist, 1956-57) Pete Shotton (washboardist, 1956–57) v t e Wings Paul McCartney Linda McCartney Denny Laine Denny Seiwell Henry McCullough Jimmy McCulloch Geoff Britton Joe English Laurence Juber Steve Holley Studio albums Wild Life (1971) Red Rose Speedway (1973) Band on the Run (1973) Venus and Mars (1975) Wings at the Speed of Sound (1976) London Town (1978) Back to the Egg (1979) Live albums Wings over America (1976) Compilation albums Wings Greatest (1978) Cold Cuts Wingspan: Hits and History (2001) Singles "Give Ireland Back to the Irish" "Mary Had a Little Lamb" / "Little Woman Love" "Hi, Hi, Hi" / "C Moon" "My Love" "Live and Let Die" / "I Lie Around" "Helen Wheels" / "Country Dreamer" "Mrs. Vandebilt" / "Bluebird" "Jet" / "Mamunia" "Let Me Roll It" "Band on the Run" / "Zoo Gang" "Nineteen Hundred and Eighty-Five" "Junior's Farm" / "Sally G" "Listen to What the Man Said" / "Love in Song" "Letting Go" / "You Gave Me the Answer" "Venus and Mars/Rock Show" / "Magneto and Titanium Man" "Silly Love Songs" / "Cook of the House" "Let 'Em In" / "Beware My Love" "Maybe I'm Amazed" / "Soily" "Seaside Woman" "Mull of Kintyre" / "Girls' School" "With a Little Luck" / "Backwards Traveller"/"Cuff Link" "I've Had Enough" / "Deliver Your Children" "London Town" / "I'm Carrying" "Goodnight Tonight" / "Daytime Nighttime Suffering" "Old Siam, Sir" "Getting Closer" "Arrow Through Me" "Rockestra Theme" "Coming Up (Live at Glasgow)" Tours Wings University Tour (1972) Wings Over Europe Tour (1972) Wings 1973 UK Tour (May 1973) Wings Over the World tour (1975-1976) Wings UK Tour 1979 (1979) Concerts for the People of Kampuchea (1979) Filmography Wings Over the World (1979) Concert for Kampuchea (1980) Rockshow (1980) Back to the Egg (1981) Wingspan – An Intimate Portrait (2001) Related articles Discography Songs The Beatles Ginger Baker's Air Force Japanese Tears The Moody Blues Standard Time Suzy and the Red Stripes Small Faces The Oriental Nightfish Awards and Honours v t e Grammy Award for Song of the Year 1959-1979 "Volare" - Domenico Modugno (songwriter) (1959) "The Battle of New Orleans" - Jimmy Driftwood (songwriter) (1960) "Theme from Exodus" - Ernest Gold (songwriter) (1961) "Moon River" - Johnny Mercer & Henry Mancini (songwriters) (1962) "What Kind of Fool Am I?" - Leslie Bricusse & Anthony Newley (songwriters) (1963) "Days of Wine and Roses" - Johnny Mercer & Henry Mancini (songwriters) (1964) "Hello, Dolly!" - Jerry Herman (songwriter) (1965) "The Shadow of Your Smile" - Paul Francis Webster & Johnny Mandel (songwriters) (1966) "Michelle" - John Lennon & Paul McCartney (songwriters) (1967) "Up, Up, and Away" - Jimmy Webb (songwriter) (1968) "Little Green Apples" - Bobby Russell (songwriter) (1969) "Games People Play" - Joe South (songwriter) (1970) "Bridge over Troubled Water" - Paul Simon (songwriter) (1971) "You've Got a Friend" - Carole King (songwriter) (1972) "The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face" - Ewan MacColl (songwriter) (1973) "Killing Me Softly with His Song" - Norman Gimbel & Charles Fox (songwriters) (1974) "The Way We Were" - Alan and Marilyn Bergman & Marvin Hamlisch (songwriters) (1975) "Send in the Clowns" - Stephen Sondheim (songwriter) (1976) "I Write the Songs" - Bruce Johnston (songwriter) (1977) "Evergreen (Love Theme from A Star Is Born)" - Barbra Streisand & Paul Williams (songwriters) / "You Light Up My Life" - Joe Brooks (songwriter) (1978) "Just the Way You Are" - Billy Joel (songwriter) (1979) 1980-2000 "What a Fool Believes" - Kenny Loggins & Michael McDonald (songwriters) (1980) "Sailing" - Christopher Cross (songwriter) (1981) "Bette Davis Eyes" - Donna Weiss & Jackie DeShannon (songwriters) (1982) "Always on My Mind" - Johnny Christopher, Mark James & Wayne Carson (songwriters) (1983) "Every Breath You Take" - Sting (songwriter) (1984) "What's Love Got to Do with It" - Graham Lyle & Terry Britten (songwriters) (1985) "We Are the World" - Michael Jackson & Lionel Richie (songwriters) (1986) "That's What Friends Are For" - Burt Bacharach & Carole Bayer Sager (songwriters) (1987) "Somewhere Out There" - James Horner, Barry Mann & Cynthia Weil (songwriters) (1988) "Don't Worry, Be Happy" - Bobby McFerrin (songwriter) (1989) "Wind Beneath My Wings" - Larry Henley & Jeff Silbar (songwriters) (1990) "From a Distance" - Julie Gold (songwriter) (1991) "Unforgettable" - Irving Gordon (songwriter) (1992) "Tears in Heaven" - Eric Clapton & Will Jennings (songwriters) (1993) "A Whole New World" - Alan Menken & Tim Rice (songwriters) (1994) "Streets of Philadelphia" - Bruce Springsteen (songwriter) (1995) "Kiss from a Rose" - Seal (songwriter) (1996) "Change the World" - Gordon Kennedy, Wayne Kirkpatrick & Tommy Sims (songwriters) (1997) "Sunny Came Home" - Shawn Colvin & John Leventhal (songwriters) (1998) "My Heart Will Go On" - James Horner & Will Jennings (songwriters) (1999) "Smooth" - Itaal Shur & Rob Thomas (songwriters) (2000) 2001-present "Beautiful Day" - Adam Clayton, David Evans, Laurence Mullen & Paul Hewson (songwriters) (2001) "Fallin'" - Alicia Keys (songwriter) (2002) "Don't Know Why" - Jesse Harris (songwriter) (2003) "Dance with My Father" - Richard Marx & Luther Vandross (songwriters) (2004) "Daughters" - John Mayer (songwriter) (2005) "Sometimes You Can't Make It on Your Own" - Adam Clayton, David Evans, Laurence Mullen & Paul Hewson (songwriters) (2006) "Not Ready to Make Nice" - Emily Burns Erwin, Martha Maguire, Natalie Maines Pasdar & Dan Wilson (songwriters) (2007) "Rehab" - Amy Winehouse (songwriter) (2008) "Viva la Vida" - Guy Berryman, Jonathan Buckland, William Champion & Christopher Martin (songwriters) (2009) "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)" - Thaddis "Kuk" Harrell, Beyoncé Knowles, Terius Nash & Christopher Stewart (songwriters) (2010) "Need You Now" - Dave Haywood, Josh Kear, Charles Kelley & Hillary Scott (songwriters) (2011) "Rolling in the Deep" - Adele Adkins & Paul Epworth (songwriters) (2012) "We Are Young" - Jack Antonoff, Jeff Bhasker, Andrew Dost & Nate Ruess (songwriters) (2013) "Royals" - Joel Little & Ella Yelich O'Connor (songwriters) (2014) "Stay with Me" (Darkchild version) - James Napier, William Phillips & Sam Smith (songwriters) (2015) "Thinking Out Loud" - Ed Sheeran & Amy Wadge (songwriters) (2016) "Hello" - Adele Adkins & Greg Kurstin (songwriters) (2017) That's What I Like - Christopher Brody Brown, James Fauntleroy, Philip Lawrence, Bruno Mars, Ray Charles McCullough II, Jeremy Reeves, Ray Romulus & Jonathan Yip (songwriters) (2018) v t e Grammy Award for Album of the Year 1959–1979 The Music from Peter Gunn – Henry Mancini (1959) Come Dance with Me! – Frank Sinatra (1960) The Button-Down Mind of Bob Newhart – Bob Newhart (1961) Judy at Carnegie Hall – Judy Garland (1962) The First Family – Vaughn Meader (1963) The Barbra Streisand Album – Barbra Streisand (1964) Getz/Gilberto – Stan Getz, João Gilberto (1965) September of My Years – Frank Sinatra (1966) A Man and His Music – Frank Sinatra (1967) Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band – The Beatles (1968) By the Time I Get to Phoenix – Glen Campbell (1969) Blood, Sweat & Tears – Blood, Sweat & Tears (1970) Bridge over Troubled Water – Simon & Garfunkel (1971) Tapestry – Carole King (1972) The Concert for Bangladesh – Various (1973) Innervisions – Stevie Wonder (1974) Fulfillingness' First Finale – Stevie Wonder (1975) Still Crazy After All These Years – Paul Simon (1976) Songs in the Key of Life – Stevie Wonder (1977) Rumours – Fleetwood Mac (1978) Saturday Night Fever – Bee Gees/Various (1979) 1980–2000 52nd Street – Billy Joel (1980) Christopher Cross – Christopher