Contents 1 Slovakia 2 Czech Republic 2.1 List 3 References 4 External links 5 See also


Slovakia[edit] There are 2891 obcí in Slovakia as of 2008.[2] After meeting certain conditions such as population over 5000, being well accessible, having cultural or economical significance and having an urban style of settlement an obec can be declared a town ("mesto").[1]


Czech Republic[edit] The number of municipalities (obcí) in the Czech Republic is 6250 (in 2010). Whole area of the republic including mountains, forests and national parks is divided into municipalities (excepting military grounds - see Unincorporated Areas of the Czech Republic). Smallest municipalities are shaped only by one small village, some by two or more villages or by the city and several villages. Mostly a municipality has the same name as the settlement where is the municipal office, but there are many exceptions: some municipalities have double name (Sedlec-Prčice, Brandýs nad Labem-Stará Boleslav), some municipalities have a name which have no its settlement (Orlické Podhůří) and some municipalities have the office in other part than in the "nominal". The smallest Czech municipalities are Závist (0,42 km2) and Karlova Studánka (0,46 km2). The lowest number of the population has Vysoká Lhota (17 inhabitants by ČSÚ, 2013) and Čilá (18 inhabitants), many small municipalities have populations only of tens. Typical rural municipality has hundreds of inhabitants. The biggest are Prague (496,09 km2, 1,3 mil. inh.), Brno (230,19 km2, 405 thous.), Ostrava (214,22 km2, 313 thous.) and by extent is the fourth Ralsko (170,23 km2, including a former military area, only 2 thousands inhabitants). Every city (město'") or town (městys'") is an "obec" (some separately, some along with attached villages). Not even the biggest cities are divided into more municipalities, but several biggest cities ("statute cities") can have self-governing subdivisions, so-called city parts (městská část) or city circuits (městský obvod) which have standing partly similar to small municipalities. Some of municipalities have only basic status of municipality, some have extended competencies of delegated state administration (pověřená obec, obec s rozšířenou působností) for the territory of the municipality and for surrounding (smaller) municipalities. Město (a city) and městys (a town) is currently above all ceremonious honorary degree. Some municipalities have such title for historic reasons, though they are small. Smallest cities are Přebuz (population of 69 inhabitants) and Loučná pod Klínovcem (87 inhabitants). The law makes it possible to restitute by request a status of city or town for every municipality which lost it (during communist period). But a municipality which want to acquire status of city (město) firstly, must have population over 3000 and the improvement in status is subject of assessment by chairman of the parliament. For městys (towns) definite population are not a condition. The biggest of cities are "statute cities" and can have self-governing subdivisions. A special type of municipality is the capital Prague, which has simultaneously a status of municipality and a status of region and which is treated by special law. List[edit] List of municipalities in the Czech Republic: A - I List of municipalities in the Czech Republic: J - M List of municipalities in the Czech Republic: N - Ř List of municipalities in the Czech Republic: S - Ž


References[edit] ^ a b "Zákona NR SR č. 369/1990 Zb. o obecnom zriadení" (in Slovak). www.zakonypreludi.sk. 2002-10-30.  ^ "Urban and Municipal Statistics" (in Slovak). 2010-03-19. Archived from the original on January 11, 2008. 


External links[edit] List of municipalities in Czech and Slovak Republic


See also[edit] okres opština municipality List of cities in the Czech Republic List of municipalities in Slovakia v t e Slavic terms for country subdivisions Current dzielnica gmina krai kraj krajina / pokrajina městys obec oblast / oblast' / oblasti / oblys / obwód / voblast' okręg okres okrug opština / općina / občina / obshtina osiedle powiat / povit raion selsoviet / silrada sołectwo voivodeship / vojvodina županija Historical darugha gromada guberniya / gubernia jurydyka khutor obshchina okolia opole pogost prowincja sorok srez starostwo / starostva uyezd volost ziemia župa Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Obec&oldid=821333493" Categories: Subdivisions of the Czech RepublicSubdivisions of SlovakiaGeography of the Czech RepublicGeography of SlovakiaLists of municipalities of the Czech RepublicMunicipalities of SlovakiaPopulated places in the Czech RepublicPopulated places in SlovakiaCzech words and phrasesSlovak words and phrasesHidden categories: CS1 Slovak-language sources (sk)Articles needing additional references from December 2009All articles needing additional references


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