Cross (1981) Double Fantasy – John Lennon and Yoko Ono (1982) Toto IV – Toto (1983) Thriller – Michael Jackson (1984) Can't Slow Down – Lionel Richie (1985) No Jacket Required – Phil Collins (1986) Graceland – Paul Simon (1987) The Joshua Tree – U2 (1988) Faith – George Michael (1989) Nick of Time – Bonnie Raitt (1990) Back on the Block – Quincy Jones and various artists (1991) Unforgettable... with Love – Natalie Cole (1992) Unplugged – Eric Clapton (1993) The Bodyguard – Whitney Houston (1994) MTV Unplugged – Tony Bennett (1995) Jagged Little Pill – Alanis Morissette (1996) Falling into You – Celine Dion (1997) Time Out of Mind – Bob Dylan (1998) The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill – Lauryn Hill (1999) Supernatural – Santana (2000) 2001–present Two Against Nature – Steely Dan (2001) O Brother, Where Art Thou? Soundtrack (2002) Come Away with Me – Norah Jones (2003) Speakerboxxx/The Love Below – Outkast (2004) Genius Loves Company – Ray Charles and various artists (2005) How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb – U2 (2006) Taking the Long Way – Dixie Chicks (2007) River: The Joni Letters – Herbie Hancock (2008) Raising Sand – Robert Plant & Alison Krauss (2009) Fearless – Taylor Swift (2010) The Suburbs – Arcade Fire (2011) 21 – Adele (2012) Babel – Mumford & Sons (2013) Random Access Memories – Daft Punk (2014) Morning Phase – Beck (2015) 1989 – Taylor Swift (2016) 25 – Adele (2017) 24K Magic – Bruno Mars (2018) v t e Gershwin Prize recipients Paul Simon (2007) Stevie Wonder (2009) Paul McCartney (2010) Burt Bacharach and Hal David (2012) Carole King (2013) Billy Joel (2014) Willie Nelson (2015) Smokey Robinson (2016) Tony Bennett (2017) v t e Kennedy Center Honorees (2010s) 2010 Merle Haggard Jerry Herman Bill T. Jones Paul McCartney Oprah Winfrey 2011 Barbara Cook Neil Diamond Yo-Yo Ma Sonny Rollins Meryl Streep 2012 Buddy Guy Dustin Hoffman David Letterman Led Zeppelin Natalia Makarova 2013 Martina Arroyo Herbie Hancock Billy Joel Shirley MacLaine Carlos Santana 2014 Al Green Tom Hanks Patricia McBride Sting Lily Tomlin 2015 Carole King George Lucas Rita Moreno Seiji Ozawa Cicely Tyson 2016 Martha Argerich Eagles Al Pacino Mavis Staples James Taylor 2017 Carmen de Lavallade Gloria Estefan LL Cool J Norman Lear Lionel Richie Complete list 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s v t e MusiCares Person of the Year David Crosby (1991) Bonnie Raitt (1992) Natalie Cole (1993) Gloria Estefan (1994) Tony Bennett (1995) Quincy Jones (1996) Phil Collins (1997) Luciano Pavarotti (1998) Stevie Wonder (1999) Elton John (2000) Paul Simon (2001) Billy Joel (2002) Bono (2003) Sting (2004) Brian Wilson (2005) James Taylor (2006) Don Henley (2007) Aretha Franklin (2008) Neil Diamond (2009) Neil Young (2010) Barbra Streisand (2011) Paul McCartney (2012) Bruce Springsteen (2013) Carole King (2014) Bob Dylan (2015) Lionel Richie (2016) Tom Petty (2017) Fleetwood Mac (2018) v t e Laureates of the Polar Music Prize 1990s Paul McCartney / the Baltic states (1992) Dizzy Gillespie / Witold Lutosławski (1993) Quincy Jones / Nikolaus Harnoncourt (1994) Elton John / Mstislav Rostropovich (1995) Joni Mitchell / Pierre Boulez (1996) Bruce Springsteen / Eric Ericson (1997) Ray Charles / Ravi Shankar (1998) Stevie Wonder / Iannis Xenakis (1999) 2000s Bob Dylan / Isaac Stern (2000) Burt Bacharach / Robert Moog / Karlheinz Stockhausen (2001) Miriam Makeba / Sofia Gubaidulina (2002) Keith Jarrett (2003) B.B. King / György Ligeti (2004) Gilberto Gil / Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (2005) Led Zeppelin / Valery Gergiev (2006) Sonny Rollins / Steve Reich (2007) Pink Floyd / Renée Fleming (2008) Peter Gabriel / José Antonio Abreu / El Sistema (2009) 2010s Björk / Ennio Morricone (2010) Kronos Quartet / Patti Smith (2011) Paul Simon / Yo-Yo Ma (2012) Youssou N'Dour / Kaija Saariaho (2013) Chuck Berry / Peter Sellars (2014) Emmylou Harris / Evelyn Glennie (2015) Max Martin / Cecilia Bartoli (2016) Sting / Wayne Shorter (2017) Metallica / Afghanistan National Institute of Music (2018) v t e Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Class of 1999 Performers Billy Joel Curtis Mayfield Paul McCartney Del Shannon Dusty Springfield Bruce Springsteen The Staple Singers Early influences Bob Wills & His Texas Playboys Charles Brown Non-performers (Ahmet Ertegun Award) George Martin v t e Laureates of the Wolf Prize in Arts Architecture Ralph Erskine (1983/4) Fumihiko Maki / Giancarlo De Carlo (1988) Frank Gehry / Jørn Utzon / Denys Lasdun (1992) Frei Otto / Aldo van Eyck (1996/7) Álvaro Siza Vieira (2001) Jean Nouvel (2005) David Chipperfield / Peter Eisenman (2010) Eduardo Souto de Moura (2013) Phyllis Lambert (2016) Music Vladimir Horowitz / Olivier Messiaen / Josef Tal (1982) Isaac Stern / Krzysztof Penderecki (1987) Yehudi Menuhin / Luciano Berio (1991) Zubin Mehta / György Ligeti (1995/6) Pierre Boulez / Riccardo Muti (2000) Mstislav Rostropovich / Daniel Barenboim (2004) Giya Kancheli / Claudio Abbado (2008) Plácido Domingo / Simon Rattle (2012) Jessye Norman / Murray Perahia (2015) Painting Marc Chagall / Antoni Tàpies (1981) Jasper Johns (1986) Anselm Kiefer (1990) Gerhard Richter (1994/5) Louise Bourgeois (2002/3) Michelangelo Pistoletto (2006/7) Rosemarie Trockel (2011) Sculpture Eduardo Chillida (1984/5) Claes Oldenburg (1989) Bruce Nauman (1993) James Turrell (1998) Louise Bourgeois (2002/3) Michelangelo Pistoletto (2006/7) Olafur Eliasson (2014) Laurie Anderson / Lawrence Weiner (2017) Paul McCartney / Ádám Fischer (2018) Agriculture Arts Chemistry Mathematics Medicine Physics Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 100252012 LCCN: n50012135 ISNI: 0000 0001 2145 2530 GND: 118575708 SELIBR: 75435 SUDOC: 032429436 BNF: cb13897284x (data) BIBSYS: 90620967 ULAN: 500249736 MusicBrainz: ba550d0e-adac-4864-b88b-407cab5e76af NLA: 35994722 NDL: 00449333 NKC: jn20000603963 BNE: XX843550 RKD: 224638 SNAC: w6dv1mpz Retrieved from "" Categories: Paul McCartney1942 births20th-century classical composers20th-century English singers21st-century classical composers21st-century English singersAcademics of the Liverpool Institute for Performing ArtsAnti-fracking movementBacking vocalistsBest Original Music Score Academy Award winnersBrit Award winnersNME Awards winnersBritish people convicted of drug offencesCapitol Records artistsColumbia Records artistsComposers awarded knighthoodsCounterculture of the 1960sEMI Classics and Virgin Classics artistsEnglish billionairesEnglish classical composersEnglish male classical composersEnglish male singersEnglish male singer-songwritersEnglish multi-instrumentalistsEnglish pop singersEnglish tenorsEnglish rock bass guitaristsEnglish rock guitaristsEnglish rock pianistsEnglish rock singersFellows of the American Academy of Arts and SciencesGershwin Prize recipientsGrammy Award winnersGrammy Lifetime Achievement Award winnersHonorary Members of the Royal Academy of MusicIvor Novello Award winnersKennedy Center honoreesKnights BachelorLiving peopleMcCartney familyMembers of the Order of the British EmpireMercury Records artistsMusicians awarded knighthoodsOratorio composersParlophone artistsPeople educated at Liverpool Institute High School for BoysPeople from LiverpoolPeople from St John's WoodRecipients of the Order of the Sun of PeruRock and Roll Hall of Fame inducteesSilver Clef Awards winnersSingers awarded knighthoodsSongwriters Hall of Fame inducteesThe Beatles membersThe Quarrymen membersTranscendental Meditation 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Paul_McCartney - Photos and All Basic Informations

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This Is A Featured Article. Click Here For More Information.This Article Is Semi-protected.McCartney (disambiguation)SirCompanion Of HonourMember Of The Order Of The British EmpireBlack And White Image Of McCartney, Holding A Guitar, In 2010LiverpoolLinda McCartneyHeather MillsHeather McCartneyMary McCartneyStella McCartneyJames McCartneyJim And Mary McCartneyMike McGearRock MusicPop MusicClassical MusicElectronic MusicApple RecordsCapitol RecordsColumbia RecordsDecca RecordsHear MusicParlophonePolydor RecordsSwan Records (jazz Label)Vee-Jay RecordsThe QuarrymenThe BeatlesWings (band)The Fireman (band)Michael JacksonStevie WonderFile:Paul McCartney BBC Radio4 Front Row 26 Dec 2012 B01pg54v.flacFront Row (radio)Companion Of HonourMember Of The Order Of The British EmpireThe BeatlesPop MusicLennon–McCartneyBreak-up Of The BeatlesWings (band)Linda McCartneyDenny LaineList Of Best-selling Music ArtistsYesterday (Beatles Song)Mull Of Kintyre (song)List Of Rock And Roll Hall Of Fame InducteesRock And Roll Hall Of FameGrammy AwardBillboard Hot 100RIAAGeorge HarrisonRingo StarrOrder Of The British EmpireKnight BachelorAnimal RightsSeal HuntingLand MinesMusic EducationJim And Mary McCartneyEnlarge20 Forthlin RoadWalton, LiverpoolMike McGearSpekeBelle Vale, LiverpoolEleven-Plus ExamLiverpool Institute High School For BoysGrammar SchoolSecondary Modern SchoolGeorge HarrisonMidwife20 Forthlin RoadAllerton, MerseysideEmbolismJohn LennonJulia LennonUpright PianoLearning Music By EarRock And RollRadio Luxembourg (English)FramusSteel-string Acoustic GuitarSlim WhitmanI Lost My Little GirlWhen I'm Sixty-FourRhythm And BluesLittle RichardLong Tall SallyButlin's FileyThe QuarrymenWooltonSkifflePopular MusicJazzBluesFolk MusicStuart SutcliffePete BestHamburgThe BeatlesEnlargeJohn F. Kennedy International AirportAllan WilliamsTony SheridanMy BonnieBrian EpsteinRingo StarrLove Me DoBeatlemania In The United KingdomThe Beatles In The United StatesBeatlemaniaYesterday (Beatles Song)String QuartetHelp! (album)Rubber SoulMusicologyIan MacDonaldIn My LifeNorman Smith (record Producer)Revolver (Beatles Album)Music GenrePsychedelic RockA-side And B-sidePaperback WriterRain (Beatles Song)Music VideoThe Ed Sullivan ShowTop Of The PopsEleanor RigbyOctet (music)George MartinEnlargeBill HarryThe Beatles' 1966 US TourFilm ScoreThe Family Way (soundtrack)Ivor Novello AwardsSgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club BandConcept AlbumPersonaSgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (song)Mop-topGeoff EmerickMagnetic TapePitch ControlCompressor LimiterFlangingAutomatic Double TrackingA Day In The LifeDouble A-sideStrawberry Fields ForeverPenny LaneShe's Leaving HomePop ArtPeter Blake (artist)Jann HaworthList Of Images On The Cover Of Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club BandHippieMagical Mystery Tour (film)Mark LewisohnMagical Mystery TourExtended PlayTrailer (promotion)Yellow Submarine (film)Yellow Submarine (song)Yellow Submarine (album)The Beatles (album)Let It BeLinda McCartneyMary McCartneyAbbey RoadSymphonyMedley (music)Paul Is DeadLife (magazine)Lee EastmanAllen KleinEMIMajor Depressive DisorderMaybe I'm AmazedWings (band)Break-up Of The BeatlesMcCartney (album)Ram (album)Hit SingleUncle Albert/Admiral HalseyThe Moody BluesWings (band)Stella McCartneyHenry McCulloughUniversity Of NottinghamWings University TourCoinWings Over Europe TourMy Love (Paul McCartney And Wings Song)Red Rose SpeedwayLive And Let Die (song)James Bond (film Series)Live And Let Die (film)Academy AwardGrammy AwardSymphonic RockBand On The RunRolling StoneGeoff EmerickBand On The Run (song)Jet (song)Helen WheelsThe 500 Greatest Albums Of All TimeVenus And Mars (Wings Album)Wings At The Speed Of SoundWings Over The World TourSet ListLady MadonnaArenaLive AlbumWings Over AmericaJames McCartneyMull Of Kintyre (song)She Loves YouDo They Know It's Christmas?London Town (Wings Album)With A Little LuckBack To The EggSupergroup (music)Rockestra ThemePete TownshendDavid GilmourGary BrookerJohn Paul Jones (musician)John BonhamWings UK Tour 1979Got To Get You Into My LifeThe Fool On The HillEnlargeAmsterdam Airport SchipholMcCartney IIComing Up (song)GlasgowStevie WonderEbony And IvoryTug Of War (Paul McCartney Album)Michael JacksonThe Girl Is MineThriller (Michael Jackson Album)Say Say SayPipes Of PeacePipes Of Peace (song)Give My Regards To Broad Street (film)Variety (magazine)Roger EbertGive My Regards To Broad StreetNo More Lonely NightsWarner Bros.Spies Like UsSpies Like Us (song)Phil RamoneLive AidAudio FeedbackDavid BowieAlison MoyetBob GeldofEric StewartPress To PlayChoba B CCCPSoviet UnionCover VersionMerseysideGerry MarsdenHolly JohnsonFerry Cross The MerseyHillsborough DisasterFlowers In The DirtElvis CostelloNicky HopkinsHamish StuartRobbie McIntoshPaul "Wix" WickensChris WhittenThe Paul McCartney World TourMaracanã StadiumTripping The Live FantasticOrchestral MusicRoyal Liverpool Philharmonic SocietySesquicentennialCarl DavisLiverpool OratorioKiri Te KanawaJerry HadleyWillard WhiteRoyal Liverpool Philharmonic OrchestraLiverpool CathedralThe GuardianAcoustic MusicMTV UnpluggedUnplugged (The Official Bootleg)Martin GloverKilling JokeThe Fireman (band)ElectronicaStrawberries Oceans Ships ForestOff The GroundThe New World TourPaul Is LiveBeatles AnthologyOobu JoobuWestwood One (1976–2011)Charles, Prince Of WalesFellowRoyal College Of MusicFlaming PieBeautiful Night (Paul McCartney Song)Standing Stone (album)Rushes (album)Run Devil Run (album)Ian PaiceConcert For LindaRoyal Albert HallChrissie HyndeCarla LaneWorking ClassicalLiverpool Sound CollageSuper Furry AnimalsMusique ConcrèteChoirA Garland For LindaSeptember 11 AttacksJohn F. Kennedy International AirportThe Concert For New York CityDriving RainFreedom (Paul McCartney Song)Rusty AndersonBrian RayAbe Laboriel, Jr.Driving World TourDouble AlbumBack In The USBack In The WorldEnlargeHeather MillsConcert For GeorgeNational Football LeagueSuper BowlSuper Bowl XXXVISuper Bowl XXXIXCollege Of ArmsCoat Of ArmsLiver BirdBeetleEnlargeThe Beatles: Rock BandLive 8Hyde Park, LondonSgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (song)U2Drive My CarGeorge MichaelHelter Skelter (song)The Long And Winding RoadChaos And Creation In The BackyardEcce Cor MeumMemory Almost FullElectric ArgumentsEuropean Capital Of CultureLate Show With David LettermanThe Beatles: Rock BandCiti FieldShea StadiumQueensGood Evening New York CityEnlargeDublinConsol Energy CenterPittsburgh, PennsylvaniaYankee StadiumNew York TimesNew York City BalletPeter MartinsOcean's KingdomKisses On The BottomStandard (music)National Academy Of Recording Arts And SciencesMusiCares Person Of The Year54th Grammy AwardsMexico CityDiamond Jubilee ConcertBuckingham Palace2012 Summer Olympics Opening Ceremony2012 Summer OlympicsThe End (Beatles Song)Hey JudeCoda (music)EnlargeMontevideoUruguayNirvana (band)Krist NovoselicDave GrohlPat Smear12-12-12: The Concert For Sandy ReliefNew (album)The Night That Changed America: A Grammy Salute To The BeatlesCandlestick ParkDestiny (video Game)The Art Of McCartneyKanye WestOnly One (Kanye West Song)RihannaFourFiveSeconds57th Annual Grammy AwardsAll Day (Kanye West Song)Theophilus LondonAllan KingdomPaul SimonSaturday Night Live 40th Anniversary SpecialI've Just Seen A FaceMaybe I'm AmazedAlice CooperHollywood Vampires (band)Come And Get It (Badfinger Song)Pirates Of The Caribbean: Dead Men Tell No TalesUnited States District CourtSony/ATV Music PublishingLennon–McCartneySting (musician)Dr. DreMike ElizondoColin MouldingXTCPlectrumGuitar PickSlapping (music)MotownJames JamersonMelodyBrian WilsonStanley ClarkeHöfner 500/1Rickenbacker 4001Vox (musical Equipment)Fender BassmanWal (bass)BasslineMesa BoogieShe's A WomanThe Word (song)Groove (music)James BrownPapa's Got A Brand New BagWilson PickettIn The Midnight HourSoul MusicIndian Classical MusicMelismaSomething (Beatles Song)Lucy In The Sky With DiamondsFlatpickingFingerstyle GuitarMichelle (song)Blackbird (Beatles Song)I WillMother Nature's SonRocky RaccoonFolk MusicJenny WrenEpiphone TexanMartin HD-7EnlargeGibson Les PaulDrive My CarEpiphone CasinoTaxmanHelter Skelter (song)Good Morning Good MorningAnother GirlEddie Van HalenEric ClaptonDavid GilmourJimi HendrixGibson Les PaulMusic GenreCall Me Back AgainBluesI'm DownRock And RollHeavy Metal MusicGospel MusicMelismaSoul MusicHope Of DeliverancePut It ThereWalter Everett (musicologist)When I'm Sixty-FourHoney PieVaudevilleSwing MusicTwelve-bar BluesI've Got A FeelingBack In The U.S.S.R.Belting (music)EnlargeEast RoomWhite HouseFor No OneA Day In The LifeLady MadonnaMartha My DearFats DominoMellotronStrawberry Fields ForeverMoog SynthesizerMaxwell's Silver HammerWith A Little LuckLondon Town (Wings Song)Dear PrudenceWild Honey PieThe Ballad Of John And YokoPaul Jones (singer)And The Sun Will ShineSteve Miller BandJohn Dunbar (artist)Magnetic TapeJane AsherDick JamesAvant-gardeJohn CageTape LoopsBrenell EngineeringReel-to-reel Audio Tape RecordingTomorrow Never KnowsThe Fool On The HillMessiahLittle RichardElvis PresleyBuddy HollyCarl PerkinsChuck BerryI Saw Her Standing ThereI'm Talking About YouFalsettoVocal MusicThe CricketsAvant-gardeJohn Dunbar (artist)Robert Fraser (art Dealer)Andy WarholClaes OldenburgPeter Blake (artist)Richard Hamilton (artist)MagritteApple RecordsIndica GalleryBarry MilesYoko OnoInternational TimesMany Years From NowWillem De KooningLong IslandSiegenAndy WarholDavid BowieArnolfiniLiverpool Institute For Performing ArtsLiverpool Institute For BoysCrosswordsFaber & FaberHigh In The CloudsPhilip ArdaghThe ObserverAnimated FilmRupert And The Frog SongHonoré DaumierBAFTATropic Island HumWe All Stand TogetherKeith RichardsThe Everly BrothersThe SimpsonsLisa The VegetarianGrateful DeadMPL CommunicationsMusic Publisher (popular Music)Guys And DollsA Chorus LineAnnie (musical)Grease (musical)On The Run (Paul McCartney)ParlophoneEMICapitol RecordsApple RecordsColumbia RecordsFrank LoesserHear MusicKisses On The BottomDick JamesNorthern SongsLew GradeAssociated TelevisionMPL CommunicationsYoko OnoRobert Holmes à CourtMichael JacksonLove Me DoP.S. I Love You (Beatles Song)HamburgPreludinBob DylanCannabis (drug)Got To Get You Into My LifeHelp! (film)Joint (cannabis)Richard LesterCocaineLysergic Acid DiethylamidePsychedelic ExperienceCannabis CultivationEnlargeVladimir PutinHeather MillsAnimal RightsLinda McCartney FoodsGenetic EngineeringDevour The EarthTony WardlePeople For The Ethical Treatment Of AnimalsSlaughterhouseMeat IndustryAnimal WelfareHumane Society Of The United StatesHumane Society InternationalWorld Animal ProtectionDavid Shepherd (artist)VeganLand MineAdopt-A-MinefieldPrince Edward IslandSeal HuntingDanny Williams (politician)Larry King LiveMake Poverty HistoryConcerts For The People Of KampucheaFerry AidBand Aid (band)Live AidLive 8Ferry Cross The MerseyAung San Suu KyiAid Still Required14th Dalai LamaDalai LamaAnti-fracking MovementArtists Against FrackingSave The ArcticPetroleum Exploration In The ArcticArcticDesmond TutuNobel Peace PrizeDavid CameronFox HuntingConservative Party (UK)Maharishi Mahesh YogiLondon Hilton HotelBangor, GwyneddTranscendental Meditation TechniqueRadio City Music HallDavid Lynch FoundationEverton F.C.Liverpool F.C.Kenny DalglishPersonal Relationships Of Paul McCartneyThe Casbah Coffee ClubBrigitte BardotCynthia LennonJane AsherRoyal Albert HallSt. John's WoodAnd I Love HerYou Won't See MeI'm Looking Through YouFrancie SchwartzEnlargeLinda McCartneyHookeyFabian ForteBobby DarinChuck BerryThe Jimi Hendrix ExperienceThe DoorsGeorgie FameThe Bag O'NailsMinimoogMonophonic SynthesizerHeather McCartneyMary McCartneyStella McCartneyJames McCartneyDaily MailHeather MillsLand MineNew England Motor FreightNew York Metropolitan AreaMetropolitan Transportation AuthorityCollaborations Between Ex-BeatlesA Toot And A Snore In '74Saturday Night LiveThe DakotaLorne MichaelsVH1Two Of Us (2000 Film)Double FantasyDeath Of John LennonDeath Of John LennonMedia CircusOxford StreetAll Those Years AgoHere Today (Paul McCartney Song)UkuleleConcert For GeorgeFor You BlueAll Things Must Pass (song)Eric ClaptonWhile My Guitar Gently WeepsRingo (album)KazooYou're SixteenGive My Regards To Broad Street (film)Give My Regards To Broad StreetBeautiful Night (Paul McCartney Song)Vertical ManWith A Little Help From My FriendsDavid Lynch FoundationY NotDuetWalk With YouRingo Starr & His All-Starr BandBirthday (Beatles Song)Queenie EyeNew (album)56th Annual Grammy AwardsRock And Roll Hall Of FameGive More LoveRock And Roll Hall Of FameGuinness World RecordsRIAA CertificationA World Without LovePeter And GordonElton JohnStars On 45Michael JacksonRIAALet It Be (Ferry Aid Song)Band Aid (band)Band Aid 20Solo (music)Trio (music)Billy PrestonU2Live 8UK Official Download ChartEnlargeGershwin PrizeBarack ObamaList Of Awards Received By Paul McCartneyAcademy AwardGrammy AwardRock And Roll Hall Of FameOrder Of The British Empire4148 McCartneyInternational Astronomical UnionMinor Planet CenterDoctor Of The UniversityUniversity Of SussexKnight BachelorQueen Elizabeth IIBritish Academy Of Songwriters, Composers And AuthorsBRIT AwardDoctor Of MusicYale UniversityGershwin PrizeKennedy Center HonorsHollywood Walk Of FameLégion D'HonneurMusiCares Person Of The YearMember Of The Order Of The Companions Of Honour2017 Birthday HonoursPaul McCartney DiscographyThe Beatles DiscographyWings DiscographyList Of Songs Recorded By Paul McCartneyMcCartney (album)Ram (album)McCartney IITug Of War (Paul McCartney Album)Pipes Of PeaceGive My Regards To Broad StreetPress To PlayCHOBA B CCCPFlowers In The DirtOff The GroundFlaming PieRun Devil Run (album)Driving RainChaos And Creation In The BackyardMemory Almost FullKisses On The BottomNew (album)Wild Life (Wings Album)Red Rose SpeedwayBand On The RunVenus And Mars (Wings Album)Wings At The Speed Of SoundLondon Town (Wings Album)Back To The EggPaul McCartney's Liverpool OratorioCarl DavisStanding Stone (album)Working ClassicalEcce Cor MeumOcean's KingdomPeter MartinsThe Family Way (soundtrack)Film ScoreGeorge MartinThrillingtonStrawberries Oceans Ships ForestThe Fireman (band)Rushes (album)Liverpool Sound CollageRemixerTwin FreaksThe Freelance HellraiserElectric ArgumentsA Hard Day's Night (film)Help! (film)Magical Mystery Tour (film)Yellow Submarine (film)Let It Be (1970 Film)Give My Regards To Broad Street (film)Rupert And The Frog SongEat The Rich (film)Pirates Of The Caribbean: Dead Men Tell No TalesThe SimpsonsLisa The VegetarianSaturday Night LivePaul Simon30 RockLive From Studio 6HBoJack HorsemanList Of Paul McCartney Concert ToursList Of The Beatles' Live PerformancesWings University TourWings Over Europe TourWings 1973 UK TourWings Over The World TourWings UK Tour 1979The Paul McCartney World TourPaul McCartney's Unplugged Tour 1991The New World TourDriving World TourBack In The World TourPaul McCartney 2004 Summer TourThe 'US' TourPaul McCartney's Secret Tour 2007Summer Live '09Good Evening Europe TourUp And Coming TourOn The Run (Paul McCartney)Out There (tour)One On One (tour)Book:Paul McCartneyPaul Is DeadPortal:The BeatlesPortal:GuitarPortal:Pop MusicPortal:Rock MusicTubaBrass BandKaiserkellerBruno KoschmiderThe Cavern ClubPlease Please MeWith The BeatlesA Hard Day's 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